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McGowan Emily C EC Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA, - - 2014
Food allergy is a common condition for which the only currently approved treatments are avoidance of the allergenic food and the administration of emergency medications upon accidental exposure. Over the past 10 years, significant advances have been made in the field of food immunotherapy, with efforts focusing on allergen exposure via ...
Nakagawa Lia L Biological Institute, Environmental Protection Centre, São Paulo-SP, - - 2014
In São Paulo city, rodent infestation is considered a serious public health problem and object of a municipal rodent control program. In the routine, one of the most important methods involves baiting in sewers, using bromadiolone block bait in a pulsed baiting strategy. It has been observed that after each ...
Chapman K J KJ Applied Clinical Research and Public Health, College of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Cardiff University, School of Dentistry, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 - - 2014
Objective Children's magazines are popular in the United Kingdom, but their content is poorly regulated. Consequently, food and beverages high in fat, salt and sugar (HFSS), detrimental to oral and wider health, make unrestricted appearances. The study aim was to assess the amount of HFSS food and drink children are ...
Sheiham Aubrey A Emeritus Professor of Dental Public Health University College - - 2014
Objective Children's magazines are popular in the United Kingdom, but their content is poorly regulated. Consequently, food and beverages high in fat, salt and sugar (HFSS), detrimental to oral and wider health, make unrestricted appearances. The study aim was to assess the amount of HFSS food and drink children are ...
Smith Karen L KL Laboratory of Addictive Disorders, Departments of Pharmacology and Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Binge-eating disorder is characterized by excessive, uncontrollable consumption of palatable food within brief periods of time. The role of the glutamatergic NMDA receptor system in hedonic feeding is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to characterize the effects of the uncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist memantine on palatable ...
Johnson Fiona F Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom - - 2014
Among the key characteristics of the Western obesogenic food environment is a highly palatable and varied food supply. Laboratory investigations of eating behavior in both humans and animals established key roles for palatability and variety in stimulating appetite, delaying satiety, and promoting excessive energy intake. There is a robust effect ...
Kalač Pavel P Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, University of South Bohemia, 37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
This review continues a previous one (Kalač & Krausová, 2005). Dietary polyamines spermidine and spermine participate in an array of physiological roles with both favourable and injurious effects on human health. Dieticians thus need plausible information on their content in various foods. The data on the polyamine contents in raw ...
Martín-García Elena E Laboratori de Neurofarmacologia, Departament de Ciències Experimentals i de la Salut, PRBB, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, - - 2014
Frustration represents a particular aspect of the addictive process that is related to loss of control when the expected reward is not obtained. We aim to study the consequences of frustrated expected reward on gene expression in the mouse brain. For this purpose, we used an operant model of frustration ...
Iwasaki Masanori - - 2014
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the relationship of oral health status defined on the basis of presence of posterior occluding pairs (POPs) and adequacy of removable denture fit as determined by self-report to nutrient and food intake among older Japanese. The subjects were 353 Japanese aged ...
Hwang Do-Won DW Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Eulji University Hospital, Eulji University School of Medicine, Daejeon, - - 2014
A 3-year-old girl had multiple anomalies compatible with Treacher Collins Syndrome (TCS). From the neonatal period, sucking was poor, making tube feeding necessary. Excessive saliva was retained in the oral cavity. Nasal leakage caused by the cleft palate was observed when she spoke. The initial videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) showed ...
Ciaravino Vic V Anacor Pharmaceuticals Inc, Palo Alto, CA, USA - - 2014
Tavaborole, a cyclized boronic acid, has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the topical treatment of toenail onychomycosis. This novel, low-molecular-weight pharmaceutical compound has broad-spectrum antifungal activity against dermatophytes, yeasts, and molds responsible for the disease. Tavaborole was tested in 2-year carcinogenicity studies in mice (once daily ...
Sushma R R Department of Public Health Dentistry JSS dental College and Hospital, JSS University, Mysore, Karnataka, - - 2014
In pursuit of a more "holistic" dentistry and an increasing focus on promoting oral health, dental students are increasingly being trained to take a more active part in health promotion and education. In particular, this incorporates an emphasis on diet and educating people to eat in more healthy ways. This ...
Kulis Mike M University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2014
Cashew-allergic mice develop elevated walnut-specific IgE upon oral feeding of walnut proteins. Ingestion of tree nuts in the presence of a known nut allergy could lead to additional sensitizations and anaphylaxis following subsequent exposure. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Inokuchi Haruhi H Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA, - - 2014
Stage II transport (St2Tr) is propulsion of triturated food into the pharynx for storage before swallowing via tongue squeeze-back against the palate. To clarify the phenomenology of St2Tr, we examined the effects of food consistency and the number of chewing cycles on the number of St2Tr cycles in a chew-swallow ...
Begin Philippe P a Stanford University; Stanford, CA - - 2014
Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is an emerging new therapy for food allergy. With multiple small exploratory trials and some large randomized-controlled phase 2 trials recently published and under way, there is a clear progress and interest toward making this a treatment option for patients suffering from food allergies. However, there are ...
Bedolla-Barajas Martín M Allergy and Clinical Immunology Service, The "Dr. Juan I. Menchaca" Civil Hospital of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, - - 2014
There is limited epidemiological evidence of food hypersensitivity (FH) in the adult population. We aimed to determine the prevalence of FH in Mexican adults, their clinical features and to establish common food involved in its appearance. We designed a cross-sectional study using a fixed quota sampling; 1,126 subjects answered a ...
Madhuri Sonawane S Dept of Public Health Dentistry, Dr. D.Y Patil Dental College & Hospital, Dr.D Y Patil, Vidyapeeth Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2014
The relationship between tooth loss and nutritional intake is important. As people age, their diminished physical capacity and decreased income adversely affect their ability to maintain their teeth. The aim of the study was to assess and compare the chewing ability, oral health related quality of life and nutritional status ...
Liu Hongxing H MOE Key Laboratory of Laser Life Science & Institute of Laser Life Science, College of Biophotonics, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, - - 2014
Food-borne pathogens have been recognized as a major cause of human infections worldwide. Their identification needs to be simpler, cheaper and more reliable than the traditional methods. Here, we constructed a low-cost paper platform for viable pathogenic bacteria detection with the naked eye. In this study, an effective isothermal amplification ...
Solntseva S V SV P. K. Anokhin Research Institute of Normal Physiology, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow, - - 2014
Mechanisms of induction and retrieval of latent (hidden) memory for conditioned food aversion were investigated in snails. After initial training (single combination of a food stimulus with electric shock), aversive reactions to presentation of the conditioned food stimulus were not revealed. Repeated presentation of the stimuli in 12 days after ...
Kelava Nikolina - - 2014
Oral allergy syndrome (OAS) is one of the most common types of food allergy. The syndrome includes itching and swelling of the lips, palate and tongue, usually after consuming fresh fruits and vegetables. The underlying pathogenic mechanism is cross-reactivity between IgE antibodies specific to pollen, and antigens in food, such ...
Bullejos Francisco José - - 2014
Consumer growth can be affected by imbalances between the nutrient content of the consumer and its food resource. Although ontogenetic-driven changes in animal composition are well documented, their potential consequences for the organism's sensitivity to food quality constraints have remained elusive. Here we show that the potential growth response of ...
Han Seung Ryul SR Department of Molecular Biology, Institute of Nanosensor and Biotechnology, Dankook University, Yongin 448-701, Republic of - - 2014
Danofloxacin is a synthetic fluoroquinolone with broad spectrum antibacterial activity that is used for the treatment of respiratory diseases in animal husbandry. However, danofloxacin has many adverse reactions and is toxic to humans. Especially, it detrimentally affects muscle, central nerve system, peripheral nerve system, liver, and skin in those who ...
Reichelt Amy C AC School of Medical Sciences, The University of New South Wales Sydney, NSW, Australia ; School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
A range of animal and human data demonstrates that excessive consumption of palatable food leads to neuroadaptive responses in brain circuits underlying reward. Unrestrained consumption of palatable food has been shown to increase the reinforcing value of food and weaken inhibitory control; however, whether it impacts upon the sensory representations ...
Sattler Elisabeth Lilian Pia EL a Department of Foods and Nutrition , University of Georgia , Athens , Georgia , - - 2014
Little is known about diabetes management among low-income older Americans. This study used statewide self-administered survey and Medicare claims data to examine the relationships of food insecurity and medication (re)fill adherence in a sample of Medicare Part D beneficiaries with type 2 diabetes in need of food assistance in Georgia ...
Atiya Ali M - - 2013
Polyamine intake from milk is considered essential for post-natal maturation of the immune system and small intestine. The present study aimed to determine polyamine content in human milk after preterm delivery and the association with mothers' dietary intake. In comparison, the polyamine levels were compared with those in term breast ...
Petrick Jay S - - 2013
Gene expression can be modulated in plants to produce desired traits through agricultural biotechnology. Currently, biotechnology-derived crops are compared to their conventional counterparts, with safety assessments conducted on the genetic modification and the intended and unintended differences. This review proposes that this comparative safety assessment paradigm is appropriate for plants ...
Heinemann Jack A - - 2013
Changing the nature, kind and quantity of particular regulatory-RNA molecules through genetic engineering can create biosafety risks. While some genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are intended to produce new regulatory-RNA molecules, these may also arise in other GMOs not intended to express them. To characterise, assess and then mitigate the potential ...
Livezey Kristin - - 2013
Listeria and Salmonella detection assays for food and environmental surfaces that target ribosomal RNA (rRNA) have been developed. The large number of rRNA molecules in bacteria enabled the development of molecular assays that use enrichment times as short as 12 hours for Salmonella and 24 hours for Listeria. These assays ...
Girard Maryline - - 2013
Abstract Four nucleic acid extraction methods were evaluated for the purpose of quantifying a norovirus surrogate (murine norovirus [MNV-1]) concentrated from different food samples. Simple (strawberries and lettuce) and complex (sliced turkey breast, soft-shell clams, and potato salad) food matrices were inoculated with a viral suspension containing high (4×10(5) PFU) ...
Soda Kuniyasu - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the contribution of dietary polyamines toward preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD). Age-standardized mortality rates as well as other relevant information regarding individuals with CVD were gathered from the World Health Organization and the International Monetary Fund in 48 different European and other Western ...
Yoshida Tadashi T Heart and Vascular Institute, Tulane University School of Medicine, 1430 Tulane Avenue SL-48, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, - - 2012
Angiotensin II (Ang II), which is elevated in many chronic disease states such as end-stage renal disease and congestive heart failure, induces cachexia and skeletal muscle wasting by increasing muscle protein breakdown and reducing food intake. Neurohormonal mechanisms that mediate Ang II-induced appetite suppression are unknown. Consequently, we examined the ...
Nakano-Tateno Tae - - 2011
The effects of centrally administered Angiotensin II (Ang II) on water and food intake in rodent models are well known. However, most studies have focused on the acute effects of intracranial Ang II. In the current study, we evaluated the effects of intracerebroventricular Ang II on food and water intake ...
Srinivasu P D N - - 2011
Necessity to understand the role of additional food as a tool in biological control programs is being increasingly felt, particularly due to its eco-friendly nature. A thorough mathematical analysis in this direction revealed the vital role of quality and quantity of the additional food in the controllability of the predator-prey ...
de Kloet Annette D - - 2011
Considerable evidence implicates the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the regulation of energy balance. To evaluate the role of the RAS in the central nervous system regulation of energy balance, we used osmotic minipumps to chronically administer angiotensin II (Ang II; icv; 0.7 ng/min for 24 days) to adult male Long-Evans ...
- - 2011
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is classifying the eyelid thermal pulsation system into class II (special controls). The Agency is classifying the device into class II (special controls) in order to provide a reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness of the device.
Ghourab Samar - - 2011
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a 28 amino acid peptide expressed throughout the peripheral and central nervous systems. VIP and the VIP receptor VPAC(2)R are expressed in hypothalamic nuclei involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis. VIP has been shown to be involved in the regulation of energy balance in ...
- - 2011
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is classifying the repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) system into class II (special controls). The Agency is classifying this device type into class II (special controls) in order to provide a reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness of these devices.
Mietlicki Elizabeth G EG Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo, SUNY, Buffalo, NY 14260, - - 2011
Ghrelin is a gut peptide that has been studied extensively for its role in food intake and energy balance. More recent studies show that ghrelin reduces water intake in rats and some non-mammalian species. Despite the importance of the regulation of NaCl intake in body fluid homeostasis, the effects of ...
- - 2011
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is classifying the focused ultrasound stimulator system for aesthetic use into class II (special controls). The special control(s) that will apply to the device is the guidance document entitled "Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Focused Ultrasound Stimulator System for Aesthetic Use." The Agency ...
Sallam Hanaa S - - 2011
Obesity is one of the most prevalent health problems in the United States. Current therapeutic strategies for the treatment of obesity are unsatisfactory. We hypothesized the use of colon electrical stimulation (CES) to treat obesity by inhibiting upper gastrointestinal motility. In this preliminary study, we aimed at studying the effects ...
Mills S - - 2011
There is an increased desire for sophisticated foods, whereby consumers harbor higher expectations of health-promoting benefits above basic nutrition. Moreover, there is a move from the adulteration of foods with chemical preservatives toward biopreservation. Such expectations have led scientists to identify novel approaches to satisfy both demands, which utilize bacteriocin ...
Arbuckle K - - 2010
Snakes are increasingly kept by private hobbyists and their numbers in the pet trade are increasing. Since suitable diets are essential for the health, welfare and maintenance of captive animals, objective research is required to improve and evaluate current feeding practices. Unfortunately, the husbandry of reptiles is frequently led by ...
O'Gorman Eoin J - - 2011
Functionally unique species contribute to the functional diversity of natural systems, often enhancing ecosystem functioning. An abundance of weakly interacting species increases stability in natural systems, suggesting that loss of weakly linked species may reduce stability. Any link between the functional uniqueness of a species and the strength of its ...
Branch Trevor A - - 2010
Biodiversity indicators provide a vital window on the state of the planet, guiding policy development and management. The most widely adopted marine indicator is mean trophic level (MTL) from catches, intended to detect shifts from high-trophic-level predators to low-trophic-level invertebrates and plankton-feeders. This indicator underpins reported trends in human impacts, ...
Hawlena Dror - - 2010
We present a framework to explain how prey stress responses to predation can resolve context dependency in ecosystem properties and functions such as food chain length, secondary production, elemental stoichiometry, and cycling. We first describe the major nonspecific physiological stress mechanisms and their ecologically relevant consequences. We next synthesize the ...
Choy Emily S - - 2010
At Cape Vera, Devon Island (Nunavut, Canada), a colony of northern fulmars (Fulmarus glacialis) concentrates and releases contaminants through their guano to the environment. We determined whether persistent organic pollutants (POPs) from seabirds were transferred to coastal food webs. Snow buntings (Plectrophenax nivalis) were the most contaminated species, with ∑PCB ...
Krebs Charles J - - 2011
Two population oscillations dominate terrestrial community dynamics in northern Canada. In the boreal forest, the snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus) fluctuates in cycles with an 8-10 year periodicity and in tundra regions lemmings typically fluctuate in cycles with a 3-4 year periodicity. I review 60 years of research that has uncovered ...
Madin Elizabeth M P - - 2010
Fishing has clear direct effects on harvested species, but its cascading, indirect effects are less well understood. Fishing disproportionately removes larger, predatory fishes from marine food webs. Most studies of the consequent indirect effects focus on density-mediated interactions where predator removal alternately drives increases and decreases in abundances of successively ...
Lavoie Raphael A - - 2010
Even at low concentrations in the environment, mercury has the potential to biomagnify in food chains and reaches levels of concern in apex predators. The aim of this study was to relate the transfer of total mercury (THg) and methylmercury (MeHg) in a Gulf of St. Lawrence food web to ...
Hoekman David - - 2011
The relative importance of resources (bottom-up forces) and natural enemies (top-down forces) for regulating food web dynamics has been debated, and both forces have been found to be critical for determining food web structure. How the relative importance of top-down and bottom-up forces varies between sites with different abiotic conditions ...
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