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Harris Toni S TS Department of Psychology, Virginia State University, P.O. Box 9079, Virginia 23806, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The current study examined how African American fathers' dietary practices were associated with their children's dietary consumption. The sample consisted of one hundred and two African American fathers, who had children between the ages of three and thirteen. The fathers provided self-reports of their consumption of fruits, vegetables, and sugar ...
Iwasaki Yuko Y a Research & Development Division , Kagome Co. Ltd. , Nasushiobara-shi , - - 2014
Measurements of the second-order rate constants and the singlet oxygen absorption capacity (SOAC) values for the reaction of singlet oxygen ((1)O2) with 23 kinds of food extracts were performed in ethanol/chloroform/D2O (50:50:1, v/v/v) solution at 35 °C. It has been clarified that the SOAC method is useful to evaluate the (1)O2-quenching ...
Feckler Alexander A Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Koblenz-Landau, Fortstrasse 7, 76829 Landau, Germany; Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Lennart Hjelms väg 9, 75007 Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Interactions with environmental parameters may alter the ecotoxicity of nanoparticles. The present study therefore assessed the (in)direct effects of nanoparticulate titanium dioxide (nano-TiO2) towards Gammarus fossarum, considering nano-TiO2's photocatalytic properties at ambient UV-intensities. Gammarids' habitat selection was investigated using its feeding preference on leaf discs either exposed to or protected ...
Pot G K GK 1] Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences Division, King's College London, London, UK [2] MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Cambridge, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:As populations are ageing, more emphasis is placed on healthy ageing. Over the past decades, food consumption patterns and food availability have also changed drastically, and therefore this study aimed to describe these changes in an ageing population.Subjects/Methods:Food consumption of participants from the Medical Research Council National Survey on Health ...
Chopra Lipsy L Biochemical Engineering Research and Process Development Centre, CSIR-Institute of Microbial Technology, Sector-39A, Chandigarh 160036, - - 2014
Media composition and environmental conditions were optimized using statistical tools, Plackett Burman design and response surface methodology, to maximize the yield of a bacteriocin, named as sonorensin, from a new marine isolate Bacillus sonorensis MT93 showing broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity. Under optimized conditions, MT93 produced 15-fold higher yield of ...
Bao Wei W Epidemiology Branch, Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, 6100 Executive Blvd, Rockville, MD, 20852, - - 2014
Fried foods are frequently consumed in Western countries. However, the health effects of frequent fried food consumption in humans are not well understood. We aimed to prospectively examine the association between pre-pregnancy fried food consumption and risk of incident gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We included 21,079 singleton pregnancies from 15,027 ...
Zhang Yu-Mo YM State Key Laboratory of Supramolecular Structure and Materials, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, 2699 Qianjin Street, Changchun, Jilin 130012, P.R. China. seanzhang@jlu.edu.cn - - 2014
Inspired by the enol-degradation of luciferin, a new oxygen sensor with oppositely changed color and fluorescence has been designed. This new reaction-based dual mode sensor can not only be used as a highly selective instant "fluorescence on" oxygen probe, but also as a freshness indicator of food or food materials ...
Giacosa Attilio A a Department of Surgery , University of - - 2014
ABSTRACT The relation between alcohol consumption and mortality is a J-shaped curve in most of the many studies published on this topic. The Copenhagen Prospective Population Studies demonstrated in the year 2000 that wine intake may have a beneficial effect on all cause mortality that is additive to that of ...
Yin Jun J School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou 310012, China; Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Solid Waste Treatment and Recycling, Hangzhou 310012, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food waste (FW) was pretreated by a hydrothermal method and then fermented for volatile fatty acid (VFAs) production. The soluble substance in FW increased after hydrothermal pretreatment (⩽200°C). Higher hydrothermal temperature would lead to mineralization of the organic compounds. The optimal temperature for organic dissolution was 180°C, at which FW ...
Pavlaki Maria D MD Department of Biology & CESAM - Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
In aquatic ecosystems several stressors may act together and affect the life traits of organisms. Pesticide runoffs are usually associated with high inputs of organic matter and depletion of oxygen in aquatic systems. This study aimed at combining anthropogenic stress (chemicals) and natural stress (food availability) and evaluates their joint ...
Marangon Paula Beatriz PB Department of Physiology, School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Besides its action in the control of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis, corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF) has been described as an anorexigenic neuropeptide, modulating food intake and energy expenditure. It was shown that CRF synthesis is influenced by leptin, which would act increasing CRF neuron activation in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Gonadal hormones ...
Li H H Jiangsu Engineering Technology Research Center of Meat Sheep & Goat Industry, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China; Jiangsu Livestock Embryo Engineering Laboratory, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, - - 2014
RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3), the mammalian ortholog of gonadotropin-inhibiting hormone, has been implicated as a mediator between reproduction and energy balance. This study aimed to investigate the physiological effects of RFRP-3 on the process of ovarian development in food-restricted pre-pubertal ewes. The results showed that food restriction significantly inhibited the ovarian ...
Herrid M M University of New England, Armidale, Australia. - - 2014
The hormone leptin, which is thought to be primarily produced by adipose tissue, is a polypeptide that was initially characterized by its ability to regulate food intake and energy metabolism. Leptin appears to signal the status of body energy stores to the brain, resulting in the regulation of food intake ...
Zahedi Hoda H Obesity and Eating Habits Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular-Cellular Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
The consumption of high energy and low nutritional content foods, which are known as junk foods, has increased. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between junk food intake and mental health in a national sample of Iranian children and adolescents. Data were obtained from a surveillance system ...
Akieda-Asai Sayaka S 1University of - - 2014
CCK and leptin are anorectic hormones produced in the small intestine and white adipose tissue, respectively. Investigating how these hormones act together as an integrated anorectic signal is important for elucidating the mechanisms by which energy balance is maintained. We found here that coadministration of subthreshold CCK and leptin, which ...
Arellanes-Licea Elvira Del Carmen ED Departamento de Neurobiología Celular y Molecular, Instituto de Neurobiología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Campus Juriquilla, Querétaro, Qro, 76230, - - 2014
Daytime restricted feeding promotes the re-alignment of the food entrained oscillator (FEO). Endocrine cues whose secretion is regulated by the transition of fasting and feeding cycles converge in the FEO. The present study aimed to investigate ghrelin, GH and IGF-1 system, since their release depends on rhythmic and nutritional factors, ...
Kotagale Nandkishor R NR Division of Neuroscience, Department of Pharmacology, Shrimati Kishoritai Bhoyar College of Pharmacy, New Kamptee, Nagpur 441 002, MS, - - 2014
The potent orexigenic peptide neuropeptide Y (NPY) has been considered as a possible endogenous ligand for a subpopulation of sigma receptors (SigR). However, their mutual interaction with reference to feeding behavior remains poorly understood. In the present study, we explored the possible interaction between sigma1 receptors (Sig1R) agonist, pentazocine, and ...
White Jordan T JT Department of Biology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, USA; Department of Biology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article is part of a Special Issue "Energy Balance". Natural populations display a variety of reproductive responses to environmental cues, but the underlying physiology that causes these responses is largely unknown. This study tested the hypothesis that heritable variation in reproductive traits can be described by heritable variation in ...
Ladyman Sharon R SR S Ladyman, Department of Anatomy, and Centre for Neuroendocrinology, University of Otago, Dunedin, 9054, New - - 2014
Among the numerous physiological changes that accompany lactation is the suppression of the reproductive axis. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible role for the kisspeptin system in the restoration of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis during late lactation in rats, using a food restriction model that allows manipulation ...
Kocho-Schellenberg Margaret M Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, - - 2014
Recent gene association studies have implicated pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) systems in several psychiatric disorders associated with stressor exposure, and we have argued that many of the behavioral consequences of repeated stressor exposure may depend on the expression of PACAP in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST). ...
Sobrino Crespo Carmen C Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Unit, Department of Systems Biology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alcalá , Alcalá de Henares , - - 2014
The mechanisms for controlling food intake involve mainly an interplay between gut, brain, and adipose tissue (AT), among the major organs. Parasympathetic, sympathetic, and other systems are required for communication between the brain satiety center, gut, and AT. These neuronal circuits include a variety of peptides and hormones, being ghrelin ...
Schnettler Berta B Departamento de Producción Agropecuaria. Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias y Forestales. Universidad de La Frontera. Temuco. Chile.. - - 2014
To characterize university students typologies according to chronic food restriction, satisfaction with life and food consumption. A questionnaire was applied on a non-probability sample of 369 male and female students from five Chilean universities. The questionnaire included: Revised Restraint Scale (RRS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life ...
Sheraz Muhammad Ali MA Baqai Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Baqai Medical University, 51, Deh Tor, Toll Plaza, Super Highway, Gadap Road, Karachi 74600, - - 2014
Riboflavin (RF), also known as vitamin B2, belongs to the class of water-soluble vitamins and is widely present in a variety of food products. It is sensitive to light and high temperature, and therefore, needs a consideration of these factors for its stability in food products and pharmaceutical preparations. A ...
Anyzewska Anna - - 2014
Nitrates and nitrites commonly occur throughout nature as well as in foodstuffs. Their excess consumption can however pose health risks, for example, arising from methaemoglobinaemia or from the formation of N-nitrosamines. To determine whether the levels of domestic nitrate and nitrite consumption are safe in Polish households during 2006-2012. Appropriate ...
Kim Eun Ran ER Division of Endocrinology & Metabolic Disease, Department of Physiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, - - 2013
Xenin is a gut hormone that reduces food intake partly by acting through the hypothalamus. However, the mechanism of hypothalamic xenin action is not fully understood. To identify xenin-regulated genes in the hypothalamus, we compared expression levels of metabolism-related genes in the hypothalamus between saline-treated control and xenin-treated mice. Intraperitoneal ...
Rak-Mardyla A A Department of Physiology and Toxicology of Reproduction, Chair of Animal Physiology, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland. - - 2013
Based on the available data, it was shown that ghrelin is involved in a series of physiological processes such as regulation of food intake, body weight, and cardiovascular or immune function. Recent studies have shown that ghrelin also plays an important role in the regulation of female reproduction. Information exists ...
Schmidt Kim L - - 2013
Variation in early environmental conditions can have long-term effects on physiology and behaviour, a process referred to as developmental programming. In particular, exposure to early-life stressors can have long-term effects on regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axes. Although these effects have been well documented in mammals, less ...
Brunetti Luigi - - 2013
Chemerin is a recently identified adipokine that is involved in the regulation of adipogenesis, energy metabolism, and inflammation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of chemerin on food intake, body weight and hypothalamic peptidergic and aminergic modulators which play a pivotal role in feeding regulation ...
Gobush K S - - 2013
We validate fecal glucocorticoid (GC) and thyroid (T3) hormone metabolite measures in the Critically Endangered Hawaiian monk seal for the first time, and examine variation in the concentrations of these hormones in individuals across the species' range. We test hypotheses that monk seals from declining subpopulations have relatively high GCs ...
Lucas Nicolas - - 2013
Anti-α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) polyclonal antibodies have been used for α-MSH neutralization in functional studies, but the results are sometime inconsistent with the antibody expected blocking properties. The present study aimed to determine if rabbit (Rb) anti-α-MSH immunoglobulins (Ig) may inhibit or enhance α-MSH signaling on melanocortin receptor type 4 (MC4R) ...
Yoshimura Mitsuhiro - - 2013
We examined the effects of serotonin (5-HT) depletion induced by peripheral injection of 5-HT synthesis inhibitor p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA) on the expression of feeding-regulating peptides expressions by using in situ hybridization histochemistry in adult male Wistar rats. PCPA pretreatment had no significant effect on basal levels of oxytocin, corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), ...
Bridges Nicola - - 2013
Prader Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic condition caused by loss of the paternal copy of a region of imprinted genes on chromosome 15. There is severe muscular hypotonia in the neonatal period, with the onset of hyperphagia and food-seeking behaviour in childhood. All individuals with PWS have developmental delay. ...
Eguizábal Gabina V - - 2013
One of the current standard approaches to the study of animal welfare is measuring hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal activity, frequently in association with behavioral assessment. We studied the effects of food-based environmental enrichment on adrenocortical activity and behavior in zoo-housed collared anteaters (Tamandua tetradactyla; n = 5). We successfully validated measurements of fecal cortisol metabolites ...
Tuziak Sarah M - - 2013
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is classically known for its role in regulating teleost fish skin color change for environmental adaptation. Recent evidence suggests that MCH also has appetite-stimulating properties. The gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) peptide family has dual roles in endocrine control of reproduction and energy status in fish. Atlantic cod (Gadus ...
Keogh Kat - - 2013
Food should be given the same status as medicine in the battle against malnutrition and dehydration in hospitals, according to the National Nurses Nutrition Group (NNNG).
Lawson Elizabeth A EA Neuroendocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, Bulfinch 457-D, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, - - 2013
Corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH)-mediated hypercortisolemia has been demonstrated in anorexia nervosa (AN), a psychiatric disorder characterized by food restriction despite low body weight. While CRH is anorexigenic, downstream cortisol stimulates hunger. Using a food-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) paradigm, we have demonstrated hypoactivation of brain regions involved in food motivation ...
Skibicka Karolina P - - 2013
A number of appetite-regulating gut hormones alter behaviors linked to reward, anxiety/mood, memory and cognitive function, although for some of these (notably GLP-1 and CCK) the endogenous signal may be CNS-derived. From a physiological perspective it seems likely that these hormones, whose secretion is altered by nutritional status and by ...
Duan M M State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, P. R. China; Key Laboratory of Biodiversity and Conservation of Aquatic Organisms, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, P. R. - - 2013
The competitive ability and habitat selection of juvenile all-fish GH-transgenic common carp Cyprinus carpio and their size-matched non-transgenic conspecifics, in the absence and presence of predation risk, under different food distributions, were compared. Unequal-competitor ideal-free-distribution analysis showed that a larger proportion of transgenic C. carpio fed within the system, although ...
Rui Liangyou - - 2013
Body weight is determined by a balance between food intake and energy expenditure. Multiple neural circuits in the brain have evolved to process information about food, food-related cues and food consumption to control feeding behavior. Numerous gastrointestinal endocrine cells produce and secrete satiety hormones in response to food consumption and ...
Begg Denovan P - - 2013
Many questions must be considered with regard to consuming food, including when to eat, what to eat and how much to eat. Although eating is often thought to be a homeostatic behaviour, little evidence exists to suggest that eating is an automatic response to an acute shortage of energy. Instead, ...
Machado Tania Diniz - - 2013
Abstract Chronic stress increases anxiety and encourages intake of palatable foods as "comfort foods". This effect seems to be mediated by altered function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. In the current study, litters of Wistar rats were subjected to limited access to nesting material (Early-Life Stress group - ELS) or standard ...
Zhao K K Research & Development, Department of Veterans Affairs, Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, Los Angeles, CA 90073, - - 2013
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), a neuropeptide contained in neural terminals innervating brainstem vagal motor neurons, enhances vagal outflow to modify multisystemic visceral functions and food intake. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity are accompanied by impaired vagal functioning. We examined the possibility that impaired brainstem TRH action may contribute to the ...
Bazhan Nadezhda - - 2013
The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide with serious consequences such as diabetes mellitus type 2 and cardiovascular diseases. Emotional stress is considered to be one of the main reasons of obesity development in humans. However, there are some contradictory results, which should be addressed. First of all stress induces ...
Zhong Chengrong - - 2013
In fish, food intake and feeding behavior are crucial for survival, competition, growth and reproduction. Growth hormone (GH)-transgenic common carp exhibit an enhanced growth rate, increased food intake and higher feed conversion rate. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of feeding regulation in GH-transgenic (TG) fish are not clear. In this ...
Thiry Celine - - 2013
Most European people have selenium (Se) intake inferior to recommended values that are considered necessary to ensure the beneficial action of antioxidant selenoproteins. People could therefore tend to have recourse to Se-enriched food supplements (FS) aiming to increase their Se body level. On the Belgian market, three main types of ...
Steinert R E - - 2013
Nutrient ingestion triggers numerous changes in gastrointestinal (GI) peptide hormone secretion that affect appetite and eating. Evidence for these effects comes from research in laboratory animals, healthy humans, and, increasingly, obese patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, which has marked effects on GI hormone function and is currently the ...
Monteleone Palmiero P Department of Psychiatry, University of Naples SUN, Naples, Italy. - - 2013
Hedonic eating differentiates from homeostatic eating on two main aspects: the first one is that eating occurs when there is no need for calorie ingestion and the second one is that the food is consumed exclusively for its gustatory and rewarding properties. Gastroeneteric hormones such as ghrelin, colecystokinin-33 (CCK) and ...
Yosten Gina L C - - 2013
Food intake is a complex, multifaceted process that involves the integration of numerous nutritional signals and behavioral outputs. Dozens of centrally acting peptide hormones that contribute to the control of appetite and food intake have been identified. Two recently described peptide hormones, neuronostatin and nesfatin-1, both act in the brain ...
Matsuda Kouhei - - 2013
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is a hypothalamic neuropeptide belonging to a family of neuropeptides that includes urocortins, urotensin I, and sauvagine in vertebrates. CRH and urocortin act as anorexigenic factors for satiety regulation in fish. In a goldfish model, intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of CRH has been shown to affect not only ...
Cahill Shaina - - 2013
Seasonal fluctuations in food availability show a tight association with seasonal variations in body weight and food intake. Seasonal variations in food intake, energy storage, and expenditure appear to be a widespread phenomenon suggesting they may have evolved in anticipation for changing environmental demands. These cycles appear to be driven ...
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