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Results 401 - 450 of 639
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Nunes M P - - 1991
A serological survey for canine visceral (VL) and American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) has been carried out during 1984-1989, to assess the effects of the prophylactic measures adopted in areas where there was a risk of transmission of the diseases in Rio de Janeiro. A previous serological survey (1982/83) had detected ...
Pak C Y - - 1991
The effect of meals on the physiological and physicochemical actions of potassium citrate was examined in 8 patients with nephrolithiasis maintained on a constant metabolic dietary regimen. Potassium citrate (20 mEq. 3 times per day), whether given with food or on an empty stomach, significantly increased urinary pH, citrate and ...
Merki H S - - 1991
The antisecretory effects of H2-receptor antagonists are limited by food ingestion. The contributions of the cephalic-vagal and gastrinergic mechanisms to this interaction were examined in two 14-hour randomized, cross-over studies in 24 healthy volunteers. In the first study, either ranitidine or placebo was administered IV by a pH-feedback-controlled infusion pump ...
Christian P E - - 1991
Reports on the existence of a lag phase before solid-food gastric emptying are conflicting. We studied solid-phase gastric emptying in ten normal-weight male subjects using two opposed cameras and continuous monitoring. Each ingested a 300-g meal containing 99mTc-labeled liver pate. Identical computer-interfaced cameras continuously monitored gastric activity from anterior and ...
Sagar P M - - 1991
The hypothesis tested was that myectomy of the distal ileum would produce a long-lasting decrease in ileal motility, and so render single-lumen ileum more suitable for use as a rectal substitute in the course of restorative proctocolectomy, without the need for a pelvic ileal reservoir. Ileal motility, both spontaneous and ...
Levi A C - - 1991
Morphofunctional alterations to the intestinal mucosa are influenced by three main factors: food, bilio-pancreatic secretions, intestinal hormones. In order to assess the importance of each one, histological and histochemical tests were performed on different segments of intestine taken from rats which were sacrificed one month after the following procedure: gastrojejunal ...
Honcharik N - - 1991
The high lipophilicity of cyclosporine A (CsA) and the importance of bile for its absorption suggest that food may alter the absorption of CsA. Food has been reported to have varied effects on the absorption of CsA. Study methodology may explain the conflicting reports. Factors which were not well controlled ...
Ewe K - - 1991
Enteric-coated tablets leave the stomach mainly during the interdigestive phase. Composition as well as time of ingestion of meals may influence their gastric emptying considerably. In 12 normal volunteers gastric emptying of a plastic tablet with a metal core was followed by a metal detector in relation to different compositions ...
Tamm A - - 1991
A representative sample of an adult population, earlier examined by gastroscopic biopsy, was subjected to correlation and regression analyses to quantitate the influences of different factors on the development of three dyspeptic complaints. In this study a large part of the complaints were incriminated by the subjects to poor tolerance ...
Meier R - - 1990
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of cholecystokinin in the regulation of postprandial pancreatic polypeptide secretion in humans. The pancreatic polypeptide responses to modified sham feeding and gastric instillation of a test meal were first compared with the response to oral ingestion of the same meal. ...
Nightingale J M - - 1990
24 h oral intake and intestinal output were studied in 15 patients with a short residual length of jejunum and no colon. 8 patients showed a net secretory, and 7 a net absorptive response to food. In secretors, daily intestinal output exceeded oral intake (mean 2.3 kg wet weight, and ...
La Vecchia C - - 1990
The relationship between preference for food temperature and the risk of stomach cancer was analysed using data from a case-control study conducted in Northern Italy on 563 histologically confirmed incident gastric cancers and 1,501 controls admitted to hospital for acute, non-neoplastic, non-digestive tract disorders. A specific question was related to ...
Kenler H A - - 1990
Postoperative changes in eight dietary variables were compared at 6-mo intervals over 24 mo in 53 horizontal-gastroplasty (HGP) and 51 Roux-en-Y gastric-bypass (RYGB) patients; the variables included 1) calorie intake; percent intake of 2) protein, 3) carbohydrate, and 4) fat; 5) sweets and high-calorie beverages (SWS) and 6) milk and ...
Szmukler G I - - 1990
To determine the natural history of delayed gastric emptying of solid foods in anorexia nervosa (AN), gastric emptying was assessed by scintigraphy in 20 consecutive inpatients; eight had restrictive AN, ten had both AN and bulimia nervosa (BN), and two BN alone. Initial gastric half-emptying time (HET) exceeded 110 min ...
Goldschmiedt M - - 1990
Although food additives may have a significant impact on the marketing and acceptability of food and may occasionally lead to side effects, the effect of these additives on the digestive process in humans is unknown. We evaluated whether adding coloring or monosodium glutamate to food increases the cephalic phase of ...
Horowitz M - - 1990
Recent studies suggest that dexfenfluramine (D-fenfluramine), because of its pure serotonergic effect, may be a more potent anti-obesity agent, associated with fewer side-effects than the racemate DL-fenfluramine. The effect of dexfenfluramine on gastric emptying of a mixed solid and liquid meal was assessed with a double-isotope scintigraphic technique in eleven ...
Bolvig L - - 1990
In ten healthy subjects final gastric emptying of solid food was measured by a new scintigraphic method, employing 99mTc labelled pellets, and compared to a radiologic method, employing food with incorporated barium suspension. Final gastric emptying of solid food, measured by the scintigraphic technique, was 5.2 hours and with the ...
Sarna S K - - 1990
We studied the effects of morphine and loperamide on small bowel myoelectric and contractile activity in 12 conscious dogs. After initially producing premature migrating myoelectric complexes, both substances destabilized and obliterated electrical control activity (ECA). The obliteration of ECA occurred mainly in the proximal half of the small intestine. During ...
Hunter T B - - 1990
There are no strict clinical or radiographic criteria that consistently indicate imminent strangulation in cases of small bowel obstruction. An intestinal obstruction with vascular compromise produces a marked retention of food, fluid, or contrast material in the stomach and duodenum, while an obstruction without vascular problems may show no change ...
Krawielitzki K - - 1990
In an experiment with 3 pigs (initial live weight 30 kg, each fitted with 2 re-entrant fistulas in duodenum and ileum, one labelled with 15N), the duodenal and ileum digesta was exchanged. The N and 15N contents were estimated in faeces, urine, duodenal and ileum digesta of all experimental animals ...
Graham S - - 1990
We examined the nutritional epidemiology of gastric cancer in 293 cases and neighborhood-, age-, and sex-matched controls in communities throughout the counties of Niagara, Monroe, and Erie in western New York. The interview was highly detailed, requiring two and one-half hours to complete; it attempted to provide an estimate of ...
Sepple C P - - 1989
Experiments were carried out on ten healthy male volunteers to investigate the relationship between the return of hunger after a meal and gastric emptying, blood glucose levels and small intestinal motor patterns. There was a significant correlation between the postprandial increase in hunger ratings and the time for 90% of ...
Fich A - - 1989
We report here a novel motor phenomenon that we recorded from the canine terminal ileum in the postprandial period. In chronic models that allowed us to monitor myoelectrical activity and intraluminal pressure from the jejunum and distal ileum, we regularly saw in the ileum, but not in the jejunum, a ...
Bégin F - - 1989
The effects of purified and semipurified dietary fiber supplements on glycemia and insulinemia were measured simultaneously with their effects on digestive tract function in the rat. An insoluble fiber (cellulose) and four soluble fibers (guar gum, carboxymethylcellulose, mustard mucilage, and oat beta-glucan) were added separately to a fiber-free solid diet ...
Pappas T N - - 1989
Gastric distension is thought to produce satiety, but whether this effect is seen during physiologic distension by food is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether levels of gastric distension seen during a meal have a satiety effect and whether the nutrient value of the meal was ...
Asamura H - - 1989
A case of simultaneous carcinomas of the lower thoracic esophagus and the oropharynx in a 62-year-old man is reported. Reconstruction was successfully performed using a one-stage operation consisting of pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy followed by a combination of gastric pull-up and microvascular jejunal transfer procedures. The postoperative course was uneventful except for regurgitation ...
Batt R M - - 1989
The effects of canine gastric and pancreatic intrinsic factors on uptake and subcellular localization of cobalamin have been investigated in vivo to determine whether these proteins could mediate the physiological absorption of cobalamin in the dog. Cyano [57Co]cobalamin was introduced into ileal loops in dogs under general anesthesia, either free ...
Magee D F - - 1989
It can, I believe, be argued in summary that pentagastrin-stimulated acid and pepsin secretion from innervated or denervated fundic mucosa is inhibited by doses of epinephrine and isoproterenol that produce an unequivocal cardiac stimulation, but this cannot be said of either histamine-, bethanechol-, or methacholine-, or food-stimulated secretion. There is ...
Flourie B - - 1989
To further characterize colonic motility in the dog and to examine the effects of intraluminal contents, motor activity in conscious animals was recorded by perfused intraluminal catheters. Animals were studied first with the bowel intact and, later, the colon was fashioned into an isolated loop. In the fasting state, cycles ...
Wiedermann C J - - 1989
Bombesin-like peptides (BN-LP) are involved in the regulation of many important functions, including sensory transmission, regulation of central autonomic pathways, thermoregulation, pituitary, gastric and pancreatic secretion, food intake and satiety. They also stimulate cellular proliferation in a developmental and tissue-specific manner. Their role in pathogenesis appears to be related to ...
Springall R G - - 1989
Attempts have previously been made to reduce adhesion formation by promoting early intestinal motility. The prokinetic agent Cisapride was used in an animal model of end-to-end large bowel anastomoses. Twenty Wistar rats receiving Cisapride 1 mg/kg subcutaneously (sc) twice daily for two days post-operatively were compared with 20 controls receiving ...
Beroza G A - - 1989
A device and technique for intra-operative gastro-intestinal lavage was developed to remove ingesta from the stomach, large intestine and caecum of horses. The Gastro-Intestinal Lavage System (GILS) is composed of a nozzle connected to both water under pressure and suction. Water jets across an intake portal in the nozzle, breaks ...
Ensinck J W - - 1989
Prosomatostatin (pro-S) and its bioactive posttranslational products, somatostatin-14 (S-14), somatostatin-13 (S-13), and somatostatin-28 (S-28), were measured in human plasma by the use of immunoglobulins to the NH2-terminus of S-28 conjugated with agarose to separate them and, thereafter, by RIA with an antiserum recognizing the COOH-terminus of pro-S, and by specific ...
Calabuig R - - 1989
Bezoars are conglomerates of undigested material in the stomach, which appear as a late complication of gastric surgery and are presumably related to secondary motility changes. We studied the gastric emptying of a technetium-99m-(Tc 99m) labelled solid meal in 10 patients who presented with a bezoar 1 to 20 years ...
Malbert C H - - 1989
In the hay-fed sheep, gastric (abomasal) contents are delivered continuously into the duodenal bulb at a mean flow rate of 210 ml per hour. The pylorus could behave as the site of origin of a feedback satiety signal by acting as a distal stomach sphincter limiting the abomasal emptying rate. ...
Peace K - - 1989
A sample of 36 patients who had undergone gastric reduction surgery for severe obesity was seen postoperatively and psychobiological changes assessed. Subjects reported substantial weight losses with reduced food intake and normalisation of eating habits. In the majority of patients positive changes had occurred in attitudes and improvements were found ...
Devi K N - - 1989
The midgut of C. (G.) truncata accounts for half of the postgastric intestinal tract. The paired anterior midgut caeca arise just behind the pyloric stomach, on either side of the midgut. The unpaired posterior midgut caecum arises dorsally at the rear end of the midgut, where this joins the hindgut. ...
Malesci A - - 1989
In order to investigate the intestinal phase of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) release, the hormonal response to food and cerulein was measured in 19 patients with truncal vagotomy and total gastrectomy (10 with simple esophagojejunal anastomosis and 9 with an additional duodenojejunal anastomosis) and in 7 healthy subjects. After gastrectomy, the ...
Wilson R P - - 1989
1. Retention times of food in stomachs of breeding and non-breeding African pengiuns (Spheniscus demersus) were examined. 2. Rates of gastric emptying in non-breeding birds were linearly related to the mass of food in the stomach. 3. Breeding birds returned to the nest with more food in their stomachs when ...
Bado A - - 1989
The brain and gut peptide bombesin has been reported both to stimulate gastric secretion and to induce satiety. To understand how the peripheral administration of bombesin affects food intake and whether gastric mechanisms are involved, a comparative study of the doses of bombesin active on gastric secretion, gastric emptying, and ...
Conover K L - - 1989
If gastric emptying plays a significant role in the satiety produced by exogenous cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) then 1) the effects on emptying and feeding should share similar kinetics and 2) peptides that inhibit emptying should also inhibit feeding. In the first experiment, CCK-8 (5.6 micrograms/kg) injected immediately before the introduction ...
Schurdak M E - - 1989
Gastric evacuation of the juvenile lemon shark, Negaprion brevirostris, a tropical inshore apex predator, was studied in the laboratory under conditions of 25 degrees C and 32% salinity. Sharks were starved for 48-96 h after which they were fed a 2.7% body weight meal of fish fillet. Gastric evacuation was ...
Verbalis J G - - 1988
Previous reports have demonstrated that systemic injection of cholecystokinin (CCK) in rats produces dose-related decreases in food intake, increases in neurohypophyseal secretion of oxytocin (OT), and decreases in gastric emptying. The present studies determined whether systemic injection of bombesin (BBS), another peptide that potently reduces food intake in rats, had ...
Palermo F - - 1988
Of 29 Billroth II gastrojejunostomy patients studied by scintigraphy, 11 were dumpers and 18 were non-dumpers; of 20 controls, 11 were patients with different gastric complaints and 9 volunteers with no history of gastrointestinal pathology. The tracer used was human albumin microspheres labelled with 99mTc, mixed thoroughly with a fresh ...
Washington N - - 1988
The gastric distribution and residence time of a new pectin-containing formulation, FF5005 (Farma Food A/S, Denmark), was investigated by using the technique of gamma scintigraphy in six healthy volunteers after administration with a radiolabelled meal. The formulation and test meal were radiolabelled with indium-113m and technetium-99m, respectively, and the formulation ...
Takagi T - - 1988
Celiac and superior mesenteric arterial blood flows were measured simultaneously in conscious beagle dogs. The responses to food were completely different between the two arteries. Celiac flow increased quickly to 180-200% of the control 2 min after food but started to decline rapidly to preprandial levels, though greater than 90% ...
Geliebter A - - 1988
A study was conducted to determine the effects of various levels of gastric distension on spontaneous meal intake. A balloon was inserted into the stomach of four lean and four obese subjects before consumption of a lunch meal. On different days the balloon was filled with 0, 200, 400, 600, ...
Schlemmer K H - - 1988
In an ex-vivo study, nitrosation of bromhexine (N-methyl-N-cyclohexyl-(2-amino-3,5-dibromobenzyl)-ammonium hydrochloride) in human gastric fluid under conditions of high dietary nitrate intake was investigated. 26 healthy volunteers received 200 mg of nitrate in a vegetable during a standard breakfast. Nitrite values in saliva were significantly increased 2 to 3 h after nitrate ...
Kaniwa N - - 1988
Enteric-coated granules with different densities and tablets of different sizes were prepared in order to study the effect of these physical properties of dosage forms on the gastric emptying rates in humans. The effect of food on the gastric emptying rate was also studied. Aspirin contained in an enteric-coated product ...
Bengele H H - - 1988
The purpose of these experiments was to evaluate the effect of acute respiratory alkalosis (ARA) and chronic bicarbonate drinking (CBD) on inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) acidification. Microcatheterization was used to measure pH and PCO2, and samples were simultaneously obtained for measurement of bicarbonate, titratable acid (TA), and ammonium. In ...
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