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Bilukha Oleg O - - 2014
As a result of civil war, an estimated 2.8 million refugees have fled Syria and reside in neighboring countries, mainly Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan, and Iraq. The largest Syrian refugee camp in the region is Zaatari camp in Jordan, with approximately 79,000 refugees; another estimated 500,000 Syrian refugees live in Jordanian ...
Di Noia Jennifer J Department of Sociology, William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ, USA. - - 2014
To evaluate the effects on fruit and vegetable (FV) intake of a camp-based intervention to improve the food environment. The intervention was evaluated in a variant of the recurrent institutional cycle design in a sample of 311 youth aged 7 to 13 years. FV intake and targeted environmental variables were ...
Schmitt Christoph K CK Institut für Festkörperphysik, TU Darmstadt, Hochschulstraße 6, 64289 Darmstadt, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
We study the effects of introducing a competing species into a 3-species model for the population dynamics of sockeye salmon, thereby converting a food chain into a diamond module. We find that this often leads to the disappearance of the 4-year oscillation of sockeye salmon known as cyclic dominance when ...
Holubová M M Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, AS CR, Prague, Czech Republic; Third Department of Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech - - 2014
The only peripherally released orexigenic hormone, ghrelin, plays a key role in food intake and body weight regulation. Antagonizing the ghrelin receptor, GHS-R1a, represents a promising approach for anti-obesity therapy. In our study, two novel GHS-R1a antagonists JMV4208 and JMV3002, which are trisubstituted 1,2,4-triazoles, decreased food intake in fasted lean ...
De Santis Michael M Antipsychotic Research Laboratory, Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, 2522, NSW, Australia; Centre for Translational Neuroscience, School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, 2522, NSW, - - 2014
Following on the success of Aripiprazole with its high clinical efficacy and minimal side-effects, further antipsychotic drugs (such as Bifeprunox) have been developed based on the same dopamine D2 partial agonist pharmacological profile as Aripiprazole. However clinical trials of Bifeprunox have found differing results to that of its predecessor, without ...
Kong Angela A University of Illinois Cancer Center, Chicago; Institute for Health Research and Policy, Chicago. Electronic address: - - 2014
Beginning in 2009, the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) revised its food packages and provided more whole grains, fruits, and vegetables and fewer foods with high saturated fat content. However, knowledge of the impact of this policy shift on the diets of WIC participants remains ...
Peters John C JC Anschutz Health and Wellness Center, 12348 E. Montview Blvd., MailStop C263, Aurora, CO 80045; University of Colorado Denver, Anschutz Medical Campus, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, P.O. Box 6511-MS 8106, 12801 E. 17(th) Ave., RC1 South Rm 7103, Aurora, CO - - 2014
Most adults consume more fat and saturated fat than is recommended in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Strategies are needed to encourage consumption of lower-fat foods. We set out to examine whether adding herbs and spices to reduced fat and reduced saturated fat foods would improve the consumer liking of ...
Scheid Jennifer L JL Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical - - 2014
Food reinforcement (RRVfood) is related to increased energy intake, cross-sectionally related to obesity, and prospectively related to weight gain. The fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene is related to elevated body mass index and increased energy intake. The primary purpose of the current study was to determine whether any of ...
Gearhardt Ashley N AN University of Michigan, 2268 East Hall, 530 Church St. Ann Arbor, MI 48103. Electronic address: - - 2014
Craving and liking are related to eating-related problems, but less is known about the association of specific food characteristics (e.g., sugar, fat) with craving/linking. The relation of individual differences in eating behavior with these craving and liking patterns is also relatively unknown. We examine the nomothetic impact of sugar, fat ...
Baker P P National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Research School of Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, - - 2014
This paper elucidates the role of processed foods and beverages in the 'nutrition transition' underway in Asia. Processed foods tend to be high in nutrients associated with obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases: refined sugar, salt, saturated and trans-fats. This paper identifies the most significant 'product vectors' for these nutrients and ...
Bocarsly Miriam E ME aDepartment of Psychology, Princeton Neuroscience Institute, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey bLieber Institute for Brain Development, Baltimore, Maryland cDepartment of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida dGilead Sciences, Palo Alto, California, - - 2014
Binge eating palatable foods has been shown to have behavioral and neurochemical similarities to drug addiction. GS 455534 is a highly selective reversible aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 inhibitor that has been shown to reduce alcohol and cocaine intake in rats. Given the overlaps between binge eating and drug abuse, we examined ...
Jenkins Maxine - - 2014
This article describes an assessment of nutrition of families resident in temporary accommodation. A questionnaire and a 24-hour food diary were completed by the main care provider of each family. The findings demonstrated that adults in temporary accommodation were eating higher proportions of carbohydrates, protein, sugar and fat, and families ...
Voigt Nadine N German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke, - - 2014
Taste perception elicited by food constituents and facilitated by sensory cells in the oral cavity is important for the survival of organisms. In addition to the five basic taste modalities, sweet, umami, bitter, sour, and salty, orosensory perception of stimuli such as fat constituents is intensely investigated. Experiments in rodents ...
Smith Simon S SS Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia; Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Excess weight and obesity are factors that are strongly associated with risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA). Weight loss has been associated with improvements in clinical indicators of OSA severity; however, patients' beliefs about diet change have not been investigated. This study utilized a validated behaviour change model to estimate ...
Liese Angela D AD 1 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Center for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 915 Greene Street, Columbia, SC 29208, - - 2014
To evaluate the relative validity and reliability of the SEARCH FFQ that was modified from the Block Kids Questionnaire. Study participants completed the eighty-five-item FFQ twice plus three 24 h dietary recalls within one month. We estimated correlations between frequencies obtained from participants with the true usual intake for food ...
Dalton Michelle M Institute of Psychological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, West Yorkshire, LS2 9JT, United - - 2014
The hedonic value of food has been conceptualised as a combination of how much a food is liked and how much a food is wanted in a given moment. These psychobiological constructs help to explain choices about which foods to eat and have a primary role in how much energy ...
Upton Penney P Associate Head of Institute (Learning and Teaching), Institute of Health and Society, University of Worcester, Henwick Grove, Worcester, - - 2014
Aims:Although previous research has shown the Food Dudes Programme increases children's lunchtime fruit and vegetable consumption, research has seldom evaluated whether the intervention can decrease the consumption of high-fat and high-sugar foods. This study is the first, independent evaluation of the Food Dudes Programme to explore whether the programme could ...
Laroche Helena H HH Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, The University of Iowa, Iowa, IA, - - 2014
Concession stands at high school events are exempt from the US Department of Agriculture regulations for school foods. Concessions are generally stocked with unhealthy foods since healthy foods are believed to have lower sales and profit margins. Concession stand sales for two seasons of high school fall sports in Muscatine, ...
Wenhold Friedeburg Anna Maria - - 2014
In South Africa, noncommunicable diseases and obesity are increasing and also affect children. No validated assessment tools for fat intake are available. To determine test-retest reliability and relative validity of a pictorial modified meats, eggs, dairy, fried foods, fats in baked goods, convenience foods, table fats, and snacks (MEDFICTS) dietary ...
Assaf Raymen R RR Medical Student, MD/MPH Program, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida. Electronic address: - - 2014
Trans fats, also known as partially hydrogenated oils, have long been associated with cardiovascular disease. In 2003, the Food and Drug Administration mandated that trans fat content of ≥0.5 g be listed on food labeling; the next year, the World Health Organization released a recommended daily limit on trans fat ...
Sood Rishi K RK New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Queens, New York; Nassau County Department of Health, Uniondale, New York; Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. Electronic address: - - 2014
In 2007, Nassau County, New York, restricted the use of artificial trans fats in food establishments licensed by the Nassau County Department of Health (NCDH). The regulation took effect April 1, 2008. This study assesses first-time inspection compliance rates with the trans fat ban and examines barriers to enforcement. A ...
Cohen Joshua T JT Center for the Evaluation of Value and Risk in Health and the Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies at Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address: - - 2014
The goal of this commentary was to compare the benefits and costs of the US Food and Drug Administration's proposed ban on artificial trans fats in US food versus other public health risks and interventions. This analysis assessed the remaining risk posed by artificial trans fats versus other risks, comparing ...
Gupta Ruchi R Department of Genetics, University of Delhi South Campus, New Delhi 110021, - - 2014
The concern for food safety has led to an increased interest in the development of novel antimicrobials. Keeping this aim in mind, we have investigated the antifungal effect of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs LR14) produced by Lactobacillus plantarum strain LR/14 against four spoilage fungi, namely, Aspergillus niger, Rhizopus stolonifer, Mucor racemosus ...
Hatakeyama Jun J Research and Development Department, Nichirei Foods Inc., Chiba-shi, Chiba 261-0002, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reducing fat content in foods to meet consumers' preferences and to address the obesity issue is a key task for food manufacturers but simply reducing fat content affects aroma quality adversely. Measuring the aroma release from regular and low-fat samples during eating to rebalance the aroma release has proved successful ...
Martínez-Ruiz Nina R NR Sensory Evaluation Laboratory, UNIDA, Instituto Tecnológico de Veracruz, Miguel Ángel de Quevedo 2779, Col. Formando Hogar, C.P.97897, H. Veracruz, Veracruz, - - 2014
Oral sensory perception may play an important role in food preferences, driving food intake and energy balance. Fat perceived in oral cavity has been associated with satiety and homeostatic signals. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that fat oral-intensity perception may be associated with BMI, food ...
O'Connor Laura M LM MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Box 285, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between total and types of dairy product intake and risk of developing incident type 2 diabetes, using a food diary. A nested case-cohort within the EPIC-Norfolk Study was examined, including a random subcohort (n = 4,000) and cases of incident diabetes (n = 892, ...
Boutelle Kerri N KN Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego; Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego. Electronic address: - - 2014
There are a number of neurocognitive and behavioral mechanisms that contribute to overeating and obesity, including an attentional bias to food cues. Attention modification programs, which implicitly train attention away from specific cues, have been used in anxiety and substance abuse, and could logically be applied to food cues. The ...
Samuel L L Dietetics, Foods, and Nutrition, Department of Health Sciences, Lehman College, The City University of New York, 250 Bedford Park Blvd. W., Bronx, NY, 10468, USA, - - 2014
Americans' consumption of sodium, fat, and saturated fat exceed federally recommended limits for these nutrients and has been identified as a preventable leading cause of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. More than 40 % of the Bronx population comprises African-Americans, who have increased risk and earlier onset of hypertension and are also ...
Vuholm Stine - - 2014
The use of dietary fibers as fat-replacers in sausages gives less energy-dense and thereby healthier foods. Also, dietary fibers have been shown to induce satiety. The objectives of this study were to investigate if appetite sensations and energy intake was affected by (1) addition of dietary fibers to sausages, (2) ...
Walton J J School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, - - 2014
The European Commission has identified schools as a priority setting for health promotion, including nutrition education and intervention. The present study examined the school-day diet of Irish primary-school children with the aim of identifying opportunities for dietary improvement. Data from The National Children's Food Survey (2003-2004) were used to establish ...
Axel Claudia C School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Western Road, Cork, - - 2014
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) play an important role as natural preservatives in fermented food and beverage systems, reducing the application of chemical additives. Thus, investigating their antifungal compounds, such as cyclic dipeptides, has gained prominence. Previous research has primarily focussed on isolation of these compounds. However, their precise quantification will ...
Trautwein-Schult Anke A Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), Gatersleben, - - 2014
Purines of exogenous and endogenous sources are degraded to uric acid in human beings. Concentrations >6.8 mg uric acid/dl serum cause hyperuricemia and its symptoms. Pharmaceuticals and the reduction of the intake of purine-rich food are used to control uric acid levels. A novel approach to the latter proposition is ...
Boesveldt Sanne S Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands ; Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of - - 2014
The desire to consume high volumes of fat is thought to originate from an evolutionary pressure to hoard calories, and fat is among the few energy sources that we can store over a longer time period. From an ecological perspective, however, it would be beneficial to detect fat from a ...
Downs Shauna M SM 1Menzies Centre for Health Policy, University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2014
India is undergoing a shift in consumption from traditional foods to processed foods high in sugar, salt and fat. Partially hydrogenated vegetable oils (PHVOs) high in trans-fat are often used in processed foods in India given their low cost and extended shelf life. The World Health Organization has called for ...
Honfo Fernande G - - 2014
Increasing demand of shea products (kernels and butter) has led to the assessment of the state-of-the-art of these products. In this review, attention has been focused on macronutrients and micronutrients of pulp, kernels, and butter of shea tree and also the physicochemical properties of shea butter. Surveying the literature revealed ...
Frijters C T M J CT PAQUES BV, T. de Boerstraat 24, 8561 EL, Balk, The Netherlands E-mail: - - 2014
Fat-containing food waste can be effectively treated in a new type of reactor, the so-called BIOPAQ-Anaerobic Flotation Reactor or BIOPAQ(®) anaerobic flotation reactor (AFR). In the reactor a flotation unit is integrated to retain the sludge. In this study results from two plants with a 430 and 511 m(3)-AFR, respectively, ...
Hopkins Mark M 0000-0002-7655-0215 Academy of Sport and Physical Activity, Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield S10 2BP, UK ; Institute of Psychological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, - - 2014
Changes in food reward have been implicated in exercise-induced compensatory eating behaviour. However, the underlying mechanisms of food reward, and the physiological correlates of exercise-induced changes in food reward, are unknown. Methods. Forty-six overweight and obese individuals completed 12 weeks of aerobic exercise. Body composition, food intake, and fasting metabolic-related ...
Hoch Tobias T Food Chemistry Unit, Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Emil Fischer Center, Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg Erlangen, - - 2014
Snack food like potato chips substantially contributes to energy intake in humans. In contrast to basic food, snacks are consumed additionally to other meals and may thereby lead to non-homeostatic energy intake. Snack food is also frequently associated with hedonic hyperphagia, a food intake independent from hunger. Analysis of brain ...
Power S E SE JProf. Gerald F. Fitzgerald, University College Cork, Ireland, tel. +353 21 4902730, fax +353 21 4903101, email - - 2014
Objectives: To assess the dietary intakes of Irish community-dwelling elderly individuals, participating in the ELDERMET project. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Cork city and county region of southern Ireland. Participants: Two hundred and eight (94 males, 114 females) community-dwelling subjects aged 64-93 yrs. Measurements: Dietary intake was assessed using a validated ...
Reynolds Christian John CJ Centre for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, the Barbara Hardy Institute, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes Boulevard, Mawson Lakes, SA 5095, Australia. - - 2014
This paper reviews the current literature around the environmental impacts of dietary recommendations. The focus of the review is on collating evidence relating to environmental impacts of the dietary advice found in the World Health Organisation guidelines, and environmental impact literature: reducing the consumption of fat, reducing the consumption of ...
Rehm Colin D CD Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of - - 2014
American adults consume 11.3% of total daily calories from foods and beverages from fast food restaurants. The contribution of different types of fast food restaurants to the diets of US children is unknown. To estimate the consumption of energy, sodium, added sugars, and solid fats among US children ages 4-19 ...
Geha P P Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven CT; The John B. Pierce Laboratory, New Haven, CT. Electronic address: - - 2013
Chronic low-back pain (CLBP) and obesity are interrelated but the physiological mechanisms linking the two conditions remain to be determined. Functional brain imaging data from CLBP patients show functional and structural alterations in areas mediating the attribution of hedonic value to food. Accordingly, we hypothesized that CLBP patients would exhibit ...
McGoldrick Daryl J DJ Water Science and Technology Directorate, Environment Canada, Burlington, ON, Canada L7R 4A6. Electronic address: - - 2013
We examine the concentrations and food web biomagnification of three cyclic volatile methylsiloxanes (cVMS) octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4), decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5), and dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane (D6) using aquatic biota collected from Lake Erie. Concentrations of cVMS in biota were within the range reported for other studies of cVMS in aquatic biota. Trophic magnification factors (TMF) ...
Bibiloni Maria Del Mar - - 2013
Data on the association between body self-perception and eating patterns among adolescents are scarce. This study assessed the association between body image and eating patterns among normal-weight, overweight and obese adolescents. A cross-sectional survey (n = 1231; 12--17 years old) was carried out in the Balearic Islands, Spain. Anthropometry, body ...
Borgå Katrine - - 2013
Cyclic volatile methyl siloxanes (cVMS) concentrations were analyzed in the pelagic food web of two Norwegian lakes (Mjøsa, Randsfjorden), and in brown trout (Salmo trutta) and Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) collected in a reference lake (Femunden), in 2012. Lakes receiving discharge from wastewater treatment plants (Mjøsa and Randsfjorden) had cVMS ...
Benzon Caitlin R - - 2013
Neuromedin U (NMU) is a highly conserved neuropeptide which regulates food intake and body weight. Transgenic mice lacking NMU are hyperphagic and obese, making NMU a novel target for understanding and treating obesity. Neuromedin U receptor 2 (NMUR2) is a high-affinity receptor for NMU found in discrete regions of the ...
Parker Kyle E - - 2013
Previous research has demonstrated a dissociation of certain neural mediators that contribute to the increased consumption of a high-fat diet that follows intra-accumbens (Acb) administration of μ-opioid receptor agonists vs. 24-hr food deprivation. These two models, both which induce rapid consumption of the diet, have been shown to involve a ...
Raaijmakers Lgm - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess energy, saturated fat and fibre intakes at breakfast among Dutch youngsters aged 10-19 years and the extent to which they meet nutritional value recommendations and the educational messages on food group intake by the Netherlands Nutrition Centre (NNC). A cross-sectional design was ...
Poti Jennifer M - - 2013
Consumption of empty calories, the sum of energy from added sugar and solid fat, exceeds recommendations, but little is known about where US children obtain these empty calories. The objectives of this study were to compare children's empty calorie consumption from retail food stores, schools, and fast-food restaurants; to identify ...
Makrogiannis Sokratis - - 2013
Separate quantification of abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat regions is essential to understand the role of regional adiposity as risk factor in epidemiological studies. Fat quantification is often based on computed tomography (CT) because fat density is distinct from other tissue densities in the abdomen. However, the presence of intestinal ...
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