Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1822
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Sirot V - - 2009
As first described in the 1980s, the core food intake model allows a precise assessment of dietary nutrient intake and dietary exposure to contaminants insofar as it reflects the eating habits of a target population and covers the most important foods in terms of consumption, selected nutrient and contaminant contribution. ...
Zhai Fengying - - 2009
The aim of the prospective study reported here was to examine the effects of social and economic transformation on dietary patterns and nutritional status in China. The study began in 1989 and continued with follow-ups in 1991, 1993, 1997, 2000, and 2004. A total of 5000 subjects aged 18-45 years ...
Mitchell Diane C - - 2009
The US Department of Agriculture's MyPyramid guidelines introduced a near doubling of the dietary recommendations for vegetables. These recommendations target specific subgroups of vegetables, including dry beans and peas. Dry beans and peas provide an array of nutrients and phytochemicals that have been shown to have beneficial health effects, yet ...
Mukhopadhyay Susmita - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Every society follows its own traditional health-care beliefs and practices during and after pregnancy, which is intimately linked to its socio-cultural environment. The objective of the present study was to document pregnancy-related food practices and the social-cultural factors linked with them. DESIGN: The present study was a cross-sectional one ...
Merrill Ray M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the extent to which a plant-based dietary intervention that discourages consumption of dairy products and meat influences bone-relevant nutrients. METHODS: A randomized controlled study design was used to evaluate the Coronary Health Improvement Project. The Project is a heart disease prevention intervention administered in an intensive ...
Larsson Susanna C - - 2009
Consumption of milk and other dairy foods has been associated with reduced risk of stroke, although not all studies have shown this consistently. We examined the association between dairy food intake and risk of stroke subtypes within the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention Study. Between 1985 and 1988, 26,556 Finnish male ...
Murphy Suzanne P - - 2009
To reduce the cost of analyzing dietary data for research studies, we evaluated the accuracy of an entry and assessment system that could be used by trained food and nutrition professionals who did not routinely perform this type of task. We compared intakes from 24-hour recalls for 175 adult women ...
Conn Jennifer A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the food and nutrient intakes of 9-month-old infants. DESIGN: A survey undertaken as part of a longitudinal study of child growth and development. Infant diet was characterised through a structured interview in which consumption frequency and portion size of foods were obtained. This method was compared with ...
Marriott Bernadette P - - 2009
Our purpose was to conduct a new analysis to update and extend previously published trends of fructose availability and estimated fructose intake and food sources of dietary fructose from the 1977-1978 Nationwide Food Consumption Survey (NFCS) data. We estimated fructose usual intake with data from NHANES 1999-2004 for 25,165 individuals ...
Otaki Naoto - - 2009
We estimated the intake of individual flavonoids in a cross sectional study and clarified the major sources contributing to the flavonoid levels in the middle-aged Japanese women by a 24-h weighed dietary record study. The subjects included in the study were 516 free-living women. Each subject completed a 24-h weighed ...
Hinote Brian P - - 2009
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between psychological distress and dietary consumption patterns in the former Soviet Union. Data are cross-sectional and were collected in 2001 from a large representative sample (n = 18,428) of respondents age 18 years and over in eight former Soviet republics. ...
Sherman Richard A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Dietary intake of phosphorus is derived largely from protein sources and is a critical determinant of phosphorus balance in patients with chronic kidney disease. Information about the phosphorus content of prepared foods generally is unavailable, but it is believed to contribute significantly to the phosphorus burden of patients with ...
Magarey Anthea - - 2009
Objective. To assess the reliability and validity of a new parent report measure of children's dietary patterns, allowing assessment against national guidelines. Methods. The 28-item Children's Dietary Questionnaire (CDQ) was developed based on Australian healthy eating guidelines and knowledge of current dietary intake of Australian children. It assesses intake patterns ...
Wang Y Claire - - 2009
To estimate the net caloric impact from replacing sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with alternatives in children and adolescents in naturalistic settings. Secondary analysis based on nationally representative cross-sectional study. Fixed-effect regression analysis of 2 nonconsecutive 24-hour dietary recalls from the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. Children and adolescents ...
Kranz Sibylle - - 2009
This cross-sectional study of 2- to 12-year-olds living in medically underserved areas examined the proportion of children meeting the food group intake recommendations for fruits, vegetables, total grains, dairy, and meat/meat alternatives by age group and body weight status. Based on 24-hour recalls collected between July 2004 and March of ...
Vatanparast Hassanali - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine trends in calcium intake from foods of Canadian adults from 1970-1972 to 2004. We compiled the calcium intake of adults (aged >or=19 years) from foods from Nutrition Canada (1970-1972; n = 7036); 9 provincial nutrition surveys (1990-1999; n = 16 915); and ...
Johnson Jennifer S - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To calculate the energy and nutrient intake in 2 regions of Alaska and to describe the implications for development of chronic disease among Alaska Native people (AN). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional observation; 10 villages and 2 hub communities in rural Alaska; 333 participants ages 13 to 88 years old. METHODS: ...
Falciglia Grace A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that the length of time needed to describe dietary diversity is approximately 2 weeks. This is the first study conducted to develop a dietary variety measurement tool that is sensitive to the effect of time on dietary variety without the burden of gathering data for 2 weeks. ...
Oldewage Theron W H - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to discuss the impact of a two-year food aid intervention programme on dietary diversity and adequacy of an elderly community. This project was undertaken amongst the elderly (n=300), voluntarily attending a day care centre in Sharpeville, South Africa. In a baseline study (2004) ...
Torres Alexandre G - - 2009
Recently published data concerning dietary intake of fat and food sources of (n-3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) in Brazil are reviewed together with data on biochemical indices of PUFA status during pregnancy and lactation and PUFA composition of breast milk in Brazilian adolescents and adults. Potential inadequacies of docosahexaenoic ...
Khaled Boumédiène Méghit - - 2009
To assess the effect of Ramadan fasting on body weight and food consumption in type 2 diabetic obese women. A total of 276 outpatient women receiving oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) (BMI = 34.63 +/- 3.29 kg/m(2)), aged 49 (+/-6 years), were selected. The study was carried out over three periods ...
Gustaw-Rothenberg Katarzyna - - 2009
Recently dietary pattern analysis has emerged as a way for examining diet-disease relations in Alzheimer's disease. In contrast with the conventional approach, which focuses on a single nutrient or a few nutrients or foods, this method considers overall eating patterns. We examined the dietary patterns defined by factor analysis using ...
Lopez Celeste N - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that highly nutritious diets are more costly, but to date there has been no evaluation of the costs associated with failing to meet micronutrient recommendations in a Spanish population. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS: We examined whether daily food consumption costs (classified in quintiles) were associated ...
Boukouvalas Georgios - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the sociodemographic determinants of fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption in England and determine the differential effects of socio-economic variables at various parts of the intake distribution, with a special focus on severely inadequate intakes. DESIGN: Quantile regression, expressing F&V intake as a function of sociodemographic variables, is ...
Weaver Connie M - - 2009
A benefit-risk evaluation of the evidence for including dairy foods in the diet is presented. For many persons dairy products provide a substantial portion of essential nutrients, but especially calcium, potassium, and magnesium. Dietary supplements and fortified foods can be alternative sources of these nutrients, although other components of dairy ...
Escurriol Verónica - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Spanish European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort to investigate the association among education level, as a measurement of socioeconomic position, gender, and dietary nutrient intake, focusing on plant sterols, in a Mediterranean population. METHODS: A sample of 25 615 ...
Jacobs David R DR - - 2009
We summarize conclusions drawn from a panel discussion at the "Fifth International Congress on Vegetarian Nutrition" about the roles of and emphasis on food, plant food, and vegetarianism in current and future US dietary guidelines. The most general recommendation of the panel was that future dietary guidelines, following the lead ...
Leclercq Catherine - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The current paper aims to present the main results of the Italian National Food Consumption Survey INRAN-SCAI 2005-06. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was performed. Households were randomly selected after geographical stratification of the national territory. Food consumption was assessed on three consecutive days through individual estimated dietary records. SETTING: ...
Bovell-Benjamin Adelia C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To generate information about dietary practices, food preferences and food preparation methods from African-Americans in Macon County, Alabama, as a precursor to an intervention designed to modify an existing dietary health questionnaire (DHQ). METHOD: African-American males (30) and females (31) ages 20 to 75 years participated in eight focus ...
Nordström Jonas - - 2009
In this paper, we simulate the effects of tax reforms aimed at encouraging healthier grain consumption. We use a rich data set on household grain consumption in 2003 from the market research institute GfK Sweden, combined with information on the nutritional content of the consumption. We estimate behavioral parameters, which ...
Greenhalgh Janette - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The effects of positive- and negative peer modelling on children's consumption of a novel blue food, presented in each of four snack meals during an "activity" day, were evaluated. It was predicted that: (i) novel food consumption would increase after positive modelling, but decrease after negative modelling; (ii) modelling ...
Castro T G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status and dietary practices of 0-24-month-old children living in Brazilian Amazonia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Information on children's dietary intakes was obtained from diet history data. Weight and length were measured for anthropometric evaluation. Fe status was assessed using fasting venous blood samples; Hb, serum ferritin ...
German J Bruce - - 2009
This review provides a reappraisal of the potential effects of dairy foods, including dairy fats, on cardiovascular disease (CVD)/coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. Commodities and foods containing saturated fats are of particular focus as current public dietary recommendations are directed toward reducing the intake of saturated fats as a means ...
Reyes-Ortiz Carlos A - - 2009
We explore the association between a neighbourhood's ethnic composition and the foods and nutrients consumed by Mexican-Americans. Cross-sectional survey of a large national sample, from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-94), was linked to the 1990 Census. The outcomes were food frequencies and serum levels of micronutrients. ...
Vereecken Carine - - 2009
PURPOSE: Explore the impact of general parenting style and specific food-related parenting practices on children's dietary habits. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of sixth graders and their parents. SETTING: Data were gathered (in 2003) in 69 of 100 randomly selected elementary schools in Belgium. SUBJECTS: All sixth graders (N = 1957) were ...
Mann J I - - 2009
There is impressive evidence from epidemiological and experimental studies that dietary fibre derived form vegetables, fruit and wholegrain cereals protects against and may be useful in the treatment of a wide range of diseases. However, while there is some evidence of benefit of extracted and synthetic fibres in terms of ...
Gibson Rosalind S - - 2009
Dietary diversification or modification has the potential to prevent deficiencies of zinc and other coexisting limiting micronutrients simultaneously, without risk of antagonistic interactions. In this review, we have addressed the following. The first section focuses on strategies with the potential to enhance intake and/or bioavailability of zinc, and includes interventions ...
Goldberg Tamara Beres Lederer - - 2009
Adolescents' eating habits are determined by social, psychological, economic, political, and educational influences. They tend to prefer foods with inadequate nutritional value and high fat and carbohydrate content which leads to excessive weight gain and for many, calcium intake is restricted. According to some authors, low calcium intake is linked ...
Hon Kam-Lun Ellis - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To review the pattern of food-associated pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admissions. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted to analyse the pattern of food-associated PICU admissions at a teaching hospital between January 2004 and May 2007. RESULTS: Ten cases (7 boys and 3 girls, aged 9 month to ...
Pogoda Janice M - - 2009
Maternal dietary data from an international collaborative case-control study on childhood brain tumors were used to evaluate associations between histology-specific risk and consumption of specific food groups during pregnancy. Nine study centers from seven countries contributed 1218 cases and 2223 controls. Most cases were diagnosed between 1982 and 1992 and ...
Keller Kathleen L - - 2009
Dietary survey data show that intake of sugar-sweetened beverages is negatively associated with intake of milk, but these findings have yet to be confirmed by laboratory feeding studies. The objectives of the present study were to analyze children's intake across two laboratory-based ad libitum lunches to (a) investigate the relationships ...
Amtha Rahmi - - 2009
A matched case-control, hospital-based study of oral cancer was conducted in Jakarta population. The sample included 81 cases and 162 controls. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between dietary pattern and oral cancer in a Jakarta population using factor analysis. Dietary data were collected using food ...
Hughes Maria Celia B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Actinic keratoses (AKs) are premalignant actinic tumors of the skin. Evaluation of the role of diet in their development is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether intake of certain food groups or dietary patterns retard the occurrence of AKs over a 4.5-y period. DESIGN: In a community-based ...
Nakamoto Keiko - - 2009
Vegetarianism continues to gain popularity in Japan and the Westernized world, in part from decades of science supporting the health advantages of properly planned vegetarian-based diets. Although there are Asian nutritional tools, one specific to a Japanese vegetarian diet is lacking. Thus, the Japanese vegetarian food guide (JVFG) was developed ...
Huybregts Lieven Fernand - - 2009
The aim of this study was to assess potential changes in dietary habits during pregnancy in a rural community in Houndé district, Burkina Faso. In-depth interviews were performed on a random sample of 37 pregnant women in order to analyse specific perceptions and attitudes regarding food consumption during pregnancy. In ...
Sebastian Rhonda S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether fast-food consumption is associated with adolescents' food group intakes and likelihood of meeting recommendations outlined in the MyPyramid Food Guidance System. DESIGN: Data from two 24-hour recalls collected in What We Eat in America, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2004 were analyzed. Fast-food consumers were ...
Misra A - - 2009
Grains are a part of human diet for about 10,000 years. Grains are the most important food source of Indian population, due to this carbohydrate consumption constitute approx. 60-70% of total food intake. Variety of grains are available in India, and different grains form staple diets of people in different ...
Probst Y C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Automation of dietary assessments allows participant behaviour to be captured by video observation. It also allows clinicians to identify areas that effect reporting accuracy. The present observational study describes the differences in behaviour according to the type of foods selected by participants using a dietary assessment website encompassing diet ...
Nicklas Theresa A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The 2005 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC) recognized calcium, potassium and magnesium, all found in high levels in dairy foods, among the shortfall nutrients in both children and adults' diets. OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to determine: 1) the percentage of the population with intakes greater than the Adequate Intakes ...
Maras Janice E - - 2009
Our objective was to identify major dietary sources of whole grains and to describe the construction of a database of whole grain content of foods. Dietary information was collected with 7-d food records from men and women in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, mean age 62.1 +/- 16.0 years, ...
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