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Results 351 - 400 of 1822
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Batres-Marquez S Patricia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Little is known about rice consumption, related food intake patterns, and the nutritional contribution that rice provides in the diets of Americans. OBJECTIVE: To provide information about rice consumption in the United States and the diets of rice consumers. DESIGN: Data come from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes ...
Holmberg Sara - - 2009
Coronary heart disease is associated with diet. Nutritional recommendations are frequently provided, but few long term studies on the effect of food choices on heart disease are available. We followed coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality in a cohort of rural men (N = 1,752) participating in a prospective observational ...
Welch Janet L - - 2010
The Dietary Intake Monitoring Application (DIMA) is an electronic dietary self-monitor developed for use on a personal digital assistant (PDA). This paper describes how computer, information, numerical, and visual literacy were considered in development of DIMA. An iterative, participatory design approach was used. Forty individuals receiving hemodialysis at an urban ...
Bradlee M Loring - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To explore mean food group intakes associated with central obesity anthropometry among children and adolescents enrolled in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Representative sampling of the US population (1998-2002). SUBJECTS: Subjects were 3761 children (5-11 years) and 1803 adolescents (12-16 ...
Lopez C N - - 2009
There is a scarcity of studies evaluating the relationship between food costs and adherence to different food patterns and obesity. This was a dynamic cohort of Spanish university graduates (n = 17,197 for the cross-sectional baseline assessment and n = 11,195 for the prospective follow-up analyses). Mean age was 38.6 ...
Plawecki Karen L - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Because foods fortified with calcium are increasingly available, the calcium content of calcium-fortified foods may not be adequately captured in traditional assessments of dietary intake, such as dietary records analyzed with commercially available software. The primary objective of our study was to design and test a calcium-focused food frequency ...
Bae Yun-Jung - - 2010
Magnesium, an element involved in a variety of biochemical and physiological processes in the human body, is closely linked to maintaining health and preventing disease. Even so, studies on the status of magnesium intake have never been conducted sufficiently since only recently a dietary reference intake value was proposed, and ...
Hearty Aine P - - 2009
Intakes of naturally occurring phytosterols were estimated in the Irish population using phytosterol concentration data obtained from the published literature. Both deterministic and probabilistic approaches were used. Concentration data were applied to dietary intake data as assessed in the North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey (n = 1,379). With the probabilistic ...
Ratnayake W M Nimal - - 2009
Research conducted in the mid-1990s indicated that the levels of trans fats in Canadian diets were among the highest in the world. The consumption of trans fats raises blood levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, while reducing levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol. In June 2007, Health Canada called on the food ...
Shin A - - 2010
Postmenopausal women were assessed to determine the association between dietary intake of various food groups and low bone mineral density. Among dietary factors, high consumption of protein-containing food and dairy products was associated with a reduced risk for low bone mineral density. There have been several studies regarding the correlation ...
Mullie P - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our research was to describe cultural, socioeconomic and nutritional determinants associated with functional food consumption. METHODS: Cross-sectional design in 5000 military men. Using mailed questionnaires, the functional food consumption frequency was recorded. RESULTS: Margarines fortified with phytosterols or phytostanols were used on a daily basis by ...
Wakita Asano A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To analyze demographic, health-related behaviors, eating habit and knowledge associated with vegetable intake. METHODS: Secondary analyses using the dataset from the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2003. Food intake data measured by the food-weighing method in one-day and a questionnaire assessed the dietary intake and health-related behaviors, eating habit ...
DiBello Julia R - - 2009
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome has reached epidemic levels in the Samoan Islands. In this cross-sectional study conducted in 2002-2003, dietary patterns were described among American Samoan (n = 723) and Samoan (n = 785) adults (> or =18 y) to identify neo-traditional and modern eating patterns and to relate ...
Nelson Laska Melissa - - 2010
The objective of the present work was to cross-sectionally examine and compare dietary behaviours and home food environments by young adults' living situation. Using data from Project EAT (Eating Among Teens)-II, a large diverse youth cohort originally sampled in Minnesota, linear regression was used to examine self-reported meal frequency, dietary ...
You Wen - - 2009
The benefit calculation of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly the Food Stamp Program, is based primarily on results of the Thrifty Food Plan (TFP) developed by the USDA. By using a nonlinear mathematical programming approach, the TFP provides a dietary pattern recommendation that deviates the least from low-income ...
Gibson Robert A - - 2009
There is interest in the degree to which fats in dairy foods contribute to CHD. We undertook a systematic review to investigate the effect of dairy consumption on CHD using prospective cohort studies. A systematic search of electronic databases identified studies relating dairy food intake in adulthood to episodes or ...
Dragsted Lars O - - 2010
Objective dietary intake markers for meat would be useful to assess meat intake in observational studies and as compliance markers in dietary intervention studies. A number of compounds are specific to meat compared with most other dietary items but there is some overlap between protein rich foods. A number of ...
Chan Ruth - - 2010
Environmental and lifestyle factors that affect oxidative stress and inflammation may influence telomere length (TL). There are limited data to relate the effect of dietary components on TL. The present study examined the association between food groups and TL in a sample of elderly Chinese. In a sample of 2006 ...
Schernhammer Eva S - - 2009
Age and certain lifestyle factors, including a higher body mass index and exposure to light at night, are related to lower circulating concentrations of melatonin-a hormone with probable cancer-protective properties. Although melatonin is a direct derivative of the essential amino acid tryptophan, little is known about the relation of diet ...
Wengreen Heidi J - - 2009
Most studies of association between diet and cognition among the elderly focus on the role of single nutrients or foods and ignore the complexity of dietary patterns and total diet quality. We prospectively examined associations between an index of diet quality and cognitive function and decline among elderly men and ...
He Yuna - - 2009
To investigate the association of the dietary pattern with the presence of newly diagnosed glucose tolerance abnormalities among Chinese adults. A total of 20,210 adults aged 45-69 years from the 2002 China National Nutrition and Health Survey were included. Information on dietary intake was collected using a validated food frequency ...
Toledo Estefan?a - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between adherence to several a priori-defined healthy food patterns and the risk of hypertension. DESIGN: Prospective, multipurpose, dynamic cohort study (recruitment permanently open). We followed up 10 800 men and women (all of them university graduates), who were initially free of hypertension, for a variable ...
Kristjansdottir Asa Gudrun - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diet of 7-year-old children by comparison with food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) and reference values for nutrient intake. DESIGN: Food and nutrient intake was assessed by 3 d weighed dietary records of 7-year-olds in six randomly chosen schools in Reykjavik, Iceland. Height and weight were measured. The ...
Kleiser Christina - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To explore the food intake of young migrants living in Germany. DESIGN: Children and adolescents aged 0 to 17 years living in Germany, including 17.1 % with a migration background, were examined in a representative health survey. Food frequency data of 7186 boys and 6919 girls, aged 3 to ...
Halkjaer Jytte - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on the association between macronutrient intake and the development of abdominal obesity, which carries an increased health risk, have not shown a consistent pattern, possibly due to mixed effects of other aspects of the food intake. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between intake from 21 food ...
Pelly Fiona - - 2009
This article describes the development, analysis, and implementation of the menu available to athletes and patrons in the main dining hall of the Athletes Village at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games and the significant role of sports dietitians in this process. Menu design and development was informed by focus groups, ...
Palou Andreu - - 2009
Foods and food components can have positive and/or negative effects on our health, resulting in benefits and risks. At present these are evaluated in largely separated trajectories. In view of assessment, management, and communication, we here propose and argue for an integrated evaluation of risk and benefit of food components ...
Miura Shoko - - 2009
Low calcium intake and physical inactivity are modifiable risk factors of osteoporosis; however, little information is available about the prevalence of these risk factors among urban Filipino women living on low-incomes. The present study, therefore, investigated daily calcium intake, main calcium sources, and physical activity status in this population. The ...
Plotnikoff Ronald C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Stages of change are related to dietary fat consumption. Few studies have examined stage occupation within the context of purchasing low-fat foods. OBJECTIVE: To determine the stage-prevalence of individuals for purchasing low-fat foods; identify the frequency of misclassification into action and maintenance (A/M) stages for purchasing for low-fat foods; ...
Thompson Frances E - - 2009
The consumption of added sugars (eg, white sugar, brown sugar, and high-fructose corn syrup) displaces nutrient-dense foods in the diet. The intake of added sugars in the United States is excessive. Little is known about the predictors of added sugar intake. To examine the independent relationships of socioeconomic status and ...
Vitolins Mara Z - - 2009
Little has been reported regarding food and nutrient intake in individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and most reports have been based on findings in select groups or individuals who self-reported having diabetes. To describe the baseline food and nutrient intake of the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) ...
Zielinsky P - - 2010
To test the hypothesis that maternal consumption of polyphenol-rich foods during third trimester interferes with fetal ductal dynamics by inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. In a prospective analysis, Doppler ductal velocities and right-to-left ventricular dimensions ratio of 102 fetuses exposed to polyphenol-rich foods (daily estimated maternal consumption >75th percentile, or 1089 ...
Kant Ashima K - - 2009
There is a surprising paucity of studies that have systematically examined the correlates of water intake in the US population. The objective was to examine the association of contributors of water intake with dietary characteristics, meal consumption, and body weight in the US population. We used 24-h dietary recall data ...
Guerrera Mary P - - 2009
Magnesium is an essential mineral for optimal metabolic function. Research has shown that the mineral content of magnesium in food sources is declining, and that magnesium depletion has been detected in persons with some chronic diseases. This has led to an increased awareness of proper magnesium intake and its potential ...
Enneman Anke - - 2009
The objective of this study was to describe and compare the dietary variety, diversity, and origins of complementary foods given to urban and rural Guatemalan infants in the second semester of life. Dietary intake from a total of 128 infants of both sexes, aged 6.0 to 12.0 months on admission, ...
Olsson Cecilia - - 2009
For adolescents with celiac disease (CD), a gluten-free diet (GFD) is crucial for health, but compliance is problematic and noncompliance is common even among those aware of the risks. To better understand their lives with the disease, Swedish CD adolescents were invited to take part in focus group discussions. Data ...
Duffy Valerie B - - 2009
Genetics, environmental exposures, and aging interact to produce variations in the perception or liking of taste, olfaction, and somatosensory sensations (i.e., chemosensation). Chemosensory variation can affect disease risk by influencing what people like and choose to eat from abundant supplies of desirable high-fat, sweet, and salty foods and alcoholic beverages ...
Vandevijvere S - - 2009
An exposure assessment was performed to estimate average daily benzoic acid intake for Belgian adults. Food consumption data were retrieved from the national food-consumption survey. As a first step, individual food-consumption data were multiplied with the maximum permitted use levels for benzoic acid per food group (Tier 2). As a ...
Lands Bill - - 2009
Effective prevention of the current annual $400 billion losses from atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD) will require preventing primary causes rather than just decreasing signs and symptoms (risk factors) produced by those causes. All CVD risk factors predict a likelihood of CVD, but not all are causes of CVD. As ...
Larson Nicole I - - 2009
To describe changes in calcium and dairy intake during the transition from middle adolescence to young adulthood and to identify baseline correlates of calcium intake in young adulthood. Population-based, 5-year follow-up study (Project EAT: Eating Among Teens). Baseline surveys were completed in Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN schools and by mail at ...
Barbieri Patricia - - 2009
Stages of change assess individual motivation for lifestyle changes, contributing to the development of more effective intervention strategies. The objective of the present study was to identify factors associated with stages of change for lower intake of red meat and higher intake of vegetables in a cross-sectional analysis of 578 ...
de Batlle Jordi - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We described dietary habits in a Spanish sample of COPD patients and assessed its adequacy according to dietary recommendations, which so far have never been published. METHODS: 275 patients hospitalized for the first time for a COPD exacerbation in Spain answered a 122-item food frequency questionnaire on ...
Buil-Cosiales P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between the intake of dietary fibre and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in a Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk. METHODS: Baseline cross-sectional assessment of 457 men and women (average age 67 years) from two different Spanish centres of the PREDIMED trial. A previously validated food ...
Masset Gabriel - - 2009
Mathematical diet optimization models are used to create food plans that best resemble current eating habits while meeting prespecified nutrition and cost constraints. This study used linear programming to generate food plans meeting the key 2007 dietary recommendations issued by the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute of Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR). ...
Xu L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Forearm fractures are a major cause of disability in postmenopausal women. However, no prior report on the relationship of dietary patterns and forearm fracture in mainland China is available and the results from Western studies may not be applicable to the Chinese population. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether food groups ...
Yoshihara Akihiro - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesise that a difference in nutrition influences dental caries and periodontal disease. There are few previous studies especially longitudinal ones which have evaluated this hypothesis. This study investigated the relationship between nutritional intake, including milk and milk products (MMP), and dental disease, controlling for several confounding factors. MATERIAL ...
Lazarou Chrystalleni - - 2009
Dietary modification is, in general, the preferred method when attempting reductions in blood pressure (BP) among adults. In children, however, few studies, have examined the relationship between dietary patterns and levels of BP, and the reported results are conflicting. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between ...
Oddy Wendy H - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between dietary patterns and mental health in early adolescence. METHOD: The Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study is a prospective study of 2900 pregnancies recruited from 1989-1992. At 14 years of age (2003-2006; n=1324), the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) was used to assess behaviour (characterising ...
Klassen Ann C - - 2009
Improving diet is one important pathway for addressing cancer disparities. We conducted mixed-method analyses of 468 24-h dietary recalls from 156 African-American women residents of Washington DC public housing to better understand dietary patterns. Recalls were rated for five cancer-related preventive characteristics (adequate fruits/vegetables, moderate fat, moderate calories, no alcohol, ...
Lucas Michel - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To quantify marine food product consumption and EPA + DHA intake among Quebecers, and to compare the results with the most recent recommendations. DESIGN: Data were obtained from a representative cross-sectional telephone survey (June 2006). Intakes of marine food product species and EPA + DHA were estimated from a ...
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