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Results 351 - 400 of 1837
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Welch A A - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Adequate mineral intake is important for the maintenance of bone health, cellular function and general metabolism, and possibly in the aetiology of cancer and other chronic diseases. This study aimed at investigating variation in intakes of selected minerals across 10 European countries participating in the EPIC (European Prospective Investigation ...
Zeisel Steven H - - 2009
Choline was officially recognized as an essential nutrient by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1998. There is significant variation in the dietary requirement for choline that can be explained by common genetic polymorphisms. Because of its wide-ranging roles in human metabolism, from cell structure to neurotransmitter synthesis, choline-deficiency is ...
Sharma Sangita - - 2009
To: 1) characterize diet in Inuvialuit; 2) determine the foods and nutrients to be targeted for a nutritional intervention program; and 3) develop a Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (QFFQ) to evaluate the program and monitor nutrition transition for Inuvialuit in the Northwest Territories (NWT), Canada. Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls were collected ...
Akbaraly Tasnime N TN Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK. - - 2009
Studies of diet and depression have focused primarily on individual nutrients. To examine the association between dietary patterns and depression using an overall diet approach. Analyses were carried on data from 3486 participants (26.2% women, mean age 55.6 years) from the Whitehall II prospective cohort, in which two dietary patterns ...
Ceacero Francisco - - 2010
Optimal foraging predicts that animals should be able to assess the content of important nutrients in food. Ungulates discriminate salt and P, but discrimination of other minerals is controversial even though they are also essential and often limiting. Animal scientists have explained this taste through palatability, which predicts the same ...
Lander R - - 2010
To assess whether persistent micronutrient deficiencies in Mongolian children identified in our earlier biochemical study are associated with inadequacies in quantity and/or quality in their complementary diets. A cross-sectional study of breast-fed children aged 6-23 months, randomly selected from four districts in Ulaanbaatar and four provincial capitals. Weight and length ...
Caetano Michelle C - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the dietary intake of children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) using a 24-hour diet recall and relating it to the patients' clinical and anthropometric characteristics and to the drugs used in their treatment. METHODS: By means of a cross-sectional ...
Sharma Sangita - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To characterize dietary intake for Navajo adults, to identify foods for a nutritional intervention programme and to develop a culturally appropriate quantitative FFQ (QFFQ) for evaluating the impact of the intervention programme. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted using 24 h dietary recalls. SETTING: Navajo Nation, USA. SUBJECTS: Seventy-nine ...
Sharma Sangita - - 2010
The aims of the present study were to (1) characterise the diets of adult Inuit; (2) highlight foods for a nutritional and lifestyle intervention programme; (3) develop a quantitative FFQ (QFFQ) to evaluate the programme and monitor changes in dietary intake in this population over time. A dietary survey using ...
Prynne Celia J CJ Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge CB1 9NL, UK. - - 2010
An investigation was carried out to determine whether there were significant changes in the intake of dietary fibre (NSP) and phytate of adult men and women in the UK from 1982 (aged 36 years) to 1999 (aged 53 years). The 1253 subjects studied were members of the Medical Research Council ...
Yen Chia-Feng - - 2010
Little information is available on the prevalence and risk factors for less-healthy food intake among people with intellectual disabilities (ID). This study aimed to provide the information of healthy or less-healthy food intake among Taiwanese adolescents with ID and to examine the risk factors to their food intake. A cross-sectional ...
Zhang Qian - - 2010
To assess the association between protein intakes and bone mass accrual in girls, data were analysed for 757 pre-pubertal girls (mean age 10.1 years) in urban Beijing, China, who participated in a 5-year study including 2 years of milk supplementation (intervention groups only) and 3 years of follow-up study. At ...
Lioret Sandrine - - 2010
The objectives of the present study were to assess the intake of different food groups in French children aged 3-17 years (n 1455), and to analyse trends since a dietary survey undertaken 8 years ago. Dietary intake was evaluated using data from the 2006-7 cross-sectional INCA2 national dietary survey (?tude ...
Hoerr Sharon L - - 2009
Diets adequate in calcium and other key nutrients early in life are critical for optimal growth. This study's objective was to determine associations between beverage and dairy food intakes of mothers and their young children and food/beverage contributions to calcium at dinner meals from ethnically diverse families with limited incomes. ...
Batres-Marquez S Patricia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Little is known about rice consumption, related food intake patterns, and the nutritional contribution that rice provides in the diets of Americans. OBJECTIVE: To provide information about rice consumption in the United States and the diets of rice consumers. DESIGN: Data come from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes ...
Holmberg Sara - - 2009
Coronary heart disease is associated with diet. Nutritional recommendations are frequently provided, but few long term studies on the effect of food choices on heart disease are available. We followed coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality in a cohort of rural men (N = 1,752) participating in a prospective observational ...
Welch Janet L - - 2010
The Dietary Intake Monitoring Application (DIMA) is an electronic dietary self-monitor developed for use on a personal digital assistant (PDA). This paper describes how computer, information, numerical, and visual literacy were considered in development of DIMA. An iterative, participatory design approach was used. Forty individuals receiving hemodialysis at an urban ...
Bradlee M Loring - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To explore mean food group intakes associated with central obesity anthropometry among children and adolescents enrolled in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Representative sampling of the US population (1998-2002). SUBJECTS: Subjects were 3761 children (5-11 years) and 1803 adolescents (12-16 ...
Lopez C N - - 2009
There is a scarcity of studies evaluating the relationship between food costs and adherence to different food patterns and obesity. This was a dynamic cohort of Spanish university graduates (n = 17,197 for the cross-sectional baseline assessment and n = 11,195 for the prospective follow-up analyses). Mean age was 38.6 ...
Plawecki Karen L - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Because foods fortified with calcium are increasingly available, the calcium content of calcium-fortified foods may not be adequately captured in traditional assessments of dietary intake, such as dietary records analyzed with commercially available software. The primary objective of our study was to design and test a calcium-focused food frequency ...
Bae Yun-Jung - - 2010
Magnesium, an element involved in a variety of biochemical and physiological processes in the human body, is closely linked to maintaining health and preventing disease. Even so, studies on the status of magnesium intake have never been conducted sufficiently since only recently a dietary reference intake value was proposed, and ...
Hearty Aine P - - 2009
Intakes of naturally occurring phytosterols were estimated in the Irish population using phytosterol concentration data obtained from the published literature. Both deterministic and probabilistic approaches were used. Concentration data were applied to dietary intake data as assessed in the North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey (n = 1,379). With the probabilistic ...
Ratnayake W M Nimal - - 2009
Research conducted in the mid-1990s indicated that the levels of trans fats in Canadian diets were among the highest in the world. The consumption of trans fats raises blood levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, while reducing levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol. In June 2007, Health Canada called on the food ...
Shin A - - 2010
Postmenopausal women were assessed to determine the association between dietary intake of various food groups and low bone mineral density. Among dietary factors, high consumption of protein-containing food and dairy products was associated with a reduced risk for low bone mineral density. There have been several studies regarding the correlation ...
Mullie P - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our research was to describe cultural, socioeconomic and nutritional determinants associated with functional food consumption. METHODS: Cross-sectional design in 5000 military men. Using mailed questionnaires, the functional food consumption frequency was recorded. RESULTS: Margarines fortified with phytosterols or phytostanols were used on a daily basis by ...
Wakita Asano A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To analyze demographic, health-related behaviors, eating habit and knowledge associated with vegetable intake. METHODS: Secondary analyses using the dataset from the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2003. Food intake data measured by the food-weighing method in one-day and a questionnaire assessed the dietary intake and health-related behaviors, eating habit ...
DiBello Julia R - - 2009
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome has reached epidemic levels in the Samoan Islands. In this cross-sectional study conducted in 2002-2003, dietary patterns were described among American Samoan (n = 723) and Samoan (n = 785) adults (> or =18 y) to identify neo-traditional and modern eating patterns and to relate ...
Nelson Laska Melissa - - 2010
The objective of the present work was to cross-sectionally examine and compare dietary behaviours and home food environments by young adults' living situation. Using data from Project EAT (Eating Among Teens)-II, a large diverse youth cohort originally sampled in Minnesota, linear regression was used to examine self-reported meal frequency, dietary ...
You Wen - - 2009
The benefit calculation of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly the Food Stamp Program, is based primarily on results of the Thrifty Food Plan (TFP) developed by the USDA. By using a nonlinear mathematical programming approach, the TFP provides a dietary pattern recommendation that deviates the least from low-income ...
Gibson Robert A - - 2009
There is interest in the degree to which fats in dairy foods contribute to CHD. We undertook a systematic review to investigate the effect of dairy consumption on CHD using prospective cohort studies. A systematic search of electronic databases identified studies relating dairy food intake in adulthood to episodes or ...
Dragsted Lars O - - 2010
Objective dietary intake markers for meat would be useful to assess meat intake in observational studies and as compliance markers in dietary intervention studies. A number of compounds are specific to meat compared with most other dietary items but there is some overlap between protein rich foods. A number of ...
Chan Ruth - - 2010
Environmental and lifestyle factors that affect oxidative stress and inflammation may influence telomere length (TL). There are limited data to relate the effect of dietary components on TL. The present study examined the association between food groups and TL in a sample of elderly Chinese. In a sample of 2006 ...
Schernhammer Eva S - - 2009
Age and certain lifestyle factors, including a higher body mass index and exposure to light at night, are related to lower circulating concentrations of melatonin-a hormone with probable cancer-protective properties. Although melatonin is a direct derivative of the essential amino acid tryptophan, little is known about the relation of diet ...
Wengreen Heidi J - - 2009
Most studies of association between diet and cognition among the elderly focus on the role of single nutrients or foods and ignore the complexity of dietary patterns and total diet quality. We prospectively examined associations between an index of diet quality and cognitive function and decline among elderly men and ...
He Yuna - - 2009
To investigate the association of the dietary pattern with the presence of newly diagnosed glucose tolerance abnormalities among Chinese adults. A total of 20,210 adults aged 45-69 years from the 2002 China National Nutrition and Health Survey were included. Information on dietary intake was collected using a validated food frequency ...
Toledo Estefan?a - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between adherence to several a priori-defined healthy food patterns and the risk of hypertension. DESIGN: Prospective, multipurpose, dynamic cohort study (recruitment permanently open). We followed up 10 800 men and women (all of them university graduates), who were initially free of hypertension, for a variable ...
Kristjansdottir Asa Gudrun - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diet of 7-year-old children by comparison with food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) and reference values for nutrient intake. DESIGN: Food and nutrient intake was assessed by 3 d weighed dietary records of 7-year-olds in six randomly chosen schools in Reykjavik, Iceland. Height and weight were measured. The ...
Kleiser Christina - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To explore the food intake of young migrants living in Germany. DESIGN: Children and adolescents aged 0 to 17 years living in Germany, including 17.1 % with a migration background, were examined in a representative health survey. Food frequency data of 7186 boys and 6919 girls, aged 3 to ...
Halkjaer Jytte - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on the association between macronutrient intake and the development of abdominal obesity, which carries an increased health risk, have not shown a consistent pattern, possibly due to mixed effects of other aspects of the food intake. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between intake from 21 food ...
Pelly Fiona - - 2009
This article describes the development, analysis, and implementation of the menu available to athletes and patrons in the main dining hall of the Athletes Village at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games and the significant role of sports dietitians in this process. Menu design and development was informed by focus groups, ...
Palou Andreu - - 2009
Foods and food components can have positive and/or negative effects on our health, resulting in benefits and risks. At present these are evaluated in largely separated trajectories. In view of assessment, management, and communication, we here propose and argue for an integrated evaluation of risk and benefit of food components ...
Miura Shoko - - 2009
Low calcium intake and physical inactivity are modifiable risk factors of osteoporosis; however, little information is available about the prevalence of these risk factors among urban Filipino women living on low-incomes. The present study, therefore, investigated daily calcium intake, main calcium sources, and physical activity status in this population. The ...
Plotnikoff Ronald C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Stages of change are related to dietary fat consumption. Few studies have examined stage occupation within the context of purchasing low-fat foods. OBJECTIVE: To determine the stage-prevalence of individuals for purchasing low-fat foods; identify the frequency of misclassification into action and maintenance (A/M) stages for purchasing for low-fat foods; ...
Thompson Frances E - - 2009
The consumption of added sugars (eg, white sugar, brown sugar, and high-fructose corn syrup) displaces nutrient-dense foods in the diet. The intake of added sugars in the United States is excessive. Little is known about the predictors of added sugar intake. To examine the independent relationships of socioeconomic status and ...
Vitolins Mara Z MZ Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27104, USA. - - 2009
Little has been reported regarding food and nutrient intake in individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and most reports have been based on findings in select groups or individuals who self-reported having diabetes. To describe the baseline food and nutrient intake of the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) ...
Zielinsky P - - 2010
To test the hypothesis that maternal consumption of polyphenol-rich foods during third trimester interferes with fetal ductal dynamics by inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. In a prospective analysis, Doppler ductal velocities and right-to-left ventricular dimensions ratio of 102 fetuses exposed to polyphenol-rich foods (daily estimated maternal consumption >75th percentile, or 1089 ...
Kant Ashima K - - 2009
There is a surprising paucity of studies that have systematically examined the correlates of water intake in the US population. The objective was to examine the association of contributors of water intake with dietary characteristics, meal consumption, and body weight in the US population. We used 24-h dietary recall data ...
Guerrera Mary P - - 2009
Magnesium is an essential mineral for optimal metabolic function. Research has shown that the mineral content of magnesium in food sources is declining, and that magnesium depletion has been detected in persons with some chronic diseases. This has led to an increased awareness of proper magnesium intake and its potential ...
Enneman Anke - - 2009
The objective of this study was to describe and compare the dietary variety, diversity, and origins of complementary foods given to urban and rural Guatemalan infants in the second semester of life. Dietary intake from a total of 128 infants of both sexes, aged 6.0 to 12.0 months on admission, ...
Olsson Cecilia - - 2009
For adolescents with celiac disease (CD), a gluten-free diet (GFD) is crucial for health, but compliance is problematic and noncompliance is common even among those aware of the risks. To better understand their lives with the disease, Swedish CD adolescents were invited to take part in focus group discussions. Data ...
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