Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1821
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Ripoli Juliana - - 2010
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease involving superficial inflammation of the mucosa of the colon, rectum, and anus, sometimes including the terminal ileum. When in clinical activity, the disease is characterized by various daily evacuations containing blood, mucus and/or pus alternating periods of remission. To compare nutritional parameters (dietary, ...
Sotos-Prieto Mercedes - - 2010
A genome-wide association study identified rs1466113 (G>C) in the somatostatin receptor 2 (SSTR2) gene as one of the polymorphisms most significantly associated with body mass index (BMI). As replication is required, we examined the association between this polymorphism and anthropometric variables and food intake in a Mediterranean population. We studied ...
Becquey Elodie - - 2010
Urbanization in developing countries comes along with changes in food habits and living conditions and with an increase in overweight and associated health risks. The objective of the study was to describe dietary patterns of adults in Ouagadougou and to study their relationship with anthropometric status of the subjects. A ...
Collison Kate S - - 2010
The prevalence of obesity and overweight is increasing globally. Frequently coexisting with under-nutrition in developing countries, obesity is a major contributor to chronic disease, and will become a serious healthcare burden especially in countries with a larger percentage of youthful population. 35% of the population of Saudi Arabia are under ...
Lindmark Marianne - - 2010
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare genetic disorder resulting in obesity. The diets for young children with PWS must balance the importance of preventing development of obesity with the need to supply sufficient energy and essential nutrients. To investigate the nutritional intake for children with PWS 2, 3, and 4 ...
Stephenson Kevin - - 2010
Inadequate protein intake is known to be deleterious in animals. Using WHO consensus documents for human nutrient requirements, the protein:energy ratio (P:E) of an adequate diet is > 5%. Cassava has a very low protein content. This study tested the hypothesis that Nigerian and Kenyan children consuming cassava as their ...
Illner Anne-Kathrin AK Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbrücke, Nuthetal, Germany. anne-kathrin.illner @ - - 2010
Recent research has called into question the current practice to estimate individual usual food intake in large-scale studies. In such studies, usual food intake has been defined as diet over the past year. The aim of this review is to summarise the concepts of dietary assessment methods providing food intake ...
Turin Tanvir Chowdhury TC Department of Health Science, Shiga University of Medical Science, Ohtsu, Japan. - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the dietary potassium intake and associated other dietary factors among a representative sample cohort of Japanese population. We obtained data from NIPPON DATA80 and 90 that were conducted with the National Nutrition Surveys in 1980 and in 1990. Then we estimated nutrient ...
Miura Katsuyuki K Department of Health Science, Shiga University of Medical Scienc, Ohtsu, Japan. - - 2010
The relationship between dietary salt intake and blood pressure (BP) has been rarely investigated in a large population of Japanese. The characteristics of nutrients intake and foods intake in Japanese people with high salt intake have also not investigated well. Data of 10,422 participants (4585 men and 5837 women) aged ...
Kondo Imako I Faculty of Health Promotional Sciences, Hamamatsu University, Shizuoka, - - 2010
Dietary habit is one of the important determinants of health. Investigation of the association between diet and blood lipids at the food product level is more advantageous than that at the nutrient level because the results can be applied more directly to improving dietary habits for disease prevention. The integrated ...
Arribas-Lorenzo Gema - - 2010
5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is naturally formed during food processing or cooking activities, giving its ubiquity in the Western diet. HMF could be metabolised to 5-sulfooxymethylfurfural making HMF potentially harmful in an extent unknown at present. Coffee is the main exposure source. Occurrence of HMF, 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furoic acid (HMFA) and 2-furoic acid (FA) ...
Dubuisson Carine - - 2010
Two independent cross-sectional dietary surveys (the Individual and National Food Consumption Surveys, INCA), performed in 1998-99 (INCA1) and in 2006-07 (INCA2) on nationally representative samples of French people, were used to analyse trends in the dietary habits and nutritional intake of French adults. Food consumption was recorded through 7-d dietary ...
Amani Reza - - 2010
It has been suggested that mood disorders and depressive status may be accompanied by lowered zinc status in the body, and adequate consumption of zinc increases a general perceived well-being. The main objective of this study was to assess the correlation between serum zinc concentrations and dietary zinc intakes with ...
Millward D Joe - - 2010
Legally-binding legislation is now in place to ensure major reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in the UK. Reductions in intakes of meat and dairy products, which account for approximately 40% of food-related emissions, are an inevitable policy option. The present paper assesses, as far as is possible, the risk to ...
Ezendam Nicole P M - - 2010
Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption may increase risk for unnecessary weight gain. To develop interventions discouraging consumption, more insight is needed about cognitive and environmental predictors related to the decrease in SSB consumption. The present paper aims (1) to describe the relationship between potential cognitive determinants of change (attitudes, subjective norms, ...
Touvier Mathilde - - 2010
Nutritional recommendations call for balanced, diversified consumption of starchy foods and increased whole-grain food intake. Their efficiency may depend on sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors, for which little information is available. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics and starchy food consumption ...
Hooper Richard R Imperial College, National Heart and Lung Institute, London SW3 6LR, UK. - - 2010
Dietary patterns offer an alternative to the analysis of individual foods or nutrients in nutritional epidemiological studies. The aim of the present study was to identify dietary patterns common to different European countries and examine their associations with asthma. In five study centres (two in Germany, two in the UK ...
Mushtaq Sohail - - 2010
Dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) from ruminant-derived foods may be potentially beneficial to health. The quantity of cis-9, trans-11 CLA and trans-10, cis-12 CLA in a range of UK foodstuffs (112 foods) was determined using triple-column silver ion HPLC. The cis-9, trans-11 CLA content ranged from 1.9 mg/g lipid (mild ...
Jefferson Wendy K - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine the degree of overlap between foods considered part of African American (AA) culture and those considered to be healthy. METHODS: A total of 44 AA men and women were recruited from the Birmingham, AL area, 25 years of age and older to participate in four Nominal Group ...
Kimura Yumi - - 2009
AIM: To examine the association between food diversity and health status of Han and Tibetan elderly highlanders in Qinghai Plateau, China. METHODS: The study population consisted of 240 community-dwelling elderly subjects aged 60 years or more (176 Han elderly subjects, 64 Tibetan ones). Food diversity was determined using an 11-item ...
Maruyama Koutatsu - - 2009
No observational study has examined whether cancer-related biomarkers are associated with diet in Japanese. We therefore assessed sex-specific food and nutrient intakes according to serum IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-3, TGF-b1, total SOD activity and sFas levels, under a cross-sectional study of 10,350 control subjects who answered the food frequency questionnaire in ...
Pavadhgul Patcharanee - - 2009
To assess sodium intake and identify its sources among undergraduate students aged 17 to 20 years who lived in the dormitory of Mahidol University, Salaya Campus. A cross sectional study was conducted among 170 students in July 2007. Data were collected using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. The mean total ...
Savoca Margaret R - - 2009
The 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans publication placed increased emphasis on the importance of consuming a wide range of healthful foods and further reducing the consumption of less healthful ones. These recommendations are challenging for rural elders whose functional limitations, fewer resources, and limited access to foods negatively affect the ...
Raaijmakers Lieke G M - - 2010
The Netherlands Nutrition Centre (NNC) recommends eating a daily breakfast preferably including products from five food groups. The aims of this study were to examine to what extent breakfast consumption among Dutch youngsters attending primary and secondary education (aged 10-19 years) is in accordance with these recommendations and whether breakfast ...
Murty Catherine M - - 2010
The study aimed to examine both changes in food consumption, satiation and perceived bowel health while consuming a diet rich in chickpeas, and participants, feelings about the dietary change. Forty-two participants completed an ordered crossover study, consuming their habitual diet for 4 weeks, a chickpea supplemented (average 104 g/day) diet ...
Wakai Kenji - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the association of tooth loss with dietary intakes among dentists, for whom sufficient dental care is available. METHODS: We analyzed the data from 20 366 Japanese dentists (mean age +/- SD, 52.2 +/- 12.1 years; women 8.0%) who participated in a nationwide cohort study from 2001 to ...
Yamada Mai - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies in Western populations have linked caffeine intake with health status. While detailed dietary assessment studies in these populations have shown that the main contributors to caffeine intake are coffee and tea, the wide consumption of Japanese and Chinese teas in Japan suggests that sources of intake in ...
Orfanos P - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess the contribution of out-of-home (OH) energy and nutrient intake to total dietary intake, and to compare out- versus in-home nutrient patterns among 27 centres in 10 countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. METHODS: Between 1995 and 2000, 36,034 participants aged ...
Rodrigues Alexandra M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the bone mineral density (BMD) and to relate it to the food intake and body composition of adolescent runway models. METHODS: Cross-sectional study evaluating 33 models and 33 non-models aged from 15 to 18 years, paired by age and body mass index (BMI). BMD of spine (L1-L4) ...
Cust A E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe dietary carbohydrate intakes and their food sources among 27 centres in 10 countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. METHODS: Between 1995 and 2000, 36 034 subjects, aged between 35-74 years, were administered a standardized, 24-h dietary recall using a computerized ...
Mungia Rahma - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of erosive tooth wear in children aged 12-17 years in the southwest region of San Antonio, Texas, within Bexar County. METHODS: A convenience sample of 307 children aged 12-17 years was selected from two junior high schools. The population consisted predominantly of Hispanic Mexican Americans. ...
Liang Wenbin - - 2009
Stroke is a life-changing event. It has been estimated that 15-30% of stroke patients become permanently disabled. Ischemic stroke accounts for approximately 60% of all stroke cases in China and will significantly increase the health burden because of the aging population. Effective primary prevention strategies are clearly required. In this ...
Cullen Karen Weber - - 2009
To evaluate a modified curriculum for the 6-session Texas Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) promoting healthful home food environments and parenting skills related to obesity prevention. Two-group randomized control trial; intervention versus usual EFNEP curriculum. Texas EFNEP classes. 1,104 EFNEP clients in 100 classes. Six short videos, with ...
Champ Martine - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: If the benefits of dietary fibre in healthy adults have extensively been studied, little information is available on the specific needs of pregnant, lactating women or foetus. As far as infants are concerned, milk oligosaccharides are supposed to be the optimal 'dietary fibre'. The supplementation of infant ...
Halkjaer J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe dietary protein intakes and their food sources among 27 redefined centres in 10 countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). METHODS: Between 1995 and 2000, 36 034 persons, aged between 35 and 74 years, were administered a standardized 24-h dietary recall (24-HDR) ...
Welch A A - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Adequate mineral intake is important for the maintenance of bone health, cellular function and general metabolism, and possibly in the aetiology of cancer and other chronic diseases. This study aimed at investigating variation in intakes of selected minerals across 10 European countries participating in the EPIC (European Prospective Investigation ...
Zeisel Steven H - - 2009
Choline was officially recognized as an essential nutrient by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1998. There is significant variation in the dietary requirement for choline that can be explained by common genetic polymorphisms. Because of its wide-ranging roles in human metabolism, from cell structure to neurotransmitter synthesis, choline-deficiency is ...
Sharma Sangita - - 2009
To: 1) characterize diet in Inuvialuit; 2) determine the foods and nutrients to be targeted for a nutritional intervention program; and 3) develop a Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (QFFQ) to evaluate the program and monitor nutrition transition for Inuvialuit in the Northwest Territories (NWT), Canada. Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls were collected ...
Akbaraly Tasnime N TN Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK. - - 2009
Studies of diet and depression have focused primarily on individual nutrients. To examine the association between dietary patterns and depression using an overall diet approach. Analyses were carried on data from 3486 participants (26.2% women, mean age 55.6 years) from the Whitehall II prospective cohort, in which two dietary patterns ...
Ceacero Francisco - - 2010
Optimal foraging predicts that animals should be able to assess the content of important nutrients in food. Ungulates discriminate salt and P, but discrimination of other minerals is controversial even though they are also essential and often limiting. Animal scientists have explained this taste through palatability, which predicts the same ...
Lander R - - 2010
To assess whether persistent micronutrient deficiencies in Mongolian children identified in our earlier biochemical study are associated with inadequacies in quantity and/or quality in their complementary diets. A cross-sectional study of breast-fed children aged 6-23 months, randomly selected from four districts in Ulaanbaatar and four provincial capitals. Weight and length ...
Caetano Michelle C - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the dietary intake of children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) using a 24-hour diet recall and relating it to the patients' clinical and anthropometric characteristics and to the drugs used in their treatment. METHODS: By means of a cross-sectional ...
Sharma Sangita - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To characterize dietary intake for Navajo adults, to identify foods for a nutritional intervention programme and to develop a culturally appropriate quantitative FFQ (QFFQ) for evaluating the impact of the intervention programme. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted using 24 h dietary recalls. SETTING: Navajo Nation, USA. SUBJECTS: Seventy-nine ...
Sharma Sangita - - 2010
The aims of the present study were to (1) characterise the diets of adult Inuit; (2) highlight foods for a nutritional and lifestyle intervention programme; (3) develop a quantitative FFQ (QFFQ) to evaluate the programme and monitor changes in dietary intake in this population over time. A dietary survey using ...
Prynne Celia J CJ Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge CB1 9NL, UK. - - 2010
An investigation was carried out to determine whether there were significant changes in the intake of dietary fibre (NSP) and phytate of adult men and women in the UK from 1982 (aged 36 years) to 1999 (aged 53 years). The 1253 subjects studied were members of the Medical Research Council ...
Yen Chia-Feng - - 2010
Little information is available on the prevalence and risk factors for less-healthy food intake among people with intellectual disabilities (ID). This study aimed to provide the information of healthy or less-healthy food intake among Taiwanese adolescents with ID and to examine the risk factors to their food intake. A cross-sectional ...
Zhang Qian - - 2010
To assess the association between protein intakes and bone mass accrual in girls, data were analysed for 757 pre-pubertal girls (mean age 10.1 years) in urban Beijing, China, who participated in a 5-year study including 2 years of milk supplementation (intervention groups only) and 3 years of follow-up study. At ...
Lioret Sandrine - - 2010
The objectives of the present study were to assess the intake of different food groups in French children aged 3-17 years (n 1455), and to analyse trends since a dietary survey undertaken 8 years ago. Dietary intake was evaluated using data from the 2006-7 cross-sectional INCA2 national dietary survey (?tude ...
Hoerr Sharon L - - 2009
Diets adequate in calcium and other key nutrients early in life are critical for optimal growth. This study's objective was to determine associations between beverage and dairy food intakes of mothers and their young children and food/beverage contributions to calcium at dinner meals from ethnically diverse families with limited incomes. ...
Batres-Marquez S Patricia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Little is known about rice consumption, related food intake patterns, and the nutritional contribution that rice provides in the diets of Americans. OBJECTIVE: To provide information about rice consumption in the United States and the diets of rice consumers. DESIGN: Data come from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes ...
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