Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1841
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Oliveira Andreia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Southern European Atlantic Diet (SEAD) is the traditional diet in northern Portugal and Galicia, a region in northwest Spain. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the association between adherence to the SEAD and the occurrence of nonfatal acute myocardial infarction (AMI). DESIGN: This was a population-based case-control study ...
Johnson-Down Louise - - 2010
Dietary habits among Arctic preschoolers are unknown. A cross-sectional health survey of 388 Inuit, aged 3-5 y, was conducted in 16 communities in Canada's Nunavut Territory. Twenty-four-hour recall and FFQ with parents and primary caregivers quantified diet from market and traditional foods (TF). The Institute of Medicine's Dietary Reference Intakes ...
Mikki Nahed - - 2010
To describe food habits and associated sociodemographic factors. Cross-sectional survey in 2005. Ninety-six school classes in Ramallah, Nablus and Hebron governorates, Occupied Palestinian Territory. Grade 8 and 9 students aged 13-15 years (n 2952). Self-administered student and parent questionnaires. High standard of living (STL) index and residence in Ramallah were ...
Kerr Maeve A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of location on snack intake among Northern Ireland (NI) children aged 5-8 years. METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed by 7-day weighed dietary records. Parents/children self defined type (meal/snack) and location of eating occasions. Locations were grouped as 'Home' or 'Out of home' (inclusive of school). ...
John Sneha S Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital NHS Trust, Norwich, - - 2010
The aetiology of ulcerative colitis (UC) is largely unknown, although it is plausible that dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may be protective. Metabolites derived from n-3 PUFAs are less proinflammatory than those from n-6 PUFAs. Earlier, no prospective cohort studies have investigated this hypothesis, using dietary information collected from ...
Spencer Elizabeth A EA Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2010
Some but not all epidemiological studies have reported that high intakes of red and processed meat are associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer. In the UK Dietary Cohort Consortium, we examined associations of meat, poultry and fish intakes with colorectal cancer risk using standardised individual dietary data pooled ...
Leite L H M - - 2010
Abstract Background: Epidemiological data suggest that calcium intake may influence lipid metabolism. It is unknown whether this influence also occurs in individuals with HIV/AIDS. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between dietary calcium, dairy food intake and metabolic parameters in individuals with HIV/AIDS. Methods: A cross-sectional study was ...
Cunha Diana Barbosa - - 2010
Traditional analysis of food intake usually fails to show an association between energy and nutrient intake and indicators of obesity. The analysis of food patterns can contribute to the understanding of the association between eating habits and anthropometric indicators. A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out on a low-income neighbourhood ...
Amirabdollahian F - - 2010
To estimate the phytate intake and molar ratio of phytate to zinc in the diet of the people in the United Kingdom. Tables of the phytate content of foods were developed from twenty-eight published and unpublished studies. They were then applied to the nutrient databank of the National Diet and ...
Alshatwi Ali A - - 2010
Diet plays an important role in DNA methylation, synthesis, and repair; intake has been associated with breast cancer. The folate-metabolizing enzyme, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is polymorphic at nucleotides 677 (C-->T), resulting in allozymes with altered activity and is thus believed to cause interindividual differences in cancer risk susceptibility. I evaluated ...
Rose Donald - - 2010
Research on neighborhood food access has focused on documenting disparities in the food environment and on assessing the links between the environment and consumption. Relatively few studies have combined in-store food availability measures with geographic mapping of stores. We review research that has used these multi-dimensional measures of access to ...
Elwood Peter C - - 2010
The health effects of milk and dairy food consumption would best be determined in randomised controlled trials. No adequately powered trial has been reported and none is likely because of the numbers required. The best evidence comes, therefore, from prospective cohort studies with disease events and death as outcomes. Medline ...
Khalil Cynthia Bou - - 2010
To describe dietary habits and extent of overweight and obesity among Cree youth. Dietary intake and habits were assessed by a 24 h recall and FFQ as part of a cross-sectional survey. Three Cree communities in northern Québec, Canada. A total of 125 youth aged 9-18 years. Overall 67·6 % ...
Colacino Justin A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Phthalates are compounds that are used in a wide range of consumer products. However, the contribution of dietary intake to phthalate exposure has not been well defined. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the contribution of different food types to phthalate exposure. Phthalates are chemicals of ...
Gu Yian Y The Taub Institute for Research in Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain, Columbia University, New York, NY, - - 2010
To assess the association between food combination and Alzheimer disease (AD) risk. Because foods are not consumed in isolation, dietary pattern (DP) analysis of food combination, taking into account the interactions among food components, may offer methodological advantages. Prospective cohort study. Northern Manhattan, New York, New York. Two thousand one ...
Bonthuis M - - 2010
Dairy foods contain various nutrients that may affect health. We investigated whether intake of dairy products or related nutrients is associated with mortality due to cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer and all causes. We carried out a 16-year prospective study among a community-based sample of 1529 adult Australians aged 25-78 years ...
Noori Nazanin - - 2010
Dietary phosphorus control is often a main strategy in the management of patients with chronic kidney disease. Dietary protein is a major source of phosphorus intake. Recent data indicate that imposed dietary phosphorus restriction may compromise the need for adequate protein intake, leading to protein-energy wasting and possibly to increased ...
Appleton Katherine M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate barriers to increasing fruit and vegetable (f + v) intakes in a large sample of the older population of Northern Ireland (NI), in relation to current intakes. DESIGN: The study was conducted using a telephone survey assessing f + v intakes, barriers to increasing intakes and various ...
Delisle Hélène - - 2010
In population groups undergoing nutrition transition, it is important to identify healthy and culturally relevant dietary patterns that can be promoted as a means of preventing diet-related chronic diseases. Dietary pattern analyses using data-driven methods are useful for the purpose. The central question addressed in this overview paper is whether ...
Tucker Katherine L - - 2010
Nutrition research has traditionally focused on single nutrients in relation to health. However, recent appreciation of the complex synergistic interactions among nutrients and other food constituents has led to a growing interest in total dietary patterns. Methods of measurement include summation of food or nutrient recommendations met, such as the ...
Toffanello E D - - 2010
To explore the trends of food preferences and nutrient intake over a 10-year follow-up in a group of successfully aging elderly. Longitudinal study. City of Padua, Italy. Randomly stratified sample of 97 men and 94 women born between 1913 and 1918. The study involved a dietary assessment conducted in 1988/89 ...
Llena Puy C - - 2010
AIM: The study analyzes the consumption of cariogenic foods in a population of children between 6 and 10 years old. METHODS: Transversal descriptive study on a sample of 369 children who first attended to the Department 9 Dentistry dental office of the Valencia Region Health Agency (Spain). A self-administered food ...
Choi Seul Ki - - 2010
North Korean defectors who settle in South Korea have experienced severe food shortage and transition of food environment which could affect their health status. However, little is known about their anthropometric measurements and dietary intake after settlement in South Korea. The purpose of this study is to compare anthropometric measurements ...
Soda Kuniyasu - - 2010
In addition to general lifestyle, a number of foods and dietary patterns, such as the Mediterranean diet (MD), are associated with lower incidences of chronic, age-related diseases, and mortality. We have shown that increased polyamine intake decreases age-associated pathology and increases longevity in mice. Several foods in the MD, such ...
Sookwong Phumon - - 2010
Tocotrienol (T3) is an unsaturated form of natural vitamin E that has been focused on because of its potential health benefits (i.e., antioxidative, antihypercholesterolemic, and antiangiogenic effects). The presence of T3 in some plant sources (e.g., rice bran and palm oil) is known, but its distribution in other edible sources ...
Earland J - - 2010
Although African-Caribbeans in the UK are more likely to suffer from a number of diet-related health conditions, including obesity, hypertension and type II diabetes, there have been few dietary studies on this group. The present study is based on a small survey of food and nutrient intakes and traditional dietary ...
Sioen Isabelle - - 2010
Food consumption data of Flemish women of reproductive age collected in 2002 showed a large deficit for ALA and n-3 LC PUFA compared to the recommendations (mean ALA and EPA + DHA intake 1.4 g/day and 209 mg/day, respectively) and indicated a need to tackle the problem of low n-3 ...
Seghers Jan - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to explore the existence of clusters in multiple lifestyle behaviours, including physical activity (PA), sedentariness and food habits, in young adolescents. The present study also investigated whether the identified groups could be characterised by gender and components of health-related physical fitness, especially weight ...
Flood V M - - 2010
Few longitudinal population-based cohort studies of older people have described dietary intakes over time. The objective of this study was to assess changes in the food and nutrient intake in a cohort of older Australians, using longitudinal data collected over 10 years. Population-based cohort of people aged 49 years and ...
Lakind Judy S - - 2011
Nationally representative data on urinary levels of bisphenol A (BPA) and its metabolites in the United States from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to estimate daily BPA intakes. In addition, NHANES data on potential sources of BPA exposure and personal characteristics were explored for ...
Micha Renata R Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. - - 2010
The overall consumption of trans fatty acids (TFAs) increases the risk of coronary artery disease. However, multiple TFA isomers exist, each with potentially different health effects. Different food sources of these specific TFA isomers are not well established. Our objective was to determine the major independent food sources of specific ...
Hart C N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Young children's first experiences with food may influence development of food preferences and lifelong eating habits. However, little is known about what factors are associated with the development of eating behaviours in infants and toddlers. Studies with older children and adolescents suggest that parental food intake is associated with ...
Cortez Ana Paula Bidutte - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the food intake, anthropometry, body composition, and sexual maturity of children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis. METHODS: Thirty-seven children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis were studied. A questionnaire was given to evaluate food intake over a 24-hour period. Weight, height, and skin-fold thickness were measured. Electric impedance ...
Choi Hyon K - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the recent data on lifestyle factors that influence serum uric acid levels and the risk of gout and attempts to provide holistic recommendations, considering both their impact on gout as well as on other health implications. RECENT FINDINGS: Large-scale studies have clarified a number ...
Zamora-Ros Raul - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have suggested associations between flavonoid intake and health benefits. Traditional Mediterranean diets consist of a high consumption of plant products rich in flavonoids. OBJECTIVE: This study estimates dietary flavonoid intake and main food sources in a Mediterranean population (Spanish adults). DESIGN: The study included 40,683 subjects aged ...
Deriemaeker Peter - - 2010
A first objective of the present study was to estimate the acid-base balance of the food intake in vegetarians and non-vegetarians. A second objective was to evaluate if additional input of specific food items on the existing potential renal acid load (PRAL) list was necessary for the comparison of the ...
Moreira Pedro - - 2010
Our study aimed to describe the association between food patterns and gender, parental education, physical activity, sleeping and obesity in 1976 children aged 5-10 years old. Dietary intake was measured by a semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire; body mass index was calculated and categorized according to the IOTF classification. Factor ...
Temme E - - 2010
Belgium until recently lacked a systematic survey of dietary habits of its inhabitants. The present study evaluated dietary composition in Belgium with respect to energy and macronutrient intakes. Information on food intake was collected using a repeated non-consecutive 24 h recall (2-8 weeks apart) with the validated software package EPIC-SOFT, ...
Anderson Amy L - - 2010
Dietary patterns may better capture the multifaceted effects of diet on body composition than individual nutrients or foods. The objective of this study was to investigate the dietary patterns of a cohort of older adults, and examine relationships of dietary patterns with body composition. The influence of a polymorphism in ...
Reedy Jill - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI-2005), a tool designed to evaluate concordance with the 2005 Dietary Guidelines, has been used to monitor the quality of foods consumed by Americans. Because the HEI-2005 is not tied to individual requirements and is scored on a per 1000 kcal basis, it can be ...
Lee Ji Eun - - 2011
This study was performed to identify dietary patterns in Korean men and to determine the associations among dietary patterns, nutrient intake, and health-risk factors. Using baseline data from the Korean Health and Genome Study, dietary patterns were identified using factor analysis of data from a validated food-frequency questionnaire, and associations ...
Sutherland Lisa A LA Dartmouth Medical School, Hood Center for Children and Families, Community Health Research Program, Department of Pediatrics, HB 7465, One Medical Center Dr, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA. - - 2010
The objective of this study was to describe food and beverage brand placements in a large representative sample of popular movies. We identified and coded brand placements for foods, beverages, and food retail establishments in the top 20 US box office movie hits for each year from 1996 to 2005. ...
Triggs Christopher M - - 2010
Diet is known to play a major role in the symptoms of the inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn's disease (CD). Although no single diet is appropriate to all individuals, most CD patients are aware of foods that provide adverse or beneficial effects. This study seeks to categorise foods in relation to ...
Larson Nicole I - - 2010
BACKGROUND: National survey data indicate few adolescents or young adults consume whole grains in the amount recommended to prevent chronic disease and maintain a healthful weight. Interventions are needed to address this gap; however, little is known about what modifiable factors influence whole-grain intake among youth. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed ...
Sinha Tapan - - 2010
Many studies have been done to determine the risk factors associated with urolithiasis so that preventive measures can be undertaken to prevent stone formation. However the exact aetiology of urinary stones still remains elusive. A prospective control study of epidemiological factors that influence urinary stone formation was done to determine ...
Sluyter John D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare dietary intakes of European, Māori, Pacific Island and Asian adolescents living in Auckland. METHODS: A self-administered food frequency questionnaire was used to assess daily nutrient intakes of 2,549 14- to 21-year-old high-school students in Auckland (1,422 male and 1,127 female) in a cross-sectional survey carried out between ...
Agostoni Carlo - - 2010
Breakfast represents a healthy habit and associations with positive health outcomes have been widely described. Breakfast should be consistent with local and family dietary traditions. The proportion of breakfast skippers in the pediatric and adolescent diet range 10-30% throughout the world. Policies and interventions supportive of breakfast consumption are therefore ...
Alam Nurul - - 2010
This study estimated the levels and differentials in nutritional status and dietary intake and relevant knowledge of adolescent girls in rural Bangladesh using data from the Baseline Survey 2004 of the National Nutrition Programme. A stratified two-stage random cluster-sampling was used for selecting 4,993 unmarried adolescent girls aged 13-18 years ...
Prieto Rafael M - - 2010
Important health benefits have been reported recently to phytate intake. This includes the prevention of pathological calcifications such as renal calculi, dental calculi and cardiovascular calcification, due its action as crystallization inhibitor of calcium salts, and as preventive of cancer. The aim of this study was to establish a relation ...
Maillot Matthieu M 1INSERM U476, UMR1260, Nutriments Lipidiques et Prévention des Maladies Métaboliques, Marseille, - - 2010
Nutritious yet inexpensive foods do exist. However, many such foods are rejected by the low-income consumer. Is it because their use violates unspoken social norms? The present study was designed to assess the variety and cost of the lowest-cost market basket of foods that simultaneously met required dietary standards and ...
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