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Results 251 - 300 of 1822
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Delisle Hélène - - 2010
In population groups undergoing nutrition transition, it is important to identify healthy and culturally relevant dietary patterns that can be promoted as a means of preventing diet-related chronic diseases. Dietary pattern analyses using data-driven methods are useful for the purpose. The central question addressed in this overview paper is whether ...
Tucker Katherine L - - 2010
Nutrition research has traditionally focused on single nutrients in relation to health. However, recent appreciation of the complex synergistic interactions among nutrients and other food constituents has led to a growing interest in total dietary patterns. Methods of measurement include summation of food or nutrient recommendations met, such as the ...
Toffanello E D - - 2010
To explore the trends of food preferences and nutrient intake over a 10-year follow-up in a group of successfully aging elderly. Longitudinal study. City of Padua, Italy. Randomly stratified sample of 97 men and 94 women born between 1913 and 1918. The study involved a dietary assessment conducted in 1988/89 ...
Llena Puy C - - 2010
AIM: The study analyzes the consumption of cariogenic foods in a population of children between 6 and 10 years old. METHODS: Transversal descriptive study on a sample of 369 children who first attended to the Department 9 Dentistry dental office of the Valencia Region Health Agency (Spain). A self-administered food ...
Choi Seul Ki - - 2010
North Korean defectors who settle in South Korea have experienced severe food shortage and transition of food environment which could affect their health status. However, little is known about their anthropometric measurements and dietary intake after settlement in South Korea. The purpose of this study is to compare anthropometric measurements ...
Soda Kuniyasu - - 2010
In addition to general lifestyle, a number of foods and dietary patterns, such as the Mediterranean diet (MD), are associated with lower incidences of chronic, age-related diseases, and mortality. We have shown that increased polyamine intake decreases age-associated pathology and increases longevity in mice. Several foods in the MD, such ...
Sookwong Phumon - - 2010
Tocotrienol (T3) is an unsaturated form of natural vitamin E that has been focused on because of its potential health benefits (i.e., antioxidative, antihypercholesterolemic, and antiangiogenic effects). The presence of T3 in some plant sources (e.g., rice bran and palm oil) is known, but its distribution in other edible sources ...
Earland J - - 2010
Although African-Caribbeans in the UK are more likely to suffer from a number of diet-related health conditions, including obesity, hypertension and type II diabetes, there have been few dietary studies on this group. The present study is based on a small survey of food and nutrient intakes and traditional dietary ...
Sioen Isabelle - - 2010
Food consumption data of Flemish women of reproductive age collected in 2002 showed a large deficit for ALA and n-3 LC PUFA compared to the recommendations (mean ALA and EPA + DHA intake 1.4 g/day and 209 mg/day, respectively) and indicated a need to tackle the problem of low n-3 ...
Seghers Jan - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to explore the existence of clusters in multiple lifestyle behaviours, including physical activity (PA), sedentariness and food habits, in young adolescents. The present study also investigated whether the identified groups could be characterised by gender and components of health-related physical fitness, especially weight ...
Flood V M - - 2010
Few longitudinal population-based cohort studies of older people have described dietary intakes over time. The objective of this study was to assess changes in the food and nutrient intake in a cohort of older Australians, using longitudinal data collected over 10 years. Population-based cohort of people aged 49 years and ...
Lakind Judy S - - 2011
Nationally representative data on urinary levels of bisphenol A (BPA) and its metabolites in the United States from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to estimate daily BPA intakes. In addition, NHANES data on potential sources of BPA exposure and personal characteristics were explored for ...
Micha Renata - - 2010
The overall consumption of trans fatty acids (TFAs) increases the risk of coronary artery disease. However, multiple TFA isomers exist, each with potentially different health effects. Different food sources of these specific TFA isomers are not well established. Our objective was to determine the major independent food sources of specific ...
Hart C N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Young children's first experiences with food may influence development of food preferences and lifelong eating habits. However, little is known about what factors are associated with the development of eating behaviours in infants and toddlers. Studies with older children and adolescents suggest that parental food intake is associated with ...
Cortez Ana Paula Bidutte - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the food intake, anthropometry, body composition, and sexual maturity of children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis. METHODS: Thirty-seven children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis were studied. A questionnaire was given to evaluate food intake over a 24-hour period. Weight, height, and skin-fold thickness were measured. Electric impedance ...
Choi Hyon K - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the recent data on lifestyle factors that influence serum uric acid levels and the risk of gout and attempts to provide holistic recommendations, considering both their impact on gout as well as on other health implications. RECENT FINDINGS: Large-scale studies have clarified a number ...
Zamora-Ros Raul - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have suggested associations between flavonoid intake and health benefits. Traditional Mediterranean diets consist of a high consumption of plant products rich in flavonoids. OBJECTIVE: This study estimates dietary flavonoid intake and main food sources in a Mediterranean population (Spanish adults). DESIGN: The study included 40,683 subjects aged ...
Deriemaeker Peter - - 2010
A first objective of the present study was to estimate the acid-base balance of the food intake in vegetarians and non-vegetarians. A second objective was to evaluate if additional input of specific food items on the existing potential renal acid load (PRAL) list was necessary for the comparison of the ...
Moreira Pedro - - 2010
Our study aimed to describe the association between food patterns and gender, parental education, physical activity, sleeping and obesity in 1976 children aged 5-10 years old. Dietary intake was measured by a semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire; body mass index was calculated and categorized according to the IOTF classification. Factor ...
Temme E - - 2010
Belgium until recently lacked a systematic survey of dietary habits of its inhabitants. The present study evaluated dietary composition in Belgium with respect to energy and macronutrient intakes. Information on food intake was collected using a repeated non-consecutive 24 h recall (2-8 weeks apart) with the validated software package EPIC-SOFT, ...
Anderson Amy L - - 2010
Dietary patterns may better capture the multifaceted effects of diet on body composition than individual nutrients or foods. The objective of this study was to investigate the dietary patterns of a cohort of older adults, and examine relationships of dietary patterns with body composition. The influence of a polymorphism in ...
Reedy Jill - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI-2005), a tool designed to evaluate concordance with the 2005 Dietary Guidelines, has been used to monitor the quality of foods consumed by Americans. Because the HEI-2005 is not tied to individual requirements and is scored on a per 1000 kcal basis, it can be ...
Lee Ji Eun - - 2011
This study was performed to identify dietary patterns in Korean men and to determine the associations among dietary patterns, nutrient intake, and health-risk factors. Using baseline data from the Korean Health and Genome Study, dietary patterns were identified using factor analysis of data from a validated food-frequency questionnaire, and associations ...
Sutherland Lisa A LA Dartmouth Medical School, Hood Center for Children and Families, Community Health Research Program, Department of Pediatrics, HB 7465, One Medical Center Dr, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA. - - 2010
The objective of this study was to describe food and beverage brand placements in a large representative sample of popular movies. We identified and coded brand placements for foods, beverages, and food retail establishments in the top 20 US box office movie hits for each year from 1996 to 2005. ...
Triggs Christopher M - - 2010
Diet is known to play a major role in the symptoms of the inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn's disease (CD). Although no single diet is appropriate to all individuals, most CD patients are aware of foods that provide adverse or beneficial effects. This study seeks to categorise foods in relation to ...
Larson Nicole I - - 2010
BACKGROUND: National survey data indicate few adolescents or young adults consume whole grains in the amount recommended to prevent chronic disease and maintain a healthful weight. Interventions are needed to address this gap; however, little is known about what modifiable factors influence whole-grain intake among youth. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed ...
Sinha Tapan - - 2010
Many studies have been done to determine the risk factors associated with urolithiasis so that preventive measures can be undertaken to prevent stone formation. However the exact aetiology of urinary stones still remains elusive. A prospective control study of epidemiological factors that influence urinary stone formation was done to determine ...
Sluyter John D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare dietary intakes of European, Māori, Pacific Island and Asian adolescents living in Auckland. METHODS: A self-administered food frequency questionnaire was used to assess daily nutrient intakes of 2,549 14- to 21-year-old high-school students in Auckland (1,422 male and 1,127 female) in a cross-sectional survey carried out between ...
Agostoni Carlo - - 2010
Breakfast represents a healthy habit and associations with positive health outcomes have been widely described. Breakfast should be consistent with local and family dietary traditions. The proportion of breakfast skippers in the pediatric and adolescent diet range 10-30% throughout the world. Policies and interventions supportive of breakfast consumption are therefore ...
Alam Nurul - - 2010
This study estimated the levels and differentials in nutritional status and dietary intake and relevant knowledge of adolescent girls in rural Bangladesh using data from the Baseline Survey 2004 of the National Nutrition Programme. A stratified two-stage random cluster-sampling was used for selecting 4,993 unmarried adolescent girls aged 13-18 years ...
Prieto Rafael M - - 2010
Important health benefits have been reported recently to phytate intake. This includes the prevention of pathological calcifications such as renal calculi, dental calculi and cardiovascular calcification, due its action as crystallization inhibitor of calcium salts, and as preventive of cancer. The aim of this study was to establish a relation ...
Maillot Matthieu - - 2010
Nutritious yet inexpensive foods do exist. However, many such foods are rejected by the low-income consumer. Is it because their use violates unspoken social norms? The present study was designed to assess the variety and cost of the lowest-cost market basket of foods that simultaneously met required dietary standards and ...
MacFarlane Abbie - - 2010
Examine associations between parental concern about adolescent weight and adolescent perceptions of their dietary intake, home food availability, family mealtime environment, and parents' feeding practices. Cross-sectional study. Adolescents, aged 12-15 years from 37 secondary schools in Victoria, Australia, and their parents completed surveys in 2004-2005. 1,448 adolescent-parent pairs. Parental concern ...
V?gstrand Karin - - 2010
The present study has explored mother-child relationships in the intake of different food groups and the sex differences in these relationships. A population-based sample of 471 mother-child pairs from Stockholm completed a dietary questionnaire to assess habitual dietary intake. Girls showed overall stronger correlations with their mothers' diet than boys ...
Liese Angela D - - 2010
We aimed to identify food intake patterns that operate via haemostatic and inflammatory pathways on progression of atherosclerosis among 802 middle-aged adults with baseline and 5-year follow-up ultrasound measurements of common (CCA) and internal carotid artery (ICA) intimal medial thickness (IMT). Food intake was ascertained with an FFQ. We derived ...
Kalantar-Zadeh Kamyar - - 2010
In individuals with chronic kidney disease, high dietary phosphorus (P) burden may worsen hyperparathyroidism and renal osteodystrophy, promote vascular calcification and cardiovascular events, and increase mortality. In addition to the absolute amount of dietary P, its type (organic versus inorganic), source (animal versus plant derived), and ratio to dietary protein ...
Méjean C - - 2010
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Few studies in Europe have examined the relationship of sociodemographic and economic factors with diet in deprived populations. We analysed the association between socioeconomic characteristics and consumption of different food groups in food aid users. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among food aid users in four urban French ...
Shaheen S O SO Respiratory Epidemiology and Public Health Group, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, UK. - - 2010
Previous studies of diet and lung function have focused on associations with individual nutrients and foods, and not dietary patterns. The relationships between dietary patterns and lung function and spirometrically defined chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were investigated in 1,551 males and 1,391 females in Hertfordshire, UK. Dietary information was ...
Park Kyoung Sik - - 2010
One of the most important objectives of post-marketing monitoring of dietary supplements is the early detection of unknown and unexpected adverse events (AEs). Since 2006, the Korea Food & Drug Administration (KFDA) has established an AE monitoring system for dietary supplements with emphases on the facilitation of AE reporting from ...
Beking Kristopher - - 2010
Dietary flavonoids and their metabolites may have neuroprotective effects against age-associated neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's and related dementias (dementia). There is a lack of population studies, however, on correlations between flavonoid intake and dementia. The main objective of the present study was to analyse such a relationship at a ...
Rees Gail - - 2010
To evaluate the effectiveness of a computer-generated tailored intervention leaflet compared with a generic leaflet aimed at increasing brown bread, wholegrain cereal, fruit and vegetable intakes in adolescent girls. Clustered randomised controlled trial. Dietary intake was assessed via three 24 h dietary recalls. Eight secondary schools in areas of low ...
Sharma Sushma - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between intakes of subgroups of energy-providing carbohydrate, and markers of cardiometabolic risk factors in high BMI African American (AA) children.A cross sectional analysis was performed on data from a sample of 9-11 year old children (n = 95) with BMI ...
Merchenthaler Istvan - - 2010
Galanin has diverse physiological functions, including nociception, arousal/sleep regulation, cognition, and many aspects of neuroendocrine activities that are associated with feeding, energy metabolism, thermoregulation, osmotic and water balance, and reproduction. This review will provide a brief overview of galanin action in some major neuroendocrine processes. Most of the recent data ...
Warensjo Eva - - 2010
Dairy food comprises a range of different products with varying nutritional components. In the context of a healthy diet, dairy food may provide protection against and amelioration of chronic diseases related to obesity. These include overweight, insulin resistance/metabolic syndrome/type 2 diabetes, hypertension/stroke, and cardiovascular disease. Eliciting how dairy food may ...
Ishikawa Tomohisa - - 2010
The effects of an oral rehydration solution (ORS) on fatigue were studied in workers engaged in manual work during the summer. One hundred and fifty-three workers engaged in loading cargo onto aircraft at Tokyo International Airport who consented to participate in the study were the subjects. The study was carried ...
Maruti Sonia S - - 2010
beta-glucuronidase, an acid hydrolase that deconjugates glucuronides, may increase cancer risk; however, little is known about factors associated with human beta -glucuronidase. Our objective was to examine whether dietary and demographic factors were associated with serum beta -glucuronidase activity. We conducted a cross-sectional study among 279 healthy men and women ...
Atikessé Laura - - 2010
Purpose: Food consumption patterns of an Innu community were described and the benefits of traditional food (TF) were investigated in relation to body mass index (BMI). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using food frequency and 24-hour recall questionnaires to evaluate consumption patterns (n=118) and to assess energy and nutrient ...
Yang Yoon Jung - - 2010
Adolescence is a critical time to achieve peak bone mass. However, results of national surveys suggest that young people are not consuming adequate amounts of calcium. A simple calcium self-assessment tool with low respondent burden could provide immediate feedback that may encourage calcium consumption. This study used data reduction methods ...
Thompson Rachel - - 2010
The recommendations of a major report on dietary aspects of cancer prevention are summarised and discussed. The findings of The World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF)/American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) Second Expert Report Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective were published in 2007 and ...
Sanwalka Neha J - - 2010
Adequate intake of calcium is important for skeletal growth. Low calcium intake during childhood and adolescence may lead to decreased bone mass accrual thereby increasing the risk of osteoporotic fractures. Our aim was to study dietary calcium intake and sources of calcium in adolescents from lower and upper economic strata ...
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