Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1822
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Haug Line S - - 2010
Commercially used perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) have been widely detected in wildlife and humans, but the sources of human exposure are not fully characterized. The objectives of this study were to explore possible associations between concentrations of PFCs in serum and consumption of food with particular focus on seafood, and to ...
Assis Maria Alice Altenburg de - - 2010
A qualitative evaluation of the diet of a probabilistic sample of 7-10 year old schoolchildren (n=1,232) from Florianópolis (southern Brazil) was carried out by analyzing compliance with recommendations from the Brazilian Food Guidelines. The strengths and limitations of the Previous Day Food Questionnaire (PDFQ) are also presented. Frequencies of intake ...
Hirayama Fumi - - 2010
The Japanese diet is high in soy products and fish. A case-control study was conducted in Japan to investigate the relationship between dietary intake of isoflavones and fatty acids and lung function, breathlessness and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A total of 278 referred patients aged 50-75 years with COPD ...
Noori Nazanin - - 2010
Hyperkalemia has been associated with higher mortality in long-term hemodialysis (HD) patients. There are few data concerning the relationship between dietary potassium intake and outcome. The mortality predictability of dietary potassium intake from reported food items estimated using the Block Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) at the start of the cohort ...
Liberona Yessica - - 2011
To assess the nutritional status, food intake and physical activity patterns in schoolchildren attending 5th and 6th grade in basic schools from different socio-economic levels in the metropolitan region of Santiago. Cross-sectional study in children 5th and 6th grade of eighteen basic schools in the metropolitan region of Santiago. Boys ...
Rollins Brandi Y - - 2010
Research on the development of snack food likes and dislikes from childhood to adolescence is limited. We investigated both the stability and the change in liking (i.e., "like", "neither like nor dislike", "dislike") and rank-order liking (i.e., liking one food more than others; e.g., "I like chocolate more than cookies") ...
Olinto Maria Teresa A - - 2011
To identify dietary patterns among young adults and the relationships with socio-economic, demographic and lifestyle characteristics. Population-based, cross-sectional analysis of a cohort study. Food intake was assessed by a frequency questionnaire, and dietary patterns were identified using principal components analysis. Southern Brazil. A total of 4202 men and women aged ...
Yannakoulia Mary - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate potential associations between diet- and physical activity-related lifestyle patterns and obesity indices in a cohort of children. STUDY DESIGN: Dietary and physical activity information and anthropometric indices were collected from 1138 children (53% girls; age, 11.2 ± 0.7 years). Dietary intake was evaluated with two 24-hour recalls, ...
Gunnarsdottir I - - 2010
During the last decades, fish and milk consumption has decreased considerably in Iceland, especially among adolescents. As these food items are important dietary iodine (I) sources, the aim of the study was to assess the iodine status and dietary pattern of adolescent girls in a population changing from a high ...
Hall Ramon S - - 2010
Liking of a particular food after repeated consumption may be reduced, limiting the effectiveness of health-functional foods requiring on-going consumption to deliver their benefits. This study examined the effect of repeated consumption of foods containing the novel ingredient, Australian sweet lupin (Lupinus angustifolius) kernel fibre (LKFibre) on sensory acceptability in ...
Costenbader Karen H - - 2010
Antioxidants may protect against development of rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus by combating oxidative stress. The authors identified and confirmed incident cases of rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus among 184,643 US women followed in the Nurses' Health Study and Nurses' Health Study II cohorts in 1980-2004. Semiquantitative food ...
Kjøllesdal Marte Råberg - - 2011
To explore socio-economic differences in use of staff canteens and whether frequent use of staff canteens is associated with different food patterns and obesity. Cross-sectional study using three self-administered questionnaires, two of them including food frequency questions. Factor analysis was used to explore food patterns. Oslo, Norway, 2000-2001. In total ...
Vandevijvere Stefanie - - 2010
To assess the relationship(s) between overall and within-food group diversity and several indices of dietary quality, such as dietary adequacy, moderation and balance, in Belgian adults. Dietary quality indices were derived from the food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG). Information on food intake was collected with two 24 h recalls. Average overall ...
Laska Melissa N - - 2010
To examine neighbourhood food environments, adolescent nutrition and weight status. Cross-sectional, observational study. Minneapolis/St. Paul metropolitan region, Minnesota, USA. A total of 349 adolescents were recruited to the study. Participants completed 24 h dietary recalls and had their weight and height measured. They also reported demographic information and other diet-related ...
Alexy U - - 2010
To quantify the intake of grain and whole grain, and their food sources, as well as to investigate the age and time trends over the last decade in a sample of German children and adolescents. Dietary records from the Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed (DONALD) Study were used for ...
Ghadirian Parviz - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the consumption of specific food groups predicts the risk of pancreatic cancer, a case-control study of nutrition and pancreatic cancer among French-Canadians was carried out in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. A total of 179 pancreatic cancer cases (97 males and 82 females) ...
Prasad Marianne - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the diet of a population of pregnant Finnish women over a period of 7 years, with special attention paid to seasonal fluctuations in food consumption and nutrient intake. DESIGN: A validated 181-item FFQ was applied retrospectively, after delivery, to assess the maternal diet during the 8th month ...
Reinivuo Heli - - 2010
A cross-sectional survey, FINDIET 2007, was carried out in Finland. Food intake data was collected by a 48 h recall interview. Additional food intake data was collected by a repeated 3 d food diary, a barcode-based product diary, a food frequency questionnaire and by a supplementary questionnaire on rarely eaten ...
Snyder Sandra M - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Personalized nutritional counseling about calcium intake during office encounters requires rapid estimation of calcium intake. We compared the accuracy of physician estimates to a validated calcium intake measure and characterized women whose intakes were incorrectly deemed inadequate by physicians. METHODS: As part of a controlled trial of ...
Krukowski Rebecca A - - 2010
Recently, there has been increased attention to the food environment's impact on chronic disease, specifically obesity and cardiovascular disease. Cancer is certainly another substantial public health concern, and dietary intake and obesity/overweight have been identified as two key cancer risk factors; however, the role of the food environment in cancer-prevention ...
Heaney Susan - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare strategies for assessing nutritional adequacy in the dietary intake of elite female athletes. METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed using an adapted food-frequency questionnaire in 72 elite female athletes from a variety of sports. Nutritional adequacy was evaluated and compared using mean intake; the proportion ...
Edwards J S A - - 2010
International study is becoming more prevalent, yet aspects such as food neophobia often militate against visiting students consuming a nutritionally balanced diet. The present study aimed to evaluate the extent to which international post-graduate students experience food neophobia, how this might vary by nationality and other demographic characteristics, and how ...
Pietinen Pirjo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The National FINDIET surveys are carried out every 5 years to monitor dietary habits and nutrient intake of the adult Finnish population. The latest survey was carried out in 2007. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. Dietary assessment was carried out using 48 h recall interviews. A picture book of food ...
Mink Michael - - 2010
The ubiquity of television in American culture makes it a potential contributor to the obesogenic (obesity-causing) environment. Televised food advertisements, which encourage viewers to eat the foods promoted for sale, constitute a de facto set of dietary endorsements. The purpose of this study was to compare the nutritional content of ...
Lehtisalo Jenni - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the food consumption and nutrient intake between 3-year-old children cared for at home full-time and those attending day care outside the home. Nutrient intake on weekdays and weekends was also studied. DESIGN: Cross-sectional sample of children invited to the nutrition study within the Type 1 ...
Vossenaar Marieke - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) 1997 recommendations for cancer prevention were meant to apply to children as well as adults. OBJECTIVE: To assess the concordance of behaviors and body composition of urban Guatemalan schoolchildren with the tenets of the WCRF/AICR 1997 recommendations. METHODS: A ...
Chung Chin Eun - - 2010
Although noodles occupy an important place in the dietary lives of Americans, up until the present time research and in-depth data on the noodle consumption patterns of the US population have been very limited. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the food consumption and diet patterns of noodle consumers and ...
Savoca Margaret R - - 2010
To quantify the association between food avoidance and modification due to oral health problems, to examine the association between food practices and dietary quality, and to determine foods associated with these self-management behaviors. Cross-sectional. Rural North Carolina. Six hundred thirty-five community-dwelling adults aged 60 and older. Demographic and food frequency ...
Bansal Dheeraj - - 2010
To study the impact of migration on food consumption among Indian factory workers and their siblings and spouses. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess diet using an interviewer-administered semi-quantitative FFQ from which intake of 184 commonly consumed food items was obtained. Participants recruited from factory sites in Bangalore, Lucknow, ...
Paineau D - - 2010
The ELPAS (Etude Longitudinale Prospective Alimentation et Santé) study was an 8-month randomized controlled dietary modification trial designed to test the hypothesis that family dietary coaching would improve nutritional intakes and weight control in 2026 free-living children and parents. It resulted in significant nutritional changes, with beneficial effects on body ...
Pereira Carolina A N - - 2010
This study investigated how recently arrived refugees acquired food in their local food neighbourhood. Ten African humanitarian migrants belonging to separate households were asked to keep a travel and food diary for one week. Participants' food neighbourhoods were mapped using online satellite pictures and direct observation. On average 78 food ...
Carvalho-Wells Andrew L - - 2010
Epidemiological studies have shown an inverse relationship between risk of CVD and intake of whole grain (WG)-rich food. Regular consumption of breakfast cereals can provide not only an increase in dietary WG but also improvements to cardiovascular health. Various mechanisms have been proposed, including prebiotic modulation of the colonic microbiota. ...
Oliveira Andreia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Southern European Atlantic Diet (SEAD) is the traditional diet in northern Portugal and Galicia, a region in northwest Spain. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the association between adherence to the SEAD and the occurrence of nonfatal acute myocardial infarction (AMI). DESIGN: This was a population-based case-control study ...
Johnson-Down Louise - - 2010
Dietary habits among Arctic preschoolers are unknown. A cross-sectional health survey of 388 Inuit, aged 3-5 y, was conducted in 16 communities in Canada's Nunavut Territory. Twenty-four-hour recall and FFQ with parents and primary caregivers quantified diet from market and traditional foods (TF). The Institute of Medicine's Dietary Reference Intakes ...
Mikki Nahed - - 2010
To describe food habits and associated sociodemographic factors. Cross-sectional survey in 2005. Ninety-six school classes in Ramallah, Nablus and Hebron governorates, Occupied Palestinian Territory. Grade 8 and 9 students aged 13-15 years (n 2952). Self-administered student and parent questionnaires. High standard of living (STL) index and residence in Ramallah were ...
Kerr Maeve A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of location on snack intake among Northern Ireland (NI) children aged 5-8 years. METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed by 7-day weighed dietary records. Parents/children self defined type (meal/snack) and location of eating occasions. Locations were grouped as 'Home' or 'Out of home' (inclusive of school). ...
John Sneha S Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital NHS Trust, Norwich, - - 2010
The aetiology of ulcerative colitis (UC) is largely unknown, although it is plausible that dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may be protective. Metabolites derived from n-3 PUFAs are less proinflammatory than those from n-6 PUFAs. Earlier, no prospective cohort studies have investigated this hypothesis, using dietary information collected from ...
Spencer Elizabeth A EA Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2010
Some but not all epidemiological studies have reported that high intakes of red and processed meat are associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer. In the UK Dietary Cohort Consortium, we examined associations of meat, poultry and fish intakes with colorectal cancer risk using standardised individual dietary data pooled ...
Leite L H M - - 2010
Abstract Background: Epidemiological data suggest that calcium intake may influence lipid metabolism. It is unknown whether this influence also occurs in individuals with HIV/AIDS. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between dietary calcium, dairy food intake and metabolic parameters in individuals with HIV/AIDS. Methods: A cross-sectional study was ...
Cunha Diana Barbosa - - 2010
Traditional analysis of food intake usually fails to show an association between energy and nutrient intake and indicators of obesity. The analysis of food patterns can contribute to the understanding of the association between eating habits and anthropometric indicators. A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out on a low-income neighbourhood ...
Amirabdollahian F - - 2010
To estimate the phytate intake and molar ratio of phytate to zinc in the diet of the people in the United Kingdom. Tables of the phytate content of foods were developed from twenty-eight published and unpublished studies. They were then applied to the nutrient databank of the National Diet and ...
Alshatwi Ali A - - 2010
Diet plays an important role in DNA methylation, synthesis, and repair; intake has been associated with breast cancer. The folate-metabolizing enzyme, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is polymorphic at nucleotides 677 (C-->T), resulting in allozymes with altered activity and is thus believed to cause interindividual differences in cancer risk susceptibility. I evaluated ...
Rose Donald - - 2010
Research on neighborhood food access has focused on documenting disparities in the food environment and on assessing the links between the environment and consumption. Relatively few studies have combined in-store food availability measures with geographic mapping of stores. We review research that has used these multi-dimensional measures of access to ...
Elwood Peter C - - 2010
The health effects of milk and dairy food consumption would best be determined in randomised controlled trials. No adequately powered trial has been reported and none is likely because of the numbers required. The best evidence comes, therefore, from prospective cohort studies with disease events and death as outcomes. Medline ...
Khalil Cynthia Bou - - 2010
To describe dietary habits and extent of overweight and obesity among Cree youth. Dietary intake and habits were assessed by a 24 h recall and FFQ as part of a cross-sectional survey. Three Cree communities in northern Québec, Canada. A total of 125 youth aged 9-18 years. Overall 67·6 % ...
Colacino Justin A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Phthalates are compounds that are used in a wide range of consumer products. However, the contribution of dietary intake to phthalate exposure has not been well defined. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the contribution of different food types to phthalate exposure. Phthalates are chemicals of ...
Gu Yian - - 2010
To assess the association between food combination and Alzheimer disease (AD) risk. Because foods are not consumed in isolation, dietary pattern (DP) analysis of food combination, taking into account the interactions among food components, may offer methodological advantages. Prospective cohort study. Northern Manhattan, New York, New York. Two thousand one ...
Bonthuis M - - 2010
Dairy foods contain various nutrients that may affect health. We investigated whether intake of dairy products or related nutrients is associated with mortality due to cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer and all causes. We carried out a 16-year prospective study among a community-based sample of 1529 adult Australians aged 25-78 years ...
Noori Nazanin - - 2010
Dietary phosphorus control is often a main strategy in the management of patients with chronic kidney disease. Dietary protein is a major source of phosphorus intake. Recent data indicate that imposed dietary phosphorus restriction may compromise the need for adequate protein intake, leading to protein-energy wasting and possibly to increased ...
Appleton Katherine M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate barriers to increasing fruit and vegetable (f + v) intakes in a large sample of the older population of Northern Ireland (NI), in relation to current intakes. DESIGN: The study was conducted using a telephone survey assessing f + v intakes, barriers to increasing intakes and various ...
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