Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1841
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Bédard Alexandra - - 2010
It is expected that a dietary intervention based on the traditional Mediterranean food pattern should be associated with a reduction in fast-food consumption but this has never been tested before. We assessed the impact of a 12-week dietary intervention, promoting the adoption of a Mediterranean food pattern, on fast-food consumption ...
Mishra G D - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess the major dietary patterns of two age cohorts of women, to determine to the extent to which the dietary patterns differ between the cohorts and to assess whether they vary according to sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics and patterns of nutrient intake. Dietary ...
Zhu Fengqing - - 2010
There is a growing concern about chronic diseases and other health problems related to diet including obesity and cancer. The need to accurately measure diet (what foods a person consumes) becomes imperative. Dietary intake provides valuable insights for mounting intervention programs for prevention of chronic diseases. Measuring accurate dietary intake ...
Dencker Anna - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective study was to identify latent phase predictors of active labor duration. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: Two delivery units in Sweden. SAMPLE: Healthy nulliparous women with a normal pregnancy, spontaneous onset of active labor at term, and a cervical dilatation of 4 cm or ...
Vandevijvere S - - 2010
An exposure assessment was performed to estimate the usual daily intake of sulfites in the Belgian adult population. Food consumption data were retrieved from the national food consumption survey. In a first step, individual food consumption data were multiplied with the maximum permitted use levels for sulfites, expressed as sulphur ...
Murakami Kentaro - - 2010
The affordability of food is considered as an important factor influencing people's diet and hence health status. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to test the hypothesis that neighborhood food store availability is associated with some aspects of dietary intake and thus possibly with body mass index (BMI) and ...
Kabir Yearul - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To examine dietary pattern and nutritional status of adolescent college girls of Dhaka, Bangladesh with a particular focus on the prevalence of anaemia and appropriate knowledge about it among them. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted. Sixty-five adolescent girls aged 15-19 years were selected randomly from Home Economics ...
Haug Line Småstuen - - 2010
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) have been determined in 21 samples of selected food and beverages such as meat, fish, bread, vegetables, milk, drinking water and tea from the Norwegian marked. Up to 12 different PFCs were detected in the samples. Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) were found in ...
Raine Kim D - - 2010
Current dietary recommendations for cardiovascular disease prevention suggest dietary patterns that promote achieving healthy weight, emphasize vegetables, legumes, fruit, whole grains, fish and nuts, substituting mono-unsaturated fats for saturated fats and restricting dietary sodium to less than 2300 mg/day. However, trends in nutrient intake and food consumption patterns suggest that ...
Rodríguez-Rodríguez E - - 2010
To study the relationship between lipid, fatty acid and lipid-rich food intake and current asthma in a group of Spanish schoolchildren. The subjects of this cross-sectional study were 638 Spanish schoolchildren (8-13 years of age). The weight and height of all the subjects were recorded. A questionnaire, completed by the ...
Kullberg Kerstin - - 2011
Scand J Caring Sci; 2011; 25; 227-234 'I start my day by thinking about what we're going to have for dinner'- a qualitative study on approaches to food-related activities among elderly men with somatic diseases The aim of this study was to address the question of how older men with ...
Schorr Melissa - - 2011
More frequent dialysis may improve nutrition and remove dietary restrictions in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We present results from a trial comparing nutritional parameters between nocturnal hemodialysis (NHD) and conventional HD patients. Patients were randomized to conventional thrice weekly HD or NHD for a 6-month study period. Dietary intake was recorded ...
Bastos Joana - - 2010
Dietary patterns analysis is a powerful technique to study the relations between diet and cancer. We aimed to quantify the association between dietary patterns and gastric cancer, by location and histological type, according to Helicobacter pylori infection status. We analyzed 591 incident cases of gastric adenocarcinoma and 1,463 community controls. ...
Rockell Jennifer E - - 2011
To describe and compare food and nutrient intakes in New Zealand (NZ) children on schooldays and non-schooldays. Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from the NZ 2002 Children's Nutrition Survey. Dietary intake was assessed using computer-assisted multi-pass 24 h dietary recalls in the home. Data were adjusted for survey weightings to ...
Ji Kyunghee - - 2010
Antibiotic entry into the water environment has been of growing concern. However, few investigations have been performed to examine the potential for indirect human exposure to environmental antibiotic residues. We evaluated the contribution of drinking water and major food consumption to inadvertent intake of antibiotic residues among general human population ...
Frongillo Edward A - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine if (1) participation in Home-Delivered Meals (HDM) results in improved dietary patterns and nutrient intake, lower food insecurity, and reduced loss of weight; (2) subgroups of older persons are more likely to benefit; and (3) nutritional indicators of impact other than nutrient ...
Fowler Katherine T - - 2010
Dietary fluid and sodium intake may influence the risk for vasoocclusive events in persons with sickle cell anemia (SCA). The objective of this study was to examine the dietary intake of water and sodium in children and adolescents with SCA and identify possible factors influencing intake. We compared water (mL) ...
Kuczmarski Marie F - - 2010
High-energy-dense foods provide an inexpensive source of calories. Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span study participants (n = 1987), low- to low-middle-income, urban African American and white adults, consumed between 17% and 20% of their daily energy intake from beverages. Of all beverages consumed, calorically sweetened ...
Haug Line S - - 2010
Commercially used perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) have been widely detected in wildlife and humans, but the sources of human exposure are not fully characterized. The objectives of this study were to explore possible associations between concentrations of PFCs in serum and consumption of food with particular focus on seafood, and to ...
Assis Maria Alice Altenburg de - - 2010
A qualitative evaluation of the diet of a probabilistic sample of 7-10 year old schoolchildren (n=1,232) from Florianópolis (southern Brazil) was carried out by analyzing compliance with recommendations from the Brazilian Food Guidelines. The strengths and limitations of the Previous Day Food Questionnaire (PDFQ) are also presented. Frequencies of intake ...
Hirayama Fumi - - 2010
The Japanese diet is high in soy products and fish. A case-control study was conducted in Japan to investigate the relationship between dietary intake of isoflavones and fatty acids and lung function, breathlessness and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A total of 278 referred patients aged 50-75 years with COPD ...
Noori Nazanin N Harold Simmons Center for Chronic Disease Research and Epidemiology, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA 90502, - - 2010
Hyperkalemia has been associated with higher mortality in long-term hemodialysis (HD) patients. There are few data concerning the relationship between dietary potassium intake and outcome. The mortality predictability of dietary potassium intake from reported food items estimated using the Block Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) at the start of the cohort ...
Liberona Yessica - - 2011
To assess the nutritional status, food intake and physical activity patterns in schoolchildren attending 5th and 6th grade in basic schools from different socio-economic levels in the metropolitan region of Santiago. Cross-sectional study in children 5th and 6th grade of eighteen basic schools in the metropolitan region of Santiago. Boys ...
Rollins Brandi Y - - 2010
Research on the development of snack food likes and dislikes from childhood to adolescence is limited. We investigated both the stability and the change in liking (i.e., "like", "neither like nor dislike", "dislike") and rank-order liking (i.e., liking one food more than others; e.g., "I like chocolate more than cookies") ...
Olinto Maria Teresa A - - 2011
To identify dietary patterns among young adults and the relationships with socio-economic, demographic and lifestyle characteristics. Population-based, cross-sectional analysis of a cohort study. Food intake was assessed by a frequency questionnaire, and dietary patterns were identified using principal components analysis. Southern Brazil. A total of 4202 men and women aged ...
Yannakoulia Mary - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate potential associations between diet- and physical activity-related lifestyle patterns and obesity indices in a cohort of children. STUDY DESIGN: Dietary and physical activity information and anthropometric indices were collected from 1138 children (53% girls; age, 11.2 ± 0.7 years). Dietary intake was evaluated with two 24-hour recalls, ...
Gunnarsdottir I - - 2010
During the last decades, fish and milk consumption has decreased considerably in Iceland, especially among adolescents. As these food items are important dietary iodine (I) sources, the aim of the study was to assess the iodine status and dietary pattern of adolescent girls in a population changing from a high ...
Hall Ramon S - - 2010
Liking of a particular food after repeated consumption may be reduced, limiting the effectiveness of health-functional foods requiring on-going consumption to deliver their benefits. This study examined the effect of repeated consumption of foods containing the novel ingredient, Australian sweet lupin (Lupinus angustifolius) kernel fibre (LKFibre) on sensory acceptability in ...
Costenbader Karen H - - 2010
Antioxidants may protect against development of rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus by combating oxidative stress. The authors identified and confirmed incident cases of rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus among 184,643 US women followed in the Nurses' Health Study and Nurses' Health Study II cohorts in 1980-2004. Semiquantitative food ...
Kjøllesdal Marte Råberg - - 2011
To explore socio-economic differences in use of staff canteens and whether frequent use of staff canteens is associated with different food patterns and obesity. Cross-sectional study using three self-administered questionnaires, two of them including food frequency questions. Factor analysis was used to explore food patterns. Oslo, Norway, 2000-2001. In total ...
Vandevijvere Stefanie - - 2010
To assess the relationship(s) between overall and within-food group diversity and several indices of dietary quality, such as dietary adequacy, moderation and balance, in Belgian adults. Dietary quality indices were derived from the food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG). Information on food intake was collected with two 24 h recalls. Average overall ...
Laska Melissa N MN Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South 2nd Street, WBOB Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA. - - 2010
To examine neighbourhood food environments, adolescent nutrition and weight status. Cross-sectional, observational study. Minneapolis/St. Paul metropolitan region, Minnesota, USA. A total of 349 adolescents were recruited to the study. Participants completed 24 h dietary recalls and had their weight and height measured. They also reported demographic information and other diet-related ...
Alexy U - - 2010
To quantify the intake of grain and whole grain, and their food sources, as well as to investigate the age and time trends over the last decade in a sample of German children and adolescents. Dietary records from the Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed (DONALD) Study were used for ...
Ghadirian Parviz - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the consumption of specific food groups predicts the risk of pancreatic cancer, a case-control study of nutrition and pancreatic cancer among French-Canadians was carried out in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. A total of 179 pancreatic cancer cases (97 males and 82 females) ...
Prasad Marianne - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the diet of a population of pregnant Finnish women over a period of 7 years, with special attention paid to seasonal fluctuations in food consumption and nutrient intake. DESIGN: A validated 181-item FFQ was applied retrospectively, after delivery, to assess the maternal diet during the 8th month ...
Reinivuo Heli - - 2010
A cross-sectional survey, FINDIET 2007, was carried out in Finland. Food intake data was collected by a 48 h recall interview. Additional food intake data was collected by a repeated 3 d food diary, a barcode-based product diary, a food frequency questionnaire and by a supplementary questionnaire on rarely eaten ...
Snyder Sandra M - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Personalized nutritional counseling about calcium intake during office encounters requires rapid estimation of calcium intake. We compared the accuracy of physician estimates to a validated calcium intake measure and characterized women whose intakes were incorrectly deemed inadequate by physicians. METHODS: As part of a controlled trial of ...
Krukowski Rebecca A - - 2010
Recently, there has been increased attention to the food environment's impact on chronic disease, specifically obesity and cardiovascular disease. Cancer is certainly another substantial public health concern, and dietary intake and obesity/overweight have been identified as two key cancer risk factors; however, the role of the food environment in cancer-prevention ...
Heaney Susan - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare strategies for assessing nutritional adequacy in the dietary intake of elite female athletes. METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed using an adapted food-frequency questionnaire in 72 elite female athletes from a variety of sports. Nutritional adequacy was evaluated and compared using mean intake; the proportion ...
Edwards J S A - - 2010
International study is becoming more prevalent, yet aspects such as food neophobia often militate against visiting students consuming a nutritionally balanced diet. The present study aimed to evaluate the extent to which international post-graduate students experience food neophobia, how this might vary by nationality and other demographic characteristics, and how ...
Pietinen Pirjo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The National FINDIET surveys are carried out every 5 years to monitor dietary habits and nutrient intake of the adult Finnish population. The latest survey was carried out in 2007. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. Dietary assessment was carried out using 48 h recall interviews. A picture book of food ...
Mink Michael - - 2010
The ubiquity of television in American culture makes it a potential contributor to the obesogenic (obesity-causing) environment. Televised food advertisements, which encourage viewers to eat the foods promoted for sale, constitute a de facto set of dietary endorsements. The purpose of this study was to compare the nutritional content of ...
Lehtisalo Jenni - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the food consumption and nutrient intake between 3-year-old children cared for at home full-time and those attending day care outside the home. Nutrient intake on weekdays and weekends was also studied. DESIGN: Cross-sectional sample of children invited to the nutrition study within the Type 1 ...
Vossenaar Marieke - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) 1997 recommendations for cancer prevention were meant to apply to children as well as adults. OBJECTIVE: To assess the concordance of behaviors and body composition of urban Guatemalan schoolchildren with the tenets of the WCRF/AICR 1997 recommendations. METHODS: A ...
Chung Chin Eun - - 2010
Although noodles occupy an important place in the dietary lives of Americans, up until the present time research and in-depth data on the noodle consumption patterns of the US population have been very limited. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the food consumption and diet patterns of noodle consumers and ...
Savoca Margaret R MR Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27402, USA. - - 2010
To quantify the association between food avoidance and modification due to oral health problems, to examine the association between food practices and dietary quality, and to determine foods associated with these self-management behaviors. Cross-sectional. Rural North Carolina. Six hundred thirty-five community-dwelling adults aged 60 and older. Demographic and food frequency ...
Bansal Dheeraj D The Public Health Foundation of India, Institute for Studies in Industrial Development, 4-Institutional Area, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi 110070, - - 2010
To study the impact of migration on food consumption among Indian factory workers and their siblings and spouses. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess diet using an interviewer-administered semi-quantitative FFQ from which intake of 184 commonly consumed food items was obtained. Participants recruited from factory sites in Bangalore, Lucknow, ...
Paineau D - - 2010
The ELPAS (Etude Longitudinale Prospective Alimentation et Santé) study was an 8-month randomized controlled dietary modification trial designed to test the hypothesis that family dietary coaching would improve nutritional intakes and weight control in 2026 free-living children and parents. It resulted in significant nutritional changes, with beneficial effects on body ...
Pereira Carolina A N - - 2010
This study investigated how recently arrived refugees acquired food in their local food neighbourhood. Ten African humanitarian migrants belonging to separate households were asked to keep a travel and food diary for one week. Participants' food neighbourhoods were mapped using online satellite pictures and direct observation. On average 78 food ...
Carvalho-Wells Andrew L - - 2010
Epidemiological studies have shown an inverse relationship between risk of CVD and intake of whole grain (WG)-rich food. Regular consumption of breakfast cereals can provide not only an increase in dietary WG but also improvements to cardiovascular health. Various mechanisms have been proposed, including prebiotic modulation of the colonic microbiota. ...
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