Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1835
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Brown Sandra Chaisson - - 2010
There is a lack of data on the dietary patterns and food preferences of African American women attending historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs). African American women have higher death rates from cardiovascular disease than White women, and the initiating events of cardiovascular disease often begin in young adulthood. The ...
Ros Emilio - - 2010
Nuts are nutrient-dense foods with complex matrices rich in unsaturated fatty acids and other bioactive compounds, such as L-arginine, fiber, minerals, tocopherols, phytosterols, and polyphenols. By virtue of their unique composition, nuts are likely to beneficially impact heart health. Epidemiologic studies have associated nut consumption with a reduced incidence of ...
Grossniklaus Daurice A - - 2010
Abdominal obesity, the central distribution of adipose tissue, is a well-established cardiometabolic disease risk factor. The prevalence has steadily increased since 1988, and now more than 50% of adults have abdominal obesity. Psychological distress coupled with increased dietary energy density (ED) may contribute to abdominal obesity. Guided by the stress ...
Hovland Jana A JA FoodMASTER, Department of Dietetics, Marshall University, One John Marshall Drive, Huntington, WV 25755, USA. - - 2010
Children in Appalachia are experiencing high levels of obesity, in large measure because of inferior diets. This study screened the dietary intake of third graders residing in 3 rural Appalachian counties in Ohio and determined whether the Food, Math, and Science Teaching Enhancement Resource Initiative (FoodMASTER) curriculum improved their dietary ...
Morgan Emily J - - 2010
Evidence suggests that New Zealand (NZ) children are mildly zinc deficient and may respond to dietary change. A 20-wk randomized intervention trial was therefore conducted to determine whether an increased intake of red meat or consumption of a fortified manufactured toddler milk drink (FTMD, fortified with zinc and other micronutrients) ...
Sotres-Alvarez Daniela D Department of Biostatistics, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2010
Empirical dietary patterns are derived predominantly using principal components, exploratory factor analysis (EFA), or cluster analysis. Interestingly, latent variable models are less used despite their being more flexible to accommodate important characteristics of dietary data and despite dietary patterns being recognized as latent variables. Latent class analysis (LCA) has been ...
Méjean Caroline - - 2011
Few studies have specifically focused on characteristics associated with consumption of combined fatty-salted and fatty-sweetened foods, whereas their identification could be useful for defining effective public health measures. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between demographic, socio-economic, lifestyle and health characteristics and consumption of these ...
González-Weller Dailos - - 2010
The aim of this study was to analyze the aluminum content in foods and beverages most commonly consumed by the Canary Island population to determine the dietary intake of this metal throughout the Canary Islands as a whole and in each of the seven islands (Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Tenerife, ...
Eny Karen M - - 2010
Taste is an important determinant of food consumption, and genetic variations in the sweet taste receptor subunit TAS1R2 may contribute to interindividual variations in sugar consumption. We determined whether Ser9Cys and Ile191Val variations in TAS1R2 were associated with differences in the consumption of sugars in 2 populations. Population 1 included ...
Vereecken Carine - - 2010
To identify the correlates of the home food environment (parents' intake, availability and food-related parenting practices) at the age of 10 years with dietary patterns during childhood and in adolescence. Primary-school children of fifty-nine Flemish elementary schools completed a questionnaire at school in 2002. Four years later they completed a ...
Mouratidou Theodora - - 2010
Early results examining nutritional behaviour of Caucasian, English-speaking, postpartum women living in Sheffield, who were beneficiaries or eligible for the Welfare Food Scheme (WFS) or the Healthy Start (HS) scheme, suggested significant between-groups differences. The aim of this study was to examine whether differences observed at 4 weeks postpartum were ...
Johnson Guy H - - 2010
Snacking is a ubiquitous practice that has increased in recent years. However, the impact of snacking on the diet is difficult to assess because a variety of approaches have been used to define snacking (and snack foods) in the literature. This lack of a universally accepted definition complicates interpretation of ...
Leite L H M - - 2010
Epidemiological data suggest that calcium intake may influence lipid metabolism. It is unknown whether this influence also occurs in individuals with HIV/AIDS. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between dietary calcium, dairy food intake and metabolic parameters in individuals with HIV/AIDS. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 100 ...
Zhao Chun-Mei - - 2010
Silver nanoparticles (AgNP) are widely used as antibacterial products, and there are increasing concerns for their potential environmental risks in aquatic ecosystems. The biokinetics of AgNP in aquatic organisms has not yet been determined. In the present study, we employed a radiotracer methodology to quantify the biokinetics of AgNP in ...
Neutzling Marilda B - - 2010
This study describes the food intake of adolescents participating in the 1993 birth cohort from Pelotas, Southern Brazil, according to socioeconomic position. We carried out a cross-sectional analysis of data collected in the 2004-2005 follow-up visit. Food intake in the previous year was evaluated using the Block questionnaire. Socioeconomic status ...
Le Donne Cinzia - - 2011
A critical analysis of existing food consumption databases was performed with particular regard for their current and potential use for the assessment of dietary exposure to additives, flavourings and residues of food contact materials. Within the European Food Consumption Validation project (EFCOVAL), a questionnaire on critical aspects of such datasets ...
Sæland M - - 2011
Poor dietary habits among drug addicts represent health hazards. However, very few studies have focused on dietary intake as an independent health risk factor in relation to this group. The objective of the present study was to examine the dietary habits of drug addicts living on the fringes of an ...
Becquey Elodie - - 2010
In developing countries, urban populations are deemed to have better access to a wider variety of foods than their rural counterparts. Yet, data on micronutrient status are scarce and the impact of urban food consumption behaviors on micronutrient adequacy is not well known. The objective of this study was to ...
Arimond Mary - - 2010
Women of reproductive age living in resource-poor settings are at high risk of inadequate micronutrient intakes when diets lack diversity and are dominated by staple foods. Yet comparative information on diet quality is scarce and quantitative data on nutrient intakes is expensive and difficult to gather. We assessed the potential ...
McKeown Nicola M - - 2010
Observational studies have linked higher intakes of whole grains to lower abdominal adiposity; however, the association between whole- and refined-grain intake and body fat compartments has yet to be reported. Different aspects of diet may be differentially related to body fat distribution. The purpose of this study was to assess ...
Grimes Carley A - - 2011
The average reported dietary Na intake of children in Australia is high: 2694 mg/d (9-13 years). No data exist describing food sources of Na in Australian children's diets and potential impact of Na reduction targets for processed foods. The aim of the present study was to determine sources of dietary Na ...
Ranjit Nalini N Michael & Susan Dell Center for Health Living, University of Texas School of Public Health, 1616 Guadalupe St, Suite 6.300, Austin, TX 78701, USA. - - 2010
To examine the dietary and activity correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption by children in middle and high school. Data were obtained from a cross-sectional survey of 15,283 children in middle and high schools in Texas. Consumption of sodas and noncarbonated flavored and sports beverages (FSBs) were examined separately for their ...
Gerrits Joanne H - - 2010
As adolescent overweight has become a widespread problem in the developed world, it is timely to understand commonalities underlying dietary practices across countries. This study examines whether consumption of fruits and vegetables and fatty foods among adolescents in different countries is related to the same individual difference and social influence ...
Beking Kristopher - - 2011
Accurate estimates of flavonoid intake are important for public health studies and potential policies related to these phytochemicals. As an alternative to studies involving population samples and individual food consumption surveys, the international FAO Food Balance Sheets (FBS) were used in the current study to estimate flavonoid consumption among the ...
Okubo Hitomi - - 2011
To examine the adequacy and inadequacy of dietary patterns in pregnant women for which information is absolutely lacking. Diet was assessed by a validated, self-administered diet history questionnaire (DHQ). Dietary patterns were extracted from the intake of thirty-three food groups (g/4184 kJ (1000 kcal)), which were summarized from 147 foods ...
Fall Caroline Hd CH MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, - - 2011
Infant-feeding patterns may influence lifelong health. This study tested the hypothesis that longer duration of breastfeeding and later introduction of complementary foods in infancy are associated with reduced adult cardiovascular risk. Data were pooled from 10 912 subjects in the age range of 15-41 years from five prospective birth-cohort studies in low-/middle-income ...
Leppälä Johanna - - 2010
To construct and validate a self-contained index for the evaluation of a health-promoting diet in adults. Participants (n = 103) were healthy volunteer adults aged 20 to 64 years. A food consumption questionnaire containing 55 questions was formulated and evaluated against seven-day food records. Key questions best reflecting the health-promoting ...
Boylan Sinéad S Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, - - 2011
To assess the relationship between several socio-economic indicators and frequency of consumption of seven predefined healthy foods (consumption of fruit, vegetables, wholegrain bread, vegetable-fat spread, vegetable cooking fat, low-fat milk and low-fat cheese) in populations from Eastern, Central and Western Europe. Analysis of baseline data collected in two cross-sectional cohort ...
Jung Jae Yoon - - 2010
The association between acne and food has been evaluated with inconsistent results. We enrolled 783 patients with acne and 502 control subjects. For the patients with acne, blood tests for insulin, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), post prandial 2 hours blood glucose (PP2), and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS) were ...
Manios Y - - 2010
Background/Objectives:The aim of this work was to identify dietary patterns based on reduced rank regression (RRR) and principal component analysis (PCA) and to evaluate the association of these patterns with the prevalence of childhood obesity.Subjects/Methods:A sample of 2317 toddlers and preschoolers from Greece (Growth, Exercise and Nutrition Epidemiological Study In ...
Damasio Patricia C G - - 2010
To evaluate food intake of patients with urinary lithiasis and idiopathic hypercalciuria (IH). Between August 2007 and June 2008, 105 patients with lithiasis were distributed into 2 groups: Group 1 (n = 55)--patients with IH (urinary calcium excretion > 250 mg in women and 300 mg in men with normal ...
Johnson Elizabeth J - - 2010
Lutein and zeaxanthin are carotenoids that are selectively taken up into the macula of the eye, where they may protect against development of age-related macular degeneration. Accurate assessment of their intakes is important in the understanding of their individual roles in eye health. Current dietary databases lack the appropriate information ...
Leite J Costa - - 2010
The present study aimed to quantify dietary intakes of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and trans fatty acids (trans FA) in Irish adults using the North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey (NSIFCS). To update the NSIFCS database, specific approaches were necessary to select accurate data. Published references were the main ...
Bernstein Adam M - - 2010
Few studies have evaluated the cost of a diet that may prevent cardiovascular disease. High scores on the Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI) have been associated with lower rates of cardiovascular disease. We sought to evaluate the cost of a dietary pattern that may prevent cardiovascular disease among women residing ...
Wang Youfa - - 2010
Unhealthy eating increases risks for chronic disease. Few studies have examined the multifaceted aspects of dietary intake of low-income, urban African-American adolescents. This study aimed to describe dietary patterns including energy, nutrients, food groups, and diet quality and to identify areas to guide future interventions. Baseline data for a school-based ...
Fowles Eileen R - - 2011
Purpose: To examine the relationships between maternal psychosocial factors and dietary quality and explore the relationships among dietary quality and selected biomarkers of nutrition and placental development. Method: A cross-sectional design in 18 low-income, pregnant women. Results: Partner support was positively related to vegetable intake (r = .54) and negatively ...
Waling Maria - - 2010
To decrease BMI in overweight and obese children, improved dietary intake and increased physical activity are key elements. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of a 1-y food and physical activity intervention on energy and macronutrient intake in overweight and obese children. A randomized open trial was conducted with ...
Adegboye Amanda R A - - 2010
Our aim was to investigate the association between calcium (Ca) intake and number of teeth and tooth loss. The Danish Monica (Monitoring Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease) study is a prospective observational study from 1982-83 to 1993-94. The study population included 1602 adults (30-60 y) with information on dietary ...
Flores Mario - - 2010
Our objective was to identify and describe the major dietary patterns in the Mexican adult population and their association with being overweight or obese. Dietary intake was evaluated by a FFQ that was completed by 15,890 Mexican adults who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006. Dietary patterns ...
Dellava Jocilyn E - - 2010
Taxation has been proposed as a means to reduce consumption of unhealthy food items. However, it is unknown if taxation without regulations or other activities known to shift eating behaviors lead to long-term dietary change. This unexplored issue is examined using data from the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey. Data were ...
von Ruesten A - - 2010
The German food pyramid was set up to foster and communicate healthy food choices. The adherence to recommendations of the food pyramid was translated into an index (German Food Pyramid Index (GFPI)) by scoring the ratio of consumed and recommended daily servings of eight food groups, wherein higher scores indicated ...
Mackerras Dorothy - - 2011
Background Iodine deficiency has re-emerged in Australia. Pregnant and breastfeeding women need higher iodine intakes (estimated average requirements: 160 μg/day and 190 μg/day) than non-pregnant women (100 μg/day) because iodine is critical for early infant development. The impact of iodine fortification of bread on women's iodine intake is evaluated by ...
Råberg Kjøllesdal M K - - 2010
Socioeconomic disparities in diet are well documented, but the relative importance of different indicators of socioeconomic position (SEP) is not well known. The aim of this study was to explore relationships between food patterns, SEP (occupation, education and income) and degree of work control. A cross-sectional population-based study 2000-2001, using ...
Krebs-Smith Susan M - - 2010
A longstanding goal of dietary surveillance has been to estimate the proportion of the population with intakes above or below a target, such as a recommended level of intake. However, until now, statistical methods for assessing the alignment of food intakes with recommendations have been lacking. The purposes of this ...
Bédard Alexandra - - 2010
It is expected that a dietary intervention based on the traditional Mediterranean food pattern should be associated with a reduction in fast-food consumption but this has never been tested before. We assessed the impact of a 12-week dietary intervention, promoting the adoption of a Mediterranean food pattern, on fast-food consumption ...
Mishra G D - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess the major dietary patterns of two age cohorts of women, to determine to the extent to which the dietary patterns differ between the cohorts and to assess whether they vary according to sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics and patterns of nutrient intake. Dietary ...
Zhu Fengqing - - 2010
There is a growing concern about chronic diseases and other health problems related to diet including obesity and cancer. The need to accurately measure diet (what foods a person consumes) becomes imperative. Dietary intake provides valuable insights for mounting intervention programs for prevention of chronic diseases. Measuring accurate dietary intake ...
Dencker Anna - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective study was to identify latent phase predictors of active labor duration. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: Two delivery units in Sweden. SAMPLE: Healthy nulliparous women with a normal pregnancy, spontaneous onset of active labor at term, and a cervical dilatation of 4 cm or ...
Vandevijvere S - - 2010
An exposure assessment was performed to estimate the usual daily intake of sulfites in the Belgian adult population. Food consumption data were retrieved from the national food consumption survey. In a first step, individual food consumption data were multiplied with the maximum permitted use levels for sulfites, expressed as sulphur ...
Murakami Kentaro - - 2010
The affordability of food is considered as an important factor influencing people's diet and hence health status. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to test the hypothesis that neighborhood food store availability is associated with some aspects of dietary intake and thus possibly with body mass index (BMI) and ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >