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Primeaux S D - - 2013
QRFP, a member of the RFamide-related peptide family, is a strongly conserved hypothalamic neuropeptide that has been characterized in various species. Prepro-QRFP mRNA expression is localized to select regions of the hypothalamus, which are involved in the regulation of feeding behavior. The localization of the peptide precursor has led to ...
Peters Harry P F - - 2013
Small fat droplets infused into the gut reduce food intake and hunger more than bigger ones, at levels as low as 6 g, and these effects are hypothesized to occur via satiety hormones such as cholecystokinin. It is, however, unknown whether the effect of droplet size would persist after oral consumption. ...
Shang Lei L a Department of Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, - - 2014
Identifying food patterns related to obesity can provide information for health promotion in nutrition. Food patterns and their relation with obesity among Canadian children have not been reported to date. Our aim was to identify and describe food patterns associated with obesity in children at risk of overweight. Caucasian children ...
Sheriff Michael J - - 2013
Abstract Hibernating mammals become sequestered and cease foraging during prolonged seasonal periods of reduced or unpredictable food availability and instead rely on cached food and/or endogenous reserves of fat and protein accumulated during the previous active season. The gain in weight is due to increased food consumption, but it also ...
Cornil Yann - - 2013
Using archival and experimental data, we showed that vicarious defeats experienced by fans when their favorite football team loses lead them to consume less healthy food. On the Mondays following a Sunday National Football League (NFL) game, saturated-fat and food-calorie intake increase significantly in cities with losing teams, decrease in ...
Chriqui Jamie F - - 2013
Given the importance of developing healthy eating patterns during early childhood, policies to improve the elementary school food and beverage environments are critical. To examine the association between district and state policy and/or law requirements regarding competitive food and beverages and public elementary school availability of foods and beverages high ...
Aggelopoulos Theodoros - - 2014
Growth of selected microorganisms of industrial interest (Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Kluyveromyces marxianus and kefir) by solid state fermentation (SSF) of various food industry waste mixtures was studied. The fermented products were analysed for protein, and nutrient minerals content, as well as for aroma volatile compounds by GC/MS. The substrate fermented by ...
Bendig Paul - - 2013
Food and contaminated indoor environments are the most relevant sources of human exposure to polyhalogenated chemicals. This study analyzed for the first time fat residues in kitchen hoods for contaminations with polyhalogenated compounds. A wide range of contaminants was detected in all kitchen hoods (n = 15) and most of them could ...
O'Sullivan Therese A - - 2013
We summarized the data related to foods high in saturated fat and risk of mortality. We searched Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and ProQuest for studies from January 1952 to May 2012. We identified 26 publications with individual dietary data and all-cause, total cancer, or cardiovascular mortality as endpoints. Pooled relative ...
Levy L B - - 2013
Diet-related chronic diseases are major public health concerns in England and the associated costs to the National Health Service and society are considerable. Poor diet and other lifestyle factors are estimated to account for about one-third of all deaths from CVD in England. UK dietary recommendations were set by the ...
Danilovich N - - 2013
Objective: Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that mediates the reward value of food. Methylphenidate (MPH) selectively binds and inhibits the dopamine transporter, thus increasing brain dopamine levels shortly after oral administration. This investigation studied whether a single dose of MPH decreases energy intake (EI) in obese teenagers compared to placebo (P). ...
Vanderlee Lana - - 2013
Food prepared and consumed away from home accounts for a significant proportion of dietary intake among Canadians. Currently, Canadians receive little or no nutrition information when eating in restaurant and fast-food outlets. The present study examined the impact of nutrition information on menus in hospital cafeterias on noticing and perceived ...
Ong Zhi Yi - - 2013
AIM: This study aimed to determine whether the negative effects of maternal 'junk food' feeding on food preferences and gene expression in the mesolimbic reward system could be reversed by weaning the offspring onto a low-fat diet. METHODS: Offspring of Control (n=11) and junk food-fed (JF, n=12) dams were weaned ...
Reaves Anne B - - 2013
To report a case of prolonged vomiting during warfarin therapy, leading to an elevated international normalized ratio (INR). A 32-year-old female with a history of cyclic vomiting syndrome since early childhood and bilateral pulmonary emboli diagnosed 4 months prior to this acute event presented to the clinic for routine monitoring ...
Weise C M - - 2013
Background:Obesity is the result of chronic positive energy balance. The mechanisms underlying the regulation of energy homeostasis and food intake are not understood. Despite large increases in fat mass (FM), recent evidence indicates that fat-free mass (FFM) rather than FM is positively associated with intake in humans.Methods:In 184 humans (73 F/111 M; ...
Tyburczy Cynthia - - 2013
The adverse effects of dietary trans fat on biomarkers of chronic disease are well documented. Regulatory authorities in many countries have enacted legislation aimed at reducing trans fat content of their food supplies, either by requiring trans fat labeling on pre-packaged foods or by limiting the amount of trans fat ...
Kafle Gopi Krishna - - 2013
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of chemical compositions and ensiling on the biogas productivity and degradation rates of agricultural and food processing by-products (AFPBPs) using the biogas potential test. The AFPBPs were classified based on their chemical compositions (i.e., carbohydrate, protein and fat contents). The ...
Reaves Anne B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To report a case of prolonged vomiting during warfarin therapy, leading to an elevated international normalized ratio (INR).CASE SUMMARY:A 32-year-old female with a history of cyclic vomiting syndrome since early childhood and bilateral pulmonary emboli diagnosed 4 months prior to this acute event presented to the clinic for routine monitoring ...
Lythgoe Amelia - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The predominance of marketing of products high in fat, sugar and/or salt to children has been well documented and implicated in the incidence of obesity. The present study aimed to determine whether foods marketed to children in UK supermarkets are nutritionally similar to the non-children's equivalent, focusing on food ...
Tellez Luis A - - 2013
Mounting evidence suggests that overeating may be conceptualized within the same behavioral and neurobiological framework as drug addiction. One potentially important difference between overeating versus drug abuse refers to the sensory stimulation of oral receptors by palatable foods, a feature that may be required for reinforcement during intake. Likewise, postingestive ...
Barker M E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The present study examined temporality in the representation of food in two popular British women's magazines between 1950 and 1998. METHODS: A quantitative content analysis of (i) prevalence of cooking, slimming, nutrition advice in articles; (ii) prevalence of food advertising by food type; and (iii) likelihood of various nutrition ...
O'Rourke Eyleen J EJ Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. - - 2013
Fat is stored or mobilized according to food availability. Malfunction of the mechanisms that ensure this coordination underlie metabolic diseases in humans. In mammals, lysosomal and autophagic function is required for normal fat storage and mobilization in the presence or absence of food. Autophagy is tightly linked to nutrients. However, ...
Guallar-Castillón Pilar - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Previous research has shown that the diet of hypertensive and diabetic patients has a low accordance with the main nutritional recommendations, mostly due to the high intake of sodium, saturated fat and added sugars. This is the first study to identify the main food sources of these nutrients in ...
Liu Xuecong - - 2013
The diet of Rhinopithecus roxellana is characterized by lichens, which are available year-round and an uncommon food source for nonhuman primates, supplemented by seasonal plant foods. We present the first study of foods eaten by R. roxellana in relation to nutritional chemistry in Shennongjia National Nature Reserve, Hubei Province, China. ...
Panaro Brandon L - - 2013
Haploinsufficiency of the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) results in melanocortin obesity syndrome, the most common monogenic cause of severe early onset obesity in humans. The syndrome, which produces measurable hyperphagia, has focused attention on the role of MC4R in feeding behavior and macronutrient intake. Studies show that inhibition of MC4R signaling ...
Slining M M - - 2013
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT: Despite recent declines in added sugars (from 1999-2000 to 2007-2008), consumption of added sugars and solid fats among United States children and adolescent from 1999-2000 to 2007-2008 exceeds recommended levels. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: These results suggest that the decreases in solid fat ...
Herzfeld Thomas - - 2013
This paper presents evidence on the impact of individual as well as regional characteristics on the dynamics of fat, protein, alcohol and cigarette consumption, and on the diversity of the diet in Russia between 1994 and 2005. All those aspects of nutritional behavior are important inputs to the production of ...
McCann Mary T - - 2013
Nutrition labelling is an important strategic approach for encouraging consumers to make healthier food choices. The availability of highly palatable foods labelled as 'low fat or reduced calorie' may encourage the over-consumption of these products. This study aimed to determine whether the manipulation of nutrition labelling information can influence food ...
Baek I-H IH College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, - - 2013
Rosuvastatin is a highly effective inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase and is used for the treatment of patients with hyperlipidemia. We examined the effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of rosuvastatin by administering it while fasting and after intake of low-fat and high-fat meals. We administered a single ...
Silveira Bruna Maria - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated how trans-fat is reported on the packaging of foods sold in a Brazilian supermarket. DESIGN: The present descriptive, cross-sectional study analysed the ingredient list, nutrition facts label and claims of no trans-fat on the packaging. SETTING: A large supermarket in Florianópolis, Brazil. SUBJECTS: All food ...
Saito Masayuki - - 2013
Capsaicin and its nonpungent analog (capsinoids) are known to be food ingredients that increase energy expenditure and decrease body fat. This article reviews the role of brown adipose tissue (BAT) for the thermogenic effect of these compounds in humans and proposes the possibility of some other antiobesity food ingredients. A ...
Zhu Zheng Z Center for Physiology and Neuroscience, Department of Biology, Miami University, Oxford, OH, - - 2013
Estrogens potently suppress food intake. Compelling evidence suggests that estradiol, the primary form of estrogens, reduces food intake by facilitating other anorectic signals. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), like estradiol, appears to suppress food intake by affecting meal size. We hypothesized that estradiol modulates Bdnf expression and the anorectic effect of ...
Schermel Alyssa - - 2013
The current study describes the frequency of use of different forms of nutrition marketing in Canada and the nutrients and conditions that are the focus of nutrition marketing messages. Prepackaged foods with a Nutrition Facts table (N = 10 487) were collected between March 2010 and April 2011 from outlets of ...
Wojnicki F H E - - 2013
Baclofen reduces intake of some foods but stimulates intake or has no effect on others. The reasons for these differences are not known. The present study examined effects of baclofen when composition, energy density, preference, presentation and intake of optional foods varied. Semi-solid fat emulsions and sucrose products were presented ...
Meng X - - 2013
Objectives: Identify the extent of under-reporting of energy intake and the characteristics associated with implausible intakes in elderly women. Design: Dietary intake was assessed using a 3-day weighed food record. Protein intake was validated by 24-hour urinary nitrogen. To examine under-reporting, participants were grouped according to their energy intake and ...
Ren Xiuhai - - 2013
Background. Activation of the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)/phosphorylated CREB (P-CREB) system in different brain regions has been implicated in mediating opioid tolerance and dependence, while alteration of this system in the lateral hypothalamus (LH) has been suggested to have a role in food intake and body weight. Methods. Given that ...
Benatar Jocelyne R - - 2013
Clear guidelines on the health effects of dairy food are important given the high prevalence of obesity, cardiovascular disease and diabetes, and increasing global consumption of dairy food. To evaluate the effects of increased dairy food on cardio metabolic risk factors. Searches were performed until April 2013 using MEDLINE, Science ...
Murphy Karen J - - 2013
A number of intervention studies have reported that the prevalence of obesity may be in part inversely related to dairy food consumption while others report no association. We sought to examine relationships between energy, protein and calcium consumption from dairy foods (milk, yoghurt, cheese, dairy spreads, ice-cream) and adiposity including ...
Jarosz Mirosław M Department of Nutrition and Dietetics with Clinic of Metabolic Diseases and Gastroenterology National Food and Nutrition Institute, Powsińska St. 61/63, 02-903 Warsaw, - - 2013
The study examined the relationships between long-term trends in food consumption, alcohol intake, tobacco smoking, and colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence. Data on CRC incidence rates were derived from the National Cancer Registry, on food consumption from the national food balance sheets; data on alcohol and tobacco smoking reflected official statistics ...
Powell Lisa M LM Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health and Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60608, USA. - - 2013
To examine the effect of fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption on total energy intake, dietary indicators, and beverage consumption. Individual-level fixed-effects estimation based on 2 nonconsecutive 24-hour dietary recalls. Nationally representative data from the 2003-2004, 2005-2006, and 2007-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Children aged 2 to 11 years ...
Lum Krystal K - - 2013
The rise in global population has led to explorations of alternative sources of energy and food. Because corn and soybean are staple food crops for humans, their common use as the main source of dietary energy and protein for food-producing animals directly competes with their allocation for human consumption. Alternatively, ...
Sharma S - - 2012
Objective:To identify the emotional and motivational processes that reinstate palatable food intake following removal of high-fat diet (HFD) and associated neuroadaptations tied to neurochemical and behavioural changes underlying dopaminergic function.Methods:Adult male C57Bl6 mice were placed on a HFD (58% kcal fat) or ingredient-matched, low-fat diet (LFD; 11% kcal fat) for ...
Pereira Rosangela A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the patterns of consumption of foods high in solid fats and added sugars (SoFAS) in Brazil. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; individual dietary intake survey. Food intake was assessed by means of two non-consecutive food records. Foods providing >9·1 % of energy from saturated fat, or >1·3 % of ...
Miao Zhen - - 2012
We extend the existing literature on food taxes targeting obesity. We systematically incorporate the implicit substitution between added sugars and solid fats into a comprehensive food demand system and evaluate the effect of taxes on sugars and fats. The approach conditions how food and obesity taxes affect total calorie intake. ...
Clapper Jason R - - 2012
Antagonism of opioid systems (e.g., with naltrexone) has been explored as an anti-obesity strategy, and is particularly effective when co-administered with dual inhibitors of dopamine and norepinephrine reuptake (e.g., bupropion). Previously, we demonstrated that amylin enhances the food intake lowering and weight loss effects of neurohormonal (e.g., leptin, cholecystokinin, melanocortins) ...
van der Klaauw Agatha A - - 2012
Meals high in protein induce greater intermeal satiety than meals high in fat and carbohydrates. OBJECTIVE: We studied the gut hormone response and subsequent food intake after breakfasts high in protein, carbohydrate or high in fat controlled for volume, calories and appearance. DESIGN AND METHODS: Eight healthy volunteers participated in ...
Bains Rasneer S - - 2012
It has been previously reported that the GABA(B) receptor agonist baclofen decreases food intake after oral administration and fat intake after intraperitoneal administration. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of baclofen (1-4mg/ kg) administered orally (Experiment 1) on food intake in non-deprived rats (n=6) and intraperitoneally ...
Perianes-Cachero Arancha - - 2012
The learning and memory mechanisms in the hippocampus translate hormonal signals of energy balance into behavioral outcomes involved in the regulation of food intake. As leptin and its receptors are expressed in the hippocampus and somatostatin (SRIF), an orexigenic neuropeptide, may inhibit leptin-mediated suppression of food intake in other brain ...
des Gachons Catherine Peyrot - - 2012
In most cultures, people ingest a variety of astringent foods and beverages during meals, but the reasons for this practice are unclear. Many popular beliefs and heuristics, such as high tannin wines should be balanced with fatty foods, for example 'red wine with red meat', suggest that astringents such as ...
Lee Jaimy - - 2012
More than 150 hospitals have signed on to the Partnership for a Healthier America's push to ditch the deep-fat fryer in their cafeterias and bulk up on fruit and veggies. "Our focus is to ensure that if people want to make a healthy choice, they can," says Larry Soler, left, ...
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