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Results 451 - 500 of 1841
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German J Bruce - - 2009
This review provides a reappraisal of the potential effects of dairy foods, including dairy fats, on cardiovascular disease (CVD)/coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. Commodities and foods containing saturated fats are of particular focus as current public dietary recommendations are directed toward reducing the intake of saturated fats as a means ...
Reyes-Ortiz Carlos A CA School of Public Health, University of North Texas Health Science Center, EAD-711B, 3500 Camp Bowie Boulevard, Fort Worth, TX 76107-2699, USA. - - 2009
We explore the association between a neighbourhood's ethnic composition and the foods and nutrients consumed by Mexican-Americans. Cross-sectional survey of a large national sample, from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-94), was linked to the 1990 Census. The outcomes were food frequencies and serum levels of micronutrients. ...
Vereecken Carine - - 2009
PURPOSE: Explore the impact of general parenting style and specific food-related parenting practices on children's dietary habits. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of sixth graders and their parents. SETTING: Data were gathered (in 2003) in 69 of 100 randomly selected elementary schools in Belgium. SUBJECTS: All sixth graders (N = 1957) were ...
Mann J I - - 2009
There is impressive evidence from epidemiological and experimental studies that dietary fibre derived form vegetables, fruit and wholegrain cereals protects against and may be useful in the treatment of a wide range of diseases. However, while there is some evidence of benefit of extracted and synthetic fibres in terms of ...
Gibson Rosalind S - - 2009
Dietary diversification or modification has the potential to prevent deficiencies of zinc and other coexisting limiting micronutrients simultaneously, without risk of antagonistic interactions. In this review, we have addressed the following. The first section focuses on strategies with the potential to enhance intake and/or bioavailability of zinc, and includes interventions ...
Goldberg Tamara Beres Lederer - - 2009
Adolescents' eating habits are determined by social, psychological, economic, political, and educational influences. They tend to prefer foods with inadequate nutritional value and high fat and carbohydrate content which leads to excessive weight gain and for many, calcium intake is restricted. According to some authors, low calcium intake is linked ...
Hon Kam-Lun Ellis - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To review the pattern of food-associated pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admissions. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted to analyse the pattern of food-associated PICU admissions at a teaching hospital between January 2004 and May 2007. RESULTS: Ten cases (7 boys and 3 girls, aged 9 month to ...
Pogoda Janice M - - 2009
Maternal dietary data from an international collaborative case-control study on childhood brain tumors were used to evaluate associations between histology-specific risk and consumption of specific food groups during pregnancy. Nine study centers from seven countries contributed 1218 cases and 2223 controls. Most cases were diagnosed between 1982 and 1992 and ...
Keller Kathleen L - - 2009
Dietary survey data show that intake of sugar-sweetened beverages is negatively associated with intake of milk, but these findings have yet to be confirmed by laboratory feeding studies. The objectives of the present study were to analyze children's intake across two laboratory-based ad libitum lunches to (a) investigate the relationships ...
Amtha Rahmi R Oral Medicine Department, Trisakti University, Kyai Tapa, Grogol, Jakarta Barat, Indonesia. - - 2009
A matched case-control, hospital-based study of oral cancer was conducted in Jakarta population. The sample included 81 cases and 162 controls. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between dietary pattern and oral cancer in a Jakarta population using factor analysis. Dietary data were collected using food ...
Hughes Maria Celia B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Actinic keratoses (AKs) are premalignant actinic tumors of the skin. Evaluation of the role of diet in their development is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether intake of certain food groups or dietary patterns retard the occurrence of AKs over a 4.5-y period. DESIGN: In a community-based ...
Nakamoto Keiko - - 2009
Vegetarianism continues to gain popularity in Japan and the Westernized world, in part from decades of science supporting the health advantages of properly planned vegetarian-based diets. Although there are Asian nutritional tools, one specific to a Japanese vegetarian diet is lacking. Thus, the Japanese vegetarian food guide (JVFG) was developed ...
Huybregts Lieven Fernand - - 2009
The aim of this study was to assess potential changes in dietary habits during pregnancy in a rural community in Houndé district, Burkina Faso. In-depth interviews were performed on a random sample of 37 pregnant women in order to analyse specific perceptions and attitudes regarding food consumption during pregnancy. In ...
Sebastian Rhonda S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether fast-food consumption is associated with adolescents' food group intakes and likelihood of meeting recommendations outlined in the MyPyramid Food Guidance System. DESIGN: Data from two 24-hour recalls collected in What We Eat in America, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2004 were analyzed. Fast-food consumers were ...
Misra A - - 2009
Grains are a part of human diet for about 10,000 years. Grains are the most important food source of Indian population, due to this carbohydrate consumption constitute approx. 60-70% of total food intake. Variety of grains are available in India, and different grains form staple diets of people in different ...
Probst Y C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Automation of dietary assessments allows participant behaviour to be captured by video observation. It also allows clinicians to identify areas that effect reporting accuracy. The present observational study describes the differences in behaviour according to the type of foods selected by participants using a dietary assessment website encompassing diet ...
Nicklas Theresa A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The 2005 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC) recognized calcium, potassium and magnesium, all found in high levels in dairy foods, among the shortfall nutrients in both children and adults' diets. OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to determine: 1) the percentage of the population with intakes greater than the Adequate Intakes ...
Maras Janice E - - 2009
Our objective was to identify major dietary sources of whole grains and to describe the construction of a database of whole grain content of foods. Dietary information was collected with 7-d food records from men and women in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, mean age 62.1 +/- 16.0 years, ...
Saura-Calixto Fulgencio - - 2009
Antioxidant (polyphenols and carotenoids) and nonantioxidant (phytosterols) bioactive compounds and dietary fiber may have a significant role in health. The intake of these compounds is strongly linked with the high consumption of fruits, vegetables, and unrefined cereals. A whole-diet approach to these food constituents is intended to render the current ...
Tremblay Angelo - - 2009
A growing body of evidence suggests an inverse relationship between calcium and vitamin D status and dairy food intake and the development of the insulin resistance syndrome (IRS) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (t2DM). Observational studies show a consistent inverse association between dairy intake and the prevalence of IRS and ...
Lien Vanessa W VW Alberta Institute for Human Nutrition, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H1, - - 2009
To investigate current dietary intakes of arachidonic acid (AA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in healthy children between 4-7 years of age using a 3-day food record. Cross-sectional study investigating dietary intakes using food records. Parents were instructed to document all food and drink consumed by their child for 3 consecutive days. ...
Boushey C J CJ Department of Foods and Nutrition, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2059, USA. - - 2009
Information on dietary intake provides some of the most valuable insights for mounting intervention programmes for the prevention of chronic diseases. With the growing concern about adolescent overweight, the need to accurately measure diet becomes imperative. Assessment among adolescents is problematic as this group has irregular eating patterns and they ...
Meng Liping - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible dietary risk factors for anaemia in rural elderly women. DESIGN: Case-control study conducted in 2005. Cases and matched controls were interviewed in person to elicit information on lifestyle, diet and individual health. Main foods and nutrients were calculated by three 24 h recalls; intake data ...
Brown-Kramer Carolyn R CR University of Nebraska-Lincoln, United States. - - 2009
Understanding which specific foods easily come to mind when individuals consider categories of dietary behavior may help explain observed patterns of dietary intake. We examined which specific behavioral exemplars are most easily retrieved from memory when individuals consider broad dietary categories. Participants reported specific foods that come to mind when ...
Vuksan V - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dietary fiber that develops viscosity in the gastrointestinal tract is capable of addressing various aspects of food intake control. The aim of this study was to assess subsequent food intake and appetite in relation to the level of viscosity following three liquid preloads each containing 5 g ...
Downs Shauna M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship among children's diet quality, weight status and food environment in subarctic Canada. DESIGN: In the cross-sectional study, children's BMI was calculated, diet quality was assessed using three 24 h dietary recalls and children were asked about their home food environment and source of meals. SETTING: ...
Flogan, Carla
Constipation is a serious problem in the pediatric population and often requires medical management with laxatives and enemas. Participants (2-10 years of age, n=13) with a history of mild constipation were assigned randomly to a fibre treatment or placebo group. After three weeks, subjects were crossed over to the other ...
Franco Manuel - - 2009
Inadequate availability of healthy foods may be a barrier to achieving recommended diets. The objective was to study the association between the directly measured availability of healthy foods and diet quality. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 759 participants from the Baltimore site of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Diet ...
Almendingen Kari - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) are colectomized in young age in order to avoid development of colorectal cancer. Because colectomy radically changes gastrointestinal physiology, and food avoidance may be present, colectomized patients may be at risk for nutritional deficiency. AIM OF THE STUDY: to evaluate: (1) serum biochemical ...
Steinbrecher Astrid - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To compile a database on content of individual glucosinolates in food and to describe the dietary intake of individual glucosinolates in a German population. METHODS: Studies analysing the content of individual glucosinolates in food were aggregated to form a database of 26 individual glucosinolates in 18 vegetables and condiments ...
Wittsiepe Jürgen - - 2009
The daily dietary intake of nickel (Ni) and zinc (Zn) by 42 young children, 21 boys and 21 girls, from 4 to 7 years of age, living in urban and rural areas of Germany and having different food consumption behaviour, was determined by the duplicate method with a 7-day sampling ...
Liang Wenbin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Experimental studies have suggested that soybean products may protect against ischemic stroke, but only limited epidemiological evidence is available. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the relationship between soy food consumption and the risk of ischemic stroke among the Chinese population. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in southern ...
Qureshi M Mustafa - - 2009
C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of sub-clinical inflammation, is a predictor of future cardiovascular diseases. Dietary habits affect serum CRP level however the relationship between consumption of individual food groups and CRP levels has not been established. This study was designed to explore the relation between food intake and CRP ...
Olson Beth H - - 2009
To understand how parental influences on dairy food intake relate to early adolescent children's use of calcium-fortified food. Content analysis of qualitative interviews to identify parental influences on dairy intake; calcium-fortified food survey to identify children as either calcium-fortified food users or nonusers. A convenience sample of Asian (n = ...
Lake Amelia A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the tracking of food intake from adolescence to adulthood according to location as an adult (at the time of the follow-up study) and gender. Additionally this paper explores factors associated with change in food intake. METHOD: Two 3-day food diaries, demographic and socio-economic information were collected ...
Rodríguez-Ramírez Sonia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the methodology for the analysis of dietary data from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006 (ENSANUT 2006) carried out in Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Dietary data from the population who participated in the ENSANUT 2006 were collected through a 7-day food-frequency questionnaire. Energy and nutrient ...
Robinson-O'Brien Ramona - - 2009
To examine characteristics of adolescents who value eating locally grown, organic, nongenetically engineered, and/or nonprocessed food and whether they are more likely than their peers to meet Healthy People 2010 dietary objectives. Cross-sectional analysis using data from a population-based study in Minnesota (Project EAT: Eating Among Teens). Participants completed a ...
Magarey Anthea - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reliability and validity of a new parent report measure of children's dietary patterns, allowing assessment against national guidelines. METHODS: The 28-item Children's Dietary Questionnaire (CDQ) was developed based on Australian healthy eating guidelines and knowledge of current dietary intake of Australian children. It assesses intake patterns ...
Ramírez-Silva Ivonne - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To quantify fruit and vegetable (FV) dietary intake in the Mexican population and compliance with international recommendations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: FV dietary intake (FV-DI) and compliance with international recommendations were obtained in a representative sample of a Mexican population ages 1-59 years old using dietary data from the Mexican ...
Prescha Anna - - 2009
The dietary intake of patients with irritable bowel syndrome was assessed using 24-h dietary recall. The energy value and nutrient contents in the daily food rations were calculated by Nutritionist IV computer program with the Polish database. Differentiations in the Polish RDA coverage for energy and nutrients were observed in ...
Patterson Emma - - 2009
The stability of dietary habits through various life-stages is not well understood. A better understanding of the tracking of diet over time could have implications for health promotion as well as for the planning of nutritional epidemiology studies. We examined the stability of dietary intakes of children and adolescents over ...
Smith Kylie J - - 2009
Few studies have investigated the associations of takeaway food consumption with overall diet quality and abdominal obesity. Young adults are high consumers of takeaway food so we aimed to examine these associations in a national study of young Australian adults. A national sample of 1,277 men and 1,585 women aged ...
Djukić Natasa - - 2009
The total fiber intake in the adolescent population living in a boarding school was calculated using weighted food records and food composition tables. Total, insoluble, and soluble fiber daily intakes were also analyzed using the enzymatic-gravimetric method. The results were used to estimate the applicability of the calculation method to ...
Kwok Stephanie - - 2009
PURPOSE: The relationships among dietary behaviours, traditional health beliefs (THB), and demographic characteristics of Chinese Canadians living in Toronto were examined, as were their primary sources of nutrition information. METHODS: Through the use of probability sampling, 106 adult subjects who originated from China, Hong Kong, or Taiwan were recruited from ...
Eny Karen M - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) has been implicated in modulating the rewarding effects of foods high in sugar. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a variation in the DRD2 gene affects habitual consumption of sugars in a free-living population. METHODS: Caucasian men (n = 96) and ...
Hamułka Jadwiga - - 2009
The aim of the study was to assess the influence of selected demographic and lifestyle factors on the intake of lutein by groups of Polish women aged 19-81 years. The study was carried out in 100 respondents in the year 2006 with the use of 4-day dietary food records. The ...
Nakamura Yasuyuki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Almost no studies have investigated the relationship between food intake measured at middle age and future disability. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of meat, fish and egg intake with risk of subsequent mortality and/or future decline in activities of daily living (ADL) among the elderly. METHODS: The cohort consisted ...
Sharma Sangita - - 2009
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To characterize the diets of low-income inner-city African Americans to develop a population-specific quantitative food frequency questionnaire (QFFQ) that will be used to highlight foods and nutrients for a nutritional intervention program aimed at reducing the risk of chronic disease and to evaluate the program. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: ...
Lee Meei-Shyuan - - 2009
To establish a food guide, the "total diet" needs to be considered, based on prevailing patterns of food and nutrient intake; these will be culturally acceptable and recognize the prevailing social and economic conditions that affect food availability. Dairy produce is a good source of high quality protein, and provides ...
Donini L M - - 2009
Dietary fiber can be considered "any dietary component that reaches the colon without being absorbed in a healthy human gut". Thus "fiber", according to the recent literature, is contemplated any substance other than plant cell-wall material. The latter is a new definition expanding the previous one beyond carbohydrates. In fact, ...
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