Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1822
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Lien Vanessa W - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate current dietary intakes of arachidonic acid (AA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in healthy children between 4-7 years of age using a 3-day food record. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study investigating dietary intakes using food records. Parents were instructed to document all food and drink consumed by their child for 3 ...
Saura-Calixto Fulgencio - - 2009
Antioxidant (polyphenols and carotenoids) and nonantioxidant (phytosterols) bioactive compounds and dietary fiber may have a significant role in health. The intake of these compounds is strongly linked with the high consumption of fruits, vegetables, and unrefined cereals. A whole-diet approach to these food constituents is intended to render the current ...
Tremblay Angelo - - 2009
A growing body of evidence suggests an inverse relationship between calcium and vitamin D status and dairy food intake and the development of the insulin resistance syndrome (IRS) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (t2DM). Observational studies show a consistent inverse association between dairy intake and the prevalence of IRS and ...
Boushey C J - - 2009
Information on dietary intake provides some of the most valuable insights for mounting intervention programmes for the prevention of chronic diseases. With the growing concern about adolescent overweight, the need to accurately measure diet becomes imperative. Assessment among adolescents is problematic as this group has irregular eating patterns and they ...
Meng Liping - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible dietary risk factors for anaemia in rural elderly women. DESIGN: Case-control study conducted in 2005. Cases and matched controls were interviewed in person to elicit information on lifestyle, diet and individual health. Main foods and nutrients were calculated by three 24 h recalls; intake data ...
Brown-Kramer Carolyn R - - 2009
Understanding which specific foods easily come to mind when individuals consider categories of dietary behavior may help explain observed patterns of dietary intake. We examined which specific behavioral exemplars are most easily retrieved from memory when individuals consider broad dietary categories. Participants reported specific foods that come to mind when ...
Vuksan V - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dietary fiber that develops viscosity in the gastrointestinal tract is capable of addressing various aspects of food intake control. The aim of this study was to assess subsequent food intake and appetite in relation to the level of viscosity following three liquid preloads each containing 5 g ...
Downs Shauna M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship among children's diet quality, weight status and food environment in subarctic Canada. DESIGN: In the cross-sectional study, children's BMI was calculated, diet quality was assessed using three 24 h dietary recalls and children were asked about their home food environment and source of meals. SETTING: ...
Flogan, Carla
Constipation is a serious problem in the pediatric population and often requires medical management with laxatives and enemas. Participants (2-10 years of age, n=13) with a history of mild constipation were assigned randomly to a fibre treatment or placebo group. After three weeks, subjects were crossed over to the other ...
Franco Manuel - - 2009
Inadequate availability of healthy foods may be a barrier to achieving recommended diets. The objective was to study the association between the directly measured availability of healthy foods and diet quality. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 759 participants from the Baltimore site of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Diet ...
Almendingen Kari - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) are colectomized in young age in order to avoid development of colorectal cancer. Because colectomy radically changes gastrointestinal physiology, and food avoidance may be present, colectomized patients may be at risk for nutritional deficiency. AIM OF THE STUDY: to evaluate: (1) serum biochemical ...
Steinbrecher Astrid - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To compile a database on content of individual glucosinolates in food and to describe the dietary intake of individual glucosinolates in a German population. METHODS: Studies analysing the content of individual glucosinolates in food were aggregated to form a database of 26 individual glucosinolates in 18 vegetables and condiments ...
Wittsiepe Jürgen - - 2009
The daily dietary intake of nickel (Ni) and zinc (Zn) by 42 young children, 21 boys and 21 girls, from 4 to 7 years of age, living in urban and rural areas of Germany and having different food consumption behaviour, was determined by the duplicate method with a 7-day sampling ...
Liang Wenbin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Experimental studies have suggested that soybean products may protect against ischemic stroke, but only limited epidemiological evidence is available. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the relationship between soy food consumption and the risk of ischemic stroke among the Chinese population. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in southern ...
Qureshi M Mustafa - - 2009
C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of sub-clinical inflammation, is a predictor of future cardiovascular diseases. Dietary habits affect serum CRP level however the relationship between consumption of individual food groups and CRP levels has not been established. This study was designed to explore the relation between food intake and CRP ...
Olson Beth H - - 2009
To understand how parental influences on dairy food intake relate to early adolescent children's use of calcium-fortified food. Content analysis of qualitative interviews to identify parental influences on dairy intake; calcium-fortified food survey to identify children as either calcium-fortified food users or nonusers. A convenience sample of Asian (n = ...
Lake Amelia A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the tracking of food intake from adolescence to adulthood according to location as an adult (at the time of the follow-up study) and gender. Additionally this paper explores factors associated with change in food intake. METHOD: Two 3-day food diaries, demographic and socio-economic information were collected ...
Rodríguez-Ramírez Sonia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the methodology for the analysis of dietary data from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006 (ENSANUT 2006) carried out in Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Dietary data from the population who participated in the ENSANUT 2006 were collected through a 7-day food-frequency questionnaire. Energy and nutrient ...
Robinson-O'Brien Ramona - - 2009
To examine characteristics of adolescents who value eating locally grown, organic, nongenetically engineered, and/or nonprocessed food and whether they are more likely than their peers to meet Healthy People 2010 dietary objectives. Cross-sectional analysis using data from a population-based study in Minnesota (Project EAT: Eating Among Teens). Participants completed a ...
Magarey Anthea - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reliability and validity of a new parent report measure of children's dietary patterns, allowing assessment against national guidelines. METHODS: The 28-item Children's Dietary Questionnaire (CDQ) was developed based on Australian healthy eating guidelines and knowledge of current dietary intake of Australian children. It assesses intake patterns ...
Ramírez-Silva Ivonne - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To quantify fruit and vegetable (FV) dietary intake in the Mexican population and compliance with international recommendations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: FV dietary intake (FV-DI) and compliance with international recommendations were obtained in a representative sample of a Mexican population ages 1-59 years old using dietary data from the Mexican ...
Prescha Anna - - 2009
The dietary intake of patients with irritable bowel syndrome was assessed using 24-h dietary recall. The energy value and nutrient contents in the daily food rations were calculated by Nutritionist IV computer program with the Polish database. Differentiations in the Polish RDA coverage for energy and nutrients were observed in ...
Patterson Emma - - 2009
The stability of dietary habits through various life-stages is not well understood. A better understanding of the tracking of diet over time could have implications for health promotion as well as for the planning of nutritional epidemiology studies. We examined the stability of dietary intakes of children and adolescents over ...
Smith Kylie J - - 2009
Few studies have investigated the associations of takeaway food consumption with overall diet quality and abdominal obesity. Young adults are high consumers of takeaway food so we aimed to examine these associations in a national study of young Australian adults. A national sample of 1,277 men and 1,585 women aged ...
Djukić Natasa - - 2009
The total fiber intake in the adolescent population living in a boarding school was calculated using weighted food records and food composition tables. Total, insoluble, and soluble fiber daily intakes were also analyzed using the enzymatic-gravimetric method. The results were used to estimate the applicability of the calculation method to ...
Kwok Stephanie - - 2009
PURPOSE: The relationships among dietary behaviours, traditional health beliefs (THB), and demographic characteristics of Chinese Canadians living in Toronto were examined, as were their primary sources of nutrition information. METHODS: Through the use of probability sampling, 106 adult subjects who originated from China, Hong Kong, or Taiwan were recruited from ...
Eny Karen M - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) has been implicated in modulating the rewarding effects of foods high in sugar. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a variation in the DRD2 gene affects habitual consumption of sugars in a free-living population. METHODS: Caucasian men (n = 96) and ...
Hamułka Jadwiga - - 2009
The aim of the study was to assess the influence of selected demographic and lifestyle factors on the intake of lutein by groups of Polish women aged 19-81 years. The study was carried out in 100 respondents in the year 2006 with the use of 4-day dietary food records. The ...
Nakamura Yasuyuki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Almost no studies have investigated the relationship between food intake measured at middle age and future disability. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of meat, fish and egg intake with risk of subsequent mortality and/or future decline in activities of daily living (ADL) among the elderly. METHODS: The cohort consisted ...
Sharma Sangita - - 2009
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To characterize the diets of low-income inner-city African Americans to develop a population-specific quantitative food frequency questionnaire (QFFQ) that will be used to highlight foods and nutrients for a nutritional intervention program aimed at reducing the risk of chronic disease and to evaluate the program. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: ...
Lee Meei-Shyuan - - 2009
To establish a food guide, the "total diet" needs to be considered, based on prevailing patterns of food and nutrient intake; these will be culturally acceptable and recognize the prevailing social and economic conditions that affect food availability. Dairy produce is a good source of high quality protein, and provides ...
Donini L M - - 2009
Dietary fiber can be considered "any dietary component that reaches the colon without being absorbed in a healthy human gut". Thus "fiber", according to the recent literature, is contemplated any substance other than plant cell-wall material. The latter is a new definition expanding the previous one beyond carbohydrates. In fact, ...
Earnest Conrad P - - 2009
It is well established that the ingestion of the omega-3 (N3) fatty acids docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) positively benefit a variety of health indices. Despite these benefits the actual intake of fish derived N3 is relatively small in the United States. The primary aim of our study ...
Verginelli Fabio - - 2009
Colorectal cancer is mainly attributed to diet, but the role exerted by foods remains unclear because involved factors are extremely complex. Geography substantially impacts on foods. Correlations between international variation in colorectal cancer-associated mutation patterns and food availabilities could highlight the influence of foods on colorectal mutagenesis. To test such ...
Gans Kim M - - 2009
To describe the dietary behaviors of black women who enrolled in the SisterTalk weight control study. Baseline data collected via telephone survey and in-person screening. Boston, Massachusetts and surrounding areas. 461 black women completed the baseline assessments. Measured height and weight; self-reported demographics, risk factors, and dietary variables including fat-related ...
Millstein Rachel A - - 2009
High diabetes prevalence among low-income and urban African American populations. OBJECTIVES & MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: This study aimed to determine associations between neighborhood-level food sources and socioeconomic status (SES), and dietary patterns and body-mass index (BMI). The hypotheses were that the presence of food stores in neighborhoods would be associated ...
Ramsaransing Geeta S M - - 2009
Multiple sclerosis is a neurodegenerative disorder with a wide range in disease course severity. Many factors seem to be implicated in multiple sclerosis disease course, and diet has been suggested to play a role. Because limited data is present in the literature it was investigated whether variations in dietary intake ...
Delisle Hélène F - - 2009
Eating patterns of immigrants deserve to be better documented because they may reflect the extent of acculturation and associated health risks. The study assessed dietary patterns and quality in Bubi immigrants (from Equatorial Guinea) using cluster analysis and comparing different diet quality indexes. A random sample of 83 Bubi men ...
Akbaraly Tasnime N TN Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, - - 2009
Various foods have been shown to be associated with cognitive outcomes. As individual food items are not consumed in isolation, we examined the association between dietary patterns and cognitive function, with special attention to the role of education in this association. Analyses were carried out on 4,693 stroke-free white European ...
Toral Natacha - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perception of eating practices and the stages of change among adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional study involving a representative sample of 390 adolescents from 11 public schools in the city of Piracicaba, Brazil, in 2004. Food consumption was identified by a food frequency questionnaire and the perception of ...
Cutler Gretchen J - - 2009
A diet-patterns approach has often been used to describe eating patterns in adults but has rarely been used in adolescents. We used principal components factor analysis to: 1) describe the dietary patterns of a cohort of ethnically diverse youth during early and middle adolescence; 2) examine if the patterns persisted ...
Weekes C E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with a poor prognosis, yet evidence to support the role of dietary counselling and food fortification is lacking. A study was undertaken to assess the impact of dietary counselling and food fortification on outcome in outpatients with COPD who are ...
Boyington Josephine E A - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Increases in obesity and other chronic conditions continue to fuel efforts for lifestyle behavior changes. However, many strategies do not address the impact of environment on lifestyle behaviors, particularly healthy dietary intake. This study explored the perceptions of environment on intake of fruits and vegetables in a cohort of ...
Helmersson Johanna - - 2009
Fruit and vegetable consumption has been associated with a reduced risk of several diseases including CVD. A part of these effects seen could be linked to anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects, although this has not been thoroughly investigated. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of the dietary intake ...
Yang Gong - - 2009
Soy and some of its constituents, such as isoflavones, have been shown to have cancer-inhibitory activities in experimental studies. Data from epidemiologic studies linking usual soy food intake with colorectal cancer are limited and inconsistent. The objective was to investigate whether soy food intake is associated with colorectal cancer risk. ...
Kourlaba Georgia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We sought to evaluate the relationship between selected lifestyle and socio-economic characteristics and dietary habits of Greek adolescents. METHODS: During 2004, 2118 school adolescents were selected from twelve schools in Vyronas region, Athens. Dietary intake was assessed through a semi-quantitative FFQ. Principal components analysis was applied to extract dietary ...
van Staveren Wija A - - 2008
The nutrient richness of dairy products is widely recognized, but mainly low fat or skimmed versions are generally advocated given the proportion of saturated fatty acids in milk fat. The question arises how to appraise this nutrient richness relative to the contribution of the saturated fraction of dairy fat. We ...
Barquera Simon - - 2008
Little is understood about the patterns and trends in adolescent and adult beverage intake in Mexico or most other countries. Here, we used nationally representative dietary intake, income, and food expenditure surveys, which included 416 adolescents (aged 12-18 y) and 2180 adults (aged >or=19 y) from the 1999 Mexican Nutrition ...
Nöthlings Ute - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In the Multiethnic Cohort (MEC) study, we showed inverse associations between flavonols and pancreatic cancer risk. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to define a food pattern associated with intakes of quercetin, kaempferol, and myricetin; to examine the association of that pattern with pancreatic cancer risk; and to investigate the associations in ...
Hasselbalch Ann Louise - - 2008
Habitual dietary intake is a complex behavior that may have both biological and nonbiological bases. We estimated the contribution of genetic and environmental influences on dietary intake in a large population-based sample of healthy twins. Data originated from a cross-sectional study of 600 male and female healthy twin pairs with ...
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