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Baldassano Sara - - 2012
We investigated the potential anorectic action of peripherally administered glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP2) in lean and diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. Mice, fasted for 16 h, were injected i.p. with native GLP2 or [Gly2]GLP2, stable analog of GLP2, before or after GLP2 (3-33), a GLP2 receptor (GLP2R) antagonist, or exendin (9-39), a ...
Madden Clara El - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between eating in response to hunger and satiety signals (intuitive eating) and BMI. A second objective was to determine whether the hypothesized higher BMI in less intuitive eaters could be explained by the intake of specific foods, speed of eating or binge eating. DESIGN: Cross-sectional ...
Ramirez Jason J - - 2012
Four experiments using mice examined acquisition of Pavlovian biconditional discriminations in which two stimulus compounds were paired with food (AX+ and BY+) and two were not (AY- and BX-). Temporally asynchronous compounds were generated by using contextual stimuli (Experiment 1) and 15-s discrete visual cues (Experiments 2A, 2B and 3) ...
Owens Jacob - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that eating a food containing saponins (SAP), or tannins (TAN) prior to foods containing the alkaloids gramine (GRA) or 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (TRP) would provide benefits not possible when the alkaloid-containing foods were eaten alone. METHODS: In Trial 1, four groups of five lambs were first offered food with ...
Buehlmann Cornelia - - 2012
The desert ant Cataglyphis fortis is equipped with sophisticated navigational skills for returning to its nest after foraging [1, 2]. The ant's primary means for long-distance navigation is path integration, which provides a continuous readout of the ant's approximate distance [3] and direction [4] from the nest [5]. The nest ...
He Meizi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between the neighbourhood food environment and dietary intake among adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design using: (i) a geographic information system to assess characteristics of the neighbourhood food environment and neighbourhood socio-economic status; (ii) the modified Healthy Eating Index (HEI) to assess participants' overall diet quality; and ...
Njumbe Ediage E - - 2012
Two multi-analyte flow-through immunoassay formats for rapid detection of mycotoxins in a variety of food matrices (peanut cake, maize, and cassava flour) were developed and evaluated. The selected food matrices are typical staple foods and export products for most low-income communities around the world. The assay formats included gel-based and ...
Cornélio M E - - 2012
Cornélio M.E., Gallani M.-C.B.J., Godin G., Rodrigues R.C.M., Nadruz Jr W. & Mendez R.D.R. (2012) Behavioural determinants of salt consumption among hypertensive individuals. J Hum Nutr Diet. ABSTRACT: Background:  High salt consumption among populations remains a challenge for health professionals dealing with prevention and control of hypertension. The present study ...
Zhang Taichang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Folic acid (FA) is essential for healthy people (reference daily intake 400 µg day(-1) ) and pregnant women (600 µg day(-1) ). Insufficient intake of FA will increase the risk of neural tube defects in newborns. In this study an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was developed for rapid and ...
Wang Sunmin - - 2012
Prunus virginiana L. (chokecherry) fruit has potential to provide both food and energy and as annual yield of biomass and energy are much greater than annual crops such as canola and wheat. We determined chokecherry fruit weight fractions as well as pit and extracted seed oil concentrations and fatty acid ...
Colpo Karine Delevati - - 2012
In order to determine the feeding preference of Aegla platensis in streams and the importance of microorganisms in its detritivore diet, we carried out two experiments designed to evaluate the food preferences of A. platensis (1) among leaves with different levels of microbial colonization and (2) among insect larvae (Chironomidae, ...
Leah Jessica - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Household food access remains a concern among primarily agricultural households in lower- and middle-income countries. We examined the associations among domains representing livelihood assets (human capital, social capital, natural capital, physical capital and financial capital) and household food access. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey (two questionnaires) on livelihood assets. SETTING: Metropolitan ...
Kadiyala Suneetha - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Although undernutrition is recognized as a risk factor for mortality among people living with HIV (PLWHIV), even among those initiating antiretroviral therapy, few studies have explored the underlying determinants of undernutrition. The objectives of the present study were to: (i) examine the independent association between household food security, individual ...
Tawfik A - - 2012
This study was carried out to assess the impact of organic loading rate (OLR) on the performance of mesophilic anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) for H(2) production from a co-digestion of municipal food waste and kitchen wastewater. The reactor was operated at different organic loading rates (OLRs) of 29, 36 and ...
Zhao Zhi-Jun - - 2012
In Swiss mice sustained energy intake (SusEI) during peak lactation has been previously suggested to be constrained by the capacity of the mammary glands to produce milk, supporting the "peripheral limitation" hypothesis. Here we experimentally examined if SusEI in these mice was not only limited peripherally but also constrained by ...
Wadhera Devina - - 2012
The cognitive representation of a food as being a "snack" or a "meal" influences eating behavior. We found previously that subjects who considered a particular food to be a 'snack' ate significantly more calories when tested later than subjects who considered the same foods as a meal. We conducted two ...
Tueni Maya - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the errors between estimates of amounts based on photographs and actual quantities of food presented to adults or eaten on the previous day. DESIGN: A photographic atlas was constructed by taking digital photographs of three pre-weighed portion sizes of 212 traditional Lebanese dishes. In a first approach, ...
Graydon Ryan - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of lutein- and zeaxanthin-rich foods and supplements on macular pigment level (MPL) and serological markers of endothelial activation, inflammation and oxidation in healthy volunteers. We conducted two 8-week intervention studies. Study 1 (n 52) subjects were randomised to receive ...
Liang N-C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:One developing strategy for obesity treatment has been to use combinations of differently acting pharmacotherapies to improve weight loss with fewer adverse effects. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the combination of naltrexone (Nal), an opioid antagonist acting on the reward system, and exendin-4 (Ex-4), a glucagon-like ...
Geier Andrew - - 2012
Objective: To discover a scalable method of food-packaging presentation, which can help reduce per occasion food consumption by making portions sizes more salient and segmented. Methods: Two studies of American undergraduates who ate from tubes of potato chips while watching a movie. In each study, participants ate chips that were ...
Wong Julia Mw - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recent analyses have challenged the effectiveness of soy foods as part of a cardiovascular risk reduction diet. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to show whether equol status determines the effectiveness of soy foods to lower LDL cholesterol and to raise HDL cholesterol. DESIGN: Eighty-five hypercholesterolemic men and ...
Pedreschi Romina - - 2012
There is a need for selective and sensitive methods to detect the presence of food allergens at trace levels in highly processed food products. In this work, a combination of non-targeted and targeted proteomics approaches are used to illustrate the difficulties encountered in the detection of the major peanut allergens ...
Young Morgan M Department of Biological Sciences, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, 33431, - - 2012
Marine turtles are visual animals, yet we know remarkably little about how they use this sensory capacity. In this study, our purpose was to determine whether loggerhead turtles could discriminate between objects on the basis of color. We used light-adapted hatchlings to determine the minimum intensity of blue (450 nm), ...
Coronel M B - - 2012
Ochratoxin A (OTA) was analysed in composite samples of cereal-based baby foods, beer, breakfast cereals (corn- and rice and wheat-based), loaf bread, peanuts and pistachios. Foodstuffs were collected in hypermarkets and supermarkets from 12 cities in the Spanish region of Catalonia, and composite samples were prepared for analysis involving liquid-liquid ...
Karaseva N A - - 2012
A piezoelectric immunosensor on the basis of electrogenerated polymer for detecting trace quantities of chloramphenicol, a drug which is used in veterinary for treatment and prevention of infectious diseases, was developed. The detection was conducted in a competitive format with the use of hapten-protein conjugate and monoclonal antibodies. The limit ...
Villani A M - - 2012
Background:  Hypertension is common in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Dietary sodium plays an important regulatory role in blood pressure management. However, dietary sodium intakes and the major food sources of dietary sodium have yet to be thoroughly investigated in individuals with T2DM. Methods:  In a cross-sectional study ...
Guo Wei - - 2012
A robust method for trace element determination in food samples by addition of methane to the plasma of a dynamic reaction cell mass spectrometer (CH(4) mixed plasma-DRC-MS) was developed. Addition of 3mLmin(-1) methane to Ar-plasma eliminates the signal suppressions of various elements (As, Se, Hg, etc.) due to the high ...
Ogimoto Mami - - 2012
The aluminium (Al) content of 105 samples, including bakery products made with baking powder, agricultural products and seafoods treated with alum, was investigated. The amounts of Al detected were as follows (limit of quantification: 0.01 mg/g): 0.01-0.37 mg/g in 26 of 57 bakery products, 0.22-0.57 mg/g in 3 of 6 ...
Verma Arun Kumar - - 2012
There is a positive correlation between excessive intake of sodium and incidence of hypertension. As diet is the main source of sodium, awareness among people regarding its possible role upon health has driven demand for various low sodium foods including meat products. Meat products contribute a significant amount of dietary ...
Sudershan Rao V - - 2012
A study was carried out to identify microbiological hazards and assess their exposure associated with consumption of poultry based street food served in different localities of Hyderabad. The study indicated that chicken 65, chicken fried rice, chicken noodles, chicken Manchuria and chilly chicken are the most common recipes. A process ...
Meier Aimee E - - 2012
Studies have evaluated a range of interventions to treat food selectivity in children with autism and related developmental disabilities. The high-probability instructional sequence is one intervention with variable results in this area. We evaluated the effectiveness of a high-probability sequence using 3 presentations of a preferred food on increasing acceptance ...
Jimenez-Gomez Corina - - 2012
An extensive body of research using concurrent-chains schedules of reinforcement has shown that choice for one of two differentially valued food-associated stimuli is dependent upon the overall temporal context in which those stimuli are embedded. The present experiments examined whether the concurrent chains procedure was useful for the study of ...
Rossoll Dennis - - 2012
Our present understanding of ocean acidification (OA) impacts on marine organisms caused by rapidly rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO(2)) concentration is almost entirely limited to single species responses. OA consequences for food web interactions are, however, still unknown. Indirect OA effects can be expected for consumers by changing the nutritional ...
Kniffin Kevin M - - 2012
Do people believe that sharing food might involve sharing more than just food? To investigate this, participants were asked to rate how jealous they (Study 1)--or their best friend (Study 2)--would be if their current romantic partner were contacted by an ex-romantic partner and subsequently engaged in an array of ...
Adams Jean J Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom. - - 2012
In 2007, new scheduling restrictions on television food advertising to children in the UK were announced. The aim of the restrictions was to "reduce significantly the exposure of children under 16 to high fat, salt or sugar (HFSS) advertising". We explored the impact of the restrictions on relative exposure to ...
Hoflehner Elisabeth E Institute of Specific Prophylaxis and Tropical Medicine, Center for Pathophysiology, Infectiology and Immunology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2012
Among birch pollen allergic patients up to 70% develop allergic reactions to Bet v 1-homologue food allergens such as Api g 1 (celery) or Dau c 1 (carrot), termed as birch pollen-related food allergy. In most cases, specific immunotherapy with birch pollen extracts does not reduce allergic symptoms to the ...
Effertz Tobias - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the German food industry directs commercials for unhealthy products to children and whether self-administered voluntary restrictions on the promotion of less healthy foods (the EU Pledge) are effective to mitigate this exposure. DESIGN: By analysing German data from television (TV) channels, advertised products were categorized and ...
Jo Qtae - - 2011
Live algae carrying hydrophobic xenobiotics can be an effective vector candidate for the chemical translocation to filter feeders in the laboratory toxicity test, but information on their application is lacking. Time-course uptake and elimination of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) (0, 50, 100, and 500 ng g(-1) by two key algal foods, ...
Ontiveros-Martínez M Del Refugio Mdel - - 2011
As an alternative on the search for functional food products, this study evaluated the use of sourdough in the preparation of wheat flour tortillas. The sourdough was elaborated with Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis and the wheat flour tortillas were prepared with different concentrations of mother sponge (5%, 15%, and 25%) and fermentation ...
Sukumaran Aparna - - 2011
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2011 Aims.  This study was conducted to examine the nature, content, and duration of advertisements broadcasted during children's Tamil television channels and to determine the extent to which television advertising changes during school holiday and non-holiday periods and between prime time and non-prime time broadcast. ...
de Queiroz Mauricio A - - 2011
The laboratory activity of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply in Brazil has a history that is richer than most people are aware of. The institutions that today are known as National Agricultural Laboratory - Lanagros - were once a smaller initiative that suffered ups and downs throughout ...
Boyland Emma J - - 2011
Abstract Objective. To provide the most comprehensive analysis to date of the extent of food advertising on UK television channels popular with young people following regulatory reform of this type of marketing activity. Methods. UK television was recorded 06:00-22:00 h for a weekday and a weekend day every month between ...
Henderson Julie - - 2011
Objective : Trust is a crucial component of food safety and governance. This research surveyed a random selection of the population to examine its level of trust in a variety of 'actors' and organisations in the food chain. Methods : A computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) survey addressing trust in the ...
Gama-Flores Jose Luis - - 2011
We quantified the combined effects of three food levels (0.01 x 10(6), 0.1 x 10(6) and 1.0 x 10(6) cells ml(-1)) and three temperature levels (15, 20 and 25 degrees C) on the somatic and the clonal population growth of two cladocerans Ceriodaphnia dubia and Daphnia pulex for 24 to ...
Martinez-Jeronimo Fernando - - 2011
The knowledge of population effects of food on tropical, filter-feeding cladocerans is scarce because a reduced number of species has been extensively studied. Ceriodaphnia rigaudi Richard 1894, a small-sized cladoceran distributed mainly in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, was studied. The aim of this study was to contribute ...
Van Vliet Bruce N - - 2011
This review addresses the rationale for lowering dietary sodium intake in Canada and recent progress in this direction. Data from trials involving moderate and sustained (≥ 4 weeks) reductions in sodium intake demonstrated significant dose-dependent effects on blood pressure (BP) with larger effects in hypertensive individuals. Average sodium intake in ...
Liem Djin Gie - - 2011
Sodium is an essential micronutrient and, via salt taste, appetitive. High consumption of sodium is, however, related to negative health effects such as hypertension, cardiovascular diseases and stroke. In industrialized countries, about 75% of sodium in the diet comes from manufactured foods and foods eaten away from home. Reducing sodium ...
Bertrand Micheline - - 2011
1. The feeding range of an individual is central to food web dynamics as it determines the spatial scale of predator-prey interactions. However, despite recognition of its importance as a driving force in population dynamics, establishing feeding range is seldom done as detailed information on trophic interactions is difficult to obtain. ...
Guenther Susanne - - 2011
Soft-ripened cheeses belong to the type of food most often contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes, and they have been implicated in several outbreaks of listeriosis. Bacteriophages represent an attractive way to combat foodborne pathogens without affecting other properties of the food. We used the broad host range, virulent Listeria phage A511 ...
Mulder Kelly A - - 2011
To determine the intake distribution and food sources of sodium among young children. Dietary intake was determined for 190 children, 16 months to 6 years of age, using a food frequency questionnaire completed by interviewing a parent. Dietary intake of all nutrients, including dietary sodium, was analyzed. The major food ...
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