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Heery Emily E 1School of Public Health,Physiotherapy and Population Science,Woodview House,University College Dublin,Belfield,Dublin 4,Republic of - - 2014
To examine the influence of health behaviours and psychological well-being on gestational weight gain using a biopsychosocial model. A prospective cohort study of pregnant women consecutively recruited at their first antenatal care visit. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data on health behaviours and psychological well-being in early pregnancy. ...
Kim Dong Woo DW 1Department of Food and Nutrition,Seoul National University,Gwanak-gu,Seoul,Republic of - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the reproducibility and validity of the newly developed FFQ for the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) and to estimate the measure's calibration factors. The 109-item FFQ was administered twice, approximately 9 months apart. We also collected four seasonal 3 d dietary records (DR) ...
Ariunbaatar Javkhlan J Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, University of Cassino and the Southern Lazio, Via Di Biasio, 43, 03043 Cassino, FR, Italy; UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Westvest 7, 2611 AX Delft, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Treatment of food waste by anaerobic digestion can lead to an energy production coupled to a reduction of the volume and greenhouse gas emissions from this waste type. According to EU Regulation EC1774/2002, food waste should be pasteurized/sterilized before or after anaerobic digestion. With respect to this regulation and also ...
Dechet Amy M AM 1 Medical Education, Portland Providence Medical Center , Portland, - - 2014
Abstract After a series of outbreaks associated with sprouts in the mid-1990s, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published guidelines in 1999 for sprouts producers to reduce the risk of contamination. The recommendations included treating seeds with an antimicrobial agent such as calcium hypochlorite solution and testing spent irrigation ...
Crichton Georgina E GE Nutritional Physiology Research Centre, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia; Centre de Recherche Public Santé, Centre d'Etudes en Santé, Strassen, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg. Electronic address: - - 2014
Because research focusing on dairy food consumption and the risk for obesity is inconsistent and only a few studies have even examined specific dairy products, in regard to type of food and fat content, in relation to obesity risk, this cross-sectional study investigated whether dairy food consumption is associated with ...
Vally Hassan H 1 School of Public Health and Human Biosciences, La Trobe University , Melbourne, Australia - - 2014
Abstract Background: Estimates of the burden of illness acquired from food inform public health policy and prioritize interventions. A key component of such estimates is the proportion of illnesses that are acquired by foodborne transmission. In view of the shortage of requisite data, these proportions are commonly obtained through a ...
Chagnot Caroline C INRA, UR454 Microbiologie, F-63122 Saint-Genès Champanelle, France; INRA, UR370 Qualité des Produits Animaux, F-63122 Saint-Genès Champanelle, - - 2014
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) are anthropozoonotic agents that range third among food-borne pathogens respective to their incidence and dangerousness in the European Union. EHEC are Shiga-toxin producing E. coli (STEC) responsible for foodborne poisoning mainly incriminated to the consumption of contaminated beef meat. Among the hundreds of STEC serotypes identified, ...
Niu Yumin Y Beijing Key Laboratory of Diagnostic and Traceability Technologies for Food Poisoning, Beijing Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100013, - - 2015
Concentrations of bisphenol A (BPA) and nonylphenol (NP) were measured in food samples from the 2007 Chinese total diet study (TDS). BPA and NP were detected in 72 and 143 of 144 TDS samples, respectively, with concentrations ranging from 20ng/kg to 267μg/kg and 30ng/kg to 1268μg/kg, respectively. BPA was highest ...
Esteban-Torres María M Laboratorio de Biotecnología Bacteriana, Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos y Nutrición (ICTAN), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) , Juan de la Cierva 3, 28006 Madrid, - - 2014
Lactobacillus plantarum is a lactic acid bacteria that can be found in numerous fermented foods. Esterases from L. plantarum exert a fundamental role in food aroma. In the present study, the gene lp_2631 encoding a putative esterase was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) and the overproduced Lp_2631 ...
Das Deeplina D Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati - 781 039, - - 2014
An α-D-glucan produced by Lactobacillus plantarum DM5 was explored for in vitro prebiotic activities. Glucan-DM5 demonstrated 21.6% solubility, 316.9% water holding capacity, 86.2% flocculation activity, 71.4% emulsification activity and a degradation temperature (Td) of 292.2°C. Glucan-DM5 exhibited lowest digestibility of 0.54% by artificial gastric juice, 0.21% by intestinal fluid and ...
Green Alice L AL 1 Food Safety and Inspection Service , U.S. Department of Agriculture, Minneapolis, - - 2014
Abstract We described characteristics of the Escherichia coli O157 and Escherichia coli non-O157 illness investigations conducted by the United States Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) during the 5-year period from 2006 through 2010. We created a multivariable logistic regression model to determine characteristics of these investigations ...
Nemser Sarah M SM 1 U.S. Food and Drug Administration , Center for Veterinary Medicine, Office of Research, Laurel, - - 2014
Abstract The Veterinary Laboratory Investigation and Response Network (Vet-LIRN), in collaboration with the Food Emergency Response Network (FERN) and its Microbiology Cooperative Agreement Program (MCAP) laboratories, conducted a study to evaluate the prevalence of selected microbial organisms in various types of pet foods. The goal of this blinded study was ...
Tschudin-Sutter Sarah S Division of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Food is an established source of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae. Hand hygiene and cooking prevent transmission, but hands could be recontaminated by touching used cutting boards. ESBL-producing Escherichia coli were identified on 12% of cutting boards and 50% of gloves after poultry preparation, pointing to an important source for transmission.
Tamburini Sabrina S Centre for Integrative Biology, University of Trento, - - 2014
Evaluation of flow cytometry coupled with viability markers to monitor the inactivation of Escherichia coli cells spiked on solid food following High Pressure Carbon Dioxide (HPCD), a mild processing technology. Flow cytometry (FCM) coupled with SYBR-Green I and Propidium Iodide was applied to monitor the effect of HPCD treatment on ...
Brandão Marcelo L L ML Laboratory of Products, Microbiology Dept, National Inst. of Quality Control in Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Av. Brasil, 4365, Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro - RJ, Brazil, CEP 21040 - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the microbiological contamination of lettuces commercialized in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in order to investigate detection of norovirus genogroup II (NoV GII), Salmonella spp., total and fecal coliforms, such as Escherichia coli. For NoV detection samples were processed using the adsorption-elution concentration method associated to ...
Luo Yangchao - - 2014
Low-cost emulsification technologies using food ingredients are critical to various applications. In the present study, a novel self-emulsification technique was studied to prepare clove bud oil (CBO) emulsions, without specialized equipment or organic solvents. CBO was first dissolved in hot alkaline solutions, added at 1% v/v into neutral solutions with ...
Mondani L L SPrAM, UMR 5819 CEA / CNRS / UJF-Grenoble 1, Institute for Nanosciences & Cryogeny, CEA-Grenoble, F-38054, Grenoble, - - 2014
Rapid detection of enterohemorrhagic E. coli O157:H7 in large range of stress conditions occurring in food processing. Detection of E. coli O157:H7 in various food processing stress conditions using Surface Plasmon Resonance imaging (SPRi) technique on an antibody microarray was evaluated. The direct detection method based on the Culture/Capture/Measure (CCM) ...
Sun Xiuxiu X Dept. of Nutrition and Food Science, Wayne State Univ, Detroit, MI 48202, - - 2014
Chitosan coating plus different essential oils was developed and applied to fresh blueberries in order to find more natural treatments to preserve fresh fruit quality and safety during postharvest storage. Studies were 1st performed in vitro where wild-type Escherichia coli and Penicillium digitatum were grown in suitable media, and then ...
Stewardson Andrew J AJ Infection Control Program, University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, - - 2014
Objective. Determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) contamination of food and colonization of food handlers in a hospital kitchen and compare retrieved ESBL-PE strains with patient isolates. Design. Cross-sectional study. Setting. A 2,200-bed tertiary care university hospital in Switzerland. Participants. Food handlers. Methods. Raw and prepared food samples were obtained from the ...
Sharma I I Department of Microbiology, Assam University, Silchar - 788 011, Assam, - - 2014
A total of 37 street vended food samples were examined for bacterial and the colony forming units counts ranged from 4.5 × 10 5 to 1.12 × 10 6 . The isolates were identified as Escherichia coli (37.5%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.57%), Staphylococcus aureus (14.20%), Salmonella sp. (5.36%), Klebsiella sp. (10.71%), ...
Ennouri Monia M 1 Higher Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology of Mahdia , Mahdia, Tunisia - - 2014
Abstract Opuntia ficus-indica f. inermis (cactus pear) flowers have wide application in folk medicine. However, there are few reports focusing on their biological activity and were no reports on their chemical composition. The nutrient composition and hexane extracts of Opuntia flowers at 4 flowering stages and their antibacterial and antifungal ...
Pielaat Annemarie A Centre for Zoonoses and Environmental Microbiology, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, P.O. Box 1, 3720 BA, Bilthoven, The Netherlands. - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the microbial hazard associated with the consumption of mixed salads produced under standard conditions. The presence of Salmonella, Campylobacter spp., and Escherichia coli O157 in the Dutch production chain of mixed salads was determined. Microbial prevalence and concentration data from a microbiological ...
Park Myoung-Su MS Department of Food Science and Biotechnology and Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Gangwon 200-701, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the microbial contamination levels (aerobic bacteria plate count [APC], coliforms, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Listeria monocytogenes) in mixed pressed ham and cooked sausage. A total of 180 samples were collected from factories with and without hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP) ...
Johnson N N Nestlé Research Centre, Nestec Ltd., Vers-Chez-Les-Blanc, 1000 Lausanne 26, - - 2014
The suitability of indirect impedance to accurately measure microbial growth in real food matrices was investigated. A variety of semi-solid and liquid food products were inoculated with Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Lactobacillus plantarum, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteriditis, Candida tropicalis or Zygosaccharomyces rouxii and CO2 production was ...
Lorenz Sandra C SC U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Division of Microbiology, College Park, MD 20740, USA; University of Hamburg, Hamburg School of Food Science, Institute of Food Chemistry, Grindelallee 117, 20146 Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previously published PCR-RFLP methods failed to detect the six genetically different Escherichia coli ehxA subtypes reliably. Here we describe an improved PCR-RFLP method that detects all ehxA subtypes. Importantly, ehxA-subtyping may contribute to the detection of potentially pathogenic STECs and can expedite initial screenings of patient samples and food enrichments.
Haenni Marisa M Unité Antibiorésistance et Virulence Bactériennes, ANSES Site de Lyon, 31 avenue Tony Garnier, 69364 Lyon, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food-producing animals have become a growing reservoir of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria. In cattle, veal calves are exposed to high amounts of antibiotics but ESBL prevalence data are still limited compared to other food sectors such as poultry production. Based on the investigation of 491 veal calves from different slaughtering ...
Guerra Beatriz B Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department of Biological Safety, Max-Dohrn Strasse 8-10, D-10589 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Worldwide, the emergence and global spread of microorganisms with acquired carbapenemases is of great concern. The reservoirs for such organisms are increasing, not only in hospitals, but also in the community and environment. A new and important development is the presence of such organisms in livestock, companion animals and wildlife. ...
Lingbeck Jody M JM Sea Star International LLC., 2138 East Revere Place, Fayetteville, AR 72701, - - 2014
The smoking of foods, especially meats, has been used as a preservation technique for centuries. Today, smoking methods often involve the use of wood smoke condensates, commonly known as liquid smoke. Liquid smoke is produced by condensing wood smoke created by the pyrolysis of sawdust or wood chips followed by ...
Liandris Emmanouil E Faculty of Animal Science and Aquaculture, Agricultural Univ. of Athens, 75 Iera Odos St., 11855, Athens, - - 2014
Foodborne illness is a major cause of morbidity and mortality especially for children, even in the developed world. The aim of this study was to assess the microbial safety of food of animal origin intended for consumption by children in Greece. Sampling involved 8 categories of retail products and was ...
Moon Shinje S Division of Epidemic Intelligence Service, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Osong, - - 2014
Food- and water-borne disease outbreaks (FBDOs) are an important public health problem worldwide. This study investigated the trends in FBDOs in Korea and established emerging causal pathogens and causal vehicles. We analyzed FBDOs in Korea by year, location, causal pathogens, and causal vehicles from 2007 to 2012. Information was collected ...
Smith James L JL USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
In the United States, it is estimated that non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) cause more illnesses than STEC O157:H7, and the majority of cases of non-O157 STEC infections are due to serogroups O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145, referred to as the top six non-O157 STEC. The diseases ...
Aydin Muhsin M Department of Molecular Biosciences, Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, Arkansas 72401, - - 2014
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a major foodborne pathogen that has posed serious problems for food safety and public health. Recent outbreaks and recalls associated with various foods contaminated by E. coli O157:H7 clearly indicate its deleterious effect on food safety. A rapid and sensitive detection assay is needed for this ...
Ritter Ana Carolina AC University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. - - 2014
Foodborne diseases are typically caused by the ingestion of food contaminated with micro-organisms or their toxins, resulting in gastrointestinal disorders and in some severe cases hospitalization and death. In Brazil, foodborne illnesses are caused mainly by Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. The most important contributing factors for outbreaks are ...
Iijima Yoshio Y Kobe Institute of - - 2014
Studies on outbreaks or incidences of infectious diseases and food poisonings are the starting points in research. Analyses of the outbreaks will provide the mechanism by which the illnesses occur and the establishment of countermeasure. We report here some sensational outbreaks which recently occurred in Japan: 1) enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli ...
Vital Pierangeli G PG Institute of Biology, College of Science, University of the Philippines, Diliman, 1101 Quezon City, Philippines ; Natural Sciences Research Institute, University of the Philippines, Diliman, 1101 Quezon City, - - 2014
This study is the first in the Philippines to conduct a comprehensive assessment of the prevalence of bacterial pathogens and somatic phages in retailed fresh produce used in salad preparation, namely, bell pepper, cabbage, carrot, lettuce, and tomato, using culture and molecular methods. Out of 300 samples from open air ...
Ohtsuka Kayoko K Saitama Prefectural Institute of Public - - 2014
Foodborne infections with enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) related to food in each step of the cooking of a Japanese barbecue have been reported in Japan. We examined the survival of EHEC during various types of cooking on a Japanese barbecue. The number of EHEC in barbecue sauce remained stable during ...
Wang Shaohui S 0000-0003-0170-3309 Shanghai Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai 200241, - - 2014
Objective. To elucidate the extent of food contamination by enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157 in Eastern China. Methods. A total of 1100 food and animal fecal samples were screened for EHEC O157. Then, molecular characterization of each isolate was determined. Results. EHEC O157 was isolated as follows: pig feces, 4% ...
Vondrakova Lucie L Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Faculty of Food and Biochemical Technology, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Technicka 5, Prague 166 28, Czech - - 2014
Thermotolerant Campylobacter jejuni, coli and lari are recognized as leading food-borne pathogens causing an acute bacterial enteritis worldwide. Due to narrow spectrum of their biochemical activity, it is very complicated to distinguish between individual species. For reliable risk assessment, proper incidence evaluation or swift sample analysis regarding individual species, a ...
Dunford Elizabeth E http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4505-3256 The George Institute for Global Health, Food Policy Division, Camperdown, Australia. - - 2014
Front-of-pack nutrition labeling (FoPL) schemes can help consumers understand the nutritional content of foods and may aid healthier food choices. However, most packaged foods in Australia carry no easily interpretable FoPL, and no standard FoPL system has yet been mandated. About two thirds of Australians now own a smartphone. We ...
Huang Linhua L Bioresource Utilization Laboratory, College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, - - 2013
A novel fungal l-asparaginase gene from Rhizomucor miehei termed RmAsnase was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. Its deduced amino acid sequence shared only 57% identity with those of other reported l-asparaginases. The purified l-asparaginase homodimer had a molecular mass of 133.7 kDa, a high specific activity of 1,985 U/mg, ...
Bogard April K - - 2013
Eating in table-service restaurants has been implicated as a risk factor for Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection. To explore this association and learn about the prevalence of risky ground beef preparation practices in restaurants, the Environmental Health Specialists Network (EHS-Net) assessed ground beef handling policies and practices in restaurants in California, ...
Olejnik-Schmidt Agnieszka K AK Department of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego Street No. 48, 60-627 PoznaƄ, - - 2014
Bacteriocins are small peptides with antimicrobial activity, that are produced by bacteria. Four classes of bacteriocins produced by lactic acid bacteria have been defined. Class IIa bacteriocins are promising candidates for industrial applications due to their high biological activity and their physicochemical properties. Divercin AS7 is a class IIa bacteriocin ...
Madhu Arenahalli Ningegowda - - 2013
The study details the investigations on the ability of Lactobacillus plantarum CFR 2194, an isolate from kanjika, a rice-based ayurvedic fermented product, to produce biosurfactant. Surfactant production, as a function of fermentation time, indicates that the maximum production occurred at 72 h under stationary conditions. Isolation, partial purification, and characterization of ...
Chen Dong - - 2014
This study investigated the degree of cross-contamination between deli foods and slicers by Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella, and Escherichia coli O157:H7, and their inactivation by levulinic acid (LA) plus sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) on slicers. The transfer rate of pathogens at 5 locations on the contaminated slicers (scenario I) and on ...
Cálix-Lara Thelma F - - 2014
The microbiological safety of fresh produce is of concern for the U.S. food supply. Members of the Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) have been reported to antagonize pathogens by competing for nutrients and by secretion of substances with antimicrobial activity, including organic acids, peroxides, and antimicrobial polypeptides. The objectives of this ...
Wang Haiyan - - 2014
Among food allergens, walnut is a frequent cause of adverse food reactions in allergic patients. In this study, the walnut allergen protein 2S albumin precursor (Jug r 1) cDNA was synthesised and cloned into the pGEX-6P-1 expression vector. The recombinant plasmids were transformed into Escherichia coli (E. coli) BL21(DE3) pLys ...
Vestby Lene K - - 2013
Investigate the use of a synthetic brominated furanone (F202) against the establishment of biofilm by Salmonella ser. Agona and E. coli O103:H2 under temperature conditions relevant for the food and feed industry as well as under temperature conditions optimum for growth. Effect of F202 on biofilm formation by Salmonella ser. ...
Irsfeld Meredith M Department of Veterinary and Microbiological Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo ND - - 2013
During a screen of bacterial nutrients as inhibitors of Escherichia coli O157:H7 biofilm, the Prüß research team made an intriguing observation: among 95 carbon and 95 nitrogen sources tested, β-phenylethylamine (PEA) performed best at reducing bacterial cell counts and biofilm amounts, when supplemented to liquid beef broth medium. This review ...
Ozalp V Cengiz - - 2013
We report an immuno-magnetic separation system developed by the immobilization of pathogen-specific antibodies on the core-shell magnetic beads. The magnetic beads were grafted with glycidylmethacrylate (GMA) using surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP). For immuno-magnetic separation (IMS) of target bacterial cells from others, antibodies for Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica ...
Kilonzo Christopher - - 2013
Recent outbreaks of foodborne illness associated with the consumption of produce has increased concern over wildlife reservoirs of foodborne pathogens. Wild rodents are ubiquitous and those living close to agricultural farms may pose a food safety risk should they shed zoonotic microorganisms in their feces near or on agricultural commodities. ...
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