Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 606
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Robinson Thomas N TN Solutions Science Lab, Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics and Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, 1265 Welch Road, MSOB X129, Stanford, CA 94305. Electronic address: - - 2014
Evidence from laboratory and field studies indicates that large portions lead to greater food and energy intake relative to small portions. However, most children and adults demonstrate limited abilities to estimate and control the amounts of food they serve and consume. Five potential environmental strategies appear promising for improving portion ...
Tarasuk Valerie - - 2014
Food banks have emerged in response to growing food insecurity among low-income groups in many affluent nations, but their ability to manage this problem is questionable. In Canada, in the absence of public programs and policy interventions, food banks are the only source of immediate assistance for households struggling to ...
Carvalho M A MA Institute of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Lisbon, Lisboa, - - 2014
Current methods for assessing children's dietary intake, such as interviewer-administered 24-h dietary recall (24-h DR), are time consuming and resource intensive. Self-administered instruments offer a low-cost diet assessment method for use with children. The present study assessed the validity of the Portuguese self-administered, computerised, 24-h DR (PAC24) against the observation ...
Augustin Mary Ann MA CSIRO Food and Nutritional Sciences, Werribee, Victoria 3030, Australia; email: - - 2014
Manufacturers often cannot simply add a nutraceutical to a food when formulating functional foods that have acceptable sensory appeal as well as the desired health benefits. The appropriate application of microencapsulation for stabilizing nutraceuticals enables their effective delivery through food. Careful design of the delivery system helps protect sensitive nutraceuticals ...
Dickinson Eric E School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom; email: - - 2014
This article reviews progress in the field of food colloids with particular emphasis on advances in novel functional ingredients and nanoscale structuring. Specific aspects of ingredient development described here are the stabilization of bubbles and foams by the protein hydrophobin, the emulsifying characteristics of Maillard-type protein-polysaccharide conjugates, the structural and ...
Wyka Joanna J Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Food Science, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the dietary exposure to acrylamide (AA) in a group of teenagers (n=261) from an urban environment. The intake of AA from food was estimated based on a 7-day food record diary (consecutive days). The food rations obtained (n = 1827) were used ...
O'Connor Laura L School of Food and Nutritional Science, University College Cork,Cork,Republic of - - 2014
Higher dietary energy density (DED) has been reported to be associated with weight gain, obesity and poorer dietary quality, yet nationally representative estimates that would allow tracking of secular trends and inter-country comparisons are limited. The aims of the present study were to calculate DED estimates for the Irish population ...
Nummi Petri P Department of Forest Sciences, University of Helsinki, PL 27, 00014, Helsinki, Finland, - - 2014
The growth rate of populations usually varies over time, often in a density-dependent manner. Despite the large amount of literature on density dependence, relatively little is known of the mechanisms underlying the density-dependent processes affecting populations, especially per capita natality. We performed a 20-year study on the density dependence of ...
Larsen Kristian K Child Health Evaluative Sciences, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada, - - 2014
The objective was to examine how access to fast food restaurants, less healthy/healthier food outlets and supermarkets relate to measured levels of overweight and obesity among grade 5 and 6 students. Measured height and weight data were obtained to measure BMI. The location and type of food outlet were derived ...
Mekjinda N N Faculty of Technology and Environment, Prince of Songkla University, Phuket Campus, Kathu, Phuket 83120, - - 2014
Large volumes of food waste are produced by restaurants, hotels, etc generating problems in its collection, processing and disposal. Disposal as garbage increases the organic matter in landfills and leachates. The photosynthetic bacterium Rhodopseudomonas palustris (CGA 009) easily broke down food waste. R. palustris produces H2 under anaerobic conditions and ...
Moraes Carlos Am CA Civil Engineering - Graduate Program, Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos (UNISINOS), Brazil - - 2014
One of the consequences of industrial food production activities is the generation of high volumes of waste, whose disposal can be problematic, since it occupies large spaces, and when poorly managed can pose environmental and health risks for the population. The rice industry is an important activity and generates large ...
Maruyama Koutatsu K Department of Basic Medical Research and Education, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Shitsukawa, Toon, Ehime 791-0295, Japan; Department of Preventive Cardiology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, 5-7-1, Fujishiro-dai, Suita, Osaka 565-8565, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Because few studies have developed food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) and examined their reliability for Japanese urban populations, FFQ developed for urban Japanese population may show reasonable reliability for estimating intakes of nutrients and food groups. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the reliability of an FFQ developed ...
Cody Mildred M - - 2014
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that all people should have access to a safe food and water supply. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics supports science-based food and water regulations and recommendations that are applied consistently across all foods and water regulated by all ...
Yates Luke L Department of Sociology/Sustainable Consumption Institute, 188 Waterloo Place, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper examines food eaten at meals in Great Britain. It presents findings about contemporary meal content, reflecting on the relationship between meal content and occasion, and makes comparison with an earlier study. Drawing on an online survey (N = 2784), conducted in September 2012, it describes the food consumed at daily ...
Qamaruz-Zaman N N School of Civil Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food wastes with high moisture and organic matter content are likely to emit odours as a result of the decomposition process. The management of odour from decomposing wastes is needed to sustain the interest of residents and local councils in the source separation of kitchen wastes. This study investigated the ...
Simpson Stephen J SJ The Charles Perkins Center and School of Biological Sciences, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia; email: - - 2014
In this review we highlight recent advances in four areas in which nutrition shapes the relationships between organisms: between plants and herbivores, between hosts and their microbiota, between individuals within groups and societies, and between species within food webs.Wedemonstrate that taking an explicitly multidimensional view of nutrition and employing the ...
Pereira-da-Silva L L 1] Neonatal Division, Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Dona Estefânia, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, Lisbon, Portugal [2] Nutrition Lab, Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Dona Estefânia, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, Lisbon, Portugal [3] Dietetics and Nutrition, Lisbon School of Health Technology, Lisbon, - - 2014
Objective:The adjusted effect of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) intake during pregnancy on adiposity at birth of healthy full-term appropriate-for-gestational age neonates was evaluated.Study Design:In a cross-sectional convenience sample of 100 mother and infant dyads, LCPUFA intake during pregnancy was assessed by food frequency questionnaire with nutrient intake calculated using ...
Tăut Diana D Babeş-Bolyai University, - - 2014
Background: Research suggests that while capacities for self-regulation gradually improve during adolescence, eating habits become unhealthier. This study investigated whether there are age-related patterns in using self-regulation strategies (SRS) as well as in the self-reported dietary intake of fruit, vegetables, and unhealthy snacks. Moreover, we tested the strength of the ...
Ravussin Yann Y Department of Medicine, Columbia University, 1150 St. Nicholas Ave, New York, NY 10032, USA; Naomi Berrie Diabetes Center, Columbia University, 1150 St. Nicholas Ave, New York, NY 10032, - - 2014
Mammals regulate fat mass so that increases or reductions in adipose tissue mass activate responses that favor return to one's previous weight. A reduction in fat mass activates a system that increases food intake and reduces energy expenditure; conversely, overfeeding and rapid adipose tissue expansion reduces food intake and increases ...
Jones Jessica A - - 2014
Breast density is an established predictor of breast cancer risk, and there is considerable interest in associations of modifiable lifestyle factors, such as diet, with breast density. To determine whether dietary energy density (ED) is associated with percent dense breast volume (%DBV) and absolute dense breast volume (ADBV) in young ...
Chung Sung Hee SH School of Integrative Engineering, Chung-Ang University, Heuksuk-dong, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 156-756, Republic of - - 2014
Sample preparation has recently been an issue in the detection of food poisoning pathogens, particularly viruses such as norovirus (NoV), in food because of the complexity of foods and raw fresh materials. Here, we demonstrate a total analytical microfluidic chip module to automatically perform a series of essential processes (cell ...
Amaral Regiane Cristina do RC Department of Social and Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, State University of Campinas, Piracicaba, SP, - - 2014
To compare estimates of food behavior related to oral health obtained through a self-report measure and 24 hour dietary recalls (R24h). We applied three R24h and one self-report measure in 87 adolescents. The estimates for eleven food items were compared at individual and group levels. No significant differences in mean ...
Spronk Inge I Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The - - 2014
This study investigated the association between general nutrition knowledge and dietary quality in a convenience sample of athletes (≥ state level) recruited from four Australian State Sport Institutes. General nutrition knowledge was measured by the validated General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire and diet quality by an adapted version of the Australian ...
Abramsson-Zetterberg Lilianne L Department of science, The Swedish National Food Agency, Box 622, 751 26 Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
In a market basket study made at the National Food Agency in Sweden, in which the most common consumed foodstuffs are sampled, the content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) and PAH4 (B(a)P, chrysene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, and benz(a)anthracene) were analysed. To this data were added results on B(a)P and PAH4 ...
Reynolds Christian J CJ Centre for Industrial and Applied Mathematics and the Barbara Hardy Institute, University of South Australia, South Australia, Australia Integrated Sustainability Analysis, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia - - 2014
Food waste is a global problem. In Australia alone, it is estimated that households throw away AU$5.2 billion worth of food (AU$616 per household) each year. Developed countries have formal waste management systems that provide measures of food waste. However, much remains unknown about informal food waste disposal routes and ...
Nguyen Khanh-Hoang KH School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 790-784, Republic of - - 2014
This study assessed the level of 24 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in Korean foods following a Progressive Total Diet Study (TDS). The experiments comprised 96 types of dietetically representative foods, all were either cooked or edible raw. PBDEs were widely encountered in foodstuffs with the highest concentration in plant oils, ...
Jumars Peter A PA Ira C. Darling Marine Center, University of Maine, Walpole, ME 04573 and School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine, Orono, Maine 04469; email: - - 2014
Polychaetes are common in most marine habitats and dominate many infaunal communities. Functional guild classification based on taxonomic identity and morphology has linked community structure to ecological function. The functional guilds now include osmotrophic siboglinids as well as sipunculans, echiurans, and myzostomes, which molecular genetic analyses have placed within Annelida. ...
Duffey Kiyah J KJ Department of Nutrition and Department of Human Nutrition, Foods, and Exercise, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA; - - 2014
Snacking has increased globally, but little is known about how Mexicans consume foods outside meals. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and patterns of snacking behavior among Mexicans. We used data from children and adults (aged ≥2 y; n = 9937) from the Mexican National Nutrition ...
Kim Jihye J Department of Clinical Nutrition, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Dongduk Women's University, Seoul 136-714, - - 2014
The objective of the study was to provide useful insights into plain water intake of Korean adults according to life style, anthropometric, and dietary characteristics. The data from the 2008-2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used. The subjects were 14,428 aged 20-64 years. Water intake was estimated ...
Walker Michael E - - 2014
Product energy intensity (PEI) metrics allow industry and policymakers to quantify manufacturing energy requirements on a product-output basis. However, complexities can arise for benchmarking of thermally concentrated products, particularly in the food processing industry, due to differences in outlet composition, feed material composition and processing technology. This study analyzes tomato ...
Vilone Giulia G a Expert Modelling and Statistics , Creme Global Ltd, The Tower, Trinity Technology and Enterprise Campus, Grand Canal Quay , Dublin 2 , - - 2014
Food consumption data are a key element of EFSA's risk assessment activities, forming the basis of dietary exposure assessment at the European level. In 2011, EFSA released the Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database, gathering consumption data from 34 national surveys representing 66,492 individuals from 22 European Union member states. Due ...
Stuyckens Kim K Janssen Research & Development, Turnhoutseweg 30, Beerse, B-2340, Belgium, - - 2014
Abiraterone acetate, an androgen biosynthesis inhibitor, prolongs survival in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) in the pre- and post-chemotherapy setting as demonstrated by the pivotal phase III studies COU-AA-301 and COU-AA-302. We performed population pharmacokinetic analyses to estimate pharmacokinetic parameters after oral administration of 1,000 mg/day of abiraterone acetate in ...
Elliott Sarah A SA Children's Nutrition Research Centre, Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute, The University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, Australia Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Southern Clinical School, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia - - 2014
Background: In a clinical setting, collecting information on dietary intake and physical activity is an essential component of nutrition assessment. Parent- or self-reported measures may be an acceptable method to ascertain important information on dietary habits and physical activity levels (PALs). This article aims to investigate whether parents can accurately ...
Garas Lydia C LC Department of Animal Science, University of California, Davis, CA - - 2014
Recent advances in the production of genetically engineered (GE) livestock have resulted in a variety of new transgenic animals with desirable production and composition changes. GE animal have been generated to improve growth efficiency, food composition, and disease resistance in domesticated livestock species. GE animals are also used to produce ...
Heery Emily E 1School of Public Health,Physiotherapy and Population Science,Woodview House,University College Dublin,Belfield,Dublin 4,Republic of - - 2014
To examine the influence of health behaviours and psychological well-being on gestational weight gain using a biopsychosocial model. A prospective cohort study of pregnant women consecutively recruited at their first antenatal care visit. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data on health behaviours and psychological well-being in early pregnancy. ...
Kim Dong Woo DW 1Department of Food and Nutrition,Seoul National University,Gwanak-gu,Seoul,Republic of - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the reproducibility and validity of the newly developed FFQ for the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) and to estimate the measure's calibration factors. The 109-item FFQ was administered twice, approximately 9 months apart. We also collected four seasonal 3 d dietary records (DR) ...
Porras Simo P SP Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, Helsinki FI-00250, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bisphenol A (BPA) has one of the highest production volumes of all chemicals worldwide. It has been widely studied because of its endocrine modulating activity. In addition to dietary intake, absorption of BPA via the skin from handling thermal papers is believed to be a relevant route of exposure. We ...
Ariunbaatar Javkhlan J Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, University of Cassino and the Southern Lazio, Via Di Biasio, 43, 03043 Cassino, FR, Italy; UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Westvest 7, 2611 AX Delft, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Treatment of food waste by anaerobic digestion can lead to an energy production coupled to a reduction of the volume and greenhouse gas emissions from this waste type. According to EU Regulation EC1774/2002, food waste should be pasteurized/sterilized before or after anaerobic digestion. With respect to this regulation and also ...
Falbe Jennifer J From the Departments of Nutrition (JF and WCW), Epidemiology (JF, WCW, and AEF), and Social and Behavioral Sciences and Prevention Research Center (SLG), Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; the Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (BR, WCW, and AEF); and the Division of Adolescent Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA (AEF and - - 2014
Youth spend more time with screens than any activity except sleeping. Screen time is a risk factor for obesity, possibly because of the influence of food and beverage advertising on diet. We sought to assess longitudinal relations of screen time [ie, television, electronic games, digital versatile discs (DVDs)/videos, and total ...
Dechet Amy M AM 1 Medical Education, Portland Providence Medical Center , Portland, - - 2014
Abstract After a series of outbreaks associated with sprouts in the mid-1990s, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published guidelines in 1999 for sprouts producers to reduce the risk of contamination. The recommendations included treating seeds with an antimicrobial agent such as calcium hypochlorite solution and testing spent irrigation ...
Crichton Georgina E GE Nutritional Physiology Research Centre, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia; Centre de Recherche Public Santé, Centre d'Etudes en Santé, Strassen, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg. Electronic address: - - 2014
Because research focusing on dairy food consumption and the risk for obesity is inconsistent and only a few studies have even examined specific dairy products, in regard to type of food and fat content, in relation to obesity risk, this cross-sectional study investigated whether dairy food consumption is associated with ...
Vally Hassan H 1 School of Public Health and Human Biosciences, La Trobe University , Melbourne, Australia - - 2014
Abstract Background: Estimates of the burden of illness acquired from food inform public health policy and prioritize interventions. A key component of such estimates is the proportion of illnesses that are acquired by foodborne transmission. In view of the shortage of requisite data, these proportions are commonly obtained through a ...
Chagnot Caroline C INRA, UR454 Microbiologie, F-63122 Saint-Genès Champanelle, France; INRA, UR370 Qualité des Produits Animaux, F-63122 Saint-Genès Champanelle, - - 2014
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) are anthropozoonotic agents that range third among food-borne pathogens respective to their incidence and dangerousness in the European Union. EHEC are Shiga-toxin producing E. coli (STEC) responsible for foodborne poisoning mainly incriminated to the consumption of contaminated beef meat. Among the hundreds of STEC serotypes identified, ...
Sartorelli Daniela S DS Department of Social Medicine, Ribeirão Preto School of Medicine (FMRP), University of São Paulo (USP), 3900 Bandeirantes Ave, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil, 14049-900. Electronic address: - - 2014
This present study aimed to test the association between fried food intake estimated by a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), multiple 24-hour dietary recalls (24hRs), and the application of the multiple source method (MSM) in relation to gestational weight gain at the second and third trimesters and weight gain ratio ...
Niu Yumin Y Beijing Key Laboratory of Diagnostic and Traceability Technologies for Food Poisoning, Beijing Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100013, - - 2015
Concentrations of bisphenol A (BPA) and nonylphenol (NP) were measured in food samples from the 2007 Chinese total diet study (TDS). BPA and NP were detected in 72 and 143 of 144 TDS samples, respectively, with concentrations ranging from 20ng/kg to 267μg/kg and 30ng/kg to 1268μg/kg, respectively. BPA was highest ...
Esteban-Torres María M Laboratorio de Biotecnología Bacteriana, Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos y Nutrición (ICTAN), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) , Juan de la Cierva 3, 28006 Madrid, - - 2014
Lactobacillus plantarum is a lactic acid bacteria that can be found in numerous fermented foods. Esterases from L. plantarum exert a fundamental role in food aroma. In the present study, the gene lp_2631 encoding a putative esterase was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) and the overproduced Lp_2631 ...
Das Deeplina D Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati - 781 039, - - 2014
An α-D-glucan produced by Lactobacillus plantarum DM5 was explored for in vitro prebiotic activities. Glucan-DM5 demonstrated 21.6% solubility, 316.9% water holding capacity, 86.2% flocculation activity, 71.4% emulsification activity and a degradation temperature (Td) of 292.2°C. Glucan-DM5 exhibited lowest digestibility of 0.54% by artificial gastric juice, 0.21% by intestinal fluid and ...
Green Alice L AL 1 Food Safety and Inspection Service , U.S. Department of Agriculture, Minneapolis, - - 2014
Abstract We described characteristics of the Escherichia coli O157 and Escherichia coli non-O157 illness investigations conducted by the United States Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) during the 5-year period from 2006 through 2010. We created a multivariable logistic regression model to determine characteristics of these investigations ...
Nemser Sarah M SM 1 U.S. Food and Drug Administration , Center for Veterinary Medicine, Office of Research, Laurel, - - 2014
Abstract The Veterinary Laboratory Investigation and Response Network (Vet-LIRN), in collaboration with the Food Emergency Response Network (FERN) and its Microbiology Cooperative Agreement Program (MCAP) laboratories, conducted a study to evaluate the prevalence of selected microbial organisms in various types of pet foods. The goal of this blinded study was ...
Tschudin-Sutter Sarah S Division of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Food is an established source of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae. Hand hygiene and cooking prevent transmission, but hands could be recontaminated by touching used cutting boards. ESBL-producing Escherichia coli were identified on 12% of cutting boards and 50% of gloves after poultry preparation, pointing to an important source for transmission.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >