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Spronk Inge I Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The - - 2014
This study investigated the association between general nutrition knowledge and dietary quality in a convenience sample of athletes (≥ state level) recruited from four Australian State Sport Institutes. General nutrition knowledge was measured by the validated General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire and diet quality by an adapted version of the Australian ...
Abramsson-Zetterberg Lilianne L Department of science, The Swedish National Food Agency, Box 622, 751 26 Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
In a market basket study made at the National Food Agency in Sweden, in which the most common consumed foodstuffs are sampled, the content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) and PAH4 (B(a)P, chrysene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, and benz(a)anthracene) were analysed. To this data were added results on B(a)P and PAH4 ...
Reynolds Christian J CJ Centre for Industrial and Applied Mathematics and the Barbara Hardy Institute, University of South Australia, South Australia, Australia Integrated Sustainability Analysis, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia - - 2014
Food waste is a global problem. In Australia alone, it is estimated that households throw away AU$5.2 billion worth of food (AU$616 per household) each year. Developed countries have formal waste management systems that provide measures of food waste. However, much remains unknown about informal food waste disposal routes and ...
Nguyen Khanh-Hoang KH School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 790-784, Republic of - - 2014
This study assessed the level of 24 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in Korean foods following a Progressive Total Diet Study (TDS). The experiments comprised 96 types of dietetically representative foods, all were either cooked or edible raw. PBDEs were widely encountered in foodstuffs with the highest concentration in plant oils, ...
Jumars Peter A PA Ira C. Darling Marine Center, University of Maine, Walpole, ME 04573 and School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine, Orono, Maine 04469; email: - - 2014
Polychaetes are common in most marine habitats and dominate many infaunal communities. Functional guild classification based on taxonomic identity and morphology has linked community structure to ecological function. The functional guilds now include osmotrophic siboglinids as well as sipunculans, echiurans, and myzostomes, which molecular genetic analyses have placed within Annelida. ...
Walker Michael E - - 2014
Product energy intensity (PEI) metrics allow industry and policymakers to quantify manufacturing energy requirements on a product-output basis. However, complexities can arise for benchmarking of thermally concentrated products, particularly in the food processing industry, due to differences in outlet composition, feed material composition and processing technology. This study analyzes tomato ...
Vilone Giulia G a Expert Modelling and Statistics , Creme Global Ltd, The Tower, Trinity Technology and Enterprise Campus, Grand Canal Quay , Dublin 2 , - - 2014
Food consumption data are a key element of EFSA's risk assessment activities, forming the basis of dietary exposure assessment at the European level. In 2011, EFSA released the Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database, gathering consumption data from 34 national surveys representing 66,492 individuals from 22 European Union member states. Due ...
Stuyckens Kim K Janssen Research & Development, Turnhoutseweg 30, Beerse, B-2340, Belgium, - - 2014
Abiraterone acetate, an androgen biosynthesis inhibitor, prolongs survival in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) in the pre- and post-chemotherapy setting as demonstrated by the pivotal phase III studies COU-AA-301 and COU-AA-302. We performed population pharmacokinetic analyses to estimate pharmacokinetic parameters after oral administration of 1,000 mg/day of abiraterone acetate in ...
Elliott Sarah A SA Children's Nutrition Research Centre, Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute, The University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, Australia Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Southern Clinical School, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia - - 2014
Background: In a clinical setting, collecting information on dietary intake and physical activity is an essential component of nutrition assessment. Parent- or self-reported measures may be an acceptable method to ascertain important information on dietary habits and physical activity levels (PALs). This article aims to investigate whether parents can accurately ...
Heery Emily E 1School of Public Health,Physiotherapy and Population Science,Woodview House,University College Dublin,Belfield,Dublin 4,Republic of - - 2014
To examine the influence of health behaviours and psychological well-being on gestational weight gain using a biopsychosocial model. A prospective cohort study of pregnant women consecutively recruited at their first antenatal care visit. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data on health behaviours and psychological well-being in early pregnancy. ...
Kim Dong Woo DW 1Department of Food and Nutrition,Seoul National University,Gwanak-gu,Seoul,Republic of - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the reproducibility and validity of the newly developed FFQ for the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) and to estimate the measure's calibration factors. The 109-item FFQ was administered twice, approximately 9 months apart. We also collected four seasonal 3 d dietary records (DR) ...
Porras Simo P SP Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, Helsinki FI-00250, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bisphenol A (BPA) has one of the highest production volumes of all chemicals worldwide. It has been widely studied because of its endocrine modulating activity. In addition to dietary intake, absorption of BPA via the skin from handling thermal papers is believed to be a relevant route of exposure. We ...
Ariunbaatar Javkhlan J Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, University of Cassino and the Southern Lazio, Via Di Biasio, 43, 03043 Cassino, FR, Italy; UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Westvest 7, 2611 AX Delft, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Treatment of food waste by anaerobic digestion can lead to an energy production coupled to a reduction of the volume and greenhouse gas emissions from this waste type. According to EU Regulation EC1774/2002, food waste should be pasteurized/sterilized before or after anaerobic digestion. With respect to this regulation and also ...
Falbe Jennifer J From the Departments of Nutrition (JF and WCW), Epidemiology (JF, WCW, and AEF), and Social and Behavioral Sciences and Prevention Research Center (SLG), Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; the Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (BR, WCW, and AEF); and the Division of Adolescent Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA (AEF and - - 2014
Youth spend more time with screens than any activity except sleeping. Screen time is a risk factor for obesity, possibly because of the influence of food and beverage advertising on diet. We sought to assess longitudinal relations of screen time [ie, television, electronic games, digital versatile discs (DVDs)/videos, and total ...
Dechet Amy M AM 1 Medical Education, Portland Providence Medical Center , Portland, - - 2014
Abstract After a series of outbreaks associated with sprouts in the mid-1990s, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published guidelines in 1999 for sprouts producers to reduce the risk of contamination. The recommendations included treating seeds with an antimicrobial agent such as calcium hypochlorite solution and testing spent irrigation ...
Crichton Georgina E GE Nutritional Physiology Research Centre, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia; Centre de Recherche Public Santé, Centre d'Etudes en Santé, Strassen, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg. Electronic address: - - 2014
Because research focusing on dairy food consumption and the risk for obesity is inconsistent and only a few studies have even examined specific dairy products, in regard to type of food and fat content, in relation to obesity risk, this cross-sectional study investigated whether dairy food consumption is associated with ...
Vally Hassan H 1 School of Public Health and Human Biosciences, La Trobe University , Melbourne, Australia - - 2014
Abstract Background: Estimates of the burden of illness acquired from food inform public health policy and prioritize interventions. A key component of such estimates is the proportion of illnesses that are acquired by foodborne transmission. In view of the shortage of requisite data, these proportions are commonly obtained through a ...
Chagnot Caroline C INRA, UR454 Microbiologie, F-63122 Saint-Genès Champanelle, France; INRA, UR370 Qualité des Produits Animaux, F-63122 Saint-Genès Champanelle, - - 2014
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) are anthropozoonotic agents that range third among food-borne pathogens respective to their incidence and dangerousness in the European Union. EHEC are Shiga-toxin producing E. coli (STEC) responsible for foodborne poisoning mainly incriminated to the consumption of contaminated beef meat. Among the hundreds of STEC serotypes identified, ...
Sartorelli Daniela S DS Department of Social Medicine, Ribeirão Preto School of Medicine (FMRP), University of São Paulo (USP), 3900 Bandeirantes Ave, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil, 14049-900. Electronic address: - - 2014
This present study aimed to test the association between fried food intake estimated by a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), multiple 24-hour dietary recalls (24hRs), and the application of the multiple source method (MSM) in relation to gestational weight gain at the second and third trimesters and weight gain ratio ...
Niu Yumin Y Beijing Key Laboratory of Diagnostic and Traceability Technologies for Food Poisoning, Beijing Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100013, - - 2015
Concentrations of bisphenol A (BPA) and nonylphenol (NP) were measured in food samples from the 2007 Chinese total diet study (TDS). BPA and NP were detected in 72 and 143 of 144 TDS samples, respectively, with concentrations ranging from 20ng/kg to 267μg/kg and 30ng/kg to 1268μg/kg, respectively. BPA was highest ...
Esteban-Torres María M Laboratorio de Biotecnología Bacteriana, Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos y Nutrición (ICTAN), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) , Juan de la Cierva 3, 28006 Madrid, - - 2014
Lactobacillus plantarum is a lactic acid bacteria that can be found in numerous fermented foods. Esterases from L. plantarum exert a fundamental role in food aroma. In the present study, the gene lp_2631 encoding a putative esterase was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) and the overproduced Lp_2631 ...
Das Deeplina D Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati - 781 039, - - 2014
An α-D-glucan produced by Lactobacillus plantarum DM5 was explored for in vitro prebiotic activities. Glucan-DM5 demonstrated 21.6% solubility, 316.9% water holding capacity, 86.2% flocculation activity, 71.4% emulsification activity and a degradation temperature (Td) of 292.2°C. Glucan-DM5 exhibited lowest digestibility of 0.54% by artificial gastric juice, 0.21% by intestinal fluid and ...
Green Alice L AL 1 Food Safety and Inspection Service , U.S. Department of Agriculture, Minneapolis, - - 2014
Abstract We described characteristics of the Escherichia coli O157 and Escherichia coli non-O157 illness investigations conducted by the United States Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) during the 5-year period from 2006 through 2010. We created a multivariable logistic regression model to determine characteristics of these investigations ...
Nemser Sarah M SM 1 U.S. Food and Drug Administration , Center for Veterinary Medicine, Office of Research, Laurel, - - 2014
Abstract The Veterinary Laboratory Investigation and Response Network (Vet-LIRN), in collaboration with the Food Emergency Response Network (FERN) and its Microbiology Cooperative Agreement Program (MCAP) laboratories, conducted a study to evaluate the prevalence of selected microbial organisms in various types of pet foods. The goal of this blinded study was ...
Tschudin-Sutter Sarah S Division of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Food is an established source of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae. Hand hygiene and cooking prevent transmission, but hands could be recontaminated by touching used cutting boards. ESBL-producing Escherichia coli were identified on 12% of cutting boards and 50% of gloves after poultry preparation, pointing to an important source for transmission.
Tamburini Sabrina S Centre for Integrative Biology, University of Trento, - - 2014
Evaluation of flow cytometry coupled with viability markers to monitor the inactivation of Escherichia coli cells spiked on solid food following High Pressure Carbon Dioxide (HPCD), a mild processing technology. Flow cytometry (FCM) coupled with SYBR-Green I and Propidium Iodide was applied to monitor the effect of HPCD treatment on ...
Brandão Marcelo L L ML Laboratory of Products, Microbiology Dept, National Inst. of Quality Control in Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Av. Brasil, 4365, Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro - RJ, Brazil, CEP 21040 - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the microbiological contamination of lettuces commercialized in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in order to investigate detection of norovirus genogroup II (NoV GII), Salmonella spp., total and fecal coliforms, such as Escherichia coli. For NoV detection samples were processed using the adsorption-elution concentration method associated to ...
Luo Yangchao - - 2014
Low-cost emulsification technologies using food ingredients are critical to various applications. In the present study, a novel self-emulsification technique was studied to prepare clove bud oil (CBO) emulsions, without specialized equipment or organic solvents. CBO was first dissolved in hot alkaline solutions, added at 1% v/v into neutral solutions with ...
Mondani L L SPrAM, UMR 5819 CEA / CNRS / UJF-Grenoble 1, Institute for Nanosciences & Cryogeny, CEA-Grenoble, F-38054, Grenoble, - - 2014
Rapid detection of enterohemorrhagic E. coli O157:H7 in large range of stress conditions occurring in food processing. Detection of E. coli O157:H7 in various food processing stress conditions using Surface Plasmon Resonance imaging (SPRi) technique on an antibody microarray was evaluated. The direct detection method based on the Culture/Capture/Measure (CCM) ...
Sun Xiuxiu X Dept. of Nutrition and Food Science, Wayne State Univ, Detroit, MI 48202, - - 2014
Chitosan coating plus different essential oils was developed and applied to fresh blueberries in order to find more natural treatments to preserve fresh fruit quality and safety during postharvest storage. Studies were 1st performed in vitro where wild-type Escherichia coli and Penicillium digitatum were grown in suitable media, and then ...
Stewardson Andrew J AJ Infection Control Program, University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, - - 2014
Objective. Determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) contamination of food and colonization of food handlers in a hospital kitchen and compare retrieved ESBL-PE strains with patient isolates. Design. Cross-sectional study. Setting. A 2,200-bed tertiary care university hospital in Switzerland. Participants. Food handlers. Methods. Raw and prepared food samples were obtained from the ...
Sharma I I Department of Microbiology, Assam University, Silchar - 788 011, Assam, - - 2014
A total of 37 street vended food samples were examined for bacterial and the colony forming units counts ranged from 4.5 × 10 5 to 1.12 × 10 6 . The isolates were identified as Escherichia coli (37.5%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.57%), Staphylococcus aureus (14.20%), Salmonella sp. (5.36%), Klebsiella sp. (10.71%), ...
Ennouri Monia M 1 Higher Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology of Mahdia , Mahdia, Tunisia - - 2014
Abstract Opuntia ficus-indica f. inermis (cactus pear) flowers have wide application in folk medicine. However, there are few reports focusing on their biological activity and were no reports on their chemical composition. The nutrient composition and hexane extracts of Opuntia flowers at 4 flowering stages and their antibacterial and antifungal ...
Pielaat Annemarie A Centre for Zoonoses and Environmental Microbiology, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, P.O. Box 1, 3720 BA, Bilthoven, The Netherlands. - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the microbial hazard associated with the consumption of mixed salads produced under standard conditions. The presence of Salmonella, Campylobacter spp., and Escherichia coli O157 in the Dutch production chain of mixed salads was determined. Microbial prevalence and concentration data from a microbiological ...
Park Myoung-Su MS Department of Food Science and Biotechnology and Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Gangwon 200-701, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the microbial contamination levels (aerobic bacteria plate count [APC], coliforms, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Listeria monocytogenes) in mixed pressed ham and cooked sausage. A total of 180 samples were collected from factories with and without hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP) ...
Johnson N N Nestlé Research Centre, Nestec Ltd., Vers-Chez-Les-Blanc, 1000 Lausanne 26, - - 2014
The suitability of indirect impedance to accurately measure microbial growth in real food matrices was investigated. A variety of semi-solid and liquid food products were inoculated with Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Lactobacillus plantarum, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteriditis, Candida tropicalis or Zygosaccharomyces rouxii and CO2 production was ...
Lorenz Sandra C SC U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Division of Microbiology, College Park, MD 20740, USA; University of Hamburg, Hamburg School of Food Science, Institute of Food Chemistry, Grindelallee 117, 20146 Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previously published PCR-RFLP methods failed to detect the six genetically different Escherichia coli ehxA subtypes reliably. Here we describe an improved PCR-RFLP method that detects all ehxA subtypes. Importantly, ehxA-subtyping may contribute to the detection of potentially pathogenic STECs and can expedite initial screenings of patient samples and food enrichments.
Haenni Marisa M Unité Antibiorésistance et Virulence Bactériennes, ANSES Site de Lyon, 31 avenue Tony Garnier, 69364 Lyon, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food-producing animals have become a growing reservoir of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria. In cattle, veal calves are exposed to high amounts of antibiotics but ESBL prevalence data are still limited compared to other food sectors such as poultry production. Based on the investigation of 491 veal calves from different slaughtering ...
Guerra Beatriz B Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department of Biological Safety, Max-Dohrn Strasse 8-10, D-10589 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Worldwide, the emergence and global spread of microorganisms with acquired carbapenemases is of great concern. The reservoirs for such organisms are increasing, not only in hospitals, but also in the community and environment. A new and important development is the presence of such organisms in livestock, companion animals and wildlife. ...
Lingbeck Jody M JM Sea Star International LLC., 2138 East Revere Place, Fayetteville, AR 72701, - - 2014
The smoking of foods, especially meats, has been used as a preservation technique for centuries. Today, smoking methods often involve the use of wood smoke condensates, commonly known as liquid smoke. Liquid smoke is produced by condensing wood smoke created by the pyrolysis of sawdust or wood chips followed by ...
Liandris Emmanouil E Faculty of Animal Science and Aquaculture, Agricultural Univ. of Athens, 75 Iera Odos St., 11855, Athens, - - 2014
Foodborne illness is a major cause of morbidity and mortality especially for children, even in the developed world. The aim of this study was to assess the microbial safety of food of animal origin intended for consumption by children in Greece. Sampling involved 8 categories of retail products and was ...
Moon Shinje S Division of Epidemic Intelligence Service, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Osong, - - 2014
Food- and water-borne disease outbreaks (FBDOs) are an important public health problem worldwide. This study investigated the trends in FBDOs in Korea and established emerging causal pathogens and causal vehicles. We analyzed FBDOs in Korea by year, location, causal pathogens, and causal vehicles from 2007 to 2012. Information was collected ...
Smith James L JL USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
In the United States, it is estimated that non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) cause more illnesses than STEC O157:H7, and the majority of cases of non-O157 STEC infections are due to serogroups O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145, referred to as the top six non-O157 STEC. The diseases ...
Aydin Muhsin M Department of Molecular Biosciences, Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, Arkansas 72401, - - 2014
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a major foodborne pathogen that has posed serious problems for food safety and public health. Recent outbreaks and recalls associated with various foods contaminated by E. coli O157:H7 clearly indicate its deleterious effect on food safety. A rapid and sensitive detection assay is needed for this ...
Ritter Ana Carolina AC University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. - - 2014
Foodborne diseases are typically caused by the ingestion of food contaminated with micro-organisms or their toxins, resulting in gastrointestinal disorders and in some severe cases hospitalization and death. In Brazil, foodborne illnesses are caused mainly by Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. The most important contributing factors for outbreaks are ...
Iijima Yoshio Y Kobe Institute of - - 2014
Studies on outbreaks or incidences of infectious diseases and food poisonings are the starting points in research. Analyses of the outbreaks will provide the mechanism by which the illnesses occur and the establishment of countermeasure. We report here some sensational outbreaks which recently occurred in Japan: 1) enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli ...
Vital Pierangeli G PG Institute of Biology, College of Science, University of the Philippines, Diliman, 1101 Quezon City, Philippines ; Natural Sciences Research Institute, University of the Philippines, Diliman, 1101 Quezon City, - - 2014
This study is the first in the Philippines to conduct a comprehensive assessment of the prevalence of bacterial pathogens and somatic phages in retailed fresh produce used in salad preparation, namely, bell pepper, cabbage, carrot, lettuce, and tomato, using culture and molecular methods. Out of 300 samples from open air ...
Ohtsuka Kayoko K Saitama Prefectural Institute of Public - - 2014
Foodborne infections with enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) related to food in each step of the cooking of a Japanese barbecue have been reported in Japan. We examined the survival of EHEC during various types of cooking on a Japanese barbecue. The number of EHEC in barbecue sauce remained stable during ...
Wang Shaohui S 0000-0003-0170-3309 Shanghai Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai 200241, - - 2014
Objective. To elucidate the extent of food contamination by enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157 in Eastern China. Methods. A total of 1100 food and animal fecal samples were screened for EHEC O157. Then, molecular characterization of each isolate was determined. Results. EHEC O157 was isolated as follows: pig feces, 4% ...
Vondrakova Lucie L Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Faculty of Food and Biochemical Technology, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Technicka 5, Prague 166 28, Czech - - 2014
Thermotolerant Campylobacter jejuni, coli and lari are recognized as leading food-borne pathogens causing an acute bacterial enteritis worldwide. Due to narrow spectrum of their biochemical activity, it is very complicated to distinguish between individual species. For reliable risk assessment, proper incidence evaluation or swift sample analysis regarding individual species, a ...
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