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Lok Kris Y - - 2010
The objective of the present paper is to provide glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) values for a variety of foods that are commonly consumed in Hong Kong and expand on the international GI table of Chinese foods. Fasted healthy subjects were given 50 g of available carbohydrate servings ...
Vrolix Ruth - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Many studies on the health effects of the glycemic index (GI) are confounded by differences in the intakes of other macronutrients and fibre. Little data exist about the within- and between-subject variability of the GI. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were therefore (i) to calculate the GI of eight commonly used ...
Mohd Yusof Barakatun Nisak - - 2009
This study was carried out to determine the blood glucose response and glycaemic index (GI) values of four types of commercially available breads in Malaysia. Twelve healthy volunteers (six men, six women; body mass index, 21.9±1.6 kg/m(2); age, 22.9±1.7 years) participated in this study. The breads tested were multi-grains bread ...
Lightowler Helen J - - 2009
Potatoes generally have one of the highest glycemic index values of any food. Relatively small differences in the glycemic response (GR) of regularly consumed starch foods have shown beneficial effects on health. Lowering the GR of a potato-based meal has potentially wide-reaching health benefits. High-viscosity hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HV-HPMC) is a modified ...
Forbes Laura E - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to assess the dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of adolescents, based on a Web-based 24-h recall, and to investigate dietary predictors of GI and GL. In addition, the relationship between GI and GL and weight status was examined. A Web-based 24-h ...
Thondre Pariyarath S - - 2009
Food products incorporated with soluble dietary fiber beta-glucan have shown varying effects on postprandial glycemia. The objective of the present study was to test the hypothesis that a food product fortified with barley beta-glucan and subjected to minimum processing and mild cooking might be effective in lowering glycemic response. In ...
Giacco R - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The intake of wholemeal foods is consistently associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in epidemiological studies, although the mechanisms of this association are unclear. Here we aim to compare in healthy subjects the metabolic effects of a diet rich in wholemeal wheat ...
Niwano Yoshimi - - 2009
This review assesses the feasibility of using glycemic index (GI) as a predictor of appetite, hunger and satiety by surveying published human intervention studies. We also discuss the relationship between GI and two appetite/satiety control hormones, leptin and ghrelin. Ingestion of high-GI food increased hunger and lowered satiety in short-term ...
Wolever T M S - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Glycaemic responses are influenced by carbohydrate absorption rate, type of monosaccharide absorbed and the presence of fat; the effect of some of these factors may be modulated by metabolic differences between subjects. We hypothesized that glycaemic index (GI) values are affected by the metabolic differences between subjects for foods ...
Aldughpassi Ahmed - - 2009
Coffee and tea may influence glycaemic responses but it is not clear whether they affect the glycaemic index (GI) value of foods. Therefore, to see if coffee and tea affected the mean and SEM of GI values, the GI of fruit leather (FL) and cheese puffs (CP) were determined twice ...
Aziz Alfred - - 2009
The glycemic index (GI) is an experimental system that classifies carbohydrates (CHO) and CHO-containing foods according to their blood glucose-raising potential. It is based on the glycemic response following the ingestion of a test food containing a defined amount of available CHO relative to that of an equi-carbohydrate portion of ...
Moran Timothy H - - 2009
A role for the increased intake of dietary fructose in general and high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) in particular in the current obesity epidemic has been proposed. Consumed fructose and glucose have different rates of gastric emptying, are differentially absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, result in different endocrine profiles, and have ...
Wallace Alison J - - 2009
Measurements of blood glucose response to food are highly variable. We determined whether within-individual variability in data for blood glucose responses were reduced if individuals consumed a standard meal 2 hours before testing and investigated the effect of serving size. Blood glucose responses to muesli and macaroni cheese were determined ...
Gellar Lauren - - 2009
PURPOSE: This pilot study investigated the acceptability of whole grain and legume foods in youths with type 1 diabetes and determined demographic and behavioral factors associated with their acceptability. METHODS: Youths with type 1 diabetes (7.0 to 16.9 years) were recruited during a diabetes camp and completed self-report measures of ...
Trone R J - - 2009
The goal of this study was to determine if brain lesion volume was correlated with dietary glycemic index and glycemic load in elderly individuals. This cross-sectional study was performed at an academic medical center as part of a clinical study of late-life depression. Subjects (n=137) were age 60 or over, ...
Miller Carla K - - 2009
The glycemic index (GI) reflects the postprandial glucose response of carbohydrate-containing foods, and adoption of a lower-GI diet may be beneficial in diabetes management. The purpose of this study was to evaluate change in food-group intake by participants after completing an intervention that included instruction about carbohydrate and the GI ...
van Bakel Marit M E - - 2009
Associations between the glycemic index (GI) or glycemic load (GL) and diseases are heterogeneous in epidemiological studies. Differences in assigning GI values to food items may contribute to this inconsistency. Our objective was to address methodological issues related to the use of current GI and GL values in epidemiological studies. ...
Chechlacz M - - 2009
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesised that living with type 2 diabetes would enhance responses to pictures of foods in brain regions known to be involved in learnt food sensory motivation and that these stronger activations would relate to scores for dietary adherence in diabetes and to measures of potential difficulties in adherence. ...
Widanagamage Rahal D - - 2009
The glycaemic index (GI) ranks foods according to their acute glycaemic impact and is used in planning meals for patients invoking glycaemic control through diet. Kurakkan (Eleusine coracana) flour roti, rice flour roti, atta flour roti, boiled breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis/Artocarpus communis) and boiled legumes (mungbean, cowpea and chickpea) were categorized ...
Ranawana D V - - 2009
The glycaemic response to nine types of rice (white basmati, brown basmati, white and brown basmati, easy-cook basmati, basmati and wild rice, long-grain rice, easy-cook long-grain rice, Thai red rice, Thai glutinous rice) and two types of rice vermicelli (Guilin rice vermicelli, Jiangxi rice vermicelli) commercially available in the United ...
Bisceglia Bruno - - 2009
Wood packaging represents a pathway for the introduction and spread of pests. In March 2002, the Food and Agriculture Organization (F.A.O.) issued regulations describing globally approved phytosanitary measures that significantly reduce the risk provoked by most pests. The main purpose of this work is to describe the disinfesting system of ...
Hettiaratchi U P K - - 2009
The glycaemic index (GI) concept ranks individual foods and mixed meals according to the blood glucose response. Low-GI foods with a slow and prolonged glycaemic response are beneficial for diabetic people, and several advantages have been suggested also for non-diabetic individuals. The recent investigations imply an increasing prevalence of diabetes ...
Elbers Clara C - - 2009
There is a large variation in caloric intake and macronutrient preference between individuals and between ethnic groups, and these food intake patterns show a strong heritability. The transition to new food sources during the agriculture revolution around 11,000 years ago probably created selective pressure and shaped the genome of modern ...
Livesey Geoffrey - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The glycemic response to diet has been linked with noncommunicable diseases and is reduced by low-palatable, viscous, soluble fiber (1). Whether a palatable, low-viscous, soluble fiber such as resistant maltodextrin (RMD) has the same effect is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess evidence on the attenuation of the ...
Lancaster Kristie - - 2009
African and Latino Americans have higher rates of diabetes and its complications than White Americans. Identifying people with undiagnosed diabetes and helping them obtain care can help to prevent complications and mortality. To kick off a screening initiative, our community-academic partnership created the "Food for Life Festival," or "Festival Comida ...
Marsh Tamara L TL Department of Biology, Elmhurst College, Elmhurst, Illinois - - 2009
Most ethnic foods and cooking practices have incorporated the use of spices and other food additives. Many common spices have crossed cultural boundaries and appear in multiple ethnic cuisines. Recent studies have demonstrated that many of these ingredients possess antimicrobial properties against common food spoilage microorganisms. We developed a laboratory ...
Livesey Geoffrey - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The glycemic response to diet has been linked with noncommunicable diseases and is reduced by low-palatable, viscous, soluble fiber (1). Whether a palatable, low-viscous, soluble fiber such as resistant maltodextrin (RMD) has the same effect is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess evidence on the attenuation of the ...
Brand-Miller Jennie C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The glycemic index (GI) characterizes foods by using the incremental area under the glycemic response curve relative to a similar amount of oral glucose. Its ability to differentiate between curves of different shapes, the peak response, and other aspects of the glycemic response is debatable. OBJECTIVE: The objective was ...
Mendez Michelle A - - 2009
Studies on obesity and glycemic index (GI) or glycemic load (GL) have had inconsistent results, perhaps in part because of underreporting or to heterogeneous dietary patterns across food cultures. We examined associations between body mass index (BMI) and GI or GL in a Mediterranean population, accounting for underreporting. We also ...
White John S - - 2008
High-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is a fructose-glucose liquid sweetener alternative to sucrose (common table sugar) first introduced to the food and beverage industry in the 1970s. It is not meaningfully different in composition or metabolism from other fructose-glucose sweeteners like sucrose, honey, and fruit juice concentrates. HFCS was widely embraced ...
Fulgoni Victor V - - 2008
The annual American Society for Nutrition Public Information Committee symposium for 2007 titled "High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS): Everything You Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask" served as a platform to address the controversy surrounding HFCS. Speakers from academia and industry came together to provide up-to-date information on ...
Liese Angela D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Markers of hemostasis and inflammation such as plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and fibrinogen have been associated with risk of type 2 diabetes. We aimed to identify food intake patterns influencing this pathway and evaluate their association with incident diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study cohort ...
Pfeifer Heidi H - - 2008
Despite the substantial efficacy of the ketogenic diet (KD) in treating refractory epilepsy, use of the KD remains limited because of difficulties in implementation and tolerability. An effective alternative dietary approach is a low glycemic index treatment (LGIT), which liberalizes the extreme carbohydrate restriction of the KD but restricts the ...
Wallace Alison J - - 2008
The glycemic index ranks carbohydrates in foods on the basis of the blood glucose response they produce for a given amount of carbohydrate. The glycemic glucose equivalents (GGEs) is the blood glucose response to a defined portion of food. The purpose of this study was to determine the best method ...
Atkinson Fiona S - - 2008
To systematically tabulate published and unpublished sources of reliable glycemic index (GI) values. A literature search identified 205 articles published between 1981 and 2007. Unpublished data were also included where the data quality could be verified. The data were separated into two lists: the first representing more precise data derived ...
Hirai Chisato - - 2008
Adiponectin (Ad) is reported to reduce insulin resistance in metabolic syndrome. The relation between the polymorphism of Ad (t45 g), biochemical indices including Ad and insulin concentrations, and food intake was examined, since the g/g homozygotes are known to be diabetes-prone. Subjects were 45 women (68.87 +/- 7.74 years old) ...
Similä Minna E - - 2009
Interest in the dietary glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) as risk factors for chronic diseases has grown in recent years but findings have been controversial. We describe the compilation of the GI database for the cohort studies within the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention (ATBC) Study and the main ...
Chen Li-Wen - - 2008
We investigate the power losses in bent and elongated graded-index polymer optical fibers (GI POFs). The variations of power losses in deformed GI POFs for various radii of curvature and elongations are measured. A simple tensile test result is used to calculate the average plastic energy density (APED) in a ...
Allen Lindsay H - - 2008
This article summarizes the main conclusions drawn from a conference on the health effects of nut consumption and identifies priority areas for future research. Individuals with higher intakes of nuts generally have higher intakes of many beneficial dietary constituents. More information is needed on nut composition, the bioavailability of nutrients, ...
Cahansky Alejandra V - - 2008
The freshwater crab Aegla platensis was used as a model to induce ovarian growth by adding different neuroregulators to a pellet food formulation. Added compounds were the dopaminergic inhibitor spiperone or the enkephalinergic inhibitor naloxone, both of them at a dose of 10(-8) mol/animal. Animals were fed on the enriched ...
Thornley Simon - - 2008
High body mass index (BMI) is an important cause of a range of diseases and is estimated to be the seventh leading cause of death globally. In this paper we discuss evidence that food consumption shows similarities to features of other addictive behaviours, such as automaticity and loss of control. ...
Freeland Kristin R - - 2009
The aim of this research was to describe the effect of equal weights of insoluble fibre (wheat bran) and glycaemic carbohydrate (glucose) on appetite and food intake over 1 and 2h in healthy men. In a crossover design, high-fibre (F; 41 g insoluble fibre) cereal, low-fibre (W; 1g fibre) cereal, ...
Wallace Alison J - - 2008
Glycemic glucose equivalent (GGE) is a measure of the blood glucose response to a defined portion of food. Their calculation requires the measurement of a standard glucose-response curve, with beverages containing 0, 12.5, 25, 50, and 75 g of glucose measured twice each. This study was designed to determine the ...
Sánchez Francisco - - 2008
Food resources are complementary for a forager if their contribution to fitness is higher when consumed together than when consumed independently, e.g. ingesting one may reduce the toxic effects of another. The concentration of potentially toxic ethanol, [EtOH], in fleshy fruit increases during ripening and affects food choices by Egyptian ...
Lassen Kristoffer - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this trial was to investigate whether a routine of allowing normal food at will increases morbidity after major upper gastrointestinal (GI) surgery. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Nil-by-mouth with enteral tube feeding is widely practiced for several days after major upper GI surgery. After other abdominal operations, normal ...
Saheki T - - 2008
Citrin is the liver-type aspartate-glutamate carrier that resides within the inner mitochondrial membrane. Citrin deficiency (due to homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the gene SLC25A13) causes both adult-onset type II citrullinaemia (CTLN2) and neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis (NICCD). Clinically, CTLN2 is characterized by hyperammonaemia and citrullinaemia, whereas NICCD has a ...
Marangoni Franca - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Low glycemic index (GI) foods are associated with improved prevention and control of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases (e.g. diabetes and myocardial infarction), even if the impact of their consumption within mixed meals is difficult to predict. Since the availability of wheat based products maintaining taste and texture ...
Eny Karen M - - 2008
Glucose sensing in the brain has been proposed to be involved in regulating food intake, but the mechanism is not known. Glucose transporter type 2 (GLUT2)-null mice fail to control their food intake in response to glucose, suggesting a potential role for this transporter as a glucose sensor in the ...
Spring Bonnie - - 2008
The long-rejected construct of food addiction is undergoing re-examination. To evaluate whether a novel carbohydrate food shows abuse potential for rigorously defined carbohydrate cravers, as evidenced by selective self-administration and mood enhancement during double-blind discrimination testing. Discrete trials choice testing was performed with 61 overweight (BMI m = 27.64, SD ...
Moore Latetia V - - 2008
Measuring features of the local food environment has been a major challenge in studying the effect of the environment on diet. This study examined associations between alternate ways of characterizing the local food environment by comparing Geographic Information System (GIS)-derived densities of various types of stores to perception-based measures of ...
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