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Auñon-Calles David - - 2013
Hydroxytyrosol (HT) is an olive-derived phenol endowed with several biological activities, some of which demonstrated in humans. Indeed, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) allows the health claim that HT (≥5mg/d) "protects LDL particles from oxidative damage". In terms of safety, HT has been investigated as the predominant part of ...
Wang Fei - - 2013
Abstract Non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (non-O157 STEC) strains are increasingly recognized as important foodborne pathogens worldwide. Together with E. coli O157:H7, six additional STEC serogroups (O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145) are now regulated as adulterants in certain raw beef products in the United States. However, effective detection ...
Szabo Nancy J - - 2013
Microalgae such as Chlorella spp., were once consumed as traditional human foods; now they are being developed as ingredients for modern diets. Whole Algalin Protein (WAP) from dried milled Chlorella protothecoides was evaluated for dietary safety in a 13-week feeding trial in rodents with genotoxic potential evaluated using in vitro ...
Studer Patrick P Research Station Agroscope Changins-Wädenswil, Wädenswil, - - 2013
Sprouts contaminated with human pathogens are able to cause food-borne diseases due to the favorable growth conditions for bacteria during germination and because of minimal processing steps prior to consumption. We have investigated the potential of hot humid air, i.e., aerated steam, to treat alfalfa and mung bean seeds which ...
Duarte Carlos - - 2013
According to estimates issued by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, one out of six Americans will get sick during this year due to consumption of contaminated products and there will be 50,000 related hospitalizations. To control and treat the responsible foodborne diseases, rapid and accurate detection of pathogens ...
Manguiat Lydia S - - 2013
The microbiological quality of chicken- and pork-based street-food samples from Taichung, Taiwan's night markets (50) and Laguna, Philippines' public places (69) was evaluated in comparison to a microbiological guideline for ready-to-eat foods. Different bacterial contamination patterns were observed between 'hot-grilled' and 'cold cooked/fried' food types from the two sampling locations ...
Bito Tomohiro - - 2013
When lettuces ( Lactuca sativa L.) grown for 30 days in hydroponic culture were treated with various concentrations of cyanocobalamin for 24 h, its content in their leaves increased significantly from nondetectable to 164.6 ± 74.7 ng/g fresh weight. This finding indicated that consumption of only two or three of ...
Comery Raven R McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2013
This study identified and characterized enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) in the Canadian food supply. Eighteen of 450 E. coli isolates from food animal sources were identified as atypical EPEC (aEPEC). Several of the aEPEC isolates identified in this study possessed multiple virulence genes, exhibited adherence and attaching and effacing (A/E) ...
Diercke M - - 2013
SUMMARY We investigated a cluster of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O104:H4 infections after a family party during a large STEC O104:H4 outbreak in Germany. To identify the vehicle we conducted a retrospective cohort study. Stool samples of party guests, and food and environmental samples from the catering company were ...
Kotzekidou Parthena - - 2013
Real-time PCR (RTiPCR) assays including enrichment stage were evaluated for the rapid detection of Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli O157:H7 in raw ingredients and ready-to-eat products using molecular beacon probes available as commercial kits (WARNEX Genevision, Canada & AES Chemunex detection system, France). The accuracy of the assays ...
Hegde Narasimha V - - 2013
An antibody microarray was developed to detect the "top six" non-O157 serogroups, O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145 of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), that have been declared as adulterant in meat by the Food Safety and Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture. The sensitivity of ...
Klein G - - 2013
The antimicrobial activity of six essential oil components against the potential food spoilage bacteria Aeromonas (A.) hydrophila, Escherichia (E.) coli, Brochothrix (B.) thermosphacta, and Pseudomonas (P.) fragi at single use and in combination with each other was investigated. At single use, the most effective oil components were thymol (bacteriostatic effect ...
Cho Il-Hoon - - 2013
Food poisoning microorganisms that contaminate food products and compromise food safety and security have been considered a major health threat and a serious concern for food producers and processors. Developing sensor technologies that are rapid for sensitive and selective detection and quantification of pathogens is a high priority for scientists ...
Brüssow Harald - - 2013
Food and nutrition have played a crucial role in biological evolution. Lactation in mammals was one key invention. A central role in milk is played by lactose, otherwise an exotic sugar in nature. Lactose digestion needs the induction of specialized gut enzymes. This enzyme is shut off in a precisely ...
Verstraete K - - 2013
SUMMARY In this study, we characterized 272 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) isolates from humans, food, and cattle in Belgium [O157 (n = 205), O26 (n = 31), O103 (n = 15), O111 (n = 10), O145 (n = 11)] for their virulence profile, whole genome variations and relationships on different genetic levels. Isolates of O157 displayed a wide variation ...
Ilhak Osman ─░rfan - - 2013
The objective of the present study was to obtain data about cooking time and temperature of kiymali pide in the restaurants and to investigate thermal inactivation of E. coli O157:H7 during experimental kiymali pide making. A field study was conducted in randomly selected 23 of 87 pide restaurants. Processing parameters ...
Hauser Elisabeth - - 2013
Seventy-five food-associated Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) were analyzed by molecular and phylogenetic methods to describe their pathogenic potential. The presence of the locus of proteolysis (LPA), the chromosomal island PAI I(CL3), and the autotransporter encoding gene sabA, were examined by PCR. Furthermore, the occupation of the chromosomal integration sites ...
Joung Cho-Kyung - - 2013
We introduce a nanoporous membrane based impedimetric immunosensor for the label-free detection of bacterial pathogens in whole milk. A simple and rapid method to modify a commercially available alumina nanoporous membrane with hyaluronic acid (HA) effectively reduced the non-specific binding of biomolecules and other cells, and permitted successful immobilization of ...
Yang Youjun - - 2013
We developed a rapid and reliable technique for simultaneous detection of Salmonella Typhimurium, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes that can be used in food products. Magnetic nano-beads (MNBs) based immunomagnetic separation (IMS) was used to separate the target bacterial cells while multiplex PCR (mPCR) was used to amplify the ...
Friedman Mendel - - 2013
  We evaluated the relative bactericidal activities (BA(50) ) of 10 presumed health-promoting food-based powders (nutraceuticals) and, for comparison, selected known components against the following foodborne pathogens: Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella enterica, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus. The relative activities were evaluated using quantitative bactericidal activity [(BA(50) value, defined as ...
Chekabab Samuel Mohammed - - 2013
Since its first description in 1982, the zoonotic life-threatening Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 has emerged as an important food- and water-borne pathogen that causes diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis, and hemolytic-uremic syndrome in humans. In the last decade, increases in E. coli O157:H7 outbreaks were associated with environmental contamination in water ...
Kaswurm Vanja - - 2013
2,5-diketo-D-gluconic acid reductase (2,5-DKG reductase) catalyses the reduction of 2,5-diketo-D-gluconic acid (2,5-DKG) to 2-keto-L-gulonic acid (2-KLG), a direct precursor (lactone) of L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C). This reaction is an essential step in the biocatalytic production of the food supplement vitamin C from D-glucose or D-gluconic acid. As 2,5-DKG reductase is ...
Kozak G K - - 2013
Foodborne disease outbreaks associated with fresh fruits and vegetables have been increasing in occurrence worldwide. Canada has one of the highest per capita consumption rates of fresh fruits and vegetables in the world. In this article, we review the foodborne disease outbreaks linked to produce consumption in Canada from 2001 ...
Osimani Andrea - - 2013
Food safety is essential in mass catering. In Europe, Regulation (EC) No. 852/2004 requires food business operators to put in place, implement and maintain permanent procedures based on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) principles. Each HACCP plan is specifically implemented for the processing plant and processing methods and ...
Cheng Luisa W - - 2013
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) food contaminations pose serious health concerns, and have been the subject of massive food recalls. STEC has been identified as the major cause of the life-threatening complication of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). Besides supportive care, there currently are no therapeutics available. The use of antibiotics ...
Iyer Archana - - 2013
Food-borne pathogens are the leading cause of illness and death in developing countries, killing approximately 1.8 million people annually. In developed countries, food-borne pathogens are responsible for millions of cases of infectious gastrointestinal diseases each year, costing billions of dollars. The objective of this study was to screen for two ...
Harada Tetsuya - - 2013
We describe our laboratory investigation of a massive foodborne outbreak of gastrointestinal illness caused by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) serotype O169:H41 that occurred during a 2-day traditional festival held in September 2012 in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. Of 126 customers who patronized a particular Japanese restaurant during the event, 102 developed ...
Hayashi Masahiro M Division of Anaerobe Research, Life Science Research Center, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1194, Japan ; Department of Microbiology, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1194, - - 2013
A quick foodborne pathogen screening method after six-hour enrichment culture with a broad-range food pathogen enrichment broth is described. Pathogenic factors of Salmonella enterica, Shigella spp., enteroinvasive Escherichia coli, and enterohemorrhagic E. coli are amplified with a cocktail primer and rapid polymerase chain reaction (PCR), which finishes amplification in 30 min. ...
Weiser Armin A - - 2012
Abstract The Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O104:H4 outbreak in Germany in 2011 required the development of appropriate tools in real-time for tracing suspicious foods along the supply chain, namely salad ingredients, sprouts, and seeds. Food commodities consumed at locations identified as most probable site of infection (outbreak clusters) were traced ...
Li Mengqiu - - 2012
Accurately measuring carbon flows is a challenge for understanding processes such as diverse intracellular metabolic pathways and foodwebs in ecosystem. Combined with stable isotope probing (SIP), single-cell Raman spectroscopy was demonstrated for the first time to link the food chain from carbon substrate to bacterial prey up to predators at ...
Liebana Ernesto - - 2012
bla(ESBL) and bla(AmpC) in Enterobacteriaceae are spread by plasmid-mediated integrons, insertion sequences and transposons, some of which are homologous in bacteria from food-animals, foods and humans. These genes have been frequently identified in Escherichia coli and Salmonella from food-animals; the most common genes being bla(CTX-M-1), bla(CTX-M-14), and bla(CMY-2).Identification of risk ...
Lee Jae-Ick - - 2012
Biogenic amines (BAs) that are produced through naturally occurring decarboxylation of amino acids have toxicological effects on humans. Bacterial amine oxidases are useful tools for the rapid quantification of BAs in foods. To develop amine oxidases for the rapid detection of BAs, the genes for amine oxidases from Arthobacter aurescens ...
Matulkova P - - 2012
SUMMARY In August 2011, we investigated an outbreak of Escherichia coli O157 in Plymouth, England, utilizing a case-control study and food traceback. Nine cases, eight laboratory-confirmed with E. coli O157 phage type 21/28 verocytotoxin 2 and one epidemiologically linked, had onsets from 30 July 2011 to 15 August 2011. We ...
Hara-Kudo Y - - 2012
The National Food Surveillance System in Japan was formed in 1998 to monitor the contamination of retail foods with bacterial pathogens. Approximately 2000-3000 samples were tested annually, and the data from food categories that had more than 400 samples collected during 1998-2008 were analysed. With regard to meat, the frequency ...
Meldrum R J - - 2012
The Welsh Food Microbiological Forum "shopping basket" survey is a long running, structured surveillance program examining ready-to-eat food randomly sampled from the point of sale or service in Wales, United Kingdom. The annual unsatisfactory rates for selected indicators and pathogens for 1998 through 2008 were examined. All the annual unsatisfactory ...
Shah Bhavini - - 2012
There has been great interest in intervention strategies based on plant essential oils to control pathogens such as Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes (Lm). However, the poor solubility of essential oils in water makes it difficult to disperse evenly in food matrices, impacting food quality and antimicrobial efficacy. In ...
Lau Henry K - - 2012
Two automated platforms using immunomagnetic separation technology were compared for detecting and recovering Escherichia coli O157 in ground beef and sprouts and Shigella flexneri in green onions. The foods were inoculated with <20 CFU/25 g and tested at 5 and 24 h postincubation. Immunomagnetic beads were mixed with food enrichments, ...
Wu Shuping - - 2013
In this study, a ternary complex based on natural polysaccharides was explored as a novel food preservative. Chitooligomer was obtained by enzyme hydrolysis of chitosan with immobilised neutral protease, and the degree of polymerisation (DP) was mainly from 2 to 5. Chitooligomer-zinc complex (CGZC) was first produced and then co-heated ...
Schlisselberg Dov B - - 2013
The consumer demand for fresh tasting, high quality, low salt, preservative-free meals which require minimal preparation time magnifies the safety concern and emphasizes the need to use innovative technologies for food processing. A modern technique to uniformly heat and cook foods is based on a combination of convection and controlled ...
Kamleh Rabih - - 2012
Microbial food safety remains a major economic and public health concern in Arab countries. Over the past several years, many of these countries have attempted to revise and upgrade food quality control and surveillance programs; however, these systems vary in scope and effectiveness. This review addresses the major reported foodborne ...
Reaves Erik J - - 2012
In July 2012, the U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 6 investigated an outbreak of gastrointestinal illness characterized by diarrhea among U.S. service members participating in Operation New Horizons in Pisco, Peru. Overall, there were 25 cases of self-reported diarrheal illness among 101 respondents to a questionnaire (attack rate: 24.8%). ...
Mameri Hamza - - 2012
SCOPE: Several wheat proteins are responsible for food and respiratory allergies. Due to their large polymorphism, the allergenic potential of a number of them has not yet been precisely established. The aim of this work was to perform a thorough assessment of serpin (Tri a 33) allergenicity. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Mancini Roberto - - 2012
Folklorama in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, is a 14-day temporary food service event that explores the many different cultural realms of food, food preparation, and entertainment. In 2010, the Russian pavilion at Folklorama was implicated in a foodborne outbreak of Escherichia coli O157 that caused 37 illnesses and 18 hospitalizations. The ...
McCollum J T - - 2012
In 2010, 41 patients ill with Escherichia coli O157:H7 isolates determined to be indistinguishable by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis were identified among residents of five Southwestern U.S. states. A majority of patients reported consuming complimentary samples of aged raw-milk Gouda cheese at national warehouse chain store locations; sampling Gouda cheese was ...
Ohk Seung-Ho - - 2013
Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica are the most common foodborne bacterial pathogens and are responsible for many outbreaks. Therefore, multiplex detection of these three using a single assay platform is highly desirable. The objective was to develop and optimize a fiber optic sensor for simultaneous detection of ...
Wang Yixian - - 2013
A novel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor using lectin as bioreceptor was developed for the rapid detection of Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7. The selective interaction of lectins with carbohydrate components from bacterial cells surface was used as the recognition principle for the detection. Five types of lectins from Triticum ...
Shah Bhavini - - 2012
Essential oils are marginally soluble in water, making it challenging to evenly disperse them in foods and resulting in an increased tendency to bind with food lipids and proteins, resulting in lowered antimicrobial efficacy. In the current study, free and nano-dispersed (ND) thymol were compared in terms of their antimicrobial ...
Kim Seong Yeong SY Nutrition Education, Graduate School of Education, Kyonggi University, Gyeonggi 443-760, - - 2012
Trifoliate orange seed extracts (TSEs) were prepared from different solvents, water (TW), ethanol (TE), and n-hexane (TH), and assessed for their antimicrobial activities against six gram-negative food-borne pathogens (Escherichia coli KCTC 1039, Escherichia coli O157:H7 ATCC 43895, Salmonella Enteritidis ATCC 3311, Salmonella Typhimurium KCCM 11862, Shigella sonnei KCTC 2518, and ...
Tseng Angela - - 2012
  The effects of different drying methods (40 °C conventional and vacuum oven, 25 °C ambient air and freeze dry) on the stability of two red wine grape (Pinot Noir, PN and Merlot, M) byproducts, pomace containing skins and seeds (P) and pomace containing skins only (S) were investigated. Freeze ...
Trotz-Williams Lise A - - 2012
To describe an outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 infection following a four-day family gathering in Ontario. This is the first published account of a STEC O157 outbreak in Canada linked to consumption of pork. The outbreak investigation included interviews with food handlers and other key associated persons, ...
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