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Tamburini Sabrina S Centre for Integrative Biology, University of Trento, - - 2014
Evaluation of flow cytometry coupled with viability markers to monitor the inactivation of Escherichia coli cells spiked on solid food following High Pressure Carbon Dioxide (HPCD), a mild processing technology. Flow cytometry (FCM) coupled with SYBR-Green I and Propidium Iodide was applied to monitor the effect of HPCD treatment on ...
Brandão Marcelo L L ML Laboratory of Products, Microbiology Dept, National Inst. of Quality Control in Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Av. Brasil, 4365, Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro - RJ, Brazil, CEP 21040 - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the microbiological contamination of lettuces commercialized in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in order to investigate detection of norovirus genogroup II (NoV GII), Salmonella spp., total and fecal coliforms, such as Escherichia coli. For NoV detection samples were processed using the adsorption-elution concentration method associated to ...
Luo Yangchao - - 2014
Low-cost emulsification technologies using food ingredients are critical to various applications. In the present study, a novel self-emulsification technique was studied to prepare clove bud oil (CBO) emulsions, without specialized equipment or organic solvents. CBO was first dissolved in hot alkaline solutions, added at 1% v/v into neutral solutions with ...
Mondani L L SPrAM, UMR 5819 CEA / CNRS / UJF-Grenoble 1, Institute for Nanosciences & Cryogeny, CEA-Grenoble, F-38054, Grenoble, - - 2014
Rapid detection of enterohemorrhagic E. coli O157:H7 in large range of stress conditions occurring in food processing. Detection of E. coli O157:H7 in various food processing stress conditions using Surface Plasmon Resonance imaging (SPRi) technique on an antibody microarray was evaluated. The direct detection method based on the Culture/Capture/Measure (CCM) ...
Sun Xiuxiu X Dept. of Nutrition and Food Science, Wayne State Univ, Detroit, MI 48202, - - 2014
Chitosan coating plus different essential oils was developed and applied to fresh blueberries in order to find more natural treatments to preserve fresh fruit quality and safety during postharvest storage. Studies were 1st performed in vitro where wild-type Escherichia coli and Penicillium digitatum were grown in suitable media, and then ...
Stewardson Andrew J AJ Infection Control Program, University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, - - 2014
Objective. Determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) contamination of food and colonization of food handlers in a hospital kitchen and compare retrieved ESBL-PE strains with patient isolates. Design. Cross-sectional study. Setting. A 2,200-bed tertiary care university hospital in Switzerland. Participants. Food handlers. Methods. Raw and prepared food samples were obtained from the ...
Sharma I I Department of Microbiology, Assam University, Silchar - 788 011, Assam, - - 2014
A total of 37 street vended food samples were examined for bacterial and the colony forming units counts ranged from 4.5 × 10 5 to 1.12 × 10 6 . The isolates were identified as Escherichia coli (37.5%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.57%), Staphylococcus aureus (14.20%), Salmonella sp. (5.36%), Klebsiella sp. (10.71%), ...
Ennouri Monia M 1 Higher Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology of Mahdia , Mahdia, Tunisia - - 2014
Abstract Opuntia ficus-indica f. inermis (cactus pear) flowers have wide application in folk medicine. However, there are few reports focusing on their biological activity and were no reports on their chemical composition. The nutrient composition and hexane extracts of Opuntia flowers at 4 flowering stages and their antibacterial and antifungal ...
Pielaat Annemarie A Centre for Zoonoses and Environmental Microbiology, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, P.O. Box 1, 3720 BA, Bilthoven, The Netherlands. - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the microbial hazard associated with the consumption of mixed salads produced under standard conditions. The presence of Salmonella, Campylobacter spp., and Escherichia coli O157 in the Dutch production chain of mixed salads was determined. Microbial prevalence and concentration data from a microbiological ...
Park Myoung-Su MS Department of Food Science and Biotechnology and Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Gangwon 200-701, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the microbial contamination levels (aerobic bacteria plate count [APC], coliforms, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Listeria monocytogenes) in mixed pressed ham and cooked sausage. A total of 180 samples were collected from factories with and without hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP) ...
Johnson N N Nestlé Research Centre, Nestec Ltd., Vers-Chez-Les-Blanc, 1000 Lausanne 26, - - 2014
The suitability of indirect impedance to accurately measure microbial growth in real food matrices was investigated. A variety of semi-solid and liquid food products were inoculated with Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Lactobacillus plantarum, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteriditis, Candida tropicalis or Zygosaccharomyces rouxii and CO2 production was ...
Lorenz Sandra C SC U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Division of Microbiology, College Park, MD 20740, USA; University of Hamburg, Hamburg School of Food Science, Institute of Food Chemistry, Grindelallee 117, 20146 Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previously published PCR-RFLP methods failed to detect the six genetically different Escherichia coli ehxA subtypes reliably. Here we describe an improved PCR-RFLP method that detects all ehxA subtypes. Importantly, ehxA-subtyping may contribute to the detection of potentially pathogenic STECs and can expedite initial screenings of patient samples and food enrichments.
Haenni Marisa M Unité Antibiorésistance et Virulence Bactériennes, ANSES Site de Lyon, 31 avenue Tony Garnier, 69364 Lyon, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food-producing animals have become a growing reservoir of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria. In cattle, veal calves are exposed to high amounts of antibiotics but ESBL prevalence data are still limited compared to other food sectors such as poultry production. Based on the investigation of 491 veal calves from different slaughtering ...
Guerra Beatriz B Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department of Biological Safety, Max-Dohrn Strasse 8-10, D-10589 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Worldwide, the emergence and global spread of microorganisms with acquired carbapenemases is of great concern. The reservoirs for such organisms are increasing, not only in hospitals, but also in the community and environment. A new and important development is the presence of such organisms in livestock, companion animals and wildlife. ...
Lingbeck Jody M JM Sea Star International LLC., 2138 East Revere Place, Fayetteville, AR 72701, - - 2014
The smoking of foods, especially meats, has been used as a preservation technique for centuries. Today, smoking methods often involve the use of wood smoke condensates, commonly known as liquid smoke. Liquid smoke is produced by condensing wood smoke created by the pyrolysis of sawdust or wood chips followed by ...
Liandris Emmanouil E Faculty of Animal Science and Aquaculture, Agricultural Univ. of Athens, 75 Iera Odos St., 11855, Athens, - - 2014
Foodborne illness is a major cause of morbidity and mortality especially for children, even in the developed world. The aim of this study was to assess the microbial safety of food of animal origin intended for consumption by children in Greece. Sampling involved 8 categories of retail products and was ...
Moon Shinje S Division of Epidemic Intelligence Service, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Osong, - - 2014
Food- and water-borne disease outbreaks (FBDOs) are an important public health problem worldwide. This study investigated the trends in FBDOs in Korea and established emerging causal pathogens and causal vehicles. We analyzed FBDOs in Korea by year, location, causal pathogens, and causal vehicles from 2007 to 2012. Information was collected ...
Smith James L JL USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
In the United States, it is estimated that non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) cause more illnesses than STEC O157:H7, and the majority of cases of non-O157 STEC infections are due to serogroups O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145, referred to as the top six non-O157 STEC. The diseases ...
Aydin Muhsin M Department of Molecular Biosciences, Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, Arkansas 72401, - - 2014
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a major foodborne pathogen that has posed serious problems for food safety and public health. Recent outbreaks and recalls associated with various foods contaminated by E. coli O157:H7 clearly indicate its deleterious effect on food safety. A rapid and sensitive detection assay is needed for this ...
Ritter Ana Carolina AC University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. - - 2014
Foodborne diseases are typically caused by the ingestion of food contaminated with micro-organisms or their toxins, resulting in gastrointestinal disorders and in some severe cases hospitalization and death. In Brazil, foodborne illnesses are caused mainly by Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. The most important contributing factors for outbreaks are ...
Iijima Yoshio Y Kobe Institute of - - 2014
Studies on outbreaks or incidences of infectious diseases and food poisonings are the starting points in research. Analyses of the outbreaks will provide the mechanism by which the illnesses occur and the establishment of countermeasure. We report here some sensational outbreaks which recently occurred in Japan: 1) enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli ...
Vital Pierangeli G PG Institute of Biology, College of Science, University of the Philippines, Diliman, 1101 Quezon City, Philippines ; Natural Sciences Research Institute, University of the Philippines, Diliman, 1101 Quezon City, - - 2014
This study is the first in the Philippines to conduct a comprehensive assessment of the prevalence of bacterial pathogens and somatic phages in retailed fresh produce used in salad preparation, namely, bell pepper, cabbage, carrot, lettuce, and tomato, using culture and molecular methods. Out of 300 samples from open air ...
Ohtsuka Kayoko K Saitama Prefectural Institute of Public - - 2014
Foodborne infections with enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) related to food in each step of the cooking of a Japanese barbecue have been reported in Japan. We examined the survival of EHEC during various types of cooking on a Japanese barbecue. The number of EHEC in barbecue sauce remained stable during ...
Wang Shaohui S 0000-0003-0170-3309 Shanghai Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai 200241, - - 2014
Objective. To elucidate the extent of food contamination by enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157 in Eastern China. Methods. A total of 1100 food and animal fecal samples were screened for EHEC O157. Then, molecular characterization of each isolate was determined. Results. EHEC O157 was isolated as follows: pig feces, 4% ...
Vondrakova Lucie L Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Faculty of Food and Biochemical Technology, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Technicka 5, Prague 166 28, Czech - - 2014
Thermotolerant Campylobacter jejuni, coli and lari are recognized as leading food-borne pathogens causing an acute bacterial enteritis worldwide. Due to narrow spectrum of their biochemical activity, it is very complicated to distinguish between individual species. For reliable risk assessment, proper incidence evaluation or swift sample analysis regarding individual species, a ...
Dunford Elizabeth E http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4505-3256 The George Institute for Global Health, Food Policy Division, Camperdown, Australia. - - 2014
Front-of-pack nutrition labeling (FoPL) schemes can help consumers understand the nutritional content of foods and may aid healthier food choices. However, most packaged foods in Australia carry no easily interpretable FoPL, and no standard FoPL system has yet been mandated. About two thirds of Australians now own a smartphone. We ...
Movahhed Taraneh T Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases Research Center, Department of Community Oral Health, School of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
Today, electronic mass media such as television (TV), influence behavioral patterns of their audiences. This study aimed to evaluate what messages on food advertisements related to oral health were transmitted (appeals) and how they were transferred (performance methods & artistic techniques) in Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB). In this ...
Oguri Tomoko T Department of Environmental Studies, University of - - 2014
The objective was to estimate the inorganic arsenic (iAs) intake of the general Japanese adult population by a probabilistic approach. Bioaccessible iAs concentrations in rice (n=56) and hijiki (n=32), the two food items that are the major iAs sources for the Japanese, were measured by liquid chromatography-ICP mass spectrometry. The ...
Meyer Rosan R Gastroenterology Department, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
The cornerstone for management of Food protein-induced gastrointestinal allergy (FPGIA) is dietary exclusion; however the micronutrient intake of this population has been poorly studied. We set out to determine the dietary intake of children on an elimination diet for this food allergy and hypothesised that the type of elimination diet ...
Picoche Coralie C Laboratoire Environnement Ressources de Normandie, IFREMER, Port en Bessin, - - 2014
The blue mussel, Mytilus edulis, is a commercially important species, with production based on both fisheries and aquaculture. Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) models have been extensively applied to study its energetics but such applications require a deep understanding of its nutrition, from filtration to assimilation. Being filter feeders, mussels show ...
Gularte-Mérida Rodrigo R Department of Animal Science, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of - - 2014
The specific genes regulating the quantitative variation in macronutrient preference and food intake are virtually unknown. We fine mapped a previously identified mouse chromosome 17 region harboring quantitative trait loci (QTL) with large effects on preferential macronutrient intake-carbohydrate (Mnic1), total kilcalories (Kcal2), and total food volume (Tfv1) using interval-specific strains. ...
Porter Starr Kathryn K a Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center , Durham , North Carolina , - - 2014
The relationship between eating behaviors, food intake, and mental health and the occurrence of obesity in older adults has rarely been investigated. Therefore, the objective of this study was to establish the associative links of these factors with two measures of obesity: class I obesity as indicated by body mass ...
Lee Natalia M NM School of Population Health, the University of Queensland, Herston, QLD 4029, Australia. - - 2014
It is argued that food addiction explanations of obesity may reduce the significant stigma levelled at obese and overweight individuals. We surveyed 479 adults to determine the prevalence of food addiction in the U.S. (n = 215) and, for the first time, in Australia (n = 264) using the Yale ...
Huang Linhua L Bioresource Utilization Laboratory, College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, - - 2013
A novel fungal l-asparaginase gene from Rhizomucor miehei termed RmAsnase was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. Its deduced amino acid sequence shared only 57% identity with those of other reported l-asparaginases. The purified l-asparaginase homodimer had a molecular mass of 133.7 kDa, a high specific activity of 1,985 U/mg, ...
Bogard April K - - 2013
Eating in table-service restaurants has been implicated as a risk factor for Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection. To explore this association and learn about the prevalence of risky ground beef preparation practices in restaurants, the Environmental Health Specialists Network (EHS-Net) assessed ground beef handling policies and practices in restaurants in California, ...
Olejnik-Schmidt Agnieszka K AK Department of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego Street No. 48, 60-627 PoznaƄ, - - 2014
Bacteriocins are small peptides with antimicrobial activity, that are produced by bacteria. Four classes of bacteriocins produced by lactic acid bacteria have been defined. Class IIa bacteriocins are promising candidates for industrial applications due to their high biological activity and their physicochemical properties. Divercin AS7 is a class IIa bacteriocin ...
Madhu Arenahalli Ningegowda - - 2013
The study details the investigations on the ability of Lactobacillus plantarum CFR 2194, an isolate from kanjika, a rice-based ayurvedic fermented product, to produce biosurfactant. Surfactant production, as a function of fermentation time, indicates that the maximum production occurred at 72 h under stationary conditions. Isolation, partial purification, and characterization of ...
Chen Dong - - 2014
This study investigated the degree of cross-contamination between deli foods and slicers by Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella, and Escherichia coli O157:H7, and their inactivation by levulinic acid (LA) plus sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) on slicers. The transfer rate of pathogens at 5 locations on the contaminated slicers (scenario I) and on ...
Cálix-Lara Thelma F - - 2014
The microbiological safety of fresh produce is of concern for the U.S. food supply. Members of the Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) have been reported to antagonize pathogens by competing for nutrients and by secretion of substances with antimicrobial activity, including organic acids, peroxides, and antimicrobial polypeptides. The objectives of this ...
Wang Haiyan - - 2014
Among food allergens, walnut is a frequent cause of adverse food reactions in allergic patients. In this study, the walnut allergen protein 2S albumin precursor (Jug r 1) cDNA was synthesised and cloned into the pGEX-6P-1 expression vector. The recombinant plasmids were transformed into Escherichia coli (E. coli) BL21(DE3) pLys ...
Vestby Lene K - - 2013
Investigate the use of a synthetic brominated furanone (F202) against the establishment of biofilm by Salmonella ser. Agona and E. coli O103:H2 under temperature conditions relevant for the food and feed industry as well as under temperature conditions optimum for growth. Effect of F202 on biofilm formation by Salmonella ser. ...
Irsfeld Meredith M Department of Veterinary and Microbiological Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo ND - - 2013
During a screen of bacterial nutrients as inhibitors of Escherichia coli O157:H7 biofilm, the Prüß research team made an intriguing observation: among 95 carbon and 95 nitrogen sources tested, β-phenylethylamine (PEA) performed best at reducing bacterial cell counts and biofilm amounts, when supplemented to liquid beef broth medium. This review ...
Ozalp V Cengiz - - 2013
We report an immuno-magnetic separation system developed by the immobilization of pathogen-specific antibodies on the core-shell magnetic beads. The magnetic beads were grafted with glycidylmethacrylate (GMA) using surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP). For immuno-magnetic separation (IMS) of target bacterial cells from others, antibodies for Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica ...
Kilonzo Christopher - - 2013
Recent outbreaks of foodborne illness associated with the consumption of produce has increased concern over wildlife reservoirs of foodborne pathogens. Wild rodents are ubiquitous and those living close to agricultural farms may pose a food safety risk should they shed zoonotic microorganisms in their feces near or on agricultural commodities. ...
Almeida C - - 2013
Despite the emergence of non-O157 shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infections, E. coli O157 serotype is still the most commonly identified STEC in world. It causes high morbidity and mortality, and has been responsible for a number of outbreaks in many parts of the world. Various methods have been developed ...
Barret A-S - - 2013
An outbreak of shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli infections occurred in southwest France in June 2012. The outbreak was investigated to identify the source of infection, and guide control measures. Confirmed outbreak cases were patients who developed bloody diarrhoea or haemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) between 28 May and 6 July 2012, with E. coli ...
Azizkhani Maryam - - 2013
Ready-to-eat salads using baby-leaf and multi-leaf mixes are one of the most promising developments in the fresh-cut food industry. There is great interest in developing novel decontamination treatments, which are both safe for consumers and more efficient against foodborne pathogens. In this study, emulsions of essential oils (EOs) from Origanum ...
Apger-McGlaughon Jennifer J Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-2703, - - 2013
Drosophila seminal fluid proteins elicit physiological and behavioral changes in the female after mating. For example, the seminal protein sex peptide (SP) causes females to lay more eggs, reduce receptivity to re-mating, consume more food and produce more concentrated excreta upon mating. It has been reported that SP indirectly increases ...
Meldrum Richard James - - 2013
A study of the microbiological quality of cooked, sliced vacuum-packed meat was undertaken. Three hundred and eighty-one samples were taken (127 sets of three samples) from 55 commercial premises that produced packets of sliced, cooked, vacuum-packed meat for retail sale. The set of three samples consisted of one from the ...
Noriega Estefanía - - 2013
The occurrence of sublethally injured cells in foods poses major public health concerns and is an essential aspect when assessing the microbial response to food preservation strategies, yet there is limited research dealing with its specific implications for mild heating. All available studies so far have been performed in broths ...
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