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Chen Dong - - 2014
This study investigated the degree of cross-contamination between deli foods and slicers by Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella, and Escherichia coli O157:H7, and their inactivation by levulinic acid (LA) plus sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) on slicers. The transfer rate of pathogens at 5 locations on the contaminated slicers (scenario I) and on ...
Cálix-Lara Thelma F - - 2014
The microbiological safety of fresh produce is of concern for the U.S. food supply. Members of the Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) have been reported to antagonize pathogens by competing for nutrients and by secretion of substances with antimicrobial activity, including organic acids, peroxides, and antimicrobial polypeptides. The objectives of this ...
Wang Haiyan - - 2014
Among food allergens, walnut is a frequent cause of adverse food reactions in allergic patients. In this study, the walnut allergen protein 2S albumin precursor (Jug r 1) cDNA was synthesised and cloned into the pGEX-6P-1 expression vector. The recombinant plasmids were transformed into Escherichia coli (E. coli) BL21(DE3) pLys ...
Vestby Lene K - - 2013
Investigate the use of a synthetic brominated furanone (F202) against the establishment of biofilm by Salmonella ser. Agona and E. coli O103:H2 under temperature conditions relevant for the food and feed industry as well as under temperature conditions optimum for growth. Effect of F202 on biofilm formation by Salmonella ser. ...
Irsfeld Meredith M Department of Veterinary and Microbiological Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo ND - - 2013
During a screen of bacterial nutrients as inhibitors of Escherichia coli O157:H7 biofilm, the Prüß research team made an intriguing observation: among 95 carbon and 95 nitrogen sources tested, β-phenylethylamine (PEA) performed best at reducing bacterial cell counts and biofilm amounts, when supplemented to liquid beef broth medium. This review ...
Ozalp V Cengiz - - 2013
We report an immuno-magnetic separation system developed by the immobilization of pathogen-specific antibodies on the core-shell magnetic beads. The magnetic beads were grafted with glycidylmethacrylate (GMA) using surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP). For immuno-magnetic separation (IMS) of target bacterial cells from others, antibodies for Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica ...
Kilonzo Christopher - - 2013
Recent outbreaks of foodborne illness associated with the consumption of produce has increased concern over wildlife reservoirs of foodborne pathogens. Wild rodents are ubiquitous and those living close to agricultural farms may pose a food safety risk should they shed zoonotic microorganisms in their feces near or on agricultural commodities. ...
Almeida C - - 2013
Despite the emergence of non-O157 shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infections, E. coli O157 serotype is still the most commonly identified STEC in world. It causes high morbidity and mortality, and has been responsible for a number of outbreaks in many parts of the world. Various methods have been developed ...
Barret A-S - - 2013
An outbreak of shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli infections occurred in southwest France in June 2012. The outbreak was investigated to identify the source of infection, and guide control measures. Confirmed outbreak cases were patients who developed bloody diarrhoea or haemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) between 28 May and 6 July 2012, with E. coli ...
Azizkhani Maryam - - 2013
Ready-to-eat salads using baby-leaf and multi-leaf mixes are one of the most promising developments in the fresh-cut food industry. There is great interest in developing novel decontamination treatments, which are both safe for consumers and more efficient against foodborne pathogens. In this study, emulsions of essential oils (EOs) from Origanum ...
Apger-McGlaughon Jennifer - - 2013
Drosophilaseminal fluid proteins elicit physiological and behavioral changes in the female after mating.For example, the seminal protein sex peptide (SP) causes females to lay more eggs, reduce receptivity to re-mating, consume more food and produce more concentrated excreta upon mating. It has been reported that SP indirectly increases food consumption ...
Meldrum Richard James - - 2013
A study of the microbiological quality of cooked, sliced vacuum-packed meat was undertaken. Three hundred and eighty-one samples were taken (127 sets of three samples) from 55 commercial premises that produced packets of sliced, cooked, vacuum-packed meat for retail sale. The set of three samples consisted of one from the ...
Noriega Estefanía - - 2013
The occurrence of sublethally injured cells in foods poses major public health concerns and is an essential aspect when assessing the microbial response to food preservation strategies, yet there is limited research dealing with its specific implications for mild heating. All available studies so far have been performed in broths ...
Ertas Nurhan - - 2013
The present study was conducted to investigate the presence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in food samples of animal origin and to detect its virulence genes by immunomagnetic separation (IMS) technique and multiplex PCR (mPCR). A total of 500 samples (consisting of diced meat, minced meat, burger, raw cow's milk and ...
Hu J K - - 2013
SUMMARY Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is now recognized as a common cause of foodborne outbreaks. This study aimed to describe the first ETEC O169 outbreak identified in Korea. In this outbreak, we identified 1642 cases from seven schools. Retrospective cohort studies were performed in two schools; and case-control studies were ...
Kerekes Erika-Beáta - - 2013
To investigate the effect of clary sage, juniper, lemon and marjoram essential oils (EOs) and their major components on the formation of bacterial and yeast biofilms and on the inhibition of AHL mediated quorum sensing (QS). Biofilm formation was measured by crystal violet and resazurin staining, QS inhibition was detected ...
Liu Long - - 2013
Glucosamine (GlcN), an amino sugar, is a compound derived from substitution of a hydroxyl group of a glucose molecule with an amino group. GlcN and its acetylated derivative, N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc), have been widely used in food, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical industries and are currently produced by acid hydrolysis of chitin (a ...
Auñon-Calles David - - 2013
Hydroxytyrosol (HT) is an olive-derived phenol endowed with several biological activities, some of which demonstrated in humans. Indeed, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) allows the health claim that HT (≥5mg/d) "protects LDL particles from oxidative damage". In terms of safety, HT has been investigated as the predominant part of ...
Wang Fei - - 2013
Abstract Non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (non-O157 STEC) strains are increasingly recognized as important foodborne pathogens worldwide. Together with E. coli O157:H7, six additional STEC serogroups (O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145) are now regulated as adulterants in certain raw beef products in the United States. However, effective detection ...
Szabo Nancy J - - 2013
Microalgae such as Chlorella spp., were once consumed as traditional human foods; now they are being developed as ingredients for modern diets. Whole Algalin Protein (WAP) from dried milled Chlorella protothecoides was evaluated for dietary safety in a 13-week feeding trial in rodents with genotoxic potential evaluated using in vitro ...
Studer Patrick P Research Station Agroscope Changins-Wädenswil, Wädenswil, - - 2013
Sprouts contaminated with human pathogens are able to cause food-borne diseases due to the favorable growth conditions for bacteria during germination and because of minimal processing steps prior to consumption. We have investigated the potential of hot humid air, i.e., aerated steam, to treat alfalfa and mung bean seeds which ...
Duarte Carlos - - 2013
According to estimates issued by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, one out of six Americans will get sick during this year due to consumption of contaminated products and there will be 50,000 related hospitalizations. To control and treat the responsible foodborne diseases, rapid and accurate detection of pathogens ...
Manguiat Lydia S - - 2013
The microbiological quality of chicken- and pork-based street-food samples from Taichung, Taiwan's night markets (50) and Laguna, Philippines' public places (69) was evaluated in comparison to a microbiological guideline for ready-to-eat foods. Different bacterial contamination patterns were observed between 'hot-grilled' and 'cold cooked/fried' food types from the two sampling locations ...
Bito Tomohiro - - 2013
When lettuces ( Lactuca sativa L.) grown for 30 days in hydroponic culture were treated with various concentrations of cyanocobalamin for 24 h, its content in their leaves increased significantly from nondetectable to 164.6 ± 74.7 ng/g fresh weight. This finding indicated that consumption of only two or three of ...
Comery Raven R McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2013
This study identified and characterized enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) in the Canadian food supply. Eighteen of 450 E. coli isolates from food animal sources were identified as atypical EPEC (aEPEC). Several of the aEPEC isolates identified in this study possessed multiple virulence genes, exhibited adherence and attaching and effacing (A/E) ...
Diercke M - - 2013
SUMMARY We investigated a cluster of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O104:H4 infections after a family party during a large STEC O104:H4 outbreak in Germany. To identify the vehicle we conducted a retrospective cohort study. Stool samples of party guests, and food and environmental samples from the catering company were ...
Kotzekidou Parthena - - 2013
Real-time PCR (RTiPCR) assays including enrichment stage were evaluated for the rapid detection of Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli O157:H7 in raw ingredients and ready-to-eat products using molecular beacon probes available as commercial kits (WARNEX Genevision, Canada & AES Chemunex detection system, France). The accuracy of the assays ...
Hegde Narasimha V - - 2013
An antibody microarray was developed to detect the "top six" non-O157 serogroups, O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145 of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), that have been declared as adulterant in meat by the Food Safety and Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture. The sensitivity of ...
Klein G - - 2013
The antimicrobial activity of six essential oil components against the potential food spoilage bacteria Aeromonas (A.) hydrophila, Escherichia (E.) coli, Brochothrix (B.) thermosphacta, and Pseudomonas (P.) fragi at single use and in combination with each other was investigated. At single use, the most effective oil components were thymol (bacteriostatic effect ...
Cho Il-Hoon - - 2013
Food poisoning microorganisms that contaminate food products and compromise food safety and security have been considered a major health threat and a serious concern for food producers and processors. Developing sensor technologies that are rapid for sensitive and selective detection and quantification of pathogens is a high priority for scientists ...
Brüssow Harald - - 2013
Food and nutrition have played a crucial role in biological evolution. Lactation in mammals was one key invention. A central role in milk is played by lactose, otherwise an exotic sugar in nature. Lactose digestion needs the induction of specialized gut enzymes. This enzyme is shut off in a precisely ...
Verstraete K - - 2013
SUMMARY In this study, we characterized 272 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) isolates from humans, food, and cattle in Belgium [O157 (n = 205), O26 (n = 31), O103 (n = 15), O111 (n = 10), O145 (n = 11)] for their virulence profile, whole genome variations and relationships on different genetic levels. Isolates of O157 displayed a wide variation ...
Ilhak Osman ─░rfan - - 2013
The objective of the present study was to obtain data about cooking time and temperature of kiymali pide in the restaurants and to investigate thermal inactivation of E. coli O157:H7 during experimental kiymali pide making. A field study was conducted in randomly selected 23 of 87 pide restaurants. Processing parameters ...
Hauser Elisabeth - - 2013
Seventy-five food-associated Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) were analyzed by molecular and phylogenetic methods to describe their pathogenic potential. The presence of the locus of proteolysis (LPA), the chromosomal island PAI I(CL3), and the autotransporter encoding gene sabA, were examined by PCR. Furthermore, the occupation of the chromosomal integration sites ...
Joung Cho-Kyung - - 2013
We introduce a nanoporous membrane based impedimetric immunosensor for the label-free detection of bacterial pathogens in whole milk. A simple and rapid method to modify a commercially available alumina nanoporous membrane with hyaluronic acid (HA) effectively reduced the non-specific binding of biomolecules and other cells, and permitted successful immobilization of ...
Yang Youjun - - 2013
We developed a rapid and reliable technique for simultaneous detection of Salmonella Typhimurium, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes that can be used in food products. Magnetic nano-beads (MNBs) based immunomagnetic separation (IMS) was used to separate the target bacterial cells while multiplex PCR (mPCR) was used to amplify the ...
Friedman Mendel - - 2013
  We evaluated the relative bactericidal activities (BA(50) ) of 10 presumed health-promoting food-based powders (nutraceuticals) and, for comparison, selected known components against the following foodborne pathogens: Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella enterica, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus. The relative activities were evaluated using quantitative bactericidal activity [(BA(50) value, defined as ...
Chekabab Samuel Mohammed - - 2013
Since its first description in 1982, the zoonotic life-threatening Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 has emerged as an important food- and water-borne pathogen that causes diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis, and hemolytic-uremic syndrome in humans. In the last decade, increases in E. coli O157:H7 outbreaks were associated with environmental contamination in water ...
Kaswurm Vanja - - 2013
2,5-diketo-D-gluconic acid reductase (2,5-DKG reductase) catalyses the reduction of 2,5-diketo-D-gluconic acid (2,5-DKG) to 2-keto-L-gulonic acid (2-KLG), a direct precursor (lactone) of L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C). This reaction is an essential step in the biocatalytic production of the food supplement vitamin C from D-glucose or D-gluconic acid. As 2,5-DKG reductase is ...
Kozak G K - - 2013
Foodborne disease outbreaks associated with fresh fruits and vegetables have been increasing in occurrence worldwide. Canada has one of the highest per capita consumption rates of fresh fruits and vegetables in the world. In this article, we review the foodborne disease outbreaks linked to produce consumption in Canada from 2001 ...
Osimani Andrea - - 2013
Food safety is essential in mass catering. In Europe, Regulation (EC) No. 852/2004 requires food business operators to put in place, implement and maintain permanent procedures based on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) principles. Each HACCP plan is specifically implemented for the processing plant and processing methods and ...
Cheng Luisa W - - 2013
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) food contaminations pose serious health concerns, and have been the subject of massive food recalls. STEC has been identified as the major cause of the life-threatening complication of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). Besides supportive care, there currently are no therapeutics available. The use of antibiotics ...
Iyer Archana - - 2013
Food-borne pathogens are the leading cause of illness and death in developing countries, killing approximately 1.8 million people annually. In developed countries, food-borne pathogens are responsible for millions of cases of infectious gastrointestinal diseases each year, costing billions of dollars. The objective of this study was to screen for two ...
Harada Tetsuya - - 2013
We describe our laboratory investigation of a massive foodborne outbreak of gastrointestinal illness caused by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) serotype O169:H41 that occurred during a 2-day traditional festival held in September 2012 in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. Of 126 customers who patronized a particular Japanese restaurant during the event, 102 developed ...
Hayashi Masahiro M Division of Anaerobe Research, Life Science Research Center, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1194, Japan ; Department of Microbiology, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1194, - - 2013
A quick foodborne pathogen screening method after six-hour enrichment culture with a broad-range food pathogen enrichment broth is described. Pathogenic factors of Salmonella enterica, Shigella spp., enteroinvasive Escherichia coli, and enterohemorrhagic E. coli are amplified with a cocktail primer and rapid polymerase chain reaction (PCR), which finishes amplification in 30 min. ...
Weiser Armin A - - 2012
Abstract The Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O104:H4 outbreak in Germany in 2011 required the development of appropriate tools in real-time for tracing suspicious foods along the supply chain, namely salad ingredients, sprouts, and seeds. Food commodities consumed at locations identified as most probable site of infection (outbreak clusters) were traced ...
Li Mengqiu - - 2012
Accurately measuring carbon flows is a challenge for understanding processes such as diverse intracellular metabolic pathways and foodwebs in ecosystem. Combined with stable isotope probing (SIP), single-cell Raman spectroscopy was demonstrated for the first time to link the food chain from carbon substrate to bacterial prey up to predators at ...
Liebana Ernesto - - 2012
bla(ESBL) and bla(AmpC) in Enterobacteriaceae are spread by plasmid-mediated integrons, insertion sequences and transposons, some of which are homologous in bacteria from food-animals, foods and humans. These genes have been frequently identified in Escherichia coli and Salmonella from food-animals; the most common genes being bla(CTX-M-1), bla(CTX-M-14), and bla(CMY-2).Identification of risk ...
Lee Jae-Ick - - 2012
Biogenic amines (BAs) that are produced through naturally occurring decarboxylation of amino acids have toxicological effects on humans. Bacterial amine oxidases are useful tools for the rapid quantification of BAs in foods. To develop amine oxidases for the rapid detection of BAs, the genes for amine oxidases from Arthobacter aurescens ...
Matulkova P - - 2012
SUMMARY In August 2011, we investigated an outbreak of Escherichia coli O157 in Plymouth, England, utilizing a case-control study and food traceback. Nine cases, eight laboratory-confirmed with E. coli O157 phage type 21/28 verocytotoxin 2 and one epidemiologically linked, had onsets from 30 July 2011 to 15 August 2011. We ...
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