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Santika Otte - - 2009
Effective population-specific, food-based complementary feeding recommendations (CFR) are required to combat micronutrient deficiencies. To facilitate their formulation, a modeling approach was recently developed. However, it has not yet been used in practice. This study therefore aimed to use this approach to develop CFR for 9- to 11-mo-old Indonesian infants and ...
Pachón Helena - - 2008
The objective of this study was to test meat and fortified-food combinations to identify those that optimize iron uptake in an in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model, a proxy for iron bioavailability. Four experiments tested combinations of meats such as chicken (blood, spleen, liver, thigh), beef (cube steak), and fish (whole-fish ...
Escobedo Morales A - - 2008
Incorporation of dopants in optoelectronic semiconductor nanostructures has been a matter of great interest in recent times. While such doping has been performed almost routinely using physical methods, use of low-cost chemical techniques for that purpose is still rare. We incorporated antimony in zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures through a low ...
Pócsi István - - 2008
Iron-mediated oxidation of low-density lipoprotein has been implicated in the pathogenesis of vascular disorders such as atherosclerosis. The present investigations were performed to test whether hydrophobic fungal siderophores - hexadentate trihydroxamates desferricoprogen, desferrichrome, desferrirubin, and desferrichrysin - might suppress heme-catalyzed LDL oxidation and the toxic effects of heme-treated LDL on ...
Bao Tong - - 2009
Phytoremediation is a promising tool in removing pollutants from the environment or in rendering them harmless. The objective of this research was to determine the effect of iron-deficiency on the uptake of cadmium by Solanum nigrum L. Results showed that iron-deficiency induced cadmium uptake, biomass decrease and changes in pH ...
Shamah-Levy Teresa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of ferrous sulfate (FS) and ferrous gluconate (FG) as fortificants for a complementary baby food (Nutrisano) to improve the iron status and to reduce the prevalence of anemia in toddlers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Toddlers 12 to 30 months old were randomly assigned to receive either ...
Wang Zhihong - - 2009
The assembly and activity of cytochrome c oxidase is dependent on the availability of heme A, one of its essential cofactors. In eukaryotes, two inner mitochondrial membrane proteins, heme O synthase (Cox10) and heme A synthase (Cox15), are required for heme A biosynthesis. In this report, we demonstrate that in ...
Haro-Vicente Juan Francisco - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Food iron (Fe) fortification is an adequate approach for preventing Fe-deficiency anemia. Poorly water-soluble Fe compounds have good sensory attributes but low bioavailability. The reduction of the particle size of Fe fortificants and the addition of ascorbic acid might increase the bioavailability of low-soluble compounds. The present ...
Komlos John - - 2008
The biogeochemistry related to iron- and sulfate-reducing conditions influences the fate of contaminants such as petroleum hydrocarbons, trace metals, and radionuclides (i.e., uranium) released into the subsurface. An understanding of these processes is imperative to successfully predict the fate of contaminants during bioremediation scenarios. A series of flow-through sediment column ...
Park Sunghun - - 2009
Vegetables represent an attractive means of providing increased calcium nutrition to the public. In this study, it was demonstrated that lettuce expressing the deregulated Arabidopsis H(+)/Ca(2+) transporter sCAX1 (cation exchanger 1) contained 25%-32% more calcium than controls. These biofortified lettuce lines were fertile and demonstrated robust growth in glasshouse growth ...
Sinn Natalie - - 2008
An abundance of research has investigated causes and treatments for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The research includes identification of suboptimal levels of nutrients and sensitivities to certain foods and food additives. This review gives an overview of this research and provides an up-to-date account of clinical trials that have ...
Hennessy-Priest Kathleen A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine if zinc food fortification makes a significant contribution to dietary zinc intake and to describe zinc-fortified food usage, amongst Canadian preschoolers. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were used from the NutriSTEP validation project for which preschoolers (3-5 years) from across Ontario were recruited using convenience sampling. Three-day food records ...
Salgueiro M J - - 2009
The purpose of the present work was to evaluate the iron bioavailability of a new ferric pyrophosphate salt stabilized and solubilized with glycine. The prophylactic-preventive test in rats, using ferrous sulfate as the reference standard, was applied as the evaluating methodology both using water and yogurt as vehicles. Fifty female ...
Trinidad Trinidad P - - 2008
Background Milled rice is the staple food among Filipinos and is mostly consumed three times a day. Rice as a source of iron could therefore have an important role in the existing 37% prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia in the country. Previous iron absorption studies in Filipinos from rice and rice-based ...
Denova-Gutiérrez Edgar - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Biofortification is an agricultural process that attempts to increase the iron and zinc content of staple food crops. Improving the absorption of zinc and iron could contribute to reducing the high rates of deficiency of these micronutrients in developing-country settings. OBJECTIVE: To simulate the effects of biofortification of staple ...
Porasuphatana S - - 2008
Rice-based complementary foods normally contain inadequate amounts of several micronutrients, such as iron, calcium, and zinc. This study aimed at improving the quality of commercially produced rice-based complementary foods. The analysis centered on identifying a rice-based complementary food that is safe, stable, sensory acceptable, and economical in terms of fortificants ...
Préat Alain R - - 2008
The iron (Fe) isotopic composition of 17 Jurassic limestones from the Rosso Ammonitico of Verona (Italy) have been analyzed by Multiple-Collector Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS). Such analysis allowed for the recognition of a clear iron isotopic fractionation (mean -0.8 per thousand, ranging between -1.52 to -0.06 per thousand) ...
Fakih Sarah - - 2008
Iron-sensitive fluorescent chemosensors in combination with digital fluorescence spectroscopy have led to the identification of a distinct subcellular compartmentation of intracellular redox-active "labile" iron. To investigate the distribution of labile iron, our research has been focused on the development of fluorescent iron sensors targeting the endosomal/lysosomal system. Following the recent ...
Bitoun Jacob P JP Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, 202 Life Sciences Building, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, - - 2008
Iron-sulfur clusters are one of the most ubiquitous redox centers in biology. Ironically, iron-sulfur clusters are highly sensitive to reactive oxygen species. Disruption of iron-sulfur clusters will not only change the activity of proteins that host iron-sulfur clusters, the iron released from the disrupted iron-sulfur clusters will further promote the ...
Van Biesen Geert - - 2008
The range of selectivities of pseudostationary phases (PSPs) available for micellar electrokinetic chromatography is limited, and there continues to be interest in the synthesis and evaluation of novel PSPs. With the unique selectivity of lithium perfluorooctanesulfonate (LPFOS) in mind, we synthesized anionic dimeric surfactants with fluorinated spacers of various lengths. ...
Kwong Raymond W M - - 2008
This study investigated the physiological characteristics of intestinal iron absorption in a freshwater teleost, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Using an in vitro gastro-intestinal sac technique, we evaluated the spatial pattern and concentration dependent profile of iron uptake, and also the influence of luminal chemistry (pH and chelation) on iron absorption. ...
Hameed Saif - - 2008
In this study, we investigated the role of cellular iron status in hyphae and biofilm formation in Candida albicans. Iron deprivation by a chelator, bathophenanthrolene disulfonic acid, promoted hyphal development even in nonhyphal-inducing media without affecting growth of C. albicans cells. Iron-acquisition defective mutants, Deltaftr1 and Deltaccc2, also showed hyphal ...
Hotz Christine - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Universal fortification of staple foods with iron has been widely promoted as a cost-effective strategy to reduce iron deficiency in developing-country populations. Nonetheless, relatively few efficacy trials have been reported to date to demonstrate impact on iron status. The Ultra Rice technology provides a means of delivering fortificant iron ...
Cole Conrad R - - 2008
Human growth retardation from zinc deficiency was first reported over 40 years ago. More recently marginal zinc deficiency was shown to occur during pregnancy and infancy, and to be prevalent in children throughout the world. Zinc with or without macronutrients and other micronutrient deficits may also occur in patients with ...
Hoppe Michael - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Although it is well known that bioavailability of iron in the diet is important, it has not been fully elucidated in practice. We investigated iron intake and iron absorption in the ordinary diet of free-living individuals in relation to iron status and assessed iron requirements. METHODS: From a total ...
Hoppler Matthias - - 2008
Biofortification of staple foods with iron in the form of ferritin-iron is a promising approach to fighting iron-deficiency anemia in developing countries. However, contradictory results regarding iron bioavailability to humans from ferritin are not yet fully clarified. Furthermore, the question has been raised whether ferritin can potentially survive gastric passage ...
Jamieson Jennifer A - - 2008
Anemia is a serious concern among indigenous populations in North America, and it appears to be widespread among the Inuit despite abundant intakes of heme iron. It is therefore hypothesized that anemia for the Inuit involves other dietary factors not usually associated with animal foods, such as low intakes of ...
Armah Charlotte N - - 2008
In this research, our aim was to isolate and characterize the substance known as "meat factor," which is reported to enhance nonheme iron absorption. We used various analytical techniques, and the final step was a human study to measure the effect of a candidate compound on iron absorption. Lean beef ...
Salarmoini M - - 2008
1. The experimental barley samples included 4 hulled and one hull-less low-phytate barley cultivars and two commercial barley varieties as controls. 2. The diets were provided in meal form, with the experimental barley samples constituting the cereal source. Two additional treatments were added for each of the control varieties in ...
Barnes Tamsin S - - 2008
In Australia the brush-tailed rock-wallaby (Petrogale penicillata) is the subject of a national recovery plan, and several sites have been selected for reintroductions. Condition of wild populations and individual animals can be monitored using hematologic and serum biochemistry analytes, and hematologic variables have been correlated with postrelease survival in other ...
Tengco Lorena W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to identify the determinants of anemia among rural Filipino children aged 12-71 months. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2090 preschool children from 8 rural villages in Cebu, an area non-endemic for malaria and schistosomiasis. Hemoglobin (Hb) concentration was determined using a HemoCue hemoglobinometer and ...
Tarwadi Kirtan V - - 2008
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Habitual food and nutrient intakes of 140 Indian cataract patients and 100 age- and sex-matched controls (50-75 years), from high income group and low income groups, were assessed. METHODS: Food intake was recorded by food frequency questionnaire and data were examined for linkages with blood/lens parameters of ...
Alaofè Halimatou - - 2008
Iron deficiency (ID) is the most prevalent micronutrient deficiency in the world, particularly in developing countries. Blood samples and a qualitative FFQ on Fe- and vitamin C-rich foods were obtained in 180 adolescent girls aged 12 to 17 years living in two boarding schools from south Benin. ID, defined as ...
Thomas Vernon G - - 2008
The rates of dissolution of copper, tin, and iron from sintered tungsten-bronze spheres (51.1%W, 44.4%Cu, 3.9%Sn, 0.6%Fe, by mass) were measured in an in vitro simulated avian gizzard at pH 2.0, and 42C. Most of the spheres had disintegrated completely to a fine powder by day 14. Dissolution of copper, ...
Mburu Anne S W - - 2008
Hemoglobin and ferritin are important biomarkers of iron status but are both altered by inflammation. We used the inflammation biomarkers C-reactive protein (CRP) and alpha1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) to adjust hemoglobin and ferritin concentrations to clarify interpretation of iron status. Apparently healthy adults who tested positive twice for HIV but who ...
Bohn Lisbeth - - 2008
Phytic acid (PA) is the primary storage compound of phosphorus in seeds accounting for up to 80% of the total seed phosphorus and contributing as much as 1.5% to the seed dry weight. The negatively charged phosphate in PA strongly binds to metallic cations of Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Mn ...
Stein Alexander J - - 2008
Iron deficiency is a widespread nutrition and health problem in developing countries, causing impairments in physical activity and cognitive development, as well as maternal mortality. Although food fortification and supplementation programmes have been effective in some countries, their overall success remains limited. Biofortification, that is, breeding food crops for higher ...
Navas-Carretero Santiago - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is a major health problem worldwide, and is associated with diets of low iron bioavailability. Non-heme iron absorption is modulated by dietary constituents, one of which is the so-called "meat factor", present in meat, fish (oily and lean) and poultry, which is an important enhancer of iron ...
Li Yao - - 2008
Food fortification with iron is effective in combating iron-deficiency anemia. As iron is reactive, it can destroy micronutrients, contribute to poor taste, and discolor the food. Encapsulation could be used to prevent the reaction of iron with food components. The stability of thiamin (vitamin B1) and its effects on organoleptic ...
M. Sedehi Esfahani
The health consideration of microwave radiation has been the subject of scientific investigations particularly in the last decades. But there is a few information about the health effect of micro waved food consuming for a long time. The aim of this trial is to evaluate blood iron and also plasma ...
Purushothaman Vijayalakshmi - - 2008
Iron deficiency anaemia is a major public health problem. The high incidence is either due to insufficient intake of iron or poor bio availability. Enhancing the bio availability is as important as increasing the intake. The absorption could be enhanced by including ascorbic acid and beta carotene containing fruits and ...
Morales J - - 2008
As part of the efforts to reduce iron deficiency anemia (IDA), the Mexican Federal program PROGRESA distributes complementary foods to toddlers and pregnant women living in extreme poverty. Complementary foods were originally fortified with hydrogen-reduced iron, which proved a limited efficacy. The supplement was reformulated to provide higher iron bioavailability. ...
Allen Lindsay H - - 2008
The main dietary sources of micronutrients are animal source foods, fruits, vegetables and legumes. Animal source foods are the only source of some micronutrients and the main dietary source of others. Micronutrient status and child development are improved by animal source food interventions in populations that habitually consume low amounts. ...
Young Sera L - - 2008
Pica, the craving and subsequent consumption of non-food substances such as earth, charcoal, and raw starch, has been an enigma for more than 2000 years. Currently, there are little available data for testing major hypotheses about pica because of methodological limitations and lack of attention to the problem. In this ...
Orech F O - - 2007
Socio-economic changes that have taken place in Africa have influenced people's eating habits in both rural and urban set-ups. Most people prefer introduced foods to traditional foods, including plant foods whose consumption is widely regarded as a primitive culture manifesting poor lifestyles. However, recent studies on traditional plant foods have ...
Dewey Kathryn G - - 2007
Low intake of bioavailable iron from complementary foods is the major cause of the high prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia among children 6 to 24 months of age in developing countries. Increased dietary diversity and traditional food-processing techniques are generally unsuccessful at completely closing the gap between iron intake and needs. ...
Handelman G J - - 2007
Anemia prevention for hemodialysis relies primarily on supplemental erythropoietin (EPO) and intravenous iron (IV-iron). The doses of EPO utilized are somewhat higher than normal endogenous rates of EPO production in healthy subjects, and the amount of IV-iron used to boost red blood cell (RBC) production may be greater than the ...
Surh J - - 2007
4-Hydroxy-2-hexenal (HHE) and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) were determined using selected ion-monitoring gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) in 56 kinds of commercially available PUFA-fortified foods including infant formulas and baby foods. HHE and HNE, each specifically coming from the oxidation of n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), were observed at <10-77 and ...
Qi Cuicui - - 2008
Environmental geochemistry of antimony (Sb) has gained much attention recently because of its potential toxicity. We have reviewed the distribution, modes of occurrence, geological processes and environmental effects of Sb in Chinese coals. Data of Sb in 1058 coal samples from China were compiled and the average Sb content in ...
Ross Malcolm - - 2008
Asbestos crystallizes within rock formations undergoing intense deformation characterized by folding, faulting, shearing, and dilation. Some of these conditions have prevailed during formation of the taconite iron ore deposits in the eastern Mesabi Iron Range of Minnesota. This range includes the Peter Mitchell Taconite Mine at Babbitt, Minnesota. The mine ...
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