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Federman D G - - 1997
Pica, the persistent and compulsive ingestion of particular food items or nonnutritive substances, has been associated with iron deficiency, zinc deficiency, geophagia, mental deficiency, developmental delay, and a family history of pica. Nutritional, sensory physiologic, psychosocial, and cultural theories have been advanced to explain this phenomenon, but the etiology of ...
Lynch S R - - 1997
Iron is essential for oxygen transport, oxidative metabolism, and cellular growth. Interactions between iron and other dietary factors play a significant role in determining the adequacy of iron nutrition and have important implications for food fortification in developing countries. Vitamin A and vitamin C deficiency states may affect iron transport, ...
Skikne B - - 1997
The bioavailability of ferritin iron was evaluated in human subjects using radiolabelled [55Fe]ferritin isolated from bovine spleen and liver. Preliminary studies with bovine spleen ferritin labelled in vitro demonstrated an inappropriately high absorption compared with ferritin labelled in vivo, and the latter was therefore used in all subsequent absorption studies. ...
Maher R - - 1997
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is an oral precancerous condition characterized by symptoms such as intolerance to spicy food, altered salivation, progressive difficulty in opening the mouth, and signs like vesiculation, ulceration, blanching, rigidity, and stiffening of the oral mucosa and depapillation and altered mobility of the tongue. It is seen ...
Isong E U - - 1997
The research presents analytical data on three varieties of a commonly consumed vegetable, Lesianthera africana, in southern Nigeria. The Etoi (bitter) variety seemed to possess the best (p < or = 0.01) nutritional value (highest lipid, protein, calories, iron, calcium, phosphorus, least fiber) but highest toxic components (mg/100 g: 1.62 ...
Gibson R S - - 1997
Dietary strategies to enhance the content and bioavailability of iron and zinc in vegetarian diets were compiled. Strategies included increasing promoters and decreasing antagonists of iron and zinc absorption, adopting food preparation and processing methods which hydrolyze the phytate content of cereals and legumes, and using iron cookware. These strategies ...
Layrisse M - - 1996
In Venezuela a severe economic crisis beginning in 1983 provoked a progressive reduction of the quality and quantity of food consumed by the low socioeconomic strata of the population. In these strata, which represent > or = 80% of the Venezuelan population, we had seen a continuous increase in the ...
Wade R S - - 1996
Oxymyoglobin under argon reacts with NO2- and NO2 (N2O4) to produce metmyoglobin in a spectrally clean process with clear isosbestic points. In both cases, the reactant is NO2-. The second-order rate constant for NO2- or N2O4 is the same: d(Mb+)/dt = k(MbO2)(NO2-) where k = 0.21 +/- 0.02 L mol-1 ...
Van Dyck K - - 1996
The availability of iron, zinc and calcium from a composed meal was studied by an in vitro method using equilibrium dialysis after simulated gastric digestion. Four different concentrations of four influencing factors (coffee, vitamin C, wheat bran and pectin) were added to the mixed meal and their effect on the ...
Petersen K M - - 1996
To define more fully the nature of a persistently high prevalence of iron deficiency anemia observed among Alaska Native children, we examined dietary iron intake, hemoglobin concentrations, and storage iron (serum ferritin) based on multiple cross-sectional surveys of Alaska Natives between 1983 and 1989. Approximately 30 to 50% of the ...
Shimbo S - - 1996
Dietary intakes of calcium (Ca) and iron (Fe) were investigated in 227 women (mostly housewives) in 12 regions in Japan in 1991-1993 by the 24-hour food duplicate method. Nine regions out of 12 had been previously studied in 1977-1982. Utilizing Standard Food Composition database, mean Ca and Fe-intakes in 1991-1993 ...
Trinchieri A - - 1996
The epidemiology of urolithiasis differs according to geographical area and historical period: changing socio-economic conditions have generated changes in the incidence and type of lithiasis in terms of both the site and the physical-chemical composition of the calculi. Reno-ureteral calculosis typical of adult age and featuring mainly calcium oxalate and ...
Boccio J R - - 1996
Iron deficiency is the most important nutritional problem all over the world. Fluid milk is an attractive vehicle for iron fortification, since it is a food with a high nutritional value, accessible to the whole population and easy to be given to children. Fortification of this food with iron has ...
Sharov V S - - 1996
The kinetics of chemiluminescence (CL) accompanying Fe(2+)-induced lipid peroxidation (LPO) in liposome suspension has been investigated. A sequence of stages was observed, namely: (1) fast CL flash (FF); (2) latent period (LP); (3) slow CL flash (SF) and (4) stationary chemiluminescence (SL). The first three stages are known to reflect ...
Adeyeye E I - - 1996
Some aspects of the chemical and anatomical weight composition of land snails in Nigeria were analysed with a view to assessing the waste yield, carcass yield and their nutritional evaluation on wet weight basis. Proximate analysis of Archachatina, Archatina and Limicolaria species was carried out on the carcass. Moisture and ...
Nuviala R J - - 1996
The iron nutritional status was studied in 84 sportswomen (19 karatekas, 20 handball players, 20 basketball players, and 25 middle and long distance runners) and in 82 nonathletic females of similar characteristics (control group). After a 7-day nutritional survey by means of the food weighing method, it was found that ...
Sandberg A S - - 1996
Phytate is an inhibitor of iron absorption that can be removed before the intestinal site of absorption by microbial phytase, thereby increasing iron absorption from a meal. The effects of two kinds of dietary phytase, cereal phytase and microbial phytase from Aspergillus niger, on iron absorption were investigated. Iron absorption ...
Ito H - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Urinary oxalate may contribute far more than urinary calcium to the pathogenesis of urinary calculi. Urinary oxalate may be reduced by restricting the intake of foods high in oxalate. The oxalate content foods might be reduced by oxalate-degrading bacteria. The purpose of this experiment was to reduce the oxalate ...
Gotelli C A - - 1996
Iron deficiency is one of the most important nutritional problems in the world. The best method to overcome this problem is the fortification of foods with highly bioavailable iron. Fluid milk is a massive consumption food with an easy access and which is generally the only food intake during the ...
Ekberg J - - 1996
"The conditions for young immigrants in the Swedish labour market have been widely discussed in recent years. One hypothesis put forward is that young immigrants tend to remain in jobs with low wages, high risks of unemployment and bad working environments, and their mobility out of such jobs is low.... ...
Roebothan B V - - 1996
Although it is widely accepted that body iron stores of elderly individuals are largely adequate, recent findings from our laboratory suggest that as many as 9% of a "healthy" sample showed signs of an inadequate body store of this nutrient. In an attempt to see if iron consumption may be ...
GaƂazka-Friedman J - - 1996
We used Mössbauer spectroscopy to study the iron content, the redox state, and the binding site of iron in substantia nigra (SN) from parkinsonian (PD) and control brains. Measurements performed on fresh-frozen, formalin-fixed, and lyophilized samples demonstrated the presence of ferric (Fe3+) iron only, both in PD and control SN. ...
Boccio J R - - 1995
It is known that the fortification of milk and its derivatives with iron has been recognized as a worldwide necessity, since the deficiency of this element produces different metabolic disorders. With this purpose, we have studied the iron absorption in mice after the administration of fluid milk and yogurt with ...
Fairweather-Tait S J - - 1995
The effect of fortification iron (reduced iron) on zinc absorption from a commercial vegetable-based weaning food was assessed in 11 9-mo-old infants. Each infant was fed a test meal of unfortified or iron-fortified product, labeled extrinsically with 1 mg 67Zn or 70Zn (as citrate), and the next day was fed ...
Heering H A - - 1995
The reversible 2 x 1 e- reduction of the cubane cluster from oxidized to reduced to super-reduced states ([4Fe-4S]3+<-->[4Fe-4S]2+<-->[4Fe-4S]1+) was studied in high-potential iron-sulfur proteins (HiPIPs). Super-reduction to the 1+ state was not observed in any of the seven HiPIPs tested during cyclic voltammetry (down to -0.95 V). However, equilibration ...
Davidsson L - - 1995
The effect of Fe fortification on the absorption of Zn was studied by radioisotopic labelling of single meals, followed by measurements of whole-body retention of 65Zn at 14 d after intake. Healthy adult volunteers participated in the study. Weaning cereal, wheat bread and infant formula, foods that are all frequently ...
Golub M S - - 1995
The majority of studies of developmental zinc deficiency and behavior were conducted in laboratory animals, primarily rats and rhesus monkeys. Effects on food intake complicate interpretation of experiments using severe zinc deficiency. Severe zinc deficiency in rats during the period of rapid brain growth has similar effects to protein calorie ...
Augier H - - 1995
Neutron activation study of elementary composition was performed on edible sea urchins Paracentrotus lividus from the National Park of Port-Cros. The analysis allows the identification and quantification of 22 elements: antimony, arsenic, baryum, bromine, cerium, chromium, cesium, cobalt, gold, iron, lanthane, potassium, sodium, rubidium, samarium, scandium, selenium, silver, strontium, thorium, ...
Clarkson P M - - 1995
Calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, and iron are important to a wide variety of body functions, such as mineralization of bones, serving as cofactors to many enzyme systems, sustaining muscle and nerve excitation, and, in the case of iron, maintaining the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood. Many female athletes consume less ...
Fairweather-Tait S - - 1995
There is limited information on the bioavailability of Fe in infant weaning foods, mainly because of the difficulties of measuring Fe utilization directly in infants. The aim of this study was to develop a safe and relatively noninvasive method for studying Fe bioavailability (measured as percent Fe incorporation into red ...
Grigor P N - - 1995
An investigation was carried out on 504 BUT 8 female poults to identify the optimum technique and age for beak trimming breeding turkeys, which have to be kept at relatively high light intensities and are thus at serious risk of cannibalism. Different groups of birds were subjected to electronic trimming ...
Gahlawat P - - 1995
Three weaning foods were formulated from locally available cereals and pulses such as rice (Oryza sativa), kangini (Setaria italica), sanwak (Echinochloa frumentacea), green gram (Vigna radiata) and jaggery. Cereals and pulses were mixed in the proportion of 7:3. Nutrient composition of developed weaning foods was within range prescribed by Indian ...
Belton N - - 1995
If we are to reduce the incidence of iron deficiency, parents need more education in how to prevent it. Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional problem in early childhood in the UK and may adversely affect development. Breast milk, infant formulae and follow-on formulae all provide enough absorbable iron ...
Holmes R P - - 1995
Dietary oxalate is currently believed to make only a minor contribution (< 20%) to urinary oxalate excretion. A recent prospective study of stone disease suggested that dietary oxalate may be a significant risk factor. This observation led us to re-evaluate the contribution of dietary oxalate to urinary oxalate excretion. Previous ...
Sayers M H - - 1994
There is evidence that iron stores alter iron absorption to meet body iron needs. In this study, quantitative aspects of this regulation of iron balance are examined. Two male subjects, one with low and one with average iron stores, were given additional dietary iron over 500 days. Changes in iron ...
Gahlawat P - - 1994
Locally available cereals and pulses such as rice (Oryza sativa), kangini (Setaria italica), sanwak (Echinochloa frumentacea), green gram (Vigna radiata) and jaggery were used to formulate three weaning foods. Cereal, pulse and jaggery were mixed in the ratio of 70:30:25. Roasting was the main processing technique used in the formulation ...
Sandstead H H - - 1994
Zinc plays a key role in genetic expression, cell division, and growth and is essential for function of more than 200 enzymes. Effects of deficiency include stunting, anergy, dermatitis, poor healing, teratology, and neuropsychologic impairments. Risk of deficiency is related to level of anabolism and food choice. Bioavailability is greater ...
Goudard F - - 1994
In the lobster, most of the radionuclides ingested with contaminated food are concentrated in the digestive gland. Americium-241 accumulation in the hepatopancreas of the lobster was studied during the digestive cycle. Fractionations of cytosols at different times after ingestion of radioactive preys were performed by gel permeation chromatography to determine ...
Rajyalakshmi P - - 1994
Twenty five foods cultivated and consumed by the tribals of Andhra Pradesh, India, comprising cereals/millets, legumes, tubers and miscellaneous foods collected seasonally from 20 tribal villages were analysed for proximate composition, vitamins and minerals. The major findings of the study were as follows: Protein content of cereals/millets ranged from 6.8 ...
Hamilton K O - - 1994
The transport of two iron chelators, desferrioxamine B (DFO) and L1 (1,2-dimethyl-3 hydroxypyridin-4-one) has been studied in vitro using the human adenocarcinoma cell line, Caco-2. The transport of DFO and L1 has also been compared with that of their iron-bound complexes, ferrioxamine (FO) and L1(3)-Fe, respectively. We report an apparent ...
MacPhail A P - - 1994
Iron EDTA is an effective fortificant in meals of low iron bioavailability. Na2EDTA, added to food to prevent oxidation, enhances iron bioavailability by chelating added iron. This study examines the optimal ratio of EDTA to iron causing enhanced iron absorption. Iron absorption from a rice-based meal of low iron bioavailability ...
Cook J D - - 1994
The prevelance of IDA in industrialized countries has declined in recent decades, but there has been little change in the worldwide prevalence. IDA is currently estimated to affect more than 500 million people. Recent studies have indicated that anemia per se, the most common manifestation of iron deficiency, is less ...
Whittaker P - - 1993
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the use of disodium and calcium disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA) for direct addition to food. The international nutrition community is interested in obtaining approval for the use of sodium iron(III) EDTA (NaFeEDTA) for dietary iron fortification because of its high iron bioavailability, ...
Gabay T - - 1993
Intraerythrocytic malaria parasites ingest the cytosol of their host cell and digest it inside their acid food vacuoles. Acidified (pH 4-5.5, 37 degrees C) human red blood cell lysates were used to simulate this process, measuring the denaturation of hemoglobin (Hb) and the release of iron, in the absence or ...
Keenan J M - - 1993
Older patients with inadequate dietary habits tend to be at risk for mild to moderate zinc deficiency. Symptoms that can be of particular concern include slow wound healing, increased risk of infection, and a loss of acuity in taste and smell. The diagnosis of zinc deficiency is based on a ...
Idowu M A - - 1993
Pregelatinized maize-sweet potato mix, fortified with soybeans and groundnut flours, was evaluated for its acceptability as a weaning food and for nutrient composition. An acceptable product had 14.3, 6.4, 2.4 and 67.4%, respectively, for its protein, fat, ash and carbohydrate contents. Values for calcium, phosphorus and and iron contents were ...
Massey L K - - 1993
Dietary restriction of oxalate intake has been used as therapy to reduce the risk of recurrence of calcium oxalate kidney stones. Although urinary oxalate is derived predominantly from endogenous synthesis, it may also be affected by dietary intake of oxalate and calcium. The risk of increasing urinary oxalate excretion by ...
Tham K T - - 1993
During a study of nucleolar organiser regions, a modified silver stain was found to be a sensitive marker for the iron in ringed sideroblasts, more so than Perls's stain when the marrow iron stores were low. To enhance the usefulness of the silver stain, a combined silver Perls method was ...
Duggan M B - - 1993
Iron deficiency is the commonest cause of anaemia in Britain. Maureen B Duggan asks: How does toddler iron deficiency aris? How is it reliably diagnosed? And how can it be prevented in the community? Is iron supplementation of foods, especially of breast milk substitutes and follow-on formulae important in communities ...
Telford R D - - 1993
Plasma ferritin (F) concentrations were measured (range 12-245 ng.ml-1) as an indicator of iron status in 24 male and 45 female healthy, nonanemic athletes. Usual food intake was assessed using a self-completed but supervised food frequency questionnaire. Linear regression was applied to determine the relationship between log F (as data ...
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