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- - 2004
On the 7. November 2003 a new regulation was enforced in the states of the EU to govern the authorisation and labelling of genetically modified food in standardized and legally binding form. Raw materials from GM crops now have to feature in the list of ingredients of the end products. ...
Buzalaf Marília Afonso Rabelo - - 2003
Chocolate bars and chocolate cookies are foodstuffs highly appreciated by children. The possibility of having fluorine (F) among their components, associated with an excessive consumption, may make them decisive contributors to the total daily F intake. Thus, they could participate in the establishment of dental fluorosis. The aim of this ...
- - 2003
On April 17, 2002, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved a new label for the use of Cytotec (misoprostol) during pregnancy. The new labeling does not contain claims regarding the efficacy and/or safety of Cytotec when it is used for cervical ripening for the induction of labor nor does ...
Obayashi Saori - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To test the reliability and validity of scales on nutrition knowledge, social-psychological factors, and use of food labels developed from the 1995 Diet and Health Knowledge Survey (DHKS) questions. DESIGN: The 1995 DHKS questions within a section were pooled together as a scale and their reliability and validity were ...
Nielsen Jeppe Lund - - 2003
A technique based on quantitative microautoradiography (QMAR) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was developed and evaluated in order to determine the quantitative uptake of specific substrates in probe-defined filamentous bacteria directly in a complex system. The technique, QMAR-FISH, has a resolution of a single cell and is based on ...
Richardson David P - - 2003
Wholegrain foods are important sources of nutrients and phyto-protective components, which are in short supply in many member states of the EU, including the UK. Encouraging the public to increase consumption of wholegrain foods is a positive health message that has critical public health implications. In February 2002 the UK ...
Brown J Lynne - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether perceived benefit alters personal risk perception associated with eating genetically engineered soybeans, consumer desire for labeling, preferred phrase on a label symbol, and desired information in an educational brochure. DESIGN: Comparison of responses of two consumer groups who completed one of two survey versions. SUBJECTS/SETTINGS: One ...
Williams Peter - - 2003
The aim of this study was to describe the use of nutrition and related claims on packaged food for sale in Australia and measure the compliance of such claims with regulations governing their use. A survey was conducted of the labelling of 6662 products in 40 different food categories on ...
Sullivan Ann D - - 2003
A facilitated group discussion approach was used to explore how a group of eight low-income consumers perceive, understand, and use the current food label for food-shopping decisions. Meeting for one hour on three consecutive weeks in a community facility, the group discussed the total food package, the ingredient list alone ...
Henderson J - - 2003
Background - Although consumer knowledge of food labels is a well researched topic, the information consumers use on food labels needs to be researched in more detail. Objective - To discover consumer's, health professional's and allergen sufferers knowledge and perception of changes to food label regulations by Food Standards Australia ...
Wahlqvist M L - - 2003
To be fit as we age could be described as "Age fitness". Increasing evidence points to opportunities for greater wellness, health maintenance and reduction of the burden of disease in later life for a growing proportion of the community than previously envisaged. The scope of "age fitness" is social, mental, ...
Manning Jared - - 2003
Tea (Camellia sinensis) contains numerous polyphenolic flavonoid-derived compounds known as catechins, which have shown interesting protective activity against cancer and cardiovascular disease. Numerous products based on tea are commercially available, many of which claim to contain specific amounts of the bioactive catechins. The catechin content of seven commercial green tea ...
Ryszka Florian - - 2002
A complex coacervation method was used to prepare microcapsules containing 74.8 +/- 1.5% of the 125I labelled dalarelin incorporated in the gelatine-algin coating. Microcapsules (62 +/- 1.7%) formed, did not exceed a size of 108 microm. The high content of the small size allowed this formulation to be administered by ...
Learmount Jane - - 2002
A strategy for house fly (Musca domestica L.) control in intensive animal units in the United Kingdom was proposed by the Pesticide Safety Directorate (PSD) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food in 1993. An advice leaflet was circulated to farmers, and label recommendations for insecticides used to control ...
Hugenholtz Jeroen - - 2002
Over the past few years a number of new food ingredients labelled as being nutraceuticals have been launched on the food and pharmaceutical market. These include components that have a proven beneficial effect on human health, such as low-calorie sugars and B vitamins. Lactic acid bacteria, in particular Lactococcus lactis, ...
Egan Judith A - - 2002
To study its mechanism of antimalarial action, a tritium labelled analogue of (+/-)-chloroquine was required at high specific activity. Two synthetic methods were successfully employed. [3-3H] (+/-)-Chloroquine 2 was prepared by the catalytic tritium dehalogenation of an iodo precursor and [N-ethyl-3H] (+/-)-chloroquine 4 was synthesized by the alkylation of (+/-)-desethylchloroquine ...
Horgen Katherine Battle - - 2002
This study examines the feasibility and effectiveness of an environmental intervention for improving diet by comparing the impact of health messages, lowered prices, and their combination on the purchase of healthy food items in a restaurant. Price decreases alone, rather than a combination of price decreases and health messages, were ...
Stephen Alison M - - 2002
Health claims linking foods and food components to disease are prohibited in Canada because of limitations of the Food and Drugs Act. Changes to the Act to permit such claims would require a Bill to Parliament, a lengthy and impractical solution. In this paper, an alternative approach is proposed, that ...
Kondo Jeffrey K - - 2002
Breakthroughs in science and technology are accelerating development of new products that are impacting our regulatory systems. Genetically modified or bioengineering plant varieties have entered the food supply on a global basis, especially in the U.S. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration regulates on the premise of 'substantial equivalence' and ...
Rietjens Ivonne M C M - - 2002
Natural antioxidants like vitamin C, vitamin E, carotenoids, and polyphenols like flavonoids, are at present generally considered to be beneficial components from fruit and vegetables. The anti-oxidative properties of these compounds are often claimed to be responsible for various beneficial health effects of these food ingredients. Together these studies provide ...
Bast Aalt - - 2002
Antioxidants are used on a very large scale to try to obtain and preserve optimal health. Nutraceuticals and food supplements frequently contain huge dosages of antioxidants. It is not generally recognised that high intake of antioxidants may also have adverse effects. Three antioxidants i.e. vitamin E, β-carotene and lipoic acid ...
Slater C - - 2002
This paper was presented in poster form at the 17th International Congress of Nutrition, August 27-31, Vienna, Austria (Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism 2001; 45(Suppl.1):349). Some of the data were also presented in poster form at the British Society of Gastroenterology Meeting, March 18-21, Glasgow, UK (Gut 2001; 48(Suppl.1):A91). The ...
Joshi Preeti - - 2002
BACKGROUND: To avoid allergic reactions, food-allergic consumers depend on the ingredient labels of commercial products. Complex ingredient terminology (eg, casein and whey for milk) and label ambiguities (eg, natural flavor and may contain peanut ) might compromise the ability of patients/parents to determine the safety of particular products. OBJECTIVE: The ...
Terpstra Melissa - - 2002
Spectral editing of the GABA spin system is hampered by coediting of macromolecule (MM) coherences. To reduce contamination arising from MMs in spectra edited for GABA, the highest field strength currently available for human experimentation (7 Tesla) and MEGA-based editing were used. Despite judicious choice of experimental parameters, MM contamination ...
Coussement P A A - - 2002
Providing sufficient scientific data to be able to make 'health related claims' on foods is quite a challenge. But bringing these claims successfully to the consumer is perhaps an even bigger challenge. Especially when the claims are based on the function of the intestinal tract, as this is a subject ...
Brodmann Peter D - - 2002
Quantitative detection methods are needed for enforcement of the recently introduced labeling threshold for genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in food ingredients. This labeling threshold, which is set to 1% in the European Union and Switzerland, must be applied to all approved GMOs. Four different varieties of maize are approved in ...
Dolnikowski Gregory G. - - 2002
The ability to intrinsically label plant constituents with stable isotopes has the potential to advance the study of vitamin K-absorption and metabolism in humans. Broccoli, a primary food source of phylloquinone (VK-1), was grown hydroponically using 31 atom % deuterium oxide in order to label VK-1 within the food matrix. ...
Harvey Linda J - - 2002
The objective of the present study was to investigate the validity of using holmium as a faecal marker in a copper absorption study using a highly enriched (65)Cu stable isotope label. Ten volunteers (nine female, one male) aged 24-55 years were recruited from the Norwich area to take part in ...
Liebler-Tenorio E M - - 2002
The role of colostral immunoglobulins for the protection of newborn calves has been studied extensively, but little is known about the importance of colostral leukocytes. To study the uptake of colostral leukocytes in the intestine of calves and to determine preferential sites for this uptake, FITC-labelled colostral cells derived from ...
Lähteenmäki, Liisa
European consumers, in general, have negative attitudes towards the use of gene technology in food production. The objective of this study was to examine whether taste and health benefits influence the acceptability of genetically modified (gm) products when they are presented as real product alternatives. Consumers in Denmark, Finland, Norway ...
Curran Margaret A - - 2002
Australia New Zealand Food Authority (ANZFA) is a bi-national government agency forming a partnership between all of Australia's States and Territories and the New Zealand government. Australia New Zealand Food Authority employs scientific, legal policy, communication and administrative staff in our Australia and New Zealand offices. Prior to 1991 each ...
Shimizu Toshio - - 2002
The Japanese government enacted a new regulatory system called 'Foods with health claims' in April 2001, which consists of 'Foods for Specified Health Use' (FOSHU) and 'Foods with Nutrient Function Claims' (FNFC). The FOSHU was set up by the Ministry of Health and Welfare in 1991 to approve descriptions on ...
Roberts D C K - - 2002
The development of useful and accurate biomarkers for predicting outcomes of food based interventions is becoming more and more important, given the emphasis being placed on ingredients in foods contributing to disease risk reduction and optimal health promotion. With the human genome now laid bare, opportunities abound to barcode individuals ...
Van den Wijngaart Annoek W E M - - 2002
Nutrition labels describe the nutrient content of a food and are intended to guide the consumer in food selection. The nutrition information provided must be selected on the basis of consistency with dietary recommendations. Selection of the specific nutrients or food components to be listed should further take into account ...
Tee E-Siong - - 2002
This review includes the situation of nutrition labelling and claims in six countries in South-East Asia: Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. With the exception of Malaysia, there is no mandatory nutrition labelling requirements for foods in these countries except for special categories of foods and when nutritional claims ...
Greene H L - - 2001
Government, academia, and the food industry can play a significant role in the identification of healthy foods and ingredients important for weight management and health. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration developed regulations that define specific food categories for weight management and health. These categories include foods for special dietary ...
Tsuda M - - 2001
The biosynthetic origins of amphidinoide B (1) were investigated on the basis of 13C-NMR data of 13C-enriched samples obtained by feeding experiments with [1-(13)C], [2-(13)C], and [1,2-(13)C2] sodium acetates in cultures of a dinoflagellate Amphidinium sp. These incorporation patterns suggested that 1 was generated from three successive polyketide chains, an ...
Goodyear-Smith F - - 2001
Genetic modification involves the insertion of genes from other organisms (within or between species) into host cells to select for desirable qualities. Potential benefits of GM foods include increased nutritional value; reduced allergenicity; pest and disease-resistance; and enhanced processing value. Possible detrimental outcomes include producing foods with novel toxins, allergens ...
Rinne O J - - 2001
The aim of this study was to compare two PET ligands, 6-[(18)F]fluoro-L-dopa ([(18)F]FDOPA) and (18)F-labeled CFT, 2beta-carbomethoxy-3beta-(4-[(18)F]-fluorophenyl)tropane ([(18)F]CFT), in detecting presynaptic dopaminergic hypofunction in early Parkinson's disease (PD). These ligands reflect different aspects of presynaptic dopaminergic function, since [(18)F]FDOPA mainly reflects 6-[(18)F]fluorodopamine (fluorodopamine) synthesis and storage whereas [(18)F]CFT uptake is ...
Hey G H - - 2001
So far there are worldwide no legal instruments in protecting people against adverse allergic reactions to the consumption of foods. Instruments, which generally were developed for health protection in food legislation, are not suitable to regulate the protection of allergic persons because they automatically would exclude all protein-containing foods from ...
Stacewicz-Sapuntzakis M - - 2001
Prunes are dried plums, fruits of Prunus domestica L., cultivated and propagated since ancient times. Most dried prunes are produced from cultivar d'Agen, especially in California and France, where the cultivar originated. After harvest, prune-making plums are dehydrated in hot air at 85 to 90 degrees C for 18 h, ...
Howlett J F - - 2001
Legislation is described that impacts on the use of low-digestible carbohydrates in foods. This includes controls on the use of these carbohydrates, mandatory labeling concerned with gastrointestinal effects, nutrition labeling, and nutrition and other claims. Regional differences in approach to legislation have led to inconsistencies in the information that must ...
Flarend R - - 2001
Aluminium chlorohydrate (ACH), the active ingredient in many antiperspirants, was labeled with the radioisotope 26Al. The labeled ACH was then fractionated into about 100 samples using gel filtration chromatography. Each fraction was analyzed for 26Al and total aluminium content. Aluminium-26 was only detected in the fractions that also contained aluminium, ...
Bonenberger T E - - 2001
Immunostaining with polyclonal anti-Mycobacterium bovis (BCG) was evaluated as a single screening method for the histological identification of micro-organisms in skin biopsy specimens from various veterinary species. Confirmed archival cases infected with Mycobacteria, Nocardia, Actinobacillus, Actinomyces, Streptococcus/Staphylococcus, Dermatophilus, spirochetes, Blastomyces, Coccidioides, Cryptococcus, Histoplasma, dermatophytes, Malassezia, Sporothrix, Leishmania, Pythium, phaeohyphomycetes and ...
Rayner M - - 2001
The objective of this research was to examine how consumers use health-related food endorsements on food labels. Three endorsement programs were examined: those of the two major retailers in the United Kingdom, Tesco and Sainsbury's, and the "Pick the Tick" program of the National Heart Foundation of Australia. The main ...
Swift D - - 2001
Laboratory experiments were carried out to study bioaccumulation and determine a concentration factor (CF) for technetium (95mTc) in the homarid crustacean Nephrops norvegicus L. The steady state CF for accumulation from seawater was estimated to be about 2,000 and the biological half-time was about 50 days. The highest tissue Tc ...
Lomer M C - - 2000
Titanium dioxide is a common food additive of increasing interest in dietary intake studies and dietary exclusion studies. Food labelling for titanium dioxide is imprecise so a method was developed for its rapid determination in foods using acid digestion and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICPOES). Twenty-five foods thought ...
Harris I M - - 2000
Dietary supplements are commonly used, and many are effective or hold promise for treating various conditions. However, they do not require Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval. Impurities and adulterants have been found in the products, mostly due to the lack of requirements for good manufacturing practices. In addition, as ...
Goldman K A - - 2000
The safety and labeling of genetically engineered foods are two areas that have elicited considerable public concern and debate. This Policy Forum provides a legal analysis of these issues in the context of two bills that have been recently proposed in The U.S. Congress, the Genetically Engineered Food Safety Act ...
- - 2000
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is revoking its regulations codifying the agency's decision not to authorize the use of health claims for four substance-disease relationships in the labeling of foods, including dietary supplements: Dietary fiber and cancer, antioxidant vitamins and cancer, omega-3 fatty acids and coronary heart disease, and ...
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