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Salmenkallio-Marttila, Marjatta
International Food & Health Innovation Conference (IFHIC 2006). Malmö, Sweden, 25 - 27 Oct. 2006, Abstract 27
Henry Rebecca - - 2006
The bacterial pathogen Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) evades the antimicrobial mechanisms of macrophages by escaping from vacuoles to the cytosol, through the action of the cytolysin listeriolysin O (LLO). Because of heterogeneities in the timing and efficiency of escape, important questions about the contributions of LLO to Lm vacuole identity and ...
Oshika Tetsuro - - 2006
An 82-year-old woman with age-related cataract and high myopia had uneventful phacoemulsification and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Preoperative visual acuity was 20/60 with -16.00 -3.00 x 70 and axial length was 29.29 mm. An IOL (MA60MA, Alcon) of +5.0 diopters (D) was selected with target refraction of -1.5 D. The ...
Tam Jennifer W - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To sample dietary supplements (DS) labeled as ephedra-free to evaluate whether products met their labeling claim. METHODS: One control DS product containing ephedra alkaloids and 29 DS labeled as ephedra-free were purchased from various retail locations in San Francisco. All products were sent to the California Department of Health ...
Williams Peter - - 2006
Australia and New Zealand are currently reviewing the regulations governing nutrition function, health and related claims on foods. Health claims currently are not permitted on food labels, with one exception. The aim of this study was to describe the use of such claims on packaged food for sale in Australia ...
Koren Gideon - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study tested the hypothesis that while there are no written medical claims existing for many NHP, such claims are made verbally, giving a false impression that these are proven medical products. OBJECTIVE: To compare the number and type of verbal claims for NHP made by pharmacists to those ...
Rønning Sissel Beate - - 2005
We report the development of an oligonucleotide microarray for the simultaneous detection of six important cereal food plant species from the Poaceae based on the chloroplast trnL intron sequence. We used universal primers to amplify the trnL intron from wheat, rye, barley, oat, rice, and maize, followed by a cyclic ...
Simons Elinor - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Food allergic consumers depend on ingredient labels for allergen avoidance, and the modality of labeling is changing. OBJECTIVE: To investigate current responses to food labels so that the impact of future label changes can be anticipated. METHODS: Adults who attended Food Allergy & Anaphylaxis Network conferences completed a survey ...
Piney D - - 2005
Many active ingredients and excipients present in allopathic drugs derive from food allergens normally associated with compulsory food labelling. This study was undertaken to evaluate the presence of these components in the various pharmaceutical formulations of the 50 highest-selling drugs in French pharmacies in 2002 (in quantity and/or value), and ...
Persson Mikael - - 2005
PURPOSE: The new antibody pertuzumab (Omnitarg) targets the dimerisation subdomain of HER-2. The purpose of this study was to analyse whether pertuzumab retains HER-2 targeting capacity after labelling with the therapeutically interesting beta emitter (177)Lu and to make initial characterizations in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Pertuzumab was conjugated with ...
Hsieh Hung-Te - - 2005
Spatial gratings are recorded holographically by two femtosecond pump pulses at 388 nm in lithium niobate (LiNbO3) crystals and read out by a Bragg-matched, temporally delayed probe pulse at 776 nm. We claim, to our knowledge, the first holographic pump-probe experiments with subpicosecond temporal resolution for LiNbO3. An instantaneous grating ...
Liers C - - 2006
Two wood-dwelling ascomycetes, Xylaria hypoxylon and Xylaria polymorpha, were isolated from rotting beech wood. Lignin degradation was studied following the mineralization of a synthetic [formula: see text]-labelled lignin in solid and liquid media. Approximately 9% of the synthetic lignin was mineralized by X. polymorpha during the growth on beech wood ...
Wuest F - - 2005
Positron emission tomography (PET) is a medical imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron emitting radioisotopes to obtain functional information of physiological, biochemical and pharmacological processes in vivo. The need to understand the potential link between the ingestion of individual dietary agents and the effect of health promotion or ...
Philipson Tomas - - 2005
The Food and Drug Administration acknowledges the severity of the obesity epidemic. The Food and Drug Administration recognizes the importance of food labeling as a vehicle for dietary messages and, thus, enforces stringent guidelines to maintain the integrity of the food label. As food labels await another upgrade to make ...
Kasper Martina - - 2005
Nepsilon-carboxymethyllysine (CML) is among the most often studied advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in foods and medicine, and several pathways have been suggested for its formation. Based on the results of model studies using glucose labeled with carbon-13 in different positions, a new pathway is proposed for CML formation without ...
Clauson Kevin A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The dietary supplement willow bark, also known simply as willow, contains salicylates that may present a safety risk to people. Current regulations do not require willow bark to include any cautions on its label. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the absence or presence of label warnings related to salicylates contained in ...
Waterhouse Andrew L - - 2005
Polyphenolics are a large group of related substances. Many of these, in fact much of that found in food, is composed of processing-derived substances too complex for complete identification. Recent studies have suggested likely benefits for diets high in polyphenols, particular in reducing heart disease mortality, but other benefits have ...
Harvey L J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine copper absorption from copper containing foods labelled either intrinsically or extrinsically with a highly enriched Cu-65 stable isotope label. DESIGN: A longitudinal cross-over study. SETTING: The study was conducted at the Institute of Food Research, Human Nutrition Unit, Norwich, UK. SUBJECTS: Subjects were recruited locally via advertisements ...
Satia Jessie A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Reading nutrition labels on food packages may improve food choices and enable healthful dietary practices. This report describes the prevalence of nutrition label use and its association with demographic, behavioral, and psychological factors and diet among African-American adults. DESIGN/SUBJECTS: Self-reported data from a population-based cross-sectional survey of 658 African ...
Turner R Elaine - - 2005
Consumers are confronted with a vast array of food and dietary supplement products claiming to improve health, manage conditions, and reduce disease risks. Most consumers are unaware of the legal requirements, regulatory processes, and scientific evaluation that underlie these label statements. Labeling for foods and dietary supplements is regulated by ...
Cowburn Gill - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To explore published and unpublished research into consumer understanding and use of nutrition labelling which is culturally applicable in Europe. DESIGN: A systematic review undertaken between July 2002 and February 2003. RESULTS: One hundred and three papers were identified that reported on consumer understanding or use of nutrition labelling, ...
Moriyama Tatsuya - - 2005
Soybean (Glycine max L.) storage proteins are composed of two major components, beta-conglycinin and glycinin, corresponding to 7S and 11S globulins, respectively. Recently, soybean beta-conglycinin (7S globulin) has been reported to show beneficial functions in animals and human. To date, there is no method for the precise quantification of soybean ...
Chan C - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To explore the beliefs and attitudes of Australian consumers to claims about fat made on the labels of packaged food. DESIGN: Content analysis of transcripts from focus group discussions. SUBJECTS: A total of 26 female and 10 male participants aged 20-80 y, recruited by advertisement into six focus groups, ...
Basketter David A - - 2005
The Technical Committee of Classification and Labelling dealing with harmonized classification of substances and classification criteria under Directive 67/548/EEC on behalf of the European Commission nominated an expert group on skin sensitization in order to investigate further the possibility for potency consideration of skin sensitizers for future development of the ...
Wilson R C - - 2005
Uptake and depuration experiments of (131)I from labelled seaweed (Chondrus crispus) by the edible periwinkle Littorina littorea have been performed. Radioiodine concentrations in winkles during uptake followed first-order kinetics with an uptake half-time of 1 day, and a calculated equilibrium concentration (C(infinity)) of 21 000 Bq kg(-1) resulting in a ...
Mills E N C - - 2004
As the current treatment for food allergy involves dietary exclusion of the problem food, information for food-allergic consumers provided on food labels about the nature of allergenic ingredients is important to the management of their condition. The members of an EU-funded networking project, InformAll, focusing on developing strategies for the ...
Lin Chung-Tung Jordan - - 2004
Nutrition labels on food packages are designed to promote and protect public health by providing nutrition information so that consumers can make informed dietary choices. High levels of total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol in diets are linked to increased blood cholesterol levels and a greater risk of heart disease. ...
Conway Joan M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of label weights as surrogates for actual weights in commercial portion-controlled foods used in a research setting. DESIGN: Actual weights of replicate samples of 82 portion-controlled food items and 17 discrete units of food from larger packaging were determined ...
Miraglia M - - 2004
Both labelling and traceability of genetically modified organisms are current issues that are considered in trade and regulation. Currently, labelling of genetically modified foods containing detectable transgenic material is required by EU legislation. A proposed package of legislation would extend this labelling to foods without any traces of transgenics. These ...
Chamberlain Kerry - - 2004
In this article I consider the changing context and constitution of food in contemporary society, and the variety of ways it is bound up in health, identity and social relations. In particular, I briefly discuss the position of food in health, illness, embodiment, and the ways that food is becoming ...
Rafter Joseph - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The role of dietary factors in the aetiology of human cancer is an area, which has attracted intense interest in recent years. The suggestion that approximately one third of all cancers may be caused by an 'inappropriate' balance of food components has led to the attractive contention that we ...
Fitzpatrick Kelley C - - 2004
The Canadian Food and Drugs Act and Regulations, through its definitions of food and drug, currently restricts health-related claims for foods, food ingredients, and natural health products (NHPs). Over the past few decades, scientific research has led to a large body of information that demonstrates the benefits for health of ...
Rayner Mike - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This paper provides the rationale for the Guideline Daily Amounts (GDAs) for fat, saturated fat and other nutrients that appear on food labels in the UK. These GDAs are provided voluntarily by manufacturers and retailers and were developed to help people make better use of nutrition labelling--the format of ...
Legault Lori - - 2004
The food label is an important tool for improving the public's understanding of the health benefits of following a nutritious diet. The Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has continued to study food labels with its Food Label and Package Survey ...
Humble Gail - - 2004
Sculptra (poly-L-lactic acid) as of August 2004 has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as the first injectable facial volumizer in the treatment of lipoatrophy. Lipoatrophy is often seen in HIV-positive patients and is felt to be multifactorial. This article reviews European and U.S. clinical study data ...
Carr M A - - 2004
In this study, a multi-city, retail consumer survey was used to determine whether marinating in calcium chloride at 72 h postmortem improves consumer and trained sensory panel evaluations of beef loin steaks, Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF) values, and the value of CaCl2 marinades to improve tenderness in a national consumer ...
Steenhuis I - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: This article describes the process evaluation of two environmental programmes and an educational nutrition programme, implemented at supermarkets and worksite cafeterias. Studies conducted earlier, indicated that the programmes had no effect on consumers' eating behaviour. Consequently, the more specific purpose of the present study was to identify explanations for ...
Reid Robert D - - 2004
A conceptual model was proposed and tested in order to link attitudinal and awareness factors that might explain changes in food purchase behaviours and dietary patterns related to the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada's Health Check food information program. Two hundred food shoppers completed a survey inquiring about demographics, ...
Wheeler T L - - 2004
The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy and repeatability of untrained laboratory consumer panelists in detecting differences in beef longissimus tenderness. At 14 d postmortem, slice shear force was measured on one steak from 192 strip loins and used to select 54 strip loins and assign 18 ...
Macon Janet F - - 2004
This study examined older Americans' use of food labels as a tool to moderate dietary risk factors for heart disease. Data from the USDA's Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individual (CSFII) 1994- 96 and the Diet and Health Knowledge Survey (DHKS) from 2,846 respondents aged 51 years and older ...
Scheidt Douglas M - - 2004
This article describes a ratio of recommended to restricted food components (RRR) designed to provide consumers with a summary of food label information to guide healthful, single-item food selections. As a ratio, RRR is interpreted such that better foods score over 1.0. The potential usefulness of the ratio is illustrated ...
- - 2004
On the 7. November 2003 a new regulation was enforced in the states of the EU to govern the authorisation and labelling of genetically modified food in standardized and legally binding form. Raw materials from GM crops now have to feature in the list of ingredients of the end products. ...
Buzalaf Marília Afonso Rabelo - - 2003
Chocolate bars and chocolate cookies are foodstuffs highly appreciated by children. The possibility of having fluorine (F) among their components, associated with an excessive consumption, may make them decisive contributors to the total daily F intake. Thus, they could participate in the establishment of dental fluorosis. The aim of this ...
- - 2003
On April 17, 2002, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved a new label for the use of Cytotec (misoprostol) during pregnancy. The new labeling does not contain claims regarding the efficacy and/or safety of Cytotec when it is used for cervical ripening for the induction of labor nor does ...
Obayashi Saori - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To test the reliability and validity of scales on nutrition knowledge, social-psychological factors, and use of food labels developed from the 1995 Diet and Health Knowledge Survey (DHKS) questions. DESIGN: The 1995 DHKS questions within a section were pooled together as a scale and their reliability and validity were ...
Nielsen Jeppe Lund - - 2003
A technique based on quantitative microautoradiography (QMAR) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was developed and evaluated in order to determine the quantitative uptake of specific substrates in probe-defined filamentous bacteria directly in a complex system. The technique, QMAR-FISH, has a resolution of a single cell and is based on ...
Richardson David P - - 2003
Wholegrain foods are important sources of nutrients and phyto-protective components, which are in short supply in many member states of the EU, including the UK. Encouraging the public to increase consumption of wholegrain foods is a positive health message that has critical public health implications. In February 2002 the UK ...
Brown J Lynne - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether perceived benefit alters personal risk perception associated with eating genetically engineered soybeans, consumer desire for labeling, preferred phrase on a label symbol, and desired information in an educational brochure. DESIGN: Comparison of responses of two consumer groups who completed one of two survey versions. SUBJECTS/SETTINGS: One ...
Williams Peter - - 2003
The aim of this study was to describe the use of nutrition and related claims on packaged food for sale in Australia and measure the compliance of such claims with regulations governing their use. A survey was conducted of the labelling of 6662 products in 40 different food categories on ...
Sullivan Ann D - - 2003
A facilitated group discussion approach was used to explore how a group of eight low-income consumers perceive, understand, and use the current food label for food-shopping decisions. Meeting for one hour on three consecutive weeks in a community facility, the group discussed the total food package, the ingredient list alone ...
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