Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 533
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Scholliers Peter - - 2008
Nowadays, safe food is at the centre of concern of governments, scientists and the public. This essay surveys the social implications of this concern, and particularly addresses the question how historical wisdom may contribute to present-day understanding of food scares. After reminding briefly of social implications of today's food fears, ...
Saldanha Leila G - - 2008
The US Congress has granted the Food and Drug Administration the authority to permit manufacturers to use claims in food labels that fit into the following broad categories: health claims, structure/function claims, nutrient content claims, and dietary guidance messages. This article outlines the scope and evolution of these claims and ...
Heimbach James T - - 2008
Manufacturers wish to communicate the benefits of probiotics in advertising and labeling with lawful and adequately substantiated claims. Regulatory and substantiation requirements differ for products intended to cure, treat, prevent, or mitigate a disease; to reduce a healthy individual's risk of developing a disease; or to affect the structure or ...
Paravolidaki, Chrysoula
Currently, the labeling of functional food products is highly regulated in Canada. Although certain nutrient content claims and five generic health claims have been allowed, the inability to make additional nutrient content and health claims decreases functional food firms incentives to produce and commercialize new and healthy food products. This, ...
Takase Luiz Fernando - - 2008
To analyze the differential recruitment of the raphe nuclei during different phases of feeding behavior, rats were subjected to a food restriction schedule (food for 2 h/day, during 15 days). The animals were submitted to different feeding conditions, constituting the experimental groups: search for food (MFS), food ingestion (MFI), satiety ...
Signal Louise - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In New Zealand the burden of nutrition-related disease is greatest among Māori, Pacific and low-income peoples. Nutrition labels have the potential to promote healthy food choices and eating behaviours. To date, there has been a noticeable lack of research among indigenous peoples, ethnic minorities and low-income populations regarding their ...
Harnack Lisa J - - 2008
Eating away from home has increased in prevalence among US adults and now comprises about 50% of food expenditures. Calorie labeling on chain restaurant menus is one specific policy that has been proposed to help consumers make better food choices at restaurants. The present review evaluates the available empirical literature ...
Sakai Shinobu - - 2008
The labeling of foods containing material derived from crustaceans such as shrimp and crab is to become mandatory in Japan because of increases in the number of allergy patients. To ensure proper labeling, 2 novel sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits for the determination of crustacean protein in processed foods, ...
Lenhart Jenna - - 2008
Point-of-purchase safety-based labeling guidance on the proper storage and handling of refrigerated ready-to-eat (RTE) meat and poultry products could help reduce the risk of listeriosis. Seniors and pregnant women are two population groups at increased risk of listeriosis due to suppressed or compromised immune systems. We conducted 11 focus groups ...
Pele Maria - - 2007
Accidental exposure to hazelnut or peanut constitutes a real threat to the health of allergic consumers. Correct information regarding food product ingredients is of paramount importance for the consumer, thereby reducing exposure to food allergens. In this study, 569 cookies and chocolates on the European market were purchased. All products ...
Gobbin Davide - - 2007
Southern Switzerland has a long tradition of chestnut cultivation as a staple food. Local inhabitants constantly selected varieties according to the ripening period, the type of use, and the adaptability to the territory. As a result, the panorama of chestnut varieties is very complex, as reflected by more than 120 ...
Ares Gastón - - 2008
The aim of the present work was to study the influence of context, particularly the stage of the decision-making process (purchase vs consumption stage), on sensory shelf life of minimally processed lettuce. Leaves of butterhead lettuce were placed in common polypropylene bags and stored at 5, 10 and 15 degrees ...
Ricciardi L - - 2007
A 34-year-old woman referred episodes of gastrointestinal disorders and sometimes angioedema of the lips which appeared within 2 hours from the ingestion of packed food like biscuits, cereals or fruit juice. A patch test with the standard European series and with food preservatives was positive for fragrances mix. The avoidance ...
Drichoutis Andreas C - - 2008
Due in part to increasing diet-related health problems caused, among others, by obesity, nutritional labelling has been considered important, mainly because it can provide consumers with information that can be used to make informed and healthier food choices. Several studies have focused on the empirical perspective of nutritional label use. ...
Edlich R F - - 2007
'Organic' is a labelling term that denotes products produced under the authority of the Organic Foods Production Act. Before a product can be labelled 'organic', a government-approved certifier inspects the farm where the food is grown to make sure the farmer is following all the rules necessary to meet the ...
Rashid Mohsin M Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada. - - 2007
The treatment of celiac disease is a strict adherence to a gluten-free diet for life. In the past, oats were considered to be toxic to individuals with celiac disease and were not allowed in a gluten-free diet. However, recent evidence suggests that oats that are pure and uncontaminated with other ...
Beltran Alicia - - 2008
Food search in a computerized 24h dietary recall (24hdr) for children should be easiest when the categories reflect children's categorization of foods, in contrast to professional categories. This study assessed how 8-13 year old children categorized and labeled mixed foods (e.g. fried rice, lasagna), and how these were influenced by ...
Leathwood Peter D - - 2007
Provided that they are scientifically substantiated, nutrition and health (NH) claims linked to food products can help consumers make well-informed food choices. The new European legislation on NH claims made on foods entered into force on 19 January 2007. The law sets out conditions for their use, establishes a system ...
Schickenberg B - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess participants' acquaintance with and willingness to try healthful food alternatives, and to test the psychometric properties of an adapted Dutch version of the Food Neophobia Scale (FNS) in order to study the role of food neophobia in this context. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study incorporating two web-based questionnaires, ...
van Kleef Ellen - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: In light of the emerging obesity pandemic, front-of-pack calories labels may be an important tool to assist consumers in making informed healthier food choices. However, there is little prior research to guide key decisions on whether caloric content should be expressed in absolute terms or relative to recommended daily ...
Cornelisse-Vermaat Judith R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent changes in European food safety legislation have resulted in the implementation of statutory requirements regarding the traceability and labelling of 12 food allergens. This article describes research conducted to establish if current food labelling practices are perceived to be adequate by food-allergic consumers, and whether further policy changes ...
Hefle Susan L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Foods with advisory labeling (eg, "may contain") are increasingly prevalent. Consumers with food allergies might ignore advisory labeling advice. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether consumers with food allergy heeded advisory labels and whether products with advisory labels contained detectable peanut allergen. METHODS: Surveys (n = 625 in 2003 ...
Billova S - - 2007
The processing of many peptides for their maturation in target tissue depends upon the presence of sorting receptor. Several previous studies have predicted that carboxypeptidase-E (CPE), prohormone convertase 1 (PC1) and prohormone convertase 2 (PC2) may function as sorting elements for somatostatin (SST) for its maturation and processing to appropriate ...
Lando Amy M - - 2007
To understand consumer (1) interest in nutrition information on food labels and quick-service restaurant menu boards and (2) reactions to modifying this information to help highlight calories and more healthful choices. Eight consumer focus groups, using a guide and stimuli. Focus group discussions in 4 US cities. A total of ...
Kwok James T - - 2007
Single-class minimax probability machines (MPMs) offer robust novelty detection with distribution-free worst case bounds on the probability that a pattern will fall inside the normal region. However, in practice, they are too cautious in labeling patterns as outlying and so have a high false negative rate (FNR). In this paper, ...
Reiter David - - 2007
Use of Food and Drug Administration-approved medications and products for other than the approved indications is common in facial plastic surgery and violates no laws. Addressing practical concerns about such use strengthens the doctor-patient relationship and can minimize the risk of successful allegations of negligence in the event of untoward ...
Yoshiike Nobuo - - 2007
The Dietary Guidelines for Japanese, released in 2000, provides the basics of a healthy diet for the people of Japan. In July 2005, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan jointly released a new pictorial guide, The Japanese Food Guide ...
Mhurchu Cliona Ni - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine how well consumers use and understand nutrition labels and claims in New Zealand and Australia. METHOD: A review was undertaken of the literature on nutrition labelling in New Zealand and Australia published up to the end of July 2005. Major electronic databases were searched for appropriate literature ...
Oakes Michael E - - 2007
Many food scholars have suggested that popular media messages impact perceptions of foods. In the present study, experimental participants watched a disparaging video clip concerning McDonald's foods as well as a ruse video clip, then were asked to evaluate the healthfulness of 33 named foods as well as their nutrient ...
Kunkel Dale - - 2007
Children regularly consume low-nutrient, high-calorie food that is not consistent with a healthful diet, contributing to an increasing epidemic of overweight and obesity. Among the multiple causes of this problem is the food industry's emphasis on marketing calorie-dense food products to children. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) has recommended that ...
Pagot Yves - - 2007
The occurrence of styrene in food may be an important aroma defect (celluloid odour), even at very low concentrations (Miltz et al. 1980) causing consumer rejection and is therefore a problem for the food industry. We examined the biosynthetic pathway leading to styrene formation by Penicillium camemberti using labelled compounds. ...
Schneeman Barbara - - 2007
Under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act health claims on foods or dietary supplements must be authorized by the FDA. Health claims describe the relationship between a food, food component, or dietary supplement and reducing the risk of a disease or health-related condition. Under interim guidance and enforcement discretion, ...
- - 2007
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending its food labeling regulations for the expanded use of the nutrient content claim "lean" on the labels of foods categorized as "mixed dishes not measurable with a cup" that meet certain criteria for total fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol content. This final ...
Wilson R C - - 2007
Uptake and depuration of (131)I into winkles through consumption of the diatom Skeletonema costatum is described. The work follows on from previous studies that investigated the uptake of iodine into winkles from seawater and seaweed. Incorporation of (131)I in S. costatum from labelled seawater followed linear first-order kinetics with an ...
Yates Allison A - - 2007
Many countries such as The Republic of Korea have established their own nutritional standards, collectively termed Nutrient Reference Values(NRVs), and they vary due to the science which was reviewed, the purposes for which they are developed, and issues related to nutrition and food policy in the country. The current effort ...
Rothman Russell L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Comprehension of food labels can be important for patients, including those with chronic illness, to help follow dietary recommendations. Patient comprehension of food labels was examined, along with the relationship of comprehension to their underlying literacy and numeracy skills. METHODS: From June 2004 to April 2005, a cross-sectional study ...
Antonuk Beth - - 2006
Increasing serving sizes have been identified as contributors to the obesity epidemic. Researchers suggest that consumers are in need of cues that provide norms for the appropriate amount of food to consume. The impact of one potential cue, the provision of nutritional information for a single serving as well as ...
Colón-Ramos Uriyoán - - 2006
Data on the effects of recent industrial modifications that reduced the trans fatty acid (TFA) content in food supplies are scarce. In this study, incident cases (n = 1797) of a first nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI) were matched with population controls (n = 1797) for age, sex, and area of ...
Faeste C K - - 2006
Allergy to hazelnut is one of the most prevalent causes of severe food-allergic reactions in Norway, as recorded by The Norwegian National Reporting System and Register of Severe Allergic Reactions to Food. In the majority of the reported cases, there is "hidden", unlabelled hazelnut protein in processed foods like chocolate, ...
Krukowski Rebecca A - - 2006
This study was an investigation of the possible utility of calorie labeling legislation in restaurants in community (n=649) and college student (n=316) samples. Only 48% to 66% of participants presently looked at food labels, and 64% to 73% were able to report accurate knowledge of daily caloric needs. Furthermore, 44% ...
Hawthorne Keli M - - 2006
While much research has focused on intake and eating behaviors of young adolescents, few studies have examined their knowledge of the Nutrition Facts label. The goals of this project were to assess the understanding of Nutrition Facts labels and the response of young adolescents to an educational program about Nutrition ...
Stender Steen - - 2006
A high intake of industrially produced trans fatty acids (IP-TFA) is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), and a daily intake as low as possible is required to minimize health risks. To achieve this at the individual level in Denmark, legislation limited IP-TFA in foods to a ...
Kretser Alison J - - 2006
The food industry appreciates the complexity of applying the new Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) in labeling. The industry is prepared to update food labels to reflect new nutrient recommendations and views upcoming changes as an opportunity to harmonize nutrition information across the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005, MyPyramid.gov, and the ...
Schneeman Barbara - - 2006
The Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990--an amendment to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act--paved the way for significant changes in the labeling of foods, nutrient content, and health claims. This article gives an overview of the regulatory process used by the US Food and Drug Administration to ...
Borra Susan - - 2006
The symposium "Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) for Food Labeling" explored the scientific debate about the most appropriate DRI values to use in establishing Daily Values on food labels. An important goal of nutrition and ingredient information is to help consumers make healthful dietary choices. This summary provides highlights from recent ...
Tarasuk Valerie - - 2006
In both Canada and the United States, nutrition labeling is now mandatory for most packaged foods. The labeling is intended to help consumers select foods that can contribute to a healthful diet, but current label values are based on outdated notions of nutrient requirements. The Committee on Use of Dietary ...
Fulgoni Victor L VL - - 2006
The annual American Society for Nutritional Sciences/American Society for Clinical Nutrition Public Information Committee symposium for 2005 titled "Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) for Food Labeling" served as a platform to address the use of DRIs in food labeling, a change that could affect the processing of foods and supplements and ...
Moss Julie - - 2006
With the scientific evidence associating trans fatty acid (TFA) intake with an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a final rule that requires the declaration of the amount of TFA present in foods, including dietary supplements, on the nutrition label by ...
Leth Torben - - 2006
The content of trans fatty acids (TFA) in Danish food has been monitored for the last 30 years. In margarines and shortenings the content of TFA has steadily declined from about 10 g/100 g margarine in the seventies to practically no TFA in margarines in 1999. In order to efficiently ...
Agarwal Sanjiv - - 2006
Food labels are an important educational tool to assist consumers in making healthy food choices. In addition to mandatory nutritional labeling information, manufacturers have a variety of options on the food/supplement packages to communicate the nutrition/health benefits of their products. This paper describes the different types of claims that can ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >