Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 540
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Naylor Rosamond L - - 2010
This article analyzes international commodity price movements, assesses food policies in response to price fluctuations, and explores the food security implications of price volatility on low-income groups. It focuses specifically on measurements, causes, and consequences of recent food price trends, variability around those trends, and price spikes. Combining these three ...
Chassin Laurie - - 2010
The current study examined the association between membership in the sandwich generation, defined as providing care to both children and parents or in-laws, and five health behaviors: checking the food label for health value when buying foods, using a seat belt, choosing foods based on health value, exercising regularly, and ...
Ellis Sonya - - 2010
Purpose: Consumers' use and interpretation of trans fat information on food labels were explored. Methods: Consumers completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire in one of three grocery stores selected purposively to represent geographical location. Data analysis involved examining the relationship of age, gender, grocery shopping habits, household size, and source of nutrition ...
Oyeyipo I P - - 2010
The effects of high calcium diet on body weight in OC treated rats are unknown. This study therefore investigated the effect of increasing dietary calcium from 0.9% to 2.5% on body weight, food ingestion, water intake, heart weight index and renal weight index in female Sprague-Dawley rats treated with a ...
Magnusson Roger S - - 2010
In Australia, the food industry and public health groups are locked in serious struggle for regulatory influence over the terms of front-of-pack food labelling. Clear, unambiguous labelling of the nutritional content of pre-packaged foods and of standardized food items sold in chain restaurants is consistent with the prevailing philosophy of ...
Roberto Christina A - - 2010
We assessed the impact of restaurant menu calorie labels on food choices and intake. Participants in a study dinner (n=303) were randomly assigned to either (1) a menu without calorie labels (no calorie labels), (2) a menu with calorie labels (calorie labels), or (3) a menu with calorie labels and ...
Aggett Peter J - - 2009
The concerted action "The process for the assessment of the scientific support for claims on foods", PASSCLAIM, proposed criteria that could provide an international yardstick for the harmonised transparent assessment of evidence submitted to support a claim for a food or food component. The evidence would be systematically appraised against ...
Holdsworth M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Implementing a European Union (EU)-wide mandatory nutrition labelling scheme has been advocated as part a multi-pronged strategy to tackle obesity. The type of scheme needs to be acceptable to all key stakeholders. This study explored stakeholders' viewpoints of labelling in two contrasting food cultures (France and the UK) to ...
Sacks Gary - - 2009
Front-of-pack 'traffic-light' nutrition labelling has been widely proposed as a tool to improve public health nutrition. This study examined changes to consumer food purchases after the introduction of traffic-light labels with the aim of assessing the impact of the labels on the 'healthiness' of foods purchased. The study examined sales ...
Elbel Brian - - 2009
We examined the influence of menu calorie labels on fast food choices in the wake of New York City's labeling mandate. Receipts and survey responses were collected from 1,156 adults at fast-food restaurants in low-income, minority New York communities. These were compared to a sample in Newark, New Jersey, a ...
Hernández-Triana Manuel - - 2009
Recommended dietary reference intakes (DRI) for energy and nutrients for the Cuban population were first established by the Nutrition and Food Hygiene Institute (INHA, its Spanish acronym) in 1996.[1] International organizations and Cuban public health research subsequently generated a considerable volume of new information on food-based energy and nutrient requirements,[2-4] ...
Pérez Raúl - - 2009
In Cuba, the responsibility for food and nutrition security is shouldered first and foremost by government. That is, government is obligated to develop and implement policies towards ensuring that the entire population has consistent access to safe and nutritious foods in sufficient quantities to satisfy daily nutritional requirements and food ...
Centi Sonia - - 2009
In this review, the current status of research in electrochemical immunosensors is considered. We primarily focus on label-free and enzyme-labeled immunosensors, and the analytical capabilities of these devices are discussed. Moreover, the use of magnetic beads as new materials for immunosensors coupled with electrochemical sensing is also described, together with ...
Leon Guerrero Rachael T - - 2009
Rice is a commonly consumed food staple for many Asian and Pacific cultures thus, nutrient enrichment of rice has the potential to increase nutrient intakes for these populations. The objective of this study was to determine the levels of enrichment nutrients (ie, thiamin, niacin, iron, and folic acid) in white ...
Lalor Fiona - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the use of nutrition and health claims on packaged foods commonly eaten in Ireland. DESIGN: An assessment of the labels of packaged food products that are commonly eaten in Ireland to determine the level of use of nutrition and health claims. Where present, the exact text of ...
Hermanussen M - - 2010
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Free amino acids affect food palatability. As information on amino acids in frequently purchased pre-packaged food is virtually absent, we analyzed free amino acid patterns of 17 frequently purchased ready-to-serve convenience food products, and compared them with the information obtained from the respective food labels. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Quantitative amino acid ...
Lewis John E JE Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Epidemiologyr and Public Health, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA. - - 2009
Because of the relation between chronic disease and poor nutritional habits, the use of food labels and adherence to dietary recommendations are important for chronic disease populations. We explored whether persons with chronic disease read nutrient information on food labels and whether they were aware of dietary guidelines. This study ...
Chu Yong H - - 2009
We examined changes in meal selection by patrons of university food-service operations when nutrition labels were provided at the point of selection. We used a quasi-experimental, single-group, interrupted time-series design to examine daily sales before, during, and after provision of point-of-selection nutrition labels. Piecewise linear regression was employed to examine ...
Rusconi M - - 2010
Cocoa beans are rich source of polyphenols, contributing about 10% of the dry weight of the whole bean and its derivative chocolate, particularly dark chocolate, is considered one of the major contributors of antioxidants to the American diet after fruits and vegetables. At present the wide variation in cocoa processing ...
Cuppen Eefje - - 2009
Most perspectives on public participation share the notion that dialogues should be open, allowing participants to articulate and evaluate different views and knowledge claims. We hypothesize that participants' evaluation of claims may be biased because participants have a preference for a particular type or source of a claim. This would ...
Piron Jennifer - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The present study examines the receptivity to and potential effects of menu labelling on food choices of low-income and minority individuals - a group often at disproportionate risk for preventable, lifestyle-related health conditions (e.g. obesity, diabetes and CVD). DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional survey to examine the knowledge, attitudes ...
Giret Nicolas - - 2009
The ability to categorize elements of the environment is a fundamental aspect of information processing. Many experiments demonstrate the ability of birds and non-human primates to classify items according to their perceptual similarities. Few data are available regarding spontaneous classification of items according to a non-perceptual account in non-human animals. ...
Noimark L - - 2009
Food avoidance remains the main strategy in prevention of anaphylaxis in children with acute food allergies. To achieve this aim, product labelling needs to be clear and accurate and parents educated on optimal avoidance measures. Food product labelling although improved often still remains ambiguous. The aim of this study was ...
Zwier Sandra - - 2009
Food advertising increasingly portrays food as a type of medicine. A content analysis of magazine food advertisements in 1990 through 2008 shows that this was manifested with time more in the (a) nutrition claims and (b) health claims made in food advertisements, as well as the (c) food groups and ...
Hager Mary H - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine what information should be included on the nutrition facts label (NFL) to improve its usefulness for individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: Our survey asked for frequency of food-label reading, use of information on the label related to specific nutrients, and perceived needs. SETTING: ...
Wills Josephine M - - 2009
In many parts of the world, food companies, consumers, and governments are re-examining the provision of nutrition information on food labels. It is important that the nutrition information provided be appropriate and understandable to the consumer and that it impact food-choice behaviors. Potentially, food labeling represents a valuable tool to ...
Siebers Robert - - 2009
AIM: Complimentary and alternative medicines are widely used but are not registered medicines. The aim of the study was to compare advice given by health food stores and pharmacists for hypertension. METHODS: Twenty-six health food stores and 26 pharmacies were visited by an individual for advise on a hypothetical problem ...
Kelly Bridget - - 2009
The placement of nutrition information on the front of food packages has been proposed as a method of providing simplified and visible nutrition information. This study aimed to determine the most acceptable and effective front-of-pack food labelling system for Australian consumers. Consumers' preferences and ability to compare the healthiness of ...
Cinar A B - - 2009
Obesity and dental caries in childhood are among the major public health concerns described as a global pandemic because of their global distribution and severe consequences. A consensus has developed as to a recently emerging and alarming common risk factor that leads to the double burden of dental caries and ...
Bragg Rebecca R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To test the quality, disintegration properties, and compliance with labeling regulations for representative commercially available taurine and carnitine dietary products. DESIGN: Evaluation study. SAMPLE POPULATION: 11 commercially available taurine and 10 commercially available carnitine products. PROCEDURES: For each product, the amount of taurine or carnitine was determined and compared ...
Pickova J - - 2009
The need of better labelling of fats in processed animal origin products is urgent. The lack of information makes it possible to exclude n-3 fatty acids in preparations of foods. The higher fat content, the higher n-6/n-3 ratio seems to be a rule. It is desirable to broaden the labelling ...
Borgmeier Ingrid - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Front of pack food labels or signpost labels are currently widely discussed as means to help consumers to make informed food choices. It is hoped that more informed food choices will result in an overall healthier diet. There is only limited evidence, as to which format of a food ...
Mantle Peter G - - 2009
Studies in the 1980s and 1990s on the origin of the indole moiety in fungal indole-diterpenoids using (14)C-labelled tryptophan consistently showed autoradiographic evidence but gave low % incorporation of the probe. Recent studies on a member of the group (nodulisporic acid A), using more specific (13)C methodology, demonstrated a role ...
Vieira Amanda A O - - 2009
Historically, scurvy has been associated with sailors of great navigational epochs. This disease has been known since ancient Egypt, but nowadays it is almost forgotten. Although its prevalence has decreased over the centuries, scurvy is still present in developed countries. A 61-year-old man was referred to hospital with a 30-day ...
Kim Woo Kyoung - - 2009
The goal of this research is to investigate the present situation for front of pack labeling in Korea and the perception of consumers for the new system of labeling, front of pack labeling, based on the consumer survey. We investigated the number of processed foods with front of pack labeling ...
Gorton Delvina - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Effective nutrition labels are part of a supportive environment that encourages healthier food choices. The present study examined the use, understanding and preferences regarding nutrition labels among ethnically diverse shoppers in New Zealand. DESIGN AND SETTING: A survey was carried out at twenty-five supermarkets in Auckland, New Zealand, between ...
Binns Nino - - 2009
The primary role of the extensive and complex modern food legislation is to protect the consumer. Providing a framework for industry and enabling free trade are secondary aims. In the EU the 2006 Regulation on nutrition and health claims made on foods was adopted in December 2006. This Regulation defines ...
Driskell Judy A - - 2008
The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the influence of the nutritional labeling Nutrition Bytes on the eating habits of adults eating in dining halls at a Midwestern university and to assess differences between sexes. Dining hall patrons (114 men, 91 women) 19 years of age or older ...
Hosokawa Kazuo - - 2009
In this paper, we report spatial distribution of laminar flow-assisted dendritic amplification (LFDA) product. LFDA is a recently invented signal amplification method dedicated to biomolecular binding events on microchannel walls. Onto the bound biomolecule, a dendritic structure is constructed by supplying two building blocks from laminar streams produced by a ...
Kolodinsky Jane - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Between January and September 2006, the authors examined when, why, if, and how nutrition labels impact food purchase decisions of college students. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 16 college-aged students at a large northeastern university. METHODS: As part of a larger study undertaken at a large northeastern university on the effect ...
Beltran Alicia - - 2008
This study assessed how 8- to 13-year-old children categorized and labeled grain foods and how these categories and labels were influenced by child characteristics. The main hypotheses were that children categorized foods in consistent ways and these food categories differed from the professional food categories. A set of 71 cards ...
Jay Melanie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Food label use is associated with better food choices, an essential part of the management of many chronic diseases. Previous studies suggest lack of comprehension of food labels. We studied a multimedia intervention to improve food label comprehension in a sample of low income patients in New York City. ...
Dzanis David A - - 2008
In the United States, pet foods are subject to regulation at both the federal and the state levels. The US Food and Drug Administration has jurisdiction over all animal feeds (including pet foods, treats, chews, supplements, and ingredients) in interstate commerce, which includes imported products. Many states adopt and enforce ...
Jin Fuxia - - 2008
Isotopic labeling of food has been widely used for the measurement of Fe absorption in determining requirements and evaluating the factors involved in Fe bioavailability. An extrinsic labeling technique will not accurately predict the total Fe absorption from foods unless complete isotopic exchange takes place between an extrinsically added isotope ...
Kitaoka Momoko - - 2008
The fluorogenic ribonuclease protection (FRIP) assay was used to detect single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in commercially produced fish products. By using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between fluorophore and quencher labeled probes, the species-specific cleavage of sample RNA was detected by measuring the fluorescence intensity during the FRIP assay. We ...
Liu Ying-Peng - - 2008
Gap junctions in the cochlear lateral wall, which consists of the stria vascularis (SV) and spiral ligament (SPL), are important for generating a positive endocochlear potential and high potassium concentration in the endolymph. In this study, the cellular expression of connexin 26 (Cx26) and Cx30 in the cochlear lateral wall ...
Przyrembel Hildegard - - 2008
The identification and characterization of benefits as a consequence of consumption of food, food constituents or nutrients used to be neglected in comparison to the assessment of risks because the safety of food had priority. Interest in benefit assessment is the consequence of the realisation that both adverse and positive ...
Variyam Jayachandran N - - 2008
The disclosure of nutritional characteristics of most packaged foods became mandatory in the United States with the implementation of the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act (NLEA) in 1994. Under the NLEA regulations, a 'Nutrition Facts' panel displays information on nutrients such as calories, total and saturated fats, cholesterol, and sodium ...
Ames Nancy P - - 2008
Government-approved health claims support dietary intervention as a safe and practical approach to improving consumer health and provide industry with regulatory guidelines for food product labels. Claims already allowed in the United States, United Kingdom, Sweden, and The Netherlands for reducing cholesterol through consumption of oat or barley soluble fiber ...
L'abbé Mary R - - 2008
Interest in the health effects of foods by both industry and consumers has put a spotlight on the role of health claims on foods in Canada. The current regulatory framework governing the use of different health claims on foods in Canada is described and compared with international approaches. Similarities were ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >