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Results 451 - 500 of 542
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Sparks P - - 1994
Although public perceptions of food-related hazards receive much media comment and debate, the research literature on such perceptions is sparse and piecemeal. In the reported study, 216 people completed a questionnaire relating to their perceptions of the "risk characteristics" of potential hazards associated with various aspects of food production and ...
Acosta P B - - 1994
A high cholesterol diet has been suggested to help prevent the poor reproductive outcomes found in heterozygote carriers of fetuses affected with the Smith-Lemli-Opitz (SLO) syndrome. The theory has also been presented that a high cholesterol medical food may enhance myelination of the central nervous system of the infant and ...
Wardle J - - 1994
The influence of information about the fat content of food and cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention on taste ratings and food intake in a test meal was examined. Forty Ss were allocated at random to CVD information or control conditions. Ss rated 2 brands of yogurt and 2 cheese sandwiches, with ...
Tollefson L - - 1994
Food and drug law requires that the ingredients in most foods be disclosed on their labels, but until recently there was no requirement that nutrition information be provided. The Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990 (NLEA), passed on November 8, 1990, mandated the Food and Drug Administration to establish ...
McNamara S H - - 1994
This article reviews long-term trends at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) concerning regulation of nutrition, and considers how these trends may affect products of the food industry in the decades ahead. Among the topics discussed are the FDA's rules concerning the provision of basic, standard format nutrition information ...
Glinsmann W H - - 1993
It is increasingly appreciated that some foods and food components, including fructose, have specific health benefits and/or potential risks. This recognition is associated with varied health claims and cautionary statements that can drive dynamic changes in food manufacture, selection, consumption, and views about food safety. It is imperative that the ...
Golgher D B - - 1993
Antiserum to LPPG, a lipopeptidophosphoglycan originally described on the surface of Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes of the Y strain, and antibodies to furanoic galactose (galf) were obtained in rabbits. A micromethod for the extraction and purification of LPPG from a limited amount of parasites is described. Analysis by Western blots of ...
Albertsson-Wikland K - - 1993
We describe a time-resolved immunofluorometric assay (trIFMA) for human growth hormone (hGH), in which monoclonal antibody (mAb)-coated microtiter strip wells and a europium (Eu) chelate-labeled mAb are used. We compare the new trIFMA, in which two mAbs are used, with an immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) in which polyclonal antibodies are used. ...
Wilson L L - - 1993
The importance of extra-label drug use is discussed as this provision relates to special-fed veal production. Presently, there are 3 drugs approved and labeled for use in veal calves. Other medications and pharmaceuticals required to maintain and enhance calf health and well-being must be provided by consulting veterinarians under extra-label ...
Zarkin G A - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: The Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990 mandates the Food and Drug Administration to promulgate changes in nutrition labeling regulations. This study investigates the potential health benefits associated with expected changes in food consumption resulting from the act. METHODS: This paper provides four estimates of the potential health ...
Yakovleva G M - - 1993
The novel tritium-labelled derivative of methylenediphosphonate (MDP) was used in uptake studies of Arthrobacter sp. GLP-1 capable of utilizing a wide range of organophosphonates as its sole source of phosphorus. The MDP uptake was greatly stimulated upon phosphate deprivation. The uptake obeys Michaelis-Menten kinetics with respective Km and Vmax values ...
Clifton P G - - 1993
A preliminary experiment showed that a 2.5 mg/kg dose of the 5-HT agonist 1-(3-chlorophenyl)piperazine di hydrochloride (mCPP) produced a greater reduction of food intake in female rats when weight-matched rats of both sexes were compared following 24 h food deprivation. A second experiment showed that this dose of mCPP led ...
Bates C J - - 1992
The purpose of the present study was first to assess the extent to which unlabelled ascorbate in the diet of guinea-pigs can exchange with labelled ascorbate within their organs when the dietary intake is varied over a wide range, and second to determine whether the retention of label might be ...
Pennington J A - - 1992
In response to certain requirements of the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990 (the 1990 amendments), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) developed a voluntary nutrition labeling program for the 20 most frequently consumed raw fruit, vegetables, and fish in the United States. FDA used data on retail sales ...
Cooper P J - - 1992
One hundred and seventy-four drivers who had purchased special insurance coverage during 1988-1989 for in-vehicle equipment that included a radar detector were compared to a similarly sized and sociodemographically stratified driver population random sample. It was found that the radar detector owners had significantly more accident claims and speeding convictions ...
Swevers L - - 1992
1. This study investigates the origin of vertebrate-type steroids which were reported to be present in Locusta migratoria: are the steroids synthesized by the locust or are they derived from the diet, i.e. grass and rolled oats? 2. It is unlikely that the steroids are synthesized by locust tissues. In ...
Carney S L - - 1992
The metabolism of newly-synthesised and total ("resident") proteoglycans was examined in control and osteoarthritic cartilage explants obtained from an experimental model (Pond and Nuki, 1973) of canine osteoarthritis. The following findings were obtained: (i) Non-labelled proteoglycans extracted from normal cartilage with 4 M guanidine HCl showed two bands visualised by ...
Henley E C - - 1992
The labeling proposals of the National Labeling and Education Act (NLEA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are having enormous impact on the food industry. The comment period for the November 1991 rules ended February 25, 1992. The 1991 proposals, with possible modifications, may become law as soon as ...
Weaver C M - - 1992
Fractional absorption of calcium from bread made either from intrinsically or extrinsically labeled whole-wheat flour was compared in 11 healthy adult women. The intrinsic label was provided by 45Ca injected individually into stems of wheat plants during growth. The extrinsic tag was introduced by adding 45Ca to unlabeled flour via ...
Cooper S J - - 1992
Early studies on dopamine agonists and feeding behaviour showed that apomorphine, administered either centrally or systemically, reduced food intake. While this anorectic effect was later analysed in some detail, it was also recognized that, under some circumstances, apomorphine could increase food consumption. Once the distinction between dopamine D-1 and D-2 ...
Lewis C J - - 1992
Four consumer focus group sessions, with a total of 40 participants, were conducted to gather information on the utility and appropriateness of selected components of nutrition label formats. The formats reviewed were bar graphs, pie charts, numeric listings, and adjectival descriptors such as high and low. Participants were asked to ...
Dukes G - - 1992
The abundance of both food and pharmaceuticals in much of Europe has brought serious health problems as well as benefits. It is no longer possible to assess the quality of most products on the basis of physical examination, and labels often carry information that is incomprehensible to lay persons. Governments ...
Bizal C L - - 1991
The time course of phagocytosis and phagosome-lysosome fusion (PLF) in lung and peritoneal macrophages (LMs and PMs) was measured. Lysosomes in unelicited hamster LMs and PMs were labeled with lucifer yellow. Macrophages then phagocytized heat-killed Saccharomyces cerevisiae (yeast) and were evaluated at several time points for the degree to which ...
Fairweather-Tait S J - - 1991
A variety of foods (peas (Pisum sativum), chicken meat, eggs, goat's milk, human milk) enriched with the stable isotope 67Zn were prepared by means of intrinsic- and extrinsic-labelling procedures. They were fed to rats and apparent absorption of 67Zn determined from faecal excretion measurements using thermal ionization mass spectrometry. There ...
Fox T E - - 1991
Intrinsically-labelled foods are required to validate extrinsic-labelling techniques used to study the bioavailability of trace elements. Wheat (Triticum aestivum), peas (Pisum sativum), goat's milk, human milk, eggs and chicken meat were selected for intrinsic-labelling studies with 67Zn. Peas were grown hydroponically in enriched nutrient solution and wheat was grown in ...
Geiger C J - - 1991
This article examines nutrition labeling history as well as the findings of nine research studies of nutrition labeling formats. Nutrition labeling regulations were announced in 1973 and have been periodically amended since then. In response to requests from consumers and health care professionals for revision of the labeling system, the ...
Johnson P E - - 1991
Absorption and biological half-life of 54Mn were measured in adult men and women fed foods labeled intrinsically or extrinsically with 54Mn. Each subject consumed a series of three test meals consisting of a food labeled intrinsically, a food labeled extrinsically or MnCl2 (control) served in random order. The foods tested ...
Scopp A L - - 1991
Monosodium glutamate (MSG), an established headache trigger, has become far more prevalent in canned, packaged and prepared foods over the past decade. The presence of MSG in food may be difficult to detect since the terms "natural flavor," "flavoring," or "hydrolyzed vegetable protein (HVP)," all may appear on food labels ...
Aulakh C S - - 1991
Administration of fenfluramine to rats decreased 1-h food intake and locomotor activity. Short-term (2-6 days) but not long-term (21-25 days) lithium treatment potentiated fenfluramine-induced suppression of food intake. However, neither short-term nor long-term lithium treatment had any significant effect on fenfluramine-induced suppression of locomotor activity. These findings demonstrate a differential ...
Aulakh C S - - 1991
Administration of the selective 5-HT(1A) agonist, 8-hydroxy-2(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OHDPAT ), to rats produced increases in food intake in freely fed animals and decreases in food intake in food-deprived animals. Acute pre-treatment with various doses of m-chlorophenylpiperazine (m-CPP, another 5-HT agonist) attenuated 8-OHDPAT-induced increases in food intake in the free-feeding paradigm and ...
Tyrrell A - - 1990
A survey of the nutrition labelling of 880 varieties of foods on sale in three stores in Newcastle upon Tyne was undertaken in May-July 1989. The foods were chosen for investigation because they contained sugars, and they were categorised into 12 types of food. Some nutritional information was given for ...
Tyrrell A - - 1990
During the past 10 years there has been considerable discussion about nutrition labelling of foodstuffs. In the United Kingdom, the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food has published several proposals for guidelines and regulations. The European Community has more recently considered this subject and has issued their proposals for draft ...
Earl R - - 1990
This report will become a part of the comment and rule-making process that FDA and USDA will conduct to achieve food and nutrition labeling reform. The agencies have requested interested parties to comment on the report's recommendations. The report will be of interest to Congress in developing legislative proposals to ...
Cook K K - - 1990
As part of the Food Labeling and Product Surveillance Program of the Food and Drug Administration, samples from 1982, 1984, and 1986 surveys of processed packaged foods (canned, frozen, and dry packaged) were analyzed to determine how closely the foods' actual sodium content matched their label claims for sodium. Samples ...
Suruda A J - - 1990
Abuse of nitrous oxide (N2O) while on the job caused at least 11 deaths in 1984 to 1987, as found in investigations by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and in reports to the Consumer Product Safety Commission. Although nitrous oxide has had a reputation as a "clean and safe" ...
Allen R D - - 1990
A monoclonal antibody (mAb) has been developed and selected by immunofluorescence for the radial canals of the contractile vacuole complex (CVC) of Paramecium multimicronucleatum. By applying indirect immunogold labeling to thin frozen sections this mAb has been shown at the electron microscopic level to be specific for the decorated spongiome. ...
Porter R H - - 1990
To assess the influence of conspecific chemical cues on the development of dietary preferences, spiny mouse (Acomys cahirinus) weanling were tested for their responses to food items that were partially eaten (thus, presumably labeled) by various categories of conspecifics. Consumption of a highly preferred novel food (fresh carrot) labeled by ...
Mullis R M - - 1990
Consumers are asking for specific information about which foods and, in particular, which brands of packaged foods to choose when they eat or purchase food. Point-of-purchase nutrition intervention programs that identify specific foods in restaurants and grocery stores are particularly promising community-based strategies for providing that type of information. However, ...
Nick P - - 1990
Auxin (indole-3-acetic acid) controls the orientation of cortical microtubes (MT) at the outer wall of the outer epidermis of growing maize coleoptiles (Bergfeld, R., Speth, V., Schopfer, P., 1988, Bot. Acta 101, 57-67). A detailed time course of MT reorientation, determined by labeling MT with fluorescent antibodies, revealed that the ...
Uzal F A - - 1990
Indirect immunoperoxidase (IP) and immunofluorescence (IF) techniques were developed, and used for the identification of B. bronchiseptica in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded lung tissues of 26 rabbits displaying focal chronic interstitial pneumonia, vascular changes, and chronic bronchitis and bronchiolitis. Labelled B. bronchiseptica organisms were observed at the level of the bronchial and ...
Johnson W G - - 1990
The influence of caloric labeling on meal selection with subjects differing in dietary restraint was investigated in a cafeteria restaurant. The three lowest calorie food selections within three food categories (i.e., salads, vegetables, entrees) were identified by labels. Within a multiple-baseline design, each food category was labeled for three evenings ...
Balla T - - 1989
In adrenal glomerulosa cells, angiotensin II stimulates rapid increases in inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins-1,4,5-P3) and inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate (Ins-1,3,4,5-P4), followed by slower increases in two additional inositol tetrakisphosphate (InsP4) isomers. One of these InsP4 isomers was previously identified as Ins-1,3,4,6-P4 and shown to be a precursor of inositol pentakisphosphate (InsP5). Analysis of ...
Musaiger A O - - 1989
Food labelling regulations are important measures for food safety and control. The purpose of this study was to determine the compliance with labelling regulations. The study was carried out in two stages, before implementation of food labelling regulations (in 1983) and after the implementation (in 1987). Information is required on ...
Funderburgh J L - - 1989
Rabbit corneal proteoglycans were labeled by intrastromal injection of 3H-glucosamine and 35S-sulfate 1 and 2 weeks after partial-thickness radial scalpel incisions. Proteoglycans were extracted with guanidine-HCl and purified by ion exchange chromatography. Wounding caused a marked decrease in the total incorporation of labeled precursors into proteoglycans. The labeled proteoglycans were ...
Odebiyi A I - - 1989
This paper reports the interviews with 82 randomly selected healers in Ile-Ife about food taboos in relation to maternal and child health. The healers were asked to list the childhood ailments they treat most often and the food proscriptions and prescriptions associated with these ailments. Of particular interest in the ...
Robinson S R - - 1989
We have studied the distribution of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) which have been retrogradely labeled from massive bilateral injections of the enzyme horseradish peroxidase into the retino-recipient nuclei of foetal and postnatal albino rabbits aged from the 24th postconceptional day (24PCD) to adulthood. The number of labeled RGCs increases from ...
Bernardo-Filho M - - 1989
The study of the labelling of planaria with 99mTc shows that the incorporation of radioactivity in this platyhelminth increases with an increase in SnCl2 concentration from 0.13 to 1.3 microM, reaching a plateau in the range of 1.3-130 microM then decreasing with 1300 microM. At concentrations of 1.3 and 13 ...
Patterson J A - - 1988
Rates of degradation of DL-methionine and a number of methionine derivatives by rumen microorganisms were studied in vitro. Methionine hydroxy analog, the ammonium salt, and the amide derivative of methionine hydroxy analog were degraded more slowly than was methionine. Methyl and ethyl esters of methionine hydroxy analog were rapidly converted ...
Johnson P E - - 1988
Absorption of stable 65Cu incorporated intrinsically or extrinsically into foods was studied in women fed a diet marginal in Cu content. Isotopic enrichment was 73.1 +/- 1.0 atom percent 65Cu in goose breast meat, 74.9 +/- 0.5 atom percent in goose liver, and 55-69.5 atom percent in two crops of ...
Ripellino J A - - 1988
The study addressed the question of whether 35SO4 labeled molecules that have been delivered to the goldfish optic nerve terminals by rapid axonal transport include soluble proteoglycans. For analysis, tectal homogenates were subfractionated into a soluble fraction (soluble after centrifugation at 105,000 g), a lysis fraction (soluble after treatment with ...
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