Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 510
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Baeyens F - - 1996
It has been suggested that the observation of a model consuming a food (CS) and facially expressing either to like or to dislike (US') the food, may be a sufficient condition to bring about a change in the valence of the food for the observer. Unfortunately, up to now this ...
Kondo T - - 1996
Soft drinks containing dietary fiber are popular in Japan. There seem to be two types, one containing polydextrose and the other, oligosaccharide. These beverages are claimed to be useful for constipation or obesity, but data are scanty. We examined four such fiber-containing beverages [Fibe-mini Otsuka Pharmaceuticals (Tokyo, Japan), Seni and ...
Dawson D A - - 1996
This study compared three alternative scenarios for effecting a 25% reduction in U.S. alcohol consumption in terms of their respective impacts on the prevalence of alcohol abuse and dependence. The three approaches were (1) an overall 25% reduction in the volume of ethanol intake for all current drinkers, (2) an ...
Piercy K T - - 1996
The neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) has long been implicated in the etiology of aberrant consumption of alcohol. Several compounds thought to possess a potential therapeutic value to counteract drinking have high affinities for 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A receptors in the brain. For example, amperozide and FG5865 significantly reduce the volitional intake of ...
Jacobsen B K - - 1996
The aim of the study was to describe associations between childbearing pattern (parity and age at first and last birth) and food and alcohol habits in middle aged women. This was done in a cross-sectional survey of 3576 women aged 40-42 years living in a county in northern Norway, involving ...
Ferraroni M - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The reproducibility and validity of alcohol consumption has not been adequately studied, particularly in mediterranean countries, where alcohol drinking is a widespread habit, especially during meals. METHODS: We compared alcohol consumption measured by two interviewer-administered food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) with average intake derived from two 7-day dietary (7-DD) records ...
Spanagel R - - 1996
The suppressing effect of acamprosate (calcium-acetyl homotaurinate) on alcohol drinking is well established; however, little is known about its effects upon the alcohol-induced withdrawal syndrome. Male Wistar rats received as a sole drinking fluid a 20% (v/v) alcohol solution for one week. Animals consumed on average 5.3 +/- 0.3 g/kg ...
Melo J A - - 1996
Mice from various inbred strains consume alcoholic beverages at highly reproducible and strain-specific levels. While most mice consume alcohol in moderate amounts, C57BL/6J animals exhibit sustained oral ingestion of high levels of alcohol in the presence of competing water and food. We now report a genetic investigation of this phenotype ...
Allsop K A - - 1996
In pre-industrial times, honey was the main source of concentrated sweetness in the diets of many peoples. There are no precise figures for per capita consumption during most periods in history because honey was part of either a hunter-gatherer or subsistence economy. Until now, historians and food writers have proposed ...
Guinard J X - - 1996
The relation between consumption of beer, alcohol, and bitter substances was investigated by comparing 20 each of male adults, low users ( < 720 ml/week) and high users ( > 3.61/week) of beer for sensitivity to and like/dislike for the bitterness of isohumulones. Intake of beer, alcohol, and bitter substances ...
Männistö S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The study was carried out to determine associations of reported alcohol intake with diet and body mass index. Type and frequency of consumed alcohol were also considered. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: The baseline examination of the participants of the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention Study in 1985-1988. SUBJECTS: 27215 ...
Hagopian L P - - 1996
In this study, we report on a 12-year-old boy with autism, mental retardation, and a history of severe gastrointestinal problems who presented with total liquid and food refusal. Backward chaining was used to shape drinking from a cup, and a fading procedure was used to increase the quantity of water ...
Rienzi B M - - 1996
Gender role socialization differentially influences attitudes toward substance abuse for boys and girls. Students (n = 968, 456 = males, M age = 16.20, SD = 1.20) were administered a questionnaire to assess their perceptions of attitudes toward substance abuse. Boys' approval was significantly different than the level of approval ...
Savolainen V - - 1995
Cirrhosis is believed to be preceded by "precirrhotic" lesions indicating initial fibrogenesis in the perivenular area. We investigated three previously described markers of early perivenular fibrogenesis: the thickness of the rim of the terminal hepatic venule, perivenular fibrosis and perivenular fibronectin deposition. The frequencies of these features were evaluated and ...
Toledo M C - - 1995
A survey of intense sweetener intakes was carried out in the winter of 1990 and summer of 1991 in Brazil. Data on the potential intake of the intense sweeteners aspartame, cyclamate and saccharin were generated, based on a representative sample of 673 individuals who completed a questionnaire designed to collect ...
Knox J - - 1995
In this paper I have explored the way in which regressive phantasies of fusion may be brought into being by the heavy consumption of alcohol and the cerebral changes which result, which impair the individual's capacity to digest new information and experience; change therefore has to be resisted and loss ...
Cook J D - - 1995
The effect of the phenolic compounds in wine was examined in this study by performing radioiron-absorption measurements from extrinsically labeled test meals in 33 human subjects. In four separate studies we observed that absorption was 2- to 3-fold higher from white wine containing a low concentration of polyphenols than from ...
Harper C - - 1995
In the Western world previous studies have shown that the majority of cases of the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS), which is caused by thiamine deficiency, occur in alcoholics. However, in France, a country with one of the highest per capita consumptions of alcohol, the prevalence of the WKS was found to ...
Ireland A J - - 1995
Loss of enamel due to dietary causes, either by acid erosion or the fermentation of dietary sugars, is well known. These processes will be affected by a number of factors, one of which is the ability of the food to adhere to the enamel. The aim of this study was ...
Ciccocioppo R - - 1995
The present study evaluated the effect of SC injections of the selective NK3 tachykinin agonist, Suc-[Asp6,MePhe8]substance P(6-11), also referred to as senktide (SENK), on 8% alcohol intake in genetically selected alcohol-preferring rats. Animals were offered access to 8% ethanol for 2 h/day (between 1800 and 2000 h) and to tap ...
Koutsoukos G B - - 1995
Weight reduction and food restriction increase the self-administration of alcohol and other drugs of abuse, but the underlying physiological mechanisms have not been identified. Because weight reduction alters angiotensin (ANG) II activity, and ANG II is known to modulate alcohol intake, ANG II may play a role in the enhanced ...
Mattes R D - - 1994
Bitterness is generally viewed as an undesirable attribute of foods and beverages, yet segments of the population regularly ingest items with a prominent bitter taste. The influence of taste sensitivity, exposure, selected personality traits (i.e., neophobia, variety seeking, sensation seeking) and pharmacological reactivity on alcohol and caffeine consumption, two widely ...
Sereme A - - 1994
The study of thirty sorghum varieties used for food in Burkina Faso showed a relationship between tannin level and utilization of sorghum grain. High tannin level varieties (more than 0.2%) are generally used for local alcoholic drink, instead low tannin level varieties (under 0.2%) are used for cooking and for ...
Hahn R G - - 1994
We studied the effect of eating a meal on the rate of ethanol elimination (clearance) from the blood after giving 0.4 g/kg by intravenous infusion to six female and six male volunteers. Half of the subjects had eaten breakfast whereas the other half had fasted overnight. After the first infusion ...
Forsander O A - - 1994
In addition to being a pharmacological agent, alcohol (ethanol) can also be considered a food; the body can utilize effectively its calorific contribution. The consumption of alcohol has in many respects the same characteristics as the intake of food. In animal experiments, food intake decreases in relation to the calorific ...
Mugula J K - - 1994
Powder for instant non-alcoholic pawpaw beverage formulation was manufactured by traditional sundrying and controlled ovendrying. The reconstituted beverage was organoleptically acceptable. The effect of sundrying on mats and ovendrying on product quality was investigated. Sundrying resulted into losses of vitamins A and C, and total sugar by 97, 98 and ...
Huang Y - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Five subjects participated in a study of optimal conditions for removing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from contaminated fingertips. METHODS: Fingertips were contaminated experimentally and cleaned by various methods. Bacterial removal was measured as percentage and is given as mean +/- standard error of the mean. RESULTS: Rinsing the fingertips with ...
Jones A W - - 1994
In a two-part crossover study, ten healthy men drank a moderate dose of ethanol (0.80 g/kg) in the morning after an overnight fast or immediately after breakfast. The breakfast consisted of orange juice (150 mL), fruit yogurt (250 mL), two cheese sandwiches, one boiled egg, and one cup of coffee ...
Iwami O - - 1994
To identify important risk factors of motor neuron disease (MND) in a focus (Hohara) on the Kii peninsula of Japan, 24-h dietary duplicates, rice, drinking water, and soils were analysed for metals in Hohara and control areas. The manganese content in 24-h food in Hohara was significantly (P < 0.01) ...
Biaudet H - - 1994
N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) contamination was determined in 556 food samples and 75 beverages purchased in eastern France in 1987-1992. NDMA was found in 427 samples (68%). Data amassed enabled the first estimation to be made in France of the mean daily intake of NDMA from French foods and beverages in 1987-1992 ...
Seruga M - - 1994
The aluminium (Al) content of soft drinks from Al cans has been measured during 12 months of storage, by the graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry (GFAAS) method. The results show that the Al content in all soft drinks increased during the whole storage time. This increase was a result of ...
King A C - - 1994
Two questionnaire formats for assessing alcohol consumption in a community sample were compared. Subjects completed the Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire and a questionnaire specifically targeting alcohol use. Across all alcoholic beverages, subjects reported lower consumption on the alcohol questionnaire than on the food frequency questionnaire. The results suggest that food ...
Penugonda B - - 1994
This study evaluated the effects of alcohol-containing mouthwashes on composite resin hardness. Eighty hybrid composite discs were fabricated and divided into eight equal groups: Listerine, Scope, Viadent, Plax, Lavoris, Clear Choice, and Rembrandt Mouth Refreshing Rinse. Water acted as a control. All of the discs were immersed by group in ...
Soderstrom C A - - 1993
Alcohol use, driving records, crash culpability, and crash conviction rates for 165 injured motorcycle drivers (MTCDs) were studied. Of the 165 MTCDs, 53.3% tested positive for alcohol (BAC+). Culpability determinations (n = 150) revealed that 83% of BAC+ and 46% of BAC-MTCDs caused their crashes (p < 0.001). Driving records ...
Keung W M - - 1993
Syrian Golden hamsters prefer and consume large and remarkably constant amounts of ethanol in a simple two-bottle free-choice regimen. Ethanol intake is significantly suppressed by zimelidine, bromocriptine, buspirone, and lithium carbonate, pharmacological agents that have been shown to be beneficial in controlling ethanol intake in alcohol-dependent humans. These results suggest ...
de Castro J M - - 1993
The heritability of fluid and beverage intake was investigated with 109 identical and 86 fraternal adult twin pairs who were paid to maintain 7-day diaries of everything they either ate or drank. Both classical analysis of heritability and linear structural modeling revealed that the amount of fluids ingested daily or ...
Hupkens C L - - 1993
Within the European Community (EC) drinking patterns in the southern countries can be characterised by daily consumption of wine at meals, and in the northern countries by less frequent consumption of beer outside meals. Yet, as in past decades in the southern countries beer consumption and in the northern countries ...
Skog O J - - 1993
In 1916-17, prices of alcoholic beverages increased dramatically in Denmark, and alcohol consumption decreased strongly. On the basis of this 'natural experiment', the effect of variations in per capita alcohol consumption on suicide rates is estimated, and compared to Norström's analysis of Danish data from the period 1931-80, as well ...
Veenstra J - - 1993
The interrelationships between alcohol consumption, energy and food intake and smoking habits were studied in 1145 men and 1171 women, aged 22-49 years, in the Dutch National Food Consumption Survey, in which a 48-h dietary record method was used. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of ...
Gvozdenović L V - - 1993
The effects of fentanyl, ketamine and thalamonal on some biochemical parameters of ethanol-treated and untreated dogs, were studied. The study was carried out on mongrel dogs. The animals were divided into two main groups: one which had free access to food and to 12% (v/v) ethanol, instead of water, and ...
Kulkosky P J - - 1993
Cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) and bombesin tetradecapeptide (BBS-14) are brain-gut neuropeptides shown to inhibit intake and choice of alcohol solutions and foods in a variety of species. Recently, Draski and colleagues selectively bred strains descended from N/Nih outbred Norway rats that differ in sleep time after injection of ethanol. The intake ...
Hankin J R - - 1993
In a sample of over 12,000 African-American gravidas, we tested the hypothesis that the Federal Beverage Labeling Act of 1988 has decreased antenatal drinking. Results of time series analysis indicated a 7-month lag in the impact of the alcohol warning label. Controlling for population changes, antenatal drinking began to fall ...
Black R M - - 1993
Despite some reports that aspartame (APM)-sweetened beverages may increase subjective appetite, previously we demonstrated that drinking 280 ml of an APM-sweetened soft drink (170 mg APM) had no effect on appetite, and 560 ml of the same soft drink (340 mg APM) reduced appetite. The present study examined this appetite ...
Akinshola B E - - 1993
Ethanol was shown previously to increase ADP-ribosylation of hepatocyte proteins. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of ethanol on ADP-ribosylation of histones in hepatocyte nuclei. Freshly isolated hepatocytes were exposed to 100 mM ethanol for 2 h and ADP-ribosylated histones were separated from nonribosylated histones by ...
Watkins R L - - 1993
The same nine subjects (six male, three female) were given near bolus doses of alcohol (0.69 g/kg) on two occasions separated by one week. They were instructed to consume the alcohol as rapidly as possible (12.1 min average). The alcohol was consumed after dilution to 15% with fruit punch mix. ...
Smith A P - - 1993
An experiment was carried out to examine the effects of coffee on performance and alertness in the day and at night. The results showed that caffeinated coffee had a beneficial effect on alertness and improved performance on a variety of tasks in both day and night sessions. The effects were ...
Kraft J M - - 1993
The linkage of the gender mix of occupations to drinking patterns has been suggested by Wilsnack and Wilsnack (1991). Using a national sample of American workers, associations among gender, the gender mix of occupations, occupation, and drinking variables were explored. The results suggest that the relationship between the gender mix ...
Auerhahn C - - 1992
Alcoholic beverages comprise an appreciable percentage of the total caloric intake of individuals in Western societies. Alcohol contains no usable nutrients and, in the chronic drinker, often replaces food. Chronic alcoholics frequently have evidence of nutritional deficiencies due to decreased intake, reduced uptake and impaired utilization of nutrients. Syndromes of ...
Boyle A E - - 1992
The effects of GABAA agonist THIP on the acquisition of voluntary ethanol intake and the pattern of food and water consumption were examined through the use of a computer-controlled data acquisition system. Twenty male Long-Evans rats were randomly assigned to two groups, one of which received THIP (16 mg/kg, IP) ...
Clark N - - 1992
With the rising popularity of ultradistance sports events lasting from 6 to 24 hours or multiple days, athletes are consulting registered dietitians for specialized dietary advice. Many dietitians, however, lack experience with these types of events. This article provides basic guidelines ffor fueling the ultradistance athlete. The goals are to ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >