Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 527
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Scott David - - 2004
The effect of drinking tea on hydration status and mood was studied in nine male and four female members of expeditions based at Mt. Everest base camp at an altitude of 5,345 m. Whilst exposed to altitude-cold diuresis, participants were subjected to a crossover experimental design comprising two 24-h dietary ...
Carey Kate B - - 2004
The self-regulation questionnaire (SRQ) is a 63-item instrument designed to measure the generalized ability to regulate behavior so as to achieve desired future outcomes. This study extended previous psychometric evaluations of the SRQ by determining the factor structure and internal consistency of the SRQ and providing convergent and discriminant evidence ...
Duka Theodora - - 2004
This article represents the proceedings of a symposium at the 2003 annual meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism in Fort Lauderdale, FL, organized by Theodora Duka and chaired by Dai Stephens. The purpose of the symposium was to examine the effects of multiple experiences of withdrawal from alcohol in ...
Rouillier Philippe - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Establishing patterns of alcohol consumption may be useful for investigating the relationship between alcohol and diseases. METHODS: We used a hierarchical agglomerative clustering method to describe the intake of eight types of alcoholic beverages and to determine drinking patterns in a cohort of 1797 men enrolled in a French ...
Gurpegui Manuel - - 2004
Several studies suggest that caffeine intake is high in patients with schizophrenia and a few of them suggest that caffeine may contribute to schizophrenia symptomatology. None of these studies control for the effect of tobacco smoking, which is associated with induction of caffeine metabolism. Therefore, the high amount of caffeine ...
Kourkoutas Y - - 2004
Kluyveromyces marxianus IMB3 yeast cells were immobilized on delignified cellulosic material, apple, and quince separately. Both immobilized and free cells were used in high-temperature wine making, and their fermented grape must contained 3 to 4% alcohol. Semisweet wines were produced by the addition of potable alcohol to the fermented must. ...
Ekholm Ola - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the accuracy of recall on self-reported alcohol intake. DESIGN: Population-based random sample. SETTING: The Danish Health and Morbidity Survey 1994. SUBJECTS: The study is based on 6,354 persons chosen at random among the adult Danish citizens. The response rate was 77%. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Number of alcoholic ...
Cibicková Eubica E Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic. - - 2004
Even though coffee is not considered to be responsible for development of peptic ulcer, it may, however, prolong its healing by increasing acidity of gastric content. In our former work we observed a profound increase in sucrose permeability (above normal values) in healthy volunteers regularly drinking coffee for years. In ...
De Simón Brígida Fernández - - 2003
A red Rioja wine was aged in barrels made of Spanish oak wood (Quercus robur, Quercus petraea,Quercus pyrenaica, and Quercus faginea) during 21 months. The concentrations of some volatile compounds [syringaldehyde, vanillin, eugenol, maltol, guaiacol, 4-ethylphenol, cis and trans isomers of beta-methyl-gamma-octalactone, 2-furfuraldehyde, 5-methyl-2-furfuraldehyde, 5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-furfuraldehyde, and furfuryl alcohol] were studied ...
Navarro Montserrat - - 2003
Over the last 30 years, evidence has emerged indicating that the central melanocortin (MC) peptide system is involved with neurobiological responses to drugs of abuse. Recently, rats selectively bred for high ethanol preference were shown to have altered brain levels of MC receptor (MCR) and central infusion of the potent ...
Yim Andrew - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: (1) To develop a useful tool to measure food, alcohol and tobacco items; (2) to document the availability of these items in Almaty, Kazakstan; (3) to describe the relationship between consumption and availability; and (4) to identify possible relationships between availability and health outcomes in the city and region. ...
Thiele Todd E - - 2003
Ethanol is a caloric compound, and ethanol drinking and food intake are both appetitive and consummatory behaviors. Furthermore, both ethanol and food have rewarding properties. It is therefore possible that overlapping central pathways are involved with uncontrolled eating and excessive ethanol consumption. A growing list of peptides has been shown ...
Yeomans Martin R - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Alcohol is commonly consumed around mealtimes, and both the immediate pharmacological actions of ethanol and the energy generated by metabolism of alcohol have the potential to modify food intake. Effects of moderate alcohol consumption on food intake in humans will be reviewed, and potential mechanisms considered. RECENT ...
Odum Amy L. - - 2003
For drug-dependent individuals, drugs of abuse that are delayed in time are discounted more steeply than money delayed in time in a hypothetical choice task. The reasons for this finding are not clear. This study examined whether steep discounting of drugs relative to money might be related to the function ...
French Simone A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Trends between 1977/1978 and 1994/1998 in the prevalence, amounts, and sources of soft drink consumption were examined among youth age 6 to 17 years. DESIGN: Dietary intake data were examined from three national surveys: the Nationwide Food Consumption Survey 1977/1978 (n=8,908), and the combined Continuing Survey of Food Intakes ...
Holroyd Clay B - - 2003
A recent study indicates that alcohol consumption reduces the amplitude of the error-related negativity (ERN), a negative deflection in the electroencephalogram associated with error commission. Here, we explore possible mechanisms underlying this result in the context of two recent theories about the neural system that produces the ERN - one ...
Ama P F M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate use and awareness of lawful and unlawful substances by amateur footballers in Yaounde, Cameroon. METHODS: A total of 1116 amateur footballers (1037 male and 79 female) out of 1500 contacted participated in this study. They were divided into three groups: elite players (n = 314); local players ...
Nagaoka Hiroyuki - - 2003
We confirmed that an NAD(P)+-dependent secondary alcohol dehydrogenase (NAD(P)-E) can be easily and effectively isolated from pea, soybean, and wheat proteins immobilized with calcium alginate gel (IPP, ISP, and IWP, respectively). The estimated molecular mass of NAD(P)-E is 138.7 kDa, and the concentrations of NAD(P)-E in solution are 36.2 (IPP), ...
van Engeland Manon - - 2003
Sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) is characterized by genetic and epigenetic changes such as regional DNA hypermethylation and global DNA hypomethylation. Epidemiological and animal studies suggest that aberrant DNA methylation is associated with low dietary folate intake, which is aggravated by high alcohol intake. The relationship between promoter methylation of genes ...
Rezvani Amir H - - 2003
The present review summarizes the findings of the effects of extracts of purified compounds from several plants on alcohol intake in alcohol-preferring rats. These include St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum, HPE), kudzu (Pueraria lobata) and ibogaine (Tabernanthe iboga). Alcohol-preferring (P), Marchigian Sardinian (msP), high-alcohol-drinking (HAD), Fawn-Hooded (FH) rats were allowed ...
Hopper David J - - 2003
4-ethylphenol methylenehydroxylase from Pseudomonas putida JD1 acts by dehydrogenation of its substrate to give a quinone methide, which is then hydrated to an alcohol. It was shown to be active with a range of 4-alkylphenols as substrates. 4-n-propylphenol, 4-n-butylphenol, chavicol, and 4-hydroxydiphenylmethane were hydroxylated on the methylene group next to ...
De Witte Ph - - 2003
The withdrawal syndrome in alcohol-dependent patients appears to be a major stressful event whose intensity increases with repetition of detoxifications according to a kindling process. Disturbances in the balance between excitatory and inhibitory neural processes are reflected in a perturbed physical state while disturbances in the balance between positive and ...
Chadwick Darren D - - 2003
The extent to which 40 individuals with intellectual disabilities and dysphagia and their caregivers adhered to speech and language pathology dysphagia guidelines was evaluated. These individuals were observed having a meal across four settings. In addition to monitoring overall adherence, guidelines were split into separate sections corresponding to consistency modification ...
Pelkonen Kai H O - - 2003
In spite of the general toxicity, ecotoxicity and sparsely known metabolism of silver, WHO allows silver ions (Ag) up to 0.1 mg/l in drinking water disinfection. In order to determine the accumulation and distribution of silver in a mammalian body, mice were given for 1 and 2 weeks drinking water ...
Horie Seichi - - 2003
Eight skilled workers engaged in heat-exposed work in front of a blast furnace in a steel factory were asked to drink a sports drink or one of its dilutions of x 2, x 3, or x 5 during a regular daytime shift in the summer of 1999. A regular lunch ...
Nwakeze Peter C - - 2003
The study examined the effects of homelessness on access to public entitlements (Medicaid and food stamp programs) in a soup kitchen population. Data were collected between 1997 and 1999 from a sample of 343 adults at two soup kitchen sites in New York City. Five hypotheses, focusing on the effects ...
Villanueva C M - - 2003
Trihalomethanes (THM) and haloacetic acids (HAA) are the most frequent chlorination by-products (CBP) in finished drinking waters. Traditionally, THM have been used as surrogates for CBP although the quantitative association between THM and other CBP is not well established. This problem is addressed in the present study from the analysis ...
Bachmanov Alexander A AA Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-3308, USA. - - 2003
This article presents the proceedings of a symposium at the 2002 RSA/ISBRA Meeting in San Francisco, California, co-organized by Julie A. Mennella and Alexander A. Bachmanov of the Monell Chemical Senses Center. The goal of this symposium was to review the role that chemosensory factors (taste, smell, and chemical irritation) ...
Millichap J Gordon - - 2003
Diet can play an important role in the precipitation of headaches in children and adolescents with migraine. The diet factor in pediatric migraine is frequently neglected in favor of preventive drug therapy. The list of foods, beverages, and additives that trigger migraine includes cheese, chocolate, citrus fruits, hot dogs, monosodium ...
Buettner Andrea - - 2002
The influence of human whole saliva on selected alcohols, aldehydes, 3-alkyl-2-methoxypyrazines, and phenols in food-relevant concentrations was investigated. At pH 7.5-8 it was found that the alcohols, methoxyphenols, methoxypyrazines, and 3-hydroxy-4,5-dimethyl-2(5H)-furanone remained unmodified by saliva, whereas aldehydes were reduced to their corresponding alcohols. Generally, the processes were found to be ...
Liu Ji-Yan - - 2002
The use of butyltin compounds in some food packaging leads to the contamination of liquid food and may result in subsequent adverse effects on people's health through the food chain. A survey of butyltin compounds in Chinese alcoholic beverages purchased from retail markets was carried out by using solid-phase microextraction ...
Valtin Heinz - - 2002
Despite the seemingly ubiquitous admonition to "drink at least eight 8-oz glasses of water a day" (with an accompanying reminder that beverages containing caffeine and alcohol do not count), rigorous proof for this counsel appears to be lacking. This review sought to find the origin of this advice (called "8 ...
Tomie Arthur - - 2002
AIMS: This study asks if repeated Pavlovian pairings of a sipper tube (conditioned stimulus, CS) with food (unconditioned stimulus, US) will induce Pavlovian autoshaping conditioned responses (CRs), consisting of drinking of either 6% ethanol or water from the sipper CS. This study also tests predictions derived from the autoshaping model ...
Nguyen Quang An - - 2002
The alkaloids norchelerythrine, magnoflorine and (-)(S)-O-methylbalfourodinium cation were isolated from Zanthoxylum scandens bark collected in Vietnam, together with the flavanone glycoside hesperidin and the phenylpropanoids (E)-O-geranylconiferyl alcohol and (E)-O-geranylconiferyl alcohol (9Z, 12Z)-linoleate. This latter is a novel compound whose structure was elucidated on the basis of its spectral data and ...
Buemann B B Research Department of Human Nutrition and Center for Advanced Food Studies, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark. - - 2002
Alcoholic beverage drinking may increase total energy intake at a meal by various mechanisms and this effect may depend on the sort of beverage. To test the effect of wine, beer and a soft drink served with a normal meal on food and total energy intake in non-obese men. A ...
Santa-María A - - 2002
Some drinks containing natural products with stimulant properties are highly consumed among young adults. The market for these drinks has increased in past years around the globe, and, although they might be harmless, overdoses or combination of these with other drinks could be harmful to the health of some consumers ...
Nagaraja H S - - 2002
Alcohol intake in animals is regulated in much the same way as intake of food. The effect of alcohol on feeding behaviour is not well documented. The objective of this study was to test whether alcohol was ingested as a source of calories after crowding stress in rats. Male albino ...
Tfouni S A V - - 2002
The daily intakes of benzoates and sorbates from selected food categories were estimated in Brazil in 1999. The Budget method was used as a first screening procedure for the estimation of the safety aspects of the maximum permitted levels of benzoates and sorbates established by the Brazilian food legislation. This ...
Kokavec A - - 2002
The consumption of alcohol prior to food intake results in alcohol metabolism occurring in the liver, and the liver is often damaged in chronic alcoholics. This paper highlights the possibility that alcohol consumption in the absence of adequate nutrition after an extended period of time may lead to activation of ...
Kourkoutas Y - - 2002
Delignified cellulosic-supported biocatalyst, prepared by immobilization of kefir yeast on delignified cellulosic material (DCM), was found to be suitable for continuous, modified whey fermentation. The modified whey contained 1% raisin extract and molasses. Ethanol productivities ranged from 3.6 to 8.3 g L(-1)day(-1), whereas parameters such as ethanol concentration, residual sugars, ...
Pemberton P L - - 2002
A patient's observation led us to investigate whether drinking from a champagne flute required more cranio-cervical extension than drinking from other types of wine glasses. We measured the cranio-cervical extension required by normal volunteers to drink from four different types of glass. The mean [95% confidence intervals] extension from the ...
Raudenbush Bryan - - 2002
Pleasantness and intensity ratings of beverages served in containers congruent and incongruent with expectancy were assessed. Past research has shown that the violation of food expectancies, e.g., color, taste, temperature, leads to more negative evaluations of food. Thus, it was hypothesized that beverages sampled from a container incongruent with expectancy, ...
Yeomans M R - - 2002
Previously, it has been reported that energy consumed as alcohol prior to lunch does not result in subsequent reductions in voluntary food intake, and in some situations alcohol can increase subsequent appetite. The present study extends these findings by examining the effects of beliefs about alcohol content. Eighteen unrestrained men ...
Birkenhauer J M - - 2002
Members of the bacterial genus Aeromonas are widely distributed throughout the environment and are readily cultured from a variety of foods. One member of this genus, Aeromonas hydrophila, has been reputed to be a significant cause of gastrointestinal disease. In this study, we examined the effects of refrigeration and alcohol ...
Horner Neilann K - - 2002
Enterolactone is a lignan produced by fermentation of dietary precursors in the human gut. Because lignan precursors are uniquely found in plant foods, plasma enterolactone concentration may serve as a biological marker of plant food consumption. This cross-sectional study examined associations of dietary intake with plasma enterolactone concentration. Weight-stable, 20-40-year-old ...
Wadhwa Sanjivini G - - 2002
Humans ingest large numbers of microbes daily. Food provides distinctly different physical and physiological conditions from drinking water. With high concentrations of carbohydrate, protein, and ionic strength, food is much closer to the human physiological state than drinking water, which is essentially devoid of nutrients and ionic strength. Accordingly, microbes ...
Anderson W G - - 2001
This study investigated the control of drinking in elasmobranch fish through manipulation of the homologous renin-angiotensin system (RAS). The smooth muscle relaxant papaverine was found to increase basal drinking levels in the European lesser-spotted dogfish, Scyliorhinus canicula, almost 20-fold. However, this response was significantly reduced with the coadministration of the ...
Ramchandani V A - - 2001
Several studies have evaluated the effect of food on alcohol pharmacokinetics; however, most studies have used oral alcohol administration, which cannot separate the influence of food on absorption from its influence on alcohol elimination. Alcohol clamping uses intravenous alcohol and provides a direct measure of the alcohol elimination rate (AER). ...
Kokavec A - - 2001
Alcohol can have an effect on almost every cell in the human body and it is becoming increasingly clear that when alcohol is consumed the prior nutritional status of the individual may be an important factor for long-term health. The salt and water hypothesis integrates the biochemical findings from the ...
Levine R S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: To compare the bedtime consumption of sugar-sweetened food and drinks by children with their caries experience. The subjects were 600 children aged 2 to 16 years from two communities in northern England with high overall caries levels, who attended two general dental practices as new patients. The ...
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