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Rowland Neil E - - 2005
High elective intake of ethanol was achieved in rats by presenting ethanol in palatable vehicles. We simultaneously measured intake of food (chow) to assess the accuracy of caloric compensation for the energy in the alcoholic commodity. In the first study, we used beer; nonalcoholic beer was consumed in large amounts, ...
Savoca Margaret R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although relatively little is known about the responsible factors, there is an increased prevalence of essential hypertension in youth. Our previous research using casual blood pressure (BP) suggests a role for caffeine intake. The objective of this study was to assess the association between caffeine intake and ambulatory BP ...
Lanier Sarah A - - 2005
Alcoholic beverages are complex stimuli, giving rise to sensations that promote or inhibit intake. Previous research has shown associations between 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) bitterness, one marker of genetic variation in taste, and alcohol behaviors. We tested the PROP bitterness and alcohol intake relationship as mediated by tastes of sampled alcoholic beverages. ...
Ang Catharina Y W - - 2004
Several bioactive botanicals including St. John's wort (SJW; Hypericum perforatum L.) have been used to formulate functional foods and beverages. This study aimed to investigate the stability of SJW components in aqueous solutions and fruit-flavored drinks. Changes of active marker components (hypericin, pseudohypericin, hyperforin, and adhyperforin) as affected by pH ...
Engelhard Sonja - - 2004
On the basis of absorption measurements in the near-infrared (NIR) spectral range, a new method for the quantification of the ethanol content of beer is presented. Instead of the multivariate calibration models most commonly employed in NIR spectroscopic works, we use interpretive difference spectroscopy: Two wavelengths are selected according to ...
Schroff Karl C - - 2004
Specific inbred mouse strains such as C57BL/6J and DBA/2J show differences in consumption of and reaction on drugs of abuse. For example, C57BL/6J mice voluntarily consume greater amounts of ethanol than DBA/2J mice. Recently, it could be shown that a short environmental experience--12 days of food shortage followed by a ...
Gonzalez-Quintela Arturo - - 2004
Alcoholic drinks are involved in a variety of hypersensitivity reactions. These include flushing syndrome, anaphylactoid reactions (urticaria/angioedema and even shock), as well as the triggering of asthma, food allergy or exercise-induced anaphylaxis in susceptible subjects. In addition, there is increasing evidence that alcohol intake may play a role as a ...
Yeomans Martin R - - 2004
The effects of alcohol on food and energy intake in human subjects have been the subject of a number of controlled studies recently. Unlike the evidence for other macronutrients, there is minimal evidence for any compensatory reduction in food intake in response to energy ingested as alcohol. In contrast, all ...
Jayeola, C. O.; Cocoa ...
The fresh nuts (seeds) of kola (Cola nitida) were used in the preparation of kola soft drink. Proximate analysis of the nut was carried out to determine its moisture, ash, protein, carbohydrate, fat and caffeine contents. The pH, total solids, specific gravity, caffeine and sensory attributes of the developed kola ...
Abel Ernest L - - 2004
Not all heavy drinkers become intoxicated. We sought to improve predictability of intoxication of heavy drinkers. Based on criteria for heavy drinking in the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA), we identified characteristics related to heavy drinking. We then created a dichotomous heavy drinker typology variable (yes/no) and determined ...
Stacey Phillip S - - 2004
Insufficient thiamine intake during heavy alcohol dependence has been well established as a precursor to alcohol-related brain damage, including Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. This study compared the alcohol and thiamine intakes of 35 alcohol-dependent patients upon admission for detoxification with 49 healthy young undergraduates. Subjects were interviewed using a retrospective diary that ...
Khrimian Ashot - - 2004
We report two new syntheses of (2S,3R)-2-(2Z,5Z-octadienyl)-3-nonyloxirane, the main sex pheromone component of the pink moth, Lymantria mathura. The key step in the first route was the construction of (Z,Z)-1-bromo-1,4-heptadiene (6), which was coupled in the final step with 2-iodomethyl-3-nonyloxirane 4 via a Grignard reaction. The second approach employed alkylation ...
Maruyama Shigeo - - 2004
Recent advances in high-purity and high-yield catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CVD) generation of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) from alcohol are comprehensively presented and discussed on the basis of results obtained from both experimental and numerical investigations. We have uniquely adopted alcohol as a carbon feedstock, and this has resulted in ...
Taylor Elizabeth S - - 2004
Exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) measurements may be influenced by a number of confounding factors. Reports have offered conflicting evidence as to whether caffeine consumption increases or decreases FENO. In this study we aimed to confirm whether caffeine ingestion affects FENO in patients with asthma. On two separate days, 20 patients ...
Caton S J - - 2004
To examine the potential dose-response effect of alcohol on appetite and food intake, 12 males attended the laboratory on three occasions. On each occasion, they were given a standard breakfast, then lunch 3 h later, and dinner, 4 h after that. Thirty minutes before lunch, Ss received 330 ml of ...
Scott David - - 2004
The effect of drinking tea on hydration status and mood was studied in nine male and four female members of expeditions based at Mt. Everest base camp at an altitude of 5,345 m. Whilst exposed to altitude-cold diuresis, participants were subjected to a crossover experimental design comprising two 24-h dietary ...
Carey Kate B - - 2004
The self-regulation questionnaire (SRQ) is a 63-item instrument designed to measure the generalized ability to regulate behavior so as to achieve desired future outcomes. This study extended previous psychometric evaluations of the SRQ by determining the factor structure and internal consistency of the SRQ and providing convergent and discriminant evidence ...
Duka Theodora - - 2004
This article represents the proceedings of a symposium at the 2003 annual meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism in Fort Lauderdale, FL, organized by Theodora Duka and chaired by Dai Stephens. The purpose of the symposium was to examine the effects of multiple experiences of withdrawal from alcohol in ...
Rouillier Philippe - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Establishing patterns of alcohol consumption may be useful for investigating the relationship between alcohol and diseases. METHODS: We used a hierarchical agglomerative clustering method to describe the intake of eight types of alcoholic beverages and to determine drinking patterns in a cohort of 1797 men enrolled in a French ...
Gurpegui Manuel - - 2004
Several studies suggest that caffeine intake is high in patients with schizophrenia and a few of them suggest that caffeine may contribute to schizophrenia symptomatology. None of these studies control for the effect of tobacco smoking, which is associated with induction of caffeine metabolism. Therefore, the high amount of caffeine ...
Kourkoutas Y - - 2004
Kluyveromyces marxianus IMB3 yeast cells were immobilized on delignified cellulosic material, apple, and quince separately. Both immobilized and free cells were used in high-temperature wine making, and their fermented grape must contained 3 to 4% alcohol. Semisweet wines were produced by the addition of potable alcohol to the fermented must. ...
Ekholm Ola - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the accuracy of recall on self-reported alcohol intake. DESIGN: Population-based random sample. SETTING: The Danish Health and Morbidity Survey 1994. SUBJECTS: The study is based on 6,354 persons chosen at random among the adult Danish citizens. The response rate was 77%. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Number of alcoholic ...
Cibicková Eubica - - 2004
Even though coffee is not considered to be responsible for development of peptic ulcer, it may, however, prolong its healing by increasing acidity of gastric content. In our former work we observed a profound increase in sucrose permeability (above normal values) in healthy volunteers regularly drinking coffee for years. In ...
De Simón Brígida Fernández - - 2003
A red Rioja wine was aged in barrels made of Spanish oak wood (Quercus robur, Quercus petraea,Quercus pyrenaica, and Quercus faginea) during 21 months. The concentrations of some volatile compounds [syringaldehyde, vanillin, eugenol, maltol, guaiacol, 4-ethylphenol, cis and trans isomers of beta-methyl-gamma-octalactone, 2-furfuraldehyde, 5-methyl-2-furfuraldehyde, 5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-furfuraldehyde, and furfuryl alcohol] were studied ...
Navarro Montserrat - - 2003
Over the last 30 years, evidence has emerged indicating that the central melanocortin (MC) peptide system is involved with neurobiological responses to drugs of abuse. Recently, rats selectively bred for high ethanol preference were shown to have altered brain levels of MC receptor (MCR) and central infusion of the potent ...
Yim Andrew - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: (1) To develop a useful tool to measure food, alcohol and tobacco items; (2) to document the availability of these items in Almaty, Kazakstan; (3) to describe the relationship between consumption and availability; and (4) to identify possible relationships between availability and health outcomes in the city and region. ...
Thiele Todd E - - 2003
Ethanol is a caloric compound, and ethanol drinking and food intake are both appetitive and consummatory behaviors. Furthermore, both ethanol and food have rewarding properties. It is therefore possible that overlapping central pathways are involved with uncontrolled eating and excessive ethanol consumption. A growing list of peptides has been shown ...
Yeomans Martin R - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Alcohol is commonly consumed around mealtimes, and both the immediate pharmacological actions of ethanol and the energy generated by metabolism of alcohol have the potential to modify food intake. Effects of moderate alcohol consumption on food intake in humans will be reviewed, and potential mechanisms considered. RECENT ...
Odum Amy L. - - 2003
For drug-dependent individuals, drugs of abuse that are delayed in time are discounted more steeply than money delayed in time in a hypothetical choice task. The reasons for this finding are not clear. This study examined whether steep discounting of drugs relative to money might be related to the function ...
French Simone A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Trends between 1977/1978 and 1994/1998 in the prevalence, amounts, and sources of soft drink consumption were examined among youth age 6 to 17 years. DESIGN: Dietary intake data were examined from three national surveys: the Nationwide Food Consumption Survey 1977/1978 (n=8,908), and the combined Continuing Survey of Food Intakes ...
Holroyd Clay B - - 2003
A recent study indicates that alcohol consumption reduces the amplitude of the error-related negativity (ERN), a negative deflection in the electroencephalogram associated with error commission. Here, we explore possible mechanisms underlying this result in the context of two recent theories about the neural system that produces the ERN - one ...
Ama P F M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate use and awareness of lawful and unlawful substances by amateur footballers in Yaounde, Cameroon. METHODS: A total of 1116 amateur footballers (1037 male and 79 female) out of 1500 contacted participated in this study. They were divided into three groups: elite players (n = 314); local players ...
Nagaoka Hiroyuki - - 2003
We confirmed that an NAD(P)+-dependent secondary alcohol dehydrogenase (NAD(P)-E) can be easily and effectively isolated from pea, soybean, and wheat proteins immobilized with calcium alginate gel (IPP, ISP, and IWP, respectively). The estimated molecular mass of NAD(P)-E is 138.7 kDa, and the concentrations of NAD(P)-E in solution are 36.2 (IPP), ...
van Engeland Manon - - 2003
Sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) is characterized by genetic and epigenetic changes such as regional DNA hypermethylation and global DNA hypomethylation. Epidemiological and animal studies suggest that aberrant DNA methylation is associated with low dietary folate intake, which is aggravated by high alcohol intake. The relationship between promoter methylation of genes ...
Rezvani Amir H - - 2003
The present review summarizes the findings of the effects of extracts of purified compounds from several plants on alcohol intake in alcohol-preferring rats. These include St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum, HPE), kudzu (Pueraria lobata) and ibogaine (Tabernanthe iboga). Alcohol-preferring (P), Marchigian Sardinian (msP), high-alcohol-drinking (HAD), Fawn-Hooded (FH) rats were allowed ...
Hopper David J - - 2003
4-ethylphenol methylenehydroxylase from Pseudomonas putida JD1 acts by dehydrogenation of its substrate to give a quinone methide, which is then hydrated to an alcohol. It was shown to be active with a range of 4-alkylphenols as substrates. 4-n-propylphenol, 4-n-butylphenol, chavicol, and 4-hydroxydiphenylmethane were hydroxylated on the methylene group next to ...
De Witte Ph - - 2003
The withdrawal syndrome in alcohol-dependent patients appears to be a major stressful event whose intensity increases with repetition of detoxifications according to a kindling process. Disturbances in the balance between excitatory and inhibitory neural processes are reflected in a perturbed physical state while disturbances in the balance between positive and ...
Chadwick Darren D - - 2003
The extent to which 40 individuals with intellectual disabilities and dysphagia and their caregivers adhered to speech and language pathology dysphagia guidelines was evaluated. These individuals were observed having a meal across four settings. In addition to monitoring overall adherence, guidelines were split into separate sections corresponding to consistency modification ...
Pelkonen Kai H O - - 2003
In spite of the general toxicity, ecotoxicity and sparsely known metabolism of silver, WHO allows silver ions (Ag) up to 0.1 mg/l in drinking water disinfection. In order to determine the accumulation and distribution of silver in a mammalian body, mice were given for 1 and 2 weeks drinking water ...
Horie Seichi - - 2003
Eight skilled workers engaged in heat-exposed work in front of a blast furnace in a steel factory were asked to drink a sports drink or one of its dilutions of x 2, x 3, or x 5 during a regular daytime shift in the summer of 1999. A regular lunch ...
Nwakeze Peter C - - 2003
The study examined the effects of homelessness on access to public entitlements (Medicaid and food stamp programs) in a soup kitchen population. Data were collected between 1997 and 1999 from a sample of 343 adults at two soup kitchen sites in New York City. Five hypotheses, focusing on the effects ...
Villanueva C M - - 2003
Trihalomethanes (THM) and haloacetic acids (HAA) are the most frequent chlorination by-products (CBP) in finished drinking waters. Traditionally, THM have been used as surrogates for CBP although the quantitative association between THM and other CBP is not well established. This problem is addressed in the present study from the analysis ...
Bachmanov Alexander A - - 2003
This article presents the proceedings of a symposium at the 2002 RSA/ISBRA Meeting in San Francisco, California, co-organized by Julie A. Mennella and Alexander A. Bachmanov of the Monell Chemical Senses Center. The goal of this symposium was to review the role that chemosensory factors (taste, smell, and chemical irritation) ...
Millichap J Gordon - - 2003
Diet can play an important role in the precipitation of headaches in children and adolescents with migraine. The diet factor in pediatric migraine is frequently neglected in favor of preventive drug therapy. The list of foods, beverages, and additives that trigger migraine includes cheese, chocolate, citrus fruits, hot dogs, monosodium ...
Buettner Andrea - - 2002
The influence of human whole saliva on selected alcohols, aldehydes, 3-alkyl-2-methoxypyrazines, and phenols in food-relevant concentrations was investigated. At pH 7.5-8 it was found that the alcohols, methoxyphenols, methoxypyrazines, and 3-hydroxy-4,5-dimethyl-2(5H)-furanone remained unmodified by saliva, whereas aldehydes were reduced to their corresponding alcohols. Generally, the processes were found to be ...
Liu Ji-Yan - - 2002
The use of butyltin compounds in some food packaging leads to the contamination of liquid food and may result in subsequent adverse effects on people's health through the food chain. A survey of butyltin compounds in Chinese alcoholic beverages purchased from retail markets was carried out by using solid-phase microextraction ...
Valtin Heinz - - 2002
Despite the seemingly ubiquitous admonition to "drink at least eight 8-oz glasses of water a day" (with an accompanying reminder that beverages containing caffeine and alcohol do not count), rigorous proof for this counsel appears to be lacking. This review sought to find the origin of this advice (called "8 ...
Tomie Arthur - - 2002
AIMS: This study asks if repeated Pavlovian pairings of a sipper tube (conditioned stimulus, CS) with food (unconditioned stimulus, US) will induce Pavlovian autoshaping conditioned responses (CRs), consisting of drinking of either 6% ethanol or water from the sipper CS. This study also tests predictions derived from the autoshaping model ...
Nguyen Quang An - - 2002
The alkaloids norchelerythrine, magnoflorine and (-)(S)-O-methylbalfourodinium cation were isolated from Zanthoxylum scandens bark collected in Vietnam, together with the flavanone glycoside hesperidin and the phenylpropanoids (E)-O-geranylconiferyl alcohol and (E)-O-geranylconiferyl alcohol (9Z, 12Z)-linoleate. This latter is a novel compound whose structure was elucidated on the basis of its spectral data and ...
Buemann B B Research Department of Human Nutrition and Center for Advanced Food Studies, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark. - - 2002
Alcoholic beverage drinking may increase total energy intake at a meal by various mechanisms and this effect may depend on the sort of beverage. To test the effect of wine, beer and a soft drink served with a normal meal on food and total energy intake in non-obese men. A ...
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