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Torbey Estelle - - 2011
Ginseng is a frequently used food additive and considered to be relatively safe. Long QT syndrome can be hereditary or acquired. It presents as syncope, sudden cardiac death, or seizures. We report the novel case of a female patient without cardiovascular risk factors who developed prolonged QT with subsequent torsades ...
Yeomans Martin R MR University of Sussex, Brighton, UK. - - 2010
The present study examined further the short-term effects of alcohol on food intake and appetite in women volunteers, testing the extent to which the apparent appetizing effects of alcohol depend on (a) expectations that alcohol had been consumed and (b) disinhibition of dietary restraint. Twenty restrained and 20 unrestrained women ...
Musshoff Frank - - 2010
Urine testing for ethyl glucuronide (EtG) is used to spot recent alcohol intake and is utilized to document alcohol abstinence. However, other possible sources of ethanol existed when special beverages or foods were ingested. EtG concentration curves in urine were measured after the consumption of non-alcoholic beers, fruit juices, sauerkraut, ...
Mayer O O - - 2010
It has been reported that alcohol stimulates appetite. We aimed to establish the association between leptin, as a major food intake regulating factor, and alcohol intake in patients with chronic manifest coronary artery or cerebrovascular disease. A cross-sectional study of 820 subjects after acute coronary syndrome, coronary revascularization or after ...
Gulick Danielle D Neuroscience Center, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, NH 03756, - - 2010
The Syrian golden hamster drinks alcohol readily, but only achieves moderate blood alcohol levels, and does not go through withdrawal from alcohol. Because the hamster is a model of caloric homeostasis, both caloric content and reward value may contribute to the hamster's alcohol consumption. The current study examines alcohol consumption ...
Devineni Anita V - - 2010
Alcohol abuse is a pervasive problem known to be influenced by genetic factors, yet our understanding of the mechanisms underlying alcohol addiction is far from complete. Drosophila melanogaster has been established as a model for studying the molecular mechanisms that mediate the acute and chronic effects of alcohol. However, the ...
Marchini Leonardo - - 2010
Abstract Alcohol intake and estrogen deficiency can both affect bone physiology and have shown to have an adverse effect on dental implant therapy. However, the combination of both factors on osseointegration is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate osseointegration in rats fed with alcohol and presenting induced ...
Harper Todd A - - 2010
The recent interest in health promotion and disease prevention has drawn attention to the role of the alcohol and junk-food industries. Companies supplying, producing, advertising or selling alcohol or junk food (ie, foods with a high content of fat, sugar or salt) do so to generate profits. Even companies marketing ...
Heckman Melanie A - - 2010
Caffeine ranks as one of the top most commonly consumed dietary ingredients throughout the world. It is naturally found in coffee beans, cacao beans, kola nuts, guarana berries, and tea leaves including yerba mate. The total daily intake, as well as the major source of caffeine varies globally; however, coffee ...
Naska Androniki - - 2010
To evaluate time trends in the availability of soft drinks, to identify food choices associated with their consumption and to assess the relationship between socio-economic status and daily soft drink availability in a wide range of European countries. Data on food and beverage availability collected through the national household budget ...
Sherriff Jill - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To analyse sports sponsorship by food and alcohol companies by quantifying the proportion of time that the main sponsor's logo was seen during each of three cricket telecasts, the extent of paid advertising during the telecast and the contribution by the main sponsor to this, and to describe the ...
Sreenath Kundimi - - 2010
Sugar alcohols are widely used as food additives and drug excipients. d-Xylitol (INS 967), an important five-carbon sugar alcohol, is a natural constituent of many fruits and vegetables. The critical reagent for an immunoassay of haptens is the requirement of hapten-specific antibodies. Here, affinity-purified xylitol-specific antibodies generated earlier [Sreenath, K.; ...
Yeomans Martin R - - 2010
The increased recognition that the worldwide increase in incidence of obesity is due to a positive energy balance has lead to a focus on lifestyle choices that may contribute to excess energy intake, including the widespread belief that alcohol intake is a significant risk factor for development of obesity. This ...
Frisardi Vincenza - - 2010
In recent years, interest in the potential role of metals in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has grown considerably. In particular, aluminum (Al) neurotoxicity was suggested after its discovery in the senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles that represent the principal neuropathological hallmarks of AD. Al is omnipresent in everyday ...
Rodan Aylin R - - 2010
Drosophila melanogaster is commonly found near rotting or fermenting fruit, reflected in its name pomace, or vinegar fly. In such environments, flies often encounter significant levels of ethanol. Three observations have made Drosophila a very promising model organism to understand the genetic contributions to the behavioral responses to alcohol. First, ...
Frisardi Vincenza - - 2010
In recent years, interest in the potential role of metals in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has grown considerably. In particular, aluminum (Al) neurotoxicity was suggested after its discovery in the senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles that represent the principal neuropathological hallmarks of AD. Al is omnipresent in everyday ...
Fletcher Jason M - - 2010
Soft drink consumption has been hypothesized as one of the major factors in the growing rates of obesity in the US. Nearly two-thirds of all states currently tax soft drinks using excise taxes, sales taxes, or special exemptions to food exemptions from sales taxes to reduce consumption of this product, ...
Wöber Christian - - 2010
Identification of trigger factors or precipitants is frequently recommended as a basic strategy in the treatment of migraine and tension-type headache (TTH). Trigger factors increase the probability of headache in the short term. Potential trigger factors have been examined most frequently in migraine and less often in TTH. Many of ...
Orbach Dara N - - 2010
In the wild, frugivorous and nectarivorous bats often eat fermenting fruits and nectar, and thus may consume levels of ethanol that could induce inebriation. To understand if consumption of ethanol by bats alters their access to food and general survival requires examination of behavioural responses to its ingestion, as well ...
Hara-Kudo Yukiko - - 2009
Surveillance of consumer complaints related to microbial contamination in soft drinks indicated that tea drinks, and juice and juice drinks were major soft drinks involved in complaints. The frequency of complaints about juice and juice drinks is relatively high in relation to the production amount. Damage to containers during distribution ...
Chau David T - - 2010
Alcohol use disorder is common in patients with schizophrenia and is associated with poor clinical outcomes. Preliminary reports from our group and others suggest that the atypical antipsychotic clozapine may decrease alcohol use in these patients. We have previously shown that clozapine suppresses alcohol consumption for 9 days in Syrian ...
Verzeletti Chiara - - 2010
The number of studies among adolescents that focus on several lifestyle behaviours and family rules as determinant of soft drink consumption are limited. The aim of this study is to investigate the associations between daily soft drink consumption, food-related lifestyles and family rules in adolescence. The data are part of ...
Murphy Christopher - - 2009
A 44-year-old man is described with severe flaccid quadriparesis that evolved over 3 weeks. He had regularly binged on alcohol-up to 20 cans of beer per day with occasional consumption of spirits-for more than 15 years but had balanced this with regular food intake. However, for a week prior to ...
Islami Farhad - - 2009
Coffee, tea and maté may cause esophageal cancer (EC) by causing thermal injury to the esophageal mucosa. If so, the risk of EC attributable to thermal injury could be large in populations in which these beverages are commonly consumed. In addition, these drinks may cause or prevent EC via their ...
Huang A-T - - 2009
Trihalomethanes (THMs) are suspected carcinogens and reproductive toxicants commonly found in chlorinated drinking water. This study investigates THM formation during the preparation of beverages and foods using chlorinated drinking water. A total of 11 foods and 17 beverages were tested. Under the experimental conditions, each food and beverage formed THMs, ...
Gearhardt Ashley N - - 2009
Recent research suggests that excess food consumption may be conceptualized as an addictive behavior. Much of the evidence comes from neurobiological similarities between drug and food consumption. In addition, an inverse relation between alcohol consumption and body mass index (BMI) has been observed. Previous research has hypothesized that this inverse ...
Kokavec Anna - - 2009
There is an increasing evidence that long-term alcohol intake can promote damage to most of the body's major organs. However, regular consumption of a small-moderate amount of alcohol is often recommended as being beneficial to health and of concern is that the effect of ingesting commercially available alcohol products on ...
Eamsobhana Praphathip - - 2009
Human infection with the rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Parastrongylus cantonensis) in Thailand, especially in the northeastern region, is associated with the habit of eating koi-hoi, which contains raw snail meat. Infection results from the snails being carriers of the larval parasite. The present study was conducted to assess the effect ...
Olmos V - - 2009
The caffeine content of different beverages from Argentina's market was measured. Several brands of coffees, teas, mates, chocolate milks, soft and energy drinks were analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with ultraviolet detection. The highest concentration level was found in short coffee (1.38 mg ml(-1)) and the highest amount per ...
Erritzoe D - - 2009
Manipulations of the serotonin levels in the brain can affect impulsive behavior and influence our reactivity to conditioned reinforcers. Eating, tobacco smoking, and alcohol consumption are reinforcers that are influenced by serotonergic neurotransmission; serotonergic hypofunction leads to increased food and alcohol intake, and conversely, stimulation of the serotonergic system induces ...
Flom Julie D JD Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health, 722 West 168th Street, Room 731, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2009
Alcohol intake is one of the few modifiable risk factors for breast cancer. Current alcohol intake has been associated with mammographic density, a strong intermediate marker of breast cancer risk, though few studies have examined the effect of both current and average lifetime alcohol intake. We interviewed 262 participants from ...
Carpenter Christopher S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the effect of Sunday alcohol-sales policies on day-specific and overall alcohol consumption. METHOD: Individual-level data on overall and day-specific alcohol consumption from Canada's National Population Health Surveys, 1994-1999, were linked to province-level policy variation in whether a Sunday sales restriction was ...
Ariely Dan - - 2009
As technology has simplified meeting basic needs, humans have cultivated increasingly psychological avenues for occupying their consumption energies, moving from consuming food to consuming concepts; we propose that consideration of such "conceptual consumption" is essential for understanding human consumption. We first review how four classes of conceptual consumption-consuming expectancies, goals, ...
Denney-Wilson Elizabeth - - 2009
Soft drink and fast food are energy dense foodstuffs that are heavily marketed to adolescents, and are likely to be important in terms of risk of obesity. This study sought to examine the influences on soft drink and fast food consumption among adolescents as part of a cross-sectional survey of ...
Lachenmeier Dirk W - - 2009
Ethyl carbamate (EC) is a recognized genotoxic carcinogen, with widespread occurrence in fermented foods and beverages. No data on its occurrence in alcoholic beverages from Mexico or Central America is available. Samples of agave spirits including tequila, mezcal, bacanora and sotol (n=110), and of the sugarcane spirit cuxa (n=16) were ...
Moore Roland S - - 2009
Nationwide surveys identify food service workers as heavy alcohol users. This article analyzes dimensions and correlates of problem drinking among young adult food service workers. A telephone survey of national restaurant chain employees yielded 1,294 completed surveys. Hazardous alcohol consumption patterns were seen in 80% of men and 64% of ...
Tunnicliffe Jasmine M - - 2008
Caffeine is a proven ergogenic aid, increasing athletic performance, endurance, and mental chronometry at doses as low as 1-3 mg.kg-1. As coffee is a readily available and commonly ingested form of caffeine, the two are often equated. However, coffee also contains hundreds of other biologically active compounds, many of which ...
Wrieden Wendy L - - 2009
It is well established that the consumption of alcohol is implicated in both the cause and progression of chronic liver disease. The quantity of drink that is consumed, the pattern of drinking and type of alcoholic beverages consumed are all possible factors in disease aetiology. The impact of specific dietary ...
Gil Artyom - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is known that a range of nonbeverage alcohols including eau-de-colognes and medicinal tinctures are consumed by sections of the Russian population. Research conducted in a city in the Urals (2003 to 2005) showed that consumption of such products is associated with very high mortality from a wide range ...
Nowak Katarzyna - - 2008
Isolated populations of Procolobus kirkii on Uzi Island, Zanzibar, use Rhizophora mucronata-dominated mangrove forest for refuge. Three groups, observed over 14 months, spent up to 85% of total observation time in mangroves with brief excursions to adjacent upland coral rag forest, habitat degraded by human cutting. A large proportion of ...
Yang Richard C - - 2008
As Hmong adapt to life in Fresno, California, their dietary and lifestyle patterns are examined. Data on tobacco and alcohol use, dietary practices, and socio-demographic variables were collected from a convenience sample, stratified by age and sex. The 248 participants were interviewed. Descriptive analyses reveal that more than 63% of ...
Lyons Angela M AM Department of Psychology, Bowles Center for Alcohol Studies, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-3270, - - 2008
Drinking in the dark (DID) procedures have recently been developed to induce high levels of ethanol drinking in C57BL/6J mice, which result in blood ethanol concentrations reaching levels that have measurable affects on physiology and/or behavior. The present study determined if increased ethanol drinking associated with DID procedures may be ...
Kim Beom Su - - 2008
We prepared a nanoemulsion system with benzyl alcohol/ ethanol/Solutol/smash(R) HS 15 /water. Ketoprofen was used as a model drug in this study. The nanoemulsions of this system evidenced a high degree of stability. The droplet diameter did not change over a period of at least 3 months. The nanoemulsion containing ...
Scott Molly M MM The RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California, USA. - - 2008
Historically, the alcohol and tobacco industries have been the biggest users of outdoor advertising. However, the 1999 Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) outlawed tobacco billboards and transit furniture (e.g., bus, bench) ads, and the Outdoor Advertising Association of America (OAAA) has pledged to voluntarily eliminate ads for alcohol and tobacco within ...
Juárez Jorge - - 2008
There is evidence that naltrexone, an opioid antagonist, affects alcohol and food consumption. Though food intake is inherently involved when naltrexone effects on alcohol consumption have been studied, the differential effect of this opioid antagonist on both food and alcohol intake has not yet been reported. The present study analyzed ...
Maneze Della D Sydney South West Area Health Service, Multicultural Health Service, New South Wales. - - 2008
To describe the pattern of kava use among Tongan men in Macarthur. A kava use survey of Tongan men was conducted between May and October 2006. Seventy-three Tongan men aged over 18 completed the survey, 90% drank kava regularly at least twice a week with 20 or more cups per ...
Wiens Frank - - 2008
For humans alcohol consumption often has devastating consequences. Wild mammals may also be behaviorally and physiologically challenged by alcohol in their food. Here, we provide a detailed account of chronic alcohol intake by mammals as part of a coevolved relationship with a plant. We discovered that seven mammalian species in ...
Han Doug Hyun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Craving for alcohol and food has been studied in association with alcohol dependence and eating disorders, respectively. One subclass of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor, 1519T>C GABA(A)alpha6 has been reported to be associated with both alcohol dependence and weight gain. In this study, we hypothesized that patients being treated ...
Kerr William C WC Alcohol Research Group, Emeryville, California 94608, USA. - - 2008
To estimate the average of and sources of variation in the alcohol content of drinks served on premise in 10 Northern Californian counties. Focus groups of bartenders were conducted to evaluate potential sources of drink alcohol content variation. In the main study, 80 establishments were visited by a team of ...
Sang Yizhou - - 2008
The synthesis of cationically modified poly(vinyl alcohol), CPVA, by copolymerization of vinyl acetate and diallyldimethyl ammonium chloride (DADMAC), followed by alkaline hydrolysis was systematically studied. The application of the resulting polymer to the fine clay flocculation was also reported. The charge density and the structure of the resulting CPVA were ...
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