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Results 451 - 492 of 492
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Millard W J - - 1983
Mice of the C57BL/6J strain were given unrestricted access to food, water, and ethanol-water solutions, and intake was studied under different light-dark (LD) conditions. The instrumentation for recording licks permitted the accurate description of the temporal distribution of drinking over the 24-hr period. The 12-12 LD schedule resulted in a ...
Reid A K - - 1983
We tested the assumption of a facilitatory relation between periodic food presentation and schedule-induced drinking by examination of (a) elicited drinking, (b) drinking in anticipation of food delivery, and (c) possible indirect effects of food delivery on drinking. We exposed rats to a fixed-time 60-second schedule in which interfood intervals ...
Ator N A - - 1983
Oral self-administration of methohexital was generated in baboons that were food-restricted but not water-deprived. Stable intake of an 8% ethanol solution (two baboons) or water (two baboons) was first established in 3-h-sessions. Increasing concentrations of methohexital (0.005-10 mg/ml) then were substituted with a return to the ethanol or water baseline ...
Sandberg D - - 1982
The effects of daily injections of 5 microgram estradiol benzoate (EB) on the patterns of food and ethanol consumption were studied in ovarectomized rats given free access to food, a 10% ethanol solution, and water. EB led to an immediate, but transient, suppression of both food and ethanol intake. The ...
Borges S - - 1982
Pregnant Wistar rats were maintained on a diet of food pellets and a 10% (v/v) solution of ethanol in water during pregnancy and up to 21 days postpartum. Control groups were given food pellets and water ad libitum. The consumption of food and liquid was monitored throughout this period, so ...
Wilson N - - 1982
Ten asthmatic children with a history of cough and wheeze after drinking a cola drink performed histamine inhalation tests before and 30 minutes after a drink of Pepsi-Cola, soda water, and water on three separate study days. There was no significant change in baseline peak expiratory flow after any of ...
Kuribara H - - 1982
The effects of the tertiary cholinergic blockers atropine sulfate (AT) and scopolamine hydrobromide (SCOP), and the quaternary cholinergic blockers atropine methylnitrate (AT-Mt) and scopolamine butylbromide (SCOP-Bt), on operant response (lever-pressing) and adjunctive drinking in the rat developed under a fixed interval (FI) 1.5 min food reinforcement situation were investigated. The ...
Simpura J - - 1981
An unusual opportunity to compare drinking habits in two countries in a technically satisfying way is offered by two surveys, one conducted in Scotland in 1972 by Dight and the other in Finland in 1976 by this author. Both Scotland and Finland represent ambivalent sociocultural attitudes toward alcohol, and the ...
Stich H F - - 1981
Cultured Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells were exposed for 3 h to furan and 6 furan derivatives (furfural, furfuryl alcohol, 5-methyl furfural, 2-methyl furan, 2,5-dimethyl furan and 2-furyl methyl ketone). Each of the 6 furan derivatives induced a relatively high frequency of chromatid breaks and chromatid exchanges in the absence ...
Boscarino J - - 1981
Analysis of alcohol consumption among veterans (N = 684) included in a 1977 national household survey of 3,322 adults confirmed previous findings based on 1975 national survey data. As previously found, higher levels of alcohol consumption were significantly related to being a veteran of U.S. military service. However, when demographic ...
Kolonel L N - - 1981
In order to determine the extent of correspondence between husbands and wives in their personal habits, a sample of 281 spouse pairs was interviewed regarding their smoking, drinking, and dietary habits. Both aggregate and within-pair agreements were examined. There was good correspondence between husbands and wives for a majority of ...
Freedman B J - - 1980
Sulphur dioxide is widely used in the food and drinks industries for its properties as a preservative and antioxidant. Whilst harmless to healthy persons when used in recommended concentrations, it can induce asthma when inhaled or ingested by sensitive subjects, even in high dilution. About one in nine asthmatics gives ...
Kinney L - - 1979
Rats were given cued and uncued inescapable shock; their voluntary alcohol intake was compared to a group given a yoked cue but no shock. Results suggested that, unlike uncued inescapable shock, cued inescapable shock caused an increase in voluntary alcohol intake, although the increase was insufficient to produce overt inebriation. ...
Walker E A - - 1979
Volatile nitrosamines were determined in alcoholic drinks during epidemiologic studies on the relationship between esophageal cancer incidence and alcohol consumption in Normandy, France. Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) was found commonly in most alcoholic drinks tested, with the exception of wine. The average level, about 2 micrograms/liter in beers, was higher than that ...
Macdonall J S - - 1979
The effects of food satiation, ethanol concentration, and the schedule of ethanol availability on the rate of ethanol consumption were investigated in rats. In Experiment 1 separate groups were exposed to 6.2 or 12.5% w/v ethanol and unlimited access to food. The food and ethanol were available concurrently for one ...
Harford T C - - 1979
The contextual differentiation of beverage specific consumption is examined in a metropolitan area household survey of current drinkers. The findings indicate that beverage specific consumption is related to such structural proportions as presence/absence of food, drinking location, type of companion, and duration. Wine, for example, is frequently associated with mealtimes, ...
Brown R A - - 1979
When a glass (150 ml) of a preferred/non-preferred orange drink was visible alcoholic subjects drank less than non-alcoholics. When a glass+jug (900 ml) was visible the alcoholics drank significantly more than the non-alcoholics. The cues of quantity visible and preference had an additive effect on the alcoholics' consumption. The experiment ...
Brozinsky S - - 1979
A patient with a history of alcohol abuse, who presented with severe malnutrition, was subjected to serial jejunal biopsies during his hospitalization. The improvement in villous size and absorptive cell ultrastructure paralleled his clinical recovery. It is concluded that the caloric and trophic benefits of food, the pancreatic and vitamin ...
Rosenberg K - - 1978
1. There was a significant increase in oxygen consumption in ten women after small intakes of alcohol. 2. No significant difference was found between the average increase in metabolic rate over 3 h after an isoenergetic meal of food or of food plus alcohol. However, during the last half of ...
van Delden W - - 1978
The allozyme polymorphism at the alcohol dehydrogenase locus in Drosophila melanogaster was studied in order to obtain experimental evidence about the maintenance of this polymorphism. Populations started with different initial allele frequencies from homozygous F and S lines showed a convergence of frequencies on regular food at 25 degrees, leading ...
Denoble V J - - 1978
Responding by 4 monkeys was maintained under a fixed ratio 10 (FR 10) schedule for either food, intravenous sucrose or alcohol. The 20 hr sessions were divided so that food was available during hours 1, 6, 11, 16 and alcohol or sucrose during hours 2-5, 7-10, 12-15, and 17-20. All ...
Lewis E A - - 1978
The aetiological factors at work in Nigerians with duodenal ulcer were examined. Stress and dietary factors were found to be major agents in the precipitation of exacerbations and recurrences of symptoms. Of the dietary agents, chillies and cassava preparations in the form of 'eba' and 'gari' are potent ulcerogenic food ...
Look J J - - 1978
The effects of neonatal undernutrition in rats on food and water regulation, external indices of development, and long-term regulatory behavior were investigated. Undernutrition produced retardation in some external indices of development. The ability to eat, drink, and maintain body weight at weaning were not seriously affected by the undernutrition. Longer ...
Purnomo - - 1977
The microfilaria of Brugia timori was compared with microfilariae of Indonesian strains of periodic and subperiodic Brugia malayi using alcohol-fixed (stained) and formalin-fixed (unstained) preparations. As noted by other observers of the Timor microfilaria, the absence of a stained sheath in Giemsa preparations, a long cephalic space with a length-to-width ...
Rowland N - - 1977
The effects on feeding and drinking of various doses of droperidol, haloperidol and spiroperidol were studied in a number of paradigms. All three buryrophenones produced generally similar effects. After food deprivation, feeding was slightly increased at low doses but was decreased at the higher doses; the concomitant postprandial drinking was ...
Weathersbee P S - - 1977
This study presents data from a mail questionnaire survey designed to determine the daily beverage consumption patterns of Mormon and non-Mormon households in Utah and southern Idaho. Mormons differed significantly from their non-Mormon counterparts in both their low intake of coffee, tea, and beer, and increased daily consumption of milk ...
McMillan D E - - 1977
Male Golden Hamsters drank large amounts of ethanol with food and water freely available, when ethanol was presented in water at concentrations of 10-40% (w/v). Although the hamsters consumed an average of 13.8 g/kg/day of ethanol for 3 months, no withdrawal signs were observed during 4 days without ethanol, nor ...
Freed W J - - 1977
Hungry rats drink extremely large amounts of water when they are intermittently fed small amount of food (schedule-induced polydipsia). Are such animals motivated to drink for long durations, to ingest large amounts of fluid, or to do both? When drinking-tube apertures were decreased to slow the rate of water ingestion, ...
Nebel O T - - 1976
The incidence and precipitating factors associated with symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux were evaluated by a questionnaire in 446 hospitalized and 558 nonhospitalized subjects. Of 385 control subjects 7% experienced heartburn daily, 14% noted heartburn weekly, and 15% experienced it once a month, giving a total of 36% of subjects having heartburn ...
Kakihana R - - 1976
The effect of chronic consumption of alcohol on the circadian variations of the plasma corticosterone investigated in DBA/2J male mice. After 15 weeks of alcohol consumption (3.8%w/v for the first week and 7.5% for subsequent weeks) the alcohol groups exhibited a flattened circadian corticosterone curve, the level being intermediate between ...
Lin Y - - 1976
Forty-five ml of 95% alcohol, diluted to 150 ml with orange juice, was taken orally by six adult male volunteers under the following conditions: A (fasting), B (following a light breakfast), C (following a heavy breakfast), D (following a steak meal), E (alcohol 1 hr after a heavy breakfast), and ...
Drori D - - 1976
1. A 21 d slaughter trial was done using weanling male rats offered sodium chloride added at 10, 20 and 30 g/kg to a nutritionally adequate, control diet containing 13 g NaCl/kg, or added to the drinking-water at 5, 10 or 15 g NaCl/l. Food and drinking-water with or without ...
Rorabaugh W J - - 1976
From 1790 to 1830 American consumption of alcoholic beverages generally rose, with an increased use of spirits, a high but declining consumption of hard cider, and a negligible intake of wine and beer. Intake of absolute alcohol peaked in 1830, at a rate twice that estimated for 1970. From 1830 ...
Gilbert R M - - 1976
Quantitative analysis of beverages prepared at home by staff of the Addiction Research Foundation revealed a lower and much more variable caffeine content of both tea and coffee than had been reported in earlier studies, most of which were based on analysis of laboratory-prepared beverages. Median caffeine concentration of 37 ...
Duke B O - - 1975
The effect of various substances on the output of Onchocerca volvulus microfilariae in the urine was investigated in volunteers infected with the Cameroon forest and Sudan-savanna strains of the parasite. Output of microfilariae in the urine tended to be higher during periods of normal activity than during sleep. During waking ...
Pennock C A - - 1975
A study has been made of glycosaminoglycans in normal urine to determine which are non-dialysable, which are ultrafilterable, and which are precipitable with cetypyridinium chloride or alcohol. The main fractions present in human urine are: (1) High molecular weight material which is non-dialysable and precipitated by alcohol and by cetylpyridinium ...
Patek A J AJ - - 1975
Alcohol intakes and dietary habits of 304 alcoholic, hospitalized patients were evaluated. There were 195 patients with hepatic cirrhosis, 40 precirrhotics, and 69 noncirrhotics. Alcohol contributed 50% to 58% of total calories. Two thirds of the patients drank excessively for more than 20 years. There were no statistically significant differences ...
Bakker H R - - 1975
The food and fluid intake, the fecal weight and weight of urine voided, urinary and plasma osmolality and neurohypophysial content of vasopressin and oxytocin were measured in groups of rats injected with oil and vasopressin (0.5 IU Pitressin tannate in oil daily, i.m.) before, during and after substitution of a ...
One in a series of dental health patient information leaflets produced by the British Dental Health Foundation as part of their 'Tell me about...' collection. This document focuses on how a healthy diet can help your teeth and general oral health and is in a Q&amp;A format. Issues covered include ...
Ruxton C - - 2009
This article examines the benefits and risks associated with caffeinated foods and drinks, taking an evidence-based approach to identify appropriate daily caffeine limits. Suggestions are provided on how to structure dietary advice for different patient groups including children, individuals with hypertension, renal patients, athletes and older adults.
Kunkee R E - - 1968
Secondary fermentation of sweet wine was prevented by the Delle stabilization procedure. For this procedure, advantage is taken of the inhibitory effects of high concentrations of sugar as well as of alcohol. Thus, relatively small amounts of wine spirits were added to fermenting musts to obtain stability, as compared to ...
MYERS R D - - 1961
Normal rats which refused 5-and 20-percent alcohol in a previous study were restricted to 5-percent and 20-percent solutions in their home cages for either 30 or 120 days. Differential preferences for alcohol solutions of up to 8-percent were established as a function of length of time animals consumed alcohol but ...
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