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Shawl, Amber
<p>The large gastropod queen conch, Strombus gigas, is a valuable food source throughout the Caribbean and the Florida region. The markets for S. gigas are adult meat for chowders and fritters, and shells for decoration. Excessive over-fishing of S. gigas has led to its listing on Appendix II of CITES ...
Abdalla A A - - 2001
Life history and reproductive parameters of the generalist predatory mite Euseius (Amblyseius) finlandicus (Oudemans) were studied in the laboratory at 25 +/- 1 degrees C, with a 16L:8D photoperiod and 60 +/- 15% RH, to investigate its response to different food sources: an eriophyid mite Aceria sp., tulip pollen Tulipa ...
Latif M A - - 2001
The effects of environmental and maternally derived methylmercury (MeHg) on the embryonic and larval stages of walleye (Stizostedion vitreum) were investigated using eggs collected during two successive spawning seasons. Eggs were collected from fish in a mercury (Hg)-polluted environment (Clay Lake, Ontario, Canada), and from fish in two relatively pristine ...
Tanaka S - - 2001
The effects of deprivation of oviposition substrate on food consumption and egg production were compared between the long-winged (LW) and the short-winged (SW) morph of a cricket, Modicogryllus confirmatus, to determine how suppressed oviposition activity would influence these traits in each wing morph. Food consumption was greatly suppressed in females ...
Tazawa H - - 2001
Previously, we have measured daily changes (developmental patterns) in embryonic heart rate (fh) in altricial and semi-altricial (ASA) birds (range of mean fresh egg mass approximately 1-20 g), semi-precocial seabirds (egg mass approximately 38-288 g) and precocial birds (egg mass approximately 6-1400 g). An allometric relationship between embryonic fh at ...
Pan M L - - 2001
Most insects produce two or more storage hexamers whose constituents and developmental profiles are sufficiently different to suggest specialization in the ways that they support metamorphosis and reproduction. Hexamerin specializations are compared here in the Cecropia moth (Hyalophora cecropia), which produces eggs during the pupal-adult molt, and the Monarch butterfly ...
- - 2000
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is revising its food labeling regulations to require a safe handling statement on cartons of shell eggs that have not been treated to destroy Salmonella microorganisms. The agency also is requiring that, when held at retail establishments, shell eggs be stored and displayed under ...
Xiao S - - 2000
Phosphatic sedimentary rocks preserve a record of early animal life different from and complementary to that provided by Ediacaran fossils in terminal Proterozoic sandstones and shales. Phosphorites of the Doushantuo Formation, South China, contain eggs, egg cases, and stereoblastulae that document animals of unspecified phylogenetic position; small fossils containing putative ...
McIntosh W A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that the recent decline in egg consumption in the United States was, in part, the result of a food scare that began in the 1960's. METHODS: Using the Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature, the frequency of articles about eggs, dietary cholesterol and heart disease in popular magazines ...
Tanabe S - - 2000
A novel method for producing a low ovomucoid egg white preparation is proposed. Egg white powder (0.5 g) was dissolved in a 10-fold weight of distilled water and adjusted to pH 5, and ethanol was added to the solution at a final concentration of 20% (v/v). The mixture was vigorously ...
McDaniel B A - - 2000
On April 7, 1998, the United Poultry Concerns filed a petition with the Department of Health and Human Services of the Food and Drug Administration calling for the elimination of the practice of forced molting of laying hens in the US. In reaction to this petition, this study investigated the ...
K. L. Teather
The cause of size differences among developing fish is often not clear. We examined variability in egg size and in incubation time to determine whether either influenced hatching size or initial rates of growth in Japanese Medaka (Oryzias latipes). We also tested the prediction that larger females should produce heavier ...
Kirunda D F - - 2000
The TA-XT21 texture analyzer (TA) was used to evaluate vitelline membrane strength (VMS). Fresh and aged (1 wk at 25 C) eggs (n = 48 eggs x 2 replications) were evaluated. Fresh and aged eggs were further divided into two groups of yolk only or whole egg (with intact albumen). ...
Kim KW - - 2000
Offspring of the spider Amaurobius ferox (Araneae, Amaurobiidae) were provided with trophic eggs of their mother the day after their emergence from the egg sac. This precisely timed egg laying followed after a series of mother-offspring interactions involving specific behaviors. Experiments showed that the trophic egg laying of the mother ...
Keener K M - - 2000
This study examined the effect of rapid cooling with air and CO2 on shell egg quality over 14 wk. The 240 fresh eggs were initially heated to 47 C for 24 h in an incubator, cooled using rapid air cooling or CO2 cooling, and then stored in air or CO2 ...
van Wagtendonk-de Leeuw A M - - 2000
Semen extenders containing components such as egg yolk and skim milk are difficult to standardize and they introduce the risk of microbial contamination. A well-defined extender not originating from animal tissues would present a valuable contribution to the AI industry. We evaluated the fertility of bovine semen cryopreserved with 3 ...
Léonil J - - 2000
The following review describes the development of mass spectrometry off-line and on-line coupled with liquid chromatography to the analysis of food proteins. It includes the significant results recently obtained in the field of milk, egg and cereal proteins. This paper also outlines the research carried out in the area of ...
Crozet N - - 2000
The inheritance and duplication of the sperm centriole in the sheep zygote was studied by transmission electron microscopy. We found two centrioles at one pole and a single centriole at the opposite pole of the first mitotic spindle, in monospermic eggs, 20-21 hours postinsemination. This indicated both duplication and relocation ...
Fernie K J - - 2000
Changes in the quality of eggs of birds exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been described, but have never been directly attributed to PCBs. Polychlorinated biphenyl residues in eggs have been associated with reduced reproductive success and embryonic deformities in wild birds. Egg size and composition, specifically the amount of ...
Yoon H - - 2000
In view of the direct contact between food residues and metabolites and the large bowel mucosa, it might be expected that food consumption patterns would affect the risk of colorectal carcinogenesis. Many lines of evidence support the adenoma-carcinoma sequence as the major mechanism of colorectal carcinogenesis. The present study aimed ...
Watson T M - - 2000
Methods are described for the laboratory colonization of Aedes notoscriptus from Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. To initiate colonization, efforts were made to duplicate the natural environment of this species, including the use of a bromeliad as a swarm marker and oviposition substrate. The colony stabilized after the F8 with eclosion rates ...
Mullens B A - - 2000
Northern fowl mites were monitored on a caged-layer operation in southern California for 22 mo. Three experienced observers underestimated actual numbers of mites in the vent region approximately 80% of the time. Errors were higher for heavy infestations. Observer estimates were highly correlated with each other (r > 0.89, P ...
Jackson D C - - 2000
We tested two hypotheses: first, that the inferior anoxia tolerance of the softshell turtle, Apalone spinifera, compared to the western painted turtle, Chrysemys picta bellii, is related to its less mineralized shell, and second, that turtle bone, like its shell, stores lactate during prolonged anoxia. Lactate concentrations of blood, hindlimb ...
Lewis P D - - 2000
1. Responses to ultraviolet (UV) radiation were studied in two trials. In one trial, sexually mature pullets, that had been maintained on an 8L:16D regimen from 2 d of age, were exposed sequentially, for periods of 9 to 12 d, to a further 8 h of very dim visible light ...
Durant J M - - 2000
To investigate the composition of the body reserves made during pre-laying by breeding European barn owls (Tyto alba), we have analysed the body composition of captive breeding and non-breeding females sacrificed during the laying period. The data obtained were compared to the daily requirement for egg formation obtained by an ...
Thibaut T - - 2000
The Mediterranean ascoglossan Oxynoe olivacea and Lobiger serradifalci, which are scarce in meadows of their usual food the alga Caulerpa prolifera, have become adapted to feeding on the invading tropical alga Caulerpa taxifolia. Grazing rates are low (O. olivacea destroys only a 5-cm C. taxifolia frond in 3-7 d). The ...
Gunnarsson S - - 2000
The effect of rearing with and without perches on the spatial ability of domestic hens (Gallus gallus domesticus) was investigated. No access or late access to perches during rearing has been shown to increase the later prevalence of floor eggs and cloacal cannibalism in loose-housed laying hens. This may be ...
Waggoner L E - - 2000
Egg-laying behavior in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans involves fluctuation between alternative behavioral states: an inactive state, during which eggs are retained in the uterus, and an active state, during which eggs are laid in bursts. We have found that the flp-1 gene, which encodes a group of structurally related neuropeptides, ...
El-Lethey H - - 2000
1. Possible association between high rates of feather pecking and increased stress were investigated in laying hens. 2. From week 19 to week 30 after hatching, 16 groups of 11 hens (white Lohman Selected Leghorn hybrids) were kept in pens with or without long-cut straw as foraging material and provided ...
Yeung J M - - 2000
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to determine the presence of egg proteins in foods. The polyclonal antibodies developed were specific to whole egg proteins and did not cross-react with any of the 38 nuts, legumes, or other common food ingredients tested. The concentrations of egg proteins that will ...
Applegate T J - - 1999
Villus growth, enterocyte migration and proliferation were measured in the small intestine of poults (Meleagridis gallopavo) to determine if hen age and/or egg size influences these characteristics during the first week after hatching. At hatching, distal jejunal villi were 22.8 microns longer in poults from the older (48 weeks) versus ...
Homma S - - 1999
Isopower or topographic electrogastrograms (EGG) correspond to topographic electroencephalograms. Both project the topographic localizations of the spectral frequencies on the abdominal surface or scalp. This paper compares the pre-operative control isopower EGG maps with those of total gastrectomy or total colectomy. EGGs were recorded simultaneously at 27 locations on the ...
Veen, Johan Wilhelm van
We examined the food provisioning and oviposition process (POP) for worker- and gyne-producing cells of Melipona beecheii. POPs for both castes did not differ significantly in duration and number of trophic eggs oviposited by workers in the cells. The frequency of food discharges by workers in gyne-producing cells was significantly ...
Martínez-Ibarra J A - - 1999
Aspects related to hatching, life time, mortality, feeding behaviour and fecundity for each stage of Triatoma pallidipennis life-cycle were evaluated. The hatching rate observed for 200 eggs was 60% and the average time of hatching was 18 days. Eighty nymphs (N) (40%) completed the cycle and the average time from ...
Cafrune M M - - 1999
A survey of whipworms was conducted in llamas and vicuñas in northwestern Argentina. Fecal examinations of a group of 14 llamas (April 1995-March 1996) and 69 vicuñas (November 1996) indicated a high prevalence (usually >50%) of Trichuris sp. in these hosts. Prevalence was highest during July-November 1995 that also coincided ...
Hayward D G - - 1999
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) terminated the use of ball clay from a mine in Mississippi as an additive in animal feed after discovering nanogram per gram concentrations of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD). The FDA collected chicken eggs and farm-raised catfish in affected areas and throughout the remaining continental United ...
Takayasu H - - 1999
It is known that cutaneous electrogastrography (EGG) undergoes a change after food ingestion, showing increases in frequency and amplitude compared with preprandial values, but the factors regulating such changes remain to be elucidated. Paying special attention to gastrin, one of gastrointestinal peptides released after food ingestion, we administered tetragastrin in ...
Okai Y - - 1999
To estimate the embryonic toxicity of food wrapping films, the shell-free chick embryos were cultured using plastic wrapping sheets like a suspending hammock. Polyethylene (PE) wrapping sheets with no additives showed much higher survivability than polyvinylchloride (PVC) wrapping sheets including plasticizers. Furthermore when a PVC wrapping sheet was autoclaved at ...
Capozzi F - - 1999
An inexpensive external unit that allows the use of a commercial high-resolution NMR spectrometer as a very low frequency instrument is described. The external unit is phase coherent, the pulse timing being given by the parent spectrometer. With the exception of the probe, the external unit does not contain any ...
Shalev B A - - 1999
1. Goose can be considered as an additional and inexpensive meat source, provided that the marketing age does not exceed 8 weeks. Using the ability of geese to eat grass may reduce the intake of concentrated food up to 30%. 2. According to an equation developed, growth rate accounts for ...
Leduc V - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to detect antigens and allergens in egg-white byproduct ingredients and after their incorporation in processed pork meat pastes. Commercially prepared foods may have potentially allergenic ingredients (egg, milk, soybean, wheat, and peanut) added in processing. Since allergic patients may react to unidentified ingredients, ...
Vermaut S - - 1999
1. This study was undertaken to investigate whether jojoba meal can be used as a food supplement during the laying period of chickens. 2. The size of eggs laid were smaller and the overall production rate was lower compared to control birds on food without jojoba meal supplementation. Furthermore, both ...
Arneberg P - - 1999
An experiment was performed on semiwild reindeer with naturally acquired parasite infections to assess whether measures of serum pepsinogen concentration and fecal egg counts can be used to predict effects of abomasal nematodes on reindeer weight gain and food intake. Food intake and weight gains were lower in infected calves ...
Williams T D - - 1999
We tested two alternative hypotheses: (1) that energy costs of egg production in a small, short-lived passerine, the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata), are additive to the animal's total energy budget and are met by an increase in food intake or (2) that birds compensate for the energy costs of egg ...
Wilson D - - 1999
Seventy-three employees at a food processing factory employing 2700 staff reported vomiting, diarrhoea, or abdominal pain between 30 July and 3 August 1997. Salmonella enteritidis phage type (PT) 4 was isolated from 47 symptomatic cases and five asymptomatic canteen staff. The epidemic curve suggested a point exposure to a common ...
Worsley A A Department of Public Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 1998
This paper discusses the concept of the nutrition transition in detail. It commences with an overview of societies which are recognised as being in transition. The economic foundations of the transition from traditional to modern (and post-modern societies) will be emphasised. This will be followed by an examination of the ...
Froning G W - - 1998
Egg yolk was spray-dried under conditions to produce a small particle size powder and a large particle size powder. Particle size was determined using a Nikon Optiophot microscope. Spray-dried egg yolk was also adjusted to various moisture levels as follows: control (2 to 4% moisture), 7% moisture, and 12% moisture. ...
Chapman T - - 1998
Costs of reproduction include costs of producing eggs and of mating itself. In the present study, we made an experimental investigation of costs of reproduction in the Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly, Ceratitis capitata). We demonstrated that virgins live longer than non-virgin females. However, in strong contrast to most findings within ...
Bousseau S - - 1998
The addition of components of animal origin (egg yolk, milk) to most commercial diluents used to freeze bull semen represents a potential risk of contamination of the doses with bacteria or mycoplasma. A series of quantitative and qualitative analyses were performed to detect microbiological contamination observed in Biociphos plus (a ...
Blus L J - - 1998
Eggs of Forster's terns (Sterna forsteri) collected in 1991 from nesting colonies on Crescent Island (Columbia River) and the Potholes Reservoir in south central Washington generally contained low residues of organochlorine pesticides and metabolites, 2,3,7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Hepatic cytochrome P450 enzyme activity in pipped embryos of ...
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