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Estévez Ana Lía - - 2006
Within Belostomatinae water bug species (Heteroptera, Belostomatidae) it has been hitherto believed that the completion of embryonic development is successful only if eggs are incubated on male hemelytra. Nevertheless, we found egg successful hatching from a back-brooding Belostoma elegans (Mayr) and B. micantulum (Stål) females, as well as from fertilized ...
Ishibashi Hiroshi - - 2006
The objective of this study was to investigate the reproductive success (fertility and fecundity) of medaka (Oryzias latipes) exposed to 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) in water and the viability of their F(1) offspring. In addition, we measured the bioconcentration of 4-NP in eggs. After a 21-d exposure to 100microg/l 4-NP, medaka showed ...
Ramalho Héryka M M - - 2006
Purpose Eggs are a food item of high nutritional value, a source of vitamin A and readily accessible to the general population. Methods This paper analysed the effect of cooking on the retinol levels of free-range and caged hen eggs, using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The retinol levels of ...
Ji Xiang - - 2006
Snakes are free of the pelvic girdle's constraint on maximum offspring size, and therefore present an opportunity to investigate the upper limit to offspring size without the limit imposed by the pelvic girdle dimension. We used the king ratsnake (Elaphe carinata) as a model animal to examine whether follicle ablation ...
Watanabe, M. A.; EMBRAPA ...
<div align="justify">Due to environmental disturbances and death of natural enemies, the chemical control of pests widely applied in the past time, is being replaced by biological control in large number of agricultural areas. For proper selection of natural enemies of the pests to be controlled, several biological properties of these ...
Sinclair Brent J - - 2006
Wandering albatrosses (Diomedea exulans) nest on Southern Ocean islands, building elevated nests upon which they incubate eggs and raise chicks, and which the chicks occupy through winter. The nests support high invertebrate biomass, including larvae of the flightless moth Pringleophaga marioni. Here we argue that high biomass of P. marioni ...
Brownell Sarah A - - 2006
Intact and decorticated single-celled Ascaris suum eggs were exposed to UV radiation from low-pressure, germicidal lamps at fluences (doses) ranging from 0 to 8,000 J/m2 for intact eggs and from 0 to 500 J/m2 for decorticated eggs. With a UV fluence of 500 J/m2, 0.44-+/-0.20-log inactivation (mean+/-95% confidence interval) (63.7%) ...
Cariello Mariana O - - 2006
Variation of maternal androgens in avian eggs may be a mechanism of maternal influence on offspring development, growth, and/or behavior. We studied yolk androgen concentrations in eggs of guira cuckoos (Guira guira) to understand how females might enhance the success of offspring in a complex communal breeding system. We measured ...
Oliver T H - - 2006
The effects and persistence of oviposition-deterring semiochemical cues from conspecific and heterospecific larval tracks on the oviposition rate of Aphidecta obliterata (Linnaeus) females were investigated. In addition, the effects of varying aphid prey density were considered and also whether any resulting response originated from differential nutritional status of females and/or ...
Mallet S - - 2006
1. The hygienic properties of eggs produced in two designs of furnished cage were investigated and compared to two standard cage designs. 2. At 28, 37, 47 and 58 weeks of age, the proportion of dirty eggs was higher in one of the furnished cage designs while, in the other, ...
Day Rusty D - - 2006
Sixty common murre (Uria aalge) and 27 thick-billed murre (Uria lomvia) eggs collected by the Seabird Tissue Archival and Monitoring Project (STAMP) in 1999-2001 from two Gulf of Alaska and three Bering Sea nesting colonies were analyzed for total mercury (Hg) using isotope dilution cold vapor inductively coupled mass spectrometry. ...
Telang Aparna - - 2006
Reproduction by female mosquitoes is dependent on energy resources but modulated by hormones. Our study focused on blood-meal-dependent, anautogenous Aedes aegypti and autogenous Ochlerotatus atropalpus that rely on larval-derived nutrient stores to develop eggs. To determine how larval nutrition affects the endocrinology of egg development in these females, we manipulated ...
Ivarie Robert - - 2006
The hen has long held promise as a low-cost, high-yield bioreactor for the production of human biopharmaceuticals in egg whites using genetic engineering. Two separate reports have recently appeared indicating the production of substantial levels of human monoclonal and single chain antibodies (>3 mg and >150 mg, respectively) in eggs ...
Maros Alexandra - - 2006
BACKGROUND: About 4 x 10(5) eggs in more than 5000 marine turtle nests are deposited every year on a 3.6 km long beach in French Guiana (South America). The dry biomass of eggs is estimated to be 5 x 10(3) kg, yet only 25% of this organic matter will return ...
Christel Carolyn M - - 2006
Exendin-4 is a peptide produced exclusively by the salivary glands of the Gila Monster, Heloderma suspectum. Although exendin-4 is considered a venom component, circulating plasma levels of exendin-4 have been shown to increase in response to feeding. Previous studies using mammals have demonstrated exendin-4 has prolonged plasma glucose-lowering properties. While ...
Grossmann Johannes - - 2006
The African rhombic egg eater (Dasypeltis scabra) is a colubrid snake feeding exclusively on bird eggs. Frequency of feeding is governed by the seasonal availability of bird eggs; i.e., long fasting intervals change with relatively short periods when plenty of food is available. Intermittent feeding snakes show a remarkable postprandial ...
Plaistow Stewart J - - 2006
Intergenerational effects arise when parents' actions influence the reproduction and survival of their offspring and possibly later descendants. Models suggest that intergenerational effects have important implications for both population dynamical patterns and the evolution of life-history traits. However, these will depend on the nature and duration of intergenerational effects. Here ...
Meers Theresa L - - 2005
Fungus gnats, Bradysia spp., are major insect pests in greenhouses. Adult female fungus gnats prefer to lay eggs in growing medium that is microbially active or that contains high amounts of peat moss or hardwood bark. However, egg-laying preference has not been demonstrated quantitatively. This study was designed to determine ...
Vander Wal Jillon S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypotheses that among overweight and obese participants, a breakfast consisting of eggs, in comparison to an isocaloric equal-weight bagel-based breakfast, would induce greater satiety, reduce perceived cravings, and reduce subsequent short-term energy intake. SUBJECTS: Thirty women with BMI's of at least 25 kg/M2 between the ages ...
Pradhan A K - - 2005
Contamination and penetration of salmonellae into hatching eggs may comprise an important link in the transmission of these bacteria to growing birds, processed carcasses, and eventually to the consumer. In this study, a predictive model for Salmonella typhimurium as a function of initial cell number and storage or incubation time ...
De Clercq Patrick - - 2005
Due to growing criticism over the use of non-indigenous coccinellids, the two-spot ladybird, Adalia bipunctata (L.), has enjoyed increasing attention for aphid biocontrol in Europe. In the current study, eggs of the Mediterranean flour moth, Ephestia kuehniella Zeller, whether or not supplemented with bee pollen, were evaluated as a factitious ...
Prince Emily K - - 2006
Phytoplankton exhibit a diversity of morphologies, nutritional values, and potential chemical defenses that could affect the feeding and fitness of zooplankton consumers. However, how phytoplankton traits shape plant-herbivore interactions in the marine plankton is not as well understood as for terrestrial or marine macrophytes and their grazers. The occurrence of ...
Houdijk J G M - - 2006
Protein supplementation can improve the resistance to parasites of periparturient ewes, as indicated by reduced nematode egg excretion and worm burdens. However, the rate at which this improvement can occur is largely unknown. We investigated the rate of improvement by assessing temporal changes in faecal egg counts after we experimentally ...
Terashima J - - 2005
Drosophila egg production depends upon the nutritional available to females. When food is in short supply, oogenesis is arrested and apoptosis of the nurse cells is induced at mid-oogenesis via a mechanism that is probably controlled by ecdysteroid hormone. We have shown that expression of some ecdysone-response genes is correlated ...
Herzke D - - 2005
A set of 62 unhatched eggs was collected from six different predatory bird species throughout Norway after incubation period was completed. They were analysed for PBDE, PBB, TBBP A and naturally occurring halogenated compounds. BDE 47, 99 and 153 were the dominating congeners, with species dependent PBDE patterns. BDE 153 ...
Hamed Sobhy - - 2005
A total of 22 chiral toxaphene congeners were analyzed in organ tissues and eggs of laying hens after they had been fed with food spiked with technical toxaphene. For the analysis, multidimensional high-resolution gas chromatography using a chiral column coated with randomly silylated heptakis(O-tert-butyldimethylsilyl)-beta-cyclodextrin, electron capture detection, and valveless "live ...
Elliott John E - - 2005
Temporal, spatial, and interspecific trends in polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants were determined in eggs of marine and freshwater bird species from the province of British Columbia, Canada. Temporal trends in the Fraser River estuary, 1983-2002, were examined by analysis of eggs of great blue herons (Ardea herodias) and ...
Sea turtles occur in tropical and warm temperate waters all over the world. They inhabit shallow waters along coasts and around islands, but some species are highly migratory and are commonly found in the open sea. During the nesting season, all species naturally return at regular intervals to the beaches ...
Adesiyun Abiodun - - 2005
The prevalence of antimicrobial residues in pooled table eggs from layer farms, shopping malls, and supermarkets in Trinidad was determined. A total of 23 layer farms and 14 shopping malls were sampled twice, 1 month apart, whereas 102 supermarkets were each sampled once. For each farm, 25 eggs were randomly ...
Kennamer Robert A - - 2005
Mercury contamination of wildlife populations has been documented widely in recent years as biomonitoring has become an important tool for assessing environmental contamination. Avian eggs provide an ideal assay material for Hg biomonitoring, particularly when the collection of eggs is simplified by using cavity-nesting species that nest in easily monitored ...
Schwerte Thorsten - - 2005
This is the first study to show maternal and clutch effects on early developmental parameters like blood cell concentration and cardiac performance (heart rate, stroke volume and cardiac output) in developing zebrafish larvae (2-8 days post fertilization, dpf). Ten individuals per parental pair and developmental stage were analyzed. A pronounced ...
Hicks Brendan J - - 2005
After rearing to adulthood at sea, coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) return to freshwater to spawn once and then die on or near their spawning grounds. We tested the hypothesis that spawning coho salmon return marine N and C to beaver (Castor canadensis) ponds of the Copper River Delta (CRD), Cordova, ...
Pusch Kerstin - - 2005
A wide range and occasionally high levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are reported in Arctic regions, especially among top predators. Polar bears (Ursus maritimus), arctic foxes (Alopex lagopus) and some gull species (Larus spp.) often have high levels of these fat-soluble pollutants. Gulls deposit significant levels of these contaminants ...
Charlton Bruce R - - 2005
Rapid depigmentation of brown eggs is an infrequent but startling event in the commercial egg industry that can result in significant economic losses. Loss of shell pigment in brown-shelled eggs is caused by various factors. In many cases, the exact cause of flock-wide pigment loss remains undetermined. A rapid decline ...
Mazurek Jacek - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We investigated a salmonellosis outbreak related to a cafeteria to determine its extent and to identify illness risk factors. METHODS: A case was defined as isolation of Salmonella Group D or serotype Enteritidis from the stool of a person who ate at the cafeteria during June 22-July 10, 2003, ...
Ellingsen Terje - - 2005
Eggs and larvae from the spotted wolffish (Anarhichas minor Olafsen) were analysed to study the ontogeny of the complement component C3. By Western blotting experiments, the results revealed that C3 was present already in unfertilised eggs and that there was a decrease in C3 content towards hatch, whereas the results ...
Berestizshevsky Svetlana - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report an ocular injury caused by exploding microwave-cooked eggs. DESIGN: Case reports. METHODS: Two children exposed to exploding microwaved eggs were examined for facial burns and ocular trauma. RESULTS: One patient sustained mild corneal epithelial damage in both eyes and eyelid burn, which were treated conservatively. The other, ...
Hoberg Eric P - - 2005
Monophyly for the Nematodirinae, with 5 genera, Murielus, Rauschia, Nematodiroides, Nematodirus, and Nematodirella was confirmed based on comparative morphology and phylogenetic analysis of structural characters. This concept for the nematodirines excludes the monotypic Lamanema chavezi, but otherwise corroborates generic-level diversity as defined in prior studies. Exhaustive analysis resulted in 1 ...
Burgin, Shelley
Bassianobdella fusca, which is common throughout much of Eastern Australia, has been reported to rely on blood as a means of procuring nourishment and is generally considered to be a parasite of adult amphibians, fish and invertebrates. A related species has become an economic pest in the earthworm industry. During ...
Ek Kristine H - - 2004
The increased use of platinum group elements (PGEs) in automobile catalysts and their emission into the environment has led to a concern over environmental and particularly biological accumulation. Specimens of samples from raptors are useful for the investigation of the impact of PGEs because these birds are found in both ...
Musgrove M T - - 2004
To successfully implement a hazard analysis critical control point plan, prerequisite programs are essential. Sanitation standard operating procedures are an important part of such a plan and can reduce contamination levels so that food safety and quality are not adversely affected. Noncontact surfaces in the shell egg processing plants can ...
Wolff Marta - - 2004
Determinant aspects of the development cycle of Panstrongylus rufotuberculatus (Champion, 1899) were evaluated under laboratory conditions. Fertility, duration of life cycle, mortality rate, feeding time, defecation time, thermal reaction time to food source, and volume of blood ingested were studied. From an initial cohort of fifth instars, nine adult pairs ...
Williams Kristina M - - 2004
Egg is one of the 5 major allergenic foods that are responsible for more than 3/4 of food allergies in children. Food-allergic responses can be controlled by avoidance of the offending foods. The applicability of a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit for the detection of egg in food products ...
Shriver-Lake Lisa C - - 2004
Although food is a necessity, compounds within food products can be dangerous and life-threatening for people with food allergies. These allergy-causing compounds, such as proteins from eggs and milk, must be identified on the labels of commercial products. Unintentional contamination of food with these compounds occurs as a result of ...
Wellicome Troy I - - 2005
In most animals, siblings from a given reproductive event emerge over a very short period of time. In contrast, many species of birds hatch their young asynchronously over a period of days or weeks, handicapping last-hatched chicks with an age and size disadvantage. Numerous studies have examined the adaptive significance ...
Baron Florence - - 2004
Although liquid egg white may be subjected to limited heat treatment when it is used in the fabrication of various foodstuffs, pathogenic bacteria such Salmonella Enteritidis could persist in this environment. Liquid egg white is not a favorable medium for Salmonella growth because of its alkaline pH and iron deficiency ...
Hansen Tine K - - 2004
Skin testing is a common diagnostic procedure in food allergy, but the final diagnosis of food allergy is based on the clinical response to food challenge. We studied the value of the skin prick-prick test (SPT), skin application food test (SAFT) and atopy patch test (APT) with fresh egg extract ...
Berg C - - 2004
Eggshell thinning among wild birds has been an environmental concern for almost half a century. Although the mechanisms for contaminant-induced eggshell thinning are not fully understood, it is generally conceived to originate from exposure of the laying adult female. Here we show that eggshell thinning in the domestic hen is ...
Badrinath Padmanabhan - - 2004
On 30th July 2002, the Suffolk Communicable Disease Control Team received notifications of gastrointestinal illness due to Salmonella Enteritidis in subjects who had eaten food from a Chinese restaurant on 27th July. An Outbreak Control Team was formed resulting in extensive epidemiological, microbiological and environmental investigations. Attempts were made to ...
Terashima Jun - - 2004
In Drosophila and other insects egg production is related to the nutrients available. Somehow the nutritional status of the environment is translated into hormonal signs that can be "read" by each individual egg chamber, influencing the decision to either develop into an egg or die. We have shown that BR-C ...
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