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Balogun, BI; Department of ...
The potentials of quail egg in human diet were evaluated among 44 randomly selected respondents in VOM, Plateau State. Proximate analysis indicated that quail egg has a high crude protein content of 18.2%. The findings further revealed that quail egg consumption spread across all age ranges and gender. Marital status ...
Hilgren J - - 2009
The efficacy of liquid biocides is influenced by surface cleanliness, treatment time, and temperature. Experiments were completed to measure the impact of these variables on the ability of commercial biocides to inactivate Yersinia pseudotuberculosis ATCC 29910, as a surrogate for Yersinia pestis, in the presence of food residues. The test ...
Romero L F - - 2009
This study assessed egg traits, chick traits, growth, yield, and meat quality characteristics of the offspring from broiler breeders classified by 2 measurements of energetic efficiency: residual feed intake (RFI), defined as the difference between observed and expected ME intake, and residual maintenance requirement (RME(m)), defined as the residual of ...
Gwo H-H - - 2008
Through appropriate scanning electron microscope (SEM) processing, the shape and the surface structures of just-mature eggs are preserved integrally for observation and measuring to guarantee accurate comparison and prediction on the phylogenetic relationships among three species of teleost, i.e. Acanthopagrus latus, Acanthopagrus schlegeli and Sparus sarba of Sparidae. Eggs in ...
Bertolaccini Isabel - - 2008
Marginal vegetation in crops is very important for natural enemies and their pest control capacity. The effects of Brassica nigra L. (Brassicaceae), Daucus carota L. (Apiaceae), and Sonchus oleraceous L. (Asteraceae) flowers as supplemental food on the number of eggs laid during 7 d and on the preoviposition time in ...
Collier Alex - - 2008
We observed a slight drop in the growth of Xenopus laevis and Pseudacris triseriata larvae following acute exposure (24-48 h) during egg development to three concentrations of TCDD (0.3, 3.0, 30.0 microg/l). Our exposure protocol was modeled on a previous investigation that was designed to mimic the effects of maternal ...
Tangni E K - - 2009
Low levels of deoxynivalenol (DON, range: 2.6-17.9 ng/g) and its metabolite de-epoxy-DON (DOM-1, range: 2.4-23.7 ng/g) were found in 20 home-produced egg samples collected in Belgium during autumn 2006 (from 10 breeders) and spring 2007 (same breeders). DON intake assessment showed that the consumption of these eggs may contribute to ...
Khan Saeed A - - 2009
In this study, we investigated the survival and inactivation kinetics of a surrogate strain of Bacillus anthracis (Sterne strain) in whole egg (WE), egg white (EW), sugared egg yolk (YSU), and salted egg yolk (YSA) at low (-20, 0, and 5 degrees C), moderate (15, 20, 25, 30, 35, and ...
Lublin A - - 2008
Salmonellosis is a foodborne infection of major economic importance. Contamination of table eggs with Salmonella, especially Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis, is a major health concern worldwide. Recently, S. enterica serovar Virchow has emerged as a major pathogen in Israel, where it is among the 3 most prevalent serovars found in ...
Dauwe Tom - - 2009
We investigated the accumulation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in eggs of three insectivorous bird species, the great tit (Parus major), the Northern lapwing (Vanellus vanellus) and the Mediterranean gull (Larus melanocephalus), near the harbour of Antwerp (Belgium). Our results show that lapwing ...
Ross Matthew S - - 2008
Glaucous gulls (Larus hyperboreus) and their eggs from Svalbard (Norwegian Arctic) have been used as biomonitors of contaminants in the marine environment. In this study, the enantiomer fractions (EFs) of chiral chlordanes and atropisomeric polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners were determined in the blood plasma of adult male and female glaucous ...
He Xiaohua - - 2008
A cell-free translation assay was applied for the quick detection of ricin in food samples. Three economically important foods-ground beef, low-fat milk, and liquid chicken egg--were tested. The results indicated that ground beef had very little matrix effect on the assay, whereas low-fat milk and liquid chicken egg showed clear ...
Bostanian Noubar J - - 2009
A laboratory evaluation of fenbuconazole, myclobutanil propiconazole, boscalid, fenhexamid and pyraclostrobin revealed these fungicides to be harmless to adult Galendromus occidentalis. None of these fungicides affected adversely fecundity and egg viability. Elemental sulphur also had no effect on adults and fecundity. However, 72.4% of the young larvae perished after hatching. ...
Tucak Zvonimir - - 2008
The life of game birds (pheasants) in nature is coupled with a number of difficulties in all seasons of the year. This refers to finding food, breeding, laying eggs, raising the young, fleeing from their natural enemies and lack of protection from unfavorable climatic conditions. The pheasants that live in ...
Gast Richard K - - 2008
Refrigeration to limit bacterial multiplication is a critical aspect of efforts to control the transmission of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SE) to consumers of contaminated eggs. Although the nutrient-rich yolk interior is an uncommon location for SE contamination in freshly laid, naturally contaminated eggs, migration across the vitelline membrane could ...
Moriyama Minoru - - 2008
The seasonal timing mechanism of egg hatching was examined in two cicadas, Cryptotympana facialis and Graptopsaltria nigrofuscata, with different but overlapping geographical distributions. These species lay eggs in summer, and nymphs hatch in the summer of the following year after egg durations of 10-12 months. When eggs were maintained at ...
Lam James C W - - 2008
Organohalogen compounds, the pesticides aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, hexachlorobenzene, mirex, Sigmachlordanes, SigmaDDTs, Sigmaheptachlors, Sigmatoxaphenes, and the industrial chemicals SigmaPCBs and SigmaPBDEs, as well as total dioxin-like equivalents (TEQH4IIE-luc), were measured in eggs of two Ardeid species, the little egret (Egretta garzetta) and black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) from three port cities ...
Tadros M M - - 2008
The steroidal saponin-containing fraction from methanolic extract of Dracaena fragrans (Family: Agavaceae) was tested for molluscicidal and ovicidal activities against Biomphalaria alexandrina and Bulinus truncatus, the snail vectors of Schistosoma mansoni and S. haematobium in Egypt, respectively. It was also tested for schistosemicidal activity in vitro on adult S. mansoni ...
Szczesna J - - 2008
One hundred fecal samples were collected during research on Eurasian lynx ecology and food habits in the Polish part of the BiaƂowieza Primeval Forest (BPF) from 2001 to 2006. Seventy-three percent of samples contained eggs or larvae of helminths. A total of 10 species of helminths was identified, including 3 ...
Vergne Amélie L - - 2008
Crocodilians are known to vocalize within the egg shortly before hatching [1,2]. Although a possible function of these calls - inducing hatching in siblings and stimulating the adult female to open the nest - has already been suggested, it has never been experimentally tested [1-5]. Here, we present the first ...
Mine Yoshinori - - 2008
The emergence of egg allergy has had both industrial and clinical implications. In industrialized countries, egg allergy accounts for one of the most prevalent food hypersensitivities, especially in children. Atopic dermatitis represents the most common clinical manifestation in infancy; however, the range of clinical signs is broad and encompasses life-threatening ...
Gal Ram - - 2008
The parasitoid wasp A. compressa hunts cockroaches as a live food supply for its offspring. The wasp selectively injects venom into the cerebral ganglia of the prey to induce long-term hypokinesia [1-5], during which the stung cockroach, although not paralyzed, does not initiate spontaneous walking and fails to escape aversive ...
Keraita Bernard - - 2008
Irrigation water used for growing vegetables in urban areas in many low-income countries is contaminated with untreated wastewater. Many wastewater treatment methods are economically prohibitive and continued use of such irrigation water pose health risks for vegetable consumers and farmers. As part of a larger study on possible interventions for ...
She Jianwen - - 2008
Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in 169 avian eggs. We analyzed randomly collected eggs of two species of piscivorous birds: Caspian tern (Sterna caspia) (n=78) and Forster's tern (Sterna forsteri) (n=76). We also analyzed fail-to-hatch eggs from two species protected under the Federal ...
Haramaty, Liti
Phestilla sibogae, a nudibranch living on corals of the genus Porites, is rarely found on the reef at Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii, although Porites compressa is a dominant coral there. This is probably due to massive predation on juveniles and adults. Such predation pressure would force this species to put high ...
Fusaro, Craig
The effect of augmented diet on egg production for Hippa pacifica was tested in the crab's natural habitat, the sandy beaches at Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands. Crabs on a treatment beach were fed cubed shark meat for 18 days. After treatment, the percentage of ovigerous female H. pacifica had nearly ...
Mills James A - - 2008
1. Using 41 years of data, we examined annual variations in the reproductive performance of the red-billed gull at the Kaikoura Peninsula, New Zealand and related these to changes in climate, oceanography and the availability of the planktonic euphausiid Nyctiphanes australis, the bird's principal food. 2. In 1994 the population ...
Bøhn Thomas - - 2008
Genetically modified (GM) maize expressing the Bt-toxin Cry1Ab (Bt-maize) was tested for effects on survival, growth, and reproduction of the water flea Daphnia magna, a crustacean arthropod commonly used as a model organism in ecotoxicological studies. In three repeated experiments, D. magna were fed 100% ground maize in suspension, using ...
Hildebrandt Sabine - - 2008
Hen's egg allergy represents one of the most common and severe IgE-mediated reactions to food in infants and young children. It persists, however, in many cases also lifelong. Therefore, the aim of this study was the detailed analysis of a technological process used to reduce the allergenic potential of hen's ...
Adesina, A O; ;
The renewal of malaria and filarial parasite control efforts has led to re-invigoration in malaria and vector research involving laboratory rearing of mosquitoes, particularly Culex and Anopheles species. Too often, researchers spend valuable time estimating the egg density in culicine rafts and despite dwindling research budgets, a lot of funds ...
Hernández Mauro - - 2008
We evaluated temporal and regional trends of organochlorine (OC) pesticide (including polychlorinated biphenyl [PCB]) levels in eggs of the Spanish Imperial Eagle (Aquila adalberti) collected in Spain between 1972 and 2003. Levels of p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) and PCBs varied significantly (p = 0.022) among regions (central, western, and Doñana), being higher ...
Schekkerman, Hans
All birds have in common that their offspring hatch from eggs that develop outside the mother's body, but the structural and functional state in which young birds hatch varies enormously between species. When megapode chicks emerge from their egg, buried in warm soil or decomposing litter, they are fully feathered ...
R.F. Pourabad
Rate of development and biological features of <I>Graphosoma lineatum </I>was studied under laboratory conditions of 28±2°C, 60±5% R.H. and a photoperiod of 16:8 (L:D) feeding the individual insects upon seeds of 5 umbelliferous species namely parsley, fennel, dill, celery and carrot. The results indicated no significant differences regarding the duration ...
Little C L - - 2008
This survey was launched after an unusual number of Salmonella Enteritidis outbreaks associated with the use of eggs in food service premises in England and Wales. Between November 2005 and December 2006, 9,528 eggs (1,588 pooled samples of 6 eggs) were collected from 1,567 food service premises in the United ...
Ginter E - - 2008
Vegetarians form a non-homogenous group consisting of semivegetarians (plant food, dairy products, eggs and fish), lacto-ovo vegetarians (plant food, dairy products, eggs) and vegans (plant food only). According to pure vegetarian ideologists, people consuming vegetarian diet have better health and live longer than nonvegetarians, because persons consuming milk, dairy products, ...
Chaban Anastasia K - - 2008
The role of transient larval FMRFa-ergic neurons of the freshwater snails, Helisoma trivolvis and Lymnaea stagnalis, in osmoregulation and neurodifferentiation was investigated. It was shown that: (i) FMRFa and an FMRFa antibody do not reach their targets when injected into the egg capsule; (ii) long-term incubations of the embryos in ...
Khodadadi I H - - 2008
A total of 400 Single Comb White Leghorn hens at 80 weeks of age were used in present study. Four treatment groups that were consisted of six replications with 10 hens per each replication were considered. In the first treatment, food and water were removed for the first 2, 4, ...
Hassan Sherif M - - 2008
Although much attention has focused on environmental contamination by heavy metals, pesticides, and polychlorinated biphenyls, potential deleterious effects of naturally occurring organic compounds have received much less consideration. Saponins, which are glycosides found in many plants, are important, environmentally ubiquitous organic compounds. Saponins have both beneficial and deleterious effects in ...
Lu Jianbo - - 2008
Nowadays, intensive breeding of poultry and livestock of large scale has made the treatment of its waste and wastewater an urgent environmental issue, which motivated this study. A wetland of 688 m2 was constructed on an egg duck farm, and water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) was chosen as an aquatic plant ...
Kondo M - - 2008
Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE), the manifestation of a diverse set of disorders, is characterized by excessive loss of plasma proteins into the affected portions of the gastrointestinal tract, and this results in hypoalbuminemia. A 5-month-old breastfed boy presented severe PLE with hypogammaglobulinemia, hypocalcemia, and hypomagnesemia induced by an egg allergy. He ...
Speare Rick - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fine tooth lice combs fall into two classes based on the material from which their teeth are made: plastic or metal. Metal combs are further divided into those that are made from a flat sheet of metal, and hence have rectangular teeth, and those that have cylindrical teeth embedded ...
Kemp Andrew S - - 2007
Egg allergy is one of the most common food allergies in infants and young children. The great majority is not life-threatening and management involves exclusion of egg from the diet and regular review with the expectation that the majority of children will outgrow the allergy by school age. Judgment is ...
Thurnham David I - - 2007
The retina is unique in the human body in containing three xanthophyll carotenoids; 3R,3'R-zeaxanthin, meso-zeaxanthin (MZ) and lutein. Humans consume 1 to 3 mg lutein per d and the lutein:zeaxanthin ratio in the diet is about 5:1.Xanthophyll pigments occur widely in vegetables and fruits but MZ is found in only ...
Kontiainen P - - 2008
Avian egg size is highly variable on the population level, but is considered inflexible on the individual level. On the basis of 2969 measurements of individual eggs collected during 1981-2005, we analysed heritability, plasticity and selection on egg size in the Ural owl, a long-lived bird that preys on voles. ...
Santiago-Moreno Julián - - 2007
A Tris-citric acid-glucose (TCG) diluent containing low concentrations (6%) of egg yolk, and a TCG extender containing lactose (without egg yolk), were compared for use in the cryopreservation of Spanish ibex (Capra pyrenaica) epididymal spermatozoa. To optimize the collection of epididymal spermatozoa, two spermatozoa recovery methods were tested: i) by ...
César I I - - 2007
The aim of the present work conducted at the Refugio de Vida Silvestre Bahía Samborombón is to analyse the most relevant aspects of the fecundity of Chasmagnathus granulatus and Uca uruguayensis. Samplings were carried out from March 2001 to February 2003. Ovigerous females of U. uruguayensis (N = 13) and ...
Cameron David A - - 2008
We formulate a mathematical model for food collection and production of workers and nymphs in 2 species of mound building termites. We maximise the number of nymphs (reproductives) produced by each colony over its lifetime with respect to the proportion of eggs that hatch as nymphs as opposed to workers. ...
Hegazi Ahmed G - - 2007
The chemical composition of the propolis samples was investigated by GC/MS and HPLC. 91 compounds have been identified, 26 compounds are being new to propolis. Siwa oasis propolis was characterized by the presence of diprenyl-dihydrocoumaric acids (4.15%), coumarate esters (10.93%), benzofuran lignans (13.47%) and valeric acids derivatives (11.42%). Matrooh sample ...
Lievonen S - - 2007
Foodborne outbreaks are often reported to be acquired at food service establishments. As a part of a quantitative risk assessment on the consumer risk of contracting Salmonella infection via shell eggs, we studied how small, medium, and large restaurants, institutional kitchens, and staff canteens (n=171) purchase, store, and use shell ...
Fenoglio M S - - 2007
The influence of weather factors and the predator Doru luteipes Scudder density on Diatraea saccharalis (F.) egg predation was studied. Mortality of D. saccharalis eggs was determined by artificially infesting maize plots with egg masses at various times within each of two maize-growing seasons. Each egg cohort was monitored every ...
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