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Spetter Maartje S MS Image Sciences Institute, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the - - 2014
The interaction between oral and gastric signals is an important part of food intake regulation. Previous studies suggest that bypassing oral stimulation diminishes the suppression of hunger and increases gastric emptying rate. However, the role of appetite hormones, like cholecystokinin-8 and ghrelin, in this process is still unclear. Our objective ...
Hao Zheng Z Neurobiology of Nutrition, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA, 70808, - - 2014
It is conceivable that overstimulation of chemo- and mechano-sensors in the Roux and common limbs by uncontrolled influx of undigested nutrients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) could lead to exaggerated satiety signaling via vagal afferents and contribute to body weight loss. Because previous clinical and preclinical studies using vagotomy ...
Mahawar Kamal K KK Bariatric Unit, Sunderland Royal Hospital, Sunderland, SR4 7TP, UK, - - 2014
Primary banding of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass remains controversial. Though there are surgeons who believe it should be the standard practice as it results in superior weight loss and prevents weight regain in the long term, there are others who are concerned about the risk of food intolerance and complications related ...
Guo Xiaojuan X Department of Gastroenterology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
Using an adjustable stimulator with a wide range of stimulation parameters, the aims of this study were 1) to investigate the effects of long-term gastric electrical stimulation (GES) on appetite and differential food cravings for three different foods and 2) to investigate the effects of GES on plasma gastrointestinal peptide ...
El-Salhy Magdy M Section of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Stord Helse-Fonna Hospital, Stord, - - 2014
Several endocrine cell abnormalities have been reported in different segments of the gastrointestinal tract of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). These cells have specialized microvilli that project into the lumen; they function as sensors for the gut contents and respond to luminal stimuli (mostly ingested nutrients) by releasing hormones ...
Lynch Amanda A Division of Nutritional Sciences, 119 Savage Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, United States 14853; School of Health Sciences, Oakland University, 2200 N Squirrel Road, Rochester, MI 48309, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Following gastric bypass surgery, patients must make dramatic dietary changes, but little is known about patients' perspectives on long-term dietary management after this surgery. This grounded theory, qualitative study sought to advance conceptual understanding of food choice by examining how gastric bypass patients constructed personal food systems to guide food ...
Shah Meera M Division of Endocrinology & Metabolism Mayo Clinic, 200 First ST SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, - - 2014
Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is a cleavage product of the pre-proglucagon gene which is expressed in the α-cells of the pancreas, the L-cells of the intestine, and neurons located in the caudal brainstem and hypothalamus. GLP-1 is of relevance to appetite and weight maintenance because it has actions on the ...
Mumphrey Michael B MB Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 70808, - - 2014
To test the commonly held assumption that gastric bypass surgery lowers body weight because it limits the ability to eat large amounts of food. Central melanocortin signaling was blocked by ICV infusion of the melanocortin-3/4 receptor antagonist SHU9119 for 14 days in rats whose high-fat diet-induced obesity had been reversed ...
Grosvenor Anita J AJ AgResearch, Lincoln Research Centre, Christchurch, New Zealand. - - 2014
The extent to which nutritional and functional benefit is derived from proteins in food is related to its breakdown and digestion in the body after consumption. Further, detailed information about food protein truncation during digestion is critical to understanding and optimising the availability of bioactives, in controlling and limiting allergen ...
Miller Gary D GD Department of Health and Exercise Science, Wake Forest University, Box 7868 Reynolda Station, Winston-Salem, NC, 27109, USA, - - 2014
Serial changes in dietary intake, including specific food groups and nutrients during the first year following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are of interest due to surgically induced alterations in meal size, food intolerances present after surgery, and potential nutrient deficiencies. To help improve the nutritional health of surgical patients, this ...
Sun Hai-Bo HB Department of Thoracic Surgery, Henan Cancer Hospital, The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, PR - - 2014
Nil-by-mouth with enteral tube feeding is widely practised for several days after resection and reconstruction of oesophageal cancer. This study investigates early changes in postoperative gastric emptying and the feasibility of early oral feeding after thoracolaparoscopic oesophagectomy for patients with oesophageal cancer. Between January 2013 and August 2013, gastric emptying ...
Denova-Gutiérrez Edgar E a Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Departamento de Salud Ambiental , Cuernavaca , Morelos , - - 2014
Multiple epidemiological studies have evaluated the relationship between diet and gastric cancer (GC), focusing on individual foods and nutrients. However, some studies have estimated the association between dietary patterns and GC risk. To identify the dietary patterns of residents of Mexico City and to assess the association of these patterns ...
Zhu Yong Y Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Iowa State University , Ames, IA , - - 2014
Abstract The effect of body weight status on appetite, glycemic response and gastric emptying rate was investigated using a liquid meal. Lean and overweight males rated their subjective appetite with blood samples collected for measurement of glucose, biomarkers of appetite and gastric emptying rate for 3 h following consumption of the ...
Freeman Rebecca Anne RA St. George Upper GI Clinic, St. George Private Hospital, Kogarah, NSW 2217, Australia. Electronic - - 2014
Summary: Objective: The effects of food tolerance (if any) on diet quality several years post-surgery remain unclear. Our study aimed to assess food tolerance and diet quality after three bariatric procedures; adjustable gastric banding (AGB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP), 2â??4 years post-surgery.Methods: This prospective, cross-sectional study ...
Gajamer Varsha Rani VR Department of Microbiology, Sikkim University, Gangtok, Sikkim, India, - - 2014
The gastrointestinal disease accounts for a large number of deaths in several parts of the world. Gastrointestinal infection has been an emerging problem in Sikkim and Darjeeling District and also in other parts of our country. To study the prevalence and to explore the risk factors associated with gastrointestinal diseases ...
Poscente M D MD Centre for Bioengineering Research and Education, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
The stomach plays a critical role in digestion, processing ingested food mechanically and breaking it up into particles, which can be effectively and efficiently processed by the intestines. When the motility of the stomach is compromised, digestion is adversely affected. This can lead to a variety of disorders. Current diagnostic ...
Staikuniene Jurate J Department of Pulmonology and Immunology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eiveniu 2, 50009, Kaunas, Lithuania, - - 2014
Wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) is a special form of adult food allergy when allergic symptoms are elicited when triggering factor such as exercise is added after ingestion of wheat. Besides the molecular characteristics of wheat proteins, the gastric function is decisive for the allergenic potential. Alterations in the gastric milieu ...
Bornhorst Gail M GM Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of California, Davis, CA 95616; email: - - 2014
Food digestion is crucial to sustain life. Although it has been examined for more than 300 years, the basic principles are not entirely understood. Antral motility is well characterized, and current research is seeking to determine flow patterns generated by the stomach's peristaltic contractions. The rate of gastric emptying for ...
D'Elia Lanfranco - - 2014
Humans began to use large amounts of salt for the main purpose of food preservation approximately 5,000 years ago and, although since then advanced technologies have been developed allowing drastic reduction in the use of salt for food storage, excess dietary salt intake remains very common. Gastric cancer is a common ...
Jun Byoung Yeon BY Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 505 Banpo-dong, Seocho-gu, Seoul, 137-701, Republic of Korea, - - 2014
Food residue in the remnant stomach after subtotal gastrectomy (STG) interferes with endoscopic observation. We investigated whether intravenous erythromycin improves gastric mucosa visualization in patients with STG. This study was conducted from April 2012 to October 2012 as a double-blinded, placebo-controlled, randomized trial. Patients who received STG with complete resection ...
Spetter Maartje S MS Image Sciences Institute, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
During food consumption the brain integrates multiple interrelated neural and hormonal signals involved in the regulation of food intake. Factors influencing the decision to stop eating include the foods' sensory properties, macronutrient content, and volume, which in turn affect gastric distention and appetite hormone responses. So far, the contributions of ...
Kuipers Ernst J EJ Departments of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, and Internal Medicine, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
The stomach has a range of functions, including chemical digestion and mechanical breakdown of food, temporary storage of bulk intake, and regulation of the passage of nutrients into the duodenum. Further gastric functions are the nonspecific defense against microbes entering the gastrointestinal tract, preparation of ions as well as liberation ...
Gasbarrini Antonio A Gastroenterology, Gemelli University Hospital, Catholic University, Rome, - - 2014
The gastric barrier could be considered an active tissue involved in many synthetic and metabolic functions, as the immunological defense, by activating mucosal immune system. Barrier integrity results from a balance between protective and aggressive endogenous factors and from their interaction with exogenous factors (steroidal or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, dietary ...
Lin Si-Hao SH JC School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong E-mail : - - 2014
To investigate the association between salt processed food and gastric cancer, a hospital based case-control study was conducted in a high risk area of China. One hundred and seven newly diagnosed cases with histological confirmation of gastric cancer and 209 controls were recruited. Information on dietary intake was collected with ...
Li Yanmei Y Department of Gastroenterology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, 2nd Yinghua East Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100029, - - 2013
To improve the therapeutic effects of gastric electrical stimulation (GES) for obesity, an animal experiment was conducted using a new type of stimulators. Proper parameters of GES were selected, and the impacts of GES on the food intake and gastric accommodation of canines were observed. Eight beagle dogs were operated ...
Varricchio Ettore E Department of Sciences and Technologies, University of Sannio, Via Port'Arsa 11, 82100 Benevento, - - 2013
In this study, we report nesfatin-1 immunoreactivity in the gastrointestinal tract of Casertana breed pig. The newly discovered anorexigenic peptide nesfatin-1 has been shown to possess physiological relevance in regulating food intake and energy homeostasis at a central level, although evidence has been accumulating that it may also play important ...
van Bloemendaal Liselotte - - 2013
The delivery of nutrients to the gastrointestinal tract after food ingestion activates the secretion of several gut-derived mediators, including the incretin hormone glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). GLP-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA), such as exenatide and liraglutide, are currently successfully employed in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes. GLP-1RA improve glycaemic ...
Kentish Stephen J - - 2013
Food intake is coordinated to cellular metabolism by clock gene expression with a master clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus synchronized by light exposure. Gastric vagal afferents play a role in regulating food intake, but it is unknown whether they exhibit circadian variation in their mechanosensitivity. We aimed to determine whether ...
Jurowich Christian Ferdinand - - 2013
Changes of food preference toward foods with low caloric density have been demonstrated after bariatric surgery and may contribute to sustained body weight loss. It has been hypothesized that olfactory perception as an integral part of food selection might be altered after bariatric surgery. Sniffin' Sticks® were used to investigate ...
Zhang Yanli - - 2013
Objective: To investigate the effect of acute retrograde gastric electrical stimulation (RGES) on food intake, gastric accommodation and gastric emptying in obese patients. Design and Methods: Simple obesity patients underwent RGES or sham stimulation. The maximum food intake volume was determined and the total calorie of consumed food was calculated. ...
Beavers Charles - - 2013
We report the case of a 13-y female who went into anaphylactic shock following the ingestion of a meal suspected to be contaminated by peanuts. The teenager had a known sensitivity to peanuts, however, the restaurant claimed that no peanut products were used in the preparation of her meal. The ...
Zitsman Jeffrey L JL Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York Presbyterian, Columbia University Medical Center, 3959 Broadway, New York, New York 10032. Electronic address: - - 2014
Gastric band placement developed as a means of limiting the amount of solid food that enters the stomach, relying on the principle of reducing caloric intake by reducing food volume. By making it difficult for a patient to swallow a large bite of food, one ideally could learn to change ...
El Khoury D D a Department of Nutritional Sciences Faculty of Medicine , University of Toronto , Toronto , ON , M5S 3E2 , - - 2013
Abstract Regulation of food intake through modulation of gastrointestinal responses to ingested foods is an ever-growing component of the therapeutic approaches targeting the obesity epidemic. Alginates, viscous and gel-forming soluble fibers isolated from the cell wall of brown seaweeds and some bacteria, are recently receiving considerable attention because of their ...
Shah Meena - - 2013
There is some evidence that bariatric surgery patients who undergo the purely restrictive procedures, such as the gastric banding (GB) or the vertical banded gastroplasty surgery, do not meet the dietary reference intakes for several nutrients. Whether dietary counseling improves micronutrient and macronutrient intakes was examined in GB surgery patients. ...
Reslan Summar - - 2013
Post-bariatric surgery patients are overrepresented in substance abuse treatment, particularly those who have had the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) procedure. The severity of the substance use disorder (SUD; i.e., warranting inpatient treatment) and related consequences necessitate a better understanding of the variables associated with post-RYGB SUDs. This investigation assessed factors ...
Landeira-Dabarca A - - 2013
Cutaneous mucus is the first physical and chemical barrier of fish. This slime layer is secreted by mucous cells located in the epidermis and is mainly composed of glycoproteins that have their origin in the diet. Therefore, food deprivation can potentially change the abundance and glucidic nature of skin mucous ...
Zane P - - 2013
The ability to extrapolate dosage performance from in vitro to in vivo situations has an important role in early drug development. In parallel, the Beagle dog has come to represent a useful animal model for extrapolation to humans especially when drugs formulated for humans are to be tested. In this ...
Hosseinzadeh Massood - - 2013
Gastric cancer (GC) is very common in Iran. Daily consumption of pickled vegetables is a routine dietary habit in most areas of Iran. Because pickled vegetables have been associated with GC it can be of importance to study the relationship between the two. We have therefore studied the histo-morphological effects ...
Musib Luna - - 2013
Cobimetinib is a potent and highly selective inhibitor of MEK1/2. Since cobimetinib exhibited absorption variability in cancer patients, a series of single-dose studies in healthy subjects were conducted to determine absolute bioavailability and elucidate potential effects of formulation, food, and elevated gastric pH on cobimetinib bioavailability. Three crossover trials were ...
Domoto Nobuhiko N Nippon Suisan Kaisha, Tokyo Innovation Center, Nanakuni Hachioji Hachioji, Tokyo, Japan ; Nippon Suisan Europe, Ouderherk aan de Amstel Zeist, The - - 2013
The bioaccessibility of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in the forms of monoacylglycerol (EPA-MAG), triacylglycerol (EPA-TAG), and phospholipid (EPA-PL) during gastrointestinal passage was compared in this study using a dynamic gastrointestinal model (TIM system). The TIM system simulated the average upper gastrointestinal tract conditions of healthy human adults after intake of a ...
Rosini Elena - - 2013
Histamine is present to various degrees in many foods, and concentrations in fish samples are considered a good indicator of freshness and hygienic food quality. Seeking for innovative methods to quantify histamine in foods, we used a synthetic gene designed on the sequence of histamine oxidase from Arthrobacter crystallopoietes (HOD) ...
Sysko Robyn - - 2013
Relatively little is known about changes in eating behavior or hormonal responses to food following bariatric surgery in adolescents. This study compared eating behavior and hormones among adolescents in a bariatric surgery program with those in nonoverweight control adolescents and evaluated changes before and after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). ...
Kweon Sun-Seog SS Division of Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, - - 2013
Because the association between soy consumption and gastric cancer is inconsistent, we evaluated the putative preventive effect of soy food on gastric cancer risk in the Shanghai Women's and Men's Health Studies, comprising a total of 128,687 participants. Intake of nonfermented soy foods was estimated using 2 validated food-frequency questionnaires. ...
Scholtz Samantha - - 2013
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has greater efficacy for weight loss in obese patients than gastric banding (BAND) surgery. We hypothesise that this may result from different effects on food hedonics via physiological changes secondary to distinct gut anatomy manipulations. We used functional MRI, eating behaviour and hormonal phenotyping to compare ...
Hillyard S - - 2013
/st>Many preoperative fasting guidelines suggest that hot tea or coffee with milk added should be considered similar to solid food, allowing an interval of 6 h before commencing anaesthesia. There is little evidence to support these instructions, with recent guidelines undecided on the issue. This study aimed to establish whether ...
Mercachita Tânia - - 2013
Bariatric surgery is indicated as the most effective treatment for morbid obesity; the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is considered the procedure of choice. However, nutritional deficiency may occur in the postoperative period as a result of reduced gastric capacity and change in nutrients absorption in the gastrointestinal tract. The prescription ...
Geliebter Allan - - 2013
Several neuroimaging studies are presented, which derived from prior work on gastric distension. Using a nonsurgical approach, we inserted gastric balloons into rats, which led to a marked decrease in food intake that normalized at 8 weeks. Body weight, however, remained below controls, which encouraged pursuit of studies in humans. ...
Bornhorst Gail M - - 2013
The particle size distribution of foods during gastric digestion indicates the amount of physical breakdown that occurred due to the peristaltic movement of the stomach walls in addition to the breakdown that initially occurred during oral processing. The objective of this study was to present an image analysis technique that ...
Shannon Caroline - - 2013
Bariatric surgery is an effective method of weight loss for the treatment of morbid obesity. It is more effective when combined with nutritional care, which is sometimes complex, always ongoing and differs between surgical procedures. In Australia, the three most common bariatric surgical procedures are the adjustable gastric banding, sleeve ...
Sim┼ček Zahide - - 2013
Background/aims:During removal of intragastric balloon, there is a great deal of gastric undigested food even after an eight-hour starvation. Bromelain, a proteolytic enzyme existing in the pineapple juice seems to be a good choice for the undigested food remnants in the stomach. We aimed to investigate the effect of drinking ...
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