Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1087
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Lei Bingli B Institute of Environmental Pollution and Health, School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai University, Nanchen Rd 333, Baoshan District, Shanghai, 200444, People's Republic of - - 2014
To assess the health risks due to food consumption, the human daily intake and uptake of organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and toxic trace elements (mercury, chromium, cadmium, lead, and arsenic) were estimated based on the animal-based foods collected from markets in Shanghai, China. The ...
Doherty Megan L - - 2014
Urban centers in Sub-Saharan Africa, such as Kumasi, Ghana, are especially impacted by the dual burden of infectious and non-communicable disease (NCD), including a rise in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prevalence. To develop effective intervention programs, the World Health Organization recommends more research to better understand the relationship between ...
Hardin-Fanning Frances F University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA - - 2014
Promotion of healthy eating is an effective public health strategy to prevent chronic disease incidence and progression. However, food prices can impede healthy eating, especially in rural communities. The purpose of this study was to determine whether food costs are associated with nutritional quality, geographic location, and month of year. ...
Triggle Nick - - 2014
NEW STANDARDS for hospital food in England have been drawn up, and they look set to have significant implications for how wards are run. The mandatory guidelines, to be enforced through the NHS standard contract from next year, cover everything from the quality and choice of food to the support ...
Zanette Liana Y LY Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, 1151 Richmond Street, London, ON, N6A 5B7, Canada, - - 2014
Predators kill prey thereby affecting prey survival and, in the traditional top-down view of predator limitation, that is their sole effect. Bottom-up food limitation alters the physiological condition of individuals affecting both fecundity and survival. Predators of course also scare prey inducing anti-predator defences that may carry physiological costs powerful ...
Kerameas Katerina - - 2014
Objective: The "unit bias" has been proposed as an explanation for the portion-size effect; people consider a single unit to be an appropriate amount to eat and thus eat more when served a larger unit than when served a smaller unit. We suggest that the unit bias might be better ...
Aiassa E E a European Food Safety Authority, Scientific Assessment Support - - 2014
Abstract Food and feed safety risk assessment uses multi-parameter models to evaluate the likelihood of adverse events associated with exposure to hazards in human health, plant health, animal health, animal welfare and the environment. Systematic review and meta-analysis are established methods for answering questions in health care, and can be ...
Zukiewicz-Sobczak Wioletta W Department of Allergology and Environmental Hazards, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, - - 2014
Obesity is a civilization disease and the proportion of people suffering from it continues to grow, especially in the developed countries. Number of obese people in Europe has increased threefold over the last 20 years. The paradox of obesity and poverty relationship is observed especially in the developed and developing ...
Sato Sakura S Clinical Research Center for Allergy and Rheumatology, Sagamihara National Hospital, Kanagawa, - - 2014
Allergen avoidance is the standard treatment for managing food allergies. Complete avoidance is difficult, and accidental exposure often occurs. Immunotherapy is a significant focus for treating food allergies, and oral immunotherapy (OIT) appears to be particularly effective in inducing desensitization. The majority of patients who receive OIT show increased threshold ...
Stenger Kristen M KM Nutrition, Family and Consumer Sciences Advisor Fresno/Madera Counties, University of California Cooperative Extension, 550 E. Shaw Ave, Suite 210 B, Fresno, CA 93710, Phone: 559-241-7528, FAX: 559-241-7539. Electronic address: - - 2014
Children are at a higher risk for foodborne illness. The objective of this study was to explore food safety knowledge, beliefs and practices among Hispanic families with young children (≤ 10 years of age) living within a Midwestern state. A convergent mixed methods design collected qualitative and quantitative data in ...
Ameratunga Rohan R a LabPlus and Adult Oncology Research Centre Auckland Hospital , Park Rd, Grafton 1010 , Auckland , New Zealand - - 2014
Abstract Functional foods have become increasingly popular with consumers anxious to mitigate the effects of an unhealthy lifestyle or aging. In spite of attractive health claims, these products do not have legal or regulatory status in most countries and are regulated through their health claims. Regulation of functional foods by ...
- - 2014
Essential facts Type 2 diabetes is linked closely to obesity. Bariatric surgery can lead to dramatic improvements in the management of the condition, according to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). There are two main types of bariatric surgery. A gastric band procedure uses a band to ...
Ryan Bridget - - 2014
The focus on food in hospitals is invariably on the patients. So it is good to read that NHS England chief executive Simon Stevens is concerned by rising obesity rates and the health of his employees (Analysis August 13).
Levina Aviva A School of Chemistry, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. - - 2014
The reactions of oral V(v/iv) anti-diabetic drugs within the gastrointestinal environment (particularly in the presence of food) are a crucial factor that affects their biological activities, but to date these have been poorly understood. In order to build up reactivity-activity relationships, the first detailed study of the reactivities of typical ...
Yúfera Manuel M Instituto de Ciencias Marinas de Andalucía (ICMAN-CSIC) , Puerto Real , Spain - - 2014
Gilthead seabream is a fish species of great importance in Mediterranean aquaculture, attracting many studies on nutrition and chronobiology, although nothing is known about the effect of feeding frequency on the daily rhythms of the gastric digestion process. In this article, we investigated daily rhythms in stomach fullness, gastric and ...
Gallier Sophie S Riddet Institute, Massey University, Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand. Sophie.Gallier@danone.com - - 2014
Almond lipids can be consumed in different forms such as nuts, oil-in-water emulsions or oil. The stomach emptying rate (SER) of almond lipids (0.2 g of fat per 2 mL of almond lipid suspension) as a function of the food matrix was studied using magnetic resonance spectroscopy based on the ...
Spetter Maartje S MS Image Sciences Institute, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the - - 2014
The interaction between oral and gastric signals is an important part of food intake regulation. Previous studies suggest that bypassing oral stimulation diminishes the suppression of hunger and increases gastric emptying rate. However, the role of appetite hormones, like cholecystokinin-8 and ghrelin, in this process is still unclear. Our objective ...
Hao Zheng Z Neurobiology of Nutrition, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA, 70808, - - 2014
It is conceivable that overstimulation of chemo- and mechano-sensors in the Roux and common limbs by uncontrolled influx of undigested nutrients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) could lead to exaggerated satiety signaling via vagal afferents and contribute to body weight loss. Because previous clinical and preclinical studies using vagotomy ...
Mahawar Kamal K KK Bariatric Unit, Sunderland Royal Hospital, Sunderland, SR4 7TP, UK, - - 2014
Primary banding of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass remains controversial. Though there are surgeons who believe it should be the standard practice as it results in superior weight loss and prevents weight regain in the long term, there are others who are concerned about the risk of food intolerance and complications related ...
Guo Xiaojuan X Department of Gastroenterology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
Using an adjustable stimulator with a wide range of stimulation parameters, the aims of this study were 1) to investigate the effects of long-term gastric electrical stimulation (GES) on appetite and differential food cravings for three different foods and 2) to investigate the effects of GES on plasma gastrointestinal peptide ...
El-Salhy Magdy M Section of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Stord Helse-Fonna Hospital, Stord, - - 2014
Several endocrine cell abnormalities have been reported in different segments of the gastrointestinal tract of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). These cells have specialized microvilli that project into the lumen; they function as sensors for the gut contents and respond to luminal stimuli (mostly ingested nutrients) by releasing hormones ...
Lynch Amanda A Division of Nutritional Sciences, 119 Savage Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, United States 14853; School of Health Sciences, Oakland University, 2200 N Squirrel Road, Rochester, MI 48309, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Following gastric bypass surgery, patients must make dramatic dietary changes, but little is known about patients' perspectives on long-term dietary management after this surgery. This grounded theory, qualitative study sought to advance conceptual understanding of food choice by examining how gastric bypass patients constructed personal food systems to guide food ...
Shah Meera M Division of Endocrinology & Metabolism Mayo Clinic, 200 First ST SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, - - 2014
Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is a cleavage product of the pre-proglucagon gene which is expressed in the α-cells of the pancreas, the L-cells of the intestine, and neurons located in the caudal brainstem and hypothalamus. GLP-1 is of relevance to appetite and weight maintenance because it has actions on the ...
Mumphrey Michael B MB Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 70808, - - 2014
To test the commonly held assumption that gastric bypass surgery lowers body weight because it limits the ability to eat large amounts of food. Central melanocortin signaling was blocked by ICV infusion of the melanocortin-3/4 receptor antagonist SHU9119 for 14 days in rats whose high-fat diet-induced obesity had been reversed ...
Grosvenor Anita J AJ AgResearch, Lincoln Research Centre, Christchurch, New Zealand. - - 2014
The extent to which nutritional and functional benefit is derived from proteins in food is related to its breakdown and digestion in the body after consumption. Further, detailed information about food protein truncation during digestion is critical to understanding and optimising the availability of bioactives, in controlling and limiting allergen ...
Miller Gary D GD Department of Health and Exercise Science, Wake Forest University, Box 7868 Reynolda Station, Winston-Salem, NC, 27109, USA, - - 2014
Serial changes in dietary intake, including specific food groups and nutrients during the first year following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are of interest due to surgically induced alterations in meal size, food intolerances present after surgery, and potential nutrient deficiencies. To help improve the nutritional health of surgical patients, this ...
Sun Hai-Bo HB Department of Thoracic Surgery, Henan Cancer Hospital, The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, PR - - 2014
Nil-by-mouth with enteral tube feeding is widely practised for several days after resection and reconstruction of oesophageal cancer. This study investigates early changes in postoperative gastric emptying and the feasibility of early oral feeding after thoracolaparoscopic oesophagectomy for patients with oesophageal cancer. Between January 2013 and August 2013, gastric emptying ...
Denova-Gutiérrez Edgar E a Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Departamento de Salud Ambiental , Cuernavaca , Morelos , - - 2014
Multiple epidemiological studies have evaluated the relationship between diet and gastric cancer (GC), focusing on individual foods and nutrients. However, some studies have estimated the association between dietary patterns and GC risk. To identify the dietary patterns of residents of Mexico City and to assess the association of these patterns ...
Zhu Yong Y Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Iowa State University , Ames, IA , - - 2014
Abstract The effect of body weight status on appetite, glycemic response and gastric emptying rate was investigated using a liquid meal. Lean and overweight males rated their subjective appetite with blood samples collected for measurement of glucose, biomarkers of appetite and gastric emptying rate for 3 h following consumption of the ...
Freeman Rebecca Anne RA St. George Upper GI Clinic, St. George Private Hospital, Kogarah, NSW 2217, Australia. Electronic - - 2014
Summary: Objective: The effects of food tolerance (if any) on diet quality several years post-surgery remain unclear. Our study aimed to assess food tolerance and diet quality after three bariatric procedures; adjustable gastric banding (AGB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP), 2â??4 years post-surgery.Methods: This prospective, cross-sectional study ...
Gajamer Varsha Rani VR Department of Microbiology, Sikkim University, Gangtok, Sikkim, India, - - 2014
The gastrointestinal disease accounts for a large number of deaths in several parts of the world. Gastrointestinal infection has been an emerging problem in Sikkim and Darjeeling District and also in other parts of our country. To study the prevalence and to explore the risk factors associated with gastrointestinal diseases ...
Poscente M D MD Centre for Bioengineering Research and Education, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
The stomach plays a critical role in digestion, processing ingested food mechanically and breaking it up into particles, which can be effectively and efficiently processed by the intestines. When the motility of the stomach is compromised, digestion is adversely affected. This can lead to a variety of disorders. Current diagnostic ...
Staikuniene Jurate J Department of Pulmonology and Immunology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eiveniu 2, 50009, Kaunas, Lithuania, - - 2014
Wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) is a special form of adult food allergy when allergic symptoms are elicited when triggering factor such as exercise is added after ingestion of wheat. Besides the molecular characteristics of wheat proteins, the gastric function is decisive for the allergenic potential. Alterations in the gastric milieu ...
Bornhorst Gail M GM Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of California, Davis, CA 95616; email: - - 2014
Food digestion is crucial to sustain life. Although it has been examined for more than 300 years, the basic principles are not entirely understood. Antral motility is well characterized, and current research is seeking to determine flow patterns generated by the stomach's peristaltic contractions. The rate of gastric emptying for ...
D'Elia Lanfranco - - 2014
Humans began to use large amounts of salt for the main purpose of food preservation approximately 5,000 years ago and, although since then advanced technologies have been developed allowing drastic reduction in the use of salt for food storage, excess dietary salt intake remains very common. Gastric cancer is a common ...
Jun Byoung Yeon BY Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 505 Banpo-dong, Seocho-gu, Seoul, 137-701, Republic of Korea, - - 2014
Food residue in the remnant stomach after subtotal gastrectomy (STG) interferes with endoscopic observation. We investigated whether intravenous erythromycin improves gastric mucosa visualization in patients with STG. This study was conducted from April 2012 to October 2012 as a double-blinded, placebo-controlled, randomized trial. Patients who received STG with complete resection ...
Spetter Maartje S MS Image Sciences Institute, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
During food consumption the brain integrates multiple interrelated neural and hormonal signals involved in the regulation of food intake. Factors influencing the decision to stop eating include the foods' sensory properties, macronutrient content, and volume, which in turn affect gastric distention and appetite hormone responses. So far, the contributions of ...
Kuipers Ernst J EJ Departments of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, and Internal Medicine, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
The stomach has a range of functions, including chemical digestion and mechanical breakdown of food, temporary storage of bulk intake, and regulation of the passage of nutrients into the duodenum. Further gastric functions are the nonspecific defense against microbes entering the gastrointestinal tract, preparation of ions as well as liberation ...
Gasbarrini Antonio A Gastroenterology, Gemelli University Hospital, Catholic University, Rome, - - 2014
The gastric barrier could be considered an active tissue involved in many synthetic and metabolic functions, as the immunological defense, by activating mucosal immune system. Barrier integrity results from a balance between protective and aggressive endogenous factors and from their interaction with exogenous factors (steroidal or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, dietary ...
Lin Si-Hao SH JC School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong E-mail : - - 2014
To investigate the association between salt processed food and gastric cancer, a hospital based case-control study was conducted in a high risk area of China. One hundred and seven newly diagnosed cases with histological confirmation of gastric cancer and 209 controls were recruited. Information on dietary intake was collected with ...
Unsworth David J - - 2014
Food allergy (IgE-mediated hypersensitivity) is a common clinical problem affecting approximately 15% of children in the Western world. These hypersensitivity reactions tend to be "immediate" (typically within minutes of food exposure), and clinical features may range from mild to life threatening (anaphylaxis). Detailed clinical history is critical to correct diagnosis. ...
Smith V Kerry - - 2014
This chapter reports estimates of consumers' preferences for plans to improve food safety. The plans are distinguished based on whether they address the ex ante risk of food borne illness or the ex post effects of the illness. They are also distinguished based on whether they focus on a public ...
Okojie P W PW Department of Community Health, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, PMB 1111, Benin City 30001, - - 2014
Objective. To determine the sanitary conditions of vending sites as well as food handling practices of street food vendors in Benin City, Nigeria. Methodology. A descriptive cross-sectional study was done using an observational checklist and researcher-administered questionnaire. 286 randomly selected vending units were surveyed, and their operators interviewed on their ...
deCastro B Rey BR Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Environmental Health, Division of Laboratory Sciences, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of - - 2014
Arsenic is an ubiquitous element linked to carcinogenicity, neurotoxicity, as well as adverse respiratory, gastrointestinal, hepatic, and dermal health effects. Identify dietary sources of speciated arsenic: monomethylarsonic acid (MMA), and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA). Age-stratified, sample-weighted regression of NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) 2003-2010 data (∼8,300 participants ≥6 years ...
Li Yanmei Y Department of Gastroenterology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, 2nd Yinghua East Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100029, - - 2013
To improve the therapeutic effects of gastric electrical stimulation (GES) for obesity, an animal experiment was conducted using a new type of stimulators. Proper parameters of GES were selected, and the impacts of GES on the food intake and gastric accommodation of canines were observed. Eight beagle dogs were operated ...
Varricchio Ettore E Department of Sciences and Technologies, University of Sannio, Via Port'Arsa 11, 82100 Benevento, - - 2013
In this study, we report nesfatin-1 immunoreactivity in the gastrointestinal tract of Casertana breed pig. The newly discovered anorexigenic peptide nesfatin-1 has been shown to possess physiological relevance in regulating food intake and energy homeostasis at a central level, although evidence has been accumulating that it may also play important ...
van Bloemendaal Liselotte - - 2013
The delivery of nutrients to the gastrointestinal tract after food ingestion activates the secretion of several gut-derived mediators, including the incretin hormone glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). GLP-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA), such as exenatide and liraglutide, are currently successfully employed in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes. GLP-1RA improve glycaemic ...
Kentish Stephen J - - 2013
Food intake is coordinated to cellular metabolism by clock gene expression with a master clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus synchronized by light exposure. Gastric vagal afferents play a role in regulating food intake, but it is unknown whether they exhibit circadian variation in their mechanosensitivity. We aimed to determine whether ...
Jurowich Christian Ferdinand - - 2013
Changes of food preference toward foods with low caloric density have been demonstrated after bariatric surgery and may contribute to sustained body weight loss. It has been hypothesized that olfactory perception as an integral part of food selection might be altered after bariatric surgery. Sniffin' Sticks® were used to investigate ...
Zhang Yanli - - 2013
Objective: To investigate the effect of acute retrograde gastric electrical stimulation (RGES) on food intake, gastric accommodation and gastric emptying in obese patients. Design and Methods: Simple obesity patients underwent RGES or sham stimulation. The maximum food intake volume was determined and the total calorie of consumed food was calculated. ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >