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Cosson Jacky - - 2008
After a long period of spermatogenesis (several weeks to months), marine fish spermatozoa are delivered at male spawning in seawater (SW) at the same time as ova. In some fish species, as the ova micropyle closes quickly after release, these minute unicells, the spermatozoa, have to accomplish their task of ...
Polakof Sergio - - 2008
We hypothesize that variations in dietary carbohydrate levels produce changes in glucosensor parameters in previously characterized glucosensing areas (hypothalamus and hindbrain) related with the regulation of food intake of a carnivorous fish species like rainbow trout. Therefore, we fed trout with standard, carbohydrate-free (CF) or high-carbohydrate (HC) diets for 10 ...
Derby Charles D - - 2008
This manuscript reviews the chemical ecology of two of the major aquatic animal models, fish and crustaceans, in the study of chemoreception. By necessity, it is restricted in scope, with most emphasis placed on teleost fish and decapod crustaceans. First, we describe the nature of the chemical world perceived by ...
Tsuchiya Ami - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Fish consumption advisories are developed to prevent overexposure to various contaminants. Recently, discussion has centered on the need to consider the benefits of fish consumption alongside possible risks when providing guidance. OBJECTIVE: As part of the Arsenic Mercury Intake Biometric Study involving the Japanese and Korean communities living in ...
Vumazonke, Lukhanyiso U ; ...
The winter diet and daily ration of four small size classes of estuary-associated fishes, <i>Rhabdosargus holubi</i>, <i>Gilchristella aestuaria</i>, <i>Glossogobius callidus</i> and <i>Monodactylus falciformis</i>, from the temporarily open/closed Igoda Estuary were investigated. The diet of <i>G. callidus</i> was dominated by gammarid amphipods and copepods. Copepods accounted for 70% by volume of ...
Omolafe, O O; ;
Some aspects of the biology of Tilapia zillii were examined between October 1997 and February 2000. Fish specimens were collected using a graded set of gillnets and castnets. Out of 1486 fish specimens, 867 were males while 619 were females. Regardless of their sex a significantly high number of fish ...
Miguel-Queralt Solange - - 2008
As in most vertebrates, plasma sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is produced in fish liver and regulates sex steroid access to target tissues. Low levels of SHBG mRNA are present in zebra fish gills but are unlikely to account for the high amounts of immunoreactive SHBG in filaments and lamellae. Although ...
Weber Christopher L - - 2008
Despite significant recent public concern and media attention to the environmental impacts of food, few studies in the United States have systematically compared the life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with food production against long-distance distribution, aka "food-miles." We find that although food is transported long distances in general (1640 ...
Besselink H - - 2008
In this study the potential impact of food chain-based biotransformation and physico-chemical weathering of toxaphene on its tumour promoting potential was investigated in vitro and in vivo. Human exposure to toxaphene is mainly through consumption of contaminated fish, therefore fish-borne residues of toxaphene (cod liver extract, CLE) were prepared by ...
Bryan, Patrick G
Analyses of stomach contents of Siganus spinus showed that algal availability and size and behavior characteristics of the fish determine what kinds of algae are ingested in the field. Sixty-two algal species were tested during multiple choice food preference trials in the laboratory. Elimination trials and observation tests showed a ...
Ye Xibiao - - 2008
A method for the analysis of 10 perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in whole fish homogenate is presented and applied to 60 fish samples collected from the Ohio, Missouri, and upper Mississippi Rivers in 2005. Method accuracy ranged between 86 and 125% with limits of quantitation between 0.2 and 10 ng/g wet ...
Li Xuemei - - 2008
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) were measured in zooplankton and five fish species collected from Gaobeidian Lake, which receives discharge from wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in Beijing, China. The mean total PFCs in five fish were in the order: crucian carp>common carp>leather catfish>white semiknife carp>tilapia. Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) occurred at the greatest ...
VILLANUEVA, Ching-Maria
An Ecopath model of the southern part of Lake Kivu, a deep African equatorial lake was constructed to quantitatively describe the possible impact of fish introductions in this ecosystem. This study is considered as an initial step in summarizing ecological and biological information, under a coherent framework, on this ecosystem. ...
Chi Tran T K - - 2008
The prevalence of fish-borne zoonotic trematode (FZT) metacercariae was investigated in fish farmed by rural households in Nghe An Province, located in northern Vietnam. In total, 716 fish, including tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and 6 carp species, i.e., grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus), bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis), mrigal (Cirrhinus mrigala), common carp ...
Harada Yasuo - - 2008
CONCLUSION: The lagena of pigeons is a unique organ and it is concluded that it is a key element in the magnetic sensor system of pigeons and migrating birds. The lagenal otolith in pigeons contains more iron than saccular and utricular otoliths. The function of the lagena of pigeons was ...
Yildirim Yeliz - - 2009
Cd, Ni, Cr, Zn, Cu and Pb concentrations of muscle tissue of 61 fish samples belonging to six fish species (Sparus auratus, Pomatomus saltatrix, Sarda sarda, Engraulis encrasicholus, Sander lucioperca, Scomber scombrus) retailed in Kayseri, Turkey were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry after wet digestion. Cd concentrations of at ...
Sano, Mitsuhiko
Population outbursts of the crown-of-thorns starfish, Acanthaster planci, have drastically altered communities in many coral reef areas of the Indo-west Pacific since the late 1960s. To understand the pattern of changes in fish communities on damaged coral colonies, direct observations and field experiments were carried out in inshore waters at ...
Sun Feei - - 2008
Chlorpyrifos, a widely used organophosphorus insecticide having many urban and agricultural pest control uses, is one of the major pesticides detected in Taiwan fishery products. Whereas previous studies examined, this study explored possible sources of chlorpyrifos residue, particularly in farmed fish. Eight hundred fourteen samples of marketable fish were analyzed ...
Gagliano Monica - - 2008
Vertebrate animals localize sounds by comparing differences in the acoustic signal between the two ears and, accordingly, ear structures such as the otoliths of fishes are expected to develop symmetrically. Sound recently emerged as a leading candidate cue for reef fish larvae navigating from open waters back to the reef. ...
Powell, JH
Tailings disposal from the Bougainville Copper Limited open-cut porphyry copper mine on Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea (1972-1989) impacted the ichthyofauna of the Jaba River, one of the largest rivers on the island. To assess the 'extent of this impact, comparative freshwater ichthyological surveys were conducted in five rivers on ...
Serrano Roque - - 2008
The presence of organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in wild and farmed gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) from the Western Mediterranean, Spain, is investigated. These pollutants were determined in white and red muscle and liver by gas chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Contaminant profiles present in both wild and ...
Srivastava Rajesh K - - 2008
Synthetic pyrethroids are the recent major class of broad spectrum, photostable, organic insecticides used in agricultural, domestic and veterinary applications and now account for more than 30% of global insecticide use. Cypermethrin is metabolized and eliminated significantly more slowly by fish than by mammals or birds, which may explain this ...
Claudet Joachim - - 2008
Marine reserves are widely used throughout the world to prevent overfishing and conserve biodiversity, but uncertainties remain about their optimal design. The effects of marine reserves are heterogeneous. Despite theoretical findings, empirical studies have previously found no effect of size on the effectiveness of marine reserves in protecting commercial fish ...
Miller, Alan C
Miller AC.1982. Effects of differential fish grazing on the community structure of an intertidal reef flat at Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands. Pac Sci 36(4): 467-482. The high and middle intertidal zones of the northeastern portion ("barren") of the limestone bench on the windward side of Enewetak Island, Enewetak Atoll, Marshall ...
Hassona Rifaat K - - 2008
An assessment of Committed Effective Dose (CED) due to consumption of Red Sea fish containing (210)Po and (137)Cs was performed for 23 different marine fish samples collected from the local market at Port Sudan. The fish were classified according to their feeding habits into three categories: carnivores, herbivores, and omnivores. ...
Rawson Christopher A - - 2008
Sewage effluent has been identified as a major source of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in the aquatic environment. The modified hemal spines (modified skeletal structures important in reproduction) of mosquitofish, Gambusia spp. have been shown to be under androgenic control and to be affected by exposure to estrogen. The current ...
Leal-Florez, Jenny
In tropical coastal ecosystems very little is known about the impacts of non-native fish species on the native ichthyofauna and to the author's knowledge, there are no published studies focusing on Caribbean estuaries. This study aims to determine the impacts of the non-native fish Oreochromis niloticus on the abundance, species ...
Greenwood M F D - - 2008
An estimated 5.66 x 10(7) fish (summed quarterly 95% confidence intervals: 3.01 x 10(7)-1.07 x 10(8)) weighing 258.4 t (143.2-467.9 t) were killed on the cooling-water intake screens of the 2400 MW Longannet Power Station (Forth estuary) in January 1999--December 2000. Abundance and number of species (40) collected were close ...
Whittington R J - - 2008
Propagating epizootics due to Pilchard herpesvirus (PHV) occurred in the Australian population of pilchard, Sardinops sagax neopilchardus (Steindachner) (Clupeidae), in 1995 and 1998-99, with up to 60% losses. No mortality events have been evident in the ensuing 7 years, one reason for which could be that PHV is now endemic. ...
van Leeuwen Stefan P J - - 2008
In order to determine the contamination with brominated flame retardants (BFR) in fish regularly consumed by Dutch citizens, 44 samples of freshwater fish, marine fish, and shellfish were analyzed for polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE), tetrabromobisphenol-A (TBBP-A) and its methylated derivative (me-TBBP-A), and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD), including its alpha-, beta- and gamma-diastereomers. ...
Ford Jennifer S - - 2008
Since the late 1980s, wild salmon catch and abundance have declined dramatically in the North Atlantic and in much of the northeastern Pacific south of Alaska. In these areas, there has been a concomitant increase in the production of farmed salmon. Previous studies have shown negative impacts on wild salmonids, ...
Sioen Isabelle - - 2008
Food intake is one of the principal exposure routes of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in humans. This study focuses on fish consumption as a PBDE exposure route. A probabilistic intake assessment of PBDEs and healthy long chain omega-3 PUFAs (LC n-3 PUFAs) was conducted for Belgian fish consumers in order ...
Lim Dawn Li-Chern - - 2008
Fish allergy is common in countries where consumption is high. Asian nations are amongst the world's largest consumers of fish but the allergen profiles of tropical fish are unknown. This study sought to evaluate the allergenicity of four commonly consumed tropical fish, the threadfin (Polynemus indicus), Indian anchovy (Stolephorus indicus), ...
Woodburn Kent B - - 2008
This study was designed to experimentally measure the assimilation efficiency of hexachlorobenzene (HCB) in a warm-water, benthic-feeding fish species, the channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Catfish were exposed to (14)C-radiolabeled HCB in catfish food over a 28-day exposure period, followed by a 14-day clearance period. Over the experimental period, the total ...
Møller O S - - 2008
The fish ectoparasites Branchiura (Crustacea) display two different ways of attachment to the fish surface as adults: the first maxillae are either hooks (Dolops) or suction discs (Argulus, Chonopeltis, and Dipteropeltis). In larval Argulus foliaceus the first maxillae are hooks. With the first molecular phylogeny of the Branchiura as a ...
Mitchell S C - - 2008
Forty-six different foods eaten by six healthy male volunteers were investigated as potential sources of the aliphatic secondary amine, dimethylamine. None that were representatives from the fruit and vegetable, meat, dairy and grain produce categories afforded any measurable elevation in urinary dimethylamine output following ingestion. All of the statistically significant ...
Greenfield Ben K - - 2008
Sacramento splittail (Pogonichthys macrolepidotus) is a species of special concern in California, due to multiple anthropogenic stressors. To better understand the potential impact of contaminant exposure, adult splittail were captured from the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta (California, USA) and analyzed for histopathology and contaminant exposure. Organochlorine contaminants (PCBs, DDTs, dieldrin, ...
Ceinos Rosa M - - 2008
The effects of food deprivation and refeeding on daily rhythms of serotonin (5-HT), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and melatonin contents, as well as on arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase (AANAT) activity were evaluated in the pineal organ of rainbow trout. In addition, changes in circulating melatonin and cortisol levels were tested at one single ...
Sioen Isabelle - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Dietary intake of long-chain (LC) n-3 PUFA in developed countries is low compared with recommendations. Fish is naturally rich in LC n-3 PUFA, but is also a dietary source of heavy metals and organic pollutants. We investigated whether the recommendation for LC n-3 PUFA could be reached through fish ...
F. Papan
Soy defatted meal which contains some useful phytochemicals other than high amounts of protein has been used in fish food formula. In this research four species of fish with local names of Shirbot (<I>Barbs grypsus</I>), Berzem (<I>Barbus barbilus</I>), Capoor (<I>Cyprinus carpio</I>) and Ghezel-ala (<I>Salmo trutta</I>) were analysed for their nutritional ...
Maury-Brachet Régine - - 2008
GOAL, SCOPE AND BACKGROUND: The Gironde estuary is considered as a reference ecosystem with a large fish assemblage (75 species) and the presence of eleven diadromous species. However, geochemical studies and biomonitoring using oysters have shown high metal pollution levels. During the December 1999 hurricane, more than 5,000 young Siberian ...
Starliper Clifford E - - 2008
There are a number of significant diseases among cultured and free-ranging freshwater fishes that have a bacterial etiology; these represent a variety of gram-negative and gram-positive genera. Confirmatory diagnosis of these diseases involves primary isolation of the causative bacterium on bacteriologic media. Frequently used "general" bacteriologic media simply provide the ...
De Vico G - - 2008
Diseases caused by parasites are much more frequently described in cultured fish, which suffer from artificial conditions and numerous stress factors. This study investigates the histological, histochemical and morphometric modifications of splenic melanomacrophage centers (SMMCs) infected by Sparicotyle chrisophrii (Monogenea, ectoparasite of the gills) in sea breams (Sparus aurata), cultured ...
Coll Marta - - 2008
Fisheries catches represent a net export of mass and energy that can no longer be used by trophic levels higher than those fished. Thus, exploitation implies a depletion of secondary production of higher trophic levels (here the production of mass and energy by herbivores and carnivores in the ecosystem) due ...
Tsuchiya Ami - - 2008
Public health guidance pertaining to fish consumption requires that we be cognizant of the health concerns associated with eating contaminated fish and the nutritional benefits obtained from fish consumption. In doing so, a need exists for an improved understanding of the extent of contamination within various fish species consumed by ...
Pieniak Zuzanna - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to explore the cross-cultural differences in the frequency of fish intake and in motivations for fish consumption between people from households with (CVD+) or without (CVD-) medical history of cardiovascular disease, using data obtained in five European countries. A cross-sectional consumer survey was carried ...
Loewe Laurence - - 2008
The Amazon molly (Poecilia formosa) is a small unisexual fish that has been suspected of being threatened by extinction from the stochastic accumulation of slightly deleterious mutations that is caused by Muller's ratchet in non-recombining populations. However, no detailed quantification of the extent of this threat is available. Here we ...
Jang Cheng-Shin - - 2008
This work probabilistically explored a safe utilization ratio (UR) of groundwater in fish ponds located in blackfoot disease hyperendemic areas in terms of the regulation of arsenic (As) concentrations. Sequential indicator simulation was used to reproduce As concentrations in groundwater and to propagate their uncertainty. Corresponding URs of groundwater were ...
Guermazi Wassim - - 2008
The growth rate of the ciliate Fabrea salina was studied in batch cultures in the presence of three feeds, tested separately from each other: the Prymnesiophyceae, Isochrysis galbana obtained from pure culture, the Chlorophyceae Dunaliella salina, and the commercially available yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. F. salina, and D. salina were harvested ...
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