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Results 201 - 250 of 1077
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Tacon Albert G J - - 2009
At present, small pelagic forage fish species (includes anchovies, herring, mackerel, sardines, etc.) represent the largest landed species group in capture fisheries (27.3 million t or 29.7% of total capture fisheries landings in 2006). They also currently constitute the major species group actively fished and targeted for nonfood uses, including ...
Mirto Simone - - 2010
The worldwide exponential growth of off-shore mariculture is raising severe concerns about the impacts of this industry on marine habitats and their biodiversity. We investigated the metazoan meiofaunal response to fish-farm impact in four regions of the Mediterranean Sea. Meiofaunal assemblages were investigated in two habitats (seagrass meadows of Posidonia ...
Tsuchiya Ami - - 2009
Estimates of exposure to toxicants are predominantly obtained from single time-point data. Fish consumption guidance based on these data may be incomplete, as recommendations are unlikely to consider impact from factors such as intraindividual variability, seasonal differences in consumption behavior, and species consumed. We studied populations of Korean (n = ...
Waycott Michelle - - 2009
Coastal ecosystems and the services they provide are adversely affected by a wide variety of human activities. In particular, seagrass meadows are negatively affected by impacts accruing from the billion or more people who live within 50 km of them. Seagrass meadows provide important ecosystem services, including an estimated $1.9 ...
Sioen Isabelle - - 2009
This article discusses the seafood consumption worldwide as well as the related nutritional-toxicological conflict. An exposure assessment was performed using seafood consumption data from the Global Environment Monitoring System and nutrient and contaminant concentration data. The data indicated that the region of Japan, Korea, Madagascar and Philippines have the highest ...
Curtis Robert I - - 2009
Umami is the taste of foods that are rich in glutamic acid and 2 ribonucleotides, 5'-inosinate and 5'-guanylate. This distinctive taste of modern Eastern cuisine, which is finding a receptive audience in the Western hemisphere, characterized many dishes that ancient Romans consumed >2000 y ago. Romans enjoyed numerous foods that ...
Sawanyawisuth Kanlayanee - - 2009
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a major public health problem in the northeastern part of Thailand where the prevalence of this cancer is highest in the world. It is a slow growing tumor but highly metastatic with a poor prognosis. The traditional habit of eating raw fish, repeated exposure to liver fluke ...
Siebeck U E UE ARC Centre of Excellence in Vision Science, Sensory Neurobiology Group, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Queensland, QLD 4072, Australia. - - 2009
Coral reef fish live in a complex world of colour and patterns. If they are to survive they need to be able to correctly identify the things they see (e.g. predators, prey) and act accordingly (e.g. flee, feed). This paper investigates whether discrimination is limited to ecologically relevant stimuli or ...
Brantsaeter Anne Lise - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Few biomarkers for dietary intake of various food groups have been established. The aim of the present study was to explore whether selenium (Se), iodine, mercury (Hg) or arsenic may serve as a biomarker for total fish and seafood intake in addition to the traditionally used n-3 fatty acids ...
Yashpal Madhu - - 2009
The buccal cavity of an herbivorous fish, Cirrhinus mrigala, was investigated by scanning electron microscopy to determine its surface ultrastructure. The buccal cavity shows significant adaptive modifications in relation to food and feeding ecology of the fish. The buccal cavity of the fish is of modest size and limited capacity, ...
Berger Urs - - 2009
Perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) were analyzed in muscle tissue from edible fish species caught in the second largest freshwater lake in Sweden, Lake Vättern (LV), and in the brackish water Baltic Sea (BS). Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) was the predominant PFAS found. PFOS concentrations were higher in LV (medians 2.9-12 ng ...
Lall Santosh P - - 2009
Nutrition and feeding influence growth, reproduction, and health of fish and their response to physiologic and environmental stressors and pathogens. The basics of fish metabolism are similar to those of warm-blooded animals in that they involve food intake, digestion, absorption, and transport of nutrients to the various tissues. Fish, however, ...
Chumchal Matthew M - - 2009
Most studies examining the influence of ecological characteristics of fish on Hg concentration in fish tissues have focused on a few variables and been conducted in northern ecosystems. We examined how total length (TL), age, food-web position (estimated using delta13C and delta15N), and habitat were related to total Hg concentrations ...
Grego M - - 2009
The present study aimed to establish potential indicators of fish farming pollution in muddy substrate, by means of meiofauna, and to test whether the effect of the fish farm is more important to determine the meiofauna community than the seasonal environmental conditions. Sampling was performed in spring, after several months ...
Fernandez-Jover Damian - - 2009
Two south-west Mediterranean fish farms were monitored over a period of 22 months to test if sea-cage fish farms act as settlement habitats for juvenile fish. Twenty juvenile fish species were found to settle at farms throughout the year. Fish assemblage composition varied markedly over time and was dependent on ...
Laiz-Carrión Raúl - - 2009
Prolactin (PRL), growth hormone (GH) and somatolactin (SL) expression was studied in gilthead sea bream (Sparus auratus) in response to several different stressors (salinity, food deprivation or stocking density). In the first experiment, specimens were acclimated during 100 days at three different environmental salinities: low salinity water (LSW, 6 ppt), ...
Arellano-Aguilar Omar - - 2009
Methyl parathion (MeP), an insecticide commonly used in Mexico, has been detected in water bodies adjacent to agricultural crops and is accumulated in the tissue of the amarillo (Girardinichthys multiradiatus), a viviparous fish unique to Central Mexico. Evidence of MeP accumulation in a G. multiradiatus population prompted assessment of the ...
Shaw Susan D - - 2009
Seven species of teleost fishes comprising major prey of northwest Atlantic harbor seals were analyzed for polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). PBDE concentrations in whole fish samples (n=87) were compared with those measured previously in harbor seal blubber to evaluate the transfer of PBDEs from prey to predator. Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) concentrations ...
Louca Vasilis - - 2009
Emigration is a widespread phenomenon among fish species in seasonal habitats, but little is known about the factors which trigger this behaviour. In controlled experiments using Tilapia guineensis, a species widely occurring in the seasonal floodplains of West Africa, density of fish played a significant role in triggering fish migration, ...
Santos M M - - 2009
Because of their ubiquity in the aquatic environment, the antifouling agent tributyltin (TBT) and other organotins (OTs) accumulate through the food chain, resulting in the occurrence of OTs in seafood products. Despite a high number of studies on the negative impact of TBT in female prosobranch gastropods, few works exist ...
Flores, H.
The distribution and abundance of larval and postlarval fishes was investigated in the Lazarev Sea, Southern Ocean, in March and April 2004. The upper 200 m of the water column were sampled with an 8 m2 rectangular midwater trawl at 93 stations. The larval species community clustered in a diverse ...
LUNDSTEDT, HELENA
Fishing is important to the countries in West Africa since it provides food, work opportunities and foreign exchange for the countries. Fishing agreements have granted access to their fishing waters to the EU, which needs this access to meet the increasing demand of fish from its inhabitants. With the EU ...
Harcourt Jennifer L - - 2009
In many animal groups, certain individuals consistently appear at the forefront of coordinated movements [1-4]. How such leaders emerge is poorly understood [5, 6]. Here, we show that in pairs of sticklebacks, Gasterosteus aculeatus, leadership arises from individual differences in the way that fish respond to their partner's movements. Having ...
Sandweiss Daniel H - - 2009
Between approximately 5,800 and 3,600 cal B.P. the biggest architectural monuments and largest settlements in the Western Hemisphere flourished in the Supe Valley and adjacent desert drainages of the arid Peruvian coast. Intensive net fishing, irrigated orchards, and fields of cotton with scant comestibles successfully sustained centuries of increasingly complex ...
Trape Sébastien - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Four central Sahara mountainous massifs provide habitats for relict populations of fish. In the Adrar of Mauritania all available data on the presence and distribution of fish come from pre-1960 surveys where five fish species were reported: Barbus pobeguini, Barbus macrops, Barbus mirei, Sarotherodon galilaeus, and Clarias anguillaris. Since ...
Scheelbeek Pauline - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In the 1980s Vibrio cholerae was found to be an autochthonous resident of aquatic environments. As result, ingestion of undercooked, contaminated fish has been associated with cholera transmission. An alternative mechanism of transmission associated with fish was hypothesised by Sch??rmann et al. in 2002. He described a cholera case ...
Sun Min - - 2009
Fish, as one of the most common causes of IgE-mediated food hypersensitivity, has recently received increasing attention from the food industry and legislative and regulatory agencies. A real-time polymerase chain reaction assay based on TaqMan-MGB probe technology was developed for the detection of parvalbumin, a major fish allergen gene. The ...
Li Duo - - 2009
Fish (finfish or shellfish) has been classified as healthy by health professionals despite containing contaminants, since fish is high in long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids which have multiple beneficial health effects such as decreased risk of stroke via anti-thrombotic and vasodilative effects, increased heart rate variability, reducing serum triacylglycerol and ...
Pinto Pereira Lexley M - - 2009
Two otherwise healthy middle-aged males presented with persistent abdominal and lower- back pain, progressive weakness, paraesthesias, fatigue and weight loss over 8-12 months. Extensive work-up failed to localize organ pathology. Both men, strongly aware of the nutritional benefits of fish had a diet dedicated of canned and fresh fish. Raised ...
Cnaani A - - 2009
Aquaculture is one of the fastest rising sectors of world food production. Hundreds of fish species are cultured, providing an affordable, high quality food source. Two aspects of sexual development are critically important for the continued improvement of cultured fish stocks: sexual dimorphism and control of reproduction. In this paper, ...
Schnappinger Markus - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that fish intake plays a protective role in the development of allergic diseases because of its high content of n-3 very long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (VLC-PUFA). However, it is not clear whether fish intake also has a beneficial effect in adulthood, when allergic diseases ...
Pinto Pereira Lexley M - - 2009
Two otherwise healthy middle-aged males presented with persistent abdominal and lower- back pain, progressive weakness, paraesthesias, fatigue and weight loss over 8-12 months. Extensive work-up failed to localize organ pathology. Both men, strongly aware of the nutritional benefits of fish had a diet dedicated of canned and fresh fish. Raised ...
Burger Joanna J Division of Life Sciences, Environmental and Occupational Sciences Institute (EOHSI), Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8082, USA. - - 2009
Some fish contain high levels of mercury (Hg), which could pose a risk to fish eaters themselves or their children. In making decisions about fish consumption, people must decide whether to eat fish, how much to eat, what species to eat, and what size fish to eat, as well as ...
Krupczynski Philipp - - 2008
Numerous animal navigators are not simply at the mercy of winds and currents but cope with drift to reach their goals. Here, we report how a fruit-catching Costa Rican fish combines an analysis of aerial motion with a novel way of compensating for drift to optimize its catching success. In ...
Mirza R S - - 2009
In this study, we sampled yellow perch from three lakes along a metal-contamination gradient and examined their olfactory ability in response to conspecific chemical alarm cues and metal-binding characteristics of their olfactory epithelium (OE). We measured the electrophysiological response at the OE, tested their antipredator behaviour and measured neuronal density ...
Volkoff Hélène - - 2009
In vertebrates including fish, food intake regulation involves intricate networks of hormones produced by both brain and peripheral tissues. Under optimum conditions, nutritional intake is adequate for basal metabolic needs, growth, development, reproduction, and deposition of energy stores. As fish represent a very diverse group, different fish species live in ...
Van Dam A R - - 2008
Three mosquito species, Culex tarsalis Coquillett, Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae), were examined in laboratory binary choice experiments to investigate whether fish exudates from the mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard) (Cyprinodontiformes: Poecilliidae), deter oviposition and whether the responses of these mosquito species to fish exudates ...
Oliveira M - - 2009
Fish gill importance in toxicants uptake, bioconcentration and excretion allied to meagre knowledge on branchial damage/protection responses substantiate this study. Five critical sites in Ria de Aveiro (Portugal) were assessed in comparison with a reference site (Torreira), focusing on Liza aurata gill antioxidant defences versus damage (oxidative and genetic). Only ...
Rylander Charlotta - - 2009
There are strong indications that a moderate intake of fatty fish decreases the risk of cardiovascular diseases due to its content of omega-3 fatty acids. Other studies indicate that fatty fish consumption increase the body burden of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) and may thereby increase the risk of negative health ...
Dórea José G - - 2009
The co-occurrence of fish MeHg and omega-3 fatty acids in wild species can indeed be optimized by choosing certain species. Farmed finfish and shellfish that are fed fish-meal, however, can bioconcentrate both MeHg (in muscle) and organohalogen pollutants passed on in the fat components [Dorea, J.G., 2006. Fish meal in ...
Braubach Oliver R - - 2009
The zebrafish olfactory system is an attractive model for studying neural processing of chemosensory information. Here we characterize zebrafish olfactory behaviors and their modification through learning, using an apparatus consisting of a circular flow-through tank that allows controlled administration of odorants. When exposed to the amino acids l-alanine and l-valine, ...
Tembo Rostern N - - 2009
In this study, Poecilia sphenops (gold mollies) were chronically exposed to low pH that mimic those found in natural environments, e.g., rivers and lakes. The Poecilia sphenops were placed in two separate aquaria with pH levels of 5 and 6 and presented with a different chemically mediated behavioral challenge of ...
Sundt Rolf C - - 2009
The sensitivity of different tissues for assessment of chronic low-dose environmental exposure of fish to alkylphenols (APs) was investigated. We exposed Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in the laboratory to tritium labelled 4-tert-butylphenol, 4n-pentylphenol, 4n-hexylphenol, and 4n-heptylphenol via seawater (8 ng/l) and via contaminated feed (5 microg/kg fish per day). Measurements ...
Abdelouahab Nadia - - 2008
Many studies use the number of fish meals as an estimate of Hg intake, although fish Hg concentrations, even within the same species, can greatly vary. Furthermore, most freshwater advisories only refer to local catch, while market fish advisories only focus on market fish, although both can contribute to Hg ...
Harris Shelley A - - 2009
Exposure to persistent, bioaccumulating substances, through the consumption of contaminated fish is of concern in human populations. Consumption may be particularly high for subsistence, commercial, and recreational fishers, so it is important to obtain accurate consumption estimates to assess risks in these groups. The objectives of the work reported here ...
Nomura M - - 2009
This study examined the physiology (plasma cortisol, glucose, lactate, potassium, sodium and chloride concentrations) and behaviour (underwater video footage) of commercially produced Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) smolts during transport from freshwater farms to saltwater net pens. Smolts were transported by truck in closed tanks from two freshwater farms to the ...
Singh Pratap B - - 2008
Investigation of lethal dose of gamma-HCH (gamma isomer of hexachlorocyclohexane), DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) and chlorpyrifos on spermatozoa motility after 40 days exposure in catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis was done under laboratory conditions. The sperm motility was done in the fishes captured from unpolluted ponds of Gujartal considering as reference site and polluted ...
Paterson Gordon - - 2008
The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class of anti-depressants is among the most widely prescribed groups of pharmaceuticals. Consequently, aquatic ecosystems impacted by municipal wastewater discharges are predicted to receive substantial annual loadings of these compounds. Although SSRIs have been detected in fish tissues, little is known of their uptake ...
DeFelice, Ralph C
The importance of open, sandy substrate adjacent to coral reefs as habitat and a food source for fishes has been little studied in most shallow tropical waters in the Pacific, including Hawai'i. In this study, in Hanalei Bay, Hawai'i, we identified and quantified the major invertebrate fauna (larger than 0.5 ...
Al-Kahem-Al-Balawi H F - - 2008
The present study showed that the population density of a native fish (A. dispar) in the freshwater environments of Saudi Arabia is declining. It is concluded from the present investigations that A. dispar is not threatened by a single isolated factor, but instead faces numerous stressors that jeopardize multiple stages ...
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