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Wick Jeannette Y - - 2012
Public health authorities have mounted campaigns aimed at educating Americans about the obesity epidemic and urging them to consume less sugar. Another food additive-salt-is also a culprit, and many experts believe it should be the target of our next major public health campaign. In addition to obesity, salt is associated ...
Kafri Naama - - 2012
A healthy diet and good eating behaviors are essential components of long-term success in weight maintenance after bariatric surgery. Although rates of revised bariatric surgery have increased, data on subsequent behavioral outcomes are sparse. The aim of our study was to investigate behavioral outcomes following revised laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (R-LSG) ...
Saeidi N N Center for Engineering in Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Shriners Hospital for Children, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2012
All available treatments directed towards obesity and obesity-related complications are associated with suboptimal effectiveness/invasiveness ratios. Pharmacological, behavioral and lifestyle modification treatments are the least invasive, but also the least effective options, leading to modest weight loss that is difficult to maintain long-term. Gastrointestinal weight loss surgery (GIWLS) is the most ...
Jessen Lene L Division of Endocrinology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45237, - - 2012
Administration of the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists GLP-1 and exendin-4 (Ex-4) directly into the central nervous system decreases food intake. But although Ex-4 potently suppresses food intake after peripheral administration, the effects of parenteral GLP-1 are variable and not as strong. A plausible explanation for these effects is the ...
Mackie Alan - - 2012
SCOPE: We have tested the hypothesis that high fat foods such as chocolate induce reduced rates of gastric emptying in comparison to lower fat foods and that this can impact uptake of allergens and subsequent reactions in allergic patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: In four volunteers, magnetic resonance imaging was used ...
Chambers Adam P AP Metabolic Disease Institute, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. - - 2013
Reductions in levels of the hunger-stimulating hormone ghrelin have been proposed to mediate part of the effects of vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgeries for obesity. We studied circulating levels of acyl and desacyl ghrelin in rats after these surgeries. We found that blood levels of ghrelin ...
Ullrich Jennifer - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Many obese subjects suffer from an increased hedonic drive to consume palatable foods, i.e., hedonic hunger, and often show unfavorable dietary habits. Here, we investigated changes in the hedonic hunger and dietary habits after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. METHODS: Forty-four severely obese patients were examined before and on ...
Mondovi Bruno - - 2012
This review provides an update on histamine, on diamine oxidase (DAO) and on their implications in allergy and various conditions or affections, such as food histaminosis, ischemia and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). The review also presents, in brief, patent coverage on therapies for allergy and IBD with the focus on ...
Bessler Scott M - - 2012
At the gastroesophageal junction, most vertebrates possess a functional lower esophageal sphincter (LES) which may serve to regulate the passage of liquids and food into the stomach and prevent the reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus. Snakes seemingly lack an LES and consume meals large enough to extend anteriorly ...
Intarakamhang Sireerat - - 2012
An automated electrochemical microtiter plate assay for the quantification of free radical scavengers (antioxidants) in food samples is described. Dietary antioxidant capacity measurements were achieved using the radical compound 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH·) as an amperometric redox indicator, with a pencil lead working electrode, in conjunction with a Pt counter-electrode and Ag/AgCl ...
Li Zongyun - - 2012
Nowadays, β(2)-agonists are abused illegally as "lean meat agents" for food-producing animals, and cause increasing food-safety accidents in some countries. Due to their hazard to the human health, "lean meat agents" are banned in most countries and required to be routinely monitored. We herein report a disposable electrochemiluminescent immunosensors array ...
- - 2012
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing a final rule to require the filing of a premarket approval application (PMA) or a notice of completion of a product development protocol (PDP) for the cardiovascular permanent pacemaker electrode. The Agency has summarized its findings regarding the degree of risk of ...
Mahendra Poonam - - 2012
Ferula asafoetida is herbaceous plant of the umbelliferae family. It is oleo gum resin obtained from the rhizome and root of plant. This spice is used as a digestive aid, in food as a condiment and in pickles. It is used in modern herbalism in the treatment of hysteria, some ...
Chu Pei Tzu - - 2012
This work develops a label-free gliadin immunosensor that is based on changes in the frequency of a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) chip. A higher sensitivity was obtained by applying 25 nm gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to the surface of a bare QCM electrode. Subsequently, chicken anti-gliadin antibodies (IgY) were immobilized directly ...
Naila Aishath - - 2012
Rihaakuru is a shelf stable fish paste product formed from a fish soup prepared from tuna. Histamine contamination is a food safety issue with this product that is manufactured from tuna fish that has been temperature abused. Histamine concentrations decreased between 31% and 73% in Rihaakuru stored for 10months at ...
Kergaravat Silvina V - - 2012
An electrochemical magneto biosensor for the rapid determination of biotin in food samples is reported. The affinity reaction was performed on streptavidin-modified magnetic microbeads as a solid support in a direct competitive format. The biotinylated horseradish peroxidase enzyme (biotin-HRP) competes with free biotin in the sample for the binding sites ...
Medeiros Roberta A - - 2012
Differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and a cathodically pretreated boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrode were used to simultaneously determine two pairs of synthetic food colorants commonly found mixed in food products: tartrazine (TT) and sunset yellow (SY) or brilliant blue (BB) and sunset yellow (SY). In the DPV measurements using the BDD ...
Viswanathan Subramanian - - 2012
Bacterial food poisoning is an ever-present threat that can be prevented with proper care and handling of food products. A disposable electrochemical immunosensor for the simultaneous measurements of common food pathogenic bacteria namely Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli), campylobacter and salmonella were developed. The immunosensor was fabricated by immobilizing the ...
Gholivand Mohammad Bagher - - 2012
Using a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) as a recognition element, the design and construction of a high selective voltammetric sensor for propazine were introduced. A computational approach was developed to study the intermolecular interactions in the pre-polymerization mixture and to find a suitable functional monomer in MIP preparation. Having confirmed ...
Ceuppens Siele - - 2012
The foodborne pathogen Bacillus cereus can cause diarrhoeal food poisoning by production of enterotoxins in the small intestine. The prerequisite for diarrhoeal disease is thus survival during gastrointestinal passage. Vegetative cells of 3 different B. cereus strains were cultivated in a real composite food matrix, lasagne verde, and their ...
Hotta Mari - - 2012
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an eating disorder characterized by a decrease in caloric intake and malnutrition. It is associated with a variety of medical morbidities as well as significant mortality. Nutritional support is of paramount importance to prevent impaired quality of life later in life in affected patients. Some patients ...
Nagaoka Tsutomu - - 2012
In this article, we report on a food-cholesterol monitoring sensor based on a non-enzymatic approach. Amorphous and single-crystal gold electrodes were modified with an alkanethiol self-assembled monolayer to quantify it by voltammetry. We first discuss the basic characteristics of these sensors and provide more information about the instrument developed by ...
Herrera-López Enrique J - - 2012
Recent advances in the field of biology, electronics, and nanotechnology have improved the development of biosensors. A biosensor is a device composed of a biological recognition element and a sensor element. Biosensor applications are becoming increasingly important in areas such as biotechnology, pharmaceutics, food, and environment. Lipases and phospholipases are ...
Russo Pasquale - - 2012
Ingestion of fermented foods containing high levels of biogenic amines (BA) can be deleterious to human health. Less obvious is the threat posed by BA producing organisms contained within the food which, in principle, could form BA after ingestion even if the food product itself does not initially contain high ...
Hejazi Jalal - - 2011
Background: Long-standing chronic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis are known to be associated with impairment of nutritional status to some degree. The present study aimed to assess nutritional status of women with rheumatoid arthritis and compare their ingestion of certain micronutrients with dietary reference intakes. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, ...
Silva Karine Fedrigo - - 2011
Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a risk factor for atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease, is related to an inadequate food intake pattern. Its incidence is increasing among Brazilian adults, including those living in rural areas. Our aim was not only to describe the frequency of MetS in adults with or without MetS ...
Engel Karl-Heinz - - 2011
The Council of the European Union has proposed a revision on the EU regulation on novel foods and novel food ingredients concerning safety assessment of traditional foods from non-EU countries and their introduction onto the EU market. The proposal stipulates that such foods may be placed on the EU market ...
Yosef Reuven - - 2011
Our study describes how brown-necked ravens (Corvus ruficollis) are able to take advantage of an ordinarily inaccessible, high-quality food source by relying upon their innovative and manipulative thinking capabilities to exploit methods used by Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus) to overcome the problem. In five observed interactions, the ravens were first ...
Rumbeiha Wilson - - 2011
Commercial pet food in USA is generally safe, but adulteration does occur. Adulterated food has to be recalled to protect pets and public health. All stakeholders, including food firms, distributors, and government agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) participate in food recall. The objective of this review ...
- - 2011
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is classifying the contact cooling system for aesthetic use into class II (special controls). The special control that will apply to the device is the guidance document entitled "Guidance for Industry and FDA Staff; Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Contact Cooling System for ...
- - 2011
Food security is back in the headlines along with some hard-to-answer questions about how to achieve Millennium Development Goal 1. One of the solutions can be found in technology adapted for use on small farms in Africa. Gary Humphreys reports.
Hauck Mara - - 2011
We quantified the uncertainty due to biota-related parameters in estimated bioaccumulation factors (BAFs) of persistent organic pollutants for fish through Monte Carlo simulations. For this purpose, the bioaccumulation model OMEGA (Optimal Modeling for EcotoxicoloGical Applications) was parameterized based on data from the existing literature, analysis of allometric data, and maximum ...
Terashi Mutsumi - - 2011
Human and mouse urocortin 3 (Ucn3) were first identified in 2001. Ucn3 binds selectively to corticotropin-releasing factor receptor type 2 (CRF-R2). Previous studies have shown that centrally administered Ucn3 decreases food intake in rats. However, the role of Ucn3 in the regulation of gut motility remains to be determined. In ...
Rowson J - - 2011
Society is ageing and sadly that ageing leads to a host of issues, not least a society in which the majority are likely to have some loss of strength and dexterity. This can lead to complications in undertaking everyday tasks such as using transport, bathing or even handling and opening ...
Conde Crystal - - 2011
Six Grapevine physicians find themselves embroiled in a lawsuit with Texas Attorney General Greg Abbott for selling patients birth control devices the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved for distribution in this country. The clinic, along with other medical practices in several states, is under fire for using ...
Shah Meena M Department of Kinesiology, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX, United States. Electronic - - 2011
We report excessive binging and total reversal of weight loss in a patient after adjustable gastric banding surgery (AGBS). A 42-year-old female who underwent AGBS 4 years earlier was randomized to a diet group in a study on exercise training. The patient was on therapy for pre-diabetes and depression. She ...
Hesselmar B - - 2010
To investigate if the development of allergic diseases during the child's first 18 months of life is influenced by the time at which different food items were introduced into the child's diet. A birth cohort of 184 children was followed to 18 months of age. Diaries were used to document ...
Grol Monique G G - - 2011
Ecosystems are intricately linked by the flow of organisms across their boundaries, and such connectivity can be essential to the structure and function of the linked ecosystems. For example, many coral reef fish populations are maintained by the movement of individuals from spatially segregated juvenile habitats (i.e., nurseries, such as ...
Boerger Christiana M - - 2010
A significant amount of marine debris has accumulated in the North Pacific Central Gyre (NPCG). The effects on larger marine organisms have been documented through cases of entanglement and ingestion; however, little is known about the effects on lower trophic level marine organisms. This study is the first to document ...
Paśko Łukasz - - 2010
There are only a few documented cases of the use of either tools or substrates (anvils) as pseudotools in fishes. Described here is an anvil behavior of a labrid fish, Thalassoma hardwicke, observed under aquarium conditions. This fish was fed with pellets that are too large to swallow and too ...
Lugo Juana Maria - - 2010
To date, many technologies have been developed to increase efficiency in aquaculture, but very few successful biotechnology molecules have arrived on the market. In this context, marine biotechnology has an opportunity to develop products to improve the output of fish in aquaculture. Published in vivo studies on the action of ...
Brander K M - - 2010
Environmental factors act on individual fishes directly and indirectly. The direct effects on rates and behaviour can be studied experimentally and in the field, particularly with the advent of ever smarter tags for tracking fishes and their environment. Indirect effects due to changes in food, predators, parasites and diseases are ...
Lincoln Rebecca A - - 2011
Methylmercury (MeHg) exposure assessments among average fish consumers in the United States may underestimate exposures among U.S. subpopulations with high intakes of regionally specific fish. We examined relationships among fish consumption, estimated mercury (Hg) intake, and measured Hg exposure within one such potentially highly exposed group, recreational anglers in the ...
Bustnes Jan Ove - - 2010
Organohalogenated contaminants (OHCs), including organochlorines (OCs; PCB, and OC-pesticides), brominated flame retardants (BFRs; polybrominated diphenyl ethers [PBDE], hexabromocyclododecane [HBCD]) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), were measured in livers of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and saithe (Pollachius virens) caught in the vicinity of salmon farms (n = 75) and control sites (n ...
Poulsen S B - - 2010
This study tested the influence of energetic state on refuge use and dispersal in juvenile North Sea houting Coregonus oxyrinchus in an artificial stream. Food-deprived fish spent more time outside refuges than well-fed fish; however, the well-fed fish initiated dispersal faster than the food-deprived fish. The results may indicate state-dependent ...
Mitchell Staci L - - 2010
The increased need and demand for onsite, frequent, rapid, and portable food and bottled water testing for indicators of microbiological and chemical agents led to the deployment of 2 laboratory veterinary equipment sets. A Surveillance Food Laboratory Program (SFLP) was developed to allow Veterinary Corps commanders to establish targeted testing ...
Zhang Kun - - 2010
The current study measured the concentrations of 14 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and eight methoxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (MeO-PBDEs) in a marine food web and estimated their trophic magnification factors (TMFs), to highlight the differences between invertebrates, fish, and seabirds. Concentrations of PBDEs were orders of magnitude greater in seabirds ...
Vassilopoulou E - - 2010
Fish allergens represent one of the most common causes of adverse reactions to food worldwide. Double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFC) are the gold standard for food allergy diagnosis. However, no standardised recipes are available for common food allergens such as fish, and a well trained dietitian is essential for creating ...
Uusi-Heikkilä S - - 2011
The probabilistic maturation reaction norm (PMRN) describes an individual's probability of maturing at a given age as a function of size and other relevant phenotypic traits. Population-level shifts in the PMRN are often interpreted to indicate genetic as opposed to phenotypic changes in maturation in fish. Inferences derived from trends ...
Jobard Marlène - - 2010
Recently, molecular environmental surveys of the eukaryotic microbial community in lakes have revealed a high diversity of sequences belonging to uncultured zoosporic fungi commonly known as chytrids. These microorganisms have two different stages in their life cycle and are known as algal parasites (i.e. host-attached infective sporangia) and as food ...
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