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Leamon Christopher P - - 2006
A novel folate conjugate of desacetylvinblastine monohydrazide (DAVLBH), herein referred to as EC140, was designed and evaluated for biological activity against folate receptor (FR)-positive cells and tumors. EC140 was produced by coupling a peptidic analogue of the vitamin folic acid to DAVLBH via an acylhydrazone bond. This water-soluble conjugate was ...
Martin-Creuzburg Dominik - - 2006
Experimental results provide evidence that trophic interactions between ciliates and Daphnia are constrained by the comparatively low food quality of ciliates. The dietary sterol content is a crucial factor in determining food quality for Daphnia. Ciliates, however, presumably do not synthesize sterols de novo. We hypothesized that ciliates are nutritionally ...
Mito N - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the status of dietary folate intake, serum and red blood cell (RBC) folate, and related nutritional biomarkers in healthy Japanese women in early pregnancy. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, observational study. SUBJECTS: Pregnant women in the first trimester, at 7-15 weeks gestation (n=70), who were not consuming any folate ...
McKillop Derek J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Evidence is conflicting as to whether the bioavailability of food folates is influenced by the extent of their conjugation. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare the bioavailability of 3 representative food folate sources with various degrees of glutamylation-ie, egg yolk, spinach, and yeast, whose polyglutamyl folate content measured 0%, ...
Kamien Max - - 2006
The fortification of staple foods has eliminated many deficiency diseases. Despite this, "tampering" with people's food always provokes opposition, much of it from health professionals. Opposition is often based on self-interest, tunnel vision and theory rather than research. A historical perspective of the patterns of objections to fortification and its ...
Shaheen Rubina - - 2006
BACKGROUND: National nutrition programs in Bangladesh have included prenatal food supplementation to reduce maternal and child malnutrition. The knowledge base is weak regarding the effect of prenatal food supplementation on the birth weight (BW) of infants in populations in whom low BW is prevalent and regarding any variation in effect ...
Lorrain Bénédicte - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to validate the joint sensory impact of target compounds on the typicality degree of wine. Target compounds were selected from previous gas chromatography-olfactometry analysis. The preliminary experiment consisted in selecting odorants thought to have a positive effect on typical Chardonnay wines. Two sets ...
Nutescu Edith A - - 2006
Despite its complex pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile, warfarin is still one of the most widely used oral anticoagulant agents. Attaining optimal anticoagulation with this agent is clinically challenging in view of its many food and drug interactions. Inappropriate anticoagulation control can expose patients to an increased risk of bleeding or ...
Grippo Anne A - - 2006
PURPOSE: The metal content of dietary supplements, including 13 ephedra-containing supplements, was studied. METHODS: Samples of botanicals (black cohosh, echinacea, goldenseal, kava kava, milk thistle, saw palmetto, Synephrine, and valerian root), ephedra-containing dietary supplements (Amp II, EPH 833, Ephedra, Ephedra 1000, Hydroxycut, Metabolife 356, Metabolift, Ripped Fuel, Ripped Fuel Extreme, ...
Gange Christopher A CA Division of Cardiology, Tufts-New England Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2006
The Food and Drug Administration has banned the sale of ephedrine-based weight-loss products because of their association with many cardiovascular adverse effects. Bitter orange is now being used as a stimulant in "ephedra-free" weight-loss supplements but was recently implicated in adverse cardiovascular sequelae. To our knowledge, this report describes the ...
Snyder Shane A - - 2006
The oxyhalide anions perchlorate and chlorate were measured in a series of dietary (vitamin and mineral) supplements and flavor enhancing ingredients collected from various commercial vendors in two large US cities. Analyses were conducted using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The limit of detection was based on the ...
Ververis C - - 2007
Freshwater algal biomass and orange and lemon peels were assessed as tissue paper pulp supplements. Cellulose and hemicellulose contents of algal biomass were 7.1% and 16.3%, respectively, whereas for citrus peels cellulose content ranged from 12.7% to 13.6% and hemicellulose from 5.3% to 6.1%. For all materials, lignin and ash ...
Carvalheiro F - - 2006
The effect of nutrient supplementation of brewery's spent grain (BSG) hydrolysates was evaluated with respect to biomass and xylitol production by Debaryomyces hansenii. For optimal biomass production, supplementation of full-strength BSG hydrolysates required only phosphate (0.5 g l(-1) KH(2)PO(4)), leading to a biomass yield and productivity of 0.60 g g(-1) ...
Stjernberg Louise - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the users of herbal medicine products and food supplements with regard to age and gender specifically among persons aged > or = 60 years. DESIGN: A descriptive study with baseline data from a longitudinal study of the elderly, stratified into different age cohorts (60-69, 70-79, 80-89, and ...
Takita Yuko - - 2006
Carotenemia is characterized by an abnormal yellowish orange pigmentation of the skin, most prominently seen on the palms and soles. Although it is associated with several disease such as diabetes, hypothyroidism and anorexia nervosa, it is caused by excessive intake of carotene-rich food such as oranges and carrots in most ...
Finglas P M - - 2006
In the past decade, the understanding of folate bioavailability, metabolism and related health issues has increased, but several problems remain, including the difficulty of delivering the available knowledge to the populations at risk. Owing to the low compliance of taking folic acid supplements, for example, among women of child-bearing age ...
Briefel Ronette - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report the prevalence of dietary supplement use in a random sample of US infants 4 to 24 months of age, and to compare demographic characteristics, usual nutrient intakes, and food patterns of supplement users and nonusers. DESIGN: Data from 24-hour recalls collected for the 2002 Feeding Infants and ...
Witthöft Cornelia M - - 2006
Data on folate absorption from food from validated human studies using physiological folate doses are still needed to estimate dietary requirements and to formulate recommendations. The aim of the present work was to study the effects from fortified and processed foods on folate absorption in ileostomy volunteers (n 9) using ...
Hung Jean - - 2006
The effectiveness of additional food folate in improving folate status in humans is uncertain particularly in people with the common genetic variant (677 C-->T) in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene. To examine the effect of a doubling of food folate consumption on folate status response variables, women (n=32; 18-46 years) ...
Kris-Etherton Penny M - - 2005
Individual FA have diverse biological effects, some of which affect the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In the context of food-based dietary guidance designed to reduce CVD risk, fat and FA recommendations focus on reducing saturated FA (SFA) and trans FA (TFA), and ensuring an adequate intake of unsaturated FA. ...
Song Won O - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Elevated serum total homocysteine (tHcy) concentration is implicated in the etiology of cardiovascular disease (CVD). A significant food source of B-vitamins involved in homocysteine metabolism is ready-to-eat cereal (RTEC) in the U.S. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that tHcy concentration is inversely associated with RTEC intake and blood B-vitamin ...
Bower Carol - - 2005
Since the publication of randomised trials showing firm evidence of prevention of neural tube defects with periconceptional folic acid, there have been population health promotion programmes to encourage women to take folic acid supplements, and the introduction of voluntary fortification of some foods with folic acid in Australia. In order ...
Saker M L - - 2005
In this study we investigated the presence of toxin-producing cyanobacterial contaminants in food supplements manufactured from blooms of the non-toxic freshwater cyanobacterium Aphanizomenon flos-aquae. Previous reports investigating the contamination of health food supplements with toxin-producing cyanobacteria have used chemical and or biochemical methods such as HPLC, ELISA and protein phosphatase ...
Muskiet Frits A J - - 2005
Folate, methionine, betaine, choline, zinc and Vitamins B(12), B(6) and B(2) are involved in one-carbon metabolism, which includes S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) substrated methylation. Inadequate enzyme activities and imbalances of substrates and cofactors in one-carbon metabolism, together referred to as the 'methyldietary' constituents, may cause homocysteine and S-adenosylhomocysteine accumulation. Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated ...
Niering Petra - - 2005
Flavonoids are ubiquitous substances in fruits and vegetables. Among them, the flavonol kaempferol contributes up to 30% of total dietary flavonoid intake. Flavonoids are assumed to exert beneficial effects on human health, e.g., anticancer properties. For this reason, they are used in food supplements at high doses. The aim of ...
Primavera G - - 2005
Topically applied cosmetic products can be helpful in improving skin hydration. The study shows how oral supplementation could be helpful in improving and preventing the skin dehydration. A total of 32 healthy female volunteers entered the study. Of which, 16 were treated with a food supplement based on vegetable ceramides, ...
Robien Kim - - 2005
The nutrient folate is essential for normal cell growth and development. Enzymes that require folate as a cofactor have been common targets for chemotherapeutic agents. Limited clinical guidance is available regarding optimal levels of dietary or supplemental folate intake during antifolate chemotherapy to meet the goals of minimizing treatment-related toxicity ...
Keisler Brian D - - 2005
Ephedra has been used medicinally for thousands of years dating back to ancient Chinese medicine. Since its introduction to Western medicine in the 20th century, ephedra has been used for various ailments. The amphetamine-like activity of ephedra made it a popular supplement for promotion of weight loss and enhancement of ...
Takenaka Mizuki - - 2005
Peripheral inflammation is accompanied by neurobehavioral alterations such as depression of feeding, exploratory and sexual behaviors. Our previous investigation reported that dietary enrichment with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) attenuated the depression of food-motivated behavior and social exploration, but not endocrinological and metabolic disturbances in the mice with systemic inflammation ...
Archer Sujata L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess dietary supplement use and its association with micronutrient intakes and adequacy among 2,195 US men and women aged 40 to 59 years from eight diverse population samples surveyed by the International Population Study on Macronutrients and Blood Pressure. DESIGN: Four 24-hour dietary recalls were collected, including information ...
Hyun Taisun H - - 2005
For decades, the traditional food folate extraction method involved two steps including heat treatment, to release folate from its binding proteins, and folate conjugase treatment, to hydrolyze polyglutamyl folate to monoglutamyl folate. However, a trienzyme-extraction method of food folate was developed in the mid 1990s. This method involves the use ...
Tsukamoto Sachiko - - 2005
Recent investigation on drug interaction has shown that some foods and herbal medicines increase the oral availability of a variety of CYP3A4 substrates, which is caused by the reduction of CYP3A4 in intestinal epithelium. During the course of our investigation on CYP3A4 interaction, we found that the commercially available dietary ...
Hickling Siobhan - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of the voluntary folate fortification policy in Australia on serum folate and total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations. DESIGN: Population based cohort study. SETTING: Perth, Western Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Men and women aged 27 to 77 years (n = 468), who were originally randomly selected from ...
Koontz John L - - 2005
Analysis of total folate concentration measured by microbiological assay in a variety of foods submitted in a routine manner to experienced laboratories that regularly perform folate analysis on fee-for-service basis was evaluated. Homogenates of fresh strawberries, frozen spinach, orange juice, frozen meat and vegetable pizza, dry macaroni, and dried pinto ...
Yang Tai Li - - 2005
The presence of folic acid in enriched cereal grain products and the higher bioavailability of folic acid than food folate led to the expression of the 1998 folate RDA, 400 microg/d, as dietary folate equivalents (DFE). DFE are defined as: mug natural food folate + 1.7 x microg synthetic folic ...
Touvier Mathilde - - 2005
This study investigated the prevalence of inadequate micronutrient intake and the proportion of subjects who exceed Tolerable Upper Intake Levels a) with food only, and b) with food + supplements, in a population of French regular supplement users (n = 259). Assessment tools were seven-day records for supplements, three-day records ...
Meade Susie J - - 2005
During many food processing regimens, food proteins may undergo a variety of chemical modifications. Despite the enormous consumption of processed foods worldwide, much remains to be learned about the exact nature of these modifications. This is partly due to the complex nature of the changes involved, and partly to the ...
Pittler M H - - 2005
Herbal weight-loss supplements are marketed with claims of effectiveness. Our earlier systematic review identified data from double-blind, randomized controlled trials for a number of herbal supplements. The aim of this systematic review was to assess all clinical evidence of adverse events of herbal food supplements for body weight reduction for ...
Morris Martha Clare - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Deficiencies in folate and vitamin B12 have been associated with neurodegenerative disease. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between rates of age-related cognitive change and dietary intakes of folate and vitamin B12. DESIGN: Prospective study performed from 1993 to 2002. SETTING: Geographically defined biracial community in Chicago, Ill. PARTICIPANTS: A ...
Maurin Anne-Catherine - - 2005
To insure an adequate supply of nutrients, omnivores choose among available food sources. This process is exemplified by the well-characterized innate aversion of omnivores to otherwise nutritious foods of imbalanced amino acid content. We report that brain-specific inactivation of GCN2, a ubiquitously expressed protein kinase that phosphorylates translation initiation factor ...
Dietrich Daniel - - 2005
This article reviews current scientific knowledge on the toxicity and carcinogenicity of microcystins and compares this to the guidance values proposed for microcystins in water by the World Health Organization, and for blue-green algal food supplements by the Oregon State Department of Health. The basis of the risk assessment underlying ...
Oke Moustapha - - 2005
Even though several types of phosphorus fertilizers are used in crop production, the influence of phosphorus on produce quality is not well understood. Several quality attributes of tomato juice were analyzed in relation to phosphorus supplementation during a three-year field study (2000-2002). In addition to the recommended phosphorus fertilization, phosphorus ...
Brevik Asgeir - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Nutritional biomarkers may be used to assess dietary exposure without the errors commonly associated with self-reported dietary data. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the association between plasma folate and intake of folate, fruit, and vegetables in a large cohort of healthy adults consuming foods that had not been ...
Han Y H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To measure folate content in cooked foods commonly consumed in Korea for evaluating its relation to folate nutriture of college students. DESIGN: Folate content in 32 raw and cooked foods was measured by microbiological assay after trienzyme extraction. These values and the previously published values of 110 raw foods ...
Buckner Kaitlin D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Many pregnant women use dietary supplements during pregnancy; however, relatively scant information is available on the safety of these products. Consumers of dietary supplements often rely on employees of health food stores to provide recommendations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate recommendations made by health food store employees in the Phoenix metropolitan ...
Schabath Matthew B - - 2005
Dietary folate, a water-soluble B vitamin found in a variety of fruits and vegetables, is of particular interest as a chemopreventive agent due to its role in DNA methylation and DNA synthesis and repair. We hypothesized that individuals with low folate intake would be at an increased risk for bladder ...
Seamon Matthew J - - 2005
The Dietary Supplement Heath and Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA) established the regulatory framework for dietary supplements in the United States, triggering the growth of a multi-billion dollar industry. Ephedra is a dietary supplement used for weight loss. However, due to its sympathomimetic activity, it has caused stroke, cardiac arrhythmia, ...
DeVries Jonathan W - - 2005
In 1996, U.S. Food and Drug Administration regulations mandated the fortification of enriched cereal-grain products with folic acid, thereby emphasizing the need for validated methods for total folates in foods, particularly cereal products. The AOAC Official Methods (944.12, 960.46) currently used for the analysis of folate in foods for compliance ...
Milgram N W - - 2005
The effectiveness of two interventions, dietary fortification with antioxidants and a program of behavioral enrichment, was assessed in a longitudinal study of cognitive aging in beagle dogs. A baseline protocol of cognitive testing was used to select four cognitively equivalent groups: control food-control experience (C-C), control food-enriched experience (C-E), antioxidant ...
Picciano Mary Frances - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The findings of animal and human studies suggest that a certain component in milk enhances food folate bioavailability. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate whether cow milk enhances the bioavailability of food folate in humans. DESIGN: Thirty-one young women were fed low-folate diets on a 4-d rotation with (n=17) ...
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