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Vázquez-Fresno Rosa - - 2012
Moderate wine consumption is associated with health-promoting activities. An H-NMR-based metabolomic approach was used to identify urinary metabolomic differences of moderate wine intake in the setting of a prospective, randomized, crossover, and controlled trial. Sixty-one male volunteers with high cardiovascular risk factors followed three dietary interventions (28 days): dealcoholized red ...
Wu Ziyun - - 2012
ABSTRACT The effect of germination on bioactive components in legume seeds were investigated in terms of the antioxidant capacity and total phenolic contents. Germination increased total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of most seeds. Particularly in chickpea seeds, the isoflavone contents increased by over 100 fold, mainly due to increase ...
Coit Julia - - 2012
Background: Introducing solids foods to infants before 6 months has been associated with adverse long-term health outcomes. Studies and surveys frequently use maternal report to identify the age when infants start solid foods.Objective: To address the accuracy of maternal report at 1 year postpartum regarding introduction of solid foods.Methods: Between ...
Ratna Kumari B - - 2012
Pesticide residue monitoring was taken up at Kothapally and Enkepally villages of Ranga Reddy district, Andhra Pradesh in food crops (rice, maize, pigeonpea), vegetables (tomato and brinjal), cotton besides soil and water during 2008-2009 seasons. Of the 80 food crop and cotton samples, only two rice grain samples (3 %) showed ...
Westenbrink Susanne - - 2012
Nutrient values are influenced by the analytical method used. Food folate measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) or by microbiological assay (MA) yield different results, with in general higher results from MA than from HPLC. This leads to the question of how to deal with different analytical methods in ...
Alessandri Stefano - - 2012
In vitro component-resolved diagnosis of food allergy requires purified allergens that have to meet high standards of quality. These include the authentication of their conformation, which is relevant for the recognition by specific IgE antibodies from allergic patients. Therefore, highly sensitive and reliable screening methods for the analysis of proteins/allergens ...
Song Kyung-Mi - - 2011
A polymer-based aptasensor, which consisted of fluorescein amidite (FAM)-modified aptamers and coordination polymer nanobelts (CPNBs), was developed utilizing the fluorescence quenching effect to detect sulfadimethoxine residue in food products. A single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) aptamer, which was a specific bio-probe for sulfadimethoxine (Su13; 5'-GAGGGCAACGAGTGTTTATAGA-3'), was discovered by a magnetic bead-based systematic ...
Colnago L A - - 2011
Time-domain nuclear magnetic resonance (TD-NMR) is one of the most popular solutions for quality control in the food industry. Despite the recognized success of TD-NMR in quality control and quality assurance, the speed by which samples can be characterized by TD-NMR techniques is still a concern, primarily when considering online ...
Wu Ximei - - 2011
A sorbent based on the aptamer for ochratoxin A was immobilized onto magnetic nanospheres (MNS) and used to develop a magnetic solid-phase extraction procedure to clean up food samples in conjunction with high-performance liquid chromatography separation and fluorescence detection. Specific retention of ochratoxin A by the sorbent was demonstrated, and ...
Lamont Elise A - - 2011
The use of microorganisms or toxins as weapons of death and fear is not a novel concept; however, the modes by which these agents of bioterrorism are deployed are increasingly clever and insidious. One mechanism by which biothreats are readily disseminated is through a nation's food supply. Ricin, a toxin ...
Mateos-Gonzalez Fernando - - 2011
Yellow, red or orange carotenoid-based colorations in male birds are often a signal to prospecting females about body condition, health status and ability to find food. However, this general 'ability to find food' has never been defined. Here we show that more brightly ornamented individuals may also be more efficient ...
de Droog Simone M - - 2011
The aim of this experiment was to investigate whether brand characters can enhance children's liking of and purchase request intent for fruit compared to candy. The authors assigned 216 preschool students between the ages of 4 and 6 years to 9 experimental conditions in which they were presented with a ...
Long JoAnn D - - 2010
Diets high in fruit and vegetable consumption are associated with a decrease in chronic diseases. Dietary factors are linked to 4 of the 10 leading noncommunicable causes of death: cardiovascular disease, some cancers, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. Accurately measuring dietary patterns has many challenges. Dietary intake measurement has traditionally ...
Fitt E E Population Nutrition Research, MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, UK. - - 2010
To disaggregate composite food codes used in the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) into their individual food components in order to provide a more complete estimate of intake at the individual food level. A total of 3216 composite food codes from the NDNS food composition databank were subject ...
Pearson Natalie - - 2011
Understanding the predictors of developmental changes in adolescent eating behaviours is important for the design of nutrition interventions. The present study examined associations between individual, social and physical environmental factors and changes in adolescent eating behaviours over 2 years. Consumption of fruits, vegetables and energy-dense snacks was assessed using a ...
Mainvil Louise A - - 2011
Four brief food frequency questionnaires were developed and validated to measure an adult's usual daily intake of fruit or vegetable servings over the past month. Fifty males and 50 females, aged 25-52 years, completed two fruit instruments, two vegetable instruments, and a dietary history (the reference method). Individual agreement and ...
Sánchez-Campillo María M Physiology Department, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, Campus de Espinardo, 30100 Murcia, - - 2010
We developed a new method to evaluate the antioxidant effect of food products in a biological system. The antioxidant status of HepG2 cells was quantified after incubation with postprandial human chylomicrons after the intake of vegetable products. Three subjects consumed in a meal a vegetable soup containing 8.4 mg of ...
Wind Marianne - - 2010
To explore direct associations between home and school availability of fruit and fruit intake, and the mediating role of attitude towards fruit, liking, perceived barriers and self-efficacy. Cross-sectional study. Primary schools in nine European countries. Within the Pro Children study, data were collected on perceived home and school availability of ...
Burton-Freeman Britt - - 2010
There is increasing evidence that the postprandial state is an important contributing factor to chronic disease. The role of fruit phenolic compounds to protect health and lower disease risk through their actions in mitigating fed-state metabolic and oxidative stressors is of interest and the topic of the present paper. Two ...
Hurley Kristen M - - 2010
Dietary variety and exposure to fruits and vegetables in infancy have been associated with nutritional benefits and later acceptance of these foods. The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of fruit and vegetable commercial baby food consumption and its relation to dietary variety during infancy. A cross-sectional ...
Ho Sai-Yin - - 2010
To examine the effects of perceived availability of fast-food shops, restaurants, and convenience stores on adolescent dietary intakes. Survey data from 34 369 students in 42 Hong Kong secondary schools were collected in 2006-7. Respondents reported the availability of fast-food shops, restaurants and convenience stores in the neighbourhood, and their ...
Kang Myung-Hwa - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the daily vegetable and fruit intake status of Korean adults and to examine the relationship of vegetable and fruit intake with bone metabolism. The vegetable and fruit intake of 542 healthy male and female adults was analyzed. Then, by selecting 51 targets ...
Heiss Christian - - 2010
Diet is a major lifestyle factor in the primary and secondary prevention of numerous chronic diseases, including myocardial infarction, stroke, and diabetes. Epidemiological studies suggest that the beneficial cardiovascular health effects of diets rich in fruits and vegetables are in part mediated by their flavonoid content, with particular benefits provided ...
Vereecken Carine - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of parent and child characteristics in explaining children's fruit and vegetable intakes. In 2008, parents of preschoolers (mean age 3.5 years) from 56 schools in Belgium-Flanders completed questionnaires including a parent and child fruit and vegetable food frequency questionnaire, general ...
Galvão Andréia S - - 2011
Aceria guerreronis Keifer (Acari: Eriophyidae) is a major pest of coconut fruits (Cocos nucifera L.) in many countries of the Americas, Africa, and parts of Asia. Considerable attention has been given to studies of biological control agents of A. guerreronis. Proctolaelaps bulbosus Moraes, Reis and Gondim Jr. is a predator ...
Daniel Mark - - 2010
Most studies that link neighbourhoods to disease outcomes have represented neighbourhoods as area-level socioeconomic status. Where objective contextual attributes of urban environments have been measured, few studies of food availability have evaluated mortality as an outcome. We sought to estimate associations between the availability of fast-food restaurants (FFR), fruit and ...
Bensadón Sara - - 2010
Dietary fiber and bioactive compounds are widely used as functional ingredients in processed foods. The market in this field is competitive and the development of new types of quality ingredients for the food industry is on the rise. Opuntia ficus-indica (cactus pear) produces edible tender stems (cladodes) and fruits with ...
Thornton L E - - 2010
Background/Objectives:Living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods is associated with increased risk of a poor diet; however, the mechanisms underlying associations are not well understood. This study investigated whether selected healthy and unhealthy dietary behaviours are patterned by neighbourhood-socioeconomic disadvantage, and if so, whether features of the neighbourhood-nutrition environment explain these associations.Subjects/Methods:A ...
Ruiz E - - 2010
The aim of this paper is to offer a method based on headspace gas chromatography-mass (HS-GC-MS) spectrometry technique in-house validated and use to estimate furan concentrations in jarred baby-food samples purchased from the Spanish market. The validation was performed according to ISO 17025 and European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) requirements ...
Horodynski Mildred A - - 2010
To examine whether and how toddlers' vegetable and fruit consumption is associated with maternal vegetable and fruit consumption, mothers' perceptions of toddlers as "picky eaters," maternal efficacy, and sociodemographic characteristics of the family. A cross-sectional survey. One hundred and ninety-nine African American and 200 Non-Hispanic White low-income, mother-toddler dyads enrolled ...
Tan Hsueh-Li HL The Ohio State University Nutrition Graduate Program, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, - - 2010
Evidence derived from a vast array of laboratory studies and epidemiological investigations have implicated diets rich in fruits and vegetables with a reduced risk of certain cancers. However, these approaches cannot demonstrate causal relationships and there is a paucity of randomized, controlled trials due to the difficulties involved with executing ...
Kim Yeong-Su - - 2010
Retinal, a precursor of vitamin A, has been used in foods, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, and animal feed additives. Carotenoid 15,15'-oxygenases, including β-carotene 15,15'-oxygenases from mammalians, chickens, fruit flies, zebrafishes, the uncultured marine bacterium, and the fungus Fusarium fujikuroi, and apo-carotenoid 15,15'-oxygenases from cyanobacteria produce retinal from carotenoids. In this article, ...
Riggs Nathaniel R - - 2010
The current study investigated relations among neurocognitive skills important for behavioral regulation, and the intake of fruit, vegetables, and snack food in children. Participants completed surveys at a single time point. Assessments took place during school. Participants were 107 fourth-grade children from a large US city. Ninety-one percent were Latino, ...
de Moraes Augusto César Ferreira - - 2010
To investigate the nutrition-related habits (NRH) of Brazilian adolescents and evaluate the associations with risk factors. Cross-sectional school-based was carried out among high school adolescents aged 14-18 years (n = 1,759) from public and private schools from two cities. The NRH were investigated by the weekly consumption of vegetables, fruit, ...
Hoefkens Christine - - 2010
The health benefits of consuming organic compared to conventional foods are unclear. This study aimed at evaluating the nutrient and contaminant intake of adults through consumption of organic versus conventional vegetables, namely carrots, tomatoes, lettuce, spinach and potatoes. A probabilistic simulation approach was used for the intake assessment in two ...
Daly Alison M - - 2010
Risk factor surveillance is an integral part of public health, and can provide a ready-made sample for further research. This study assessed the utility of mixed-methodology research using telephone and postal surveys. Adult respondents to telephone surveys in South Australia and Western Australia were recruited to a postal survey about ...
Guzmán-Maldonado Salvador H - - 2010
Xoconostle cv. Cuaresmeño (Opuntia matudae) has attracted domestic and international industry attention; however, variations of composition from xoconostle structures have not been evaluated. Industries discard the pulp (endocarp) and peel (pericarp) as wastes and utilize the skin (mesocarp), which is the edible portion. The physicochemical, nutritional, and functional characterization of ...
Aparicio A - - 2010
To determine the nutritional status in a group of institutionalized elderly people in the Madrid region of Spain, with respect to their consumption of fruits and vegetables. The Madrid region, Spain. Men and women 65 years of age (n=180). A dietetic study undertaken using the precise weighing method (7 consecutive ...
Bovell-Benjamin Adelia - - 2010
This study describes the dietary consumption practices of a sample of African Americans in the rural South. A qualitative research design involving a cross-sectional food diary was utilized. Complete datasets were collected from 114 participants, 66% female, between the ages of 19 and 79 years. The consumption of a variety ...
Yeh Ming-Chin - - 2010
This paper presents the reliability and validity of a "competing food choice" construct designed to assess whether factors related to consumption of less-healthful food were perceived to be barriers to fruit and vegetable consumption in college freshmen. Cross-sectional, self-administered survey. An urban public college with a large, diverse student population. ...
Cullen Karen Weber - - 2010
This study examined the relationships between participant goal attainment and changes in mediating variables and food choice outcomes from a modified curriculum for the Texas Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) promoting healthy home food environments and parenting skills related to obesity prevention. EFNEP participants in 54 intervention classes ...
Al-Ahmary Khairia M - - 2010
The present study reports the use of high-performance liquid chromatography for the analysis of fruits (n = 12), vegetables (n = 14), corn products (n = 6) and egg products (n = 6) commonly found in Saudi Arabia. The highest content of lutein and β-carotene was found in spinach, and ...
Nkondjock A - - 2010
To assess the possible role of particular patterns of food consumption in the occurrence of hypertension. A cross-sectional study of 571 members of defence forces was carried out in eight military institutions in Yaounde, Cameroon. Blood pressure was measured with automatic sphygmomanometers simultaneously at both arms. Food consumption data were ...
Glasson Colleen - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether fruit and vegetables should be treated as separate groups in health promotion programmes by examining consumption levels, barriers, knowledge and the association between stage of change and potential predictors of fruit and vegetable intake. Computer-assisted telephone interview survey of the ...
Cahill Jodi M - - 2010
Healthful dietary practices and a return to prepregnancy weight are of significant importance in the prevention of obesity for women. The Eating Stimulus Index (ESI) was used to determine the relationship between motivations to eat and diet quality and food intake in 115 overweight/obese, low-income women in early postpartum. In ...
Nurk Eha - - 2010
Fruits and vegetables are among the most nutritious and healthy of foods, and are related to the prevention of many chronic diseases. The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between intake of different plant foods and cognitive performance in elderly individuals in a cross-sectional study. Two thousand ...
Ard Jamy D - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Fruit and vegetable cost may influence consumption. Because the contextual environment influences food outlet type and availability, we wanted to determine whether neighborhood demographics were associated with prices of fruits and vegetables. METHODS: We surveyed 44 grocery stores in the Birmingham, Alabama, metropolitan area to determine prices of 20 ...
Daly Trevor - - 2010
Herbs are a rich source of bioactive phytochemicals such as carotenoids, which are known to exert various positive biological effects. However, there is very limited information in the literature regarding the content and bioavailability of carotenoids from commonly consumed herbs. Therefore, the objectives of the present study were first, to ...
Randler Christoph - - 2011
Evidence for foot preferences has been reported in parrots and the majority of parrot species uses the left foot to hold and process food objects. Here we assessed the footedness of ring-necked parakeets (Psittacula krameri) in a wild-living non-native population in Heidelberg, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany. Observations were made when parrots fed ...
Chiumarelli Marcela - - 2010
Combination of citric acid dipping (5 g/L) and cassava starch coating (10 g/L), with and without glycerol (10 g/L), was studied to verify the effectiveness of these treatments to inhibit enzymatic browning, to reduce respiration rate, and to preserve quality parameters of "Tommy Atkins" fresh-cut mangoes during storage at 5 ...
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