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Results 351 - 400 of 863
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de Vet Emely - - 2007
We explored if the pre-action Transtheoretical stages of change are indeed discrete stages for fruit intakes. In a longitudinal design, a cohort of 735 adults completed electronic questionnaires assessing fruit intake, stages of change and intention to increase fruit intake at baseline and 35 and 67 days follow-up. A dichotomization ...
Anttonen Mikko J - - 2006
Black currants (Ribes nigrum L.) contain a diverse range of phenolics and possess a high antioxidant activity, which makes them an interesting target for the functional food industry. In this study, phenolic profiles of organically and conventionally grown black currant fruits, collected from commercial farms within a climatically similar area, ...
Brimblecombe Julie - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To consider the application of the store-turnover method as a guide to assess food intake in remote Aboriginal communities. METHOD: Food sources in a remote Aboriginal island community were documented. The contribution of quantifiable food sources to total community-level fresh fruit and vegetable availability was determined. RESULTS: The store ...
Ragab Amr S - - 2006
Resveratrol is a stilbene phytoalexin well-known for its presence in grape, wine, and peanut. As a result of its antioxidant and chemopreventative properties, it has gained much attention as a functional food ingredient. A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method for the detection of resveratrol, its 3-glucopyranoside piceid, and the cis isomers ...
Uglem Solveig - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate socio-environmental, personal and behavioural factors associated with vegetable consumption among young men in the military. Respondents included 578 male recruits (mean age 19.7) in the Norwegian National Guard (response rate 78%). Data were collected with a food diary (4-day record) and an ...
Brat Pierre - - 2006
The objective of this study was to create a French database on the polyphenol content of fruit and vegetables as uncooked fruits and vegetables and then to evaluate polyphenol intake through fruit and vegetable consumption in France. To achieve this, we used the Folin-Ciocalteu method adapted to fruit and vegetable ...
Caglar Esber - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The capability of drinks and foods to resist pH changes brought about by salivary buffering may play an important role in the dental erosion process in children. The aim of the present study was to test fruit yogurt, a popular snack for children, and the degrees of saturation (pK-pl) ...
Guenther Patricia M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the proportions of the population meeting recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake, we first estimated the usual intake distributions of total fruits and vegetables and then compared the results to the 5 A Day recommendation and to the recommendations for fruits and vegetables combined, found in the ...
Orech, F. O.
Traditional leafy vegetables are those plants whose leaves or aerial parts have been integrated in a community's culture for use as food over a long span of time. These vegetables are highly recommended due to their relatively high nutritional value compared to the introduced varieties, and are also important in ...
De Vet Emely - - 2008
In a longitudinal study, it is examined whether the transtheoretical processes of change do predict stage transitions in fruit intake. A random sample of an existing Internet research panel resulted in a cohort of 735 adults, who were examined three times with electronic questionnaires assessing stages of change, processes of ...
Rerksuppaphol Sanguansak - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies found the inverse correlation between fruit and vegetable intake and the risk of cardiovascular disease, various cancers, insulin resistance, and other chronic conditions. Skin carotenoid levels are highly correlated with serum levels; however, the direct measurement of skin carotenoids is difficult to perform. Raman spectroscopy has been ...
Collins Julie K - - 2006
Watermelons are a good source of lycopene, a carotenoid that exhibits antioxidant activity and may protect against some cancers. However, intake of watermelon may be restricted for individuals who have diabetes or those who limit carbohydrate intake. A low-sugar watermelon was developed at Lane, Oklahoma using traditional plant breeding techniques. ...
Ashrafi Keyhan - - 2006
Contamination by fasciolids takes place through ingestion of metacercariae attached to vegetables. Experimental studies were performed with plant-made foods suggesting a role in human contamination in Iran and on the usefulness of potassium permanganate as a preventive tool for killing metacercariae attached to vegetables used in salads in Egypt. In ...
Salas-Salvadó Jordi - - 2006
Al-Andalus society (711-1492) based its idea of health on the wisdom of Classical Greece, the Hippocratic-Galenic theories, as well as the Persian and Hindu cultures. The twelfth century in al-Andalus is considered to be the most prolific period for works of a scientific and technical nature. At the time, the ...
Ball Kylie K Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia. - - 2006
This study employed a multilevel design to test the contribution of individual, social and environmental factors to mediating socio-economic status (SES) inequalities in fruit and vegetable consumption among women. A cross-sectional survey was linked with objective environmental data. A community sample involving 45 neighbourhoods. In total, 1347 women from 45 ...
Goñi Isabel - - 2006
Epidemiological studies have consistently demonstrated that there is an association between carotenoid-rich food intakes with a low incidence in chronic diseases. Nevertheless, there is not an association between the intake of total dietary carotenoids and chronic health incidence in the European population, probably because of different carotenoid food sources and ...
Halvorsen Bente L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Supplements containing ascorbic acid, alpha-tocopherol, or beta-carotene do not protect against oxidative stress-related diseases in most randomized intervention trials. We suggest that other redox-active phytochemicals may be more effective and that a combination of different redox-active compounds (ie, antioxidants or reductants) may be needed for proper protection against oxidative ...
Marques-Vidal P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess trends of food intake in Portugal. DESIGN: Analysis of three cross-sectional studies: 1987, 1995-1996 and 1998-1999. SETTING: Representative samples of free-living individuals. SUBJECTS: 64 734 men and 71 282 women. INTERVENTIONS: Food intake was assessed by questionnaires inquiring the number of meals and which foodstuffs (fish, meat, ...
Celik Fatma - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate whether nutritional risk factors, especially black tea consumptions, are inversely associated with the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in male smokers. METHODS: Forty male smokers with clinical diagnosis of COPD (Group-I (GI)) and 36 healthy smokers without ...
Lucas R - - 2006
The enterococcal bacteriocin (enterocin) AS-48 is a broad-spectrum cyclic peptide. Enterocin AS-48 was tested against Bacillus coagulans in three vegetable canned foods: tomato paste (pH 4.64), syrup from canned peaches (pH 3.97), and juice from canned pineapple (pH 3.65). When vegetative cells of B. coagulans CECT (Spanish Type Culture Collection) ...
Naczk Marian - - 2006
Consumption of plant foods, particularly fruits, vegetables and cereal grains is encouraged because they render beneficial health effects. Phenolics and polyphenolics are among the most desirable food bioactives because of their antioxidant activity, brought about by a number of pathways, or due to other mechanisms. The analysis of phenolics and ...
Lotito Silvina B - - 2006
Increased fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with a decreased incidence of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and other chronic diseases. The beneficial health effects of fruits and vegetables have been attributed, in part, to antioxidant flavonoids present in these foods. Large, transient increases in the total antioxidant capacity of plasma have ...
Weetch E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A low phenylalanine diet for people with phenylketonuria (PKU) is very restrictive. Natural foods allowed are based chiefly on fruits and vegetables but there is limited analysis on the phenylalanine content of newer and exotic fruit and vegetables. The assumption that 1 g protein yields 50 mg phenylalanine does ...
Cade J E - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To develop a concise, simple tool for use by non-specialists to assess diet in children aged 3-7 years attending primary schools. DESIGN: A 24-hour food tick list covering all aspects of the diet and with a focus on fruit and vegetable consumption was developed. This was compared against a ...
Lu Yanhua - - 2006
Flavonoids-enriched tissues of citrus such as peel, immature fruit and flower are consumed as culinary seasonings, tea ingredients in China for centuries. This HPLC quantitative study on the five citrus flavonoids, naringin, hesperidin, neohesperidin, sinensetin and nobiletin on a wide range of Chinese citrus fruits and several Traditional Chinese Medicinal ...
Rodrigues S S P - - 2006
The methodological approach used for the development of a new food guide for the Portuguese population is discussed. The new food guide, composed of seven groups, was achieved with the assistance of an expert panel, using existing international recommendations and nutrient composition tables. A range of recommended food portions was ...
Cunningham Elena P - - 2006
In this article we describe the behavioral responses of a group of white-faced sakis' (Pithecia pithecia) to fruit and water scarcity. Six sakis were observed on Round Island in Guri Lake, Venezuela, between March and May 1996. These months are considered the dry season and the beginning of the wet ...
Algert Susan J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Access to fresh produce and other healthy foods differs between poor ethnic and wealthier non-ethnic neighborhoods. Given the need to improve access, emergency food organizations, such as food pantries, can provide assistance. Food pantry clients, many living in poor ethnic neighborhoods, are at highest risk for inadequate intake of ...
Tsuchiya Ami - - 2006
To compare the satiating power of semisolid and liquid yogurts with fruit beverages and dairy fruit drinks. Thirty-two volunteers (16 men and 16 women), ages 18 to 35 years, consumed a 200-kcal preload stimulus on four separate occasions. A tray lunch was presented 90 minutes after the preload and food ...
Lopez Gerardo - - 2006
A water deficit during stage III of fruit growth was established with the aim of determining if it is possible to achieve an improvement in tree water status by summer pruning and fruit thinning. The experiment was set up as a randomized block split-plot design across trials (irrigation) where pruning ...
Tournas V H - - 2006
Thirty-eight fruit salad samples including cantaloupe, citrus fruits, honeydew, pineapple, cut strawberries and mixed fruit salads, and 65 pasteurized fruit juice samples (apple, carrot, grapefruit, grape and orange juices, apple cider, and soy milk) were purchased from local supermarkets in the Washington, DC area and tested for fungal contamination. The ...
Kuriyama Shinichi - - 2006
We examined the association between dietary intakes and oxidative stress status in elderly Japanese. We analyzed cross-sectional data from a community-based Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment conducted in 2002. The subjects included 961 Japanese subjects aged 70 years or older who were non-daily antioxidant supplements users. We measured plasma total 8-iso-prostaglandin (PG)F(2alpha) ...
Schlumpberger B O - - 2006
Rhipsalis juengeri was described in 1995 as an unusual representative of epiphytic cacti, forming more than 3 m long curtains, hanging from the canopy of the Atlantic Rainforest in eastern Brazil. At the apex of thin, pendant shoots, green-brownish berries are formed. We report here as a novelty for the ...
Kristjansdottir A G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To validate a method for assessing fruit and vegetable intake among adults in a population of low intake. The method assesses mean intake and ranks individuals by their usual intake. DESIGN: A precoded fruit and vegetable Questionnaire included a 24-h recall and a food frequency. The participants filled in ...
Brug Johannes - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study predictors of fruit intake in a sample of 627 adults. DESIGN: Potential predictors of fruit intake were assessed at baseline, and fruit intake was assessed at two-week follow-up with self-administered questionnaires distributed by e-mail. SETTING: The study was conducted among Dutch adult members of an Internet research ...
Qin G Z - - 2006
AIMS: To evaluate beneficial effect of two food additives, ammonium molybdate (NH4-Mo) and sodium bicarbonate (NaBi), on antagonistic yeasts for control of brown rot caused by Monilinia fructicola in sweet cherry fruit under various storage conditions. The mechanisms of action by which food additives enhance the efficacy of antagonistic yeasts ...
Befort Christie C Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA. - - 2006
This study sought to explore home food availability and common settings of food consumption as correlates of fruit, vegetable, and fat intake among a sample of non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white adolescents. Adolescents (n=144 black, 84 white) and their parents completed a cross-sectional survey in an urban adolescent health clinic. ...
Ragusa-Netto J - - 2006
Unlike other toucan species, the Toco toucan (Ramphastos toco)--the largest Ramphastidae--usually inhabits dry semi-open areas. This conspicuous canopy frugivore uses a large home range that includes a variety of vegetation types, among which gallery forests are widely cited as important to this species. However, the factors relating to the occurrence ...
Magarey Anthea - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the fruit and vegetable intakes of Australian adults aged 19-64 years. METHODS: Intake data were collected as part of the National Nutrition Survey 1995 representing all Australian States and Territories, including city, metropolitan, rural and remote areas. Dietary intake of 8,891 19-to-64 year-olds was assessed using a ...
Almenar Eva - - 2006
Controlled atmosphere storage technology to extend the shelf life of "Reina de los Valles" wild strawberry fruit (Fragaria vesca L.) was studied. Fruits were stored at 3 degrees C for three weeks in different atmosphere compositions: 0.05% CO2/21% O2 (air), 3% CO2/18% O2, 6% CO2/15% O2, 10% CO2/11% O2, and ...
Romieu I - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A study was undertaken to investigate whether dietary intake predicted the prevalence of adult asthma among French women participating in the E3N study. METHODS: Of 68 535 women who completed a food frequency questionnaire in 1993 which included 238 food items, 2145 (3.1%) reported having asthma. The distribution of ...
Stefanikova Z - - 2006
In the time period 1992-2004 the food intake data (24 hour recall, frequency questionnaire) in 3 417 students of Medical Faculty Comenius University in Bratislava (1257 men and 2160 women, the mean age 22.38 +/- 1.34) were obtained. The aim of this study was to evaluate the food intake and ...
Thompson Lilian U - - 2006
Phytoestrogens may play a role in hormone-related diseases such as cancer, but epidemiological and clinical data are conflicting in part due to inadequate databases used in intake estimation. A database of nine phytoestrogens in foods relevant to Western diets was developed to more accurately estimate intakes. Foods (N = 121) ...
Bravi Francesca - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of a wide range of foods on the risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), we conducted a case-control study in Italy between 1991 and 2002. Although BPH is an extremely common condition, particularly among older men, its risk factors, including dietary ones, remain largely undefined. ...
de Nooijer Jascha - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined (1) whether respondents who were encouraged to make implementation intentions to eat more fruit increased their fruit intakes, as measured by three measures of fruit intake; (2) whether the effects of implementation intentions on fruit intake were dependent on positive goal intentions at baseline; and ...
Feugang Jean Magloire - - 2006
Natural products and health foods have recently received a lot of attention both by health professionals and the common population for improving overall well-being, as well as in the prevention of diseases including cancer. In this line, all types of fruits and vegetables have been re-evaluated and recognized as valuable ...
Iriti Marcello - - 2006
Health benefits associated with Mediterranean diets are due to the significantly large intake of functional plant foods and beverages, i.e., fruits, vegetables, cereals, legumes, nuts, wine, beer, and olive oil, containing a great array of bioactive phytochemicals or nutraceutical compounds. Therefore, the low risk of chronic diseases, such as coronary ...
Bouquet Alain - - 2006
Grapevine (Vitis) is considered to be one of the major fruit crops in the world based on hectares cultivated and economic value. Grapes are used not only for wine but also for fresh fruit, dried fruit, and juice production. Wine is by far the major product of grapes and the ...
Cooke Lucy - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous research has documented a negative association between maternal report of child food neophobia and reported frequency of consumption of fruit, vegetables, and meat. This study aimed to establish whether neophobia is associated with lower intake of these food types in naturalistic mealtime situations. METHODS: One hundred and nine ...
Lunet Nuno - - 2006
We quantified the effect of antioxidant vitamins in gastric cancer risk, taking into account Helicobacter pylori seropositivity and overall fruit and vegetable intake. Incident cases were identified in two large hospitals in Porto, Portugal, and controls were randomly sampled among city dwellers. Food intake was assessed with a previously validated ...
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