Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 862
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Neuhouser Marian L - - 2007
Environmental measures of food availability are surrogates of consumption. Such measures may be useful among populations for whom standard dietary assessment is difficult. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to test whether a measure of the household dietary environment would perform as well as or better than a standard ...
Khan Nguyen Cong - - 2007
BACKGROUND: More information is needed on the efficacy of carotenoids from plant foods in improving vitamin A status. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to quantify the efficacy of provitamin A-rich vegetables and fruit in improving vitamin A status. DESIGN: Breastfeeding women in 9 rural communes in Vietnam were randomly allocated to 1 ...
Fukuta E - - 2008
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To identify and address caregivers' perceived barriers to compliance with dietary guidelines for children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Information on family socioeconomic status, child's consumption frequency of nine food items, and caregiver's attitudes and behaviors regarding meal preparation were collected through structured interviews with caregivers (70 mothers, four grandmothers and one father) ...
Gómez-Romero María - - 2007
Diets in the countries of the Mediterranean basin are characterised by abundant plant foods (fruits, vegetables, breads, nuts, seeds, wine, and olive oil) and include fish and low-fat dairy products. Among the vegetables, tomatoes are a main component of the traditional Mediterranean diet, which has been associated with health protection ...
Liu Gilbert C - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study examines relationships between overweight in children and two environmentalfactors--amount of vegetation surrounding a child's place of residence and proximity of the child's residence to various types of food retail locations. We hypothesize that living in greener neighborhoods, farther from fast food restaurants, and closer to supermarkets would ...
Bermejo L M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the difference in the nutritional status of elderly people depending on their consumption of fruits and vegetables, and to study the possible association between the consumption of these foods and different cardiovascular risk factors, especially total plasma homocysteine (t-Hcys) levels. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS: A cross-sectional study ...
Lassen A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nutritional composition of worksite canteen lunches and to examine the impact of two meal serving systems on employee intake, i.e. buffet style with a fixed price for a varied number of dishes and à la carte style with a separate price for each item on the ...
Crawford David D Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia. - - 2007
To examine associations between shopping, food preparation, meal and eating behaviours and fruit and vegetable intake among women. Cross-sectional survey. Community-based sample from metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. A sample of 1136 women aged 18-65 years, randomly selected from the electoral roll. Food-related behaviours reflecting organisation and forward-planning, as well as enjoyment ...
Jago Russell - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between fruit and vegetable (F&V) availability and consumption, the possible influences on this association, research gaps, and implications for developing strategies to increase F&V consumption. DESIGN: Systematic review of studies that have examined associations between F&V availability and consumption. RESULTS: Qualitative studies conducted among children ...
Ashfield-Watt P A L PA EPIC University of Cambridge, Institute of Public Health and Strangeways Research Laboratories, Cambridge, UK. - - 2007
In 2001 the UK Department of Health funded pilot community-based interventions to improve fruit and vegetable intakes in five economically deprived areas of England. The effectiveness of the programme and the use of a brief tool for evaluating community interventions are reported here. Data on intakes of and beliefs about ...
Matsumoto Hikaru - - 2007
To quantify the 18 carotenoids on the basic routes of the carotenoid biosynthesis in plants simultaneously, a method for liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) using atmospheric pressure chemical ionization was developed. With this method, the seasonal changes of carotenoids in the flavedo and juice sacs of 39 citrus varieties were analyzed. ...
Haerens L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed at investigating the influence of food availability, rules and television viewing habits on eating behaviours in adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Four randomly selected middle schools. SUBJECTS: A sample of 534 seventh and eighth graders. INTERVENTIONS: Validated questionnaires were used to measure the family environment ...
Jayatissa, L.P.
Kahandamodara and Kalametiya are two estuarine lagoons located within about 12&nbsp;km distance along the Southern coast of Sri Lanka. According to a socio-economic survey, both lagoons have been moderately to high saline water bodies and the latter was an important center of prawn fishery until the late 1960s. Two irrigation ...
Rohrmann Sabine - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Nutrients with antioxidant properties or that influence cell growth and differentiation might reduce the risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the association of fruit, vegetable, and micronutrient intakes with BPH. DESIGN: The participants were members of the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study and were ...
Di Noia Jennifer - - 2007
The criterion validity of a prototype version of the Healthy Eating Self-monitoring Tool (HEST), a computer-mediated food record for assessing fruit and vegetable consumption among economically disadvantaged black adolescents, was examined. A qualitative design employing focus group methodology gathered data for informing the design of the HEST (n=32) and the ...
Wrieden Wendy L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of undertaking a food skills intervention study in areas of social deprivation aimed at altering cooking confidence, food preparation methods and dietary choices. DESIGN: A standardised skills programme was implemented in community-based settings. Pre- (T1) and post-intervention (T2) and 6-month follow-up (T3) measures (7-day diaries ...
Rohde Jürgen - - 2007
Vinzenz Priessnitz (1799-1851) did not only carry out water treatments within the scope of his cure, but also movement therapy, aerial and solar baths, natural lifestyle and, above all, diet therapy. According to the literature Priessnitz only seldom allowed starvation within his cure because this would break his preferred principle ...
Koponen Jani M - - 2007
Numerous in vitro and in vivo studies have suggested that dietary anthocyanins and ellagitannins or ellagic acid might have beneficial health effects. Epidemiological evidence on the disease-preventing potential of these polyphenols is lacking, due to the absence of reliable data on their contents in foods. In this study was analyzed ...
Itoh Noriko - - 2007
The aim of this study was to test for a correlation between party size and food (fruit) availability among the M group chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in the Mahale Mountains, Tanzania. Chimpanzee unit groups (or communities) show fission-fusion grouping patterns and form temporal parties. Fruit availability is assumed to be one ...
Beaudoin Christopher E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Soaring obesity levels present a severe health risk in the United States, especially in low-income minority populations. INTERVENTION: High-frequency paid television and radio advertising, as well as bus and streetcar signage. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A mass media campaign in New Orleans to promote walking and fruit and vegetable consumption in a ...
Hartnett Carol - - 2007
PURPOSE: The impact of consuming processed versus fresh fruits and vegetables on the galactose intake of galactosemic patients was compared. METHODS: The galactose content of processed fruits was determined when the following processing methods were used: freezing, drying, blanching, microwaving, canning, and a combination of blanching and freezing. Then three-day ...
Mushi-Brunt Christina - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Examine the role of food spending behaviors and perceptions on fruit and vegetable intake among preadolescent children and their parents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Metropolitan city. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred fifty-five parent/child dyads participating in the PARADE study. More than 50% of participants were African American and nearly 40% of ...
Klepp Knut-Inge - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fruit and vegetable intake is low among European children and exposure to TV is negatively associated with the intake of fruit and vegetables. The aim of the present study was to explore exposure to food commercials on TV in nine European countries. Associations between such exposure and intake of ...
Jago Russell - - 2007
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The physical environments in which adolescents reside and their access to food stores may influence their consumption of fruit and vegetables. This association could either be direct or mediated via psychosocial variables or home availability of fruit and vegetables. A greater understanding of these associations would aide the ...
Vorstermans B - - 2007
In fruit growing preharvest sprayings in the orchard are mainly applied to protect fruit from decaying. Next to multisite fungicides (captan, thiram, tolylfluanid) the most commonly used products recognized for the Belgium market are Bellis (pyraclostrobin & boscalid) and the combination of Topsin M (thiophanate-methyl) and Frugico (diethofencarb). In general ...
Lengyel C O - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Healthy eating perceptions and food group consumption practices of elderly men are largely unexplored. Understanding eating practices of elderly men and how this relates to their quality of life is important for the implementation of practical health promotion strategies. OBJECTIVE: Examine the frequency of food items consumed (daily, most ...
Rush Elaine - - 2007
When an infant is brought home to the family, it is often a time of emotional, economic and physical stress due to the extra demands placed on parents. Household food security means "access at all times to enough and nutritionally appropriate food to provide the energy and nutrients needed to ...
Do Min Hee - - 2007
We conducted a case-control study to examine the relationship between fruit, vegetable, and soy food intake and breast cancer risk in Korean women. Incident cases (n=359) were identified through cancer biopsies between March 1999 and August 2003 at two university hospitals in Seoul, Korea. Hospital-based controls (n=708) were selected from ...
Bosetti Cristina - - 2007
Intake of flavonoids has been inversely related to the risk of various common neoplasms, but limited data exist on renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We used data from a case-control study conducted between 1994 and 2002 in four Italian areas to study the relation between major flavonoid classes and RCC. The ...
Powell Lisa M - - 2007
We examine the extent to which food prices and restaurant outlet density are associated with adolescent fruit and vegetable consumption, body mass index (BMI), and the probability of overweight. We use repeated cross-sections of individual-level data on adolescents from the Monitoring the Future Surveys from 1997 to 2003 combined with ...
Chung Sang-Jin - - 2007
The study objectives were to increase both the stage of readiness to eat fruit and vegetables as well as the intakes of women who participated in the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) for families with limited incomes. The intervention was to enhance the currently used curriculum, Eating Right ...
Ghirardini Maria Pia - - 2007
A comparative food ethnobotanical study was carried out in twenty-one local communities in Italy, fourteen of which were located in Northern Italy, one in Central Italy, one in Sardinia, and four in Southern Italy. 549 informants were asked to name and describe food uses of wild botanicals they currently gather ...
Woodall W Gill - - 2007
At-risk populations can be reached with Web-based disease prevention and behavior change programs. However, such eHealth applications on the Internet need to generate return usage to be effective. Limited evidence is available on how continued usage can be encouraged. This analysis tested whether routine email notification about a nutrition education ...
Batty G David GD Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, United Kingdom G12 8RZ. - - 2007
The purpose of this work was to examine the relation of scores on tests of mental ability in childhood with food consumption and physical activity in adulthood. Based on a cohort of >17,000 individuals born in Great Britain in 1970, 8282 had complete data for mental ability scores at 10 ...
Harnly James M - - 2006
Analytical data are reported for 20 flavonoids (as aglycones) determined for more than 60 fresh fruits, vegetables, and nuts collected from four regions across the United States at two times of the year. Sample collection was designed and implemented by the Nutrient Data Laboratory (USDA). Analyses of eight flavan-3-ols (catechin, ...
Prättälä Ritva - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Women's diets are healthier than men's. Finnish women eat more fruits and vegetables but less meat than men. Gender differences may be larger in the Baltic countries, which represent Eastern European transition societies than in Finland, a society characterized by the Scandinavian welfare ideology and a high degree of ...
Netzel Michael - - 2006
Selected native Australian fruits, muntries (Kunzea pomifera F. Muell., Myrtaceae), Tasmanian pepper berry (Tasmanian lanceolata R. Br., Winteraceae), Illawarra plum (Podocarpus elatus R. Br. ex Endl., Podocarpaceae), Burdekin plum (Pleiogynium timorense DC. Leenh, Anacardiaceae), Cedar Bay cherry (Eugenia carissoides F. Muell., Myrtaceae), Davidson's plum (Davidsonia pruriens F. Muell. var. pruriens, ...
Suzuki Chise - - 2006
Crucifer species, which include widely consumed vegetables, contain glucosinolates as secondary metabolites. Cruciferous vegetables are consumed in Japan in salt-preserved or pickled form as well as cooked and raw fresh vegetables. In this study, changes in contents of glucosinolates during the pickling process were investigated. 4-Methylthio-3-butenyl glucosinolate, a major glucosinolate ...
Rocha Oscar J - - 2006
The existence of mast fruiting has not been well documented in the Neotropics. The occurrence of a mast fruiting episode in the population of the tree Peltogyne purpurea in the Osa Peninsula of Costa Rica is described. In February and March of 2000 most of the trees of this species ...
Staruchová Marta - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: In humans, epidemiological evidence suggests that increased consumption of fruits and vegetables can substantially enhance the protection against many common types of cancer. METHODS & RESULTS: A molecular epidemiological study in 3 Slovak factories producing asbestos, glass fibres and rockwool was conducted. Altogether 388 subjects (239 exposed, 148 controls) ...
Il'Ichev A L - - 2006
Areawide mating disruption treatments have been effective in controlling infestation of oriental fruit moth, Grapholita molesta (Busck) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), in Australian pome and stone fruit orchards. Although successful, the areawide mating disruption program has been an expensive approach by using hand-applied Isomate dispensers. Sprayable microencapsulated (MEC) pheromone formulations that can ...
Ard Jamy D - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Fruit and vegetable cost is a presumed barrier to intake. We sought to determine whether fruit and vegetable cost and consumers' race and income would predict availability of fruits and vegetables in homes of schoolchildren in the Birmingham, Ala, area. METHODS: Data on availability of 27 fruit and vegetable ...
Stram Daniel O - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between the intake of fruits, vegetables, and related vitamins and antioxidants, and the risk of prostate cancer in male participants in a large multiethnic cohort study. METHODS: Food and nutrient intakes in 1993-1996 were calculated from a detailed food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) designed to account ...
Kay Colin D - - 2006
The foods and nutrients discussed in this paper are components of dietary patterns that have been associated with lower cardiovascular disease risk. The focus of this review is on the effects of antioxidant foods on vascular health and discussion of their potential mechanisms of action. The foods reviewed include fruits ...
Pellegrini Nicoletta - - 2006
With the aim to expand the Italian total antioxidant capacity (TAC) database, the TAC values of 11 spices, 5 dried fruits, 7 sweets, 18 cereal products, 5 pulses, and 6 nuts were determined using three different assays and considering the contribution of bound antioxidant compounds in fiber-rich foods (i. e. ...
Ragusa-Netto J - - 2006
Neotropical parrots usually forage in forest canopies for nectar, flowers, leaves, fruit pulp, and seeds. As they have no all-purpose territories, these birds usually exploit vegetation mosaics in order to use plentiful resources as they become available. In this study we examine the use of a gallery forest in the ...
Hoerr Sharon L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To predict the mean adequacy ratio (MAR) scores of mothers and toddlers from intakes of fruits, vegetables, and dairy group foods and being seated during mealtimes. DESIGN/SUBJECTS: This was a regression analysis of cross-sectional data of the diet quality and being seated during mealtimes of 100 rural mother-toddler dyads ...
Trappe James M - - 2006
Fruit bodies of hypogeous fungi are an important food source for many small mammals and are consumed by larger mammals as well. A controversial hypothesis that prescribed burning increases fruiting of certain hypogeous fungi based on observations in Tasmania was tested in the Australian Capital Territory to determine if it ...
Halliwell Barry - - 2007
Flavonoids and other polyphenolic compounds have powerful antioxidant effects in vitro in many test systems, but can act as pro-oxidants in some others. Whether pro-oxidant, antioxidant, or any of the many other biological effects potentially exerted by flavonoids account for or contribute to the health benefits of diets rich in ...
de Vet Emely - - 2007
We explored if the pre-action Transtheoretical stages of change are indeed discrete stages for fruit intakes. In a longitudinal design, a cohort of 735 adults completed electronic questionnaires assessing fruit intake, stages of change and intention to increase fruit intake at baseline and 35 and 67 days follow-up. A dichotomization ...
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