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Zenk Shannon N SN Department of Public Health, Mental Health, and Administrative Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2009
To examine relationships between the neighborhood food environment and fruit and vegetable intake in a multiethnic urban population. Analysis of cross-sectional survey and observational data. One hundred forty-six neighborhoods within three large geographic communities of Detroit, Michigan. Probability sample of 919 African-American, Latino, and white adults. The dependent variable was ...
Murakami Kentaro - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Information on the association between the local food environment and the diet of individuals is limited, particularly in settings with high population density and, hence, high food-store density, such as Japan. This cross-sectional study examined the association between neighborhood food-store availability and individual food intake in a group of ...
Krølner Rikke - - 2009
It is often found that adolescents eat too little fruit and vegetables. We examined the importance of school for 11-year-olds' daily intake measured by food frequency- and 24-h recall questionnaires in Danish data from the European 2003 Pro Children Survey. Multilevel logistic regression analyses included matched student-parent-school questionnaire data (N=1410) ...
Cummins Steven S Healthy Environments Research Programme, Department of Geography, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK. - - 2009
Neighbourhood differences in access to fresh fruit and vegetables may explain social inequalities in diet. Investigations have focused on variations in cost and availability as barriers to the purchase and consumption of fresh produce; investigations of quality have been neglected. Here we investigate whether produce quality systematically varies by food ...
Weber Wilfried - - 2009
The release of volatile ethylene and acetaldehyde characterizes the metabolic state and quality of fruit. We have designed and implemented a hybrid dual-channel catalytic-biological sensor system, which is able to quantify both volatiles in situ. This sensor system consists of a mammalian cell line engineered for constitutive expression of an ...
Ohtsubo Yohsuke - - 2009
Billing and Sherman proposed the antimicrobial hypothesis to explain the worldwide spice use pattern. The present study explored whether two antimicrobial ingredients (i.e. spices and vinegar) are used in ways consistent with the antimicrobial hypothesis. Four specific predictions were tested: meat-based recipes would call for more spices/vinegar than vegetable-based recipes; ...
Hill C - - 2009
It is often assumed that heightened liking for energy-dense foods contributes to the development of obesity, however previous findings on the association between adiposity and liking among common foods are inconclusive in adults and there is limited research in children. Therefore the present study assessed the association between adiposity and ...
Montenegro-Bethancourt Gabriela - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if fruit and vegetable consumption among high- and low-socioeconomic status (HSES-LSES) urban schoolchildren in Quetzaltenango, Guatemala, was adequate according to World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 449 third- and fourth-grade girls and boys from 12 elementary schools were collected, analyzed, and presented by socioeconomic ...
Porter Leila M - - 2009
Fallback foods have been defined as resources for which a species has evolved specific masticatory and digestive adaptations, and are consumed principally when preferred foods are scarce. In the present field investigation, we examine fungi, fruit, and exudate consumption in one group of Callimico goeldii in order to determine the ...
Muir Jane G - - 2009
Fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) are short-chain carbohydrates that can be poorly absorbed by the small intestine and may have a wide range of effects on gastrointestinal processes. FODMAPs include lactose, fructose in excess of glucose, fructans and fructooligosaccharides (FOS, nystose, kestose), galactooligosaccharides (GOS, raffinose, stachyose), and ...
Powell Lisa M - - 2009
This study examines the importance of food prices and restaurant and food store outlet availability for child body mass index (BMI). We use the 1998, 2000 and 2002 waves of the child-mother merged files from the 1979 cohort of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth combined with fruit and vegetable ...
Park Sung Kyun - - 2009
Higher intakes of fruit, vegetables, and dark fish may prevent sudden cardiac death and arrhythmias, but the exact mechanisms are not fully understood. We examined whether high consumption of fruit, vegetables, and dark fish would be associated with beneficial changes in heart rate variability (HRV). HRV variables were measured among ...
Braun, M; ;
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the dietary supplement use and demographic characteristics of customers visiting health food stores in the Cape Town city bowl, and to determine their awareness and knowledge of the recommended fruit and vegetable intake servings and their fruit and vegetable consumption. Design ...
Saracino Misty R MR Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, 98109, - - 2009
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A1 glucuronidates bilirubin, estrogens, and xenobiotic compounds. The UGT1A1*28 polymorphism results in lower promoter activity due to 7 thymine-adenine (TA) repeats rather than the more common 6 TA repeats. Previously, we showed that serum bilirubin, a marker of UGT1A1 activity, was lower among individuals homozygous for the UGT1A1*28 ...
Ramadas Amutha - - 2009
It is well established that almost all colorectal cancers arise from benign, neoplastic adenomatous polyps. In previous studies, intake of fruits, vegetables and legumes were found to decrease the risk for colorectal adenomas (CRA) and colorectal cancer. This case-control study aimed to evaluate the roles of a variety of foods ...
Tribst Alline Artigiani Lima - - 2009
In this review paper, several aspects of fruit juice microbiology, from past to future perspectives, are considered. An overview of the most relevant outbreaks involving foodborne pathogens and spoilage microorganisms associated with fruit juices is provided. One of the sections provides data on the sources of fruit juice contamination, followed ...
Pellegrini Nicoletta - - 2009
As well as tables of food composition, total antioxidant capacity (TAC) databases--developed in past years for investigating health effects of antioxidant-rich foods in epidemiological and nutritional studies--have been created on the basis of analytical data from raw plant material. However, most vegetables are commonly cooked before consumption. With the aim ...
Abudayya Abdallah H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is little information about meal patterns and food consumption of adolescents in Palestine. The objective of this study was to describe the association between sociodemographic factors and food intake, and meal patterns among Palestinian school adolescents (12-15 year) in North Gaza Strip. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted ...
Grassi Davide - - 2009
A large body of evidence supports that the dietary intake of polyphenols - particularly of flavonoids and the specific class of flavonoids named flavanols - might be able to exert some beneficial vascular effects and reduce the risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The review of epidemiological and mechanistic studies ...
Jaakola Laura - - 2009
Bilberry or European blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) belongs to the most significant family of wild berries in Northern Europe and is recognized for its bioactive properties. Its fruits and leaves are rich with phenolic compounds, in particular flavonoids. Their health benefits have received notable attention in recent years. Bilberry is ...
Kalergis Maria - - 2009
The interest in, intent to, and impact of consuming foods fortified with vitamins and minerals, particularly foods of poor nutritional quality, were evaluated among Canadians. A Canada-wide, online survey of 1200 adults and teens was used to assess the interest in, intent to, and impact of consuming or serving foods ...
Colapinto Cynthia K - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine consumer understanding and retention of nutrition information presented at grocery stores during the Paint Your Plate campaign via two approaches: interactive display events and brochure distribution. METHODS: Data were collected at 17 grocery stores in northern Ontario. Eleven stores held interactive display events ...
Mikolajczyk Rafael T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Certain foods might be more frequently eaten under stress or when higher levels of depressive symptoms are experienced. We examined whether poor nutritional habits are associated with stress and depressive symptoms and whether the relationships differ by country and gender in a sample from three European countries collected as ...
Aberoumand Ali - - 2009
In this research, we present preliminary nutritional data for traditional vegetables and fruits including their content of mineral elements (calcium, potassium, sodium, zinc, and iron) and antioxidant phenolic compounds levels. Eight vegetables and vegetables were studied. Plant foods Asparagus officinalis DC, Chlorophytum comosum Linn., Cordia myxa Roxb., Portulaca oleracia Linn. ...
Okamoto K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There has been little interest in the role of nutrition in the prevention of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We investigated the relationship between dietary intake of vegetables, fruit, and antioxidants and the risk of ALS in Japan. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2004, we recruited 153 ALS patients aged 18-81 ...
Atakan Cemal - - 2009
Adequate intake of fruits and vegetables as part of the daily diet may help prevent major diseases. Low fruit intake is a major risk factor for cancer, coronary heart disease and stroke. The World Health Organization recommends eating at least five portions of a variety of fruit, which is nearly ...
Black Maureen M - - 2009
The Institute of Medicine recommended changes in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) food packages to help families from diverse populations establish more healthful dietary patterns. A cross-sectional study conducted during summer 2007 included interviews and focus groups with 223 WIC participants throughout Maryland. The ...
Harrington Kathleen Fleege - - 2009
Dietary interventions with children often use self-reported data to assess efficacy despite that objective methods rarely support self-report findings in validation studies. This study compared fourth graders' self-reported to observed lunch fruit and vegetable intake to determine if the accuracy of self-reported intake varied by treatment condition. Matched randomized follow-up ...
Kimmons Joel - - 2009
Fruit and vegetable intake is an important part of a healthy diet and is associated with numerous positive health outcomes. MyPyramid provides recommendations for fruit and vegetable consumption based on individual calorie requirements as determined by an individual's age, sex, and physical activity level. To determine (1) median fruit and ...
Pollard Christina - - 2009
We monitored changes in self-reported knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding fruit and vegetable consumption in Western Australia prior to and after a healthful-eating campaign. We obtained telephone survey data from 2854 adults in Perth from Nutrition Monitoring Surveys conducted in 1995, 1998, 2001, and 2004. The "Go for 2&5" fruit ...
Dumbrell Susan - - 2008
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Young men aged 18-44 years eat less fruit and vegetables than other population groups. Evidence shows that fruit and vegetables offer protection against certain cancers, particularly cancers of the digestive tract. METHODS: Seven age-stratified focus groups were undertaken with men aged 18-40 years. The participants discussed factors influencing ...
Robinson Tanya - - 2008
Despite the growing body of literature that provides evidence of the health benefits of a diet high in fruits and vegetables, most Americans eat much less than the recommended amounts of this food group. Among those who are least likely to meet the USDA guidelines for the recommended daily servings ...
Watzl Bernhard - - 2008
Inflammation is a pathological condition underlying a number of diseases including cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and chronic inflammatory diseases. In addition, healthy, obese subjects also express markers of inflammation in their blood. Diet provides a variety of nutrients as well as non-nutritive bioactive constituents which modulate immunomodulatory and inflammatory processes. Epidemiological ...
MAKISHIMA, Haruyuki
Food production of riverine forest in semi arid land, or patchy vegetation in northern Kenya is much needed for discussing the habitat of early hominids. This study aims to estimate the fruit production of Ficus sycomorus along the Baragoi River in Nachola and Baragoi, northern Kenya, possible source for the ...
Gautier Hélène - - 2009
The mechanisms involving light control of vitamin C content in fruits are not yet fully understood. The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of fruit and leaf shading on ascorbate (AsA) accumulation in tomato fruit and to determine how fruit sugar content (as an AsA precursor) affected AsA content. ...
Naska Androniki - - 2009
Worldwide dietary data for nutrition monitoring and surveillance are commonly derived from food balance sheets (FBS) and household budget surveys (HBS). We have compared food supply from FBS and food availability data from HBS among eighteen European countries and have estimated the extent to which they correlate, focusing on food ...
Sánchez A M - - 2008
Inflorescence effects have been poorly studied, in spite of the functional relevance of the inflorescence in fruit and seed ecology. The present study focused on the effects of inflorescence size and phenology, and flower position within the inflorescence, in relation to fruit and seed production of the Mediterranean shrub Ononis ...
Ball Kylie - - 2009
This study investigated whether the availability and accessibility of supermarkets and fruit and vegetable stores, and the availability, variety and price of foods within these stores, varied across areas of different levels of socioeconomic disadvantage in Melbourne, Australia. Data on food store locations, and food variety and price within stores ...
Bakowska-Barczak Anna M - - 2008
The polyphenol contents and antioxidant activities were assessed for 17 Saskatoon berry cultivars grown in Canada in fresh and stored fruits at -20 degrees C for 9 months. The Nelson cultivar was the richest in total polyphenol, anthocyanin, and procyanidin contents (801, 382, and 278 mg/100 g fresh weight, respectively). ...
Vågstrand Karin - - 2009
The aim of the study was to investigate how soft drink and fruit juice consumption in teenagers is associated with life-style, other food choices, eating behaviour and maternal characteristics. A cross-sectional study of 16-year-old girls (n 275) and boys (n 199) and their mothers was undertaken. Questionnaires were used to ...
Maier Andrea S - - 2008
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Previous studies showed that (1) breastfeeding and (2) higher food variety early in weaning can increase acceptance of new foods for the next few days. Here we measure, in two European regions, effects of breast or formula feeding and experience with different levels of vegetable variety early ...
Rodrigues Daniela - - 2008
The interactions of Holymenia clavigera (Herbst) and Anisoscelis foliacea marginella (Dallas) with their hosts (Passifloraceae) in southern Brazil are poorly understood. Previous studies have indicated that both species use several host species and plant parts and have superior performance on wild hosts. This study evaluated feeding preferences and host plant ...
Yee Wee L - - 2008
Relatively little is known about the nutritional ecology of fruit flies in the genus Rhagoletis. In this study, nutrient amounts in male and female western cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis indifferens Curran, and availability of nitrogen and sugar on surfaces of leaves, fruit, and extrafloral nectaries (EFNs) of sweet cherry trees, ...
Giskes K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Fruit and vegetables are protective of a number of chronic diseases; however, their intakes have been shown to vary by socioeconomic position (SEP). Household and food shopping environmental factors are thought to contribute to these differences. To determine whether household and food shopping environmental factors are associated with fruit ...
Hosler Akiko S - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Fruits and vegetables (F&Vs) are important parts of a healthy, balanced diet. Consumption of F&Vs is low among residents of socioeconomically disadvantaged communities. We investigated and compared retail F&V availability in urban and rural underserved communities in New York State. METHODS: All food retail stores and farmers' markets (N ...
Bong Yeon-Sik - - 2008
We have analyzed the oxygen and hydrogen isotopic composition of juices from fruits and vegetables collected from a small orchard in order to investigate the differences in isotopic enrichment and evaporation intensity between fast-growing vegetables and slow-growing fruits grown under the same climatic conditions. The oxygen and hydrogen isotope levels ...
Veda Supriya - - 2008
Four common food acidulants--amchur, lime, tamarind, and kokum--and two antioxidant spices--turmeric and onion--were examined for their influence on the bioaccessibility of beta-carotene from two fleshy and two leafy vegetables. Amchur and lime generally enhanced the bioaccessibility of beta-carotene from these test vegetables in many instances. Such an improved bioaccessibility was ...
Haleem M A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Increasing intakes of dietary antioxidants may help to reduce oxidative damage caused by free radicals and provide protection against the progression of a number of chronic diseases. The present study aimed to estimate the antioxidant intake from fruits and vegetables in the UK and Scottish population and to examine ...
Ramos-Ordoñez María F - - 2008
While parthenocarpy (meaning the production of fruits without seeds) may limit fecundity in many plants, its function is not clear; it has been proposed, however, that it might be associated with a strategy to avoid seed predation. Bursera morelensis is a dioecious endemic plant that produces fruits with and without ...
Wirfält E - - 2009
To examine associations between food patterns, constructed with cluster analysis, and colorectal cancer incidence within the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study. A prospective cohort, aged 50-71 years at baseline in 1995-1996, followed until the end of 2000. Food patterns were constructed, separately in men (n=293,576) and women ...
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