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Results 551 - 600 of 862
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Fiore Anthony Di - - 2003
In a year-long study, I investigated the ranging behavior of lowland woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha poeppigii) in a terra firma rainforest in Yasuní National Park, Ecuador, and examined the relationship between ranging, diet, food availability, and food patch use for this population. In Yasuní the total home range sizes for ...
Iglesias Domingo J - - 2003
We generated source-sink imbalances by defoliation and sucrose supplementation by stem injection, to investigate effects of carbohydrate availability on fruitlet growth and abscission in cv. Okitsu of Satsuma mandarins (Citrus unshiu (Mak.) Marc.). Partial defoliation promoted fruitlet abscission, whereas sucrose supplementation increased citrus fruit set by more than 10%. Moreover, ...
Sakakibara Hiroyuki - - 2003
Polyphenols, which have beneficial effects on health and occur ubiquitously in plant foods, are extremely diverse. We developed a method for simultaneously determining all the polyphenols in foodstuffs, using HPLC and a photodiode array to construct a library comprising retention times, spectra of aglycons, and respective calibration curves for 100 ...
Sonti, Sirisha
Plasticized whey protein coatings have been shown to extend the shelf life of fresh produce. This thesis research was designed to determine consumer acceptance and perception of fresh-cut fruits and vegetables (FCFV) and edible coatings (EC) and to determine effects of plasticized whey protein coatings on quality of fresh-cut apples. ...
VELİOĞLU, SEDAT
(As part of a large-scale programme to investigate the health effects of exposure to borate minerals in Turkey, boron concentrations in vegetables, fruits and some other foods were determined. From all borate-producing regions of the country, 22 species of fruit, 17 species of vegetable, 12 species of cereal, legume and ...
Derrickson Joda P - - 2003
"Spend Less. Eat Well. Feel Better." (SLEWFB) is a 3-hour intervention designed to improve food resource management ability, health, and food security status. This program efficacy trial targeted clients seeking financial aid to prevent homelessness. A randomized controlled design using a 1-hour food safety intervention as a control group was ...
Prothon Frédéric - - 2003
The appearance and functional properties are primordial in the quality assessment of semifinished fruit and vegetable products. These properties are often associated with shrunken, shriveled, darkened materials of poor rehydration ability after been subjected to air-drying--the most used drying method in the food industry. Fruits and vegetables are cellular tissues ...
Barkess J L - - 2003
Background - A short food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) has been developed to assess intake of fruit, vegetables, and cereal foods, as well as saturated fat, in Australian adults. Objective - To assess the relative validity of SFFQ vegetable questions (a two and four item set of questions) in comparison to ...
Gambelunghe Cristiana - - 2003
The equilibrium of sexual hormones in both sexes is controlled in vertebrates by the enzyme aromatase, a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily, which catalyzes the conversion of androstenedione and testosterone into estrone and estradiol, respectively. Flavonoids are diphenolic compounds present in whole grains, legumes, fruits, and vegetables that are ...
Leterme Pascal - - 2002
The present paper aims to study why and how health organizations recommend the consumption of pulses such as beans, chickpeas or lentils. Although it is recognized that frequent pulse consumption may reduce serum cholesterol levels and helps reduce risks of coronary heart disease and diabetes, these advantages are scarcely mentioned ...
Pollard J - - 2002
The present review provides an investigation into the food choice decisions made by individuals in relation to fruit and vegetable consumption. A comprehensive body of evidence now exists concerning the protective effect of fruit and vegetables against a number of diseases, particularly cardiovascular disease and certain forms of cancer. Current ...
Shai Iris - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Insufficient data exist about the long-term health consequences of gastric restriction procedures used for treatment of obesity. The long-term nutritional changes that occur after vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) were evaluated. METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent VBG surgery in one surgical ward were invited for a follow-up study 3-10 ...
Wirfält E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe the average consumption of carbohydrate-providing food groups among study centres of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). METHODS: Of the 27 redefined EPIC study centres, 19 contributed subjects of both genders and eight centres female participants only (men, women, after exclusion of subjects under ...
Hanya Goro - - 2003
Altitudinal and seasonal variations in the diet of Japanese macaques in Yakushima, southwestern Japan, were studied for 2 years by means of fecal analysis. The altitudinal range of fecal samples collected was 30 m to 1,203 m above sea level, and it was divided into three zones: low-zone forest (0-399 ...
Roche Clare J - - 2002
Certain pathologic conditions have classic radiologic manifestations that resemble various types of food. These "food signs" are highly memorable and easily recognizable and include findings that resemble various fruits and vegetables; meat, fish, and egg dishes; pasta, rice, grains, and bread (carbohydrates); desserts, cakes, and candy; and dishes, cutlery, condiments, ...
Doran Diane M - - 2002
We describe the resource availability and diet of western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) from a new study site in the Central African Republic and Republic of Congo based on 3 years of study. The results, based on 715 fecal samples and 617 days of feeding trails, were similar to ...
Henneman M Lawrence - - 2002
Diachasmimorpha juglandis is a specialist parasitoid attacking fly larvae in the genus Rhagoletis that feed exclusively on walnut fruit husks. In a free-foraging assay comparing response to uninfested, infested, and mechanically damaged fruits, we first determined that D. juglandis use host feeding damage on the fruit as a cue for ...
Morland Kimberly - - 2002
We studied the association between the local food environment and residents' report of recommended dietary intake. Recommended intakes of foods and nutrients for 10 623 Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities participants were estimated from food frequency questionnaires. Supermarkets, grocery stores, and full-service and fast-food restaurants were geocoded to census tracts. Black ...
Imeh U - - 2002
Total and free phenolic contents of 16 commonly consumed fruits (comprising 9 apples, 4 pears, and one each of peach, plum, and kiwi fruit cultivars) were measured by Folin-Ciocalteu assay. Total phenol contents varied from 272 to 475 mg of CtE/100 g of fresh weight. Of the apple cultivars studied, ...
Verhoeyen M E - - 2002
Flavonoids are a diverse group of phenolic secondary metabolites that occur naturally in plants and therefore form an integral component of the human diet. Many of the compounds belonging to this group are potent antioxidants in vitro and epidemiological studies suggest a direct correlation between high flavonoid intake and decreased ...
Kelly Greg S - - 2002
It is logical that the requirement for antioxidant nutrients depends on a person's exposure to endogenous and exogenous reactive oxygen species. Since cigarette smoking results in an increased cumulative exposure to reactive oxygen species from both sources, it would seem cigarette smokers would have an increased requirement for antioxidant nutrients. ...
Schlegel-Zawadzka M - - 2002
Children are particularly vulnerable to zinc (Zn) deficiency during periods of rapid growth and development such as infancy and adolescence. The aim was to find the relationship between food frequency, intake, food habits and zinc status in 11-year-old healthy children from southern Poland. The study group comprised children (n = ...
Bernstein A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To increase fruit, vegetable, and calcium-rich food consumption in community-dwelling, functionally impaired elderly. DESIGN: Six-month, home-based nutrition intervention study. SUBJECTS: Seventy men and women older than age 69 years were randomized to either a nutrition education intervention (n = 38) or a control group that received an exercise intervention ...
Tyroller Stefan - - 2002
Myosmine has been regarded as a specific tobacco alkaloid until investigations pointed out that nuts and nut products constitute a significant source of myosmine. In the present study it is shown that the occurrence of myosmine is widespread throughout a large number of plant families. Using a method for extraction ...
Jonsson Inger M - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Immigrants in Sweden have on average poorer health than native Swedes, including the risk of nutritional problems. In Sweden's multicultural society there is a need for increased knowledge about eating habits in public health work within health and education. A survey of refugees from Bosnia-Herzegovina living in Sweden was ...
Deneo-Pellegrini H - - 2002
A case-control study on plant food intake and its role in the risk of colon and rectal cancers was carried out in Montevideo, Uruguay. Four hundred and eighty-four (484) cases of colorectal cancer and 1452 controls were frequency matched on age, sex, residence and urban/rural status. Among cases, 260 patients ...
Hamlet C G - - 2002
A critical review of the occurrence of 3-chloro-propane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) in foods not known to contain hydrolysed vegetable proteins is presented. The review covers the properties and chemistry of 3-MCPD and the current methods of analysis in foodstuffs. The results of UK surveys of 3-MCPD occurrence in both retail foods and ...
Negishi Osamu - - 2002
Effects of food materials were investigated on removal of several kinds of thiols, sulfides, and disulfides, which arise from vegetables of Allium species during food preparation and eating. Methanethiol, propanethiol, and 2-propenethiol were captured by raw foods such as fruits, vegetables, and mushrooms or a mixture of their acetone powders ...
Pollard Jennie - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Despite recommendations to increase fruit and vegetable consumption within the UK population, intakes are still too low. In order to stimulate dietary behaviour change the determinants of food choice need to be explored. OBJECTIVES: To investigate how the priorities of high consumers of fruit and vegetables differ from those ...
Felgines Catherine - - 2002
Anthocyanins are phenolic compounds widely distributed in fruits and vegetables. Several positive effects of anthocyanin feeding have been described. We evaluated the absorption and metabolism of anthocyanins (cyanidin 3-glucoside and malvidin 3-glucoside) in rats adapted for 8 d to a diet enriched with a lyophilized blackberry powder. Rats had free ...
Lampe Johanna W - - 2002
Beta-glucuronidase hydrolyzes glucuronide moieties from steroids and xenobiotics, such that circulating glucuronyl conjugates can interact with target tissues. In animal models, dietary constituents can alter beta-glucuronidase activity. In humans, serum beta-glucuronidase activity reflects liver enzyme loss during cell turnover, and thus is a surrogate for hepatic beta-glucuronidase. We recruited 83 ...
Rodriguez Julia - - 2002
Fruits are increasingly recognized as a cause of food allergy. The wide cross-reactivity among these foods has been extensively studied. In this review we will focus on studies addressing the clinical relevance of cross-reactivity among fruits, the diagnostic management of patients complaining of reactions to multiple fruits, and adequate dietary ...
Bratakos Michael S - - 2002
The total chromium content of a wide variety of Greek foods was determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GFAAS). Meat, fish and seafood, cereals and pulses were rich sources of chromium (>0.100 microg/g). Fruits, milk, oils and fats and sugar were poor sources. Differences in chromium content were found ...
Nada Ritambhra - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Biopsy tissue may get disoriented if filter paper is used as a supporting medium. Use of vegetable matrix (cucumber) as a supporting medium may obviate the need of lifting the tissue while making blocks and thus avoid disorientation that occurs during this step. OBJECTIVE: To compare the orientation of ...
Baer Wilson Diane - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The increase in teenage smoking, and the fact that concern about body weight is given as a reason for smoking initiation by girls, suggest that food intake may be compromised in female teens who smoke. Daily consumption of a variety of foods is important due to the health-protective constituents ...
Goldfield Gary S - - 2002
This study investigated the choice of snack foods versus fruits and vegetables and enjoyable sedentary behaviors using a computerized behavioral choice task. Thirty-nine participants were provided the choice of earning points for snack foods or fruits and vegetables (Condition 1) or snack foods or enjoyable sedentary behaviors (Condition 2). The ...
Ragusa-Netto J - - 2002
Figs are a remarkable food resource to frugivores, mainly in periods of general fruit scarcity. Ficus calyptroceras Miq. (Moraceae) is the only fig species in a type of dry forest in western Brazil. In this study I examined the fruiting pattern as well as fig consumption by birds in F. ...
Beuchat Larry R - - 2002
Outbreaks of human infections associated with consumption of raw fruits and vegetables have occurred with increased frequency during the past decade. Factors contributing to this increase may include changes in agronomic and processing practices, an increase in per capita consumption of raw or minimally processed fruits and vegetables, increased international ...
Kim Hyun Ja - - 2002
To assess gastric cancer (GC) risk in relation to dietary intake in Korea, a case-control study was performed. Trained dietitians interviewed 136 patients diagnosed with GC, and the same number of controls were selected by matching sex, age and hospital. A significant decrease in GC risk was observed with increased ...
Dijkgraaf, Astrid Cora
This thesis investigated the reproductive phenology, fruit features, dispersal and seed predation of native New Zealand fleshy-fruited species, concentrating mainly on fruits larger than 10-mm in diameter borne by trees. There are several species with large tree-borne fruit in New Zealand and they currently only have one seed disperser (kereru, ...
Zhang Bing - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relative risk factor of food items for colorectal cancer in four time periods through a case-control study in a Chinese rural area. METHODS: Colorectal cancer patients diagnosed at a county cancer center, Hebei Province, China, and non-cancer outpatients with similar age, sex, and place of residence ...
McKee L H - - 2002
Red raspberry fruit spreads sweetened with sugar (S) or raspberry, red grape, or apple juice concentrates were processed by inversion and analyzed for chemical, physical, and sensory properties at 1, 12, and 24 weeks. All pH values were between 3.0 and 3.5 while all aw were above 0.81. Samples were ...
Jiménez-Cruz Arturo - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The recommended diet for children would promote health, support growth, and prevent risk of disease. Diets high in fruits and vegetables demonstrate a strong and consistent pattern for decreasing the risk for many cancers and providing benefits against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, and stroke. The purpose of this study ...
García-Gómez Rolando - - 2002
Vegetables intake is widely recommended because of its high content of vitamins, minerals and fiber. However, the irrigation of these vegetables, using wastewaters that have received inadequate treatment often carries unseen microbial pollution that becomes a high risk potential for humans. In the present research, two of the most consumed ...
Szeto Yim Tong - - 2002
Epidemiological evidence links high intake of ascorbic acid (AA) and other antioxidant micronutrients to health promotion. It would be useful to know the overall, or 'total' antioxidant capacity of foods, to establish the contribution of AA to this, and to assess how this information may translate into dietary intakes to ...
Noakes Manny - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Plant-sterol-enriched spreads lower LDL cholesterol but may also lower lipid-standardized carotenoids. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess whether advice to consume specific daily amounts of foods high in carotenoids prevents a reduction in plasma carotenoid concentrations in subjects who consume plant sterol or stanol esters. DESIGN: Forty-six hypercholesterolemic free-living ...
Aherne S Aisling - - 2002
The flavonols belong to a large group of compounds called flavonoids, which are diverse in their chemical structure and characteristics. Fruits, vegetables, and beverages such as tea and red wine are major sources of flavonols in the human diet. The daily consumption of flavonols is difficult to estimate because values ...
Fisher Jennifer Orlet - - 2002
To evaluate parents' fruit and vegetable intake and their use of pressure to eat in child feeding as predictors of their 5-year-old daughters' fruit and vegetable, micronutrient, and fat intakes. Data were obtained from 191 non-Hispanic white families with 5-year-old girls. Parent data included reports of pressure in child feeding ...
Lee Amanda J - - 2002
This study is the first to describe disparity and change in the food supply between metropolitan, rural and remote stores by Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia (ARIA) category. A total of 92 stores (97% response rate) within five aggregate ARIA categories participated throughout Queensland in 2000. There was a strong association ...
Block G - - 2001
Substantial evidence suggests that fruit and vegetable intake reduces the risk of some cancers and other chronic diseases. While a varied diet containing fruits and vegetables may confer benefits greater than those of any single nutrient, it would be useful to have data on the plasma nutrients most influenced by ...
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