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Results 301 - 350 of 963
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Schmid D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Norovirus is increasingly being recognized as a leading cause of foodborne disease. Nevertheless, well documented foodborne outbreaks due to norovirus are rarely found in the literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted for identifying the source of a gastroenteritis outbreak. A total of 325 persons were ...
Hoffmann Sandra - - 2007
U.S. foodborne illness risk analysis would benefit greatly from better information on the relationship between the incidence of foodborne illness and exposure to foodborne pathogens. In this study, expert elicitation was used to attribute U.S. foodborne illnesses caused by the nine FoodNet pathogens, Toxoplasma gondii, and noroviruses to consumption of ...
Ranjbar R - - 2007
Aim of this study was to determine the causative agent and source of a large gastroenteritis outbreak occurred in a national financial center (CBIRI) in July 2003. A patient definition was defined staff were interviewed in the clinic of the Bank and their information were collected by means of a ...
Chumber Sushil K - - 2007
This study aimed to analyze the bacteriological profile of street foods sold in various parts of Pune city. A total of 75 randomly collected food samples were included in the study. Samples were processed for the presence of bacterial pathogens only. 88% of the food samples analyzed confirmed the presence ...
Luzzi I - - 2007
Salmonella enterica is a common cause of gastrointestinal illness in Italy. S. Typhimurium accounts for approximately 40% of isolates, and most of these strains belong to the phage type DT104. We describe the investigation of an outbreak of S. Typhimurium DT104A, a subtype never observed before in Italy, which occurred ...
Schimmer B - - 2007
In early September 2006, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health was alerted to an outbreak of Shigella sonnei infections (shigellosis) among 23 Norwegian passengers who had taken a bus tour from Kirkenes, Norway to Murmansk, Russia. The trip lasted from 27 to 31 August, and the group stayed in various ...
Nema Vijay - - 2007
Outbreaks of staphylococcal food poisoning (SFP) are very common across the world; however, there is hardly any report of SFP from the Indian subcontinent. An outbreak occurred in the state of Madhya Pradesh (India) after the consumption of a snack called "Bhalla" made up of potato balls fried in vegetable ...
- - 2007
During 2006, state health departments notified CDC of three outbreaks of Salmonella species infections in persons who had been in contact with chicks and other baby poultry (ducklings, goslings, and baby turkeys) purchased at agricultural feed stores. The feed stores received the poultry from hatcheries, and each of the three ...
Ethelberg S - - 2007
We report an outbreak with Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 resistant to six different antibiotic classes. The outbreak occurred in Denmark in July/August 2005 and was traced to a single restaurant. In addition to patient interviews, an important tool in the investigation of this outbreak was comparison by multi-locus variable number of ...
Calvert N - - 2007
An outbreak of food-borne Salmonella Enteritidis PT4 occurred in Cumbria, in north-west England, in the summer of 2006. Fifteen people, all with positive stool samples, met the case definition; three of these were admitted to hospital, including one patient who died. Preliminary investigations suggested a link to a meal served ...
Crutchley Tamara M - - 2007
The U.S. agricultural infrastructure is one of the most productive and efficient food-producing systems in the world. Many of the characteristics that contribute to its high productivity and efficiency also make this infrastructure extremely vulnerable to a terrorist attack by a biological weapon. Several experts have repeatedly stated that taking ...
Kivi M - - 2007
A ten-fold increase in Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 cases in The Netherlands during September-November 2005 prompted an outbreak investigation. A population-based matched case-control study included 56 cases and 100 controls. Risk factors for infection were consumption of a pre-processed raw beef product (odds ratio 4.2, 95% confidence interval 1.5-12.0) and of ...
Mattison K - - 2007
Although there is a large body of evidence incriminating foods as vehicles in the transmission of norovirus, little is known about virus survival in foods and on surfaces. Feline calicivirus was used as a surrogate for norovirus to investigate its survival in representative foods of plant and animal origin and ...
Boxman Ingeborg L A - - 2007
Noroviruses have emerged as the most common cause of foodborne outbreaks of acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis. In this study, two methods for the extraction of viruses from deli ham were compared. Using both methods, as little as 1 to 10 reverse transcription (RT)-PCR units of inoculated norovirus and enterovirus could be ...
Su Yi-Cheng - - 2007
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a human pathogen that is widely distributed in the marine environments. This organism is frequently isolated from a variety of raw seafoods, particularly shellfish. Consumption of raw or undercooked seafood contaminated with V. parahaemolyticus may lead to development of acute gastroenteritis characterized by diarrhea, headache, vomiting, nausea, ...
Scallan Elaine - - 2007
Since the establishment of the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) in 1996, it has been an essential resource for the surveillance and investigation of foodborne disease in the United States. FoodNet has had a major impact on food safety because it conducts population-based, active surveillance for laboratory-confirmed infections from ...
Friedemann Miriam - - 2007
The ubiqitous microorganism Enterobacter sakazakii is a rare contaminant of infant formula and may cause severe systemic infection in neonates. So far, other food is not known to cause E. sakazakii-infections. The scarce information about the ecology of E. sakazakii and the uncertainty concerning the source of infection in children ...
Reilly Thomas - - 2007
The training and competitive programmes of elite athletes incorporate travel schedules, often long journeys, across multiple time zones. In such cases, travel causes both transient fatigue and a malaise known as "jet-lag" that persists for some days. Jet-lag is due to the disturbance of the body's circadian rhythms: diurnal and ...
Ilbäck Nils-Gunnar - - 2007
During recent years there have been several incidents in which symptoms of disease have been linked to consumption of food contaminated by chemical substances (e.g., 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, TCDD). Furthermore, outbreaks of infections in food-producing animals have attracted major attention regarding the safety of consumers, e.g., Bovine Spongiform Encephalitis (BSE) and influenza ...
De Benedictis P - - 2007
The recent outbreaks of avian influenza (AI) worldwide have highlighted the difficulties in controlling this disease both in developed and in developing countries. Biosecurity is considered the most important tool to prevent and control AI. In certain areas of the world, AI has become endemic and the recent outbreaks in ...
Rizzo Caterina - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This paper describes the third large outbreak of Norovirus (NoV) gastroenteritis reported in the Southern Italy region of Puglia. METHODS: A matched case control study was conducted, on 19 July 2005, for investigating risk factors, using a structured questionnaire on food consumption. A multivariate analysis was conducted to estimate ...
Simmons Greg - - 2007
AIM: To investigate an outbreak of gastroenteritis that occurred following an international rugby test at Eden Park (Auckland, New Zealand) on 17 June 2006. METHOD: 387 patrons were interviewed. Cases were defined as those from one of four hospitality areas who consumed food or beverage at Eden Park on the ...
Landesman William J - - 2007
Higher-than-average precipitation levels may cause mosquito outbreaks if mosquitoes are limited by larval habitat availability. Alternatively, recent ecological research suggests that drought events can lead to mosquito outbreaks the following year due to changes in food web structure. By either mechanism, these mosquito outbreaks may contribute to human cases of ...
Buccheri Cecilia - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Food hygiene in hospital poses peculiar problems, particularly given the presence of patients who could be more vulnerable than healthy subjects to microbiological and nutritional risks. Moreover, in nosocomial outbreaks of infectious intestinal disease, the mortality risk has been proved to be significantly higher than the community outbreaks and ...
Mann Andrea G - - 2007
Studies suggest that routine variations in public drinking water turbidity may be associated with endemic gastrointestinal illness. We systematically reviewed the literature on this topic. We searched databases and websites for relevant studies in industrialized countries. Studies investigating the association between temporal variations in drinking water turbidity and incidence of ...
Sumilo Dana - - 2007
Pathogens transmitted by ticks cause human disease on a greater scale than any other vector-borne infections in Europe, and have increased dramatically over the past 2-3 decades. Reliable records of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) since 1970 show an especially sharp upsurge in cases in Eastern Europe coincident with the end of ...
David Samara T ST Canadian Field Epidemiology Program, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada. - - 2007
In January 2004, an increase in gastrointestinal illness following oyster consumption was reported in British Columbia. An investigation was initiated to explore the association between norovirus infection and consumption of British Columbia oysters and to identify the source of oyster contamination. The outbreak investigation included active surveillance for human cases, ...
Fozi K - - 2006
A possible outbreak of beriberi occurred at a drug detention and rehabilitation centre, Pusat Serenti Bukit Cabang, Perlis, Malaysia in February 2004. This outbreak was identified following the presentation of a large number of inmates at a health centre with signs and symptoms of ankle oedema and shortness of breath. ...
Ali, Soegianto
In a surveillance study in Jakarta, Indonesia, 88 typhoid and 26 paratyphoid fever patients were identified by blood culture. Risk factors for transmission of typhoid fever were mainly intra-household factors (poor hand-washing hygiene, recent household contacts), whereas paratyphoid was mainly contracted through street food. In an additional study, street vendors ...
Hedberg Craig W - - 2006
Restaurants are important settings for foodborne disease transmission. The Environmental Health Specialists Network (EHS-Net) was established to identify underlying factors contributing to disease outbreaks and to translate those findings into improved prevention efforts. From June 2002 through June 2003, EHS-Net conducted systematic environmental evaluations in 22 restaurants in which outbreaks ...
Cabada Miguel M - - 2006
The objective of this study was to determine the risk factors for travelers' diarrhea (TD) reported by visitors to Cuzco, Peru. In this cross-sectional study, self-administered questionnaires looking at perceived occurrence of health problems and pre-travel health advice were obtained from departing travelers at Cuzco's International Airport between August and ...
- - 2006
Every year, there are many thousands of pounds of fresh leafy greens, such as lettuce and spinach, grown in the United States and eaten by the public with no consequent illness. Outbreaks, however, such as the recent Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7 outbreak linked to raw spinach, do occur, and ...
Fildes Karen - - 2006
Huge aggregations of flightless locust nymphs pose a serious threat to agriculture when they reach plague proportions but provide a very visible and nutritious resource for native birds. Locust outbreaks occur in spring and summer months in semiarid regions of Australia. Fenitrothion, an organophosphate pesticide, is sprayed aerially to control ...
Jones Franca R FR Naval Medical Research Center Detachment-Bacterial and Parasitic Diseases, American Embassy, NMRCD Unit 3800, APO, AA - - 2006
In April of 2003, an outbreak of gastroenteritis was reported in a training command (Centro de Instrucción Técnica y Entrenamiento Naval (CITEN)) at a Peruvian naval base located near Lima, Peru. The Naval Medical Research Center Detachment, in collaboration with the National Peruvian Naval Hospital, conducted an investigation to determine ...
Jones Timothy F - - 2006
Foodborne disease is a common, but preventable, burden of illness worldwide. Almost one-half of every dollar spent on food in the United States is spent on food from restaurants. A growing body of data from foodborne disease outbreaks and studies of sporadic (non-outbreak-associated) gastrointestinal disease of various etiologies suggest that ...
Green Laura R - - 2006
Improvement of food worker hand washing practices is critical to the reduction of foodborne illness and is dependent upon a clear understanding of current hand washing practices. To that end, this study collected detailed observational data on food worker hand washing practices. Food workers (n = 321) were observed preparing ...
Kaluski Dorit Nitzan - - 2006
Contamination of food with streptococci could present with unusual outbreaks that may be difficult to recognize in the early stages. This is demonstrated in a large food-borne outbreak of streptococcal pharyngitis that occurred in 2003 in a factory in Israel. The outbreak was reported to the public health services on ...
Torres-Slimming Paola A PA Alerta-DISAMAR System Peruvian Navy, Naval Medical Research Center Detachment, - - 2006
Cyclospora cayetanensis is emerging as an important cause of food-borne diarrheal outbreaks, especially in developed regions like the United States and Europe. We describe an outbreak of cyclosporiasis in Peruvian naval recruits that we believe to be the first among a local population in a developing region.
McLauchlin Jim - - 2006
Food-borne botulism is a rare but serious disease caused by ingestions of neurotoxin [botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs)] produced as a result of the growth of the bacterium Clostridium botulinum in foods before consumption. The disease is rare in the United Kingdom, and only 62 cases have been recognized between 1922 and ...
Gouda Hanaa A - - 2006
During October 2004 to April 2005, when water temperature ranged between 18 and 22 degrees C, over than 500 specimens of leeches namely Alboglossiphonia polypompholyx, Batracobdelloides tricarinata, Helobdella conifera (Rhynchobdellida), Barbronia assiuti, and Salifa delicata (Arhynchobdellida) were collected from Al-Sont canal near Assiut city. About 80% of these specimens were ...
Holtby I - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain, using a combination of epidemiological, environmental and microbiological methods of investigation, a possible link between two outbreaks of salmonella food poisoning. METHODS: Case-control studies were carried out on the known at-risk populations. Environmental investigations took place in the food preparation areas used for the social functions and ...
Kuttschreuter Margôt - - 2006
In recent years, European countries have witnessed a number of food crises such as dioxin-contaminated chicken, foot-and-mouth disease, and BSE. In such cases, food might be contaminated by microorganisms or chemicals that could pose a risk to the consumer. These cases attract media attention and might instigate the consumer to ...
Rutjes Saskia A - - 2006
Disease outbreaks in which foods are epidemiologically implicated as the common source are frequently reported. Noroviruses and enteric hepatitis A viruses are among the most prevalent causative agents of foodborne diseases. However, the detection of these viruses in foods other than shellfish is often time-consuming and unsuccessful. In this study, ...
Celebi Güven - - 2006
An outbreak of tularemia occurred in three provinces in Turkey in February 2004 and reemerged in the same provinces in February 2005. A total of 61 cases, 54 of which were confirmed with the micro-agglutination test, were diagnosed with oropharyngeal tularemia. No culture for Francisella tularensis was attempted, but PCR ...
Steinberg Ellen B - - 2006
From October 1997 through March 1998, three outbreaks of gastrointestinal illness among school children were linked to company A burritos. In September 1998, a similar outbreak occurred in three North Dakota schools following lunches that included company B burritos. We conducted an investigation to determine the source of the North ...
Vugia Duc J - - 2006
In a rare outbreak of Brainerd diarrhea in California, we identified 23 patients, many of whom had diarrhea persisting for > or =6 months. Case-control studies revealed that illness was associated with 1 local restaurant but not with any specific food or beverage. A Campylobacter species was detected in some ...
Mesa Raúl Jesús - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the presence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae in different environments. METHODS: Clinical samples and stool samples from animal farms, sewage, human faecal carriers attending the emergency room and faecal carriers in the context of food-borne disease outbreaks were subcultured onto MacConkey agar supplemented with ...
Chittick Paul - - 2006
We analyzed national foodborne outbreak data from 1973 through 2001 to determine the proportion of Salmonella Heidelberg outbreaks caused by specific foods. Among 6633 outbreaks with known etiology, 184 (3%) were caused by Salmonella Heidelberg. A vehicle was identified in 101 outbreaks; at least 53 were poultry or egg-related. Three ...
Panico M G - - 2006
The Authors describe an epidemiological survey performed after a cluster of cases of foodborne infection involving several participants at a wedding reception. The aim was to identify the food, the responsible pathogen and any shortcomings in the coordination between the various services and the territorial operating units involved in the ...
Cengiz Melike - - 2006
Food-borne botulism is a rare disease that results from ingestion of the toxins produced by Clostridium botulinum. The most common cause of the disease is the consumption of home-canned foods prepared under inappropriate conditions, especially in rural environments. In this report, a food-borne botulism outbreak potentially caused by roasted home-canned ...
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