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Watanabe Takatomo T Department of Cardiology, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu, - - 2014
We investigated the effect of restriction of food intake, a potent inducer of autophagy, on postinfarction cardiac remodeling and dysfunction. Myocardial infarction was induced in mice by left coronary artery ligation. At 1 week after infarction, mice were randomly divided into four groups: the control group was fed ad libitum ...
Desilva Mary Bachman - - 2013
We compared demographics, socioeconomic status, and food insecurity between households with and without recent orphans in a region of high HIV/AIDS mortality in South Africa. We recruited a cohort of 197 recent orphans and 528 non-orphans ages 9-15 and their households using stratified cluster sampling. Households were classified into three ...
Lankford Tina T Director of CDC's WorkLife Wellness Office in the Office of Safety, Security, and Asset - - 2013
This article explores how employers can be part of the solution to obesity by offering workplace wellness programs and facilitating opportunities for physical activity, access to healthier foods and beverages, and incentives for disease management and prevention to help prevent weight gain among their employees.
Kuriti Manikya - - 2013
Objective: Recommended iodine intake is 150 μg/day in adults, 220 μg/day during pregnancy, and 290 μg/day during lactation. Individuals exclusively consuming restricted diets as part of a weight loss program may be at risk for mild to moderate iodine deficiency. To assess the iodine content in meals and snacks from ...
Leung Cindy W - - 2013
To examine whether short-term participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) affects food security and dietary quality among low-income adults recruited from a Massachusetts-wide emergency food hotline. A 3-month, longitudinal study was conducted among 107 adults recruited at the time of SNAP application assistance. Outcomes included household food security (10-item ...
Powell Lisa M - - 2013
Abstract Background: Given the high rates of childhood obesity, assessing the nutritional content of food and beverage products in television (TV) advertisements to which children are exposed is important. Methods: TV ratings data for children 2-5 and 6-11 years of age were used to examine the nutritional content of food ...
Hilmers Angela - - 2013
Abstract Purpose . To explore the association between food insecurity and dietary intake among Mexican-American women after controlling for sociocultural and economic factors including participation in federal food assistance programs. Design . Cross-sectional. Setting . Three cities in Texas. Subjects . Seven hundred seven Mexican-American women (26-44 years). Measures . ...
Roseman Mary G - - 2013
Examine food in cable television programming specifically targeting 11- to 14-year-olds ("tweens"). Content analysis of food-related scenes (FRS)-in which food was shown, mentioned, and/or consumed-in 880 minutes of programming was conducted. Five days of afternoon/early evening television programs on the Disney Channel. Food references were compared with USDA MyPlate and ...
Gunderson Matthew D - - 2013
Evidence suggests that exposure to advertising of unhealthy foods may contribute to increased rates of obesity in children. This study examined the extent to which television stations marketed unhealthy foods to children during after-school programming aired over one week in La Ceiba, Honduras. Content analysis was performed on four television ...
Kramarow Ellen - - 2013
During 2007-2010 in the USA, 2214 deaths among people aged ≥65 were attributed to choking on food. The death rate for this cause is higher among the elderly than among any other age group. Using data from the US National Vital Statistics System, we examined the relationship between food suffocation ...
Yaktine Ann L - - 2013
Nutrition assistance programs, including the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs (NSLP/SBP), and the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP), are intended to offer low-income families the opportunity for a healthier food pattern that promotes overall health ...
Imperato Pascal James - - 2013
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, a number of European expeditions traveled to the region of Lake Rudolf, now largely in northern Kenya. Although diverse in intent, many of these were undertaken in the interests of furthering colonial territorial claims. In 1900-1901, Major Herbert Henry Austin led a ...
Molina-López Jorge - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate nutritional status and dietary habits after implementation of a nutritional education program in professional handball players. Research methods and procedures: Longitudinal study of 14 handball players evaluated with 72-h recall, a questionnaire on food consumption and anthropometric measures during 4 months. The intervention consisted of a nutrition ...
Basu Sanjay - - 2013
Some experts have proposed limiting the use of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits, for calorie-dense foods or subsidizing SNAP purchases of healthier foods. To estimate health effects and cost-effectiveness of banning or taxing sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) or subsidizing fruits and vegetables purchased with SNAP. . Microsimulation. Data Sources. National ...
- - 2013
This interim final rule amends the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program regulations to establish nutrition standards for all foods sold in schools, other than food sold under the lunch and breakfast programs. Amendments made by Section 208 of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA) require ...
Zhang Kunxi - - 2013
Autophagy dysregulation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The expression of LC3II and sequestosome 1 (P62) were progressively increased in the lumbar spinal cord of ALS mice. However, whether autophagy is activated or inhibited is still unclear. By treating mice with food restriction, a well-recognized ...
Palm E C - - 2013
Abstract Previous studies have related levels of plasma corticosterone (CORT) of seabirds to variation in foraging conditions during the breeding period, but it is unclear whether similar relationships between foraging conditions and baseline CORT exist during other life stages. We validated methods for identifying baseline CORT of lethally sampled birds ...
Gibbs Lisa - - 2013
Evaluate achievement of the Stephanie Alexander Kitchen Garden Program in increasing child appreciation of diverse, healthy foods. Comparative 2-year study. Six program and 6 comparison primary schools in rural and metropolitan Victoria, Australia, matched for socioeconomic status and size. A total of 764 children in grades 3 to 6 (8-12 ...
Jacoby Lynne - - 2013
To obtain the best results from their organizations' food service programs, hospital leaders should conduct in-depth assessments of the programs with the guidance of individuals who possess expertise in the broader food service industry. Such an assessment should comprise three broad steps: A contractual best-practice evaluation. A financial analysis. An ...
Painter John A - - 2013
Each year, >9 million foodborne illnesses are estimated to be caused by major pathogens acquired in the United States. Preventing these illnesses is challenging because resources are limited and linking individual illnesses to a particular food is rarely possible except during an outbreak. We developed a method of attributing illnesses ...
Behera C C Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - - 2013
A 20-year-old female and a 45-year-old male were found lying dead on the floor with frothand vomitus stain present over mouth, nose and face in a closed room. An earthen bowl with incomplete burnt woods, flowers, food materials, agarbati, etc, was also found lying near the body of the two ...
Ramírez-Silva Ivonne - - 2013
Mexico's Oportunidades program provides conditional cash transfers, nutrition education, health services, and fortified food supplements for the young children of poor families. We have documented the effects of the program on growth and reduction of anemia. To better understand the impact pathways and disentangle the relative effects on dietary intake ...
O'Rourke Eyleen J EJ Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, - - 2013
Adaptation to nutrient scarcity depends on the activation of metabolic programs to efficiently use internal reserves of energy. Activation of these programs in abundant food regimens can extend life span. However, the common molecular and metabolic changes that promote adaptation to nutritional stress and extend life span are mostly unknown. ...
- - 2013
Known pathogens cause an estimated 9.4 million foodborne illnesses annually in the United States. CDC collects data on foodborne disease outbreaks submitted by all states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico through CDC's Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System. Data reported for each outbreak include the number of illnesses, hospitalizations, ...
Zeng Ya-Wen - - 2013
Functional food for prevention of chronic diseases is one of this century's key global challenges. Cancer is not only the first or second leading cause of death in China and other countries across the world, but also has diet as one of the most important modifiable risk factors. Major dietary ...
O'Keeffe Celine C Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University College Cork, Cork, - - 2013
To estimate the potential reduction in cardiovascular (CVD) mortality possible by decreasing salt, trans fat and saturated fat consumption, and by increasing fruit and vegetable (F/V) consumption in Irish adults aged 25-84 years for 2010. Modelling study using the validated IMPACT Food Policy Model across two scenarios. Sensitivity analysis was ...
Pinard Courtney A CA 8401 West Dodge Rd, Ste 100, Omaha, NE 68114. E-mail: - - 2013
Schools are uniquely positioned to influence the dietary habits of children, and farm-to-school programs can increase fruit and vegetable consumption among school-aged children. We assessed the feasibility of, interest in, and barriers to implementing farm-to-school activities in 7 school districts in Douglas County, Nebraska. We used a preassessment and postassessment ...
Arthur Anna E AE Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0482, - - 2013
Few studies have evaluated the association of diet and weight status with head and neck cancer outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine whether pretreatment dietary patterns and weight status are associated with head and neck cancer prognosis. This was a longitudinal study of 542 patients with newly ...
Bodenlos Jamie S - - 2012
Television watching has been positively associated with overeating and obesity. How popular food-related television shows affects eating behavior has not been examined. An experimental study was conducted to examine how exposure to a food-related television program affects amount and type of food consumed in adults (N=80). Participants were randomized to ...
Chang Yu-Min - - 2012
This work presents the enforcement performance of recent Haulien County, Taiwan municipal solid waste (MSW) recycling management programs. These programs include: Mandatory Refuse Sorting and Recycling, Diverse Bulk Waste Reuse, Pay-as-you-Discharge, Total Food Waste Recycling, Restricted Use on Plastic Shopping Bags & Plastic Tableware, Recycling Fund Management, and Ash Reuse. ...
Zhang Ying - - 2012
This study examined barium concentrations in the mushroom Trogia venenata, the leading culprit for sudden unexpected deaths in Yunnan, southwest China. We found that barium concentrations in T. venenata from Yunnan were low and comparable to other foods, inconsistent with barium concentrations in this mushroom as a significant contributor to ...
Thoms Ulrike - - 2012
ZUSAMMENFASSUNG: Produktion und Verbrauch von Nahrungsmitteln sind traditionell mit weit reichenden Ängsten verknüpft. Bezogen diese sich in vormodernen Gesellschaften vorrangig auf eine ausreichende Versorgung, sind sie in der modernen Industriegesellschaft eher auf die Qualität der Nahrungsmittel gerichtet. In diesem Zusammenhang spielten in der Nachkriegszeit Antibiotika eine zentrale Rolle. Der Aufsatz ...
Singh Rajat - - 2012
The cellular nutrient sensing apparatus detects nutritional depletion and transmits this information to downstream effectors that generate energy from alternate sources. Autophagy is a crucial catabolic pathway that turns over redundant cytoplasmic components in lysosomes to provide energy to the starved cell. Recent studies have described a role for hypothalamic ...
Manns Braden J - - 2012
Recent clinical trials comparing the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents targeting low (generally a hemoglobin of 90-115 g/L) and near-normal hemoglobin targets (generally a hemoglobin >130 g/L) in patients with chronic kidney disease have shown no improvements in clinical outcomes (aside from a small reduction in transfusion) and potential harm for ...
Sesso Howard D - - 2012
Few epidemiologic studies have examined the potential cardiovascular mechanisms of tomato-based food products, the primary dietary source of lycopene. We examined the cross-sectional association between tomato-based food product intake and coronary biomarkers in the Women's Health Study. Tomato-based food products (tomatoes, tomato juice, tomato sauce, pizza) were summed from a ...
Black Andrew P - - 2012
Less healthy diets are common in high income countries, although proportionally higher in those of low socio-economic status. Food subsidy programs are one strategy to promote healthy nutrition and to reduce socio-economic inequalities in health. This review summarises the evidence for the health and nutritional impacts of food subsidy programs ...
Seligman Hilary K - - 2012
To determine whether food insecurity--the inability to reliably afford safe and nutritious food--is associated with poor glycemic control and whether this association is mediated by difficulty following a healthy diet, diabetes self-efficacy, or emotional distress related to diabetes. We used multivariable regression models to examine the association between food insecurity ...
Stoops Jesse - - 2011
Aims:  The objective was to study growth of Pseudomonas in a food product (tofu) where it typically occurs as a spoilage organism, and when this product is stored under modified atmosphere. Methods and Results:  A Pseudomonas strain was isolated from the endogenous microflora of tofu. Tofu was inoculated with the ...
Millogo Vinsoun - - 2011
The aim of the study was to test three different hand-milking techniques ("pull down", "thumb in", and "full hand grip") and their effects on milk production and teat treatment. This is important since milk production in many tropical areas still rely on hand-milking. The study was carried out at a ...
Ding Fei - - 2011
The purpose of the current work was to examine the complexation of a mammalian protein, hemoglobin (Hb) with a food additive hesperidin at physiological conditions. Molecular modeling, fluorescence, and circular dichroism (CD) methods were exploited to analyze the binding domain, affinity, and the effects of hesperidin conjugation on Hb spatial ...
Keding Gudrun B - - 2011
Many developing countries are experiencing a rapid nutrition transition in urban areas. To investigate whether a nutrition transition was occurring in a rural area by examining the dietary patterns of women in rural Tanzania. A total of 252 women aged 16 to 45 years from three districts of northeastern and ...
Folkedal Ole - - 2011
In this study we evaluated Pavlovian conditioned food anticipatory behaviour as a potential indicator for stress in groups of Atlantic salmon, and compared this with the physiological stress responses of cortisol excretion into water and hyper-consumption of oxygen. We hypothesised that environmental stress would result in reduced feeding motivation. To ...
Caffarelli Carlo - - 2011
Background:  Despite the increasing prevalence of food allergy, few studies have assessed the prevalence of perceived food-induced symptoms among school-aged children. There is also a paucity of data on how children with food reactions are managed. We investigated the frequency and characteristics of perceived food reactions in school-aged children. Methods:  ...
Folkedal Ole - - 2011
We compared behavioural and physiological responses and recovery time after different acute environmental challenges in groups of salmon parr. The fish were prior to the study conditioned to a flashing light signalling arrival of food 30s later to study if the strength of Pavlovian conditioned food anticipatory behaviour can be ...
Gold Mark S - - 2011
My work (Mark S. Gold) began in the 70s looking for the mechanisms of drug reinforcement and withdrawal. Through observation and experience, drugs of abuse and the drive for food appeared to be quite related. As pioneered by Bart Hoebel, food can become an object of desire and act in ...
Aronsohn Andrew - - 2011
In recent years each edition of HEPATOLOGY has included a viewpoint article written by a member of the Editorial team. This month Dr. Michael Charlton has offered his turn at the microphone to Professor Donald Jensen, from the University of Chicago, in order that he can address a pressing issue ...
Shriner Richard L - - 2011
As obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and the metabolic syndrome sweep across the research and the clinical landscape of medical care, effective pharmacologic remedies for the treatment of obesity have become imperative. The complexities of nutrient impact on neurotransmitter and endocrine modulating chemistry have become increasingly better characterized as have ...
Anderson Carl - - 2011
Conducting clinical trials for diabetes can present researchers with a number of regulatory questions. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has increased regulatory enforcement at clinical sites, with an increased emphasis on oversight by principal investigators (PIs; referred to by the FDA as the clinical investigator). The FDA has issued ...
Mackey-Lawrence Nicole M - - 2011
Amoebic dysentery is caused by the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica. It is transmitted in areas where poor sanitation allows contamination of drinking water and food with faeces. In these areas, up to 40% of people with diarrhoea may have amoebic dysentery. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and ...
Sabler Itay M - - 2011
To test the effectiveness of the sterilization process of the transducer while applying the Food and Drug Administration recommendations on a routine basis in a high-volume clinical setup. In June 2006, the Food and Drug Administration issued a Public Health notification about reprocessing of the reusable ultrasound transducer assemblies used ...
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