Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 549
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Björkstén B - - 1996
Adverse reactions to foods may sometimes cause symptoms from the respiratory tract, including bronchial obstruction and rhinitis. The true prevalence is not known. In adults, it has been estimated to be about 1% of asthmatic patients or less. This would correspond to a prevalence of about 2-4 in 10,000 of ...
Rumsaeng V - - 1996
Adverse reactions to foods are classified into immediate and delayed reactions. Immediate reactions are caused by interactions between food antigen and antigen-specific IgE that lead to a pathological process mediated by mast cells and basophils. Delayed reactions are more diverse, both in the manifestations and in the biological mechanisms involved. ...
Chen L - - 1996
Heavy metal-induced contact eczematous human skin reactions to cobalt chloride and mercuric chloride were investigated for immunoreactivity to interleukin-8 (IL-8), by using an indirect immunoperoxidase staining technique. There was suprabasal epidermal staining for IL-8, with a decrease in the vicinity of areas with parakeratotic epithelium. However, in the immediate vicinity ...
Nangia A - - 1996
Previously, we have investigated the relationship between dissociation constant (pKa) and skin irritation potential. In the present experiment, 12 basic compounds, with varying pKa values ranging from 1.4 to 11.2, were applied on the backs of 12 healthy adult panellists. Cutaneous reactions were measured objectively, using reflectance spectroscopy and transepidermal ...
Amin A H - - 1996
This study was designed to compare three different fluorescent probes to assay the acrosome reaction in human spermatozoa: chlortetracycline (CTC), mannosylated bovine serum albumin (BSA) labelled with fluorescein (MAF), and quinacrine (QN). Normal human sperm ejaculates were washed and allowed to swim up for 30-60 min. Samples were examined under ...
Schuller D E - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To provide the allergist information regarding the recognition, diagnosis, classification, and management of headaches. DATA SOURCES: Literature and relevant articles pertaining to various types of headache are reviewed and the clinical experience of the authors is presented. CONCLUSIONS: After reading this article, the allergist should know the various causes ...
St Angelo A J - - 1996
This review discusses the basic chemical reactions that affect food flavor quality. Although there are many reactions that can lead to the deterioration of quality in foods, this review focuses on lipid oxidation and how it adversely affects flavor principals. It also presents technological advances for studying the basic mechanism ...
Gizeli E - - 1996
Immunosensors are important analytical tools for monitoring antibody-antigen reactions in real time. Recent developments in immunosensors have produced systems that allow rapid and continuous analysis of the binding event without the requirement for added reagents or separation/washing steps. As a result, great interest has focused on commercializing immunosensors for applications ...
Takeshita A - - 1995
A 43-year-old woman was hospitalized with skin eruption and liver dysfunction complicated with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) after taking Proporis, a so-called health food. Her clinical course was well correlated with discontinuation and the retaking of Proporis. No other reason for the development of DIC was detected except for allergic ...
Malanin K - - 1995
An atopic girl experienced an anaphylactic reaction after eating cookies containing pecan nuts. Investigations revealed that she had developed IgE antibodies exclusively specific against allergenic determinants present in aged or heated pecan nuts, but not in fresh pecans. These neoallergenic determinants were located on protein(s) with a molecular weight of ...
Williams C E - - 1995
A transient model of vapor contaminant diffusion and homogeneous reaction in a two-compartment passive sampler was formulated. The mathematical analysis considered finite reaction kinetics, bulk air boundary-layer effects, and the solubility of the vapor contaminant in the liquid absorbing/reacting medium. The model was evaluated using experimentally measured Cl2 uptake rates ...
Lamthanh H - - 1995
During the time course of disulfide bond formation by iodine oxidation (in a methanolic and hydrochloric acid solution) of a cysteinyl(S-acetamidomethyl)-glutaminyl tridecapeptide, we observed by ESI, FAB mass spectrometry (pseudo-molecular ion and ion-fragments) and 1H-NMR a side reaction due to a shift of the Acm leaving group from cysteine to ...
Kemp S F - - 1995
BACKGROUND: A presentation of findings from a large population of anaphylaxis cases. METHODS: Retrospective chart review and follow-up questionnaire provided data on 266 subjects (113 males and 153 females) aged 12 to 75 years (mean age, 38 years) who were referred to a university-affiliated private allergy-immunology practice in Memphis, Tenn, ...
Strumilo S - - 1995
The purified 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (OGDC) from the European bison heart was near saturated with endogenous bound thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP). Exogenous TPP added to the full OGDC reaction medium decreased S0.5 for 2-oxoglutarate approximately 2.6-fold without any notable change in the maximum reaction rate. The TPP effect was observed in ...
Stücker M - - 1995
Reactions of the cutaneous microcirculation to local stimuli have been quantitated in terms of area of erythema (planimetry), change in colour (colorimetry) and time-dependent changes in perfusion (one-dimensional laser Doppler fluxmetry (LDF)). Using the new technique of laser Doppler scanning (LDS) it is now possible to quantify and demonstrate two-dimensional ...
Chen X S XS Institute of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine, Beijing, - - 1995
Since 1950, the annual GNP in China increased from 104 to 1401 Yuan per capita, while household real purchasing power quadrupled. In addition, food production and distribution also rose. China's improved standard of living has brought about several health changes: a reduction in diseases of poverty (high infant mortality, communicable ...
Marshall C M - - 1995
Emesis is a common symptom resulting from adverse food reactions in infants. In this article the terms food allergy and food intolerance are defined and differentiated. The immunopathophysiology of food allergies is discussed along with useful diagnostic tests. Adverse reactions to common infant nutrients such as cow's milk and soy ...
Lester M R - - 1995
Endogenous sulfite is generated as a consequence of the body's normal processing of sulfur-containing amino acids. Sulfites occur as a consequence of fermentation and also occur naturally in a number of foods and beverages. As food additives, sulfiting agents were first used in 1664 and approved in the United States ...
Baczko K - - 1995
Various 6-O-acylsucroses were synthesized in good yields from unprotected sucrose in N,N-dimethylformamide and the appropriate 3-acylthiazolidine-2-thiones 6 or 3-acyl-5-methyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2(3H)-thiones 7. A selective ionization of the free sugar by sodium hydride or triethylamine, followed by acylation with 6, gave 2-O-acylsucroses which were subjected in situ to intramolecular isomerizations using 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU) ...
Tauscher B - - 1995
Food pasteurized by hydrostatic high pressure have already been marketed in Japan. There is great interest in this method also in Europe and USA. Temperature and pressure are the essential parameters influencing the state of substances including foods. While the influence of temperature on food has been extensively investigated, effects ...
Høst A - - 1995
Rhinitis is a common symptom in food allergic patients, but rhinitis is rarely the only symptom. Rhinitis due to adverse reactions to preservatives and colorants is very rare. In anaphylactic systemic reactions to foods the rhinitis symptoms are caused by inflammatory mediators transported by the circulation. In non-anaphylactic reactions, the ...
Strobel S - - 1995
The intestinal tract is the major immunological organ of the human body. The gut associated lymphoid tissues (GALT) play an important role in the suppression of adverse reactions to foods and in the induction of "Oral Tolerance". Immunologically mediated clinical reactions to foods exist outside the gut environment and can ...
Panush R S - - 1995
There are several reasons for considering the hypothesis that food hypersensitivity might relate to rheumatic diseases. Food can evoke immune responses. Food can cause immunologically mediated symptoms. Immunological mechanisms are important in the pathogenesis of rheumatic diseases. Antigens triggering rheumatic responses are unknown. Rheumatic diseases have been associated with foods ...
Soledad García M - - 1995
Kinetic methods are proposed for the determination of carbimazole(CBZ), methimazole(MMI) and propylthiouracil(PTU) based on their inhibitory effects on the palladium(II)-catalysed reaction between the pyronine G and hypophosphite ions. The reactions are monitored spectrophotometrically at 548 nm. The influence of reaction variables and the interfering effect of other substances were studied. ...
Høst A - - 1995
Otitis media with effusion is rarely caused by allergy to food. Allergic inflammation in the nasal mucosa, mainly due to IgE-mediated reactions to foods, may cause eustachian tube dysfunction and subsequent otitis media with effusion. Inflammatory mediators from the nasal mucosa transported via the nasal mucociliary system may cause eustachian ...
Ownby D R - - 1995
Both immunologic and non-immunologic mechanisms can provoke systemic reactions following food ingestion. Histamine is the only mast cell mediator which has been demonstrated to be elevated in the serum as a result of systemic allergic reactions to food. In individuals highly sensitive to foods, airborne exposure to food allergens can ...
Mikhaylova V T - - 1994
Batches of osmium-ammine (OA) complex vary considerably in staining properties when used in a Feulgen-like reaction for selective staining of DNA-containing structures. An alternative procedure for preparation of Schiff-like reagent from OA complex is described. It is based on generation of H2SO3, respectively SO2, within the OA solution and ensures ...
Guilford W G - - 1994
The histamine contents of a range of North American commercial pet foods and pet food ingredients were determined by a spectrofluorometric technique. The change in histamine content of open cans of pet food stored in a refrigerator or at room temperature was also investigated. The histamine content of the pet ...
Ito H - - 1994
Chlorophyll a accumulated when chlorophyllide b was incubated with isolated cucumber etioplasts in the dark. When [14C]chlorophyllide b was used as the substrate for chlorophyll synthesis, [14C]chlorophyll a was formed, showing that chlorophyll a was synthesized from the exogenously added chlorophyllide b, not by light-independent reduction of endogenous protochlorophyllide. The ...
Hansen L F - - 1994
Intranasal irrigation with ZnSO4 solutions is used for experimental induction of anosmia. It is, however, unknown whether the trigeminal nerve is affected by the treatment. One day after irrigation (concentrations investigated were between 0.05-1%) the ability of food finding, an olfactory cue, was decreased in a concentration-dependent manner. The trigeminal ...
Savoie L - - 1994
The digestion and absorption of food is a spatiotemporal and dynamic process involving complex enzymatic and transport reactions, and it is illusive to try to reproduce in a single model all these biochemical and physiological events. A more practical and realistic approach is to separately evaluate the specific contributions of ...
Filer L J LJ - - 1994
This report of the proceedings of a workshop on monosodium glutamate (MSG) represents the output of an exchange of scientific information, discussed and debated, by a group of experts representing a variety of disciplines. Experts in the areas of food science, potential adverse reactions to foods, pharmacology, neuroscience, biochemistry, nutrition, ...
Gainutdinov K L - - 1994
An intensification of the defense reaction and a significant decrease in the consumption of food take place, the development of the defense conditioned reflex is facilitated, and the development of the feeding reflex deteriorates in the snail in the presence of long-term sensitization. The results suggest that the formation of ...
Zakhary N I - - 1994
The goal of this work was to study the effect of the most common Egyptian food items, Vicia faba beans (VF) and bran, on the carcinogenicity of dibutylnitrosamine (DBN) precursors (dibutylamine and nitrite). Mice receiving DBN precursors showed a delayed gain in body weight as well as decreased protein level ...
Lübbers K - - 1993
Chloride depletion blocks the normal four-step progress of photosynthetic water oxidation. We studied proton release in chloride-depleted thylakoids which were dark-adapted and excited by flashing light. Proton release was blocked from the second flash on, possibly leaving an uncompensated positive charge in the catalytic centre. The reduction of P+680 by ...
Heddle R J - - 1993
Skin conditions regarded as having an 'allergic' origin are extremely common. Immunologically specific hypersensitivities to food and aeroallergens and idiosyncratic reactions to food chemicals play a role in some of the individuals suffering from these conditions, but in others intrinsic or unknown factors dominate. Rashes are frequently seen in relation ...
Wüthrich B - - 1993
Food additives can induce a wide range of adverse reactions in sensitive individuals. A prevalence of 0.03% to 0.23% is estimated. The complexity of the different pathophysiologic mechanisms possibly involved in the allergic (immunologic) or in the intolerant (nonimmunologic) reactions to food additives continues to create great difficulties in the ...
Kägi M K - - 1993
With the increasing demand for vegetarian food the consumption of vegetable burgers as an alternative to beef burgers has now become widespread. Since products of this kind are often not provided with a clear description of their components or ingredients, potential allergens generally cannot be identified by the consumer. Their ...
Corman L C - - 1993
This article reviews the importance of food and water for survival and the wide ranges of nutrient intake capable of sustaining reproduction and growth. It also reviews the different types of adverse reactions to foods including hypersensitivity or allergic reactions, pharmacologic and metabolic adverse responses to foods, and natural and ...
Kacperek A - - 1993
The amount of silica in the human lung may be estimated by measurement of silicon using in vivo neutron activation analysis. A pulsed, fast neutron beam, produced with a 2 MV Van de Graaff generator using the 2H + 2H reaction, was used to irradiate a Si-doped chest phantom in ...
Tarlo S M - - 1993
Presumed allergic reactions to hidden food additives are both controversial and important. Clinical manifestations include asthma, urticaria, angioedema, and anaphylactic-anaphylactoid events. Most adverse reactions are caused by just a few additives, such as sulfites and monosodium glutamate. Diagnosis is suspected from the history and confirmed by specific challenge. The treatment ...
Nagata Y - - 1993
Pseudomonas paucimobilis UT26 grows on gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (gamma-HCH) as a sole source of carbon and energy. Tn5 mutation was introduced into UT26, and two kinds of mutants defective in gamma-HCH degradation were phenotypically isolated; one (UT64) completely lacked the activity to degrade gamma-HCH, while the other (UT61) retained a very low ...
Holmes S - - 1993
1. Food intolerance is a reproducible abnormal reaction to food or food components which is not psychologically based. 2. It is straightforward to identify immediate hypersensitivity, but delayed reactions (4-27 hours) are more difficult. 3. The main foods causing reactions are wheat, milk, chicken, eggs, fish and shellfish, but any ...
Koch W H - - 1993
The polymerase chain reaction was used to selectively amplify sequences within the cholera toxin operon from Vibrio cholerae O1. Oysters, crabmeat, shrimp, and lettuce were seeded with V. cholerae and then homogenized or washed with alkaline peptone water, followed by short-term (6- to 8-h) enrichment. A detection limit of as ...
Marks D R - - 1993
Allergic reactions to food are more common among infants and children but occur in adults as well. Foods that are most often implicated in allergic reactions are eggs, cow's milk, nuts, wheat, soy products, whitefish, and crustacea. Gastrointestinal, respiratory tract, and dermatologic symptoms, as well as systemic anaphylaxis, may develop. ...
Koveos D S - - 1993
In the spider mite Tetranychus urticae, both diapause induction (which takes place during the larval and nymphal stages) and diapause maintenance (in the adult female) are under photoperiodic control. The question of whether or not the same photoperiodic clock is involved in both photoperiodic reactions was investigated in eight strains ...
Parker S L - - 1993
This study was undertaken to identify differences in offending foods reported by 45 patients with classic symptoms of food allergy and/or subjective food-related complaints not traditionally associated with food allergy. On the basis of a comprehensive clinical history, skin testing, and double-blind food challenges, patients were diagnosed as having confirmed ...
Wüthrich B - - 1993
Recognition of sulfite sensitivity by the practicing dermatologist has become increasingly important. A wide spectrum of anaphylactoid reactions can occur after ingestion of sulfite additives in foods and medications. We report the case of a 47-year-old man with severe acute intermittent urticaria. A placebo-controlled oral challenge test with 50 mg ...
Schulze S - - 1992
In order to establish a noninvasive method of monitoring immediate hypersensitivity reactions in children, we studied the diurnal variation of urinary histamine and 1-methylhistamine excretion and the influence of food intake in a group of 14 healthy nonatopic children (aged 2-16 years). Histamine and 1-methylhistamine in spontaneous urine samples were ...
Yoshikawa M - - 1992
Six new antiallergic and antimicrobial principles, thunberginols A, B, C, D, E, and F, were isolated from Hydrangeae Dulcis Folium, the fermented and dried leaves of Hydrangea macrophylla SERINGE var. thunbergii MAKINO. The chemical structures of thunberginols A, B, and F have been determined on the basis of chemical and ...
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