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Kyle Theodore K TK ConscienHealth, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Consumer beliefs regarding the usefulness of information about added sugars proposed for addition to the Nutrition Facts panel on U.S. food labeling were assessed. A representative sample of 500 U.S. adults was recruited in July 2014 for an anonymous, voluntary online survey. Respondents were shown a Nutrition Facts panel with ...
Fang Yanyan Y School of River and Ocean Engineering, Chongqing Jiaotong University, Chongqing, 400074, - - 2014
With growing concerns about food safety and stricter national standards in China, attention has focused on vegetables and fish as they are an important part of the Chinese daily diet, and pesticide residues can accumulate in these foodstuffs. The local consumption habits of vegetables and fish were determined using questionnaires ...
Beyer K K Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Department of Pediatric Pneumology and Immunology, Berlin, Germany; Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, United - - 2014
Oral challenges are the gold standard in food allergy diagnostic, but time consuming. Aim of the study was to investigate the role of peanut- and hazelnut-component-specific IgE in the diagnostics of peanut and hazelnut allergy and to identify cut-off levels to make some challenges superfluous. In a prospective and multicenter ...
Li Rui R State Key Laboratory Breeding Base for Zhejiang Sustainable Plant Pest Control, Agricultural Ministry Key Laboratory for Pesticide Residue Detection, Zhejiang Province Key Laboratory for Food Safety, Institute of Quality and Standard for Agro-products, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences , 310021 Hangzhou, Zhejiang, - - 2014
Chlorpyrifos is a widely used organophosphorus pesticide in agricultural crops (including food) and animal feeds in China, resulting in heavy contamination. Many studies have focused on the food-processing effects on chlorpyrifos removal, but sufficient information is not observed for feed-processing steps. Here, chlorpyrifos residual behaviors in field crops and its ...
Liu Zilei Z Chemistry Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford , Mansfield Road, Oxford, OX1 3TA, - - 2014
Addition of human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) to baby foods may protect infants from disease. As many simple HMOs are fucosylated this is likely to increase the demand for l-fucose as a synthetic building block. Any chemical synthesis must be cheap to compete with a biotechnological process. Acetonide is the only ...
Urbanus Brittany L BL Authors are with Univ. of Illinois, 905 S. Goodwin Ave., Urbana, IL, 61801, - - 2014
Although beet and cane sugar sources have nearly identical chemical compositions, the sugars differ in their volatile profiles, thermal behaviors, and minor chemical components. Scientific evidence characterizing the impact of these differences on product quality is lacking. The objective of this research was to determine whether panelists could identify a ...
Fan Pei-Hong PH School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shandong University, Jinan, 250012, P. R., - - 2014
As probiotics, soy oligosaccharides become popular as healthy foods to reduce disease risk. However, comprehensive information about oligosaccharides in different food legumes is limited. In this study, eight oligosaccharides were well-detected and quantified in different varieties of eight legume species using high resolution mass spectrometry. It was determined that species ...
Chan Simon S M SS 1Norwich Medical School, Department of Medicine, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom; 2Department of Gastroenterology, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital NHS Trust, Norwich, United Kingdom; 3Strangeways Research Laboratory, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom; 4University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 5National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, the Netherlands; 6Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom; 7Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Nutritional Research, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; 8Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, GI Unit, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; 9Department of Clinical Sciences, University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden; 10Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; 11Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition, Potsdam, Germany; 12Department of Clinical Epidemiology, University of Aarhus, Denmark; 13Molecular and Nutritional Epidemiology Unit, Cancer Research and Prevention Centre, Florence, Italy; 14INSERM, Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Institut Gustave Roussy, Paris, France; 15Université Paris Sud, UMRS 1018, Paris, France; 16Department of Gastroenterology, Bicêtre University Hospital, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France; 17Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark; 18Division of Clinical Epidemiology, DKFZ-German Cancer Research Centre, Heidelberg, Germany; 19Cancer Registry and Histopathology Unit, "Civic - M.P.Arezzo" Hospital, Ragusa, Italy; 20WHO Collaborating Center for Food and Nutrition Policies, Athens, - - 2014
Diet may have a role in the etiology of inflammatory bowel disease. In previous studies, the associations between increased intakes of carbohydrates, sugar, starch, and inflammatory bowel disease are inconsistent. However, few prospective studies have investigated the associations between these macronutrients and incident Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC). ...
Anagnostou Katherine K Department of Paediatric Allergy, Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
Peanut allergy is common and can be a cause of severe, life-threatening reactions. It is rarely outgrown like other food allergies such as egg and milk. Measures aiming to reduce its prevalence via maternal avoidance during pregnancy and lactation, or delayed introduction into the diet, have failed to show any ...
Shibata Katsumi K a School of Human Cultures, Department of Nutrition , The University of Shiga Prefecture , Hikone , - - 2014
We previously reported that mild food restriction induces a reduction in tryptophan-nicotinamide conversion, which helps to explain why death secondary to pellagra is pandemic during the hungry season. In this study, we investigated the levels of B-group vitamins in the liver, kidney, blood, and urine in rats that underwent gradual ...
Shiue I I School of the Built Environment, Heriot-Watt University, UK; Owens Institute of Behavior Research, University of Georgia, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Associations between liver function and serum IgE levels have recently been observed in children. However, the relationship in adults is unclear. Therefore, it was aimed to study associations of liver function and serum total and food-specific IgE concentrations in a national and population-based study. Data were retrieved from the United ...
van Kesteren Petra C E PC National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) , Bilthoven , The Netherlands - - 2014
Abstract This study presents novel insights in the risk assessment of synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) in food. SAS is a nanostructured material consisting of aggregates and agglomerates of primary particles in the nanorange (<100 nm). Depending on the production process, SAS exists in four main forms, and each form comprises various ...
Wang Pan P Laboratory of Molecular Toxicology, State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1-5 Beichenxi Road, Beijing 100101, PR - - 2014
Organophosphorus (OP) and carbamate (CM) pesticides are widely used in agriculture. These pesticides are highly toxic to humans and their residues in food pose potential threat to human health. In this study, we investigated the effect of subchronic low-level exposure of OPs (dichlorvos, DDVP; malathion, MAL), CM pirimicarb (PI), or ...
Ranganathan Arunkumar A Department of Molecular Nutrition, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Health food (ready-mix) was prepared from maize and vegetables a source of lutein (L) and zeaxanthin (Z) and studied for its quality characteristics (moisture sorption isotherm, sensory, microbiological, chemical composition, and storage stability) on storage at varying temperatures for 3 months and L+Z bioavailability in mice. Results revealed a ...
Ditewig Amy C AC Cellular, Molecular, and Exploratory Toxicology, DSS, AbbVie, North Chicago, Illinois, - - 2014
Environmental enrichment in rodents may improve animal well-being but can affect neurologic development, immune system function, and aging. We tested the hypothesis that wood block enrichment affects the interpretation of traditional and transcriptomic endpoints in an exploratory toxicology testing model using a well-characterized reference compound, cyclophosphamide. ANOVA was performed to ...
Bray George A GA Corresponding author: George A. Bray, - - 2014
Sugar-sweetened drinks have been associated with several health problems. In the point narrative as presented below, we provide our opinion and review of the data to date that we need to reconsider consumption of dietary sugar based on the growing concern of obesity and type 2 diabetes. In the counterpoint ...
Nisembaum Laura G LG Departamento de Fisiología (Fisiología Animal II). Facultad de Biología. Universidad Complutense de Madrid. 28040 Madrid, - - 2014
Ghrelin is a potent orexigenic signal mainly synthesized in the stomach and foregut of vertebrates. Recent studies in rodents point out that ghrelin could also act as an input for the circadian system and/or as an output of peripheral food-entrainable oscillators, being involved in the food anticipatory activity (FAA). In ...
Chang J W JW Research Center for Environmental Trace Toxic Substances, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, - - 2014
Phthalates strongly and adversely affect reproduction, development and liver function. We did a cumulative risk assessment for simultaneous exposure to nine phthalates using the hazard index (HI) and the levels of nine phthalates in 1200 foodstuff samples. DEHP (di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate) present the highest level (mean: 0.443 mg/kg) in 1200 samples, and ...
Mollard Rebecca C RC Manitoba Institute of Child Health, Winnipeg, Canada (RCM, MS, ACM, JH, BAW, KDMW, EACS, HJD, and JMM); the Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada (RCM, MS, ACM, JH, BAW, KDMW, EACS, HJD, and JMM); the Department of Physiotherapy, Health Sciences Centre, Winnipeg, Canada (KDMW); CancerCare Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada (LR); and the Diabetes Research Group Health Sciences Centre, Winnipeg, Canada - - 2014
Dietary determinants of hepatic steatosis, an important precursor for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, are undefined. We explored the roles of sugar and fat intake as determinants of hepatic steatosis and visceral obesity in overweight adolescents at risk of type 2 diabetes. This was a cross-sectional study of dietary patterns and ...
Bastos Sabrina Carvalho SC Department of Food Science, Federal University of Lavras, 37200-000 Lavras, MG - - 2014
The fish processing industry generates a large amount of materials discarded as residue. It is known that fish and its residue are a source of essential nutrients. Conversely, bread is a food accessible to different social classes but is deficient in protein, minerals, and fatty acids. Thus, this study aimed ...
Miele Luca L Institute of Internal Medicine, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, - - 2014
The oxidative stress is a key issue in the etiology of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of metabolic gene polymorphisms involved in the oxidative stress (GSTT1, GSTM1, SULT1A1, CYP2E1, and 1A1), lifestyle and nutrition aspects, and their interaction, on the ...
De Ita-Pérez Dalia D Instituto de Neurobiología, Campus UNAM-Juriquilla, 76230 Querétaro, QRO, - - 2014
Daytime restricted feeding (DRF) is an experimental protocol that influences the circadian timing system and underlies the expression of a biological clock known as the food entrained oscillator (FEO). Liver is the organ that reacts most rapidly to food restriction by adjusting the functional relationship between the molecular circadian clock ...
Nasr Jenny Jeehan JJ Department of Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Mansoura, Mansoura 35516, - - 2014
Tylosin and Josamycin are macrolide antibiotics. They are used in the treatment of pneumonia, arthritis and mastitis in cattle, and mycoplasma infections in poultry. The incorrect use of antibiotics has lead to the presence of antibiotic residues in foods. The residues cause toxic effects on consumers. A simple and sensitive ...
Devaraj Sutha S Centre for Drug Research, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Pulau Pinang, - - 2014
Curcuma xanthorrhiza (CX) has been used for centuries in traditional system of medicine to treat several diseases such as hepatitis, liver complaints, and diabetes. It has been consumed as food supplement and "jamu" as a remedy for hepatitis. Hence, CX was further explored for its potential as a functional food ...
Schmaelzle Samantha - - 2013
Biofortification to increase provitamin A carotenoids is an agronomic approach to alleviate vitamin A deficiency. Two studies compared biofortified foods using in vitro and in vivo methods. Study 1 screened maize genotypes (n = 44) using in vitro analysis, which demonstrated decreasing micellarization with increasing provitamin A. Thereafter, seven 50% ...
Lemoine M - - 2013
By increasing the hepatic blood circulation, food intake has been suggested to increase liver stiffness measurement (LSM) values in HCV-infected patients. To investigate prospectively the effects of food intake on LSM in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected patients and healthy controls. In The Gambia, patients included in the PROLIFICA project are ...
Koch Manja - - 2013
The association between diet and fatty liver disease (FLD) has predominantly been analyzed for single nutrients or foods, and findings have been inconsistent. We aimed to compare associations of hypothesis-driven and exploratory dietary pattern scores with liver fat content. Liver fat was measured by using magnetic resonance imaging as liver ...
- - 2013
In October 2012 the Vermont Department of Health (VDH) identified three cases of laboratory-confirmed Campylobacter jejuni infection in Vermont residents; the isolates had indistinguishable pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns. A query of PulseNet, the national molecular subtyping network for foodborne disease surveillance, led to the identification of one additional case ...
Hosseini Mehdi - - 2013
In this study, concentration of mercury was determined in the trophic levels of benthic, benthopelagic, pelagic fish species, and river birds from Arvand River, located in the Khuzestan province in the lowlands of southwestern Iran at the head of the Persian Gulf. The order of mercury concentrations in tissues of ...
Tinoco Ana B - - 2013
Several key functions of ghrelin are well conserved through vertebrate phylogeny. However, some of ghrelin's effects are contradictory and among teleosts only a limited number of species have been used in functional studies on food intake and foraging-related behaviors. Here we investigated the long-term effects of ghrelin on food intake, ...
Ferreira Lívia Garcia - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the energy balance (EB) of patients on the waiting list for liver transplantation, using total energy expenditure (TEE) assessment and total caloric intake (TCI). We analyzed nutrient adequacy and factors associated with it. EB was obtained by subtracting the TCI (obtained by ...
McGrew Ashley K - - 2013
Mercury (Hg) bioaccumulates in the tissues of organisms and biomagnifies within food-webs. Gray wolves (Canis lupus) in Alaska primarily acquire Hg through diet; therefore, comparing the extent of Hg exposure in wolves, in conjunction with stable isotopes, from interior and coastal regions of Alaska offers important insight into their feeding ...
El-Aziz Doaa M Abd - - 2013
To detect Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhimurium), one of the most frequently isolated serovars from food borne outbreaks throughout the world, in retail raw chicken meat and giblets. One hundred samples of retail raw chicken meat and giblets (Liver, heart and gizzard) which were collected from Assiut city markets for detection ...
Lodenius M - - 2013
Mercury concentrations were monitored in European otter (Lutra lutra), European polecat (Mustela putorius) and European pine marten (Martes martes) collected in Eastern Finland during the period 1972-2008. Otters mainly eat fish, which is an important reason to monitor the bioaccumulation of mercury in this predator. In this species, the highest ...
Piskorska-Pliszczynska Jadwiga - - 2013
The transfer of dioxins from contaminated soil into the food chain has recently become an up-and-coming topic in the environmental policy and health-related consumer protection. Within the framework of the 2011 National Food Survey that monitored the levels of PCDD/Fs and PCBs in foods of animal origin, the sum of ...
Petta Salvatore - - 2013
Unhealthy food intake, specifically fructose, has been associated to metabolic alterations and to the severity of liver fibrosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. In a cohort of patients with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C(G1CHC), we tested the association of fructose intake with the severity of liver histology. Anthropometric ...
Julshamn Kaare - - 2013
This study is one of several baseline studies on commercially important Norwegian wild fish species that will provide information concerning metals and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and food safety. The cod liver is a traditional food product in Norway and a potential source for POPs in the diet. The concentrations ...
Schmid Alexandra A Agroscope, Bern, Switzerland. - - 2013
Humans derive most vitamin D from the action of sunlight in their skin. However, in view of the current Western lifestyle with most daily activities taking place indoors, sun exposure is often not sufficient for adequate vitamin D production. For this reason, dietary intake is also of great importance. Animal ...
Barja-Fernández Silvia - - 2013
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have become ubiquitous environmental pollutants because of their widespread use as flame retardants in various consumer products (plastics, textiles, electronic appliances and building materials) and their long half-life. BDE-47 (2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether) is the major PBDE congener detected in the environment and in animal tissues. In the ...
Felizardo Raphael J F RJ Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo CEP 05508-900, - - 2013
Prolonged exposure to mycotoxins in the diet is related to cancer, among other diseases. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for 70%-90% of primary liver cancers and is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Secondary metabolites, like aflatoxins and ochratoxin A (OTA), produced by some fungi species stocked in an ...
Magalhães G C B - - 2013
The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between adiponectinaemia and food intake among obese women with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In total, 60 obese women were examined by abdominal ultrasound for liver steatosis and subcutaneous and visceral adiposity. A standard interview (including questions about alcohol intake, medical history ...
Doets Esmée L - - 2013
Aims: To systematically review the literature on daily losses and bioavailability of vitamin B12. These estimates could be used for deriving recommendations on vitamin B12 intake for adults and elderly. Methods: We identified publications on daily vitamin B12 losses (July 2011) and publications on the bioavailability of vitamin B12 from ...
Sokolović Aleksandar - - 2013
Chronic cholangiopathies often lead to fibrosis, as a result of a perpetuated wound healing response, characterized by increased inflammation and excessive deposition of proteins of the extracellular matrix. Our previous studies have shown that food deprivation suppresses the immune response, which led us to postulate its beneficial effects on pathology ...
Niederegger Senta - - 2013
The blowflies Calliphora vicina and Calliphora vomitoria are among the first colonizers of human remains in Europe. Laboratory development studies with immature stages of these blowflies for postmortem interval (PMI) calculations are generally performed on different media such as processed food substrates or liver of various animals. The question arises ...
Falkowska Lucyna - - 2013
Aquatic birds are often used as a health indicator of the marine ecosystem. African penguins living in the zoo make good research material as they form a link between the marine and the terrestrial ecosystem in terms of xenobiotic circulation. Tests were performed on whole herring-the food of the penguins-as ...
Bray G A GA Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA. - - 2013
Sugar-sweetened drinks and the fructose they provide are associated with several health problems. Data from the Nielsen Homescan and product content were analysed for sweetener type using the Gladson Nutrition Database. Meta-analyses and randomized clinical trials were used to evaluate outcomes of beverage and fructose intake. Over 70% of all ...
Bizjak Mali Lilijana - - 2013
The morphological alterations of hepatocytes of cave-dwelling salamander Proteus anguinus anguinus after food deprivation periods of one and 18 months were investigated and the concentrations of glycogen, lipids, and proteins in the liver were determined. Quantitative analyses of the hepatocyte size, the lipid droplets, the number of mitochondria, and volume ...
Galarini Roberta - - 2013
A confirmatory high-performance liquid chromatography method with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of the following anti-parasitic veterinary drugs in foodstuffs (liver, muscle and milk) and feed: abamectin, doramectin, emamectin, eprinomectin, ivermectin and moxidectin. Samples were extracted, purified and analysed by HPLC-FLD after prior derivatisation ...
Ouellet Jacob D - - 2013
Metal mine effluents can impact fish in the receiving environment via both direct effects from exposure as well as indirect effects via food web. The main objective of the present study was to assess whether an indirect effect such as reduced food (prey) availability could influence metal accumulation and reproductive ...
Tomy Gregg T - - 2013
Compounds related to the high production volume flame retardant Dechlorane Plus (DP), were measured in a Lake Ontario food web located downstream of a DP manufacturing plant. These compounds, 1,3- and 1,5-DP-mono-adducts (DPMA), are positional isomers and are thought to arise from the incomplete reaction of DP or impurities in ...
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