Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 969
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Raynor Hollie A - - 2006
Decreased variety within a meal reduces intake, which is hypothesized to be due to sensory-specific satiety. This study examined whether reduced variety across days also influences food hedonics and intake. Twenty-one, non-obese, college-aged, dietarily unrestrained males were randomized to one of two conditions: a Same Snack condition in which they ...
Outila Terhi A - - 2006
In this study we have developed a new way of evaluating the healthiness of ready-to-eat foods. In the developed method, ready-to-eat foods were classified into specific product categories, and the nutritional quality of classified foods was analysed using the national dietary recommendations and the national dietary survey as a basis ...
Esch Tobias T Division of Integrative Health Promotion, University of Applied Sciences, Coburg, - - 2006
Over the last decades, the importance of food in the development of chronic diseases has been examined, as well as the medical value of eating healthy. The contribution of the eating process itself to health and well-being, however, has not been questioned until most recently. Biology has linked eating to ...
Monro Fiona J - - 2006
This study examined the effects of media-portrayed idealized images on young women's eating behavior. The study compared the effects for high and low self-objectifiers. 72 female university students participated in this experiment. Six magazine advertisements featuring idealized female models were used as the experimental stimuli, and the same six advertisements ...
Hetherington Marion M - - 2006
Variety stimulates intake by as much as 40% following both simultaneous and sequential presentations. Varying sensory and other characteristics of foods could sustain interest in eating and delay the development of satiation. Two experiments set out to explore this by investigating the effect of introducing different foods to taste and ...
Foley, Wendy Lynne
Approaching the diabetes problem through an in-depth, multi-generational study of&#13;Indigenous Australians&#146; food practices and experiences of nutrition promotion for&#13;diabetes management, this socially situated research contrasts with the individualistic&#13;biomedical dietary discourse presented in much of the literature. Dietary change is&#13;mostly discussed in the literature abstracted from the domestic struggles that such&#13;change ...
Foley, Wendy Lynne
Approaching the diabetes problem through an in-depth, multi-generational study of Indigenous Australians’ food practices and experiences of nutrition promotion for diabetes management, this socially situated research contrasts with the individualistic biomedical dietary discourse presented in much of the literature. Dietary change is mostly discussed in the literature abstracted from the ...
Yannakoulia Mary - - 2006
Nutrition intervention is an integral part of type 2 diabetes care. Dietary management entails a series of eating behavior changes regarding meal planning, food selection, food preparation, dining out, portion control, as well as appropriate responses to eating challenges. Diabetic patients encounter several difficulties in complying with the dietary regime. ...
Drummond Sandra - - 2006
Conflicting messages about diet in the media, including publicity for "fad" diets, tend to distort the public's understanding of healthy eating. Several myths also persist, such as "skipping meals is a good way to lose weight," "all fats are bad" or "carbohydrates should be limited when trying to lose weight" ...
Fox Mary Kay - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To examine average portion sizes consumed per eating occasion by infants and toddlers. Average portions reported for toddlers were compared to average portions for comparably aged children reported in the 1994 to 1996 and 1998 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals. In addition, reported average portions were compared ...
Shtonda Boris Borisovich - - 2006
Animals have evolved diverse behaviors that serve the purpose of finding food in the environment. We investigated the food seeking strategy of the soil bacteria-eating nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. C. elegans bacterial food varies in quality: some species are easy to eat and support worm growth well, while others do not. ...
Geliebter Allan - - 2006
Functional neuroimaging was employed to study 10 obese and 10 lean healthy young right-handed women, divided equally into binge and non-binge eaters. Subjects were presented with visual and auditory stimuli of binge type foods, non-binge type foods, and non-food stimuli in the fMRI scanner. Brain areas activated by both the ...
Hubel R - - 2006
The universal eating monitor (UEM) of Kissileff for laboratory measurement of food intake was modified and used with a newly developed special software to compute cumulative intake data. To explore the measurement precision of the UEM an investigation of test-retest-reliability of food intake parameters was conducted. The intake characteristics of ...
Elfhag K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between personality characteristics and eating behaviour in obese patients. METHOD: The participants were 45 patients with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 39 kg/m2. Eating behaviour was measured with the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) also taking the subscales Flexible Control and Rigid Control ...
Lands William E M - - 2005
Every year, more young people start the slow progressive injury that eventually becomes cardiovascular disease and death. It could be prevented with nutrition education, but medical efforts focus more on treatments for older people than on preventing primary causes of disease in young people. Two avoidable risks are prevented by ...
Levitsky David A - - 2005
Few doubt that human feeding behavior is part of larger biology regulatory system of energy stores, but the extent to which eating behavior is controlled by these biology systems and how much is due to responses to environmental stimuli is presently under debate. The results of a series of studies ...
Rozin Paul - - 2005
Humans are biologically adapted to their ancestral food environment in which foods were dispersed and energy expenditure was required to obtain them. The modern developed world has a surplus of very accessible, inexpensive food. Amid the enormous variety of different foods are "super" foods, such as chocolate, which are particularly ...
Lewinsohn Peter M - - 2005
We incorporated selected items from several existing instruments to create a comprehensive multifactorial instrument to measure problematic eating behaviors in young children and to examine the prevalences and correlates of these behaviors. A community sample of young mothers (N = 93) completed the inventory of problematic eating behaviors for their ...
Shafran Roz R Oxford University Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK. - - 2006
The relationship between perfectionism and eating disorders is well established and is of theoretical interest. This study used an experimental design to test the hypothesis that manipulating personal standards, a central feature of perfectionism, would influence eating attitudes and behaviour. Forty-one healthy women were randomly assigned either to a high ...
Shepherd J - - 2006
A systematic review was conducted to examine the barriers to, and facilitators of, healthy eating among young people (11-16 years). The review focused on the wider determinants of health, examining community- and society-level interventions. Seven outcome evaluations and eight studies of young people's views were included. The effectiveness of the ...
Herman C Peter - - 2005
Hunger and satiety have conventionally provided the framework for understanding eating and overeating. We argue that hunger and satiety play a relatively small role in everyday eating. The normative control of food intake refers to the fact that our eating is largely governed by the motive to avoid eating excessively. ...
Addessi Elsa - - 2005
Social influences have been shown to be very important to overcome food neophobia in young children. However, there is no experimental evidence about whether social influences on food acceptance are specific, that is if models eating the same food as the child are more effective in promoting food acceptance than ...
Dubé Laurette - - 2005
It is proposed that the emotional triggers of comfort food consumption can reliably be predicted by factors tied to affect asymmetry whereby negative affects dominate one's experience, decision making and behaviors in some instances while positive emotions prevail in others. Specifically, we relate three of these factors (age, gender, and ...
Herscovici Cecile R - - 2005
The objective of this paper is to describe the prevalence of eating disorders (ED) in Argentina, in a randomly assigned national community-based sample of 1,231 girls and 740 boys in primary care, aged 10 to 19.9. A two-stage design was followed; subjects were screened with a self-report measure (EDE-Q4), and ...
Boggiano Mary M - - 2005
The authors developed an animal model of binge eating where history of caloric restriction with footshock stress (R + S) causes rats to consume twice the normal amount of palatable food. The authors tested the hypothesis that binge eating is mediated by changes in opioid control of feeding by comparing ...
Rousset S - - 2005
Eating behaviour depends partly on food preference, which is itself determined by different types of emotions. Among the emotions generated by food, disgust with red meat is common in women and can lead to reduced meat consumption. We tested the hypothesis that low meat intake is related to different negative ...
Herman C Peter - - 2005
Dyads composed of unacquainted females watched a video while snacking on pizza. Their extraversion and self-monitoring scores were used to predict the extent to which individuals within dyads matched each other's food intake. Matching of intake was high irrespective of the personality composition of the dyad. We consider elements of ...
Corwin Rebecca L - - 2006
Intermittent excessive behaviors (IEB) characterize a variety human disorders including binge eating, drug abuse, alcoholism, aberrant sexual conduct, and compulsive gambling. Clinical co-morbidity exists among IEB, and limited treatment options are available. The use of behavioral models of bingeing and other feeding protocols is beginning to clarify neural similarities and ...
Smith Kyle S KS Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA. - - 2005
How are natural reward functions such as sucrose hedonic impact and the motivation to eat generated within the ventral pallidum (VP)? Here, we used a novel microinjection and functional mapping procedure to neuroanatomically localize and neurochemically characterize substrates in the VP that mediate increases in eating behavior and enhancements in ...
Scherwitz Larry - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To broaden the perspective on the causes of overeating, overweight, and obesity and provide cross-cultural, comprehensive treatment approaches. BACKGROUND: Through food-related research into the world's wisdom traditions, cultural traditions, Eastern healing systems, and Western nutritional science, the authors present recurrent themes derived from ways in which cultures regarded, experienced, ...
Bernstein Daniel M - - 2005
We suggested to 228 subjects in two experiments that, as children, they had had negative experiences with a fattening food. An additional 107 subjects received no such suggestion and served as controls. In Experiment 1, a minority of subjects came to believe that they had felt ill after eating strawberry ...
Ristovski-Slijepcevic S - - 2005
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Although considered to be an important component of food choice, perceptions and practices regarding healthy eating vary between people and change over the life-course. The purpose of this paper is to examine integration and individuality in healthy eating meanings, values, and approaches of individuals in childless, dual ...
Hall Denise M - - 2005
In well-controlled feeding studies, participants are expected to adhere to a strict diet by consuming only and all foods provided by the research kitchen. They may find adherence more of a challenge with certain study design features. To assess this we mailed a post-study anonymous questionnaire to participants who had ...
Hancock Stephanie D - - 2005
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by intermittent, discrete periods of uncontrollable consumption during which huge quantities of high-fat food are eaten. The onset of BED occurs most frequently in adolescent or young adult females and is often associated with a history of dieting and psychological stress. Animal research suggests ...
Stutts Jane - - 2005
Unobtrusive video camera units were installed in the vehicles of 70 volunteer drivers over 1-week time periods to study drivers' exposure to distractions. The video data were coded based on a detailed taxonomy of driver distractions along with important contextual variables and driving performance measures. Results show distractions to be ...
Wudy Stefan A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: In children with idiopathic short stature (ISS), studies investigating body mass index (BMI) or parameters of satiety regulation are scarce, and studies analyzing eating behavior are lacking. METHODS: We recruited 214 children (123 index cases and 91 siblings) with ISS from 123 families. Affected children had to have a ...
O'Connell Cara - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the impact of dietary restraint and caloric preload on thought suppression in a sample of 64 college females classified as either restrained or unrestrained eaters. METHOD: Participants engaged in a 60-min laboratory session. One half of the participants were preloaded with a high-calorie milkshake and ...
Erlanson-Albertsson Charlotte - - 2005
The decision to begin eating or to stop eating is a complex process. Hunger is primarily driven by hunger signals, like ghrelin and neuropeptide Y, originating from the gastrointestinal tract and from the hypothalamus. The hunger signals stimulate the seeking of food and the eating, being activating for the body ...
Dohm Faith-Anne - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Two studies explored in nonclinical samples variables that may influence meal size assessments. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: In Study 1, the contribution of dietary restraint, weight, depressive symptoms, and gender to ratings on the Food Amount Rating Scale was examined in 153 white women and 121 white men; in ...
Sobik Laura - - 2005
Recent research has indicated that craving for food can be elicited by exposure to food cues, suggesting that exposure to food cues may represent a useful experimental paradigm to investigate mechanisms related to binge eating. The first objective of the present research was to replicate previous reports that exposure to ...
Lowe Michael R - - 2005
Anti-dieting sentiment has grown in recent years. Critics of restrained eating suggest that it evokes counter-regulatory responses that render it ineffective or even iatrogenic. However, restrained eaters are not in negative energy balance and overweight individuals show reduced eating problems when losing weight by dieting. A distinction is often drawn ...
Driskell Judy A - - 2005
Typical eating and exercise habits of a group of lower-level (freshmen/sophomores, n=144) and upper-level (juniors/seniors, n=114) students, 19 to 25 years of age, attending a midwestern university were compared. Both groups reported similar snacking practices, nonalcoholic beverage consumption, places of meal consumption, factors influencing food choices, duration and frequency of ...
Martin Corby K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the consistency (repeatability) of laboratory measures of food intake, including eating microstructure (cumulative food intake curves), in non-obese humans across four eating sessions, each separated by 1 week. A secondary aim was to test the effect of dietary restraint on the ...
de Castro John M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Dietary restraint, disinhibition, and perceived hunger have been shown to affect food intake and body weight and are thought to be risk factors for eating disorders, but little is known about their origins. We investigated the influence of heredity, shared (familial) environment, and individual environment on dietary restraint disinhibition, ...
Shariff Zalilah Mohd - - 2005
A total of 107 Malay primary school girls (8-9 yr. old) completed a set of measurements on eating behavior (ChEAT, food neophobia scales, and dieting experience), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, body shape satisfaction, dietary intake, weight, and height. About 38% of the girls scored 20 and more on the ChEAT, ...
Contento Isobel R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have examined the association of methods to control eating such as dietary restraint and disinhibition with weight and quantity of foods eaten. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of these constructs with quality of food choices for women and for their young children. ...
Allison Sarah - - 2007
This secondary analysis prospectively examined nonpurge binge eating patterns in a naturalistic setting in 48 nonpurge binge eating women. Binge eating episodes were analyzed from 14-day food diaries to describe the binge and to determine how types of foods consumed and setting variables affected nonpurge binge eating women. Findings indicated ...
Moreira P - - 2005
The main objective of this study was to determine the association between cognitive restraint, nutritional intake and eating patterns in free-leaving subjects. We administered a questionnaire that included information about eating behaviour (restraint, disinhibition, and hunger), dietary intake, and physical activity; 380 students (60% female) completed the study. The association ...
Shapiro Jennifer R - - 2005
Restrained eaters have been shown to disinhibit their eating when under stressful situations. However, the majority of laboratory studies that have demonstrated this effect utilized a single test food, typically ice cream. There is a lack of research investigating if this interaction is still evident when multiple foods are offered, ...
Bachar Eytan - - 2005
The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether Holocaust survivors will show the same eating pathologies that were found in other participants who had also undergone starvation. Fifty-five Holocaust survivors and 43 matched control participants answered a questionnaire designed to explore eating problems and pathologies described in the ...
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