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Zandian Modjtaba - - 2009
Women were divided into those eating at a decelerated or linear rate. Eating rate was then experimentally increased or decreased by asking the women to adapt their rate of eating to curves presented on a computer screen and the effect on food intake and satiety was studied. Decelerated eaters were ...
Villalba Juan J - - 2009
Fear, a key aspect of temperament with important implications for both animal welfare and production, may be manifest in responses to novelty. Herbivores typically prefer the familiar to the novel, and they generally regard anything novel with caution (i.e., they are reluctant to eat novel foods). We hypothesized animals differ ...
Nicklaus Sophie - - 2009
Eating a variety of foods is essential to achieve adequate coverage of macro- and micronutrient needs. We expose here how eating habits for a variety of foods develop in childhood, from early infancy on. Preferences for specific flavours might develop early, through milk-related flavour exposures. Breastfeeding favours the acquisition of ...
Leite Faria Silvia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In bariatric surgery patients, weight loss and long-term weight maintenance are related to food intake and eating patterns. To improve the diet orientation in the bariatric surgery postoperative period, we assessed the postoperative eating patterns and related them to weight loss. METHODS: This was a transversal, analytical, and descriptive ...
Jastran Margaret M MM Division of Nutritional Sciences, Martha Van Rensselaer Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. - - 2009
Eating routines are a compelling issue because recurring eating behaviors influence nutrition and health. As non-traditional and individualized eating patterns have become more common, new ways of thinking about routine eating practices are needed. This study sought to gain conceptual understanding of working adults' eating routines. Forty-two purposively sampled US ...
Lioret Sandrine - - 2008
The objectives of this study were: (i) to assess the relationships between childhood overweight (OW) and four eating behaviors: daily eating frequency, and the relative contribution of breakfast, main meals (lunch and dinner), and snacks to total daily energy intake (EI); (ii) to explore whether these eating behaviors are involved ...
Lawton Julia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE(S): To look at food and eating practices from the perspectives of Pakistanis and Indians with type 2 diabetes, their perceptions of the barriers and facilitators to dietary change, and the social and cultural factors informing their accounts. METHOD: Qualitative, interview study involving 23 Pakistanis and nine Indians with type ...
Alvarenga Marle Santos - - 2008
Eating attitudes are defined as beliefs, thoughts, feelings and behaviors towards food. Bulimia nervosa (BN) is an eating disorder, in which the eating attitudes are seriously disturbed. Studies that evaluated nutritional aspects of BN focus mainly on food intake, dietary restriction and binge eating, while the follow-up studies evaluate mainly ...
Björk T - - 2008
Our aim in this study was to describe how patients perceive having recovered from eating disorders. A qualitative method with a phenomenographic approach was used to identify various ways of experiencing recovery. Four categories emerged, describing how the subjects now relate in a relaxed and accepting manner to food, the ...
de Bruin Eveline A - - 2009
Several reviews of behavioural studies have concluded that some foods may have beneficial effects on cognitive performance. The present review summarises findings from studies using event-related potentials to investigate the food effects on brain activity underlying cognition. Despite initial positive indications from observational studies, subsequent studies with a within-subject design ...
Ouwens M A - - 2009
van Strien et al. [van Strien, T., Engels, R. C. M. E., van Leeuwe, J., Snoek, H. M. (2005). The Stice model of overeating: tests in clinical and non-clinical samples. Appetite, 45, 205-213] extended the negative affect pathway of Stice's dual pathway model of overeating Stice [Stice, E. (1994). Review ...
Keskitalo Kaisu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The relation between body weight and energy-dense foods remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We estimated the effects of genetic and environmental factors on cognitive and emotional aspects of dieting behavior, body mass index (BMI), and responses to fatty foods and on their relations. DESIGN: A total of 1326 adult twin persons ...
Ranilović Jasmina - - 2009
The objectives of this study were to examine the understanding of healthy eating, to assess the perceived need to change eating habits, to identify information sources about healthy eating among Croatian adults and to compare it with other Mediterranean countries. The sample included 1,006 randomly selected Croatian subjects over 15 ...
Barthomeuf L - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to test if pleasure, neutrality and disgust expressed by other individuals on a photograph could affect the desire to eat liked or disliked food products. Forty-four men and women were presented with two series of photographs. The first series of photographs was composed ...
Papies Esther K - - 2008
Two studies examined self-regulatory success in dieting. Previous research has indicated that restrained eaters (i.e., chronic dieters) might fail in their attempts at weight control because the perception of attractive food cues triggers hedonic thoughts about food and inhibits their dieting goal. However, recent work suggests that in some dieters, ...
Anschutz Doeschka J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the effects of exposure to slim images and diet-related products in commercials on actual food intake in relation to dietary restraint. DESIGN: An experimental design was used, in which food intake was measured in 124 female students who watched either ...
Nikendei C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Maladaptive processing of food cues is considered pivotal in the psychopathology of anorexia nervosa. However, the influence of hunger and differences in processing because of the type of stimuli remain largely unclear. METHOD: Memory bias for food-related pictorial and semantic stimuli was assessed in a recognition and a free ...
Hoefling Atilla - - 2008
In this study, restrained and unrestrained eaters' immediate evaluations of high calorie content and low calorie content were measured, both when being deprived of food and when satiated. As an indirect measure, the Extrinsic Affective Simon Task (EAST) [De Houwer, J. (2003). The Extrinsic Affective Simon Task. Experimental Psychology, 50, ...
Södersten P - - 2008
Outcome in anorexia nervosa remains poor and a new way of looking at this condition is therefore needed. To this aim, we review the effects of food restriction and starvation in humans. It is suggested that body weight remains stable and relatively low when the access to food requires a ...
Wansink Brian - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the eating behaviors of people at all-you-can-eat Chinese buffets differs depending upon their body mass. The resulting findings could confirm or disconfirm previous laboratory research that has been criticized for being artificial. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Trained observers recorded the height, weight, ...
Boston Raymond C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Disordered temporal eating patterns are a feature of a number of eating disorders. There is currently no standard mathematical model to quantify temporal eating patterns. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop a simple model by which to describe the temporal eating patterns of adult humans. For this purpose, patients with ...
Elfhag Kristina - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We investigated associations between consumption of fruits, vegetables, sweets and soft drinks and the psychological dimensions of eating in parents and their children. The role of the parent's characteristics for their children's food intake was also explored. DESIGN: Food intake patterns were assessed by self-reported consumption of the respective ...
Ferriday Danielle - - 2008
Exposure to the sight and smell of food influences our momentary desire to consume it. This study explored the process by which cue exposure promotes greater consumption of food. Three hypotheses were explored, cue exposure: (i) increases the planned consumption of food; (ii) increases tolerance of larger portion sizes; (iii) ...
Scoboria Alan - - 2008
Previous studies have shown that suggesting childhood events can influence current self-reported attitudes towards future behavior. This study shows that suggesting a false past event (i.e. becoming sick on a specific food during childhood) can modify present behavior (i.e. reduce eating of the food). Participants screened to be normal eaters ...
van den Engel-Hoek Lenie - - 2008
A child with spinal muscular atrophy type 2 was referred for evaluation of eating and swallowing problems. The dysphagia evaluation demonstrated coughing during eating and drinking and occasionally stertorous when eating solid food. The videofluoroscopic swallow study showed a late upper esophageal sphincter opening with hypopharyngeal residue, more with solid ...
Hermans Roel C J - - 2008
Laboratory taste-test studies have shown that social modeling effects on food intake are powerful. The aim of the present study was to examine the degree to which people model food intake in a more naturalistic eating setting. After completing a cover task, female participants (N=102) spent a 15-min break with ...
Markowitz Jessica Tuttman - - 2008
Perceived deprivation describes a feeling of not eating what or as much as one would like, despite being in energy balance. This construct was previously found to correlate with the Restraint Scale in obese binge eaters and current dieters [Timmerman, G. M., & Gregg, E. K. (2003). Dieting, perceived deprivation, ...
Grissom Nicola N Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2008
Restraint elicits a number of physiological stress responses that can be increased or decreased in magnitude based on prior stress history. For instance, repeated exposure to restraint leads to habituation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activation to restraint. In contrast, acute restraint after a different repeated stressor leads to facilitation of HPA ...
Newman Emily - - 2008
External eaters reportedly increase snack intake when stressed, which could be due to an attentional shift towards food stimuli. Attentional biases for food stimuli were tested in high and low external eaters in stress and control conditions, using a computerised Stroop. A significant interaction was observed between external eating group ...
Larson Nicole I - - 2008
PURPOSE: Frequent fast food intake is associated with poorer diet quality and greater weight gain. The aims of this study were to describe changes in fast food intake during the transition from middle adolescence to young adulthood, and to identify baseline correlates of this eating behavior in early young adulthood. ...
Kullberg K - - 2008
To analyse, describe and compare the frequency and energy intake of eating events, including specific food items, among diseased older men living in ordinary housing. Descriptive and explorative. Interviews were performed in the participants' home. Thirty-five co-living and 26 single-living men, 64-88 years of age. Participants had one of three ...
Byrd-Bredbenner Carol - - 2008
Young adults engage in risky eating behaviors like eating raw/undercooked foods of animal origin that put them at increased risk for foodborne disease. This cross-sectional survey assessed the self-reported risky eating behaviors of young adults enrolled in higher education as a part of a large-scale survey administered over 10 months. ...
Munsch S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether negative mood and unbalanced nutrition style (fat rich/carbohydrate low) synergistically trigger binge eating in overweight and obese binge eating disorder (BED) patients. METHODS: Subsequently to following an unbalanced or a balanced nutrition plan for three days, participants' food intake in a taste test was measured. During ...
McNamara Caroline - - 2008
There is a dearth of qualitative research exploring eating disordered individuals' emotional responses to the sight of different types of food. In this study we asked 10 adult women diagnosed with bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa or an eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) to articulate their thoughts whilst viewing slides ...
Dimitropoulos Anastasia - - 2008
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by hyperphagia and food preoccupations. Although dysfunction of the hypothalamus likely has a critical role in hyperphagia, it is only one of several regions involved in the regulation of eating. The purpose of this research was to examine food-related neural circuitry using ...
Lundgren Jennifer D - - 2008
Night eating syndrome (NES) represents a delay in the circadian pattern of food intake, manifested by evening hyperphagia and/or nocturnal awakenings accompanied by ingestions of food. A neurobiological marker of NES has been implicated with the recently discovered therapeutic response to the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) sertraline. This pilot ...
Viana V - - 2008
The objective of this study was to examine the association between the scores of the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) and BMI in a sample of Portuguese children. Using a cross-sectional design, a sample of 240 children (123 females and 117 males) aged 3-13 years were recruited from clinic and ...
Lebel Jordan L - - 2008
We examine the comfort food preferences and consumption patterns of women with highly versus less developed schemas for cognitive restraint, emotional and situational eating. In an online survey, 196 women provided their personal definition of what constitutes a comfort food, indicated their favourite one, and their level of hunger and ...
Kubiak Thomas - - 2008
Emotional eating is conceptualized as eating in response to negative affect or distress and is discussed as a mechanism leading to eating binges. Recent evidence suggests that eating may not only be triggered by negative affect, but also ruminative thinking. We report results of an experience sampling study examining the ...
Soetens Barbara - - 2008
The study tests existing evidence on the paradoxical effects of exposure to a forbidden snack. Sixty-eight females were assigned randomly to one of two conditions: a temptation group, who were given the instruction to abstain from a favourite snack for 24h while being exposed to it, or a control group, ...
Sellaeg Kari - - 2008
Most studies of social aspects of foods have focused on people in multi-person households, often from the perspective of women. Little is known about the food-related experiences of men who live alone. We therefore conducted a qualitative study with 12 men aged 27-47 who lived alone in Vancouver, Canada. Our ...
Turconi Giovanna - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluates eating habits and behaviors, and nutritional and food safety knowledge of a group of Italian adolescents. DESIGN: A dietary questionnaire previously constructed and tested was self-administered during school time. Each section was evaluated using a separate score. SETTING: The study was carried out as a ...
Yamamotová Anna - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Light and food are important synchronizers of circadian rhythmicity. In eating disorders, the circadian rhythms of food intake and temperature are abnormal. METHODS: We analyzed the effect of the morning light application on the circadian rhythm of tympanic temperature and its association with hunger and mood changes in the ...
Mendez Mario F MF Department of Neurology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. - - 2008
Changes in dietary or eating behavior are common in dementia and may help distinguish between different dementing illnesses. To evaluate and characterize differences in dietary and eating behavior among patients with early frontotemporal dementia (FTD) versus Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study administered the Food-Related Problems Questionnaire (FRPQ) to caregivers of ...
Lefkowitz Stanley S - - 2008
Toxicity to glucose is not a normal state, however, it has been reported that after certain individuals ingest sugar, they produce excess tumor necrosis factor. An other wise healthy 47 year old male developed a severe sensitivity to foods containing sugar over a 12 year period. After eating certain foods ...
Blake Christine E - - 2008
Individual differences in food-related knowledge structures were explored by applying schema theory to examine the categories 42 adults used to classify foods across four eating contexts. Food card-sort labels were organized into 12 categories, category salience for each person was evaluated, and cluster analysis was used to identify clusters of ...
Wang Zhihong - - 2008
The purpose of the study is to examine the dynamic eating behaviors of the Chinese people, focusing on snacking and the choice of cooking methods, and to identify the influences of socioeconomic factors on these eating behaviors. Data for this study were from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS). ...
Peeters José M - - 2008
"Eating profiles" can be defined as types of clients distinguished by combinations of food preferences, consumption patterns, and preferences for ambiance. The purpose of this article is to describe the development and initial testing of an instrument to establish eating profiles of residents of nursing homes or elderly homes. We ...
Aschenbrenner Katja - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess dietary behavior and possible changes in food selection in patients with smell loss. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 176 patients (114 women and 62 men) age 17 to 86 years were classified into three diagnostic groups (normosmia, n = 12; hyposmia, n = 75; functional anosmia, ...
Jones Sandra C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the extent and nature of healthy eating messages Australian consumers are currently exposed through magazine advertising. METHOD: Analysis of healthy eating messages in advertisements found in the top 30 Australian magazines between January and June 2005 was conducted. Advertisements were analysed and classified by source, subject, food ...
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