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Results 201 - 250 of 973
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Maharaj Dushyant - - 2009
Eating and drinking in labor is a controversial subject with practice varying widely by practitioners, within facilities, and around the world. The risk of aspiration pneumonitis and anesthesia-related deaths at cesarean section has resulted in adherence to historical practices of starving women in labor. Studies have shown that the risk ...
Cockfield Annette - - 2009
Anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric condition and its management is complex and multi-faceted, requiring a multidisciplinary team approach. Dietitians are an important part of the multidisciplinary team, offering objective nutritional advice with the aim of helping the patient to develop an improved relationship with food. ...
Remick Abigail K - - 2009
Many factors contribute to how much we eat. One such factor is the variety of different foods available. The current article reviews the variety literature with a specific focus on the factors that moderate the effects of variety on food intake and that moderate the processes that may underlie the ...
Liang Tina - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether eating while watching television poses a risk for poor nutrition and excess body weight over and above that of time spent watching television. DESIGN: We analysed data of grade 5 students participating in a comprehensive population-based survey in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. This survey ...
Burd Carlye C Department of Clinical Neuroscience, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Fargo, North Dakota, - - 2009
To examine the caloric intake in women with anorexia nervosa (AN) and how it varies by day as a function of the presence or absence of binge eating and/or purging behaviors. Female participants with AN (n = 84, mean age = 24.4, range 18-51) were recruited from three different sites. ...
Anschutz Doeschka J - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to examine the relations between restrained, emotional, and external eating and total energy intake, and total fat and carbohydrate intake controlling for body mass index and physical activity. The sample consisted of 475 female students. Energy intake was measured over a 1-month period ...
Bonneau Michel - - 2010
The present paper reviews the available information on the eating quality of pork from the perspective of production systems considered at farm level. Among the specifications differentiating systems having a claim on eating quality, breed, feeding strategy, rearing conditions and slaughter age/weight of the pigs may influence pork eating quality. ...
Wilson G Terence - - 2009
Beliefs about foods and binge eating may influence the development and maintenance of eating disorders and the likelihood that people will seek treatment. We found that the majority of a random sample of members of a large health maintenance organization considered binge eating a problem for which there are effective ...
Kirkham Tim C - - 2009
The ability of Cannabis sativa to promote eating has been documented for many centuries, with the drug reported by its users to promote strong cravings for, and an intensification of the sensory and hedonic properties of food. These effects are now known to result from the actions of cannabinoid molecules ...
Epstein Leonard H - - 2009
Research has shown that animals and humans habituate on a variety of behavioral and physiological responses to repeated presentations of food cues, and habituation is related to amount of food consumed and cessation of eating. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of experimental paradigms used to ...
Lyly Marika - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A high intake of dietary fibre has been suggested to support the regulation of energy intake and satiety, which could contribute favourably to the increasing obesity problem. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects of three fibres differing in chemical and physical properties on perceived satiety and hunger-related ...
Widome Rachel - - 2009
We explored differences in adolescents' eating habits, perceptions, and dietary intakes by food security status. As part of Project EAT (Eating Among Teens), we surveyed 4746 multiethnic middle and high school students in 31 primarily urban schools in the Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota, area during the 1998-1999 academic year. Participants completed ...
Coelho Jennifer S - - 2009
Many studies have demonstrated that those high in weight-related concerns eat more after food-cue exposure, which is consistent with predictions of the cue-reactivity model. However, the counteractive-control model predicts that exposure to fattening foods activates dieting-related goals and behavior in weight-concerned individuals. Although these models seem incongruous, the authors hypothesized ...
Merlo Lisa J - - 2009
The goals of the present study were to explore the possibility that symptoms of food addiction may exist for some children and to identify factors that may be associated with pediatric food addiction. Participants were 50 children (aged 8-19), recruited from the Pediatric Lipid Clinic at a large southeastern teaching ...
Tetley Amanda - - 2009
This study sought to explore the association between sensitivity to food cues (sight and smell of food) and (i) body weight (overweight or non-overweight), (ii) typical everyday portion sizes, and (iii) the DEBQ-restraint scale. One hundred and twenty female participants (aged between 18 and 30) were exposed to the sight ...
Moreno Silvia - - 2009
Food cravings are subjective, motivational states thought to induce binge eating among eating disorder patients. This study compared food cravings across eating disorders. Women (N=135) diagnosed with anorexia nervosa, restrictive (ANR) or binge-purging (ANBP) types, or bulimia nervosa, non-purging (BNNP) or purging (BNP) types completed measures of food cravings. Discriminant ...
Woodruff Sarah J - - 2009
PURPOSE: Family dinner frequency has recently been associated in the literature with improved dietary profiles and healthy body weight in children and adolescents. However, it is not known whether family dinners are associated with other commonly reported food behaviors (fast food and soft drink consumption, breakfast skipping, and dieting) and ...
Jezewska Maria - - 2009
Nutrition disorders arise from various interacting factors: cultural, environmental, genetic, physiological, and psychological. Excessive consumption of highly processed food, sugar, salt, alcohol, and saturated fats is a problem nowadays, and consumption of fish, vegetables, and fruit is insufficient. Overeating and an unbalanced diet are often accompanied by stress and a ...
Capasso Anna - - 2009
This review focuses on Eating Disorders (ED), the role played by neurotransmitters and peptides in ED phenomena as well as the drugs used in the treatment of these diseases. For ED, we mean a syndrome characterized by persistent alteration of eating behavior and the conditions that cause an insufficient ingestion ...
Mac??as-Robles Mar??a Dolores - - 2009
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by the avoidance of food intake, which usually leads to a weight loss. Cardiac co-morbility is common and we can find sometimes a mass loss from the left ventricle, which can be seen by echocardiography. But the commonest complications are rhythm variations, typically ...
Fujiwara Tomoko - - 2009
In the present study we conducted a questionnaire survey to examine the relationship between dietary habits and menstrual disorders in young women. Subjects were recruited from 315 college students and were classified as: Group I, eating breakfast; Group II, skipping breakfast; Group III, not eating fast foods; Group IV, eating ...
Sudo Noriko - - 2009
Our previous studies in developing countries have indicated that gender differences in intake of luxury foods incur risk of micronutrient deficiencies among women. As the next step, we examined the causes of gender differences in food intake by comparing eating patterns, including meal frequency (skipping) and temporal distribution of food ...
Westergren A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Eating difficulties are common for patients in hospitals (82% have one or more). Eating difficulties predict undernourishment, need for assistance when eating, length of hospital stay and level of care after hospital stay. Eating difficulties have through factor analysis (FA) been found to belong to three dimensions (ingestion, deglutition ...
Latner Janet D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Our study examined the effect of food volume on later intake and appetite ratings in 15 women with binge eating disorder (BED) and 15 healthy control women. METHOD: On nonconsecutive days, lower-volume (250 ml/171 kcal) and higher-volume milk-based preloads (500 ml/171 kcal) were served in counterbalanced order. Thirty minutes ...
Nicholls Dasha - - 2009
This article describes a range of problem feeding and eating presentations seen in infants and children. In diagnostic terms some fall under the category of "feeding disorder," whereas others are childhood presentations of the eating disorders "anorexia nervosa," "bulimia nervosa," and atypical forms of these. Several other commonly occurring presentations ...
Lacey Janet M - - 2009
Zinc deficiency has been reported in individuals with eating disorders, the risks of which increase during the adolescent and early adult years. A food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) specific for zinc-rich foods was tested for its usefulness in identifying problematic eating behaviour tendencies in college-age women. Ninety-two female students enrolled in ...
Crow Scott J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The direct monetary costs for food and laxatives, diet pills, and diuretics used by individuals with bulimia nervosa (BN) have not been studied. METHOD: Ten participants with a presenting clinical diagnosis of BN completed a 7-day food record at the outset of treatment in order to provide estimates of ...
Pawlak Roman - - 2009
African Americans in the United States suffer from many health disparities such as obesity, diabetes or hypertension. Lifestyle factors including diet and physical activity play an important role in prevention of these health conditions. The purpose of this research project was to assess beliefs, barriers and self-efficacy of eating a ...
Sherrill-Mittleman D A - - 2009
Few measurement instruments for children's eating behaviors and beliefs have been specifically validated for African-American children. Validation within this population is important because of potential cultural and ethnic influences. Objectives were to evaluate established and newly developed or adapted dietary psychosocial measures in a sample of 303 preadolescent African-American girls ...
Jarvandi Soghra - - 2009
Several recent experiments have provided evidence that the ingestion of a distinctive food by rats can be a learnt instrumental act as well as an associatively conditioned reaction. In the previous work, maintenance food was withheld for shorter and longer durations on different days following access to the training food. ...
Harshaw Christopher - - 2008
Hunger, thirst and satiety have an enormous influence on cognition, behavior and development, yet we often take for granted that they are simply inborn or innate. Converging data and theory from both comparative and human domains, however, supports the conclusion that the phenomena hunger, thirst and satiety are not innate ...
Rydell Sarah A - - 2008
A convenience sample of adolescents and adults who regularly eat at fast-food restaurants were recruited to participate in an experimental trial to examine the effect of nutrition labeling on meal choices. As part of this study, participants were asked to indicate how strongly they agreed or disagreed with 11 statements ...
Schienle Anne A Department of Psychology, University of Graz, Graz, Austria. - - 2009
The underlying neurobiological mechanisms that account for the onset and maintenance of binge-eating disorder (BED) are not sufficiently understood. This functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study explored the neural correlates of visually induced food reward and loathing. Sixty-seven female participants assigned to one of four groups (overweight BED patients, overweight ...
Rutters Femke - - 2009
Obesity results from chronic deregulation of energy balance, which may in part be caused by stress. Our objective was to investigate the effect of acute and psychological stress on food intake, using the eating in the absence of hunger paradigm, in normal and overweight men and women (while taking dietary ...
Narchi I - - 2008
Eating behaviour depends partly on food preference, which may be determined by different types of emotions. Among the emotions generated by food, disgust and pleasure are common and can lead to increased and reduced food consumption. We tested the hypothesis that (1) elderly men and women felt different emotions towards ...
Montain Scott J - - 2008
Repeated carbohydrate feedings and caffeine have been shown to increase self-paced physical activity. Whether a field ration pack that promotes snacking of these items would enhance physical activity remains unclear. PURPOSE: Evaluate the effectiveness of a ration pack consisting of eat-on-move items to promote snacking, as well as caffeine items, ...
Mycroft Hazel - - 2008
Talk about food and eating behaviours invariably contains some reference to morality or accountability. However, there are very few studies that focus upon ;mundane dieting'. This research addresses this by examining 37.83 hours of naturally occurring interaction of how women construct and orient to food and their dieting practices within ...
Vue Houa - - 2008
To identify a comprehensive set of distinct "need states" based on the eating occasions experienced by midlife women. Series of 7 focus group interviews. Meeting room on a university campus. A convenience sample of 34 multi-ethnic women (mean age = 46 years). Descriptions of eating occasions by "need states," specific ...
Jansen Anita - - 2009
Recent work shows that the inability to inhibit basic motor responses (like pressing a button) is related to overeating, weight gain and overweight. In the present study it was tested whether this inability to inhibit motor responses--or impulsivity--can differentiate between successful and unsuccessful restrained eaters. A typical preload and food ...
Zandian Modjtaba - - 2009
Women were divided into those eating at a decelerated or linear rate. Eating rate was then experimentally increased or decreased by asking the women to adapt their rate of eating to curves presented on a computer screen and the effect on food intake and satiety was studied. Decelerated eaters were ...
Villalba Juan J - - 2009
Fear, a key aspect of temperament with important implications for both animal welfare and production, may be manifest in responses to novelty. Herbivores typically prefer the familiar to the novel, and they generally regard anything novel with caution (i.e., they are reluctant to eat novel foods). We hypothesized animals differ ...
Nicklaus Sophie - - 2009
Eating a variety of foods is essential to achieve adequate coverage of macro- and micronutrient needs. We expose here how eating habits for a variety of foods develop in childhood, from early infancy on. Preferences for specific flavours might develop early, through milk-related flavour exposures. Breastfeeding favours the acquisition of ...
Leite Faria Silvia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In bariatric surgery patients, weight loss and long-term weight maintenance are related to food intake and eating patterns. To improve the diet orientation in the bariatric surgery postoperative period, we assessed the postoperative eating patterns and related them to weight loss. METHODS: This was a transversal, analytical, and descriptive ...
Jastran Margaret M - - 2009
Eating routines are a compelling issue because recurring eating behaviors influence nutrition and health. As non-traditional and individualized eating patterns have become more common, new ways of thinking about routine eating practices are needed. This study sought to gain conceptual understanding of working adults' eating routines. Forty-two purposively sampled US ...
Lioret Sandrine - - 2008
The objectives of this study were: (i) to assess the relationships between childhood overweight (OW) and four eating behaviors: daily eating frequency, and the relative contribution of breakfast, main meals (lunch and dinner), and snacks to total daily energy intake (EI); (ii) to explore whether these eating behaviors are involved ...
Lawton Julia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE(S): To look at food and eating practices from the perspectives of Pakistanis and Indians with type 2 diabetes, their perceptions of the barriers and facilitators to dietary change, and the social and cultural factors informing their accounts. METHOD: Qualitative, interview study involving 23 Pakistanis and nine Indians with type ...
Alvarenga Marle Santos - - 2008
Eating attitudes are defined as beliefs, thoughts, feelings and behaviors towards food. Bulimia nervosa (BN) is an eating disorder, in which the eating attitudes are seriously disturbed. Studies that evaluated nutritional aspects of BN focus mainly on food intake, dietary restriction and binge eating, while the follow-up studies evaluate mainly ...
Björk T - - 2008
Our aim in this study was to describe how patients perceive having recovered from eating disorders. A qualitative method with a phenomenographic approach was used to identify various ways of experiencing recovery. Four categories emerged, describing how the subjects now relate in a relaxed and accepting manner to food, the ...
de Bruin Eveline A - - 2009
Several reviews of behavioural studies have concluded that some foods may have beneficial effects on cognitive performance. The present review summarises findings from studies using event-related potentials to investigate the food effects on brain activity underlying cognition. Despite initial positive indications from observational studies, subsequent studies with a within-subject design ...
Ouwens M A - - 2009
van Strien et al. [van Strien, T., Engels, R. C. M. E., van Leeuwe, J., Snoek, H. M. (2005). The Stice model of overeating: tests in clinical and non-clinical samples. Appetite, 45, 205-213] extended the negative affect pathway of Stice's dual pathway model of overeating Stice [Stice, E. (1994). Review ...
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