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Svaldi Jennifer - - 2010
Previous research has yielded evidence of attentional biases for food-related cues in binge eating disorder (BED) using behavioural measures such as the Stroop and dot probe paradigm. Being a more direct measure of attentional processing, the present study used event related potentials (ERPs) to test reactivity to high caloric and ...
Schweiger Chaya - - 2010
Many bariatric operations are associated with reduced food tolerance and frequent vomiting, which may cause nutritional deficiencies and influence quality of life. However, the impact of different bariatric procedures on quality of eating and food tolerance has not yet been studied enough. Two hundred and eighteen participants filled a quality ...
Lundkvist Pernilla - - 2010
The aim of the present study is to explore how older people reflect on, make sense of and express their views about healthy eating messages and how they narrate these responses in relation to managing their diets along with strategies adopted in terms of existing food and meal patterns. This ...
Lachat Carl - - 2011
To identify and assess actions by which the catering sector could be engaged in strategies for healthier eating out in Europe. A SWOT analysis was used to assess the participation of the catering sector in actions for healthier eating out. Caterers subsequently shortlisted essential actions to overcome threats and weaknesses ...
McQuestion Maurene - - 2011
Research has drawn attention to the challenges that patients receiving treatment for head and neck cancers experience, including the physical and emotional impact of diagnosis and treatment, the effects of weight loss, challenges related to eating and strategies used by patients to address nutritional problems. There is limited research in ...
Avena Nicole M - - 2010
This review summarizes evidence of "food addiction" using animal models of binge eating. In our model of sucrose bingeing, behavioral components of addiction are demonstrated and related to neurochemical changes that also occur with addictive drugs. Evidence supports the hypothesis that rats can become dependent and "addicted" to sucrose. Results ...
Leidy Heather J - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of dietary protein and eating frequency on perceived appetite and satiety during weight loss. A total of 27 overweight/obese men (age 47 ± 3 years; BMI 31.5 ± 0.7 kg/m(2)) were randomized to groups that consumed an energy-restriction diet (i.e., 750 kcal/day ...
Spence John C - - 2011
Abstract Objective. No study has examined a comprehensive set of approach and avoidance eating behaviours and their relationship with bodyweight among North American children. The purpose of this study was to test whether a variety of individual eating behaviours differed among weight status groups in a sample of Canadian pre-school ...
Brunner Thomas A - - 2010
In a standard modeling experiment, a naïve participant eats in the presence of an experimental confederate who has been instructed to eat a lot or a little. Results from such experiments show that people eat more when eating companions eat more and less when eating companions eat less. This modeling ...
Ristovski-Slijepcevic Svetlana - - 2010
In this qualitative study with three ethnocultural groups in two regions of Canada, we explore how official dietary guidelines provide particular standards concerning 'healthy eating' that marginalize other understandings of the relationship between food and health. In families where parents and youth held shared ways of understanding healthy eating, the ...
Demos Kathryn E KE Dartmouth College, USA. - - 2011
Numerous studies have demonstrated that consuming high-calorie food leads to subsequent overeating by chronic dieters. The present study investigates the neural correlates of such self-regulatory failures using fMRI. Chronic dieters (n = 50) and non-dieters (n = 50) consumed either a 15-oz glass of cold water or a 15-oz milkshake ...
Zijlstra Nicolien - - 2010
This study explored the effect of texture differences on satiation (ad libitum food intake) in 3 pairs of solid foods. Test products were specially developed luncheon meat, meat replacers and sweets. Each food consisted of a "hard" and "soft" version, expected to lead to different eating rates and consequently to ...
Akhavan T - - 2011
Background:It is hypothesized that a solid form of food or food components suppresses subjective appetite and short-term food intake (FI) more than a liquid form.Objective:To compare the effect of eating solid vs drinking liquid forms of gelatin, sucrose and its component mixtures, and whey protein, on subjective appetite and FI ...
Dammann Kristen - - 2010
This qualitative study explored low-income children's food-related attitudes and behaviors, and current weight status. Two researchers conducted 14 audiotaped, 60-minute focus groups. Height and weight were measured. Libraries, homeless shelters, and a community center. Ninety-two low-income children aged 9-13 years. How environmental, personal, and behavioral factors affect food choices and ...
Polivy Janet - - 2010
Manipulated perceptions of the portion size of food influence subsequent eating by restrained and unrestrained eaters. In the present study, all participants were served a same-sized slice of pizza. For one-third of participants, their slice appeared larger than the slice being served to another ostensible participant, another third perceived their ...
Bae Hyun-Joo - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine consumers' behaviors toward ready-to-eat foods and to develop ready-to-eat food market segmentation in Korea. The food-related lifestyle and purchase behaviors of ready-to-eat foods were evaluated using 410 ready-to-eat food consumers in the Republic of Korea. Four factors were extracted by exploratory factor ...
White Katherine M - - 2010
The present study tested the utility of an extended version of the theory of planned behaviour that included a measure of planning, in the prediction of eating foods low in saturated fats among adults diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes and/or cardiovascular disease. Participants (N=184) completed questionnaires assessing standard theory of ...
Naska A A Hellenic Health Foundation, Athens, - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the association of body mass index (BMI) and weight gain with eating at restaurants and similar establishments or eating at work among 10 European countries of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. This study included a representative sample ...
Kroon Van Diest Ashley M - - 2010
Certain caregiver eating messages - restriction of food intake and pressures to eat - are associated with body dissatisfaction and eating disturbances among young girls. This study explored whether these messages are also associated with body attitudes and eating behaviors of young adult women and men. The Caregiver Eating Messages ...
Enginar Nurhan - - 2010
Food intake triggers convulsions in fasted mice and rats treated with antimuscarinic drugs, scopolamine or atropine. Bearing some similarities in triggering factor and manifestations of the seizures in patients with eating-evoked epilepsy, seizures in fasted animals may provide insight into the mechanism(s) of this rare and partially controlled form of ...
Monge-Rojas Rafael - - 2010
This study designed and validated a questionnaire aimed at examining parental feeding styles to encourage healthy eating habits among Costa Rican adolescents. Adolescents (n=133; mean age 15.4 years), and their parents, participated in the study. The parents completed a parental feeding style questionnaire, and the adolescents completed 3-day food records. ...
Ferriday D - - 2011
Objective:Even brief exposure to the sight and smell of food has been shown to increase reported appetite, initiate 'cephalic phase responses,' and increase planned and actual consumption. This experiment tested the hypothesis that overweight individuals are especially sensitive to these established effects of food-cue exposure.Design:Overweight (n=52) and normal-weight (n=52) participants ...
Blissett Jackie J School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom. - - 2010
Children's emotional eating is related to greater body mass index and a less-healthy diet, but little is known about the early development of this behavior. This study aimed to examine the relations between preschool children's emotional eating and parental feeding practices by using experimental manipulation of child mood and food ...
Bingham Clarissa M L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Eating habits of Finns have improved dramatically in 40 years. The proportion of fat in the diet has decreased and vegetable and fruit consumption increased. Knowledge of Finnish young men's dietary habits is limited. The aim was to assess food choices and quality of diet among young men and ...
Mascola Anthony J - - 2010
Picky eating is a common disorder during childhood often causing considerable parental anxiety. This study examined the incidence, point prevalence, persistence and characteristics of picky eating in a prospective study of 120 children and their parents followed from 2 to 11 years. At any given age between 13% and 22% ...
Ibiebele Torukiri I - - 2010
Eating behaviors, such as the timing, speed of eating, and frequently consuming hot drinks, fried, spicy, or barbecued foods may be associated with increased risks of esophageal cancer. We analyzed data from a population-based case-control study to examine whether eating behaviors are associated with risk of esophageal cancer. Self-administered questionnaire ...
Wansink Brian - - 2010
Plate shapes and package sizes, lighting and layout, color and convenience: these are a few of hidden persuaders that can contribute to how much food a person eats. This review first posits that these environmental factors influence eating because they increase consumption norms and decrease consumption monitoring. Second, it suggests ...
Evers Catharine - - 2010
The process by which emotions affect eating behavior emerges as one of the central unresolved questions in the field of emotional eating. The present studies address the hypothesis that the regulation strategies people use to deal with these emotions are responsible for increased eating. Negative emotions were induced and intake ...
Coelho Jennifer S - - 2010
Thought-shape fusion (TSF) is a cognitive distortion that can be induced by imagining eating high-caloric foods, and involves increased guilt, feelings of fatness, and perceptions of weight gain and moral wrong-doing. Two studies were conducted to further elucidate this phenomenon. Study 1 investigated whether merely being exposed to fattening foods ...
Rintala Mirva - - 2011
To determine the association between long-term leisure-time physical activity/inactivity and eating behaviours in twin pairs discordant for physical activity for 30 years. Co-twin control design with cross-sectional data collection using questionnaire on eating habits and 5 d food diary. Differences in eating behaviours between physically active and inactive co-twins were ...
Tam Leona L Department of Marketing, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA. - - 2010
This study examined whether matching implementation intentions to people's regulatory orientation affects the effectiveness of changing unhealthy snacking habits. Participants' regulatory orientation was either measured (as a chronic trait) or manipulated (as a situational state), and participants were randomly assigned to implementation intention conditions to eat more healthy snacks or ...
Campbell Karen - - 2010
This cross-sectional study aimed to describe parents' views regarding self-efficacy to influence children's eating and sedentary behaviours at two time points in early childhood, and to examine associations between these views and children's eating and sedentary behaviours. Mothers of 1-year (n=60) and 5-year-old children (n=80) were recruited through Maternal and ...
Ouwehand Carolijn - - 2010
Dieting is difficult to maintain in an environment where cues of attractive, high-calorie food abound. Overweight and restrained eating have been associated with failures of self-regulation in response to such food cues. A subgroup of successful restrained eaters, however, have been found to activate their dieting goal in response to ...
Frank Sabine S MEG-Center, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany. - - 2010
In most cases obesity, a major risk factor for diabetes mellitus type 2 and other associated chronic diseases, is generated by excessive eating. For a better understanding of eating behavior, it is necessary to determine how it is modulated by factors such as the calorie content of food, satiety and ...
Bello Nicholas T NT Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2010
Central dopaminergic mechanisms are involved in the motivational aspects of eating and food choices. This review focuses on human and animal data investigating the importance of dopamine on binge eating behaviors. Early work examining dopamine metabolites in the cerebrospinal fluid and plasma of bulimic individuals suggested decreased dopamine turnover during ...
Rutters Femke - - 2010
Acute psychological stress is associated with eating in the absence of hunger. To investigate if BclI and FTO polymorphisms are associated with eating in the absence of hunger as a result of acute psychological stress. FTO (rs9939609) and BclI were genotyped in 98 subjects (BMI=23.9+/-3.3kg/m(2)). In a randomized crossover design, ...
Calitri Raff - - 2010
The current study explored the predictive value of cognitive biases to food cues (assessed by emotional Stroop and dot probe tasks) on weight change over a 1-year period. This was a longitudinal study with undergraduate students (N = 102) living in shared student accommodation. After controlling for the effects of ...
Costa Larrissa Cunha Feio - - 2010
The objective of the study was to estimate abnormal eating attitudes influenced by associated factors among female students of the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florian6polis, southern Brazil. Abnormal eating attitudes were investigated using the eating attitudes test (EAT-26), according to the presence (EAT+) and absence (EAT-) of symptoms in ...
Allison Kelly C KC Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-3309, USA. - - 2010
To propose criteria for diagnosis of the night eating syndrome (NES). An international research meeting was held in April 2008, and consensus criteria for NES diagnosis were determined. The core criterion is an abnormally increased food intake in the evening and nighttime, manifested by (1) consumption of at least 25% ...
Killgore William D S WD Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, McLean Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Belmont, Massachusetts 02478, USA. - - 2010
Men and women differ in cerebral organization and prevalence rates of eating disorders. However, no studies have yet examined sex differences in cerebral responses to the caloric content of food images. Sixteen healthy adults (eight men; eight women) underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging while viewing images of high-calorie and low-calorie ...
de Graaf Cees - - 2010
This Perspective focuses on two elements of our food supply and eating environment that facilitate high energy intake: a high eating rate and distraction of attention from eating. These two elements are believed to undermine our body's capacity to regulate its energy intake at healthy levels because they impair the ...
Llewellyn Clare H CH Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United - - 2010
A strong genetic influence on appetitive traits has been shown in children and adults, but no studies have examined appetite in early infancy, even though avidity of appetite has been linked with a higher risk of obesity. The objective was to investigate the heritability in early infancy of 4 appetitive ...
Zhong Chen-Bo - - 2010
Based on recent advancements in the behavioral priming literature, three experiments investigated how incidental exposure to fast food can induce impatient behaviors and choices outside of the eating domain. We found that even an unconscious exposure to fast-food symbols can automatically increase participants' reading speed when they are under no ...
Czyzyk Traci A - - 2010
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by excessive food intake during a short period of time and is often associated with obesity. Mouse models of binge-like eating behavior are lacking making it difficult to employ genetic models in the identification of mechanisms regulating excessive eating. We report a rapid and ...
Hekler Eric B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Health education programs for promoting a healthful diet have shown limited success in clinical trials. PURPOSE: This paper aims to examine whether an innovative educational course focused on societal-level issues related to food and food production (Food and Society) would promote healthful eating among college students. METHODS: A quasi-experimental ...
Veenstra Esther M - - 2010
Although restrained eaters intend to limit their caloric intake, they nevertheless frequently fail and indulge in exactly the foods they want to avoid. Because automatic food-relevant approach tendencies and affective associations may both (independently) contribute to the dysregulation of food intake, the present study was designed to investigate the importance ...
Lovell-Smith David - - 2010
It is hypothesised that eating is regulated when eating pleasure fulfills (and thus extinguishes) the desire to eat and that eating pleasure is maximised when eating is prompted by an Empty Hollow Sensation (EHS). Absent, unrecognised, misinterpreted or false hunger sensations may account for non-regulated eating in many so-called normal ...
Houben Katrijn - - 2010
In two studies, it was examined whether dietary restraint is associated with stronger positive implicit attitudes toward high calorie food. This hypothesis was tested using unipolar IAT variants that allowed us to separately measure and examine positive and negative implicit associations with high calorie food. In both studies, results showed ...
Corsica Joyce A - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Food addiction has been implicated as a putative causal factor in chronic overeating, binge eating, and obesity. The concept of food addiction has been controversial historically due to definitional and conceptual difficulties and to a lack of rigorous scientific data. RECENT FINDINGS: Support for the food addiction ...
O'Key Victoria - - 2010
Healthy eating initiatives, and messages about what one should be eating, are prolific in contemporary British society. This paper examines mothers' talk around food and feeding to determine how trust or mistrust in healthy eating information is established and rationalised. Discursive analysis of interviews with mothers (N=12, aged 25-45) isolated ...
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