Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 962
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O'Reardon John P - - 2005
Night eating syndrome (NES) is an eating disorder characterised by the clinical features of morning anorexia, evening hyperphagia, and insomnia with awakenings followed by nocturnal food ingestion. The core clinical feature appears to be a delay in the circadian timing of food intake. Energy intake is reduced in the first ...
Barry Raymond J - - 2005
Angelman syndrome (AS) is a rare congenital disorder characterized by impairments in intellectual, neurological and motor functioning and a postulated behavioral profile. This study compared behavioral characteristics of 62 individuals with genetically confirmed AS and 29 individuals with presumed AS from clinical features, with a control group of young persons ...
Rotenberg Ken J - - 2005
The study was designed to examine: (a) if activating thoughts about control affects anxiety and food intake and (b) if those effects are moderated by dietary restraint. Eighty female undergraduates were administered the Dietary Restraint questionnaire and were primed for cognitions of control or of lack of control. The participants' ...
Satia Jessie A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations of the frequency of eating at fast-food restaurants with demographic, behavioural and psychosocial factors and dietary intake in African American adults. METHODS: Self-reported data from a population-based cross-sectional survey of 658 African Americans, aged 20-70 years, in North Carolina. An 11-page questionnaire assessed eating at fast-food ...
Hassan-Wassef H - - 2004
Accelerated changes are taking place in the food habits of the present day Egyptians. Examples are drawn from foods that continue to be consumed by those considered guardians of the Egyptian tradition (Coptic Christians and isolated farming communities) and from interpretation of archaeological evidence. Recent decades have witnessed the progressive ...
Brunstrom Jeffrey M - - 2004
The deleterious effect of dietary restraint on cognitive performance is now well established. However, recent evidence suggests that this impairment shares characteristics with those found in abstinent drug users. In this study, high (n=21) and low-to-medium restrained eaters (n=41) completed a reaction-time task, once while imagining their favourite food and ...
Marklinder I M - - 2004
The lack of data on consumer refrigeration temperatures and storage times limits our ability to assess and manage risks associated with microbial hazards. This study addressed these limitations by collecting data on temperatures and storage handling practices of chilled foods. Consumers from 102 households in Uppsala, Sweden, were instructed to ...
Singri Naveen - - 2004
Physicians utilize the measurement of the urea reduction ratio (URR) and Kt/V as surrogates for the adequacy of hemodialysis, as well as to follow the course of patients longitudinally. These measurements are affected by the duration of a dialysis treatment, the type and size of the dialyzer membrane used during ...
Gonzalez Vivian M M - - 2004
The Food Phobia Survey (FPS) is a recently developed clinical instrument designed to identify foods that are avoided out of fear or guilt by eating disordered individuals. The measure has potential utility in clinical settings for several purposes: the assessment of current food selection and food-related concerns; the construction of ...
Meldrum R J - - 2004
The method of data collection from the Welsh 'shopping basket' ready-to-eat food sampling programme has recently been reviewed, with the principal aim of reducing the resources required for inputting and audit of data. The subsequent improvements made have been primarily software based and they have made data collection, audit and ...
de Lauzon Blandine - - 2004
A revised version of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) was developed in an obese population, but its applicability to the general population was not assessed. We aimed to define the relationship between eating behavior and reported food intake. This was a cross-sectional study of 529 middle-aged adults and 358 teenagers ...
Hinton Elanor C - - 2004
The motivation to eat in humans is a complex process influenced by intrinsic mechanisms relating to the hunger and satiety cascade, and extrinsic mechanisms based on the appetitive incentive value of individual foods, which can themselves induce desire. This study was designed to investigate the neural basis of these two ...
Striegel-Moore Ruth H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of night eating in a community cohort of black and white girls, using different definitions of night eating as described in the literature. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Three-day food diaries collected as part of the National Growth and Health Study were examined to identify episodes ...
Takeda Eiji - - 2004
Stress is a pervasive factor in everyday life that critically affects development and functioning. Severe and prolonged stress exposure impairs homeostatic mechanisms, particularly associated with the onset of depressive illness. Brain food is aimed at preventing as well as treating a growing number of stress-related mental disorders. Some topics on ...
Wiggins Sally - - 2004
This study is concerned with developing the interdisciplinary nature of food research, and with examining eating practices as they occur in everyday situations. The aim is to demonstrate how discursive approaches may contribute to eating research using a specific analytical example. A discursive psychological approach is used to examine mealtime ...
Kraly F Scott - - 2004
Eating has important physiological consequences. Experiments in which food and components of food are manipulated in ways to activate various food-contingent physiological signals have revealed mechanisms for eating-elicited satiety and thirst. This kind of approach also has revealed that eating can activate physiological signals for drinking to prevent challenges to ...
Westerterp-Plantenga Margriet S - - 2004
The Society for the Study of Ingestive Behaviour meets each year to discuss and highlight recent developments in our understanding of all aspects of controls of eating and drinking. The aim of this satellite was to focus on key issues in human food intake control: palatability, central and peripheral signalling, ...
Lynch Wesley - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To explore the differences in eating attitudes between groups of Native American and white female adolescents based on data derived from the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26). DESIGN: Selected data presented here were derived from a larger convenience sample of (2,000 students in grades 5-12 using a self-report questionnaire, which ...
Schreck Kimberly A - - 2004
Although clinicians typically assume that feeding problems co-exist with a diagnosis of autism, no previous research has compared the eating behavior of children with autism to typically developing children. This study compared caregiver report of eating problems of children with and without autism on a standardized questionnaire. The questionnaire included ...
Alpers Georg W - - 2004
Energy deprivation and malnutrition are often thought to be key factors in the maintenance of bulimia nervosa (BN). Our review shows that it is unclear how much energy is actually available to BN patients' metabolism because the contribution of food consumed during binge eating is generally neglected. Also, there is ...
Madden Helen - - 2004
Media representations of food are ubiquitous in contemporary society, and healthy eating features predominantly in such texts. This study explores the discursive construction of food and healthy eating in texts appearing in popular women's magazines, and examines the variety of positions and subjectivities offered to women readers of these texts. ...
Wikby Kerstin - - 2004
The aim of this study was to identify and describe factors of importance with regard to appetite among elderly people. A qualitative approach was used and the method was grounded theory. Fifteen elderly people were interviewed using a method with two overall questions. The results show that the willingness to ...
Jacobsson Anna - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Many patients with heart failure have generalized wasting, referred to as cardiac cachexia. This leads to skeletal muscle wasting, impaired mobility, reduced functional capacity and poor prognosis. Patients with heart failure have symptoms that can affect their food intake, for example breathing difficulties, fatigue, nausea, loss of appetite, early ...
Donini L M - - 2004
AIM: To propose a diagnostic proceeding and to try to verify the prevalence of orthorexia nervosa (ON), an eating disorder defined as "a maniacal obsession for healthy foods". MATERIALS AND METHODS: 404 subjects were enrolled. Diagnosis of ON was based on both the presence of a disorder with obsessive-compulsive personality ...
Harnack Lisa - - 2004
To examine accuracy of reporting of large food portions, 50 adults were invited to eat a restaurant meal that included a hamburger patty, french fries, and ice cream. After eating, participants were asked to estimate the amount of food consumed using commonly used and larger-sized food models as a guide. ...
Nederkoorn Chantal - - 2004
The conditioning model of binge eating states that cues such as the sight, smell and taste of binge food prepare the binger's body for the intake of large amounts of food. The bodily preparations are supposed to be felt as an almost irresistible urge to binge. In the present study, ...
Chua J L - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypotheses that induction of negative mood in obese binge eaters would increase food intake, and that this would be greatest in those who were highly restrained. DESIGN: Experimental manipulation of mood (neutral vs sad film) prior to the presentation of food in a taste test. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Aree Patcharaporn - - 2004
The objective of the present ethnographic study was to describe the eating behaviors of elderly persons with hyperlipidemia. Twenty-one elderly subjects with hyperlipidemia and their relatives volunteered to be included in the study. Focus group and in-depth interviews with participant observations were used for data collection. Each transcript from interviews ...
Legenbauer Tanja - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate cephalic phase responses (CPRs) in women diagnosed with bulimia nervosa and to test the assumption that eating disordered individuals respond with more marked CPRs and higher increases in psychophysiological arousal to the presentation of food cues. METHOD: Thirteen female inpatients diagnosed with bulimia nervosa were compared to ...
Thompson O M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between eating food purchased away from home (FAH) and longitudinal change in body mass index (BMI) z-score among girls, and to assess the longitudinal tracking of eating FAH from childhood through adolescence. DESIGN: Participants kept 7-day dietary records at two points in time. The records ...
Dewar Gwen - - 2004
Dietary generalists often treat new foods with caution and may rely on social cues to identify new foods that are safe to eat. However, not all generalists show the same degree of caution, nor do they all rely on social cues to the same extent. The cue reliability approach (CRA) ...
Stormark Kjell Morten - - 2004
PURPOSE: This study investigated subjects with eating disorders' selective attention to linguistic and pictorial representations of food stimuli in a version of the Stroop color-naming task. If subjects with eating disorders' attention really are biased by food stimuli, one would expect equally delayed color-naming latencies to food pictures as previous ...
Nieradko-Iwanicka Barbara - - 2004
Good eating habit is an essential part of a healthy lifestyle. It helps prevent civilisation diseases. The BMI and eating plan analysis are useful in individual's nutritional assessment. The aim of the study was to assess nutritional status and eating habits in young adults. An average BMI was 23.63 kg/ ...
Stirling Lucy J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The current study explored the effect of availability of a forbidden food on subsequent eating behavior in restrained and unrestrained women. METHOD: Thirty restrained and 30 unrestrained, normal-weight women were assigned randomly to one of two conditions, an experimental group that was exposed to a forbidden food (chocolate) for ...
Ferzacca Steve - - 2004
Medical nutritional therapy (MNT) is a key feature of treatment for and management of type 2 diabetes. There are two elements to this therapeutic approach: collecting a diet history and prescribing therapeutic diets. For the clinical encounters observed in this paper, MNT often became a source of conflict between practitioners ...
Hawks Steven R - - 2004
Current models of the nutrition transition focus on demographic changes and economic development. A further influence may be the adoption of western-based perceptions of beauty that lead to potentially harmful eating behaviours which contribute to overweight, obesity, and eating disorders. This paper proposes a comprehensive model of the nutrition transition ...
Long JoAnn D - - 2004
PURPOSE: To test the effects of a classroom and World Wide Web (WWW) educational intervention on self-efficacy (SE) for healthy eating (HE) and to examine the relationship of the theoretical concepts in a hypothesized model of eating behavior in adolescents. DESIGN: A quasiexperimental pretest, posttest design was used in a ...
Rofey Dana L - - 2004
Cognitive processing differences based on attentional biases of words pertaining to eating disorders were investigated to assess people's pathological thoughts. Participants were 165 undergraduate women (mean age=19.2) at a large Midwestern university. This Stroop task that included color identification of three word groups (food-related words, neutral words, and color words) ...
Shatenstein B - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Sociodemographic, lifestyle and dietary characteristics were studied to gain insights into determinants of total diet quality and diversity in a weighted sample of 460 participants aged 55-74 (53% female) from the 1990 Enqu te qu b coise sur la nutrition (EQN) dataset. METHODS: Dietary data consisted of an interviewer-administered ...
Dobson Keith S - - 2004
The Stroop task has been adapted from cognitive psychology to be able to examine attentional biases in various forms of psychopathology, including the eating disorders. This paper reviews the research on the Stroop task in the eating disorders research area in both descriptive and meta-analytic fashions. Twenty-eight empirical studies are ...
Smith Shannon C - - 2004
We investigated the impact of the Kids' Shop Smart Tour program on participants' attitudes toward trying new foods and eating a variety of foods, as well as their recognition of Canada's Food Guide to Healthy Eating. Data were collected from parents/caregivers, students in kindergarten to grade 3, and teachers; questionnaires, ...
Elfhag Kristina - - 2003
Conceptual (a priori) subgroups in obesity based on personality findings from the Rorschach Comprehensive System were suggested for 100 obese patients. The subgroups were further compared in terms of general anamnestic and behavioral data. The largest subgroup was Rorschach characterized by difficulties with emotions and a tendency towards depression. Demographic ...
Bourcier Emily - - 2003
The family may exert powerful influence on family members' eating habits, though there is very little conclusive literature regarding the specific mechanisms. The authors investigated how often family food preparers use particular strategies to encourage their families to eat more healthily and then related these strategies to healthy eating outcomes ...
Johansen Jeanette E - - 2003
Eating disorders constitute major medical health problems in the western world. Even though little is known about the mechanisms behind abnormal eating behavior, it has become clear that the central nervous system (CNS), particularly the hypothalamus, plays a significant role. The anorexic anx/anx mouse is a unique model for studying ...
Engel Scott G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The present study sought to investigate the relationship between a number of areas of elite student-athletes' lives and disordered eating. METHOD: We surveyed 1445 elite Division I athletes at 11 different institutions and in 11 different sports. Hierarchical regression was used to indicate specific areas of the participants' collegiate ...
Ouwens Machteld A - - 2003
Alcohol is frequently mentioned as a disinhibitor of restrained eating behavior although only a small number of studies have investigated this disinhibition effect. The present study was conducted to fill this gap. A total of 116 female college students participated in a questionnaire-based assessment and a taste-test experiment. Before the ...
Herman C Peter - - 2003
The authors review the effect of the presence of others on food intake. In social facilitation studies, people tend to eat more in groups than when alone. In modeling studies, the presence of others may facilitate or inhibit intake, depending on how much these other people eat. Studies of impression ...
Gore Stacy A - - 2003
With the rise in obesity in America, the search for potential causes for this epidemic has begun to include a focus on environmental factors. Television (TV) viewing is one such factor, partially due to its potential as a stimulus for eating. The current study investigated the relationship between food intake ...
Haynes Charlotte - - 2003
Previous laboratory studies of disinhibited eating in response to stress have had varied outcomes. Since recent research implies that disinhibited eating might be observed when using the Thre-Factor Eating Questionnaire restraint (TFEQ-R) measure when scores on the TFEQ disinhibition (TFEQ-D) scale were also used, the present study investigated the disinhibitory ...
Puhl Rebecca M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether memories of parental rules about food during childhood are linked to adult eating behaviors. METHOD: An adult community sample (N=122) (56% female, 44% male) with a mean age of 44.6 years completed self-report measures of weight and dieting history, current ...
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